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vppon me in my Low Estate I shall Line in hope to here
from you to Answer me in some way that I may not be thus
wronged thus with my kinde Loue & respects vnto your
self I Rest your vnfeigned freind & seruant

Laurence Dennis



Laurence Dennis to he paid

Ordered y* Laurence Dennis be paid by the publike for

his Sixtene n" Cattle Twenty pounds as mony

May 30 : 1691 past in y*^ Affirmatiue

g the Deputies Joseph Lynde g ord""

Consented to by the Deputy Gov"" and Assistants.

Is" Addington Seciy
[Superscribed] To And for the

Honoured major Church New

Plinimouth Colinie in New

England

per Ensigne David Perkins./



OF THE STATE OF MAINE. 243

''Letter from Portsm" Bs"^ June 11" IGOl"

Portsm" June 10"' : at one in the nioi'ning.
Much Ilon^''

About an houre agoe m"" Jn° Plaistcd came down from
Newichawanick, & informs us that there were three men at
in' near the fjreat works there: one in the Mill, and two at
the logs a little distance from the Mill, one of w°'' was Wil-
liam Spencer, who told the said Plaisted that he saw about
twenty Indians who fired vpou them, vpon w'^*' the s** Spen-
cer ran away into the bushes & soe escaped the Enemy, but
knows not wheither the other men are kild or taken : said
Plaisted tells us he saw ten Indians himself: the whole River
is alarmd, what the Issve will l)e God only knows, Ave pray
yo"" Hon'"'* to consider in what a weak condittion our two
provinces are, & send us some help speedily : the Lord
direct you & us w* to doe in this euill time we remain

Hon''" S" IV humble seru^"
W™ Vaughan
Rich'' Martyn
[Superscribed] To the Ilon'*"'^ the

Gov'' & Councill psent In Boston

Hast post hast

Inp'' 180 men to be raised of this Collany proportionably
Except Hampshire/



''Order to several majors to have soldiers in readiness to

act against Indians, who are hostile."
S"-

Vpon intelligence received last night from Piscataqua of
the appearance of Indians to the number of twenty or there-
about at Newichewannick that fired upon some English at
worke, at or neer the Mills ; Its thought advisable to remit



244 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

the notice thereof unto 3'our Selfe, that so you may take
such Orders in the severall Town's with in your Regiment,
that the}'^ attend their necessaiy duty for their own defence.

And it's likewise Ordered by the Governour and Council
that upon any Exigent by an Alarm, or attack made by the
Enemy upon any Town, or out Plantation (tho out of your
Regiment) you take efiectual care that a sutable part of the
Soldiers under your command be in a readiness, and do
forthwith issue out to the Releife of those assaulted, and to
pursue the Enemy, And that others be advanceing forward
unto the next adjacent Towns to that assaulted for the
strengthning of them, without expecting further Order.

And in particular to afford Assistance to those of Piscata-
qua in the present danger, if you understand they are as-
saulted until other provision be made in that matter./

Boston June 12"> 1691./



Letter from Francis Hooke.

Kittery the 11'" June 1691
May it please yo"" hon"

This morninge came a post to me from Wells which giues
an account of theire beinge atact by french & Indiens one
man kild and two wounded which letter I posted away to
]\Iajor Vaughon which I doubt not but that he posted away
to yo"" hon" after which I went to Yorke for further inteli-
gence, and being theare I doe understand that the enemie
was not gon this morninge but cannot here the}^ haue done
any Damadge more theare only I heare they haue kild one
man and wounded two at Exettor. —

at wells I haue farther information that on theyre parlie
the enemie declars that the reason why they tight us is
because they were under some feare in regard that Casteen
took three of our men ; 21y because that they have lost
fower men, which they conclude we haue kild & thirdly



OF THE STATE OF MAINE. 245

because we gaue them noe satisfaction for the two captius
which they brought into Wells at our last treaty with them
these are theire pretenses which must be boleaucd with
discreation, howeuer what they hauc all ready done giues
sufficient grownd to us to take all measurs imaginable in
order to they re distruction : or otherwise they will soone
destroy us : I am alsoe informed that Moxes is the chili' man
among the enemie ; who desired at Wells to treat on M''
Battler who was then theare ; who readily went to him
aloane and had a great deale of discours with him & cam
away peaceably which gius suspition that he is an ill man

I suppose he will soon be at Boston where yo"" hon" will
haue an opertunity to discours him ; all that I have more to
say is that for sertayne the enemie is numerous and are at
this time round about us, and are euery day upon one place
or other, but through mercy we are hetherto preserud but
cannot imadgine to stand longe without speedy help which I
humbly intreat yo"" hon''^ to take into yo'' serious considera-
tion those men you sent to Wells came there but half an
hower before they were besett, a prouidence neuer to be
forgotten ; which smile of God, may be matter of great
incoragement to proceed in such a blessed worke to improue
the second means to preserue theire Majestys interest in
this poore prouince ; who are only wayghtinge for yo'' speedy
releiff, or els we are a gon people, thus beggin y"" excuse for
my bouldnes ; I take leaue & remayne

Yo'' hon''' perpetuall seru'

Francis Hooke/
The people at great Island are now sending

a letter to Major Church for assistance for

they say he promised them to attend it as

soon as he heard from them they haue

been with me to sio;ne it but I am not free

before I here from yo"" Hon''*

Just now we see smoaks up in the Contery.



246 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

Letter from Robert Pike

Salsbuiy Jun : 14"' foure of clock afternoon
Much honr^'^

About an hour ago I received the inclosed from Mnj""
Vahan as I had the same account a little before from Capt
Sherburn concerning the exeter disaster with this farther
adision that because the enemy is in every hole (they being
so few) coold not send to give notis till it was night.

that the case is alredy very bad and like to be wors is
very aparent w' the Reson of thayr taking this method of
pceeding with vs I cannot Imagin

That the truce is brooken with great Isolency by them I
Dout not but that we & thay also ar very sensibl of : and
whether to Let them alone wilbe safe or honerabl for vs is
seriously and speedyly to be considered. I humbly ofi'er
the senc of some advised psons in the case viz : That an
Array be forthwith sent out against them that may follow
them to their quarters whearsoever thay go and make w*
spoyle thay can ; w'^'' Army may be competently abl to
aquit them selvs tho thay meet w*'' emys they may Justly
expect. Conducted by such faithfull and prudent Comanders
as we haue any power to vse such methods as Reson expe-
rence or information may Dictat to them by order of the
authority — and that a pty of hors should attend them to
carry suplys by Land and bring iuteligence and also som by
Sea to go to meett them with rclcof about Casco or if it
may be in your wisdoms thought most convenient and so
not to give it ouer while an Indian can be heard of in the
Country w*^'' by the blesing of god may give pspct of an Isu
within few months (if not weeks) or els that Som Course
be takn to strengthen our fronteir Towns that thay may be
inabled to Attend getting victils or all wilbe starved.

the only wise god dinx't your Councells in all these way-
tey concerns to a good Conclusion so prays

Your humble servant

liobt Pike/



OF THE STATE OF MAINE. 247

7 of clock Just as I was sealing vp came
in the post from Wells w*='' giues vs
cause to say that the lord is gracious
and that his mercy indures forever —
I humbly beg your speedy returne of
your pleasur in general.

Letter from iY. Saltonstall to May nice

Haverhil June 15 : 91 : at 12 in y*^ night.
Hon" Maj - Pike,

S"" This day about Sunsett came information by two men
that there is grounds to fear y* John Ro))ie is killd by y®
Euimie ab* 2 houres before sunsett, by hearing of a Gun &
y° Shreeks of his son he had w*"^ him in y' part of y° woods
ab* Bradleys where they formerly did mischief, In all y®
Inquirie we can make no certainty can be had to giue acco'
of; I have been looking out for to fitt for a full enquirie ; I
feare y'' Report is too true. Before day we hope to have
men out to know w* is y® truth. There will be good reason
foryo'' taking care for your securitie by good, strong watches,
& Scouts ; we were vpon it before this report come ; I look
for nothing but trouble ; & tho : this will not be pleasant,
give me leave to say y* I acco' it my duty to acquaint you
w"' it, were there no other reason but yo"" carefull informa-
tion given us, twice yesterda}'^ & once before y'' 11th instant,
for w'^ I give you most hearty thankes. The Lord guide &
preserve you, and encourage us All in a way of duty in the
use of suitable means, w'^'out w'' we cant ; expect his

blessing.

Sir I am

Yo - fr'J & Serv* N. Saltonstall/

[Superscribed] To Maj"' Robert Pike to
be exposed to y® view of Capt : Tho :
Harvey, & by him sent forward. To
Maj'" Pike in hast. Gentlemen & Fellow
Souldiers be faithfull.



248 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

Letter Thomas Doivns to Capt. Gerrish

June 15, 1691
Capt Gerrish Sir yasterday goeing out after the raine 3
of our men Goeing ouer the brook downe below the house
did discouer the track of the indans then went out 10 men
to see furder and they saw the tracts of 10 or 12 and one
tract within halfe shott of the garrason which we doe Judsf
itt was yesterday morning therefore Sir our Condition is
very bad and wee doe desire if posable may be to haue some
relife if not that some Speedy Care may be taken for to
draw vs of for wee suppose our selves to bee in eminant
danger —

Yours Thomas Downs/

Letter John Gerrish to Maj^ Vaughan.'

Cochecha. June 15"^ 1691



Majo'' Vaughan Sr. yo" I Receued & haue attended yo""
order & all is in Garrason except Timothy Hanson & fam-
ely & they will not Remoue, I haue sent unto y^ Upper Gar-
risson. & y® Inclosed was sent to me Dessiar yo*" pusall &
Indeuer to make our case knowne & if we cannot haue sud-
den help we Dessiar help for to Draw of for we are all Pened
vp in our Garrissons & all our Corn will be spoyled for we
cannot soe much as ventor out for to Look to our fences or
anythinge els & y^ Peopell is much afraid more then euer :
therfor Dessiar you to Doe w* you Can for us so Desiar :
god to Direct you & us in this wayty Concern. I shall

Rest yo" to Coiuand

John Gerrish/

Letter Major Vaughan to Major Pike.

Portsm". 16"> June 1691
Major Pike

& Much Hon'''^ have Nothinge new at presente Saue what
is Inclosed = an Lerne No Intelegens as yet aboute y® In_



OF THE STATE OF MAINE. 249

dyans, when Doe you shall here it, or what else oceures.
Mutch wonder Nothinge yet from Gouernor & Councill yet,
Nor no assistanse from Anny plase, till when, all y" ould
plases are shutt vp. Not Dareinge to venture oute to looke
after there ftences, So y' in a Littell all there ^Corne will be
Distroyed,

I am S"" Your Humble Seru" —

// W" Yaughan/
[Superscribed.] ffor oMajor Pike Hom-
bley present In Salsbury —



Letter from W^ Vaughan & Rich'^ Martyn

Portsm" June 17"' 1691 at 6 in the morn.
Much Hon""''

Yo""^ of 15"' Instant came just now to hand wherein you
are pleased to tell us of one hundred & fifty men you intend
to send for our releife, for w°'' care of us we render humble
& hearty thanks — never more need than now, for severall
of our Garrisso are alreadie broken up for want of help : as
Pliltons Garrisson at Excetor, & Holmes Garrison at New-
chawanick : & if help doe not speedily come : both Cap*
Gerrish & Herds Garrisons at Cochecho will also break up,
& we hear m"" Andrew Wiggins Garrason intend the like,
we are alarmed in every place, & none in any of our out
places durst goe from their Garrisons, if they doe they are
Either Kild or taken l)y the enemy : this morning I rec*^ an
acco' fi'om Capt More of Excetor y* yesterday there were
two men went to a house about half a mile out of Town, &
the owner of the house carried the Key of it with him, the
Key was found in y" dore of y* house but both of the men
carried away : major Pike also gives an acco' of w' the en-
emy hath done at Haverill & Amsbery : which are the
wounding of sundry persons there : the Enemy as we per-
ceive by their motion are resolved to starve us, by allarming



250 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

vs every where, & keeping us from attending our corn & by
Killing our ctittell, & it must needs be ruinous to us if our
people cannot attend their husbandry : we have no help from
Either Major Appleton or Major Saltinstall nor are we able
one Town to help another : we here the Enemy is come over
upon our neck of laud last night, surely we are very weak
& unable to defend ourselves, haveing not above sixty men
in this part of the Town : Hon'"'' S""* we are in an evill case,
& if God doe not incline yo"" hearts to send us speedy releife,
we can se nothing but ruin before us : The alarm mentioned
in our last, by sea was only the N : york men of warr : we
pray God to direct You to that w'^'' may be for Gods Glory
& the safety of his poor people. Remain
Much Hon'*^ yo'' humble Seru*^

//W^ Vaughan
Rich-^ Martyn/



Letter from Major Plhe to the Gov"^ & Council.

May it please y'' Hon"

Salsbury June 17. 1091, 12 or 1 : a clock
That the post may not be hindred I give your hone's the
trouble of the sight of wt day ly accears — only ad-ing that
Roby of Haverill is found brought home & yet Living
though barberously handled but his son not heard of: yes-
terday about : 7 : in the Afternoon your Honers to maj"^
Vahan came to my hand w'='' I presently Sent away but know
not the Content nor the Lest hint in the world of w' your
hours intend or advise (for w'^'' our people are much troubled)
and things Look very blak : many ways : I (never saw pcopl
in such a condision as now) Doct. Dole now tells that John
Roby is dead. I am now mouing (as before) that som of vs
may go & help our distressed neibours till we can hear w'
your hon''s will do : but I fear I shall give a lame acconipt
about it all things speaking such Discorridgment.



OF THE STATE OF MAINE. 251

yesterday 2 men takn awa}' at Exeter I Dread what a Day
may bring forth if not presently prevented : I hope your
hon""^ haue givn Maj' Valian some help of w'^'' we on way
or other may have som notis.

I haue had som thoughts about that pretenc of y^ enemy
at Wells of having nothing for the : 2 : captives brout in
ther w'^'' is falascous for though thay did at tirst speak of
paying for them to som Indians : yet after thay wear

brot in the Dept & m"" moody went aside with them & Left
vs to further Discours with the Indians : and among other
things we told them — we weare honest w*"" them & expected
the Like of them to vs and demanded of them w* thay payd
for the s^ Captive and thay sayd (no pay) of which dout not
but m'' Br & the other Gcntl. present ther can tell
that the only wise god may direct you in these wayty affayrs
is the prayer of your hou'* most humble servant

Eobt Pike/



Letter from the Gov^ & Council to Gov. Sloughter of

New York.

Hono»"° S-^

In our last of the 8"' of May past we acquainted yo"" Ex-
cept' of the Overtures made by the Indian Enemy upon dis-
course with them at Wells the V^ of the same month, they
then promising to returne all the Captives within twenty
dayes, and to make some proposal Is for an Accomodation to
be ofiered unto the consideration of their Majesties severall
Governments, and to forbear all Acts of Hostility until they
should have an answer, w"^" proposalls we intended on re-
ceipt thereof speedily to have communicated unto yo'^self ;
but their failing to appear or bring in the Captives as was
then promised gives just Suspicion that they intend further
Mischiefs, and are influenced by firench Counsells ; which



252 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

has put us upon a new Enforcem* of the out Garrisons and
keeping Rangers constantly on the heads of the frontiers to
observe their Motions and prevent Surprizalls : the effectual
subduing of this Treacherous Enemy is the best Security for
the future tranquility of their Maj"®* Subjects, there being
no trust to be reposed in them, further than Interest obliges.
It would be of advantage to us to understand whither yo^
Excel'^y do intend the present Setling of a Garrison at Pem-
aquid or elsewhere in the County of Cornwall ; and what
further Methods you may propose to be taken with reference
to the Indian Enemy. We have further to acquaint you
that the ffrench Privateer that lately visited Block Island,
has lyen upon the Coast and taken three small Vessells be-
longing to this Colony inward bound ; Viz* two from the
West Indies, and one from Connecticot ; Cap"^ Kid and
Cap"" Walkington in their passage from Road Island to this
place came in sight of the Privateer being before advised of
her, and as some English prisoners then on board say, neg-
lected a fair advantage to take her, and to have made them-
selves Masters of very considerable purchase, they reporting
her to be a Ship worth Tenn Thousand pounds or more.

At their arrival here, very fair proposals were made and
encouragment given to the s** two Captaines to be further
enforced with men to cruise some dayes for her ; but they
saw no reason to accept thereof, notwithstanding the pros-
pect of gaine so great as might have been sufficient to invite
thereto, besides the service it would have been to their Ma"®'
to have had such an Enemy suppressed. And we cannot
but remarke unto yo*" Exceb'^ the account we have of their
I)ehaviour at their departure especially of Cap"^ Walkington,
not oncly in entertaining and carrying away divers mens
Servants and Negros than ran from their Masters ; but also
in forceably takeing away men out of severall Merchant Ves-
sells and Coasters, and the abuse given to other of the In-
habitants who were passing in small Boats about their occa-



OF THE STATE OF MAINE. 253

sions, commanding them on board his Ship and f()i-ccal)ly
detaining and carrying away some of them from their homes
and iinployments, which is so intoleral)le that we cannot
but highly resent the same, and shall expect that he be
sharply an ima verted upon.

S"" Since the writing of the foregoing we received yours
dated at All)any wherein you are pleased to intimate unto
us the Attendance of the Maquas there and their answers
and resolutions to yo"" demands, Also to desire a perfect un-
derstanding of our proceedings with the Indians at the East-
ward ; We have in our former letters together with what is
now written advised you of w' has lately passed betwixt us
and them, and the engagem"'* they last made at Wells, in
w"'' they have failed and contrary thereto without any prov-
ocation given on the part of the English ; About a week
since (having as we are informed some ffrench w"' them)
perfidiously assaulted the Garrisons at Wells w"' a consider-
able strength, but they being enforced by a fresh party of
men sent from hence and providentially arriving there about
halfe an hour before the Assault, were inabled to make a
good defence, the Enemy dispersing themselves in small
party's, alarm'd divers other places in those parts at the
same time, and surprized and kild two or three men abroad
in the woods : this breach has put all former Overtures to
and End, And our present concern is to apply our Selves to
a vigorous prosecution of that treacherous Enemy ; The dis-
advantage of the woods and Rivers in the Eastern Country
has rendered our expeditions thither less succesfuU formerly
than otherwise they might have been th3 the number and
strength of the Enemy has thereby been consideral)ly weak-
ned and lessned and their losses greater than what we had
the present notice of, the Endeavouring to defend their
Ma"''' interests in those parts has drawn a vast charge upon
this Colony ; The renewed attempts of the Enemy in those



254 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

p'.irts and the annoyance given us by Sea with w* we may
j)robal)ly expect, necessitates those preparations to be made
for our owne and their defence and repelling the Enemy as
renders it impracticable for us to afford any aid for the West-
ern posts at present, having need rather to receive Assist-
ance from the neighbouring Colonies, the Enemy pressing
so hard upon us ; We are now equipping of a Ship of Warr
and another Vessell to cruise upon the Coast for defence
thereof and Securing of Navigation And raising forces to
prosecute the Indian Enemy w'^^ will require the taking off
so many men from their imployment at this Season of the
Year besides w* interruption may be given to others as will
render the necessary Occasions of Husbandry very difficult
to be carryed on. We are sorry our Affayres are so cir-
cumstanced, that we are incapacitated further to Answer
yo"" Exc''-^^ proposal, being as willing as ever to contribute
our utmost Assistance for the Service of their Ma"''" in any
of their Interests,

And are
Boston June 18''^ Hon*'i« gr

//1 691. yo"" ffriends and Servants

Signed, Simon Bradstreet Gov""
in y® name of y*" Council/



Letter Major Pike to the Gov^ & Council

may it please yo"" Hon"

Salsbury Jun 19 : 91 12 at night
yours of the 18 Instant dated & Subscribed by m'" Sewall
p order this day receiued about : 5 : of clock as also yours
to maj'' Vahan to w'='' I gaue present dispatch give your
honeys most humbl thanks for your Letter & the content
thereof w'^'' gave a litl Life to an almost dispayring peopl
Several portsmouth Gentlemen yesterday told me that your



OF THE STATE OF JIAINE. 255

former Letter to m"" Valuin he has so Improved as that there
is hope that several garrisons that were ready to go wool
stand yet a litl longer in hope of rcleef.

your honers will vnderstand by maj"" vahans & (Capt
Hooks) w'^'' for hast 1 sent your honers not having time to
write a coppy as by him desird.

I Lament the breaking vp of Cape JSTadik Garison I haue
spokn with Left Hunewcll and the rest of the men who say
thay will return againe if ralef Com into those parts.

I this night had an accopt of Leift Hunawell concerning
the wholle Attack of Wells on Saterday Last an accompt of
w'^'^ I shall indever your hour as soon as I can haue a time
orderly to take it from him only at present concerning the
number of y** enemy his aprahension was y' 150 w^as the
Least that coold rationally be thought for by report thay
had not Less then 50 or 60 aganst Storers garison 15 or 16 :
in the medows aganst the vesslls and thay in the other gari-
sons think ther wear not Less then 70 or 80 more and then
ther wear Som that Lay off from Storers garason that neuer
ingadged in fight and he beleeved that thay wear squos :
thay also told him that Moxe's or Dockawondo was ther but
he had forgot w''' but w°'^ ever it was he refused to treat with
any of y"" becaus thay wear not Sagemors ; but I shall not
farther troubl your honers — but only to consent with you
in this that I had rather be wronged by them then to break
one with them hoping the righteous god will take

the case into his owne hand to whom all tak leave

to subscrib yo"" Hon"^ most Humbl servant

Rob' Pike/



256 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

Letter from Francis Hooke to major Pike.

Kittery the 19, June 1691.
Hon"^ S'

This morninge I receiued information from York & Wells
as alsoe Newichwanocke each place gius an account that the
enymie constantly remayne about each of their towns and
are seen euery day ; and are constantly killinge and destroy-
insfe both fatt and lean cattell and it is taken for sfranted
without some speedy help corns that they will not leaue a
beast aliue in the whole prouince they haue kild noe one
since tewsday as I here of and that man was kild or caryed
away from Yorke and one house burnt, I haue alsoe infor-
mation that the Indians haue taken possession of the uper
garrison at Newitswanocke comonly caled Homes his garri-
son and there they keep, and we haue our garrisons soe
thinly raaned that we are not able to sally out after them,
therefore doe humbly request yo*" hon"" to signifye this unto
Major Aplton & Major Saltonston who haue a perticuler



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