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most affecting 3'" heart ; (as w" David & y^ People y' were
with him beheld Zeklag in ashes, & their Wiues & Children
carryed Captiues, lift up their uoice & wept, untill they had
no more power to weep. & saith Jeremiah, mine eye affect-
eth mine heart, because of all y'' daughters of my City.)
so y^ hearing y'' of hath questionless its impression. God
is still manifesting his displeasure against this Land, he
who formerly hath set to his hand to help us, doth euen
write bitter things against us. y*^ course of God's most sweet
& rich promises, & gracious prouidences may justly be in-
terrupted by y*^ sins of his People. We desire humbly (in
y" first place) to make our address to God (y** God of all
grace & mercy,) & nextly, to your honours who cannot but
be sensible of y*^ low condition, & eminent danger we are
in. we y'fore humbly intreat your honours to consider us, &
take some speedy course for our standing, y' y'' may be not
only a sufficient strength to keep Garrison, & defend y®
Towne, but also to issue out upon, t^ pursue y*^ enemy, to
their discouragen)ent, if not destruction, y' y"" may be also
a full supply, for haueing spent so long upon our own pro-



OF THE STATE OF xMAINE. 317

uision we are brought uery short, if some such course be
not taken we must of necessity draw off; & if it must come
to that, we entreat your honours assistance. This day two
Indians came into Wells with a flagg of truce, & said ; if y^
English will come to Saccadehoc (in a fortnights time,
three weeks y° out side,) they may redeem their Captiues.

y** Lord sit in counsel with your honours ; y" Lord set
his eyes upon us for good, & build us, & not pull us downe,
& plant us, & not pluck us up ; are y^ hearty prayers of

y : hon''^ : most humble Ser**
Wells ; Jan : 27"' George Burrough.

169i. y John Littlefield

Jona" Hammond
Joseph Storer
John Hill

We haue desired y^ Worshipfull Sam" Wheel-
wright, & m"" lirancis Littlefield to discourse
your honours.



Francis Hoohe to the Gover'nor & Council.

Kittery 28"»of Jan - 169i
May it pleas yo"" Hon""^

I take it for granted that yo'' hon""', before this time haue
had a pertickular account from Maior Vaughen & Cap* flood
of the dreadfull spoyle that the enemy hau don att Yorke,
therefore need not pertickularis what hath hapened, but in
ffenerall ther is 137 men wemen and children kild and
caryed away Captiue ; about 100 of them captiuated & are
gone eastward, but expect euery moment the retourne of
some of those enemys that were at Yorke or at least the
french & Indiens from the east who desighned to com
amongst us the last fall which I take for granted are not
yet com therefore we may dayly expect them ; & such ar



318 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

all our peopls feares io this poore distresed prouince, as
that they ar all upon the w'^inge if God in mercy doe not
touch yo"" hearts with a sens of our deplorable condition to
send present releiff neuer more need then now now pres-
ently or els we are a gon people if the enemy destroys us
not the people will be all gon & leau what they haue left
which is uery little indeed not worth they stay soe as to run
the hasard of theire liues, the good Lord sturr up yo'^ hearts
to doe somethinge for us imeadiatly : amongst the rest of
the slayne was that holy & good man y"^ reuerend M"^
Dumer, which I supose yo" haue an account of, but I men-
tion him the rather ; becaus it dos bespeak Gods dreadfull
displeasure agaynst us the first minister kild in all our warrs
throuout the contry that I hau herd of, all his familly
captiuated ; there is now in two garrisons at York aboue
200 souls and ar all ready to perish for want of releiff &
how to gett them away we cannot tell at present, I hope y
hon""' will be pleased to consider & send word what is to be
done, the last night aboue 100 guns heard up in the Con-
tery but doe not hear where it was l)ut expect euery mo-
ment if aliue I shall wright more at large to morrow by M""
Snell & in the intrim remayn

Yo"" hon"^" humble seru'

Francis Hooke
[Superscribed]
For the hon^'*^ Symon
Broadstreet Esq*^, and
gouern"" & his honorable
Councill of the Masacusets
Colloney thes

/present
hast post hast
For they re Maiestys
Seruis/



OF THE STATE OF MAINE. 319

Letter from Capt. Job Alcock.

Honored goufernor : and Councell gentellmen youre Sellfes
being the fathers of thes Comonwellth I Cold dou no les
then to giue you an a Compt of that vvhech I haue bin an P]ie
wetnes ton and that does moste afext the harte and the rem-
nante that is left are in a perishin Condition if not
there hus not bin a bouf 7 or 8 of ous that haue borne
the booden and we haue not had eny theng from the Contry
that nou it is time to yous all raenes that may be to get of
tho I Kannot se any way thay Kan get of without youre
oneres Send som fesselles for that end : I intend to stay till
I here from youre oneres and no longer I shall leue it to
youre oneres Consederation the Kas being so dangerovs as
it is and Sobskribe my sellfe your oners serfante.

Job Alcock

Yorck the 28 of Jen 1691



''Letter from Ens. J. Hill"

From Wells January y« 28"^ 169^

I haue thought It Nedful to giue your Honers An ac-
count of What souldjers I Haue here I haue therty Eight
here and doe Exspect Eight more euery day which neses-
ity forst me to send whome to Recrut I humbly desier your
Honers would bee plesed to send Cap' Conuers to this Town
with more men spedily for wee may Exspect the Enimy
euery day with Great force.

I liemane your Honers humble saruant to Command

John Hill

[Superscribed]

To

the Hone"^'* Gouerner

and Council In

Boston

g m"" Sam" Wheh-ight



320 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

Letter from Francis Hoohe.

Kittery Poynt, Jan"- 28, 1691
May it pleas yo'" hon''^

These are to Second what forinerl}' was sent gtickularly
from Maior Vaughon Cap* Flood and my self som of which
if not all I doul)t not hut is com to yo'' hands, all which
demonstrats the deplorable estate of our poore desollat
province but in ptickular Yorke which haue lost noe less
then 137 men wemen & children nere 100 captiuated of
them besids seuerall of them wounded & not one of them
like to escape their Hues three or fower of them beinge dead
all ready : — amongst the slayne that holy man of God the
reuerend M"" Duiner was one & all his familly captiuated.

The bearer M"" Snell is willinse to aduenture his life if he

I '

X

may haue liberty from yo'' hon''% to goe to redeem his freinds
and relations theare in the hands of the cruel 1 enemy in or-
der thearunto he is com to yo" one purpos pray God derect
for the best I shold rejoyce if there might be a way found
for to incoradge him — the dreadfull spoyle at Yorke haue
put such feares into the hearts of those few that ar yet re-
mayninge in this poore distressed prouince that they ai'e all
fittinge to remove hens nothinge will posibly stay them ;
exept speedy releif be sent from yo'' hon''" which I begg yo''
hor''* to hasten if not it will certaynly be to late ; there is
now two sloops at Wells which I supose will cary from
thence most of that towne & the rest com away by land
but this is only a report though I feare it will proue a truth,
if not preuented by yo'" hon'''* & soe it will be with this
towne ; & for York there is now in two garrisons aboue 100
soules which are all ready to perish without speedy releife
I hope the Lord will moue yo"" hearts to take pitty one
them speedilly : Just now from Wells I haue receiued an
account that yesterday last cam two Indicns with a flagg of
truse unto Lft Storrers Garrison theyre buisnes they pre-
tended was to know whether they woold redeem any cap-



OF THE STATE OF MAINE. 321

tius, if they woold they shold send to Sacodehocke where
they might haue what they pleased, Lft Storer did desyre
to know of them if they might not redeem som then they
sayd noe, for they were all gone as farr as blew-poynt : &
so departed, I am apt to think for all theire pretence that
y"" er'' to Wells was in expectation to fynde them secure
there ; as they had found Yorke : we are all in a dredfull
posture I must begg yo"" pardon for present defects & tak
leaue & remayn yo"" hon" huinbl seru'

Francis Hooke
Post scrip there is 47 buryed & 90 captiueted.



'■'' Instructions for Oap^^ Alden and Cap^^ Convers,

ffeb'-y 5\ 1691."
Gent"/

You being appointed to Negotiate the Affayre with the
Indians for the Redemption of our Captives, the well man-
agement whereof is of great concernm*. And th8 much must
be refer'd unto yo*" prudent care and good Conduct, yet in
general the following Instructions are Recommended unto
yo'" observance.

First It will be necessary that you Represent unto them
their baseness, treachery and barbarities practised in carry-
ing on of this warr, and y* contrary to the methods of
Christian or Civilized Nations, haveing alwaies declined a
fair pitch't battle acting like bears and wolves. And urge
upon them their falsehood and breach of promiss made in
their former Capitulations.

Let them also understand the Regard which their Ma"*^*
of England ifec. our Sovereigns have for their Territory and
good Subjects here, and their high Resentm* of y^ Spoyles
and mischiefes that have been perpetrated upon them by y*
Indians, and their Instigators and Supporters y*^ ffrench,
and that they may Expect their Ma"''' will sharply revenge

Doc. Vol. v. 21



322 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

it upon them, And notwithstanding the advantages they
have had upon the English partly occasioned thr8 their own
Security and want of Subjection to order by reason of our
unsettlement, vet now our Kinff is sendino; a Governo'' over
this Country of N. England with men and Ships of warr,
two great Ships being already arrived with stores and Sup-
plies, and they may expect a more vigorous prosecution to
to be made of y'' warr, and what the Issue thereof may be
on their side may be worthy of their consideration, It being
probable that y'' ffrench will be incapacitated to afford them
Succours most of y" Princes in Europe being joyned in a
confederacy against ffrance.

Endeavo"" to gain a certain knowledge of y® number and
names of y*^ Captives which shall be with them at or near y®
place of Treaty, And if you find any wanting especially of
those lately carried from Yorke, Examin that matter
strictly and urge it upon them that they have offered foule
play unto them and be not gulled by them in their reserve
of persons of the best accompt.

Insinuate unto them that we doubt not by the blessing of
God to oblige them to deliver our Captives without make-
ing Terms for them ; But the severity* of the weather are
such at this time that the fears of their being exposed by
cold and hunger (consisting mostly of women and Children)
induceth us out of meer pity and compassion unto them to
treat in this way for their Redemption, not that we intend
the practice thereof for the future.

You are to Insist upon the delivery of all the Captives
both formerly and lately fain into their hands especially all
those lately carried from Yorke, and do not easily depart
from that demand, urgeing upon them their promiss that they
should all be there to be ransomed ; Rut if finally you can-
not obtain the whole, then agree for all that shall be at the
place on the Easyest Terms you can. And oblige them by
writing under their hands with further Security of hostages,



OF THE STATE OF MAINE. 323

or else to return all the Rest at an appointed time and
place for a certain Sum.



Contribution recommended for the redemption of people in
the hands of barbarous and merciless Enemies.

By the Governour and Council
of their Ma'''^^ Colony of the
Massachusetts Bay./.
It haveing pleased the holy and Righteous God in his Sov-
ereign pleasure at several times to suffer many of their Ma"*^*
Liege People to fall into the hands of barbarous and merci-
less Enemies, and to be led away captive by them out of their
own Land, whose miseries and Sufferings bespeake })ity and
Succour. It's therefore Recomended unto the several Min-
isters throughout this Colony in their respective congrega-
tions to Excite their people to put on bowells of Compassion
and Christian Charity towards their Bretheren and neigh-
bours who are in such distress in the Enemies hands, and to
contribute towards their Redemption ; what shall be so col-
lected, to be paid in to Samuel Sewall Esq"" and Captain
Jeremiah Dumer by them to be imployed tor the Ends afores''
Boston, ffeb^'y. pr°
169L

= Js** Addington Secry./.



"Cap"« Hatche' Instructions fWij 10*^ 1691."
Cap^ Nath" Hatch

You are to take the first Opportunity of wind
and weather and saile with the Slooj) Mary
whereof you are Commander unto Sagadahock,
taking under yo"" convoy the Sloop of which
Nathauael Jewell is Master; and in yo' way



324 DOCUMENTARY HISTORr

to Sagadahock you are to call at Piscataqua
and take in Cap' James Convers who is appointed
with others to negotiate the Affaire of treating
with the Indians for the Redemption of the
Captives in their hands ; when 3'^ou come at Sag-
adahock and while you remaine there you are
to attend the Order of Cap"*" Jn° Alden and
Capt. Ja : Convers for the Security and defence
of themselves and of the other Vessell and men
during the Treaty and abode there ; and for their
safe comeing off, and conveying the other Ves-
sell as far homeward as Piscataqua. And haveing
gformed the same to make all possible dispatch
with yo'' vessell and men unto this Port. Be sure
that yo*" Vessell and men be alwaies well fixt and
in posture ot warr both for defence and Offence.
Boston Fel/y 10"^ 1691.



Instructions.

Instructions for Major Elisha Hutchinson
Command^' in Chiefe for the better Gov-
erning of the Forces under his Conduct.
Pursuant unto the Comission given you for y® chiefe
Command over all the Forces that are now actually in Ser-
vice and further Ordered to be raysed wnthin the Governm'
of the Massachusetts Bay, for their Ma"''^ Service against
their ffrench and Indian Enemies.

You are to take under your care and Conduct all the said
fforces and to lead order and dispose of them in such man-
ner and to such Posts as you shall apprehend best conduce-
ino; to their Ma""' Service for the defence of their Interests
and Sul)jects And by all advantages and opportunity' to
prosecute the said Comon Enemy.



OF TFIE STATE OF MAINE. 325

You arc to take care and order that the worship of God
be kept up in your several Company^ in daily prayers unto
the Lord of hosts both morning and Evening for his pres-
ence and blessing, and in the reading of his word, and
Sanctifying of his holy Sabbaths.

Let all wickedness prophane cursing Swearing, stealing
and other crimes be Suppressed and duely punished accord-
ing to the Rules and discipline of War, And see that your
Souldiers be well disciplined and instructed in the use of
Armes, And held strictly to their duty And take all effect-
ual care from time to time that they be Supplyed and pro-
vided of all necessary^

In case any of yo"^ Officers or Souldiers be unfit for Ser-
vice, prove mutinous, or for any other just cause deserving
the same, yo" are to cashier and discharge them, and place
others in their room.

You are to visit all the Frontiers, especially those on the
north of Merrimack and Eastward, and to State Settle di-
rect Order and dispose the Garrisons Inhabitants and Soul-
diers in each of the ffrontiers so as may best tend unto
their own Safety and defence and repelling of the Enemy :
And the Orders & directions by you so given are accord-
ingly to be observed & attended.

Consult and advise with yo'' Coinission Officers and some
of y® principal persons in the Towns and places where you
shall come, of the most proper Methods to be taken for
effecting of the Ends herein proposed as you haue opportu-
nity and y^ occasion will permit.

Lastly We commend you to God, praying
his blessing and Success to attend all yo'
undertaking.

Boston ffel/y 11° 169i.



326 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

Letter from W^ Vaughan to the Governor & Council.

Portsm° 22'! Fel/y 1691.

M'' Fra : Tucker of Gr' Hand taken captive at York came
hither yesterday in a Fishing shallop that put in to Sagade-
hock & came thence on Saturday Evening & Informs as
ffol Viz*

That y® Sloops arrived there on monday y*' day after they
Sail'd hence, & after a day or two's capitulation, agreed
upon the ransom of all y^ Captives & had receiv'd on board
y^ Sloops thirty Six w" they came away, the rest being dis-
pers'd at Some distance they were Sending for y"" in daily,
the Sh)()ps awaiting to get in w* possibly they could & may
not be Expected till the latter end of this week, their
agreem* was for Soe much p head w^'out respect to gsons
(but how much he knows not) as they were brought in
their masters carried y™ on board & there rec*^ their pay &
Soe niarch't off, There were 3 principal Sagamores Viz*
Maduckawando, Edgeremit & Moxis, his Master was Edger-
emitt Comand"' in cheif Ab' Kinibeck &c whose Inclination
(he S*'') he finds for a Cessation of Arms, That the number
of Ind"- Att York was noe lesse then two hundred able
Fighting men, who have been long abroad & whose design
was to meet w**^ o'" men in the Woods haveing been (as they
Say) advised by some of Sandy beach Captives that y*
Boston'*' were provideins: many Snow Shoes & Desi^n'd a
Considerable army out this winter to Disrest y"" at Some of
their head quarf^ w'^'^ has made y"" Very uneasy this winter
& this Comp'' has been long out ranging y® Woods to meet
w"' o""^ or their tracts, w^'' Failing of they fell upon York
that y'' Ind"' Say at y** fight at Macquait (where Cap* Sher-
bon was Kill'd) if o"" men had Staid ashore one hour h)nger
tlu'y w'' have left none alive, there being two hundred Ind"*
then [)' ^;' & 6^ near which they Say were gather'd together
from all along y Coast of Cape sables Expecting to meet
w*'' no ()[)osition but finding Su(;h a number of o"" men in y®



OF THE STATE OF MAINE. 327

Woods in their enemies country they were discouraged &
return'd for w'^'' they give them y*= Character of being noe
better the Squaws. That M""' Dumer died in ab' 10 dayes
after she was taken that 5 or 6 were kill'd in their march
most children that were unable to travel <fe soe burthensorae
to them. That they have Sent 2 captives away to Canada
to Salistie y*' french w*'' y* truth of this Exploit, they for-
merly not beleiving the Ind°^ report of w* Service they doe
ao:" us. That the Enemy wants noe Amunition, & that
they wond"" wee have not Sent all this Sumer for the re-
demption of o"" Captives Saying that wee may at any time
come w*'* a Flag of truce & be Assured of al Security.

Portsm° 22**^ Feb'-y 1691
May it Please yo"" Hon""^

This is onely to give covert to y*^ Inclosed Information
from y'" Sloops Eastw^, being willing To forw*^ : any thing of
a Publick nature 3^^^ Occurs here worthy yo*" Hon" Notice
I am

Much Hon'-'i

Yo"" : most humble Serv'

= W'" Vauirhan



Mequest of James Convers that Eberi^ Hills may he com-
missioned as Ensign, <&c.

To x" Hon"^ Gov'" & Councill sittino; in Boston

James Convers of Wobourne humbly moueth, y* foras-
much, as through some Illness of body I am Constreigned
to stay at hom a while to take phissick &c :

I abtained Ma]"" Hutchinsons Consent so to do, my L' vi :
John Wilson, was also willing provided he might have an
Ens to assist him in y^ Goverm* of y® Company, and I pro-
vided A meet person for y' servis, one Ebenezer Hills who
had formerly been A Serg* with me and behaved himselfe



328 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

very well, and since y' to Caiiadai in y*" like Capasety. If
your Hon""^ pleas to Allow me an Ens'* Comiss for him I
hope y^ will Carry on y'"" affaires sufficiently without nie for
a while otherwise 1 fear y^ L' will haue too much vpon his
hand, Considering y* he hath not (as yett) been acustomed
to such servis. I moued it to Maj' Hutchinson and he
aproved of it very well,

Also vpon y*' S'' Instant I receiued an order from your
Hon''' to take A Journey Eastw'' to viset y"" Maj*' Subjects
at York &c : y** which I attended. Cap*" Stephen Green-
leaf accompanying & assisting me in s*^ servis according to
order, & one young man to attend vpon vs, I payed for all
y® Exspences for y"" three horses which cost me twenty two
shilling & six pence, for ferriage, provissions & other Ex-
spences Cost me fifteen shillings, Cap*" Greenleaf Expended
but Eleven shillings, y* (I sopose) he will Informe your
Hon''^ of when he looks for his pay) I was Gone Just one
fortnight. It is worth twenty shillings for a Good hors
such a Journey — besids my own time pleas to say what
your Hon""^ will allow me, and an order to receiue it. & I
remaine 3'our hon"^' Humble Serv*
fleb 22"^^ 169i Ja : Con vers

1-02-6

0-15-0

1-00-0

3-00-0



5-17-6



Letter' to Gov^ II. Slougliter of Neiv York.

Hono'^'^ S'

I was glad by the Receipt of yo" of the 20*"*
Instant to understand you were safely arrived.
And am heartily greived to hear of the Mischief



OF THE STATE OF MAINE. 329

hapniiig at New Yorke just before. Not doubt-
ing but such Measures have been since taken
by yo'" prudent Conduct, as have ere this dis-
posed the Affaires of that Citty in a perfect
Settlement.

Rendring you thanks for the kind expression
of your Intentions to maintaine a good Under-
standing at all times, and joint defence in the
present War with the ffrench, to which shall
willingly contribute my utmost. 1 have noth-
ing at present worthy yo"" Remarke : It having
pleased God for severall months now past to
give us quiet from the Annoyance of the Enemy
both ffrench and Indians ; the Indians some time
since sollicited a Peace and seem still desirous
of the same, a Truce was agreed upon until the
first of May next and possibly there may be a
Consent to enlarge the time thereof, but they
are so perfidious a People, and have so basely
began a Warr, and barbarously murthered the
English, that it will l)e hard for them to offer
such Terms of peace as may be just and
bono'"'* to accept of, besides [there is no]
Confidence to be reposed in their promises that
it is necessary notwithstanding to make suit-
able provision for our defence ag"^ their assaults,
and likewise ag' any Invasion by the ffrench ;
which I shall strenuously Intend.

I shall take care to Answer yo*" desire in the stay
of the Ships bound for London, during the time
proposed, And as anything shall Occur for their
Maj'"'" service shall give advice thereof.
Boston. March 30'"

1691 S - Yo - humble Servant.



330 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

Petition of John Hammond

To the HoDo'^ : Govorn''. & Council sittins
in Boston
The Hvimble petition of John Hammond
Sheweth That yo'' Petition'^ being in Commission as Cornet
of the Troop under the Command of Cap* : Tho.
Prentice, hath need of & (if he be not mistaken)
is allowed by the Custom & Law of Arms, a
man to attend him on all occasions when Called
forth to Service, in the discharsfe of his said
Commission. For w*^'' cause yo'' Petition'' did for
som moneths past, present his Sonn John Ham-
mond to Cap* Prentice, to serve under him in
that Capacity in this Troop, who readily ac-
cepted & Listed him accordingly, yo'' Petition'
having, not without considerable charge, Com-
pleatly fitted him a good Horse & all Arms meet
& proper for that Service. Notwithstanding
w''^ the Militia of Watertown have lately Im-
pressed 3'o'' Petition" said Son, to Serve as a
foot Souldier in the Expedition against the En-
emy to the Eastw^ard, to the great damage of
yo' Petition' & his Son, who is of a tender &
weakly Constitution, unaccustomed to travail
much on foot, & very unable to undergo the
diflSculties & Hardships attending foot service
in those remote parts, wheras he is in Some
measure well acquainted w*^ the management of
a Horse, in w'='' Service both yo' Petition' & his
Son shalbe alwayes ready to serve their Maj""
in the defence of this their Country to the utter-
most of their power. Yo' Petition' having
alwayes carefully maintained a Horse or Horses
free from the Cholar, in good heart & spirits for
that end. And having applyed himself to the



OF THE STATE OF MAINE. 331

Militia of the Town for Redress in this matter,



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