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his Maty' Enemys, have taken several French Fishing Ves-
sells on the Banks of Newfoundland and brought them into
this Goverm*, and there .being no Judge of the Admiralty
appointed and Comissionated wnthin the same I have been
prevailed with upon due proofe made to declare them Prizes.
It beino- thought of absolute Necessity for his Ma*^^ Service,
and would otherwise have greatly discouraged the same and
occasioned a great many Seamen to have left the Province,
could they not have had their Shares of y*" Prizes by y"*
taken which might have been of ill consequence, 1 have pro-
ceeded according to the directions in the Act of Parliam*
and taken effectual care for Securing the parts or Shares of
y" proceeds of such Prize Goods belonging to his Ma*^
which is ready to be made good unto whom his Ma'^ shall
a[)point. I should be sorry to incur his Majtys displeasure
for my Sincere intentions therein for his Service not with
designe of particular Advantage or assuming of a power
not vested in me by his Ma'^" Royal Comission. I have
had y* opinion of y'' Council here y' it was advisable for his
Ma'y* service, In which I pray yo' Lord^^ Favour. It seems
highly necessary R' Hon''''' that there be a Judge of y*-* Ad-
miralty Comissionat*^ for this his Ma'^''* Province.

I humbly begg yo'' Lord^'" pardon for the trouble of these
tedious lines wherein I have Endeavoured to lay before his
Ma*y & yo'' LordP' as briefly as I well could a plain Narra-



OF THE STATE OF MAINE. 455

tive of the late passages of moment relating to his Maj'^*
Service beseeching yo'' Lord^' Favour in countenanceing the
humble Address and applications njade unto his Ma'^ by his
poor distressed Subjects within this (iovernm* That they
may receive a Gracious Answer to the same.

I crave leave further to observe unto yo"" Lord^^^ That
whereas y'' Nari-ative given in by some of y"" late Garrison
at Pemaquid Fort, It's said that the Wall in one of the
Flankers was defective haveing been prop't up all winter
and began to tumble down upon fireing the [guns] That
stood thereon. I never was advised by the Cap"" or any
others of any such defect which should have been timely
cared for, and have Examin*^ Several others of the Souldiers
thereal)out who deny the same; and say the wall was good
and did not give way upon useing of their Guns.



Letter from Vincent Bigot to Creorge Tiirfrey
[Translation.]

Vincent Bigot of the Society of Jesus to the Most friendly

Person George Turfrey,

Sendeth Greeting

What is the matter most friendly George that now for a
long time we have not reed the Least Line from you in
answer to ours. Certainly there is some reason, as I
supose ; or if there be none, it is a great fault in you than
which nothing hath befallen me more contrary to my Ex-
pectation, a long time. I prethee do you think is it fair
and friendly not to return an Answer ; and so to cause your
friend to pine away w'" longing for your Letters. If any
thing had been written by us somwhat harshly ; I should
have thought that you had revenged our ungenteelness with
your Silence. But neither would this have justified your
not returning an answer. For thus I think with my self.



456 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY

Certainly he would have courteously expostulated with me,
if I had any way offended him : and then I should willingly
and Easily have cleared my self. But 1 am well assured
that whatsoever I writt to you it was written most kindly,
by which you might see our most ready inclinations to you.
Indeed I am not ignorant wherein the civilities of friends
consists in writing to one another or in contending about
Religion in a friendly way. If I did affirm that the Princi-
ples of your Religion were altogether idle ; I do stand to it
and will evince that you might see by my writing, I did it
not out of anger. My George, believe me. This One thing
I aim at in writing, Warning, Chiding ; that you ma}' be
sensible of the vanity of your Religion, that so you may
look out and take care of yourself. For you are Undone
unless you take care of your Salvation ; which if it were
possible I would willingly secure to you with my blood.
Neither may you imagine that I write these things by
chance, or upon some sudden fancy. What I speak is of
set purpose, so that nothing could prevail with me to change
my mind. But hearken most courteous George to what I
am about to say to thee. I did and do still very much
wonder at what I lately heard of a certain Indian ; viz. that
the Earl of Bellomont earnestly desires to get us into his
hands ; so as to hire the Indians themselves wMth a great
Reward that they would effect it ; and that he gives out
that if he once take me, that I shall not go away Scot-free
but that he will thrust us into a most loathsom Prison,
where we sh^nt see a glims of Light at Noon-day ; and that
he will keep us there at his pleasure by the space of six
whole years ; and then take order for our transportation to
Enirland. But when a certan Indian that heard this, re-
plied that the Earl of Bellomont went about a business that
was odious to the Indians as well as to the French, He
added that the Earl of Bellomont indeed desired the Friend-
ship of the Indians l)ut was not very thoughtfuU al)out the



OF THE STATE OF MAINE. 457

French whether they were friends or foes. I have notwritt
this in my own, but in the very words of him that related
it to me. I call to witness that holy and inviolated Faith
& Credit amon^ all Nations mutually one towards another,
unless happily it be banished from you, how barbarous this
Design ! With the good Leave of the most illustrious Earl
I would say, that He would not thus Speak, if He would a
little recollect, and come to himself, and weigh what a man-
ner of thing it is in a time of Peace to deal Cruelly and
rigidly with an ingenuous people that love & cherish Peace
being innocent and uncondenmed. But whence is this I
beseech you, that He should have so much hatred and Mal-
ice against us as not to be able to hide it. For certain, as
to me reasoning with my self, and viewing things with the
greatest heedfullness, Nothing occurs whereby we might
deserve this Animadversion w*^*^ he would exercise towards
us. But this He has effected by his Threats even to atford
me the most pleasant Remembrances of my Conscience.
For I remember how industriously I behaved my self, that
I might save man}^ English from death, which I also ob-
tained : Others I brought to French mens Houses : And
such as 1 could not do this for, living here as I doe, the}''
are not ignorant how great my care was to do them good,
helping of them with my small estate comforting them,
getting some Supings for the Sick, asswaging y'' misery,
and easing their mind one way or other. This they them-
selves I supose will not disown that there was no duty of
ours lacking to them : I might rather say, that 1 had a ready
mind to do them good. But I am ashamd to cast this in
your teeth, my George, as if it repented me of my good
deeds. Yet they have more need to be ashamd, who by
their unmercifuUness and Inhumanity compel us to do so.
I beseech you, what could I doe more fully to oblige all y®
English to me, if they had any thing of a thankfull mind.
Are these the incentives of so uugenteel a Hatred against



458 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

US? If we have procured so Unmercifull an Inclination
against us by loving the English, cherishing, helping, com-
forting, truly pitying them : if we had evil entreated them
not much regarding how the wretches pined away with grief
& Miser}'^, how they destroyd themselves with continual
Cares and by themselves bemoan their own misfortune.
We Speak what I think ; Surely I think no less than that
things are otherwise circumstanced with you, than any
where else in any other place : and that which elsewhere is
accounted the chief Benefit ; is with you accounted an ill
Turn, and so taken as an Injury & Reproach. Truly upon
this head I am very freely willing to be hated by you ; and
I should chuse nothing rather than that the Earl of Bello-
mont should know that we are not the men that should be
stricken with a sluooigh fear althS we should have fallen
into his hands, forasmuch as we are innocent, and have a
good Conscience. If that should hapen I would comfort
my self with this hope ; that hereafter I and the Earl of
Bellomont shall have the same Judge, which will give unto
every one according to his Works ; and therefore unto hinj,
if he should have ventured to deal any thing harshly or un-
mercifully by us, unto whom it would more have becomd
him to have given Thanks. For happy Avere we, if that
only befell us w'^'' befell our brethren who it is certain only
upon the account of Religion y' was hateful to you, were
hangd and slain with all maiicr of punishments : and not
being at all aflVightcd with the death of their Brethren, suc-
ceeded one another as heirs of their Labors and Death.
Neither do we complain of their being made away, but
rather envy them their Lot, accounting it a great Honor if
so great a good should befall us, being ready to render iin-
ortal Thanks to the Earl of Bellomont, and to beseech God
with our daily prayers, for his return to our most holy Re-
ligion. By this one thing he may certainly know that we
love him, concern in<>- whom he talks so vainly that we hate



OF THE STATE OF MAINE. 459

him. I know well enough and will maintain it, that no suf-
ficient cause can be produced by the most illustrious Earl,
for which he should hate us. But what can one doe to that
man that has a mind to hate one for nothing. Be sure tho
he hate, he shall not get this by' his hatred of us, that we
should hate him again. He shall not gain it I say, as I
supose. Yea our Love towards him and you shall increase
daily. We will conquer & overcome Hatred with Love.
It is a sure and ruld case that a man in publick place, as is
fit, and is in vogue not only for his Nobility but also for his
Warlike Valor, should very much value himself upon his
Honor. And when I recount that these chief Ornaments
belong to the Earl of Bellomont I can hardly imaojn that
he should have so unpleasing & unmercifull desii>n airainst
us. I mean that he never of his own accord contrived,
whose innate Civility joined with his Nobility I know. I
am well acquainted with the guise of Tale-bearers who so
greatly hate our Country-men, that they C£int contain them-
selves but they must do them some jNIischief, & y* at una-
wares. I say, the Hatred of Back-biters is inveterat, and
they have been accustomed to hate our Country-men, who
for the restoring of them to the Catholick Religion did lay
out themselves in England many years agoe, and their La-
bor & life ; Bestowing their Endeavours to the Catholics
privatly & under a disguised habit : Not at all shunning
death, l)ut suposing they should do rashly, if crouding
themselvs upon death, they should anticipat the time fore-
ordained them of God, and by an untimely death have with-
drawn their small Endeavour how little soever from the
Catholicks : Therein following the Example of the Apostles
& others of the holiest of Men ; who were not at all ashamd
to abscond & conceal themselvs, when the affairs of Chris-
tianity required it. Out of all doubt we are become Odi-
ous to them upon no other Account. For certain they
mistake themselvs, and are unacquainted with us, if they



460 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

supose that we shall be frightened from our undertakuig by
theese Odiums. We will not give over to reprove, chide,
in friendly maner call upon you, that you speedily remand
& banish from your Coasts that Religion which hath im-
ported so many Monsters of Religion into your Country of
England. It doth appear, and will be manifest to after
Ages ot what profligat manners those men were, that were
the authors of that Religion : that so at length you may
give place to Truth, being so often convinced of the vanity
and folly of your Religion. He that shall deny the Truth
of what I sa}', he is unacquainted with what has passd in
our Times. Hearken a little I say, most dear George ; I
speak of the most famous things that have been done in
France & England. In France how often have the most
learned champions of your Religion been convicted that
they profess & teach a false Religion ; insomuch that some
of them there have been driven ingenuously to acknowledge
their Conviction ; and having ownd the Catholick to be the
True Religion, have heartily embraced it and having thus
embraced it, have defended it by publick Writings. Oth-
ers much more Unhappy refused the Sincere Light of the
Truth which shine d upon them ; postponing the Loss of
their Soul to dishonoural)le Gains, making a foolish Excuse
that if they should yield the acknowledged Truth they
should be Undone with their family, Wives & Children for
whom by their Ministry they provided the Suports of Life.
Also in your Enghmd, we are not ignorant that your
Ministers were often convinced by the Catholicks ; yea that
the whole Rout of your Ministers has been once & again
conquered by one single Catholick. I will Instance one.
One Parsons not unknown to you shall be in stead of all
(except you are altogether ignorant of things transacted
among you) whom a glorious death undergon by the hatred
of our Religion, enroll'd him in Heaven. For what should
your Ministers doe, when they saw their ignorance openly



OF THE STATE OF MAINE. 461

exposed by a publick dispute with Parsons about Religion?
What shoukl they doe I say, not being able to endure their
Disgrace & Reproach?

They reckond they should be contemned by all ; unless
by renewing the Combat they did overcome him by whom
they had been basely foiled. They goe to Elisabeth and
petition. Was ever any more Unworthy Action done !
They starve the man with long hunger, supposing they
should not find him a very difiicult Enemy, that he would
hardly be able to speak with any Sense or Coherence, be-
ing; enfeebled with long hunaer,

A Day is set for the New Encounter. Both the Nobles &
comon people With great Eagerness flock to the place as-
signed for the Dispute. After they were set. Persons is
brought forth pined away with hunger and Leanness, and is
placed upon a low Bench thwackd with a great parcell of
the Ministers books. You may see the Contest was man-
aged very Unequally ; viz. That one single man should
encounter Many Men ; One naked man an armed Multi-
tude. In the first place for fear the Dispute should never
come to an End, this Rule was established by the Peers ;
That whom they should pronounce Overcome : It should
not be at all Denied. They go to it. One Antagonist after
another sets upon Persons, and is as easily overcome by
him. Inasmuch as the Truth of our Most holy Religion in
this weak dwarf pined with long Continued hunger, was not
Weak ! Inasmuch as it stands in no need of humane help
for its own defence ! What needs many words, lie be
above board, and declare plainly what was done in your
Country of England in the Open Light.

At last it came to this, The principal men grudging at it,
and openly Complaining of the indignity ofiered them by
their Ministers in setting a false gloss upon Religion : the
ministers were forcd to provide for their safety by flight :
And hardly so did they escape the assaults of the inraged



462 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

Multitude, ^vho in like maner clamoril that they were
Mock'd by their Ministers. In truth I think those Minis-
ters of yours were very much to be pitied ! The same Per-
sons whom they dreaded as the Enemy of their false Re-
ligion ; which they defended, and he oposed in his health
and vigor ; they find him an Antagonist not a whit weak-
end, when debilitated by long continued hunger. So that
their most wicked Tricks did nothing avail them. Nay,
they were so far from gaining the victory that they were
Cock-sure of, as also their Honor shaken in the first En-
counter, the Loss of which they hoped to have repaird in
this new Dispute, they Utterly lost; having much adoe to
escape with their Lives.

Look ye, most dear George, and diligently weigh with
your self. I assert, and will evince, that almost all the
Learned and sound Men amongst you do throughly see
the Errors of your Religion ; that you may not think I
write all this to you out of Ingorance & Imprudence. How
long yet it shall it be before you take care of your Salva-
tion? How lono; will you cheat yourselves, or however
suffer your selvs to be Cheated with the silly forgery of
your most Vain Religion? I pity thee, and thy people,
most friendly George ; and there is nothing that I desire
more than that you would at length unlearn your Errors,
and embrace that one only most uncorrupt Catholick Re-
ligion ; which for so long a time did most holily flourish in
England, as I have now written to thee, which is yet also
there most holily observed ; which hath brought forth so
many most sacred Kings for Heaven, so many most valiant
Martyrs. Except perchance you excell these (Oh imortal
God, how Great Men) in Judgment & Prudence. You
should have more regard to these the Uprightest of men,
your own Countrymen ; and not to those filthy Varlets
which have cheated you with a most foppish Religion.

The day I think will fail me before I make an end ot
writing. But you will say, To what purpose is all this?



OF THE STATE OF MAINE. 463

Did you manage this affair? What is become of the Earl of
Bellomont, how did he get away from you?

My most courteous George, I my self scarce well know
from whence, which way, and in what manner I am come to
this place, being unmindfull of my first Design. Sure by
this you may plainly discern two things ; first how Unangry,
yea how friendly an adversary the Earl of Bellomont has :
the other is. How vehemently I desire that you would study
the Catholick Religion. But I must dispatch, I return to
your most Illustrious Earl, whom be sure I Love & honour
with my whole heart ; and to whom I believe it is not nat-
ural to think or speak so harshly and unmercifully of us.
That He doth under the severest penalties forbid the Eng-
lish furnishing us Avith provisions ; no great hurt or trouble
accrues to us thereby. 'Tis twenty year & more that I
liv'd among the Indians, without any lack of your diet. If
indeed we have among them lead a life hard and sorrowfull
enough be sure it was voluntary ; we were not brought to it
by the force of any person. Unless the love of Christ,
which always puts us forward, have constrained us. More-
over the Earl of Bellomont efi'ects nothing by all this ; Will
he, nill he, so far as I can conjecture, your provisions will
be brought to me. Unless perhaps he should bring you
to this, that no provisions at all should be bought of you
by the Indians. For certain, in my opinion it had been
more mild, if he had warned us in an amicable manner, or
caused us to be warned. We could have cleared our selves
with a wet finger; and have taken away all suspicion out of
bis mind concerning us. But let this suffice. My George
I embrace thee with all my heart, most friendly of men.
Farewell, and always love me. In the Village called An-
messoukkanti, the fifth of October.

[The four and twentieth of September, in the Julian
Account]



4(U D0CU3IENTARY HISTORY

Letter to Sir Henry Ashiirst from Isaac Addinyton, Sejjt. 29,

1696.



Hoii^'i^ S^



I have the Honour of yo'^ of the IS"" January
past wherein I observe the Expressions of yo"^
Honours undeserved Kespect and reguard to a
pe rson so inconsiderable in yo^' care and En-
deavours to supersede the Solh'citations of those
that have Emulated his Ma'^^ Favour towards me
in my present Station ; who would find them-
selves disappointed of their Expectations of any
great Advantage thereby : The People of this
Province what by the Calamitys of the War
and the failing of the harvest both the last year
and this are reduced to great wants and difficul-
tys and unable to bear up under the insupport-
able burthen of their publick Taxes for the
Support of the Governm* and the prosecution of
the War against a growing powerful Enemy ;
who have made very deep impressions upon his
Matys Interests here this Sumer in the takeing
of his Ma*y' Frigatt the Newport Galley and the
Fort at Pemaquid ; which is humbly Repre-
sented in the Address of the General Assembly
and the particular acco* thereof in the L*^ Gov-
erno""^ Letter To the Right Hon'''« the Lords of
his Ma'y^ most hon'^^'' Privy Council Besides the
Rapines and Murders comitted by Sculking par-
tys of the barbarous bloody Salvages, with the
State of the Aflayrs of the Province, all which
will fall under y°'' Honours observance comcing
under cover to yo'^selfe, Also the publick Let-
ters from y« Governm' direct"^ unto yo'' Honour
and m"" Phi})ps, and m'' Benj'' Jackson w"^ several
other worthy Gent" that come passengers in



OF THE STATE OF MAINE. 465

this Fleet will fully and particuliirly In forme
you of our present circumstances, to which I
must pray you to be referred. I have here in-
closed v^ Acts and Laws which were made the

ft/

Last year at the four several Sittings of the
General Assembly, and at their tirst Session in
May this year, they being now again Sitting and
have under consideration the Laws lately re-
pealed with the Reasons thereof given by their
Lord"" in order to amendm*\ I have not to add,
but my thankful acknowledgm*^ of yo"" many
Favours, and to give you y^ assurance of my
inclinations to Serve 3'ou craveing leave to Sub-
scribe myselfe

Hon'"<^ S'-
yo'' Honours

much obliged and thankful
Boston, Sep - 29° 1696. Serv'

I: A.



Letter from Barth. Giedney

Ipsw". octob*'^ 1696
Hon'^able

Sr Craving pardon for my Truanting I make bold
to transmitt the Inclosed wherein you will observe the wick-
ednes of Chub the guilt whereof made him uncapable of
doing y^ part of a good Coiiiander & we have felt Heavens
Rebuke for It but how to Remove the Scandall is very diffi-
cult Its horrible that the Indians shold have the Advantaafe
of taxing us with soe high a transgretion I pray God di-
rect yo*" hon'' soe to dispose the matter that the guillt may
not Lie upon the Gov''m'^ but y* Chub may bear the burden
of his Iniquity & the heathen should know that we Abhorr

Doc. Vol. v. 30



466 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

such things : Joii. Gutch is out with majo"" Church, I Can
not find wheiir Jams Tailer is but the Rest are to be found
here not Els at present but subscribe myself

Yo-" Hon"^^ Humble Serv" Barth° Gedney

Sacoe fals fort Mary No"""^ y« 12 1696
An please your Hon"" after due Respects I would Humbly
Tntreat your Hon"" would Grant me Liberty to Com to bos-
ton to make up my accounts with y'' Com*"^ y*" next month
If your Hon"" Please will be as Little dainger as any Time.
Haueing no news to Inform your Hon'' of I Remain your
Hon""" humble Saruant At Com"^'



John Hill



Superscribed,

To

The Rt Hon'^i^

Will"' Stoughton

Leuit Gou"' and

Com*^-^ In Cheif

for his Maj"' seruice



Petition of Ah'''' Cock

To the Right Hon^"' W" Stoughton Esq'' L" Governo''
and Comand'' in cheife in and over his Maj"®^ Province of
the Massachusetts Bay in New England, with the honored
Council and Representatives thereof now assembled in
Gen''" Court held att Boston by adjournem' Novemb' 18'"
1696

The Petition of Abraham Cock
Hum))ly Sheweth

That yo'' Petition'' about a yeare a goe att Pemaquid Sort
und'' the Command of Cap" John March, as he (with others
was goeing to fetch wood for the use of the fort, was way
layd by Indians from whome yo'' Petition"" received a Shott



OF THE STATE OF MAINE. 467

in his left arme, w*='' by reason thereof was Cutt of from his
body. That for the Space of Six months past yo"" petition""
has beene a Souldier att y® Castle, butt by reason of the
Coldness of y*^ Season and the tenderness of his body by
the Loss of his arme, he is wholey rendred uncapable of
gforming any the souidiers worke there incumbent on y™ as
also of doeing any thing whereby to procure a livelyhood
for his Subsistence : being destitute of a Calling, besides he
is in continuall feare that the Stump of his healed Arme
will breake out a^aine to his greate Sorrow.

Yo'" Poore petition'' therefore humbly prayes and
Entreates, That this high and hono*"*^ Court will
please to take his distressed condition into Con-
sideration soe as that he may either have Some
annuall pension settled on him for terme of Life,
or else such a Summe of mony as may compen-
sate the Loss of his Arme (as in yo'' wisdom's



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