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Townsend--Townshend, 1066-1909: the history, genealogy and alliances of the English and American house of Townsend online

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Towns EN D-TowNSH END

1066-1909



The History, Genealogy and Alliances

of
The English and American House of Townsend



COMPILED BY

James C. Townsend, 1865; Hon. Martin I. Townsend,
1871; Charles Hervey Townshend, 1875; a Pam-
phlet by Hon. Isaac Townsend Smith, 1904, now



NEWLY COMPILED

REVISED AND ILLUSTRATED

By

Margaret Townsend

(Mdme. Giovanni Tagliapietra)



NEW YORK

1909







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CONTENTS

PACE

3



PrSTT-Th; T;;n;h;ndFam;iy of'l^nn.n oid";nd "nVw" E„gi;;d;" 'by Charles Hervey



5



Townshend 7

Introduction j i

The Townshend Family • " • • 22

The Marriage of Lady Audrey Townshend at Raynham Hall ^^

Descendants of Jeremiah Townsend ^^

Descendants of Ebenezer Townsend •••■ ••

Extracts from "The Descendants of Martin Townsend, of Watertown, Mass. •••:•••_ , «

Smpid from Material Furn.shed by Hon. Henry C. Townsend. of Phdadelph.a, Pa., and

Richard Hallet Townsend, of Baltimore, Md

The Testimony of Richard Townsend... ^g _

Richard Townshend, Councilor of Virginia ,

Compiled from Early Colonial Records of Massachusetts • • • ■^■■■- ^

Compiled from Material Furnished by Hon. Martin I. Townsend, Troy, N. Y 4^

Addenda ■ -o

Preface to "Memorial of the Townsend Brothers

A Memorial V^'-'," ' ■,'^' '.' 68

Townsend Genealogy, Chapter I, John, Henry and Richard Townsend ■ • • • ^



Lnapter 11, jumi luwii^c.iu , ., . , ^ j 71

Chapter HI, John Sen., Son of John ist. Ancestor of Jericho T°wnsends. . . . ... 7

Chapter V, Thomas, Son of John ist. Ancestor of the Jones and Floyd-Jones Families . . .... 78

Chap r V Elizabeth, Daughter of John ist. Ancestress of the Mill River Hollow Wrights. . . 81
Chapter VI, James, Son of John ist. Ancestor of the Westchester Townsends, the Wilhs Fam-

ily of Cedar Swamp, and the Hewletts of East Woods. •• ••••■••••• •p;-.'

Chapter VII, George, Son of John ist, Ancestor of the Cocks of Matmecock, the Duck Pond, ^

Norwich, and Yellow Coat Townsends

Chapter VIII, Daniel, Son of John ist ^^

cl7Z fnZ' sin of Henry ;;t: Xn;e;;or 'of 0;;nge Comity aiid Albany' To-" - ;- • ;■ ^

Chapter XI, John, Son of Henry ist. Ancestor of the Mill Townsends and one Branch of ^^

ChaSr Xn:i;:ry'^::;::e;of H;n;; .;,' An;est;ess- of' the Du^k Pond" To^n^end.' Co^ks ^^^

cha:i^xSt:;:SnSt :; S::::y .;: An^st;.;- of -the mh. Rivern;..;; wHghis: : : : lo.

Chapter XIV, Robert. Son of Henry ist ^^^

Chapter XV, Richard Townsend • ■ • ■ ••■■••••„• ■, ' ,„,

Chapter XVI, John, Son of Richard ist. Ancestor of Cape May Townsends. . . '^^ ■■■;■■■ ^

Chapter XVII, Richard, Son of Richard ist. Ancestor of the North Side and one Branch of ^^

Cedar Swamp Townsends •

A Short History of the English Townsends, by Martin I. Townsend. J

The Underbill and Townsend Families, by Hon. Isaac Townsend Smith i '5

Broken and Untraced Branches ^^^

Addenda



ILLUSTRATIONS

I'AGE

"Kaynham Hall," the Seat of the Marquis Townbheiid Frontispiece

Captain Charles Hervey Townshend 5

The King and His Ministers '5

John, 4th Marquis Townshend of Raynham; Elizabeth Jane Stuart, 4th Marchioness Towns-
hend of Raynham ; Lady Audrey Jane Charlotte Buller; General Sir Redvers Buller 20

John Villiers Stuart, 5th Marquis Townshend of Raynham; Lady Anne Elizabeth Clementine
Duff, 5th Marchioness Townsend of Raynhahani; Lord James John Dudley Stuart, 6th

Marquis Townshend 22

Edward Sands Townsend ; Frank G. Curtis ; Benjamin Townsend 28

"Raynham," Overbrook Penn., Seat of Joseph Brevitt Townsend, Jr 44

Margaret Townsend (Madame Giovanni Tagliapietra) 49

"Little Raynham," the Old Seat of Soloman Townsend, Oyster Bay, L. 1 68

Adolph Herrman Lothair Gosling; Mrs. Adolph Herrman Lothair Gosling; Eleanor Frances

Charlotte Gosling 89

Mrs. Foxhall P. Keene; Mrs. Frank Thomas Woodbury; Bradley Martin; Frederick Towns-
end Martin 9^

Isaac Townsend ; Audrey Townsend Sackett ; James Bliss Townsend 98

Jacob Townsend ; Rev. Israel Leander Townsend ; George W. Townsend 102

John Richard Townsend; Mrs. John Richard Townsend; Hon. John Drake Townsend 107

John Richard Townsend 108

Isaac Townsend Smith "6



A FOREWORD



The present compiler desiring to preserve under
one cover the valuable matter that has been
previously written on the Townsend-Townshend
family of England and America, and to bring
their history up to the present date, embodied
this statement in the circular letter sent out in
April, 1908, under impression that the re-
sponses hoped for from individual members would
enable her to accomplish this task within a given
space of four months.

Locating the Townsends, however, throughout
the length and breadth of the land proved a dif-
ficult task, in which presumably many have not
been reached, but, when located, the apathy ex-
hibited in general, was a painful disappointment.

The number of letters written by the compiler
in an effort to secure data, and which were large-
ly without return, would scarce be credited, and
she feels that one year of continued and arduous
labor in this field has not yielded an adequate
result in these pages ; so it is that history is re-
peating itself, and in same case with the compiler
of "Memorial of The Townsend Brothers" and
of "The Townshend Family of Lynn in Old and
New England," consideration has to be asked for
incomplete records, as no instigation or persuasion
has proved adequate to acquire the desired data:
therefore, with the feeling of having overstepped
the time limit, the book must regretfully be pub-
lished without it.

As it frequently happens that a public does
not take interest in a subject until a finished
product lies before them, the compiler thinks it
well to state, should this volume meet with the
approval of a sufficient number of members of the
family who have not previously subscribed, and are
desirous of having the records of their particular
branch included, if they will so communicate with
her, she will issue a second edition of this volume
within the year, together with any additions or
revisions suggested by present subscribers. This
volutrie can only be obtained from the compiler.

The data of the comparatively small number
who have enrolled themselves, has already reached
the dimensions of a moderate sized volume.



As the previous matter has not been illustrated,
the compiler feels it will be of interest to intro-
duce some types of Townsends, and has placed
as many of these as can be conveniently inserted,
the English Townshends being of especial interest
historically, together with letters and notes that
may be of interest.

Some matter not directly connected with the
genealogy, has been most reluctantly cut from
Mr. Charles Hervey Townshend's compilation,
and original deeds in possession of the writer,
of historical interest to descendants of "The
Three Brothers," have had to be omitted, as they
enlarged the manuscript to considerably over the
limit allowed by the publisher in his estimate,
and there are no further funds at hand with
which to controvert the argument.

The present compiler has not attempted to alter
or bring to one formal genealogical style, the
original work herein contained. She desires to
direct special attention to the two letters — one
from Mrs. Dorinda E. Hyatt, to Mrs. Andrew J.
Kinch, dated Sept., 1876, and the second from
Andrew E. Townsend to Rev. Israel Leander
Townsend, which were brought to her notice by
the daughter of Rev. Dr. Townsend, Mrs.
Walter Montague Wilson of Brooklyn, N. Y,,
through which she had hoped to establish that
elusive missing link between the English and
American Townsends, but after an exhaustive and
profitless search on both sides the Atlantic for
the book referred to, she can only publish the
letters as they have come to her, resigning the
clue therein contained to a future search. Before
closing, she desires to recognize the kind interest
taken in her efforts by Mrs. Charles Hervey
Townshend of New Haven, Mrs. Walter Mon-
tague Wilson, Hon. Robert Townsend of Oyster
Bay, Mr. Malcolm Townsend of N. Y. C, and
Hon. Townsend D. Cock of Oyster Bay, L. L

Margaret Townsend,
(Mdme. Giovanni Tagtiapietra.)
343 West 34th Street,
New York City.



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CAPTAIN CIIARLKS IIKKX'KY TOVVNSIIKND.
New Haven, Conn.



PREFACE



Through the kindness of John Ward Deane,
A.M., the able editor of the New England His-
torical and Genealogical Register, a genealogy of
the Townshend family, compiled by the writer,
was published in Vol. XXIX (January, 1873) and
before the type was taken down a few pamphlets
were struck off for distribution, with a most
gratifying result, they having opened a wide field
of search and investigation.

As frequent inquiries have been made for this
"reprint" (now e.xhausted), a revised and con-
siderably augmented second edition was printed
by request, and this, the third edition, prepared
for the press with a double motive ; to preserve
material collected ; and to support evidence from
papers still extant, which agree with data taken
from original wills, letters and recorded docu-
ments, deposited in the British and American
Archives. These materials, with the fragmentary
evidence collected by others and put together here,
have thrown much light on some of the early
settlers of this country by the name of Townsend,
and support a well-founded tradition which was
handed down to the present generation by a great
grand-son of Thomas Townsend or Townshend,
who settled at Lynn, Colony of Massachusetts
Bay, in 1637-8, and who knew many that had
lived contemporaneously with him, as could now
be proved, had not the early records of Lynn
been destroyed or lost.

The object, therefore, of this compilation is to
save in abridged form the materials for future
use and reference in preparing a more complete
volume; and as several persons who are inter-
ested in this work have asked for extra copies,
and that notification be sent to others, the author
has given those who he thought might be inter-
ested an opportunity to subscribe.

The writer takes this opportunity to thank for
valuable assistance, his kinsman, the chief repre-
sentative of the family. The Most Honorable Sir
John Villiers Stuart Townshend, Bart, and 5th
Marquis Townshend, of Raynham, Norfolk, and
of Tamworth Castle, Warwickshire, England. He
would also feel that he had been very remiss did
he not mention the kind encouragement rendered
by his Lordship's deceased mother, the late
Dowager Marchioness Townshend, whose untir-
ing efforts to assist his investigation among the
British records prepared, and made easier for
him, his path of research.

To T. C. C. Smith, Esq., of the Literary De-
partment, Somerset House, London, for his very
courteous attention, and to Charles Woodhouse,
Esq., Registrar of Her Majesty's Court of Pro-
bate, Bury St. Edmunds, County Suffolk, also to
G. R, Harman, Esq., Registrar of Her Majesty's
Court of Probate. Norwich, Norfolk, England,
the writer is indebted for similar favors ; to my
old friend, the Hon. Alex. Hamilton, Jr., Presi-
dent of the Astor Library, N. Y. ; and to J. Ham-
mond Trumbull, LL.D., of Hartford, Conn.; and
last but not least, Professors VanName and Dex-



ter of Yale College, and Horace Day, Esq., Sec-
retary of the Board of Education, of New Haven,
Conn.

Desiring to make a thorough investigation, the
writer availed himself of the services of the late
Col. Chester, D.C.L., etc., etc., who commenced
to make an exhaustive research in the British
Archives with a view to substantiate with posi-
tive evidence a tradition which has been so satis-
factorily proved by numerous facts and circum-
stances. But just as he had reached a point that
justified his giving a written opinion (as his
letter shows), he was taken ill and died sud-
denly. May 26, 1882. In connection with this let-
ter it seems proper to mention that in his last
conversation with me while lying on his death
bed, he said: "I am satified your traditional ac-
count is correct because I find it supported by
many facts and circumstances — everything seems
to point in the same direction, and if spared I still
hope to find more to substantiate it." At another
conversation he said, "if Thomas, the son of Henry
Townsend of Geddings, had remained in Eng-
land, I ought to have found some trace of him.
I have no doubt, as your tradition states, he went
to New England." If he did not, what became of
this Thomas Townsend?



124 SouTHWARK Park Road, London,

S. E. England, March 10, 1882.

My dear Capt. Tozcnshend:

I duly received your letters and the Genealogi-
cal Chart sent in your last of the 23d Feb. This
I am especially glad to have, and I should have
been spared a good deal of labour if you could
have sent it before.

I have been giving all the time I possibly could
to your case, but have been much interrupted,
and am not certain that I shall have done all I
wish to by the time you reach here, but will en-
deavor to do so.

Of course the main point is the direct affiliation
of your emigrant ancestor, and so far my im-
pression is that it will have to be accepted on
the strength of circumstantial rather than positive
evidence. I am afraid that no record exists that
will positively prove it. I cannot, of course, say
what may yet be the results of my exhaustive
researches, but, even if not decisive, I am sure
that you will regard with some value the expres-
sion of my opinion concerning your own theory.
I have no objection now to say that, so far as my
investigations have gone, / see no reason to doubt
its reasonableness and probable accuracy. I want
to substantiate it if I can, and do not yet despair
of doing so.

I am not certain that this letter will reach Nevir
Haven before you sail for Europe, and therefore
reserve all details until I see you.

Believe me, sincerely yours,

Jos, L. Chester.



INTRODUCTION



The Massachusetts Probate and other Records
at Boston, Salem and Lynn, give evidence of re-
lationship between the families of i homas
Townsin, Townesende, Towenshend, or 1 owns-
hend, of Lynn (for in each way was this name
spelled), and the families o John Newgate o
Boston, and Robert Mansell, or Mansfield, of
Lvnn This Mr. Newgate, an important citizen
of Boston, representative and often selectman,
was descended from the families of that name
who in early times held estates at Holkham and
neighboring parishes in the County Norfolk Eng-
land a branch of which we find later residing at
■Homingsheath, near Bury St. Edmunds, in Suf-
folk He seems to have followed the occupation
of a feltmaker, and had lived for many years
previous to his emigration to New England in
the parish of St. Olives in Southwalk, London
Bridge, but after 1627, his name and family disap-
pear from the parish register, and about 1630 we
find among the Suffolk Fines, London that a
certain John Newgate buys and records Oct. 6th,
1631 of Peter Beck and Anne his wife, an estate
in the parish of Tymworth, which estate is re-
corded sold Feb. 3d, 1639, to Jane Bacon vvidow
by a John Newgate alias Newdigate, and Anne
his wife, whom we have no doubt are the same
as the New England settlers whose children and
relations often spelt their name Newdigate, as
will be hereafter shown. , . , . -d

This John Newgate, in his last will, dated Bos-
ton May 8th, 1665, and proved Oct. 26th, follow-
ing gives a legacy of "£io to my brother-in-law,
Thomas Townsin, of Lyn, to be paid him within
three years after my decease," and in codicil of
same will, dated Sept. nth, 1665, he shows more
than ordinary interest in his brother-in-law, as
follows: "Further, my will is that Thomas
Townsin, of Lyn, have his legacy above men-
tioned, within one year after my decease, and a
bequest to the free schools of Boston, for the
same amount, he makes void."

This Thomas Townesend had sons, lhomas,i
Samuel,2 John.S and Andrew.^ He also may
have had (by a first wife), 5 Robert of Ports-



mouth, 1665, when he signed as one of the sup-
porters of the jurisdiction of Massachusetts; and
daughter Liddia who married Lawrence Cope-
land, of Lynn, "Ye 12 10 mo. 1651," also, Eliz^a-
beth, married to Samuel Mariam, Dec. 22d, 1669,
and also (perhaps) Mary, a member of Samuel
Gardner's family, 1661. The records prove that
he gave his property to his children when they
became of marriage estate, and by deed, dated
Jan. 1st, 1674, he gave to "youngest son Andrew,
two acres of his town lot of eight acres in Lynn,
situated on the south side the Mill street, lying
westerly of the town highway that leadeth
through the said field; the said highway being
the easterly bounds, and the remainder of the
homestead after the death of the said Thomas
Townesend, and Mary his now wife; provided,
the said Andrew, then unmarried, would con-
tinue to live with them and manager their prop-
erty, they being disabled in a measure, through
age ' to carry on their affairs." This Andrew
Townesend died of camp fever, Dec. loth, 1692;
his mother, his wife, and two of their children
all dying of the same sickness, within a few days
of each other, and the court appointed for ad-
ministrators on his estate, their loving Uncte
Samuel Townesend, of Winnesemet, and Samuel
Johnson of Lynn; and for guardians of his chil-
dren, their uncle Samuel, aforesaid, for Abigail
and David the eldest and youngest, and for the
others, viz: Thomas, Elizabeth, Andrew and
Daniel, "their loving kinsman," Deacon Daniel
Mansfield, who was son of Andrew (the town
recorder), and grandson of Robert Mansfield,
aforesaid. As we find frequently and for many
generations since the settlement of Lynn, the
christian name Andrew in the Townsend and
Mansfield families, it is quite probable that the
name came from the latter to the Townseuds.
Blomfield, Norfolk, Vol. X, p. 423-4, mentions
the Manor of Hayneford, near Norwich, with
advowson of the church and other church lands
and property in the same county, granted Oct.
2ist, 154s, to Andrew Mansfield, Esq., of the
city of Norwich; also, same date, p. 438, lands in



1 The supposed eldest son married Mary, daughter
ot Samuel Davis.

2 His son Samuel married Abigail, another daughter
of Samuel Davis, and he leased one of Gov. Belllng-
ham's farms at Winesemet or Chelsea, which continued
In his family for more than 50 years. He also owned
property in Boston (North end), and Charlestown and
Rumney Marsh.

3 His son John, by Mary, his now (1669) wife. mar-
Tied Sarah, daughter ot John Pearson, of Lynn, his
Bear neighbor, who was formerly of Norwich, Norfolk.
Eng. This John Townsend married secondly. Meheta-
ble. daughter of Nicholas Brown, and sister of Eliza-
beth, wife ot Hannaniah Parker, of Redding, who
had for second wife Mary Barsham. and .she married
2d. Deacon John Bright, of Watertown, son of Henry
Bright, Jr.. whose family lived on the now (1882)
site of the Angle Inn at Bury St. Edmunds. County
Suffolk, and where he was born and baptized, as per



St. James' Parish Register. Dec. 29th, 1602, and emi-
grated to New England in 1630.

4 The youngest son, Andrew, by Mary ("my now
wife, 1674"). married Abigail, daughter ot John Col-
lins, ot Linn.

5 Thomas Townsend. Sr.. in deeds of gift to sons
John and Andrew, mentions Mary, his now wife, they
the father and mother of aforesaid, and as Thomas
and Samuel are not mentioned as sons by wife Mary.
It i.s supposed that he had a first wife by whom he had
children born in England, and perhaps in New Eng-
land, where she may have died, and the above Robert,
Liddia, Mary and Elizabeth, perhaps her children.
Tradition says, money was left this family, also
Thomas Townsend was a relation of the 1st Lord
Townsend. Now, we find by will of Sir Roger Town-
shend the Puritan Baronet, of Raynham. dated Jan.
1st 1637. a mention of £400 to children ot a Thomas
Townsend. His 2d son, Horatio, In 1661, was created
Baron Linn.



TOWNSEND— TOWNSHEND



Newtown ; also, same date, p. 383-4, in Stanhowe
(Calthorpe Manor), lands belonging to Thetford
Priory, and in Vol. VII, p. 380, same date, this
Andrew Mansfield had a grant of the Canons,
Marshes, &c., in Marsham, and the same year,
154s. had license to alien it to Elizabeth Spelman,
and her heirs. This Elizabeth Spelman was
probably a sister of the famous Antiquary Sir
Henry Spelman, who was the first Treasurer of
the "Council of the New England Company," and
by marriage, connected to the Townsend and
Mansfield families. Andrew Mansfield, Esq.,
aforesaid, by will, dated at Norwich, Norfolk,
Feb. 20th, IS53, leaves legacies to the church of
St. Mary's Coslany within the city of Norwich,
appoints wife Jane (a sister of John Eyre, Esq.,)
E.xecutrix, and she in her will, dated April 24th,
1587, gave bequest to Thomas Hayes, of silver
spoons; orders her body to be buried in the
church of Haynesford, Norfolk, in "the North
Chansel ne.xt the place my husband Andrew
Mansfield hath burial," mentions the house she
now dwells in at Haynesford, gives money to the
poor of Haynesford, and 20.S. to the Parish of
St. Mary's Coslany, aforesaid, makes numerous
bequests, gives her property to grand-child, Will-
iam LeGryce, and her niece, Alice LeGryce, the
wife of said William LeGryce; mentions niece
Spelman, nephew George Everton, Elizabeth Bay-
pool, wife of John Baypool and especial good
friend, Sir Thomas Cornwallis, Kt., Supervisor
of her will, she gives £10. Appoints her grand-
child, William LeGryce, and nephew, George
Everton, E.xecutors of her last will and testa-
ment. This Andrew and Jane (Eyre) Mansfield,
had an only daughter, Susan, who married
Charles LeGryce, of Brodish, Norfolk, and they
were the parents of the aforesaid William Le-
Gryce, whose mother, Susan (Mansfield) Le-
Gryce, was buried at Brodish, in 1564, and the
said Charles, in 1572. The Manor of Aslacton,
Norfolk. Blomfield tells us, was bought by
Charles Le Gryce in 1561, and was granted after
his death to Andrew Mansfield, of Norwich, a
gentleman who was probably a near relative of
the first Andrew Mansfield, and may have been
father, uncle, or brother of the first Lynn settler
of that name. There was a Charles' Grice, of
Brantree, Mass., whose will in Boston Probate
C!ourt, is dated Nov. gth, 1661, in which he men-
tions son David and children of his brother John
and William Grice, son-in-law William Owen, of
New England, the others all living in Old Eng-
land, and he may have been of this family.

The first Andrew Mansfield, probably had other
church lands granted him through his brother-
in-law's (John Eyre) interest, and may have
descended from Andrew, one of the sons of Sir
Philip lilansell, or Mansfield, who came into
England with William the Conqueror, and re-
ceived the estates of his uncle. Sir Henry Harley,
and the Manor of Oxmeath, in County Glamor-
gan, in South Wales.

Besides this Andrew Mansfield, of Hayneford
and Norwich, we find in the will of Sir Nathaniel
Bacon, of Stifkey, County Norfolk, in the State



Papers, Domestic— Addenda— pp. 541-4 No 61
dated June 4th, 1614, frequent mention of Sir
Robert Mansell (or, as he signs his name, Mans-
held), Kt., Vice Admiral, etc., who was married
to Jane, sister to Sir Nathaniel, whose daughter
Anne married Sir John Townsend, of Raynham,
Kt., killed m a duel, and father of Sir Roger
Townsend, ist Bart. He (Sir Robert Mansfield)
was noted for his great skill and bravery and
knowledge of marine affairs. He had a grant to
make saltpetre and glass; was knighted at the
taking of Cadiz, Spain, in 1598, and died without
issue, probably at his house in Greenwich, soon
after 1640. He was living, however, as a paper
on file in the State Paper Office, London, proves,
bearing his seal and arms, and dated April 30th,
1639. This Sir Robert was largely interested in
the North and South Virginia Company, and was
one of the council of the New England Company,
and at their meeting at the Earl of Carlisle's
Chambers in White Hall, April 2Sth, 1635, when
they resigned the charter of New England (the
Gorges Patent), saying that they have found by
long experience that their endeavors to advance
the Plantation of New England has been at-
tended with great trouble and charge; have had
trouble with the Virginia Company and parties
who had lands granted them in Massachusetts



Online LibraryMargaret (Townsend) comp TagliapietraTownsend--Townshend, 1066-1909: the history, genealogy and alliances of the English and American house of Townsend → online text (page 1 of 28)