Mariano Velázquez de la Cadena.

A dictionary of the Spanish and English languages online

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SUtQrst^ irom tit Sutiox'js l^argtr Woift



paoFEBftom or the sPAiima laicquaob and utxratdbx in Columbia oollbo»


iNsnnmi WASuiNcnoN.



188 3,

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!<' O ^ o ^ / c^



3&KTXBID, aoeordlng to Act of Congress, in the year 1854| by
In the Clerk's Offlee of tho District Court of the United States for the Southern
District of Now York.

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The very fevorable maimer in which the public has
been pleased to receive Seoane's Spanish and English
Dictionary, oosregted, impboved, and enlarged by Ye-
LAZQUEz, has induced him to undertake this Abridgment,
in order to render that work more serviceable to younger
scholars, travellers, and men of business ; taking at the
eaxae time the utmost care to retain all the most usual
and necessary words, together with their various and fre-
quent meanings, so as to make it, though small in size, as
copious and complete as such a work can be.

With this object in view, the Editor has again consulted
not only the works which made the basis of said Dic-
tionary, but also other lexicographers and authors, partic
ularly of Travels through the new republics of North and
South America, from which he has selected a great num-
ber of words belonging to the articles of commerce and
the natural productions of those countries, which he has
inserted in this Abridgment, together with many idioms
and provincialisms, not to be found in any other work of
this kind

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As the Editor's aim has been to make more easy and
familiar the intercom-se between the two great nations
speaking the grandiloqnous and energetic languages com-
piled in this Abridgment, and thereby to strengthen the
brotherly ties which he wishes may always bind them ; he
hopes that his humble efforts may not prove altogether
pix)fitless to both the Americmis and Spaniards ; as his sole
wish is to be, inasmuch as he can, useful to them.

Svw ToBK, January, 1861

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1 —As the modern system of Orthography lately introduced by
the Spanish Academy has been adopted in this Abridgment, as
well as in the original Dictionary, the student is requested to
keep in mind the following directions :

1st. The words that may not be found in the combinations ja,
J^iJhJ^yJ'^i 9^i S^i should be looked for in the combinations xa,
xe, «, a», xu, je, ji, and vice versa : as, mujer, muger ; ex^rciio^
ej^rcito ; relox, reloj, etc.

2d. The words that may not be found in the combinations ce,
a\ may be looked for in the combinations ze, z/, and vice versa.

dd. The words that may not be foimd in the combinations cua^
cue^ cuij cuoy may be looked for in the combinations qua, que, qtn,
quo, and vice versa : as, quando, cuando ; question^ cuestion, etc.
4th. Those that may not be found in ca, que, qui, look for
them in chA, cki, ckl, and vice versa : as, arclidngel, arcangel ;
chtruhin, qu6rubin ; chlmica, quimica.

5th. Words with the syllables os, us, may be found in obs, uhs,
and vice versa : as, oseuro, obscuro.

6th. Those that may not be found in the combinations esc, est,
will be found in the combinations exc, ext, and vice versa : as,
vdtar, excitar; estender, extender.

Yth. Those that may not be found in the combination iras, will
be found in the combination trans, and vice versa : as, traspa-
rente, transparente.
8th. Words that may not bo found with Ao, he, in the middle

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of words, may be looked for without it in the Dictionary, or vice
versa: as, aaahar^ azar; comprehender, comprender.

9th. Those that may not be found with the letter t, may be
looked for with the letter y, or vice versa : as, /et, ley ; reyna^

10th. Those that may not be found with the letter b, will ba
found with the letter v, and vice versa : as, cibil, civil.

llth. Words with double n are often written with one : as, co-
naiuralj instead of connatural.

IL — In familiar letters and manuscripts from the former Span-
ish provinces there are to be found some faults, and the moat
frequent are the following :

B instead of v, as lleho^ in lieu cf llevo^ I carry.

V "

6, " voleta,


bdetOj a ticket

s «

c, " seremonioy


ceremanici, a ceremony.

C "

«, " aelebro,


cdebro^ the brain.

S "

Z, " CtMO,


cazoy hunting.

R "

/, ** craro,


claro, clear.

Y "

?/," cabayOj


caballoy a horse.

LL ^



payOf a bench.

N "

m ** cnbre^


hombre^ a mmn.

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A. pranoanoed as a In cUarm,

A\prep. To, in, after, acoordlng to, on, by,

nn>, ot np; ba.
ilfiidrU, Or,) To go «o ICadrld.
4 la Espaftola, /nor o/W the Spanish fluhlon.
i la pnarta, JJ the door. [Castile,

i iejr do Gwtiiia» Aeeording to the htw of
& Did, (Tenir,) To come <m foot
& tUerro, (iiM«r,) To dio &y the sword.
4 dos realca, (T«ndeiM,) To be sold for two

& vino, (oler,) To smell ^z/' wine.
41a dntnra, (cmzar on rto eon el agua,) To

cross a riTsr with the water «;> to the waist
4 pmeba de bombs, Bomb-proot
Al is now written instead of ^ s^ To tbeu
A' most bo placed beftura the olject direct

of an aetlTe verb. If it be a person, prcmer



Ab8ndon4do, da, a. 1 Abandoned, Jbrlom. %

ProfligatSL [debaacherv. 8. Forlomneaai
Abandonami^nto, sm. 1. Abandonment 3
Abandon4rj«a. To abandon, to forsake; to
Aband6no, v. AhandonamUfnio. [give op.
Abanlcdr, do. To flu, winnow.
Abanic4zo, tm. Blow with a fiuL
Abonico, sitk 1. A &n. 2. (Nan.) A spritsalL
Abonlquiro, %m. A Ihn-maker.
Abaratdr, WL To cheapen, to abater
Abarbetdr, va. (Nan.) To rack.
Ab4rca, «/. A sole of coarse leather, [skins.
Abarcddo, da, a. WiUi the feet wrapped in dry
Abarcaddr, ra, 1. 1. Embracer. 2. Monopolist
Abaroadilni, «/ Abaroaadenk)^ em. An eat-

braoa [monopolize.

Abarcar, 9a, To dasp, embrace; contain;
Abaro6n, tm. An iron ring, lK>op.
Abarlo4r. i«k To bear np, hanl the wind.
AbarqnilUir, «a. To shape like a boat
Abarrac4rse, vr. To withdraw into barrackA,
Abarragandrse, vr. To live in concnbinage.
Abarranoadero, 9m. A hearv road ; precipice.
Abarrancamiento, am, Fallmg into pits ; em-

Abarranc4r, vo. To break np a road; to dig

holea — rr. To fall into a pit; to become

Abarrdz, tm. (Bot) Lonse-wort
Abarrot4r, va. 1. To tie, bbtd. 2. Overstock.
Abarr6te, am. (Nau.) Small stowage.
Abastadam^nte, ad. (Obs.) Abnndkntly.
Abastardirse, «n» To degenerate.
Abasteced6r, ni, a. A caterer, provider.
Abastoc^, va. 1. To provide, to cater. S. To

Abastedml^nto, snu Providing; provisions
Abastlonur, va. To fortilV with bastions.
Ab4sto, tni. The supply of a town; em^

Abatandr, va. To beat or fall cloth.
Ab4to, tnm. An abb4.
A'bate, inter). Take care 1 Away !
Abatido, da, a. Dc;Jected, spiritless; al^ect
Abotlml4nto, «/n. Ul^cnnracwncnt lown«i»

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of spirits, IkintnMtb Abaiimimto del

rumbo^ 0mj Tbe leeway of* ship,
ibfttir, vOb t. To overthrow, to cut down.

2. HnmiyA — vn. To deeceoa, to stoop. — vr.

1. To be disheartened, dismayed.' 2. (Nan.)

To have leeway.
Abdlcad^n, sf. Abdication.
Abdicir. t€k uTo abdicate, resign. 2. Annul.
Ab<*.6nien. sm. Abdomen, belly.
Abdominal, a. Abdominal
Abdtioei6n, ^/ (AnaU Abdaction.
Abdnot/r, am. (Anat) Abductor.
Abec6, am. The alphabet, the A B a
Abeoed&rlot snk Alphabet; spelling-book.
A bedfil, tm. The blrch-tie&
Ab^n, ^ A bee. Ab^a mae&ira^ Queen-

boe. Ah^a maehiega^ Breeding-bee.
Ab«|l&r, «m. A bee-hive. [are very fbnd.
Abd&r, a. Uta db^ar^ A grape of which bees
Ab«arr6n, Ab^drro, ank A oorse-fly.
AbcaarAco, Abderfioo, am. 1. The bee-eater,

a bird. 2. (Met) A mean fellow.
^6rA| 9/ Balm-mint or bee-wort
uiro, mn.. A keeper of bee-hivesL
n6n,«m. Humble-bee; a drone; a hornet
Moiuzo, sm. A laiige wild bee.
joncillo, sm. dinK A small wild bee, a

small drooe.
Abeldrro, am. Hnmble-boe.
Abeilooddo, da, a, Mean-q>{rlted.
Abellficdrse. «r. To become mean; to de-

grsfle one^s self
Abelhitido, a. Made in the form of aoomSb
Aberongen^o, da, a. Egg-plant color, lUaoi
Abert'id6n, af. (Astr.) Aberration.
Aberrng&do. da, a Full of wart&
Abertim, af. Aperture; beginning; opening,

gap ; a loak. '
Ab etimo, Opat) From all eternity. [fir.
Ab^ am. The sUver-tree: tlie vew-leaved
Abeton&do, da, a. Besembllng Utnmen.
Abelon/tr, oo. To do ov«r with pitch.
Abi^rto. te, A 1 Open. 2. Binoere, candid.

8. Full-blown.— ^p. irr, ofAbrir.
Abif9UT&do, da, a. variegated, motley.
Abtesrrar, wu To paint with a dltenity of

Abige^, sm (Law.) Theft of cattle.
Abigte. am. (Law.) A cattlo-thiof.
Abfgotado, da, a. wearing long whiten.
Abififtres, am. Nsrcissoa, daffodil ; a predons

btone. [beginning.

AbinSclo, (or ab initio^ Lat) Txom tho
Abintestko. a. (Lat) Intestate.
Abi66a, af. Boa constrictor.
AbismM, a. Belonging to sa abyss.
AblsmiU^ a. j^ ()Iasp nails.
Abismibr, va. To depress, to bumble.
Abismo, sm. Abyss; gulf; immense depth.
AMtad6ra, af. A lain of the cable around

tbe bits.
AMtAque, sm. A rafter or Joist
Abitai^ el cable, To bit tlio cable.
AMtas del moUnote, Carrick-blts.
Abit^nce, aim. pL Top-sail sheet-bits.
Ablzcooh&do, da, a. In the form of a biscuit
' '^nrBci6n, af. Abjuration.

^ • LToalJ

r, ro. To amure, to recant upon oath.
ADiaoaadAr. ra, a. Mollifler, softener.
AJblandami6nta ^ns. MolUfleation, litigation,


Ablaud^jr, wt & «. 1. To soften, to mollify

to relent SL To loosen. 8, To assnaga
AblandatlvOjVa, et. Bland» mild.
Abl&no, am. The hasd^tree. [Latin nonnsi
Ablativo, Ablitive, am. The sixth case o(
Abluci6n, af. Ablution, deansing, lotion.
Abnegaci6n, af. Abnegation, selwlenlal.
Abn^^,«a. To renounce, to deny, abnegate.
Abobado, da, a. Stupid, simple, silly.
Abobamidnto, am. 8tupefkoUon,stopidity.
AboW,«AtTostupe5r2rT.7" ' '

vr. To grow stupio.
Abocddo, a. Mild, agreeable; applied to wicei
Abocomi^nto, am. Conference, parley.
Abodo*, Wk To take or catch wilh the mouth.

Abocar la arUUaria.To point the guns.

Abocarun eatraoho, To enter the mouth of

a channel or stndt— «r. To meet, to have

an interview.
AbocardMo, da, a. Wide-mouthed.
Abochomido, da, a. Out of countenance,

flushed.' [voke. «r. To blush.

Abocliom4r, «a. 1. To overheat %, Tvpto-
Abodnddo, a^ Bent

Abocin&r, tn. (Low.) To ftdl upon the ikoe.
Abofetead6r, ra. a. Buffeter. [insalt

Abofeteir, wk 1. To slap one's ikoe. 2. To
Abogada, af. Profession of a lawyer.
Abogiida, af, A mediatrix; a counselor's wl Au
Abogadear, vn. To pbty tbe advocate ; iron.
Abog&do, am. 1. Advocate, oounsellor. 2. A

mediator. [cause. 2. To mollify.

AbMib*, im. 1. To advocate, to plead tbe
AbonetMo, da, a. Inflated, awollen.
Aboldngo, am^ "L Ancestry. % lineage, d^

soent, Inheritance.
Aboliddn, «/[ Abolition, extinction.
Abollr, 9a. To abolish, annul
Abollido,y. AUdimffodo.
Abolladora, ^ L Inet^naUty. 2. Bruise.
AboUir, va. 1. To emboss. 2l To annoy

with all unpleasant disoounei 8. To stun

and confound. 4. To bruise. [the vise.
Aboll^n, am. (Prov.) A bud. In particular of
AboUoB^r, «a. To emboss. Qrarso.

AbolsAdo, da, a. Puckered, folded like a
Abominable, a, Detestable, odious, heinous.
Abominad^n, «/[ Abomination, detestation.
AbominAr, va. To detest, to abhor.
Abon&do, da, t. A subscriber.
Abon&do, da, Ow 1. Oreditable, rich. 2. Fit Ibr.
AbonadOT, 6ra, «. A bail or surety.
Abonauz&r, vn. To clear up.
Abon^,f>a.l. To ball, to insure. 2 Toinv

prove. 8. To manure. 4. To give one

credit— «r. To subscribe; warrant
Abdno.smi. Warrant, bail; manure; arecelpt
Abordad6r, am. (Nau.) Boarder; an intruder.
Abord:'ige, am.'(HaxL) Boardtxig a shin.
Abordir, wkl.TO board a ship. 2. To run

Ami of a shin.
Abordo, am. (Met) Address, Attack, shock,

A>rce. A bordo. on board, in the ship.
Aborig6nee. am. pL Aborigines. [flamed.
Aborrach&do, da, a. 1. High-colored. 2. In-
Aborraseirse, «r. To be stormy. [hater.
Aborreood6r, ra, a. Abhofrer, detester, a
Aborreo6r, va. To abhor, hate, detest, desert
Aborredble, €k HateftU, detestable, [tlon.
Aborrodmldnto, am. Abhorrence, decesta


by Google


lLbortaiiii6nto, «a Abortion.
Aborts, dO. To misoany.
AbortiTimtetA, ad. AbortiTelj.
Aborttro, Ta, a Abortire.
▲bdrlo» «m. A mlflcairlaffe; a monster.
Abonvarao, «r. To be mofflod or wrapped op.
AbotagArae, «r. To be swollen, to be Inflated.
Abotioido» da, a. Madein tbo form of half-

Abotoiiad6T, snK buttoning inurnment
AbotooAr, «a« To button; bud; to form a

AbovedAdo, da, a. Arcbed, vaulted.
Aboredir, «& To areh, to Tantt
AbojAdo, da. A A ftrm rented, wttb oxen

kl)in,9f.A\my, baven; creek; Tallej;
Abradjo, am.. (OolL) An embrace.
AbrabonAr, ffo. To bold one bj tbe gannent
AbraaadAr. ra, a A bomer.
AbraaamlmtosOTk Boming; inflammation.
AbmiAr,«r.Tobom; fire; aqnaader; pro-
yoke. — «r. To be agitated by any yiolent

MBBiOll, to glow.

Abra^lAdo^c' ^

^ da, A Brazfl-wood eolor.

AbiazadAra,^ L A band. 2. A deaL

Abrazadifrr, ra, «. 1. Embracer. % (Low)
Thief4aker. a A book.

Abrazamiteto, 9m. Embracing.

AbnaAc, «& 1. To embrace, to nng; to clasp.
& Tosorronnd.

AbiAza, mn. A bog, an embrace.

Alvrego, tm. A sontbwest wind.

Alireniadoi, inL fLat) Far be It flrom me.

AbreTBd^ro, mn. A watering-place ibr cattle.

AbrerAdo, A softened in water. [Waterer.

Abreraddr, «nm. He who waters cattle. %,

AbreTAr, ra. To water esttl*.

Abreriaeidn, «/. Abbreviation.

AbreviadAr, ra, n An afarldger.

Abi^erlAr, va. To abrldgeu

AbreriatAra, ^f. Abbreviation.

Abrevtatnria, tf. Ofilce of a breviator.

AbribonArse, «r. To act the sconndxtal; stroll

Abrid6ro, ra, a. Aperitive; easily opened. L Freeatone-peacb. 2. Opener.
il&riaordeXAmiiMU, An engraver. Abri'
dor en Aiif«eo, A die or pnnch sinker.

Abrigad^ro, sm. Bbettered place.

Abrigifio, sok A shelter for cattle.

AbrlgAr, wu To shelter, to protect, to pat-
ronise; to warm.

Abriso, am. Shelter, protection, aid.

AbriL am. April

AbriIIantir,«a. To oat a diamond into beets;
to make any preeioaa stone sparkle by
polishing it
AbrimiAnto, mi. An opening.
Abzic TO. 1. To open; to mUoek. 2. To re-
move obstacles. 8. To engrave. Abrlr
«l<{ia,Todawn. ul&Hre{<^o,Tobealert.
.^(rir fa mono, To accept oribes; to be
craerona. Abrir lo» ojo9 d vno. To on-
deceive, to enlighten. 4. Abrirte con
(dcrvno. To dteciose one's secrets. Abrir
regititro (speaking of a veeselX To begin
to take in carga
abfochadAr, tm. An Instrument to button
on clothes


Abrochadfira, «/ Abrodiamitotc^ un. Biti>
Abrocbir. To button on. [toning.oa

Abrogacion, «^ Abrogation, repeal
Abrog^, va. To abrogate, to annul
Abrmal, «fK A place covered with thistles.
Abr6Jo, am. 1. (Bot) Caltrop^ thistle, thoni.

prickle. 2. A crowfoot & A lash.— ^

Hidden rocks in the sea.
AbromAdo. diL Ow 1. (Nan.) Dark, luuy,

foggy. 4 worm-eaten.
Abiomine, «r. (Nau.) To be w^ym-eateib
AbroqneUne, «r. To cover one's self wttli A

shield. 2. To defond onel sel£
Abr6tano, (Bot) Southernwood.
Abrotonir, fm. (Nan.) To scud dismasted.
AbrumAdo, da, cu Weary.
Abnimad6r, ra, «. A teaser.
AbrumAr, vo. 1. To crush. 2. To cause great

pains or trouble. & To overlay
AbmtAdo, da, a. Brutish, ungovernable.
Abeo^so, SfiK An abscess.
Absltin^.Ood forbid I
AbsoInciAn,^/ Absolution; acquittal.
AbsoIAta, ^f. I>ogma, universal propodtton.
Abeolntamtoto, adU Abeolntelv.
AbsolAto, ta, a. 1. Abeolnte. 2. Imporloua
AbflohitArio, a. Absolutory. •
Abeolv6r, WL To absolve; acquit
Abeorddn, «/ (lied.) Absorptton.
AbsArtck ta, a. Amazed, absorbed in thought
Abeorvenda, ^f. Absorbing;
Absorv^nte, MkApa. (MecL) Absorbent
Abfl(w^,«abl.ToabsorDw 2.Toharryaloag.
Absorvido, a. (Med.) Abeorbed.
Abet^mio, mia, a. AMtemlous.
Abstendrse, «r. To abstain, forbear.
Abstergtote, Abeterslvo, va, a. Olaansbi^

Absterger, vo. To cleanse.
Abetersidn, itf. Abstersion.
Abstintocla, ^f. Forbearance, i^>6tinenoe.
Abetintete, a. Abstinent [meni

Ab6tracol6n, sf. 1. Abstraction. 2. Betlre>
Abstraodvo, va, a. Abstractive.
AbstrActo, ta, a. Abstract
Abstradr, «a. 1. To abstract 2. To reAaia

ikom. 8. To diflTer in opinion.
Abstraido, da, a. Betlred.
Abstrfiso, sa, a. Abstruse, difficult
AbsoAlto, ta, & Free.
AbsArdo, sm. Absurdity, nonsense.
AbsArdo, da, a. Nonsensical, absurd.
AbubUla, 9f. (Om.) the hoopoe, or hoopoo.
Abulia, {/TGrandmother, ) -„,^t^
Abudlol «k Giandflrther; f ancestor.
AbultAdo, da, (L 1. Increased. 2. Bulky.
Abultaddr, tm. Stiflbner,
AbuItAr, Ml. To Increase, to enlarge. ~rm

To be bulky or lanra.
AbundamI6nto, am, v. Abundancia.
AbnndAnda, af. Abundance, opulence.
AbnndAnte, a. Abundant, plentuy.
Abundantemtote, ad. Abundantly.
Abnnd&r. wk To abound, to have plenty.
Abufiuoliir, wu To make something in tltt

AburelAdo, da, a. Oraylsh.
Aburrido, da, a. "VTeary.
AbnnimiAnto, sm. Texatlon, despondenqf

tediousnoss; weariness, sorrow.

Digitized by VjOOQlC


ibwrlr, tKk To y«^ to perplex, to weerj.

A.ban\}&do, da, <k 1 Preesed together. 2.

Abnn^^dr, 9<k To press or hesp together.

AirasAr, va. To Abuse or misapply a thing.

Abns&vo, YtL a. AbusiTa

Abfiso, Mil. Mlsosage, abase.

Abjocoidn, ^f. Abjection, abjeetaess.

Abvdcto, ta, €k Aqject, dqfeeted.

Aca, ad. Here, this waj. J)s cuandaaodf
Binoewhpnf .^odnoasMMto^Tbatlsnot
tlio custom bera Ven aoA^ Come along:
AoA y eUld, Here and there. Aod^ Uej,
used In caUing.

Acab^le, a. Wnat may be finished.

AcabMo, da, a. 1. Perfect 2. Old; lU-diessed.

Acabad6r, ra, «. Finisher, completer.

Aeabalib', «& To complete, toflnisli.

Acaballadiro, mn. The time and place when
hoTBcs oorer mares. [mare.

Online LibraryMariano Velázquez de la CadenaA dictionary of the Spanish and English languages → online text (page 1 of 168)