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ber of " legless janitors and armless stenographers " un-
til all the House economy was fruitless for the taxpayers.
The special sessions, called by the governor in November
and January, corrected their earlier blunders and also ap-
propriated more money. The legislative " grist " in the
shape of bills for the three sessions included some long-
sought reforms. Among them was a law for the regis-
tration of births and deaths ; for permanent state care for
the feeble-minded ; a fixed salary for the treasurer of
Cook County, all fees and interest to go to the county; a



APPENDIX D 229

large number of park-and-play'ground bills and a " piece-
meal " consolidation law for Chicago local governments.
Appropriations totaled $46,000,000, yet Illinois has no bal-
ance sheet. " Probably no state in the Union has appro-
priated money for government expenses with greater
carelessness than has Illinois." But increasing tax rates
are leading citizens to inquire " Where the money goes
when the state pays." The 50th session of the General
Assembly [Jan., 1917] has organized without the cus-
tomary deadlock and elected a speaker of the House and
president pro tern of the Senate promptly for the first
time in a dozen years. The prospects are bright for the
submission to the voters of Illinois of a constitutional
convention resolution within two years. The majority
party in the Legislature and the newly elected governor
have pledged an " efficiency program " through reorgan-
ization of the state departments and revision of the
archaic rules of procedure in both houses.

CHAPTER X

(1) See pp. 141-142 for description of this deadlock.

(2) The state fire marshal's department is doing good educa-

tional work in fire prevention. (P. 37.)

CHAPTER XII

(1) This has been done in part through an amendment of 1906

to the state constitution.

(2) "The right of eminent domain is the right of the public to

take private property for public use if just compensa-
tion is given the owner."

(3) Ch. Ill, towns and townships in Illinois.

CHAPTER XIII

(1) The reports for 1912 for Illinois and Chicago show better

work in general than the more recent ones. 1912 was
a " reform year " along most lines of government work.

(2) This record has been sadly marred owing to the change in

administration (April, 1915) and the attempt to care



230 APPENDIX D

for all " deserving friends " of the new mayor on the
city pay-rolls.

(3) Miss Anna E. Nicholes, Secretary of the commission ap-

pointed by A. A. McCormick, Feb. i, 1913, resigned
Dec. 22, 1914.

(4) Every citizen ought to study this report.

(5) These practical tests, made in 1913, were begun under the

presidency of W. B. Moulton whose able work on the
civil-service commission set a high standard for the
state. Recent political changes have weakened the work
of the present commission.

CHAPTER XIV

(1) The board of administration has established an eight-hour

day for all the employees, nurses and attendants in all
state charitable institutions ; also " equal pay for equal
work " regardless of sex. The board has been a pioneer
in these matters.

(2) The Institution Quarterly is the official organ of the Public

Charity Service of Illinois and furnishes the best, most
recent information on the service.

(3) Located on the Rock River near Dixon. Seven buildings

are under construction. To be opened in the fall of 1916.

(4) A new law for the " care and detention of feeble-minded "

went into effect July i, 1915. This law now recognizes
mental defectives as wards of the state. See pp. 79-80
under Juvenile Court for Cook County.

(5) Since Jan. i, 1916, a pension of $150 a year is paid out of

the county treasury to all blind adults without other
income.

CHAPTER XV

(i) The number is constantly increasing owing to the creation
of new park districts.

CHAPTER XVI

(1) For results of the law see reports of 'ae Public Utilities

commission.

(2) See p. 170 for definition and explanation of eminent domain.

(3) See Appendix C.



INDEX



" After-supper " classes, 44.

Aldermen, salary, 6 ; term, 6. See
Chicago and City Council.

Amendment Illinois constitution,
198-200, 202, 203.

American City Government, quot-
ed, 4, 43.

Assessor, county, 90, 91 ; town, 58,

9i, 92, 93-

Assessment property, 90-93.
Attorney, city, 13.
Attorney general, 157.
Auditor of public accounts, 157.
Australian ballot. See ballot.

Backyard proverbs, 34, 35.
Ballot, description of, 104-105 ;

"little," 108; marking, 105-106;

need of shorter, no; specimen,

104, 105.

Bartelme, Miss Mary E., 78.
Beaconsfield, Lord, quoted, 29.
Beard, Chas. A., quoted, 3-4, 43.
Bills, 145-148; enacting clause,

147-

Blind, care for, 194.

Board of, assessors, 90, 91, 182;
education, 42, 169-170; equaliza-
tion, 88; local improvements, 24,
26; prison industries, 118-119;
registry, 101-102 ; review, 92, 93 ;
school directors, 171 ; visitors,
191.

Bryce, quoted, 14.

Bureau of hospitals, baths, lodg-
ing-house, 32; legislative refer-
ence, 208; vagrancy, 39; vital
. statistics, 29-32 ; vocational su-
pervision, 44, 45.

Cairo, 7, 56", 161.
Camera squad, 14.



Capital punishment, 118.

Catherwood, Robert, quoted, 180-
181 ; 181-183, 184.

Change of venue, 59.

Character investigation depart-
ment, 178-179.

Charity service of Cook County,
83-86.

Chart, Government of Chicago,
25 ; Government of Cook
County, 87.

Chester, penitentiary at, 118.

Chicago, aldermen of, 18, 19;
board of local improvements,
24, 26; Bridewell, 27; budget,
20; business agent, 24; city
clerk, 23, 24; city collector, 23,
26; City Hall, 52, 68; city phy-
sician, 32; city treasurer, 24;
civil-service commission, 23, 177-
179; civic creed, 16; comptrol-
ler, 26; commissioner public
works, 26, 27 ; Council, 18-20 ;
custodian lost property, 41-42;
dead animals removed in, 32-
33; early history of, 16, 17; fire
department, 36-37; garbage, 26,
50 ; health department, 29-32 ;
"home rule" for, 206; house of
correction, 27; law department,
24; mayor, term, 20, powers of,
18, 20, 22, 23, salary, 20 ; mean-
ing of, 17;' parks, 46-49; police
department, 38-41 ; population,
I 7> 7p; problems of, 49-50; pub-
lic library, 45-46; sanitary dis-
trict, 50-53; school system, 42-
45 ; school lands, 42, 43, 166.

Chicago Bureau of Public Ef-
ficiency, 16, 23, 25, 46, 47, 51,
69, 74, 87, no, 112.

Chicago City Manual, 16, 41.



231



INDEX



Chicago Fire, 37, 134, 136.
Chicago Historical Society, 16.
Chicago's Pocketbook, 21.
Chicago Railways Company, 42.
Chicago State Hospital, 192.
Chief of police, 6, 12, 38.
Child Labor Law, 211-212.
Cities, officers of, 5 ; organization

of, 5 and Villages Act, 4, 5, 10,

18; City civil service, 177-179;

City courts, 8 (See Municipal

Courts) .
City, attorney, 13; council, 6, 10,

18; government, outline of, 9-

13 ; manager, 7, 8.
Civil-service commission, 6, 12,

176, 179-180; Chicago, 177-179;

Cook County, 179, 184.
Civil service, history of move-
ment, 176-177; law, 52, 196, 207;

meaning of, 176.
Clerk, city, 10-11; county, 73, 75,

92, 94, 95 ; of elections, 102, 105, .

107; town, 58.
Clerks of the courts, 77.
Cleveland, Grover, quoted, 175.
Coles, Gov. Edward, 135.
Collector, city, 6, n, 90; county,

73-74, 95, 96; town, 58, 95.
Comer ford, Frank D., 140-141.
Commissioner public works, 6, n,

26, 27; health, 6, 12.
Commission plan city government,

6.

Committee men, 104.
Common law, 160.
Comptroller, 6, n, 26, 73.
Compulsory school law, 172, 211.
Congressional townships, 54, 61,

169.

Constable, 59; Differences police-
man and, 60.
Constitution of 1870, Illinois

quoted, 147, 151, 159, 165.
Constitutional convention, 198, 200.
Convergence of meridians, 62, 63.
Convict labor, 120.
Cook County, area, 68 ; board, 66,

70-71; board of visitors, 86;

budget, 72; charity service, 83-

86; clerk, 73, 94, 95; comptrol-



ler, 73; coroner, 74-75; court-
house, 68; government of, 70-
76; hospital, 83; infirmary, 58,
83; judge, 80, 85, 101 ; juvenile
court, 77-78; Juvenile Detention
Home, 78 ; population, 68 ; presi-
dent county board, 70, 71-72; re-
corder, 75; sheriff, 72, 73, 74;
State Aid roads in, 204; State's
attorney, 75-76; State courts in,
76-79 ; superintendent of schools,
75, 166, 168-169; surveyor, 75;
treasurer, 73, 74, 91, 92.

Cook, Daniel P., 68, 136.

Corporations, taxation of, 88;
public utility, 205, 206.

Cost of elections, in.

County, agent, 84, 181 ; assessor,
90, 91 ; boards, 66, 203 ; com-
missioners, 66-67; government,
faults of, 66-67.

Counties, area, 65 ; population, 65 ;
work of, 65.
Courts. See Judges.

Currey, J. S., 16, 17, 61, 63,
quoted, 131-132.

Cutting, Charles S., 121.



Dead animals removed, 32-33.
Delinquent taxes, 95, 96.
Deneen, Chas. S., 103, 152.
Detective bureau, 40.
Detention hospital, Cook Co., 80,

83-84.

Diagrams, Chicago's Pocketbook,
21 ; Chicago Public Safety de-
partments, 34; Courts of Illi-
nois, 160; Our System of Law,
159; Township with Sections
numbered, 62; Subdivisions of a
Section, 62.

Director public safety, 8.

Dog-pound master, 39.

Doolittle, Hon. J. R., quoted, 132.

Drake, Dr. C. St. Clair, photo-
plays by, 33; quoted, 35-36;
model, " Breathing Dolls," 35.

Dram-shop law, 212.

Dr. Killjoy Was Right, 33.

Dunne, Gov., quoted, 37, 156.



INDEX



233



Education, board of, 42, 169-170.
Election districts, 99, 100 ; in Cook

Co., 138-139; officers, 101.
Election commissioners, 101.
Elections in Cook Co., 105; cost

of, in.
Eminent domain, right of, 170,

207.

Equalization, board of, 88.
Equity, 161.

Error of Omission, 32, 33.
Evans, Dr., quoted, 29.
Evanston, assessment, 98; city of,

98, 177 ; director public safety,

8 ; school districts in, 62 ; town

elections in, 56.
Executive, state, 151-157; named,

151-

Exempt from execution, property,
116; from taxation, 89.

Fairlie, J. A., quoted, 56, 94.
Federal civil service, 176-177.
Fee offices Cook Co., 181.
Finance committee, 19.
Fire-prevention day, 37.
Fire marshal, 6, 12, 36.
Fitch, Geo., state rep., 146.
Foreign-born in Chicago, 49.
Forman, American Republic, 29,

50, 54, 65, 74.

Fort Dearborn, 16, 130-131.
Fresh-air crusade, 35-36.
Funds to parents, 78.

Garbage, Chicago, 26, 50; See Ap-
pendix B.

Garfield, Pres., 176.

Garner, J. W., Government in
United States, 3, 88, 138, 151;
quoted, 109.

General Assembly, 138-150; ap-
portionment of members, 138-
139; committees, 143-144; com-
parison, congress and, 49-50;
disqualification of members,
140-141; employees, 142-143;
organization, 141-142 ; qualifica-
tion of members, 140; rules of
procedure, 144 ; salary, senators
and representatives, 141 ; ses-



sions, 143 ; speaker, 141, 142,
143, 152; work of, 144-145;

Governor, 152-155 ; appointing
power, 152-153, 196; pardoning
power, 154; veto power, 147-
148.

Grand jury, 116, 117, 122.

Greene, E. B., 3, 9, 65, 88, 151,
165, 1 88 (Government of Illi-
nois), quoted, 194.

Guitteau, W. B., quoted, 159.

Health commissioner, 6, 12.

Health dcp't, Chicago, 29-32; or-
ganization, 29-32.

Henderson, Dr. C. W., quoted,
209.

Higher education in state, 167-
168.

Highway commission, 58, 203.

Hospitals, bureau of, 32.

House of Correc Ion, Chicago, 23.

How a bill becomes a law, 145-
148.

Hyde, H. M., quoted, 39.

Illinois, state of, 126; admitted to
union, 131; area, 126; capitals,
134; charity law, 188-189; coal
in, 128; constitutions, 132-134;
constitution amendments, 198-
200, 202, 203; forests in, 127;
history, 129-137; Indians, 128;
latitude of, 126; map of con-
gressional districts, 133; mean-
ing of, 128; northern boundary,
131-132; physical features, 126;
slavery, 135; under territorial
government, 130; surface of,
127; waterways, 127.

Illinois and Michigan canal, 135.

Illinois moving forward, 201-214.

Illinois park commission, 210-211.

Illustrative material, 13, 14, 19, 23,
88; A Taxpayer's Calendar, 97,
98.

Indeterminate sentence, 118.

Infirmary, 83, 195. See Oak For-
est.

Initiative, 108, 109.

Inspection, food, 29; sanitary, 29.



234



INDEX



Inspectors of moral conditions, 40.
Institution Quarterly, 188.

James and Sanford, 63, 113;
quoted, 120-121.

Jefferson, Thomas, 61, 177.

Joliet, city of, 56; penitentiary at,
118^-120; township of, 55.

Judicial trials, 113-118; civil, 113-
116; criminal, 116-118.

Judiciary, state, 159-164.

Judges, appellate, 100, 163; cir-
cuit, 76, 77, 99, 163, 164; county,
80, 85, 101 ; criminal court, 77 ;
juvenile court, 77-78; municipal
court, 27, 28; probate court, 80-
82; superior, 76; supreme, 162-
163.

Judges of election, 101, 102.

Judson, Harry Pratt, Government
of Illinois, 63.

June Law, 97.

Juries, 114, 115; differences grand
and petit, 122.

Jurisdiction of a court, 161-162.

Jurors, women, 80.

Jury commissioners, 82.

Justice of the peace, 8, 59, 114,
124.

Juvenile court, report for 1912,
79-80.

Juvenile Detention Home, 78, 84.

Krutckoff, Chas., head clerk with
Cook Co. board of assessors, 88.

Laboratory service, 30.

Lawyers, 162.

Legislative reference bureau, 208-

209.
Legislative Voters' League, 146,

148-149, 187.
Legislature of Illinois, 138-150.

See General Assembly.
Lewis, Hon. J. Hamilton, 141.
Library, Chicago public, 45-46.
Library directors, 12, 22, 46.
Licenses, n, 24.
Lieutenant-governor, 141, 151,

156.
Lincoln, Abraham, .134.



Lincoln Memorial highway, 204.

Lincoln Park, 46, 48.

Lindsey, Judge Ben, 77.

Little ballot, 108.

Lobbying, 147.

Local governments in Illinois, 65.

Local improvements, board of, 24,

26.

Local Option Law, 212.
Log-rolling, 147.
Long Nine, 134,
Lovejoy press riots, 135.

McCormick, A. A., pres. Cook Co.
board, 71, 72, 179.

McCleary, J. T., 113, see Appendix
B.

McCulloch, Catharine Waugh, 59;
quoted, 201-203.

McKinley, Wm., speaker, 141.

" Madam, Who Keeps Your
House?" 4.

Maps, Cook Co., showing town-
ships, 69; Illinois, showing con-
gressional districts, 133; Park
districts of Chicago, 47; Sani-
tary district, 51.

Mayor, powers of, 6, 10. See Chi-
cago.

Mental hygiene, rules of, 193.

Merit system, 175-187 ; in city,
177-179; in Cook Co., 179-184;
in Illinois, 184-187.

Minority representation, 139-140.

Mothers' pension fund, 209, 210.

Moving-picture bureau, 40; thea-
ters and films, 33, 40.

Municipal Coliseum Law, 207-208 ;
courts, 27, 28, 161 ; ownership
public utilities, 206-207; recrea-
tion, 46-49; Tuberculosis Sani-
tarium, 22, 34.

Newell, M. H., article by, 54.
Nicholes, Anna E., 71, 83, 179,

184.
Non-township counties, 60, 66, 91,

100, 195.

Oak Forest, infirmary at, 83.



INDEX



235



Ordinance of 1787, 130; quoted,

165.
Outlook, The New York, article,

41-

Overseers of poor, 195.
Owens, County Judge John E., 80.

Parents' pension fund, 78, 79, 209-

210.

Park districts, creation of, 48.
Penal institutions, 118-120.
Pendleton Act, 176.
Pertinent questions, 14-15, 63-64,

81-82, 124-125, 150, 158, 173-174,

187.

Petit jury, 122.
Photo-plays, 33.
Pinckney, Judge Merritt W., 78.
Policeman, see Chicago; compari-
son with constable, 60; police

magistrate, 13.
Police pension fund, 40.
Police women, 40.
Polls, see elections and ballot.
Poll-tax, 58, 204.
Poor relief, 194-195.
Pope, Judge Nathaniel, 131-132.
Poster, 4; Clean Chicago, 31; Al-
cohol, 213.

Presidential preference vote, 108.
Primary elections, 103-104, 183.
Primary Law, 103, 183.
Prison industries, board of, iiS-

119.

Probate court, 80.
Probating a will, 80-82.
Probation officers, 77; adult, 84-

85-
Problems under township survey,

62.
Property exempt from taxation,

89.

Psychopathic Institute, 192, 193.
Public baths, 32.
Public education, 165-173.
Public policy Law, 109.
Public safety, 41-42; bureau, 42;

commission, 42 ; departments,

28-34; director, 8.
Public utilities commission, 119,

205-206.



Public utility certificates, 207.
Pullman strikes, 136-137.

Qualifications legal voter, 100, 200.
Queen Victoria, 45.

Referendum, 108.

Registration, 101-102 ; by mail,

102.

Requisition papers, 155.
Restrictions on taxing power, 96,

97.

Review, board of, 92-93.
Ridgeville township, 56, 59, 70, 91,

98.

River ForeSt, 7, 8.
Roosevelt, Theodore, quoted, 67,

176.
Rural directors country .schools,

75-



Sanitary district, 50-53; elec-
tricity generated by, 52 ; govern-
ment of, 52; no civil service, 52-
53; salary trustees, 53.

Saturday Evening Post, quoted in
Foreword for Teacher.

School administration, local, 169-
170; directors, 171; funds, per-
manent, 166-167; township fund,
166; houses as polling places,
106; law, compulsory, 172;
lands, 43; statistics, 43; taxes.
165, 166; system of Illinois,
summary by outline, 173 ; town-
ship trustees, 170-171.

School, John Worthy, 27.

Schools, high, 171-172; normal,
168; township high, 172; Little
Mothers', 29; as social centers,
44-

Secretary of' State, 156.

Sections, twp., 61, 62.

Senators, State, see General As-
sembly; United States, election
of, 56, 108, 141.

Senatorial districts, 99, 138.

Sherman, Lawrence Y., 141.

Sheriff, 72, 73.

Social centers, schools as, 44.



2 3 6



INDEX



Social service department county
court, 85.

Soldiers' Homes, 194.

South Park board, 48, 49.

Speaker of house, see General
Assembly.

Special assessments, n, 90, 95.

Spoils system, 176; how it works,
181-183.

Springfield, 135, 161, 162.

State aid good roads law, 203,
205 ; board of administration,
189, 190, 191, 192, 196; charities
commission, 189-190, 191 ; char-
ity service, 188-197; greatest
need of, 195-196; care of in-
sane, 192; colony for epileptics,
I 9 I > I 93~ I 94> courts in Cook
Co., 76-80 ; charitable institu-
tions, location, 196-197 ; Eye and
Ear Infirmary, 185 ; factory in-
spector, 21 1 ; highway depart-
ment, 203 ; hospitals for insane,
184-185 ; institutions for chil-
dren, 193; militia, 154-155;
school of St. Charles, 27, 194,
197; supreme court, 162-163;
superintendent public instruc-
tion, 168; Training School for
Girls, 194, 197; University, 167-
168.

Starved Rock, 129.

Streets, city, 3, 4.

Supervisor, town, 57, 58, 66, 195,
204.

Surgical Institute for crippled
children, 190, 193, 197.

Surplus revenue fund, 167; State,
166-167.

Taxation, 88-98.

Tax warrant, 91, 92.

Teachers' pension fund, 172-173.

Town of Chicago, 17.

Town, assessors, 58, 91, 92, 93;
clerk, 58; executive officers, 57,
58; how formed, 55; judicial of-
ficers, 59; legislature, 56, 57;
meaning of terms, 54-55 J -meet-
ing, 56, 57-

Towns, 54-60.



Township, survey systems, 61-63;

high schools, 172.
Townships in Cook County, 70.
Traffic squad, 39.
Treasurer, city, n; county, 73, 74,

91, 92; State, 156.
Treaty of Greenville, 16.
Trials, civil, 113-116; criminal,

II6-II&
Tribune, The Chicago, 16, 39, 146;

quoted, 199, 200.
Tuberculosis, hospitals for, 84.
Tuthill, Judge Richard A., 77.

Unearned increment land values,

43-
United States courts in Illinois,

161.

Vagrancy, 39.

Ventilation, division of, 30; model

to teach, 35.
Veto power, governor, 147-148 ;

mayor, 10, 20-22; pres. Cook

County board, 72.
Village government, 8, 9; meaning

of, 55.

Visitors, board of, 191.
Vital statistics, bureau of, 29-32.
Vocational supervision, 44, 45.
Voting, see Elections and Ballot;

machines, 109, no.

Wards, 5, 6; of Chicago, 18.

Wells, David A., quoted, 113.

West Park board, 48, 49.

Whiting, F. V., article by, 41.

Whitman, John L., 27.

Woman's Auxiliary Mass. Civil
Service Reform Ass'n, 175.

Woman's City Club of Chicago,
21, 43, see Appendix B.

Woman's Suffrage Law, 201-203.

Workmen's Compensation Act,
209.

Writs, seven important, 122-124;
attachment, 124; certiorari, 123;
habeas corpus, 122-123; injunc-
tion, 123; mandamus, 123; quo
warranto, 123; replevin, 124.

Young, Ella Flagg, quoted, 43.



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