Mass.) Whitin Machine Works (Whitinsville.

1914 illustrated and descriptive catalog of Whitin cotton waste machinery and of various systems of working cotton waste online

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Online LibraryMass.) Whitin Machine Works (Whitinsville1914 illustrated and descriptive catalog of Whitin cotton waste machinery and of various systems of working cotton waste → online text (page 1 of 3)
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Waste Ma











Illustrated and Descriptive Catalog




Various Systems of Working
Cotton Waste

Issued by




E. KENT SWIFT, Assistant Treasurer


ALBERT H. WHIPPLE. Superintendent

Southern Office: Charlotte, N. C.
STUART W. CRAMER, Southern Agent

Printed by


Lynn, Mass.



This catalog is intended to bring before the thoughtful con-
sideration of textile manufacturers the processes and machinery
required for the Reclamation of Cotton Waste.

The economical and profitable disposal of the waste products
of a cotton manufacturing plant has become a problem of the
greatest importance to manufacturers on account of the prevailmg
high prices of cotton and labor necessary to convert it mto market-
able -oods. The reclamation of the waste products of a mill affords
simpre means for the manufacturer to reduce his manufacturing
expense to a minimum.

To meet the demands of progressive manufacturers for a hne
of machinerv for reclaiming their waste products, we have developed
and placed on the market machines that have proven themselves
particularly well adapted for such work.

On the following pages illustrations and descriptions are given of
the machines required in both the Coiler and Condenser Systems
of Reclamation of Waste. Estimates of machinery required for
either system will be gladly furnished if samples of the waste to
be used, average counts desired and production per week are given.
In addition to the machines herein described, we call the atten-
tion of manufacturers to the other machines we build, viz.: Picking
Machinerv, Revolving Flat Cards, Sliver and Ribbon Lap Machines,
Combers, Railwav Heads, Drawing Frames, Roving Machinery,
Spinning Frames, Twister Frames, Spoolers, Reels, Quillers, Plain
and Fancy Looms, Duck Looms, Dobbies and Warp Stop-Motions.
Descriptive catalogs of any or all of these machines may be had on

application. _ ,,.^.t^t^o


September 1, 1914. ^m*. '

-^ \\^ , .


Systems of Working Cotton Waste
Preparation of Stock ....
Roving and Spinners' Waste
Reclaiming ...
The Coiler System
The Condenser System
Plans of Plants

Page 9





Breaker Card 40

Derby Doubler 34

Eight-Coiler Front Card 41

Ring Spinning Frame 48

Ring Twisting Frame 50

Slubber 46


Breaker Full Roller Card 54

Childs-Stewart Spinning Frame 69

Finisher Full Roller Card 57

F'our-Bank Tape Condenser 62

One-Bank, Single Ring Doffer Condenser 67

Smith Waste Spinning Frame 75

Two-Bank, Double Ring Doffer Condenser 64

Two-Card Set 60

Wool Spinning Frame 71




Automatic Feed . 24

Bale Breaker 15

Breaker Lapper 19

Finisher Lapper 21

Willow 17


Comber 38

Derby Doubler 35

Revolving Flat Card 33



Roving Waste Card .30

Roving Waste Opener 27




Systems of
Working Cotton Waste


The American Cotton Manufacturer has for some time now
been keenly interested in solving the problem of his cotton waste.
With waste running from 12% to 20% on carded work, and from
20% to 35% on combed work, it may readily be seen that the
problem is an important one, and that a proper solution affords
large opportunities for savings in the average cotton mill. It is,
therefore, with pleasure that we call the attention of the trade to
the complete systems of Waste Handling Machinery which we
have developed in the last few years, designed especially to meet
American conditions. For the past five years we have studied
carefully what has been done in this country and abroad, and have
conducted extensive experiments with the idea of adopting such
principles in the manufacture of waste as would operate most
successfully under conditions as we have them in this country.
This has resulted in the adoption of two distinct systems; one of
which we term the Coiler or Cotton Process; the other the Condenser

The Coiler System will probably commend itself to most
manufacturers for the reason that it is based on the customary
process used in the average cotton mill. In this process the stock
is double carded, using the Full Roller Card as a Breaker, and a
Full Roller or Top Flat Card with two, four or eight-coiler front
as a finisher, omitting the drawing frames, taking the sliver directly
to the slubber, and for numbers up to 12's using one process of
roving only. This system gives excellent results where a fairly good
stock is used, which has some staple. This method, however, is
useful particularly where warp yarns or hard twisted threads are
required, and is used for weaving print cloths, carpets, towels, and
coarse sheetings; also for making ropes, twines, etc. It is not
adaptable to as low grades of stock as can be run on the condenser
system ; neither does it make as soft or even a yarn. Where strength
is required, and quality is not the first consideration, the economy

Page 10

of manufacture on this system is attractive to those who want a
simple arrangement to work up waste in their mills; a system, also,
which does not require skilled help or as complicated machinery
as the condenser system involves.

The Condenser System has the advantage of making a soft,
full, even yarn from a very low grade of waste, and can handle,
without difficulty, waste in which the staple is of uneven length.
The yarn is used as a hosiery yarn, and as filling for weaving soft
or napped cotton fabrics, such as counterpanes, flannelettes and
cotton blankets.

This System has many minor variations to fit different con-
ditions, and we are prepared to handle practically any kind of low
grade cotton waste with it. We use ordinarily a set of two cards
of the full roller type which are supplied with cotton either by a
lap from the picker or by an automatic feed. The cards may be
connected in a number of ways, the most usual being a Cross Feed
between the cards, although frequently the finisher card is fed with
laps from the breaker made on a Derby Doubler.

We have a number of ways for taking the roving from the
finisher card, including the Tape Condenser which takes oft' 80
to 96 good ends for the 48" width machine, and single or double
apron rubs using the ring doffer. The spools of roving can be spun
to advantage on any one of three separate types of spinning frames
which we have developed to meet the various demands of waste
spinning. In this connection it is interesting to note that by our
present methods on the Condenser System it is possible to make
yarns of low grade waste at least 25% finer in numbers and at
considerably less labor cost than has been possible heretofore by
the use of the woolen system.

On pages 81 to 91 plans and descriptions of several equipments
are shown which will give an idea of the kind and amount of ma-
chinery required to use up various grades of waste. For the infor-
mation of those interested, we are showing three complete units
for spinning yarn; also one for converting roving and spinner's
waste into sliver; and one for reclaiming the long fibres from card
strips, etc.



Page 1 1

Preparation of


This Machine is designed for the purpose of opening the stock
from the bale. Where any great amount of stock is to be handled,
the machine can be placed in the warehouse, and as the stock passes
through the machine, it can be distributed or exhausted to the bins
in the cleaning and mixing department.

The Production of this machine is from 15,000 to 20,000 lbs.
in 10 hours, and it delivers the stock to the next process opened in
the best possible condition.

Speed of main shaft 450 r. p. m. Size of pulleys 12" x 2|".
Horse Power consumption is from -4 to 5 horse power.
Belting Required :

Pin apron belt 9', 3" of 3" belting.
Feed and Delivery apron belt 17', 0" of 2|" belting.

Fans and Exhauster system,
Traveling aprons and Conveyer system.
Floor Space: 13', 8" x 5', 10|".

Net Weight 4500 pounds,
Shipping Weight 4600 pounds.

Page 15


This Machine is used for cleaning any character of stock, and
is equipped with a fan for down draft, exhausting the dust from the
stock to the dust chamber of the Picking Department. It can be
adjusted to willow the stock, more or less, as it may require. It can
be made nearly automatic in its operation by cutting away the floor
beneath the machine and allowing the dust to drop through onto
an apron, which will carry it to the dumps; and the discharge of
the clean stock can also be transferred by apron or exhauster system
to bins. This machine is built with either hand feed or automatic

The Production is 1500 to 2500 pounds per day of 10 hours.
Horse Power consumption is about 4 horse power.
Speed of cylinder 320 r. p. m. Size of pulleys Ki" x 4".
Belting Required:

Feed apron belt 11', 0" of 2f" belting,
Fan belt 9', 9§" of 2" belting.
Regulator belt 4', 10" of 2" belting,
Roll belt 6', 4" of U" belting,

Delivery apron band 15', 0" x |" diameter belting.
Extras Required:

Fans and pipes for exhauster system,
Traveling aprons and conveyer system.
Floor Space:

12', 0" X 7', 10" Hand Feed,
16', 10" X 7', 10" Automatic Feed.

Net Weight 6700 pounds.
Shipping Weight 7000 pounds.

Page 17

Page IS


This Machine is designed for the purpose of converting the
raw stock into a lap. It is equipped with an Automatic Feed and
one Beater, and cleans the stock in a superior manner. Preferably
we recommend this machine to be built with two Beaters — the first
of the Buckley Type— the second a Carding Beater.

The Production is 1800 pounds to 3200 pounds per day of
10 hours.

The Horse Power consumed is from 5 to 10 horse power,
according to the number of beaters.

Speed of driving shaft 435 r. p. m. Size of pulleys 16" x 4j".
Belting Required :

Fan belt 7', 11" of 2h" belting,

Beater belt 17', 5" of 4" belting.

Calender roll driving belt 12', 7" of 2|" belting.

Cone belt 6', 9" of 1" belting,

Doffer belt 10', 11" of 21" belting,

Pin apron belt 5', 10" of 2h" belting.
Extras Required:

Lap Rods,

Automatic Feed,

Extra Beater Section,

Buckley Opener Section,

Steel Trunk Section,

Split Lap Preventers,

Adjustable Grid Bars.
Floor Space:

One Beater Machine 16', 0" long by 6', 8" wide,

Two " " 22', 0" " " 6', 8" "

Weights :

Net Weight 8000 pounds,

Shipping Weight 8500 pounds.

Page 19


This Machine is used for second and third processes in picking,
where, on the better classes of yarn, it is necessary to clean the
stock a little better. The machine is equipped with an arrangement
for doubling four laps at the back, and also an evener motion. It
is used to form laps for the Breaker Cards, using the breaker picker
laps on the back when used as an Intermediate and Intermediate
laps when used as a Finisher.

The Production is 1500 to 3000 pounds per day of 10 hours.
Horse Power consumed about 5.

Speed of driving shaft 435 r. p. m. Size of pulleys 16" x 4i".
Belting Required :

Cone belt 6', 9" of 1" belting,
Beater belt 14', 8" of 4" belting.
Calender roll driving belt 12', 7" of 2^" belting.
Fan belt 7', 11" of 2^" belting.
Extras :

Adjustable Grid Bars,
Lap Rods.
Floor Space: 16', 0" x 6', 8".

Net Weight 6000 pounds.
Shipping Weight 6200 pound=.

Page 21

Automatic Feed
(Driving Side)

Page 22

Automatic Feed
(Scale Side)

Page 23


This Machine is used for feeding the stock to the breaker
card, when pickers are not used, and it is recommended for the
lower grades of stock, as it does not injure it, and gives as even a
feed to the card as can be obtained, provided the machine is properly

The Production is equal to the production of the card to which
it is attached.

Size of pulleys 14" x 2|".
Horse Power: I horse power.
Belting Required :

Cone belt 8', U" of 2^" belting,
Doffer apron belt 9', 4|" of H" belting.
Extras :

Scott's Compensator,
Feed Roll.
Floor Space:

For 40" Card 5', 6" x 4', 6",
We build these for 40", 45", 48" and 51" Cards.

Net Weight 1100 pounds,
Shipping Weight 1200 pounds.

Page 24

Roving and Spinners'


This Machine is used to open up roving or spinners' waste,
preparatory to applying it at the back of our Roving and Spinners'
Waste Card, either with an automatic feed or hand feed. We do
not guarantee it to open up the stock absolutely, but we do recom-
mend it to prepare the stock for this carding operation, so that
when the stock is taken from the card it is properly prepared for
the Drawing Fram.e, and it goes forward from this point with the
regular work. In this operation there is practically no shrinkage
of the stock, as is the case in other methods of handling.

The Production is 100 to 200 pounds per day of 10 hours.
Speed of main cylinder 850 r. p. m. Size of pulleys 12" x 2"
Horse Power: 4 horse power.
Belting Required:

Licker-in belt 4', 10" of 2^" belting,
Cross shaft belt 5', 10" of 2^" belting.
Delivery apron belt 10', 0" of 2^" belting.
Extras: Longer Aprons.
Floor Space: 10', 8" x 3', 0".

Net Weight 900 pounds,
Shipping Weight 1000 pounds.
Settings of Beaters:

Licker-in to cylinder 10-1000",
Feed rollers to licker-in 10-1000".

Page 27


The Roving Waste Card is a machine that, after the stock
is opened slightly, will con\"ert it into sliver without waste, so that
it can be taken from the front of the card and applied directly back
of the Drawing Frame, whether it be combed or carded work.

This is a very profitable operation, as this character of waste
is worth a good deal more than any other class of waste, and is of
good staple, and, therefore, should not be a loss to any mill.
Generally speaking, this machine is the most profitable to the
manufacturer that can be included in any organization.

We build the Roving Waste Card with either Single or Double
Coiler Front, because in cases where coarse hanks are to be con-
verted into sliver, the product of the machine is greater than when
the roving is very fine; and if the product of the card is great, we
recommend a double coiler front, for the purpose of making a light
sliver rather than running a dofTer at a high rate of speed.

The Production is 100 to 200 pounds per day of 10 hours.

Speed of Cylinder: 165 r. p. m.

Size of Pulleys: 20" diaxneter by 3" face.

Horse Power: About 2 horse power.

Belting Required:

Stripper and fancy roll belt 24', -1" of 2" belting,
Dofifer driving belt 11', 0" of 2" belting,
Licker-in driving belt 9', 0" of 2" belting,
DofTer comb and drive band 16', 6" of f " banding,
Fancy roll clearer band 6', 0" of f " banding.
Extras Required:
Roving Cans,
Hand Apron Feed,
Belt Conveyer Front,
Double Coiler Front,
Automatic Feed.
Floor Space: 17', 9" by 6', 5" for 45" card.
Weights :

Xet Weight 7750 pounds.
Shipping Weight 8950 pounds.

Page 30



This Machine is our standard Revolving Flat Card. (For
particulars see our 1912 catalog of "Cotton Card-Room Machinery,"
pages 10 to 33 inclusive.) The reclamation of waste applies to card
strips, comber noil, and where a Roving and Spinners' Waste Depart-
ment is not included in the organization, roving and spinners' waste
is mixed with the strips and comber noil. From this stock can
generally be reclaimed from 60 to 75% of good staple that is con-
vertible into yarn by mixing at the back of the drawing frame e
with regular work. This stock is mixed in the Picking Department
in the proportion as it comes from the mill, and is run through
the usual picking machinery, making a finisher picker lap. This
is applied to the revolving flat card and is carded in the regular way.
Production: 50 to 125 pounds per day of 10 hours.
Speed of Cylinder: 165 r. p. m.
Size of Pulleys: 20" diameter by 3" face.
Horse Power: .75 to 1.25 horse power.
Belting Required:

Doffer belt 14', 6" of 2" belting,
Licker-in belt 9', 2" of 2" belting,
Top flat belt 6', 0" of l\" belting,
Comb belt 16', 10" of f" round belting.
Brush belt 5', 1" of |" round belting.
Note. — No allowance for lapping.
Weights: 40" Card. 45" Card.

Xet Weight 6200 pounds. 6500 pounds.

Shij)i)ing Weight 6700 " 7100

Floor Spaces outside IS inches diameter lap and 10 inches

40" card with 27" doffer: 10', 6" by 5', 51" over all.
45" " " 27" " 10', 6" " 5', lOi" " "
Extras required for every 20 cards:

One stripping roll for stripping doffers and c\lindcrs.
One burnishing roll for burnishing clothing of flats, cylin-
ders, and doffers,

One long grinder roll for grinding flats,
Two traverse grinders for grinding cylinders and doffers.
Page 33


This Machine, sometimes called a Sliver Lap Machine, is
designed to take from 16 to 40 card slivers and form them into a
lap for the card or the combing machine.

When used for reclaiming purposes the machine is equipped
with a draw-box, comprising four rolls so geared as to impart a
slight draft to the sliver, whereas for the Double Carding process
no draw-box is used, as draft is not required.

The machine is made to form laps of the following widths, as
crdered: 9|", 10|", 12", 19|", 22|" or 25|".

Driving Pulleys: 24" in diameter by 2V' face, and run one
revolution to one of the 5" calender rolls.


With the reclaiming system at 75 r. p. m. of calender rolls,

the machine will produce 840 pounds of laps weighing 400 grains

per yard per day of 10 hours.

With double carding when used betw^een Breaker and

Finisher Cards, production at 40 r. p. m. is 3000 pounds per

day of 10 hours.

Power: h horse power required.

Floor Space: Including 20, 12-inch cans, 10', 6" long by 4', 3"


Shipping Weight 2700 pounds.
Net Weight 2500 pounds.

For further particulars see our 1912 catalog "Cotton Card-Room
Machinery," pages 40 to 49 inclusive.

Page 35


This Machine is used for reclaiming the fibres from card strips,
comber noil, ro\ ing and spinners' waste, and the staple is nearly
equal to anything that goes forward into the regular work. The
laps are placed on the back, in the usual manner, and the good
fibres are reclaimed, which may be spun into numbers ranging from
20's to 40's, equal to carded work, depending upon the character
of waste from which they are reclaimed.

This is a very interesting and profitable operation, and we are
always glad to give estimates in relation to the saving made.

For full particulars of this machine see our 1912 catalog "Cotton
Card-Room Machinery," pages 58 to 76 inclusive.

Page 38

The Coiler System

Page 40


This System is well known in the manufacture of cotton yarns,
having been used for many years with the regular machinery for
producing low grade yarns from mixtures of waste and cotton, but
manufacturers for some time have been trying to avoid the operation
of mixing waste with their regular work on account of rejection of
orders and general criticism from buyers, because of poor quality
of the product. This has created a demand for the development
of machinery with w'hich they are familiar for the handling of
different by-products without a mixture of cotton, and converting
it into a marketable product, a system of machinery which would
run sufficiently well to enable them to obtain maximum production
at minimum labor cost. In comparison with other countries, the
cost of the plant and the high cost of labor have been two very
serious factors in this country in the development of this class of
machinery. However, after considerable study, designing and
many experimental tests, we have accomplished very satisfactory
results, and now bring to the consideration of textile manufacturers
our Coiler System of Waste Machinery, which consists of a
Breaker Full Roller Card (see page 40), a Derby Doubler (see page
34), a Finisher Card (see preceding page), a Slubber (see page 44),
and a Ring Spinning Frame. The product of the Breaker Card is
taken in cans to the back of the Doubler, which prepares laps for
the Finisher Card. This card may be of the Revolving Flat Type,
as illustrated, or Full Roller, as desired. It is equipped with or
without metallic breast, fancy roll and a four or eight-coiler-front.
The slivers from this card are either doubled on the drawing frame,
or preferably taken directly to the back of the slubber. For finer
numbers, where a better grade of stock is used, it may be necessary,
in order to accomplish good results, to run the roving from the
slubber through another roving process. The adoption of this
system we are confident will produce gratifying results in productions
and labor costs.

It is not possible to use so low a grade of stock as with the
condenser system, because the yarn produced on that system is the

Page 42

result of separating and rubbing the stock into a small roving,
without draft. The finisher card is peculiarly adapted for running
stock of such a nature as to prohibit much drafting, the weight of
the slivers rendering it possible to obtain a much finer yarn, from
low grade stock, than has previously been practical.

The roving cans are regular in size, allowing minimum handling,
and the labor thus saved enters materially into lowering the cost
of production.

Page 43

Page 44


This Machine takes the sliver from the cans deli\'ered from
card front and imparts sufficient draft and twist for the succeeding
operation of the Spinning Frame.

The machine is built with special features for the purpose of
handling Low Grade Stock. The front steel roll is 1" in diameter
instead of the usual 1|", w^hich allows the rolls to be set closer
together to accommodate the shorter fibre. To lessen the breakage
of the sliver as it is drawn from the cans, an auxiliary lifting roll is
provided at the back of the machine.

The machine may be fitted with either direct weighted or Self
Balanced Rails as preferred. It is fitted, if desired, with case-
hardened front steel rolls, shell front top rolls, self-oiling steps, and
sheet steel gear casings. As will be noted in the illustrations on
the two preceding pages, the driving pulley arbor is supported by
a yoke which insures freedom from vibration and ease of operation.

For Productions, etc., see our 1912 catalog of "Cotton Card-
Room Machinery," pages 108 to 1.51 inclusive.

Page 46


The spinning frame used on the coiler system has a numbcr
of special features to fit it particularly for this waste work. It has
a special arrangement of bottom steel rolls and top rolls so as to
facilitate the setting of the frame for this class of work. This
machine is built in a wide gauge, with large special rings and a long
tra\erse. The illustration shows the frame equipped with the Tape
Drive Spindle. It can be built either with the band or tape drive,
as desired. The tape drive lends itself, perhaps, more appropriately
to this class of work than the ordinary band drive. The tape drive
frame shown has a specially designed geared end which facilitates
all changes in the gearing, and accidents to operatives are avoided
by the use of light steel panels, which completely enclose all working
parts. The spindles used are the well-known Whitin Gravity
Improved Type (patented), and are capable of high speed, steady
running, and are especially recommended as free from tendency to
throw oil, thus ensuring clean work. Outside of being particularly
adapted and arranged for waste work, the construction of the frame
is similar to the frames that we build for ordinary cotton spinning.
Particulars as to production, change gears, etc., can be found in
our 1911 catalog, on "Cotton Yarn Machinery," pages 10 to 115

Page 48

Page 49


The illustration on the preceding page shows the latest develop-

1 3

Online LibraryMass.) Whitin Machine Works (Whitinsville1914 illustrated and descriptive catalog of Whitin cotton waste machinery and of various systems of working cotton waste → online text (page 1 of 3)