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Heer Leo Simons, had become co-director of it. Heer
W. Royaards will probably enact the translation, which
was reviewed by Mr. Conal O'Riordan in the Irish Review^
December, 191 2, p. 557 ("Synge in Dutch").

3. French.

M. Louis Pennequin of Douai has translated The Shadow of the
Glen and Riders to the Sea under the respective titles La
Brume du Vallon and La Chevauchh a la Mer. These
versions have been neither published nor produced.

[Signora N. Esposito also wrote (during Synge's lifetime)

259



APPENDIX A

a French translation of Riders to the Sea^ the title of which
remained undecided. See infra : 6. Russian.]

M. P. H. Raymond-Duval has translated The T inker* s
Wedding into Berrichon dialect under the title Les Noces
du Retameur, Neither published nor produced.

The present writer possesses the exclusive rights of
translation and performance of The Playboy of the Western
World and The Well of the Saints. Le Baladin du Monde
Occidental will be published in serial form in the Grande
Revue (Paris) before July i, 19 14, and in book form
before January i, 191 5. The translation has now been
accepted for production by the Theatre Subventionn6
de rCEuvre, and the desirability of its being staged at
the Th6atre des Arts has also been considered. La Fontaine
aux Saints will be published in magazine form before
January i, 191 5 and in book form before January i, 191 6,
and produced before January i, 191 7.

The rights of Deirdre of the Sorrows and Synge's other
works have been provisionally reserved for the present
writer.

4. German.
Der Heilige Brunnen {The Well of the Saints), by Dr. Max
Meyerfeld, has been published by the firm S. Fischer,
Verlag, Berlin, 1906, and produced in Berlin in 1906 and
in Munich in 1908.

The Playboy of the Western World has been translated
under the title Der Held des Wester lands, by Mr. Chas. H.
Fisher and Herr G. Sil-Vara, a Viennese author, journalist
and playwright who resides in London. Herr Sil-Vara
has succeeded in placing the Playboy at Prof. Max
Reinhardt's Kammerspiele, Berlin, at the Neue Wiener
Buhne, Vienna and at the Stadttheater in Munster. The
German version, published by Georg Muller in Munich,
has appeared in book form (191 2) with a preface on the
Irish school.

Arrangements have been made with Dr. Fred. B. Hardt
of Munich for the translation into German of Riders to
the Sea, The Shadow of the Glen and The Tinker's Wedding,
but the translations have not yet been produced. They
will be published by Georg Muller in Munich only when
they have been accepted for production.
260



APPENDIX A

5. Irish Gaelic,

Mr. W. P. Ryan (Uilliam P. O'Riain), in his article '' A
Singer o' the Green " (Daily Chronicle, February 4, 19 11,
p. 6) refers to Riders to the Sea as " the only one of his
[Synge's] plays as yet translated into Irish." The trans-
lation, which is the work of Mr. Thomas MacDonnell
(Tomas MacDomhnaill), of Leinster College, Dublin, has
not been printed, but only typewritten for private circula-
tion. The author has not apparently decided definitely on
the title of the translation. The English title of Synge's
play is more or less picturesque, and its literal rendering,
Marcaigh chun na Fairrge^ or Cinniri chun na Mara^
would seem somewhat odd in Irish. So would the more
alliterative title, Marcaigh chun na Mara^ apart from the
further fact that " Mara " (genitive) and " Muir " (nomi-
native) are not much used for "sea" in modern Irish,
except in place-names and a few traditional phrases. So
it has been felt that a more expressive, in fact, some
independent, title must be given. One of the foregoing
would do only as a tentative title. There was some delay
over the copyright question, and the translation was about
to be played at the Dublin Oireachtas, when Messrs.
Maunsel raised points about acting rights ; so the idea was
dropped. Arrangements are being made for the publication
of the translation by the Gaelic League.

6. Russian,

Signora Esposito of Dublin [Nathalie Petrovna Klebnikoff]
wrote (during Synge's lifetime) a Russian version of Riders
to the Sea entitled ^epiBH Mopn [/'. e. The Victims of the
Sea"]. Synge refers to her translations (which have never
been published) in a letter to a friend dated "Ireland,
Sunday, June '04."

[c) UNPUBLISHED AND UNREPRINTED WORKS.

For the sake of easier reference we here reproduce in a con-
nected form the various items of information that will be
found scattered in our text concerning Synge's unpublished
and unreprinted writings.

261



APPENDIX A

I. Unpublished MSS.

The majority of these remain in the hands of Synge's Exe-
cutors, Messrs. Edward Synge and Francis Edmund
Stephens, Mrs. Stephens, his sister, and Mr. W. B. Yeats.
Some are not publishable, while others are purely of
biographical interest. Synge was very anxious about the
fate of his manuscripts and scattered writings (cf. W. B.
Yeats, Synge and the Ireland of his Time^ Preface, and
Synge's letter in Mr. Yeats's introduction to the Cuala
Press edition of Poems and Translations). Among his most
interesting unpublished MSS. are the plays and poems
which he wrote when a boy, the impressionistic essays of
his Paris period, his story of a fiddler (see p. 27), his play
on monastic life (p. 42), his scenario of a play on the
Rebellion of '98 (p. 87, n. 5), his projected translations of
great foreign works into Anglo-Irish, notably a rendering
of the Imitation of Christ (p. 238), his plays on Dublin
slum life and on the Cymbeline story (p. 238). Early
versions of the Wicklow papers and a few rejected drafts
of the published plays have also been preserved.

2. Unreprinted JVri tings.
Mainly contributions to the Press —

Academy and Literature (London) :

June II, 1904, p. 630 (under heading: "Literary
Notes ") : a most interesting unsigned paragraph [identified
on the authority of Mr. F. J. Fay : cf. an article on " John
Millington Synge as Critic of Boucicaultian Lish Drama,"
by Mr. Joseph Holloway, in the EVENING HERALD
(Dublin), July 10, 191 3, p. 2] on performances of The
Shaughraun at the Queen's Theatre, Dublin — valuable as
a document on Synge's fond study of melodrama and on
his view of the Lish National Theatre's relation to the
"Stage Irishman" school. Presumably the three subse-
quent paragraphs (on Fr. P. S. Dineen's Irish-English
Dictionary^ Miss A2;nes O'Farrelly's O^Growney Memorial
Volume, and Mr. Frank Hugh O'Donnell's The Stage
Irishman of the Pseudo-Celtic Drama) were also by Synge.
November 12, 1904, p. 455 : signed review of " Fiona
MacLeod " 's The Winged Destiny.
262



APPENDIX A

Dublin Daily Express :

December 17, 1898, p. 3 : " La Sagesse et la Destin^e."
Signed "J. M. S."

January 28, 1899, p. 3 : " Anatole le Braz. A Breton
Writer." Signed "J. M. Synge."

Together with these two reviews, written in a style
curiously influenced by Walter Pater, Synge also con-
tributed an account of a Socialist meeting in Paris at
which Sebastian Faure spoke — mere reporting, and not
very good.

L'EuROPEEN (24 rue Dauphine, Paris vi^) :

March 15, 1902, pp. 11-2: La Vieille Litthature
Irlandahe. Signed "J. M. Synge, Dublin."

May 31, 1902, pp. 12-3: Le Mouvement Intellectuel
Irlandais. Signed "J. M. Synge, Dublin."

Freeman's Journal (Dublin) :

Short paragraphs not now identifiable. March 22, 1900,
p. 4 : unsigned leading article on " A Celtic Theatre "
[in Brittany] for which Synge was paid on April 13, 1900.

Gael (An Gaodhal) (New York) :

April, 1903, p. 117: An Autumn Night on the Hills
(signed). Illustrated by Mo. Flaherty.

Irish Times (Dublin) :

Miscellaneous paragraphs and book-reviews not now
identifiable. Anonymous notice of The Story of the IVorld^
by Miss M. B. Synge (Synge's cousin), published by
Messrs. Blackwood on June 20, 1903.

KoTTABOs (Trinity College, Dublin) (New Series). Hilary
Term, 1893, P* ^^3 • ^^^^ Cullen. [A Sonnet.] Signed
"J. M. Synge."

Manchester Guardian :

March 6, 1906, p. 5, Review of A. H. Leahy's transla-
tion of " Heroic Romances of Ireland," vol. ii (signed).

November 16, 1906, p. 5, Review of Mr. Stephen
Gwynn's " Fair Hills of Ireland " (unsigned).

January 24, 1908, p. 12, Article entitled : Good Pictures
in Dublin, The New Municipal Gallery (signed).

263



APPENDIX A

Speaker (London) : list of signed articles.

[4- Out of print.]

+ Vol. iii, p. 245 (December 8, 1900) : Review of
" Danta Amhrain is Caointe, Sheathruin Ceitinn," edited
by the Rev. J. C. MacErlean, S.J. Title of Review, The
Poems of Geoffrey Keating.

Vol. vi, p. 284 (June 7, 1902) : Review of "Cuchulain
of Muirthemne," by Lady Gregory. Title of Review,
An Epic of Ulster.

Vol. vi, p. 340 (June 21, 1902) : Review of " Donegal
Fairy Stories," collected and told by Seumas MacManus.
Title of Review, Irish Fairy Stories.

Vol. vi, p. 605 (September 6, 1902) : Review of
Geoffrey Keating's " History of Ireland " (Foras Feasa ar
Eirinn), edited by David Comyn. Title of Review, An
Irish Historian.

+ Vol.viii,p. 57 (April 18,1903): Article under heading
Loti and Hnysmans. (Review of " L'Inde (sans les Anglais),"
" L'Oblat," and also Anatole France's " Monsieur Ber-
geret a Paris.")

Vol. X, p. 17 (April 2, 1904) : Review of "The Irish
Mythological Cycle and Celtic Mythology," by H.
d'Arbois de Jubainville. Title of Review, Celtic Myth-
ology.

Dr. C.-A. Picquenard of Quimper informs me that
Synge also wrote an article in French on the Bigoudens,
the natives of the Pont-l'Abbe district in Brittany, whose
origin, manners and customs have excited the curiosity of
many ethnographers and anthropologists ; but the date of
the article and the name of the paper in which it was
published are apparently undiscoverable.

Note. — Synge's correspondence is scanty and of little
value. I am indebted to Mr. John Masefield, Mr. W. B.
Yeats, Miss E. C. Yeats, Mr. A. Synge Owen, Mr.
Stephen Mackenna, Pan Karel Musek, Mr. Stephen
Gwynn, M.P., Mr. R. L Best, M.R.I.A., Mr. A. Francis
Steuart, of Edinburgh, and others, for shewing me some
of his letters. They were as a rule short and of no great
interest. Synge had a spiky and sometimes illegible hand-
writing. Some of his letters have been reproduced in
Mr. W. B. Yeats's prefaces to the Cuala Press editions.
264



APPENDIX A

The substance of Synge's private diaries — which he
never kept — is embodied in his prose observations. He
refers to his diary in In West Kerry (Collected Edition,
vol. iv, p. 119). Mr. Jack B. Yeats kept diaries of the
Connemara tour w^hich have not seen the light of publicity.

(ii) SOURCES OF INFORMATION.

The following is a selection of the best books, essays,
appreciations, special articles, reviews, paragraphs, etc.,
dealing directly or indirectly with Synge and the Irish
Theatre. The Author will be obliged for further refer-
ences sent to him care of his publishers.

{a) BOOKS AND PAMPHLETS {INCLUDING
FORTHCOMING JVORKS).

Archer, William : P lay ma king : A Manual of Craftman-
ship (London : Chapman & Hall, 19 12). Synge : pp. 298,

304.

[Armstrong, Cecil Ferard] : The Dramatic Author's
Companion^ by " A Theatrical Manager's Reader," with an
Introduction by Arthur Bourchier, M.A. (London : Mills
& Boon, 19 10). Synge, p. 42.

Baker, G. P., Professor of Drama at Harvard University,
who is at present studying the developments of the art
at Stratford, Dublin and Manchester, will embody his
observations in a forthcoming critical study.

Bickley, Francis: /. M. Synge and the Irish Dramatic
Movement (London : Constable, " Modern Biographies " ;
Boston and New York : Houghton Mifflin, 19 12).

Bithell, Jethro (translated by Franz Hellens) : TV. B.
Teats (Editions du Masque : Paris : Librairie Generale des
Sciences, Arts et Lettres ; Brussels : H. Lamertin, 1913).
Synge : p. 15 n. i, pp. 18, 20, 35, 43.

Borsa, Mario : The English Stage of To-day (translated
from the original Italian and edited by Selwyn Brinton),
(London and New York : John Lane, 1908) : chap, viii
(pp. 286-314) : "The Irish National Theatre."

Brown, Stephen J., S.J. (edited by) : A Guide to Books on
Ireland. Part I : Prose Literature, Music and Plays.
(The Plays section compiled by Mr. Joseph Holloway,
architect of the Abbey Theatre.) (Dublin : Hodges &
Figgis ; London : Longmans, Green & Co., 1912.)
265



APPENDIX A

Cannan, Gilbert : The Joy of the Theatre (London :
B. T. Batsford : "The Fellowship Books," 1913) :
pp. 32-3 : reference to Synge.

Carter, Huntly : The New Spirit in Drama and Art
(London : Palmer, 1 9 1 2). The Irish Literary Theatre : p.33.

Chambers's Biographical Dictionary (London and Edin-
burgh : W. & R. Chambers) : Synge will appear on
page 897 of the next reprint, also in the next revised
issue of Chambers's Encyclopaedia.

Colum, Padraic: My Irish Tear (London: Mills &
Boon, 1912). Synge : pp. 93, 94.

Compton-Rickett, Arthur : English Literature (London
and Edinburgh : Jack, 19 12). Synge: p. iii.

Cousin, John W.: A Short Biographical Dictionary of
English Literature {hondion: Dent; New York: Button,
1910). Article, " Synge, John Millington " : p. 370.

Dukes, Ashley : Modern Dramatists (London : Palmer,
191 1). Synge: pp. 95, 97, 275.

"Eglinton, John" [Magee, W. K.] : Literary Ideals
in Ireland (London : Unwin ; Dublin : Daily Express
Office, 1899).

Elton, Oliver : Modern Studies (London : Edward
Arnold, 1907). Final chapter ("Living Irish Litera-
ture"), vi. ("Synge").

Ervine, St. John G., the well-known Ulster playwright,
has in preparation a work entitled Five Irish Dramatists
(Wilde, Shaw, Yeats, Synge, Lady Gregory).

Figgis, Darrell : Studies and Appreciations (London :
Dent; New York: Dutton, 1912) : p. 23: "J. M.
Synge " [reprinted from the London Bookman^ q. v.'] ;
p. 34 : " The Art of J. M. Synge " [reprinted from
the Fortnightly Review^ also the Forum^ q.v.l.

Galsworthy, John : The Inn of Tranquillity (London :
Heinemann, 1912). Reference to the Playboy^ p. 202;
Synge : p. 207 [from the English Review^ q. v.^,
.J Gregory, Lady Augusta, is publishing with Putnams
(London and New York) in the Autumn of 191 3 a book
\P entitled Our Irish Theatre : A Chapter of Autobiography.
It gives an account of the beginning and growth of the
theatre in Ireland, and contains a chapter on Synge,
which has already appeared in the English Review^ q. v.
266



APPENDIX A

Gunnell, [Miss] Doris, Assistant Lecturer in French
Language and Romance Philology at Leeds University,
according to the " Courrier Litteraire " of Paris-Journal^
December 23, 191 1, was to publish in Paris a book on
the Irish theatre. Miss Gunnell denies the fact ; how-
ever, she published an article on " Le Nouveau Theatre
Irlandais " in the Revue^ q. v., and has written two other
articles : one on the Irish theatre, accepted for publication
in the Mercure de France^ and another (in collaboration
with M. Nayral de Puybusque) on J. M. Synge, the
publication of which by the Nouvelle Revue Fran^aise is
still undecided.

Gwynn, Stephen : To-day and To-Morrow in Ireland
(Dublin : Hodges & Figgis ; London : Macmillan,
1903), p. 87: "The Gaelic League and the Irish
Theatre."

Gwynn, Stephen : see infra : MacCarthy, Justin.

Henderson, W. A. : The Playboy of the Western Worldy
by J. M. Synge. A Play that shocked. A Compendium of
Comments^ Criticisms^ Calumnies, Carpings, Caricatures, Cavil-
lings, Clamours, Congratulations, Compiled by. (Private.)

Henderson, W. A. : ipop. The Irish National Theatre
Movement. A Tears Work at the Abbey Theatre. Events:
Death of J. M. Synge, March 24M ; London Season, June Jth;
Revival of the Playboy, May 2'jth ; Production of Blanco
Posnet, August 25M ,• told in Press-cuttings by. (Private.)
[These and other valuable collections of press-cuttings
will be bequeathed by the compiler to the National
Library of Ireland.]

Howe, P. P. : The Repertory Theatre, A Record. A
Criticism. (London: Martin Seeker, 1910). Chapter ii
(pp. 42-51) : "Experiments in Repertory."

Howe, P. P. : /. M. Synge : A Critical Study. Demy
8vo, yj. bd. net. (London : Martin Seeker ; New York :
Mitchell Kennerley, 1 91 2.)

[Mr. Howe says in his Prefatory Note that "a book is
shortly to make its appearance that will tell from direct
reminiscence all that the world is entitled to hear, written
by those who knew Synge well." It was indeed sug-
gested that a brief biography, with some personal details
and memories, should be put together in a cheap form as
267



APPENDIX A

a memento, to be sold at the Abbey Theatre. However,
the scheme has not yet materialized, and very likely never
will.]

HuefFer, Ford Madox : The Critical Attitude (London :
Duckworth, 191 1). Synge [the Playboy^ referred to on
pp. 82, 83, 84.

Huneker, James : The Pathos of Distance : A Book of A
Thousand and One Moments (London : T. Werner Laurie,
1 91 3), containing studies on Mr. George Moore and the
Celtic Awakening (pp. 228-35: "John M. Synge").
Curiously enough, an essay on M. Henri Bergson, the
French thinker, bears the Syngesque title *' The Playboy
of Western Philosophy."

Jackson, Holbrook : All Manner of Folk (London :
Grant Richards ; New York : Mitchell Kennerley, 1912),
"John M. Synge" : pp. 61-77.

Kennedy, J. M. : English Literature : iSSo-igo^
(London : Stephen Swift, 1912). Synge : pp. 281, 309.

Lebeau, Henry, intends to write a volume of personal
recollections about Synge and other Irish men of letters.

Letts, Miss W. M. : Songs from Leinster (London :
Smith, Elder, 19 13), p. 42 : "Synge's Grave" [a poem
reprinted from the Westminster Gazette^ y.i;.] ; see also
p. 40 : "For Sixpence" [a poem written from the point
of view of the sixpenny audience at the Abbey Theatre
when W. G. Fay was acting there in the Playboy^

Lynd, Robert : Home Life in Ireland (London : Mills
& Boon, 1906), p. 304 et seq. : "Literature and Music"
(a paragraph on Synge).

MacCarthy, Justin (edited by) : Irish Literature^ 10 vols.
(John D. Morris — The de Bower Elliot Co., Chicago,
1904): a chapter on "The Irish Theatre" by Mr.
Stephen Gwynn, M.P.

Mair, G. H., M.A., English Literature: Modern
(London : Williams & Norgate, " Home University
Library," 191 1). Synge: pp. 247 et seq. [reprinted from
the Manchester Guardian^ q.v.].

Malye, Jean : La Litterature Irlandaise Contemporaine
(Paris: E. Sansot, 1913). Synge: pp. 41, 50, 51.

Marriott, Ernest : Jack B. Teats, being a true impartial
view of his pictorial and dramatic art, etc., with a portrait
268



APPENDIX A

of the artist when a chi/d, by his father, ami a chart of Pirate
Island [a monograph read at a meeting of the Manchester
Literary Club, and re- written from the Manchester Quar-
terly, July 191 1] (London: Elkin Matthews (December),
191 1, IS.). Cf. p. 10.

Masefield, John : Dictionary of National Biography
(London : Smith, Elder, 1912), Second Supplement, vol.
iii, pp. 468-71, article " Synge, John Millington." [The
most reliable statement of fact.]

Montague, C. E. : Dramatic Values (London: Methuen,
191 1). Cf. pp. 1-15, 54, 9I5 154, 201 et seq., 212.

Montague, C. E. : Essays and Studies by Members of the
English Association, vol. ii, collected by H. C. Beeching
(Oxford : Clarendon Press, 191 1) : " The Literary Play,"
(pp. 71 et seq,) : Synge, pp. 81, 85.
. ^ Moore, George : Hail and Farewell (London : Heine-
^ mann) : L Ave (191 1 ; also in the Tauchnitz Collection,
Leipzig, No. 4314). IL 5^/^^ (Heinemann, 191 2, p. 197:
a passing reference to the Play Boy \sic\ IH. Vale (to be
published in the Autumn of 191 3) will deal with Synge
and his relation to Yeats.

More, Paul Elmer : The Drift of Romanticism {Shel-
burne Essays, 8th Series) (Boston and New York : Houghton
Mifflin Co., 191 3), pp. 135-6 : reference to Synge (in
essay on ' Fiona MacLeod).'

Nevinson, H. W. : Books and Personalities (London and
N.Y. : John Lane, 1905). "Irish Plays of 1904": pp.
248-9, Riders to the Sea , p. 250, In the Shadow of the
Glen.

O'Donoghue, D. J.: The Poets of Ireland: a biographical
and bibliographical dictionary of Irish writers of English
verse (Dublin : Hodges Figgis & Co. ; London : Henry
Frowde, Oxford University Press, 1912), p. 448 : article
" Synge, John Millington."

Oliver, D. E. : The English Stage : Its Origins and
Modern Developments (London : John Ouseley, second
edition, 1912). The Irish Literary Theatre, Yeats,
Synge, etc., pp. 118 et seq.

Paul-Dubois, L. : Ulrlande Contemporaine et la Question
Irlandaise (Paris : Librairie Acad6mique Perrin, 1907), pp.
407-10 : " Le theatre irlandais " ; English translation by
269



APPENDIX A

T. M. Kettle (Dublin: Maunsel, 191 1), pp. 423-6:
" The Irish Theatre."

Quinn, John : see Shaw, G. B.

Randall, [Miss] Ethel Claire, of Chicago University,
wrote in 1906 for her A.M. degree a thesis on the Irish
Literary and Dramatic Revival, entitled, The Celtic Move-
ment : The Awakening of the Fires, which remains unpub-
lished in the University Library.

Ransome, Arthur : Oscar Wilde : A Critical Study
(London: Martin Seeker, 1912), p. 137; (London:
Methuen, 1913), p. 148.

Roberts, George, is said to be projecting a book on
Synge.

Roosevelt, Th. : see Shaw, G. B.

Ryan, W. P. : The Irish Literary Revival: its history j
pioneers and possibilities (London : published by the author
at I Constance Road, East Dulwich, S.E., and by Ward
k Downey, 12 York Buildings, Adelphi, W.C. ; also
on sale at DobelFs, 77 Charing Cross Road, 1894).

Ryan, W. P. : The Pope's Green Island (London :
Nisbet, 1 91 2), ch. xxiv, p. 299 : " Ireland at the Play."

Sharp, R. Farquharson : A Short History of the English
Stage (London, Felling-on-Tyne and New York : The
Walter Scott Publishing Co., 1909), ch. xx, p. 317 :
" The Dublin Theatres."

Shaw, G. B. : A Note on the Irish Theatre by Theodore
Roosevelt and an " interview " on the Irish Players in
America by George Bernard Shaw (New York : Mitchell
Kennerley, 1912). [Mr. Roosevelt's contribution to this
booklet is a reprint of his " Introduction " to " The Irish
Players" in the Outlook (N.Y.), December 16, 191 1,
p. 915, q.v.']. Introductory note by John Quinn.

Walbrooic, H. M. : Nights at the Play (London : Ham-
Smith, 191 1), a selection in book form of Mr. Walbrook's
theatrical notices in the Pall Mall Gazette {q.v.)
between 1907 and 1910. One of them (pp. 107-9) deals
with Synge and the Playboy.

Walkley, A. B. : Drama and Life (London : Methuen,
1907), p. 309 : " The Irish National Theatre" [reprinted
from the Times, May 8, 1903].

Weygandt, Cornelius : Irish Plays and Playwrights
270



APPENDIX A

(London : Constable ; Boston and New York : Houghton
Mifflin, 1913).
^ Yeats, William Butler and Jack B. : ^ynge and the
Ireland of His Time^ by William Butler Yeats, with a
note concerning a walk through Connemara with him by
Jack B. Yeats (Cuala Press, July 26, 191 1). 350 copies,
los. 6d. each. Copyrighted in America by Mitchell
Kennerley. (Now out of print.)

[The book, which is very short (pp. 43), was first
intended to contain other biographical contributions by
writers who had known Synge personally. For instance,
a contribution by Mr. John Masefield (probably a reprint
of his reminiscence of Synge in the Contemporary
Review, April 191 1, p. 470) had been announced in the
prospectus of the Cuala Press for January, 191 1; the
intention, however, was not adhered to. Synge and the
Ireland of His Time (cf. Preface) would have been pre-
fixed as an introduction to the Collected Edition of Synge's
works, had it not been withdrawn owing to ninety pages
being published in the Edition without Mr. W. B. Yeats's
consent. Mr. Yeats also published his essay in the
Forum (New York), August 191 1, p. 179, under the
title "John M. Synge and the Ireland of His Time" (it
was the principal article in the issue and was specially
advertised on the cover), with the omission of a somewhat
unfelicitous sentence (pp. 2-3 of the Cuala Press edition)
which we need not quote here. Reference to this charac-
teristic omission will be found in the Irish Review
(Dublin), September 191 1, pp. 326-7 (" Dramatic Values,"
by Walter Mennloch).— Mr. Jack B. Yeats's With Synge
in Connemara originally appeared in the New York
Evening Sun about July 18, 1909,^ and in the Irish
Nation (Dublin), August 14, 1909, under the title
" Memories of Synge."].

Yeats, W. B. : Collected Works (Stratford-on-Avon :

A. H. Bullen, The Shakespeare Head Press, 1908). Cf.

vol. iv, pp. 79-247 ("The Irish Dramatic Movement"),

^especially pp. 112, 120, 192 «., 227, 228-30, 231 [reprints

from Samhain and the Arrow] ; vol. viii, p. 173 ("Mr.

1 Repeated inquiry has failed to ascertain the date. Mr. Jack B. Yeats says


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