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September 4, 1920

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Meet Fuel Shortage

by Stretching Fuel

Supply

Eliminate unnecessary waste by
burning fuel with correct air
supply.

UEHLING

CO. METER

insures correct ratio of air to
fuel continuously.

No more guesswork by the
fireman nor erroneous conclu-
sions by his chief.

!^ew Ctiltilog Just Issued

Uehling Instrument Go.

2114 Empire Bld)^.. New York

Exhibit of New Uehling COi Meter at
New York Chemical Show, Sept. 20-25.



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Electric Railway Journal



September 4, IMO




L



A Surprise



1



hadn't any idea, Bill," said Joe, the Superintendent, to the master
mechanic, "that you were preparing this grand surprise for me and
the boss. I can hardly believe that you obtained all those wrenches,

jacks, bars, etc., from the sale of that old junk lying around the shop

and barns.

"Yes, sir," replied Bill, "and what is more, we have enough left to
order a complete equipment of Westinghouse No. 306-CV Motors and
HL control, for our freight-baggage car."

"Good," said Joe, "our freight business is picking up."



Westinghouse Electric

Sales Offices in All Large American Cities




& Manufacturing Co.

East Pittsburgh, Pa.



Vol. 56, No. 10



New York, September 4, 1920



Electric Railway
Journal



Pages 445-486



Henry W. Blake and Harold V. Bozell, Editors



Henry H. Norris, Managing Editor



Contents

The New Interurban Railway System in Oklahoma

Serves the activities of prosperous oil section in West. Built cross-country,
with 2-deg. curves and 1 per cent maximum grade and concrete bridges for
heavy loads, looking to future freight business Page 449

Accidents Lessened by Safety Cars

W. H. Burke gives statistics from group of Stone & Webster properties in
widely separated sections of the country. These statistics show accidents on
basis of car-mile or passengers carried are far less with safety cars than with
two-man cars. Other statistics given Page 457

Comment on Commission Report from the Industry

The Federal Electric Railways Commission report elicits favorable comments
as to its value as an aid in the solution of railway problems. Some critical
remarks on certain features Page 461



EDITOhlAlfjS 445

Cincinnati Director Reports 454

Great Britain's Tjiamways Hard Hit 459

Wilcox Issues Statement 460

Track Evolution in Edmonton 463

Supporting Cradles Reduce Damage to Ar^

MATURES 466

"Omnibus Automobiles" in Rio de Janeiro. . 467

New Heavy Energy Air-Brake Switch 468

Using Up Broken Drills 460



Convenient Steamer Set 468

Obtaining Dry Compressed Air 468

Letters to the Editor 469

Association News 469

Recent Happenings in Great Britain 470

News of the Electric Railways 471

Financlax, and Corporate 477

Traffic and Transportation 479

Personal Mention 483

Manufactures and the Markets 484



McGRAW-HILL COMPANY, INC., 10th Ave. at 36th Street, NEW YORK



JAMBS H. McORAW. President
ARTHUR J. BALDWIN. Vice-Pretident
J. MALCOLM MUIR. Vice-President
F. M. FEIKER. Vice-President
BDWARD CALDWiSLL, Treasurer
JAMES H. McGRAW. JR., Secretary



Cable Address: "Machinist, IT. Y."



WASHINGTON. D. C. 610-611 Colorado BldK.
CHICAGO. Old Colony Bnildln;
PHILADELPHIA. Real Estate Trust Btiildln»
CLEVELAND. Leader-News Building
SAN FRANCISCO. Rialto Buiidinr
LONDON, E. C. 6 Bouverie St.
BUENOS AIRES, Calle Corrientes, 086



Publisber also of '

Electrical World

American Machinist

Power

Engineering and Mining Jonmakl

Electrical Merchandising

Cool Age

Journal of Eleotricity

Chemical and Metailargical Engineering

Engineering News-Record

Ingenleria Intemacional



The annual subscription rate is f4. Extra son*
postage west of the Mississippi, and in Alaska.
Hawaii, the Philippines. Porto Rico. Canal Zone.
Cuba and Mexico. 60 cents. Extra postage in
Canada, 11.50. Extra Foreign postage. $3 (total
$7. or 29 shillings). Single copies. 20 cents.
No back volumes for more than one year and no
back copies for more than three months.
Change of Address — When change of address la
orr^ered the new and the old address must be glren.
Notice must be received at least ten days befon
the change takes place.

Copyright. 1920, McGraw-Hill Company, Ine,
Published weekly. Entered as second-class mi^
ter, June 23. 1908, at the Post Office at Nev
York, under the Act of March 3. 187B



Member Atidlt Bttmn of Circulations. Member Associated Bnsinew Papers, Idc,
Circulation of this issue, 6,700 copies



Advertising Indexes — Alphabetical, 86; Classified, 80, 82, 84; Searchlight Section 75-79



Electric Railway Journai.



September 4, 1920



W^stinghouse




OIL PUMP TROUBLE*'



INSPECTION, CLEANING AND MINOR ADJUSTMENTS —



JANUARY










FEBRUA


RY








MARCH












APRIL




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LIMED UP I
CONDENSC.


JfARimS AND R
R TUBES


eNEWED 14




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REPAIRS
HIGH PREi
OLD JOIN


TO HOT-WELL DISC
SURE. EXP JOIN-
T VIIELDED S. KEP\


IMOl
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nURE

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AUTOMATIC

^ TRIP FAILING

TO WORK


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STEAM

STRAINER

TROUBLE


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CRANK ON
MAIN OIL F
INSTALLEi


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HIGHPRESSl
IP BROKE
lEyVHRS.



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September 4, 1920



Electric Railway Journal



mi



LargeTurbines



A Yearns Performance

We plan to publish, from time to time, records of the operation of
our large turbines.

These reports will furnish what we believe to be the chief points
of interest regarding large turbines — a record of their operation.

We have just received from the Duquesne Light Company, and re-
produce below, a year's record of the operation of our 45,000 kw.
turbine in the Brunots Island Plant.

This record shows fourteen days during the year that the turbine
was not operating. Ten of these days are accounted for by the cus-
tomary shut-downs for inspection — leaving four days in the year
that the m achine was not running due to some minor troubles which
are shown on the chart.



This turbine was in service 96.2% of the time, and was available
for service 99% of the time.



Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturingr Co.
East Pittsburgh, Pa.



TOBER








A/0/£MBO


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DECEMBER












1


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0'" 3


0"' 1


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f





























OIL PUMP l/AL^f: TRO'J'iLC



CHANGES TO'/

MAIN STEAM LINE BEING MAD'.



N- ENTIRE STATION OUTAGE
DUE TO CABLE BURN OUT WhlCH ThREIN
HIGH I'OLTAGE ON THE CONTROL SrSTCM



\, INSPEC-
TION









MAY










JUNE










JULY




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6'"


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IKE OIL PUMP VALVe TROUBLE. LOIV PRESSURE / V CLEANING AND INSPECTION

GENERATOR BRUSH TROUBLE
fP JOINT



W CLEANING AND INSPEC-
TION - K'OR.Vr/e ON ALL
COOLEP.AUD Cr.USH HOLDERS



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Electric Railway Journal



September 4, 1920



High Vacuum
Jet Condensers



i /'WESriNGMOUSC'N i
^\^ ELECTRIC Jjf



Readily Adaptable
To Changing Conditions



In addition to the high vacuum and guar-
anteed performance, there are other considera-
tions which the condenser buyer should not over-
look.

Those who have investigated, have found that
Westinghouse Condenser Designs, have been
developed to a point where they are readily
adaptable to a wide range of variables in con-
denser practice.

Often the initial instEdlation does not take into
consideration conditions which may later cause a
change in location of pump drives. In this re-
spect, Westinghouse Jet Condensers are ex-
tremely flexible, provisions having been made for
the easy and convenient location of the driving
turbine or motor at either end of the driving
shaft.

Ask our nearest district office for literature
describing those considerations which we feel
are of importance to the condenser buyer.



Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturingr Company

East Pittsburgh, Pa.

Sales Offices in All Large American Cities



The shaft extension opposite the cus-
tomary turbine drive, is arranged for a
coupling, so that a motor may be con-
veniently installed if desired.



xa



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Westinghouse

^ ^ Jet, Surface and ^"^ BaroiriQtric Condensers)



September 4, 1920 ' Electric Railway Journal

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One of the 200 new Brooklyn
Rapid Transit "Safety" Cars,
all of which are equipped with
"Bungalow" air compressors.



"Bungalowr** type
air compressor



The ''BUNGALOW" air
compressor, essentially a "Safety'
car machine, has been included in
all the largest installations.

From the big metropolitan cities, where the greatest density of Stree^
car traffic exists, comes the most urgent call for air brake equipment
that will give reliable service and insure freedom from traffic tie-ups
and delays.

Such is Brooklyn, N. Y., for whose busy surface lines the Brooklyn
Rapid Transit Company recently selected "Bungalow" air compressors
for its entire number of 200 new "Safety" cars.

Over 3252 "Safety" cars now running on 182 different electric lines
throughout the United States, are equipped with "Bungalow" com-
pressors.

Brake Building Our Business for a Lifetime

Westinghouse Traction Brake Company

General Offices, Pittsburgh, Pa.
Works, Wilmerding, Pa.



:S




New York
San Francisco



Washington



Chicago
St. Louis



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8^



Electric Railway Journal



September 4, 1920




Said A Traffic Superintendent

"It's the Quick Stop and the Quick Start of

the Safety Car

that have helped us to reduce the congestion on this street. With the old cars
we would never get through the neck of the bottle fast enough. So much time
was lost in closing the rear doors by hand, in getting the starting signal to the
motorman and in notching up slowly on those old-time motors. And, of course,
in making a stop the fact that we had old-fashioned brakes and a heavy car didn't
give us the chance of slipping by a crossing just before the cop put on the
'Stop-Stop.'

"Those seconds gained here or there may not seem much to \ou, but they
count up in the course of the day's work of a car, believe me.

"With the front-entrance operation of these Safety Cars, there's no chance
for slack in the interchange of passengers. The door is closed by air. the verv
moment the last passenger's aboard. There's no waiting for signals from ri
conductor, either. A wave of the hand from the trafHc cop and zip! — thers
she goes across with a faster getaway than many a gas wagon.

"Some car, boy, some car!"

Is a Safety Car because

it is equipped with automatic, laborless apparatus so interlocked,
that regardless of the illness or distraction of the operator, the
power will be cut off instantaneously, the airbrakes and sander
apply immediately thereafter and the doors unlatch for safe
and easy exit. Furthermore, it is a Safety Car only when the
doors must be closed and the step folded before the car can start,
and when the airbrake must be applied before the doors are
Dpened and the step lowered in bringing the car to a service stop,

SAFETY CAR DEVICES COMPANY

Main Office— Boatmen's Bank Bldg., ST. LOTUS, MO.

CHICAGO WASHINGTON, D. C. NEW YO^K PITTSBURGH

Railway Exchange BIdg. Munsey Bldg. Citj' Investment Bldg. Westinghouse Bldg.

SAN FRANCISCO— Southern Pacific Bldg.
C.'^N.'VDA — Canadian Westinghouse Co., Ltd., Hamilton, Ont.



September 4, 1920



Electric Railway Journal




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Usually the ear is out of line with the trolley wire when it first
makes contact with the hanger.



With Ordinary Hanger —



With O-B Lock Hanger-




.ind leave^ a loose joint between ear
a"d hanger.



tiulu. ^oliil ioin; he ween icck ha ger and ear when
the latter c " es in line with the wire.



That Internal Lock Washer
Improves Your Line

Tight, weatherproof joint between every ear and
every O-B Lock Hanger cuts your maintenance cost.

With the ordinary hanger either much time is wasted
shimming up the joint or the lineman lets it go as a
sloppy job.

This never occurs with O-B Lock Hanger. And
they. have all the essential mechanical and electrical
characteristics.

There are different sizes and types sho\\n in O-B
Catalog No. 17.



The Ohio Brass Company

Mansfield, Ohio

Philadelphia Pittsburgh Chicago Los Angeles San Fraiuisiii

Manufactures: Trolley Material, Rail Ronds. Car Eqnipmrnt',
Hi]s:h Tension Insulators, Ttiird Rail Insulators




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■.'•;';•;•;•;



10



Electric Railway Journal



September 4, 1920




Cttijj-iiZP




On Old York Road to
Famous Willow Grove




"USHBHl


^1^


_ ^.iait—— > ^







^





In winter — the stress of weather up to snow-fence severity!

In summer — a 30-second headway to the best summer concerts
in America.

At all times — the grades and cu rves so often met on lines that
began as follow-the-road trolleys.

To insure SAFE operation, there's elaborate signal system.

To insure UNBROKEN operation, there's the use of breakless
Phono-Electric Trolley Wire.

Of which the Philadelphia Rapid Transit Company has scores
and scores of miles in use in all classes of city and suburban
service.



ItMi^Mt '^^m





September 4, 1920



Electric Railway Journal



11




There are other features—
But the main point



IS economy

MORE important just now than
,, ever before, the overshadowing
fact about Steel Twin Tie Track is its
first cost economy.

Economy of materials because all the
concrete in the track foundation takes
its share of the load through the three-
foot by thirteen-inch bearing plates.
Economy of labor because of the



Nort/i Senond

Street

Harrishurgy Pa.

Harrisburg

Railways Co.



simple taper jaw rail clip and the elim-
ination of gauging and excessive sur-
facing.

The eleven years of facts behind Steel
Twin Tie Track make an imposing
collection of data. But they may be
boiled down to two words — Permanence
and Economy — the two essentials of
good engineering.



The International Steel Tie Company

Manufacturers of Steel Twin Ties and Crossing Foundations
16702 Waterloo Road CLEVELAND, O.




" '/"' '•yv'^^/r-











12



Electeic Railway Journal



September 4, 1920




UNION equipment will solve your interurban traffic
^problems.. Let us study your operating conditions and
jco-operate with you in considering what automatic block
^signaling will do for your line.




Trad«

m 69



®tjton ^tottcb J^ Signal Co. g



3W1SSVALE, PA.



J



September 4, 1920



Electric Railway Journal



13



These Keystone Spe-
cialties are Standard
Equipment on nearly
all Safety Cars.





Golden Glow Keystone

Headlights Rotary Gongs



^ i§



Keystcne
Air Sanders



Keystone
rrolley C -tchers




Faraday Car Signal Systems




Iveystone S'erl G-^n:- Cr.s s






Keystone-Hunter Destination Signs

Alwcyj cpecify them for they
will serve you well. Write for
Bulletin No. 267, showing many
other Keystone specialties for
uce on safety cars.



Keystone
Rotary Gongs




Standard equipment on the safety car and de-
signed to meet the traffic conditions today — loud
enough to be heard above the noise of the city
streets.

The old single stroke bell - one ring for each
kick of themotorman's heel — is too familiar to at-
tract attention, but — this one will! One pressure
of the foot gives a steady ring of a dozen or more
strokes on the gong and the sound carries far and
compels attention. Solidly built of rugged mal-
leable iron and steel moving parts and housed for
protection against dirt.



I Electric Sehvice> SuppiyiEs Ca |

S Manufacturer of Railway Material and Electrical Supplies S

= PHILADELPHIA NEW YORK CHICAGO ^

^ 17th and Cambria Streets 50 Church St. Monadnock Building =

SS Canadian Distributors: Lyman Tube & Supply Co, Ltd., Montreal, Toronto ^S



~i



im



14



Electric Railway Journal



September 4, 1920



Don't sell your big cars; convert





Until the coming of the standardized light-weight
safety car, rolling stock practice was just a see-saw
from small cars to big cars and back again.

Every company tried to settle on some one size of
car that would not be too small for the heavy hours
and too big for the off hours.

To-day the safety car is the accepted standard on
many properties for operating the base schedule
throughout the day, leaving on hand a great variety
of large cars that are too costly for light service.

There is no reason, however, why these large cars
should not be transformed and standardized to give

Make your peak periods produce

National Pneumatic Company, Inc.

50 Church Street, New York Edison Bldg., Chicago

Works: Rahway, N. J.



September 4, 1920



Electric Railway Journal



15



them to real "Rushour" cars

Pneumiatim i




the same platform economies as the safety car and
also a higher rate of passenger interchange and effec-
tive fare collection than was deemed possible before
the development of National Pneumatic car speed-up
devices.

This transformation and standardization can be
effected by reconstructing your present cars and ar-
ranging to design your future cars to the National
Pneumatic "Rushour" type in which the need for adapt-
ability to changing methods of operation is the basic
guide for the installation of National Pneumatic Door
Engines, Safety Interlocking Door Control and Door
and Step Operating Mechanisms to

maximum profit and efficiency

National Pneumatic Company, Inc.

50 Church Street, New York Edison Bldg., Chicago

Works: Rah way, N. J.



16



Electric Railway Journal



September 4, 1920





Maysville, Kentucky, showing street scene before and after EIreco Combination Railway and Lighting

Poles were installed.




Maysville,
Kentucky



is the latest city to gain prom-
inence by its progressiveness
in installing a real "White
Way."

The excellent design of this
ornamental Combination pole
is really the secret of its suc-
cess because it carries not only
the span wires of the railway
but lighting wires as well —
thus enabling the cost to be
divided between the railway
company and the lighting
company.



In some of the best appearing cities in the United
States electric railway companies and the city
authorities have gone 50-50 on a real "White Way"
— which has been a success in every instance be-
cause it is good business for all concerned.



Electric Railway Equipment Co.



Cincinnati, Ohio

30 Church St., New York City



September 4, 1920



Electric Railway Journal



17



COPPER
WIRE




By controlling its own supply of raw
material. Anaconda is enabled to keep
production at a normal basis.

Each month millions of pounds of
ore are converted into copper wire and
cable at the Company's Rolling Mills
at Great Falls.

Every step of the manufacturing
processes, from the time the ore is taken
from the mines until the finished prod-
uct leaves the shipping rooms is car-
ried out under centralized supervision.

Whatever your requirements may be
the Anaconda Mills are prepared to
supply them. Whenever you think of
copper wire think of Anaconda.



"Sfvom Ore to finished ^Product *'



18



I



Electric Railway Journal



September 4, 1920



* ^






■%.





IS YOUR ROAD
ON THE MAP Z?



From Coast to Coast

INDIANAPOLIS

Apex Welded Joints



Eliminate Joint Maintenance ! One of

the Biggest Items of Operating

in Paved Streets

Protect your car rider and equipment
from the jar of every low joint and build
it up as strong as newly laid steel rail with
Indianapolis Apex Joints.

Tests on Indianapolis Apex Joints con-
ducted by Robert W. Hunt Company of
Chicago, 111., showed a deflection of but
.018 in. under maximum wheel load.
Tests of Indianapolis Simplex Joints,
made by the Bureau of Standards, Wash-




"APEX" Joint
for Guard and Girder Rail



ington, D. C, showed the conductivity
of this joint as 138 against 100 on un-
broken rail.

Economy in track expenditures is vital.
Better bonding is imperative as the cost
of power losses increases with the in-
creasing cost of coal.
Delays means further expense. Let us
explain in detail.
Welders — Joints — Steel — Eye Lenses.



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