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The bulletin of the School of Medicine of the University of North Carolina [serial] (Volume 7 (1959-1960)) online

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MILL, NORTH CAROLINA



3547 REQUESTED



Non-Profit Organization

U. S. Postage

PAID

CHAPEL HILL. N. C.
Permit No. 24



Vol. VII October, 1959 No. 1




Portrait of Dr. Wesley Critz George — see
article on page 9.



idldi



ITl



To Members of the Medical Society of the State of North Carolina

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Professional Group Disability Division
BOX 147. DURHAM. N. C.



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The Bulletin

of the School of Medicine
of the University of North CaroHna

Pubhshed in cooperation with the Whitehead Medical Society
and the Medical Foundation of North Carolina, Inc.

Vol. VII October, 1959 No. 1

IN THIS ISSUE

A Message from the Dean 7

The Wesley Critz George Portrait 9

Famous Patients 1 3

Excerpts from the Dean's Annual Report 1 5

William Maurice Coppridge 20

Recent Research Grants 22

Presenting the Alumni 24

Presenting the Faculty 2 5

House Staff Notes 26

Student Activities 2 7

Alumni News Items 3 1



Editorial Committee

Ernest Craige, A.B. ('39) M.D. William H. Sprunt, M.D.

Chairman W. R. Straughn, Ph.D.

W. Reece Berryhill, M.D. ('25) George T. Wood, M.D. ('26)

Charles P. Graham, M.D. ('30) Emory S. Hunt

E. A. Hargrove, M.D. Edward Carwile LeRoy ('60)

W. P. Jacocks, M.D. ('09) Gerald Wallace Fernald ('60)

Mary Louise Rutledge, M.D. ('46) John Wells Garden ('61)

George D. Penick ('44) Karl L. Barkley ('62)



Address all inquiries and communications to Emory S. Hunt, 117 Medical
Science Building— or Box 957, Chapel Hill, N. C.

Published four times a year — October, December, February and April —
Entered as third-class matter at the Post Office at Chapel Hill, N. C.



Celebrating 60 Years

of Service to the Community



OFFICERS



CLYDE EUBANKS
President

COLLIER COBB, JR.
Chairman of the Board

J. TEMPLE GOBBEL

Executive Vice President

and Cashier

W. E. THOMPSON
Vice President

W. R. CHERRY

Comptroller and
Assistant Cashier

JOHN T. WETTACH
Assistant Cashier

JACK P. JURNEY
Manager. Carrboro Branch

THELMA HARRIS

Manager,

Glen Lennox Branch



DIRECTORS

COLLIER COBB. JR.
CLYDE EUBANKS

D. D. CARROLL

E. B. CRAWFORD

R. B. FITCH

DR. E. McG. HEDGPETH

ROLAND McCLAMROCH

C. W. STANFORD

F. E. STROWD

J. TEMPLE GOBBEL

W. E. THOMPSON



It was the year 1899

when the Bank of Chapel Hill was charterer

Although the community

and the University were relatively small,

the services of the one-man bank

were in good demand.

Down thru the years, the hometown bank
continued to add to and increase
its facilities, services and personnel.

The Bank of Chapel Hill today

is a $10,000,000 institution

with three modern offices,

two convenient drive-up locations,

and every modern banking facility and

service.



The Ban




apel Hill



Member Federal Deposit Insurance Corp.
GLEN LENNOX CARRBORO CHAPEL HILL



A Message from
The Dean's Office

The October number of The Bulletin for the school year 19 59-60 pre-
sents the first opportunity for the Medical School in an official and public
manner to express its sincere gratitude to and appreciation of the Trustees, the
Alumni, the Parents' Club, and our many friends throughout the state for their
efforts to secure a larger appropriation for the University and for the Medical
School and Hospital in the 19 59 General Assembly.

We are all most grateful for this evidence of the continued interest and
support from the people of North CaroUna — even though the increased ap-
propriation does not provide really adequate support for many well-documented,
serious needs of this growing Medical Center.

At the same time, the increased appropriation provides funds for ( 1 ) ur-
gently needed salary increases for faculty and staflf, (2) for replacement of
obsolescent equipment in the Medical School and Hospital and for some new
equipment, (3) for strengthening and enlarging the research and teaching pro-
grams in psychiatry, and finally (4) for stabilizing in whole or in part a
number of faculty positions which have been financed for the past two-three
years on funds from gifts and grants from various sources.

And so, we begin the new biennium of 19 59-61 in a better position than
previously with respect to faculty salaries, equipment and very important,
with some hope for increased flexibility in the use of funds provided by the
state appropriation.

The enrollment of undergraduate medical students for this session is 266,
the largest yet; there are 21 students in medical technology and physical
therapy — or a total of 287 specifically in the School of Medicine for whose
entire instruction the faculty has responsibiUty.

Previous announcement has been made of the planning for the new $1,000,-
000 Research Wing to the Medical School Building — made possible by a grant
of approximately $5 00,000 from the Health Research Facilities Division of the
U. S. Public Health Service. The architectural drawings for this facility are
nearing completion. It is hoped that construction can begin at the latest by
the early spring of 1960.

The North Carolina Medical Care Commission in its September meeting
has approved grants totaling $111,6 5 as matching funds for converting one
hospital ward — 3 East — into a well-planned, modernly-conceived, special care
unit, and for enlarging and modernizing the Private Outpatient Clinic to be
moved to 4 East. The former facility, when completed within the next year,
will not only add some 3 patient beds but will provide better medical care for
acutely and critically ill patients of both a surgical and medical nature.



Although the new research wing, when completed, will temporarily re-
lieve the inadequate and overcrowded laboratories of many departments, the
increasing space needs in the hospital become more acutely critical by the
month. The truth of the matter is that in seven years the demands of patient
service, education, and research already far exceed the capacity of the present
facilities.

The faculty and the administration of the hospital and medical school are
devoting much time in planning for physical expansion of our facilities as well
as for functional rearrangement in the institution. The realities of the situa-
tion are, however, that funds are essential both for intelligent planning and,
most importantly, for the implementation of the plans and these are difficult
to get. The time has come when every effort must be made to secure funds
from all possible sources for this needed physical expansion — we are already
falling behind.

This year the Medical Alumni and the Parents' Club are making a deter-
mined effort for additional funds to provide financial assistance to medical
students in the form of scholarships and loan funds. There is reason to feel
encouraged over these efforts. Your assistance in this urgent need is earnestly
requested.

The bond issue for capital improvements scheduled for October is most
important for the future of the University — as well as for other state institu-
tions. We urge that each of you actively work for this. In addition to the
sienificance of these funds for the future of the University, the Medical School
will benefit both indirectly and directly. A new building for the School of
Pubhc Health is included in the funds proposed for the University. During
the early planning for the Medical School expansion more than a decade ago,
it was generally understood by all concerned in the University Administration
and the Trustees Building Committee that when the School of Public Health
could be housed in its own building, the ground floor of the present building
would be made available for the Medical School.

Finally, during the months immediately ahead, the Alumni Officers, Class
Representatives, and District Chairmen will be contacting you in regard to
the 195 9 Alumni Fund for the School of Medicine. Your financial support —
although modest to date — as well as your moral support is essential to the con-
tinued growth and success of this school. This year the major request is for
scholarship and loan funds for medical students; but other important activities
of the school — not provided for by funds from any other source — are also made
possible by the Alumni gifts to the Medical Foundation. You can do much to
assure these goals set by the alumni officers by your own support and by pre-
senting these needs to people of means among your patients and in your com-
munities. Please keep these opportunities in mind.

W. R. Berryhill, M.D., Dean



The Portrait Presenta-
tion ceremonies were held
on April 10, 1959, when
Dr. McKnight ('18),
Trustee and loyal alum-
nus of the University,
made these informal and
extemporaneous remarks.

The portrait was then
unveiled by Miss Eliza-
beth Dortch, granddaugh-
ter of Dr. George.



The Wesley Critz George Portrait

By Roy B. McKnight ('18), M.D.-"

Mr. President, ladies and gentle- _

men. It is a happy chore that I have
to perform this afternoon. I just
now remarked to Skin McClamroch
that I had no prepared speech, and
he retorted: "Good Lord, you'll
ramble on for an hour — I know you
too well!" Well, I believe I have
finally learned the three require-
ments for a good speech; you have
to have some idea of what you pro-
pose to say — that is of some impor-
tance, say it — that perhaps is of
minor importance, and most impor-
tant of all — sit down. However, I must reminisce just a little in
telling you something about him we honor today.

It is necessary to look back over the years, back to the days
whenever it rained they placed planks across Franklin Street so
that one could get across without wading in mud up to his knees.
It was then my good fortune, as a freshman and sophomore, to
get to know and like a senior and graduate student. This came
about in several ways. First, all students had to belong to a
literary society. There was some sort of imaginary line drawn
perpendicularly across the state bisecting Chapel Hill. Those
who came from the west of this line joined the Di Society and
those from the east the Phi Society. You had to attend every
Saturday night; if you didn't, it cost you. Being from the west,
I attended the Di Society. The presiding officer for a semester
was Critz George. Second, the Athletic Association in those days
was composed of students — now, that's one for Ripley! The
president of that organization on one occasion was Critz George.
Third, he was editor-in-chief of the Magazine, a student literary
publication, in his senior year. Fourth, and perhaps the most
significant from a personal standpoint, was the little group or-
ganized by Dr. James Finch Royster, Professor of English and
Head of that Department, to petition for the re-establishment of
the local chapter of his College Fraternity, Sigma Chi, which had



died a natural death on this campus some ten or twelve years
previously. Critz was among the first selected for this rather
close-knit httle group that got to know each other intimately.
So it was, through these and other channels, I came to know Critz
and form a friendship which has ripened throughout the years.

On page 36 of the 1911 Yackety Yack you will find this
write-up:

WESLEY CRITZ GEORGE — ELKIN

"A noticeable man, with large grey eyes."

"In the steady and conservative element of his class,
'George' is one of the leaders. He holds down the Maga-
zine, has developed considerable ability as a writer, and
takes high rank in his studies. He does a good deal of quiet «

thinking for himself, is not fond of noise and crowds.
'George' will make good."

So, everyone thought he would devote his talents to the
literary arts. It was not so to be, for under the influence and
teaching of that great and inspiring man. Dr. "Froggy" Wilson,
Critz became interested in biology and specifically, at first, zo-
ology.

Now for a brief biography. Critz was born up in Yadkin
County, the son of Thomas Millard George and Mary Critz
George. He obtained his precollege education largely in private
schools, run for the most part by his father. He entered the Uni-
versity of North Carolina in 1907 and graduated with an A.B.
degree in 1911. Much of his college expenses were earned by
working in the print shop. In 1912 he received his Master of
Science degree in Zoology and was a part-time instructor in this
branch of biology until 1918 when he earned his Ph.D. degree.
He taught biology at Guilford College for a year and was a Hin-
ton Maule Fellow in Biology at Princeton University. He did
his bit in Uncle Sam's Army, then served for a while as Adjunct
Professor of Zoology at the University of Georgia and later as
Associate Professor of Histology and Embryology at the Univer-
sity of Tennessee. Returning to the University of North Caro-
lina he has given his life and manifold talents to the University
he loves. In 1924 he was made a full professor in charge of His-
tology and Embryology. For eleven years he served as Head of
the Department of Anatomy.

His first of many scientific papers was published in 1915. It
is interesting to note how appropriate the title is today in this

10



age of so-called atomic medicine: "The Influence of Radium Rays
on Germ Cells and Embryonic Tissues." He is a member of var-
ious state and national societies both scientific and otherwise. He
has been honored with the presidency of the Elisha Mitchell
Scientific Society, the North Carolina Academy of Science and
of the local chapter of the scientific fraternity, Sigma Xi. He is
a member of the American Association of Zoologists, the Ameri-
can Society of Anatomists, the American Society of Human
Genetics, and others. Much of his work lies in the field of com-
parative studies of the blood of invertebrate animals and in in-
vertebrate embryology.

He has served on many administrative boards of the Univer-
sity. To show you how versatile he is, did you know that he laid
out and supervised construction of the Chapel Hill Country Club
Golf Course? For twenty years he has been Chairman of the
Medical School Library Committee, and we have him to thank
largely for the splendid Medical Library we have. I strongly
suspect this is Critz's greatest love and I have an idea he would
like for this portrait to hang in the library some day. He is an
Episcopalian and has served as vestryman in the local church.

In 1926 he married his lovely wife who was Miss Wilma
Kirk Green of Monroe. This union is blessed with a lovely
daughter, Patricia, who is now Mrs. John Dortch of Greensboro
and the mother of two wonderful little girls.

This presentation would be incomplete unless I told you
how this portrait came to be. A year or so ago Dean Berryhill
and I were discussing this portrait business and naturally agreed
that there should be one of Dr. George. It was a question of
raising the necessary funds and I volunteered to do it. We or-
ganized a small committee and went to work. With the aid of
the Dean's Office and the Medical Foundation several hundred
letters were mailed out to his friends, classmates and former stu-
dents, asking for modest donations. Scores of checks from five
to twenty-five dollars came in promptly. The donor of a rather
large check for sound reasons wished to remain anonymous. A
long distance phone call from one of Carolina's most loyal alumni
asked me how much he should give. I replied, and not entirely
facetiously, that he ought to send in a check for two or three
thousand dollars! He said he understood the spirit of the request
and would make a modest donation, but with the understanding
that if we failed to raise the money he wanted to make up the

11



difference! Incidentally, it was not necessary for him to do so.
So that's how it came about, Critz — many small donations from
your numerous friends, your classmates and your former stu-
dents.

To know a man like Critz George and to be a friend of his
has been one of the really nice things of my life. He is an out-
standing scientist. He is a good man. He is a gentle man. He
is a gentleman. He is possessed with that priceless virtue of hu-
mility, but thoroughly capable of thinking for himself, drawing
his own convictions and standing up for them in the face of any
opposition. So, on behalf of all those who made this portrait
possible, it is my rare privilege to present to the University of
North Carolina and the School of Medicine this remarkable like-
ness in oil of one of her devoted sons.



Take of my experience but give me of your dreams. — W. J. Mayo, M.D.

Ohne hast, ohne rest — without haste, without pause. — Motto of Paul
Ehrlich.



Orange County Building and Loan
Association

West Franklin St. — Chapel Hill, N. C
A Thrift Institution

SAVINGS — HOME LOANS SINCE 1920

Current Dividends 3 |^ %
Compounded Semi-Annually



12



Famous Patients

I. Alexis St. Martin

The patient was a 19-year-old !

Canadian Indian, working as .
hunter and trapper for the Amer- Jr

ican Fur Company, Mackinac J

Island, Northwest Territory. I 1 *^ ^*'* /j

CHIEF COMPLAINT: Gun- ' *y>l" /

shot wound of the left chest and \_

abdomen. -^^w

PRESENT ILLNESS : The pa-
tient was in excellent health until

June, 1822, when he accidentally "

received the full load of a shot-

gun not three feet away into his > . ■

left chest and back. The powder ^ J

set fire to his shirt.

PHYSICAL EXAMINA- ^,„,, j, ^„,,„ „ „, ,^, „-
TION: Dr. William Beaumont, si. From Life and Letters of
post-surgeon at Fort Mackinac William Beaumont by T. C. Myer.
Hospital, found that the shot had

passed from the left of the spine, downward and outward,
through the beds of the 5th and 6th ribs, leaving an exit wound
the size of a man's hand in the left upper abdomen. Bits of
wadding, clothing and rib fragments were cleaned from the
injury. A portion of the lung the size of a hen's egg bulged
from one area of the wound and the stomach was visible in
another.

COURSE OF ILLNESS: The patient survived debride-
ment, wound infection, osteomyelitis, empyema, necrosis of the
lung and a persistent gastrostomy. He was fed, clothed and
lodged in Dr. Beaumont's home until 1825, when Beaumont first
conceived the idea of "experimenting upon the gastric fluids and
powers of digestion" through the persistent opening in the
stomach.
\ Never a pleasant person to deal with, petulant and childish,

with no conception of Beaumont's purposes, St. Martin submit-
ted, with appropriate groans and moans, for almost 3 Yz years to
the indignities of medical experimentation. His stomach ac-

13



cepted, digested and regurgitated all manner of food and foreign
material for the avid experimenter. It was drained of its juices
at regular intervals. Often the weary patient was asked to hold
flasks of the cloudy liquid in his armpit for long hours, acting as
incubator in addition to experimental subject.

Finally, surfeited with science, he escaped and went back to
his home to become a drunken pauper, neglecting his wife and 17
children. When the need for money was very great, he exhibited
himself to the highest bidder. But even with this way of life, he
managed to outlive Dr. Beaumont by 28 years, and he died in
1880 a penniless freak.

Even in death, science pursued him. Doctors from over the
world sent requests for permission to autopsy the body of this
man who had been a walking experiment in gastric physiology.
Young William Osier wrote from Montreal requesting the stom-
ach for his anatomical museum. But the St. Martin family
buried the decomposing body eight feet deep to thwart all at-
tempts at medical resurrection and were successful.

Kequiescat in pace.



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14




Excerpts from the Dean's Annual Report
To the Chancellor

ENROLLMENT AND EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITIES

The total number of students in all categories taught by the
Medical Faculty, including Continuation Education courses, was
1,693.

While a fairly generous increase by the 19 57 General As-
sembly provided for additional faculty in several departments
the fact remains that as a whole the School is still inadequately
staffed for the increasing teaching load, particularly for students
from without the Medical School itself. It seems very clear that
additional faculty must be provided to enable all to fulfill ade-
quately the responsibilities in teaching and patient care and
equally important their opportunity in investigation.

Admissions and Applications for Medicine

For the first time since the expansion of the Medical School
the number of applicants decreased from that of the previous
year. Further, there is some indication that the quality of these
applicants, at least as measured by their academic performances
and their scores on the Medical College Admissions Test, has also
declined. We have lost a larger-than-usual number of top-rank-
ing applicants accepted here and also at other medical schools in
this region which have excellent scholarships to offer.

At the same time it is essential that every effort, including
the removal of the out-of-state differential in tuition and the
provision of financial assistance for undergraduate and graduate
students, be made in order to attract men and women of the
highest intellectual and moral quality into medicine and to the
University of North Carolina. While our primary responsibility
must always be to residents of this State, for many reasons, not
the least of which is that medicine has no state boundaries, it is
highly desirable to accept superior students from other regions.


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