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Constantijn Huygen ; after Netscher.
John Henry Thim ; A . Utech pinx.
Jerome de Beverningh ; after Vaillant.
Willem van Haren ; after the same. 1680.
Egbert Meesz Kortenaer, Admiral of Holland ; Bart.

van der Heist pinx.

The Marquis de Mirabelle ; after Van Di/ck.
Ferdinand de Fiirstenberg, Bishop of Paderborn A.

Blotelina sc. 1669.
Michel Adriaensz de Ruyter, Admiral ; Bloteling fee.

aquaforti.

Sir Thomas More, Lord High Chancellor.
Edward Stillingfleet, Canon of St. Paul's.
Henry, Duke of Norfolk. 1678.
Jane, Duchess of Norfolk. 1681.
Augustus Stellingwerf, Admiral of Friesland.
Cornelia de Wit, Vice Admiral of Holland.
Tierck Hides de Fries, Admiral of Friesland.
Cornelia Speelman, Vice Admiral.

VARIOUS SUBJECTS AFTER HIS OWN DESIGNS

AND OTHER MASTERS.

Twelve Views of Gardens ; inscribed Alcune t'edute,#c.
Eighteen circular plates of subjects of sacred history,

with flowers; A . B/oteliny fee.
A Landscape, with Diana bathing ; J. van Neck pinx.;

A. Bloteling exc.

A Landscape, with Alpheus and Arethusa ; the same.
Six Views of the Environs of Amsterdam ; Jac. Ruts-

dael inv. ; A. Bloteling fee. 1670.
Actaxm devoured by his Dogs ; G. Flink pinx.
A Shepherd playing on his Pipe, with a Shepherdess ;

after the same.

The Golden Age ; G. Lairesse pinx. ; N. Visscher exc.
The Marriage of St. Catharine ; after Raphael.
Two Heads of Children ; after Rubens ; rare ; some

impressions have the name of Rubens.
The Study of the Head of a Man; after Rubens; A.

Blotelinq fee. et exc. ; rare.
Four Studies of Lions ; after Rubens ; inscribed Varies

Leonum Icones, a P. P.
Two Huntings of the Boar and Stag ; fine.

PRINTS IN MEZZOTINT.

PORTRAITS.

Justus Lipsius ; A. Bloteling fee.
Michelangelo Buonarroti ; A. Bloteling fee.
Frans Miens, painted by himself; A. Bloteling fee.
Jan de Wit, Graud Pensionary of Holland ; after De

Baan.

Cornelis de Wit, the brother of Jan ; after De Baan.
Staverinus, an old Jew, holding a Medal : Corn, Bega

pinx.

Titus Gates ; Haicker pinx.
Desiderius Erasmus ; H. Holbein pinx. 1671.
Henry Bennet, Earl of Arlington ; after Lely; oval.
Charles, Earl of Derby ; after the same.
Abraham Symmonds, an artist ; after the same.
Queen Catharine ; after the same.

William Henry, Prince of Orange ; after the same. 1678.
Nell Gwyn ; P. Lely pinx.

Mary of Modena, Duchess of York ; after the same.
< ''irurlis Tromp. Admiral of Holland ; after the same.
Michiel Adriensz de Kuijter, Admiral of Holland ; J.

Lievens pinx.

The Emperor Leopold I. ; C. Morad pin.r.
Henry Casimir, Prince of Nassan ; M. van Muscherpinx.
Portrait of a Venetian Lady ; Titiano inv.
Constantijn Huygens ; B. I'alliant pinx.
Jan de Crouefeld ; after the same.



VARIOUS SUBJECTS FROM HIS OWN DESIGNS AND

OTHER MASTERS.
The Five Senses ; after C. Bega.
The Four Ages ; circular ; after the same.
Hercules destroying the monster ; G. Lairesse pinx.
St. Peter penitent ; after P. iforeels.
A Landscape, with mythological figures ; F. de Neve

pinx.

The Temptation of St. Anthony ; Cam. Procaccini pinx.
A Man holding a glass ; Rostrate pinx.
Bust of a Man ; circular.

Bust of a young Man crowned with laurels ; circular.
Bust of Hippolyta ; oval.
Two Heads, with Phrygian and Grecian Head-dresses ;

one plate.

The Satyr, and a Peasant ; oval.
Vanitas, a Child blowing bubbles.
Abundance, a figure sitting.
The head of a Vestal, crowned with roses.
Small bust of Jupiter ; circular.
Small bust of Venus ; same.
Half length of a Boy holding a Cat.
Cupid and Psyche.
A Blind Man playing on the Flute.
Andromeda.

BLOT, M ADRICE, a French line-engraver, was born
in Paris in 1754. He was a pupil of Augustin de
St. Auhin, and engraved some portraits and fancy
subjects in a neat style. He died in Paris in 1818.
We have by him :

L'Occupation du Manage, and Companion ; after Aulry.
La Promesse de Manage, and Le Verrou ; afUr Fra-

gonard.

Marcus Sextus ; after Guerin.
Meditation ; after Guide.
A Boy blowing bubbles ; after F. Mieris.
Mars and Venus; after N. Poussin.
La Vierge aux Candelabres j after Raphael.
Vanity ; after Leonardo da Vinci.
The Judgment of Paris ; after Van der Werf.
The Dauphin and Madame Royal, the children of Louis

XVI. ; after Madame Le Brun. 1786.
Giovanni Angelo Braschi, Pope Pius VI., a frontispiece

for the Life of that pontiff. 1799.
Jupiter and lo ; after Regnault (Musee Francais).
Jupiter and Calisto ; after the same (Musfe Francais).
Andr6 Guillaume de G(5ry, abbS of St. Genevieve ; after

himself.

BLOTELING. See BLOOTELING.

BLUNCK, DITLEV CONRAD, who was bom at
Breitenburg, near Itzehoe, in 1799, studied from
1814 to 1827 in the Academy of Copenhagen, under
Eckersberg. In 1828 he went to Rome, where he
spent ten years, and was much influenced by the
style of Carstens. On his return from Italy he
lived at Vienna and at Hamburg, where he died in
1853. Among his best works are the following :

Christian IV. at Rothenburg. 1823.
Elijah raising the Widow's Son to life. 1827.
The Four Ages of Man.
Manifestation of God to "\

Th^Engtve'rThis work- \ In the ^^- Gallery.
table. 1826.

^n ' dsen Mu .
smm > Copenhagen.



Danish
Artists in a Roman Inn.



BLYHOOFT, ZACHARIAS, a Dutch painter, of
whom but little is known ; it is supposed that he
ived at Middelburg between 1625 and 1700. Two
pictures by him are noticed in the Catalogues of
Hoet and Terwesten, and, in regard to their merit,
compared to those of Netscher. For this reason

is noticed here, as many pictures are ascribed to
Netscher that resemble his manner, but are not by
lira.

149



A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF



BLYTH, ROBERT, an English engraver, was born
in 1750. We have some spirited etchings by him
from drawings by John Hamilton Mortimer, A.R.A.
He led a careless life, and committed suicide in
1784. The following are his best plates:

Three, of Studies ; in the style of Salvator Rosa and
J)e Lairesse.

Four of the same, with inscriptions.

Bust of an Oriental Chief. 1779 ; oval.

Bast of an old Man ; oval.

Banditti going on an expedition. 1780.

Banditti returning from an expedition. 1780.

The Captive. 1781.

The life and death of a Soldier ; four plates.

Fishermen.

A Nymph, with a basket of flowers, sitting on the sea-
shore, with a shepherd.

Gaius Marius reflecting on the ruins of Carthage.

Nebuchadnezzar recovering his reason ; companion.

Homer reciting his Verses to the Grecians.

BOADEN, JOHN, a portrait painter, exhibited
his works for many years, between 1812 and 1838,
at the Royal Academy and the Society of British
Artists. He died in 1839. In the South Kensing-
ton Museum is a portrait of the Rev. Chauncy
Hare Townshend by him.

BOATERI, JACOPO, a native of Bologna, and a
pupil of Francia, flourished in the 15th century.
He is known as the author of a ' Holy Family,' in
the Pitti Palace, Florence. The dates of his birth
and death are alike unrecorded.

BOBA, GEORGE, a painter and engraver of the
16th century, known by the name of MA!TRE
GEORGES, was a native of Rheims, and is said by
some to have been a disciple of Frans Floris, and
by others of Titian. His name in full, or included
in a monogram very small, is found on some etch-
ings of landscapes with historical subjects, after
Primaticcio ; Bartsch gives an account of six of
them.

BOBADILLA, GERONIMO DE, a Spanish painter,
was born at Antequera, a small town in the vicinity
of Seville, in 1620. According to Palomino he was
a scholar of Francisco Zurbaran, whose manner he
followed. He excelled in painting historical sub-
jects of a medium size and perspective views.
He used a peculiar varnish on his pictures,
which Murillo compared to crystal. He was
a great collector of academic figures, drawings,
models, and sketches of celebrated artists. He was
one of the founders of the Academy at Seville
in 1660, and continued to support it until his death,
which took place in that city in 1680.

BOBBIN, TIM, a name assumed by John Collier,
the caricaturist. See COLLIER.

BOCANEGRA, PEDRO ATANASIO, a Spanish
painter, was born at Granada in 1638. He was a
scholar of Alonso Cano, but, according to Palomino,
improved himself in colouring by studying the
works of Pedro de Moya and Van Dyck. In the
cloister of Nuestra Senora de Gracia, at Granada,
is a picture by him of the ' Conception,' and at the
College of the Jesuits is one of his most esteemed
works, representing the ' Conversion of St. Paul.'
He died at Granada in 1688. He was vain and
arrogant, and boasted his superiority to all the
artists of his time ; but on being challenged to a
contest of ability by Mathias de Torres, he slunk
from the trial, and left Madrid. His works were,
however, much coveted, and no collection was
considered complete without a specimen. The
' Death of St. Clara ' by him is in the Hermitage,
St. Petersburg.
150



BOCCACCINO, BOCCACCIO, was born at Cremona,
it is believed, in 1460, and was either a pupil or
co-disciple of Domenico Panetti. Influenced by
Mantegna, he became a celebrated painter, and
executed in Sant' Agostino, at Cremona, several
frescoes, in 1497. He visited Rome, but not being
successful with his ' Coronation of the Virgin,' in
Santa Maria Transpontina, he returned to Cremona.
Some of his works bear a strong resemblance to
those of Perugino, particularly his ' Marriage of
the Virgin,' and ' The Madonna, with St. Vincent
and St. Anthony,' in the church of San Vincenzio at
Cremona, which have been frequently regarded as
the productions of Vannucci. One of his most
admired performances is a frieze in the cathedral
at Cremona, where he has represented the ' Birth
of the Virgin,' and some subjects from her life,
painted in 1506 1518. In these Lanzi considers
him inferior to Perugino in composition, less
beautiful in the airs of his heads, and less vigor-
ous in light and shadow, but richer in his drapery,
more varied in colour, more spirited in his attitudes,
and perhaps not less harmonious and pleasing in
his architecture and landscape. Lanzi observes of
this painter, that he was the best modern among
the ancients, and the best ancient among the
moderns. He was one of the instructors of Ben-
venuto Garofalo. His works extend from 1496 to
1518, and this last date is usually given as the
year of his death ; but his will was made in January,
1525 (new style), and an inventory of the pro-
perty divided among his heirs, December 26th,
1525. The following are some of his best works :

Cremona. Cathedral. Appearance of the Angel to

Joachim. 1515.

,, Meeting of Joachim and Anna

Birth of the Virgin. 1515.

Marriage of the Virgin.

., The Annunciation. 1508.

The Visitation.

Adoration of the Shepherds.

The Circumcision.

Christ reasoning with the Doc-

tors. 1518.

Christ between the four Patron

Saints of Cremona. 1506.

(All the above are frescoes.

9. Quirico. Virgin and two Saints. 1518.

Ferrara. Pinacoteca.Dea.th of the Virgin.
London. Jfat. Gal. Procession to Calvary.
Paris. Louvre. Holy Family.

Vi-ni. i>. Acad. Marriage of St. Catharine.

S. Giuftano.Virgin and Child with four

Saints.

BOCCACCINO, CAMILLO, the son of Boccaccio
Boccaccino, was born at Cremona in 1511, and was
brought up under his father. Educated in the
Gothic maxims of Boccaccio, and only permitted
the career of a very short life, he, however, formed
to himself a style which was both pleasing and
grand ; and he was considered as the greatest
genius of the Cremonese school. In 1537 he
painted in the niches of the cupola of San Sigis-
inondo the 'Four Evangelists,' so much in the
style of Correggio, that it appears almost incredible
that a young man of twenty-six years of age, who
had never frequented the school of that painter,
could approach so near to the greatness of Cor-
reggio, both in the intelligence of perspective and
in foreshortening. Two other works of this
painter, at Cremona, are justly admired the
' Raising of Lazarus ' and the ' Adulteress before
Christ,' surrounded by friezes of a numerous group
of Angels, finely composed, and designed in the



PAINTERS AND ENGRAVERS.



loftiest style. This promising artist died in the
prime of life, in 1546.

BOCCACCINO, FRANCESCO, was born at Cremona
about the year 1680. He studied at Rome, firsl
under Brandi, and afterwards in the school oi
Carlo Maratti, under whom he acquired a pleasing
manner of composing and painting easel pictures
of historical subjects, which were well esteemed in
private collections, and of which he painted more
than of larger works for the churches. He some-
times imitated the style of Albani, and, like that
painter, he was fond of treating mythological
subjects. He died in 1750.

BOCCARDI, GIOVANNI, known as Maestro GIO-
VANNI, was a miniature painter who lived at
Florence in the early part of the 16th century, and
who, with his son FRANCESCO, painted (1507-23)
a number of the choir-books of Monte Cassino and
Perugia. The influence of the school of Raphael
was noticeable in these productions.

BOCCATI, GIOVANNI, of Camerino, is known by
a picture signed and dated 1447 in the Gallery
of Perugia. The subject is ' The Virgin and Child
enthroned, and surrounded by Angels, Seraphim,
and Saints.'

BOCCHI, FAUSTINO, was born, according to Or-
landi, at Brescia in 1659. He was a scholar of
Angelo Everardi, called II Fiamminghino. He
chiefly excelled in painting battles and skirmishes
of cavalry, which he composed with great in-
genuity, and touched with a spirited pencil. His
figures, though on a small scale, are correctly
drawn, and his landscapes are very pleasing. He
died in 1742.

BOCCIARDO, CLEMENTS, called CLEMENTONE
according to Soprani, from the prodigious size of
his person was born at Genoa in 1620. He was a
scholar of Bernardo Strozzi, and accompanied Bene-
detto Castiglione to Rome, where he studied some
time, and afterwards visited Florence, where he
met with encouragement, and painted his portrait
for the Florentine Gallery. It is engraved in the
' Museo Florentine.' His principal works are at Pisa,
of which Lanzi distinguishes his ' Martyrdom of St.
Sebastian,' in the church of the Carthusians. More
ingenious in his compositions, and more correct in
his design, than Strozzi, he is inferior to him in the
truth and purity of his tints. He died in 1658.

BOCCIARDO, DOMENICO, was born at Finale,
near Genoa, about the year 1686, and was a dis-
ciple and a follower of the style of Giov. Maria
Morandi. Without the possession of much inven-
tion, he was a correct designer and an agreeable
colourist. In the church of San Paolo, at Genoa,
is a picture by this painter of St. John baptizing
several figures.

BOCHOLT, FRANZ VON, a German engraver,
who flourished from 1458 to 1480, is said to have
been a shepherd at Mons, in Hainault ; but it is
more probable he was a native of Bocholt, a small
town in the bishopric of Miinster. His prints,
amounting to fifty-five, are chiefly copies after the
plates of Martin Schongauer and Von Meckenen,
although he engraved some few plates from his
own designs. They are all executed in a laboured,
stiff style, and are generally marked F. v. B. The
following are by him :

COPIES FROM MARTIN SCHONGADER.

St. Anthony carried into the air by demons

St. James reading

St. Michael and the Dragon.



COPIES FROM ISRAEL VON MECKENEN.
The Judgment of Solomon.
The Annunciation.
The Virgin and Child ; in an arch.

SUBJECTS FROM HIS OWN DESIGNS.
A Friar struggling with a Girl, who defends herself with

her distaff.

Samson strangling the Lion.
Two Men quarrelling.
St. George and the Dragon, with ' Francis van Bocholt,'

in very old characters.

BOCK, HANS, was a German painter of the 16th
century, who flourished at Basle, where he executed,
within and without the Rathhaus, some colossal
frescoes, which render his name famous. The
Rathhaus also possesses a painting of the 'Calumny
of Apelles,' by him. His works, though mannered,
display much power and energy.

BOCKHORST, JAN VAN. See BOEKHORST.

BOCKHORST, JOHANN VON, called LANGEN JAN,
was born at Miinster in 1610. His family had settled
at Antwerp when he was young, and he became a
scholar of Jacob Jordaens. Under that able in-
structor he became a very distinguished painter
of historical subjects. There are many of his
pictures in the churches in Flanders, and they are
deservedly ranked among the best productions of
the Flemish school. In 1633 he entered the Guild
of St. Luke at Antwerp. He seems to have taken
the works of Van Dyck as his model, and some
of his best pictures are so much in the styls of
that admirable painter that they may easily be
mistaken for his works. He also excelled as a
portrait painter; many of his portraits are only
inferior to those of Van Dyck. He died in 1668.
The following are some of his principal works :

( Church of Triptych Resurrection : Annun-
| Beguines. ciation : and Ascension.
St. Augustin. The Empress Helena with the

true Cross.

Ghent. St. Jacques. Martyrdom of St. James.

Lille. Museum. Martyrdom of St 1 Maurice. 1661.

Madrid. Gallery. Mercury.

n Ulysses in female attire at the

Court of Lycomedes.

BOCKLIN. J. C.. was a German engraver, who
executed a set of British portraits for a German
edition of the 'History of England.' They are
poorly engraved, and the whole are copied from
the prints by White.

BOOKMAN, G., was a mezzotint engraver, who,
if not a native of England, resided here in the first
half of the 18th century. He appears to have
been also a painter, as he engraved a plate of ' St.
Dunstan and the Devil,' which is signed with his
name, with the addition of pinx. et sculp., 1743.
He died about 1768. We have several portraits
by him, among which are the following :

William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland ; after Van Loo.
Another Portrait of the same, with his hat on ; ad

vivum. 1746.
Mary, fourth Daughter of George II., consort of Fred-

erick II., of Hesse Cassel ; after J. Worsaale.
Philip Yorke, Earl of Hardwicke ; after M. DahZ.
Thomas Chubb, the Deist.

BOCKMAN, R., is known as the painter of
portraits of Naval Heroes at Greenwich Hospital
vnd Hampton Court, and also as a mezzotint
engraver. It is believed that he died about 1769.

BOCKSBERGER, HANS, (or BOCKSPERGER,) born
at Salzburg in 1540. He painted battle-pieces,
Bunting-parties, allegorical, mythological, and his-
torical subjects ; and was principally occupied with

I Ol



.



A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF



the decorations of houses at Munich, Augsburg,
Ingolstadt, Passau, Ratisbon, Landahut, and Salz-
burg. As a wood-engraver he illustrated the fol-
lowing :

The Bible with 122 plates. 1565.

Livy. 1573.

Flavius Josephus. 15651571.

The Book of Animals, by G. Schaller. 1592.

All of these were published by Feyerabend, at Frank-
fort. Besides these, there exist by him several
handsome designs for armour.

BOCQDET, NICOLAS, a French engraver, men-
tioned by Basan, lived about the year 1601. There
are two indifferent prints by him :

Adam and Eve ; after Raphael.

St. Bruno kneeling before a Crucifix ; after Bon de
Boullonyne.

BODART, PIETEB, a native of Holland, resided
at Leyden about the year 1723. His prints are
little known in England. His principal work is a
drawing-book, entitled " Les Principaux f ondements
du Dessein," published at Leyden in 1723. It con-
sists of a great number of plates of heads, hands,
feet, figures, and groups, from the designs of
Gerard Hoet. They are chiefly etched, in an
indifferent style.

BODDINGTON, HENRY JOHN, was born in 1811.
He was one of the sons of Edward Williams, of
Barnes, and changed his name because so many of
his family were painters. He was a member of
the Society of British Artists, and a constant con-
tributor to their exhibitions, usually sending views
on the Thames, or other river subjects. He also
exhibited at the Royal Academy. He died at
Barnes in 1865.

BODEKKER, JOHANNES FREDERIK, a Dutch
portrait painter, was born at Cleve in 1660. He
was a scholar of Jan de Baan, and met with great
encouragement in his profession at Amsterdam
and the Hague. One of his best productions was
the half-length portrait of Duke Eberhard Ludwig
of Wiirtemberg. There is a poorly-scraped mezzo-
tint by this artist of a ' Boy and a Girl,' half-
figures, with flowers, after his master, J. de Baan.
He died at Amsterdam in 1737.

BODEMER, JAKOB, was born in 1777 at Not-
tingen, in the vicinity of Carlsruhe. He worked at
first as an enamel painter in Geneva, but in 1799
entered the Academy of Vienna, and devoted him-
self to the profession of enamel portrait paint-
ing, and brought that art to perfection by the
inventi'on of a glass-like coating to the pictures.
He died at Vienna in 1824. The following are
specified among his productions :

Mary with the Child Jesus (in possession of Prince Zin-

zendorf).

Madonna in Prayer; after Holbein (Count Czernin's).
Cupid ; after Paolo Veronese.
Portraits of the Imperial Family of Austria.

BODENEHR, MORITZ, engraver to the court at
Dresden, was born at Freiburg in 1665 and died at
Dresden in 1749. He engraved a suite of thirty-
two mythological and poetical pieces after Samuel
Botschild, which were published, with his name, in
1693. His father, JOHANN GEORG BODENEHR, was
an eminent engraver, who was born in 1631, and
died in 1704 ; and his brothers, GABRIEL and
GEORG CONRAD, followed the same profession.
Their sons seem to have continued it, for the name
of Bodenehr is found to a late period, but with
no particular distinction. There was, however, a
second JOHANN GEORG BODENEHR, an engraver and
152



worker in mezzotint, who was born at Dresden in
1691, and died at Augsburg in 1730.

BODERECHT, MARKDS, a German engraver in
mezzotint, flourished about the year 1739. He
was chiefly employed in portraits, and among
others engraved that of Johann Thomas Rauner,
with the above date.

BODINIER, GUILLAUHE, a French historical and
portrait painter, was born at Angers in 1795. He
studied at Rome under the direction of Pierre
Guerin, and exhibited at the Salon from 1827 to
1857. After a long residence in Rome he returned
to his native city, where he became director of the
Museum, and died in 1872. His best work is the
' Angelus in the Campagna of Rome,' painted in

1836, and formerly in the collection of the Duke of
Orleans.

BODMER, GOTTLIEB, born at Munich in 1804,
was a painter, designer, and lithographer. He first
painted portraits under Stieler. In 1829 he drew
upon the stone the celebrated Madonna di San
Sisto, after the engraving of F. Miiller, and after-
wards two paintings after H. Hess, viz., ' Christmas
Eve,' and a small altar-piece. He visited Paris,
and died at Munich in 1837. The following are
notable works :

The Departure of King Otto.

King Ludwig I. in his family circle.

The Knight and his Love ; after Foltz.

The Swiss Grenadier ; after Kirner.

BOECE. See BOETIUS.

BOEGLER, KARL, who was born at Munich in

1837, practised there and at Wiesbaden as a
painter of architecture and views. He died in his
native city in 1866. In the New Pinakothek at
Munich there are three views of buildings, dated
1865, by him.

BOEHMER, KARL WILHELM, was a painter and
engraver of Saxony. He was brother-in-law and
scholar of Dietrich. There is a series of land-
scapes and marine subjects engraved by him,
with the dates 1744 and 1754, published in 8vo
and 12mo, with his name or monogram. The
series is rare.

BOEKEL, VAN, a pupil of Frans Snyders,
painted living and dead animals. He died in Paris
in 1673. In the Louvre there is a picture by him
of a man with dogs and game.

BOEKHORST, JAN VAN, (or BOCKHORST,) who
was born at Deutekom in 1661, was a scholar of
Kneller. He passed some time with that artist in
London, and painted portraits in his manner. He
also painted battle-pieces and some historical com-
positions, which are rare. He returned to his own
country, where he died in 1724, at Cleve. In the
castle at Stockholm there are the Four Evangel-
ists, and an Angel, by him ; and in the Belvedere
at Vienna a 'Nymph surprised by Satyrs.'

BOECKLIN, AKNOLD, the Swiss idealist painter,
was born in 1827 at Basle. At the age of eighteen
he was sent to Diisseldorf, where he studied land-
scape painting under Schirmer. He then spent
six months at Brussels, copying the Dutch master-
pieces there, and after a few weeks in Calame's
studio at Geneva, he went to Paris, where he was an
eye-witness of the revolution of 1848. His mili-
tary duties recalled him to Basle, and in 1850 he
took up his residence in Rome, where he lived for
the next seven years. He married in 1853. The



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