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Bryan's dictionary of painters and engravers (Volume 1) online

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The Death of the Virgin.
The Coronation of the Virgin.
The Calumny of Apelles.

After Raphael.
The Transfiguration. 1573.

The Battle of the Romans, called the Battle of the Ele-
phants. (He engraved also a reverse of this plate.)
The Battle of Constantino with Maientius.

SUBJECTS AFTER VARIOUS ITALIAN MASTERS!.

Parnassus ; after Polidoro da Caravayyio.

The Adoration of the Shepherds ; after the same.

The Repose in Egypt ; after B. Bassano.

The Visitation of the Virgin to St. Elizabeth; after

Marco da Siena.
The Nativity ; after the same.

The Adoration of the Shepherds ; after Pan's Romano.
The Holy Family ; after F. Barom. 1577.
The Baptism of Christ ; after F. Salmati.
The Marriage at Cana ; after Lorenzo Sabbatini.
The Last Supper ; after Livio Agresti.
The Stoning of Stephen ; after Marcello Venusti.
St. Jerome penitent ; after Riccio da Siena.
St. Jerome in the Desert, with two Angels ; after

Jacobus Parmcnsis.
The Cord of St. Francis ; after Carracci.



The Marriage of St. Catharine ; after Correggio.

St. Jerome ; after the same.

St. Margaret of Cortona ; after Tempesta.

A Dance of Dryads ; after II Rosso.

The Three Fates ; after Giulio Romano.

The two Tombs of the Medici ; after Michelangelo.

CORT, HENDRIK DE. See DE CORT.

CORTBEMDE, BALTHASAR VAN, the son of a
picture-dealer, was a painter of Antwerp, who was
born in 1612, married Ursula, a sister of Jan van
den Hoecke, the painter, and died between 1663 and
1670. He studied under Jan Blanckaert, and was
considered among the better class of the masters
of his century. A ' Good Samaritan ' in a land-
scape by him (1647) is in the Antwerp Museum.

CORTE, CESARE, the son of Valerio Corte, was
born at Genoa in 1550, and studied under Luca
Cambiaso. According to Baldinucci, he was one
of the most noted portrait painters of his time : he
also painted historical subjects with considerable
success. He visited France, where he was much
employed, and is said by Baldinucci to have been
in England in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, al-
though he is not mentioned in Lord Orford's ' Anec-
dotes ' ; he, however, painted that queen, and
several of her court. His best historical works
are at Genoa. For the church of San Pietro he
painted the titular Saint at the feet of the Virgin,
coloured with great chasteness and delicacy ; for
San Francesco, the altar-piece of the chapel of
Prince Massa, representing Mary Magdalene ; and
for the church of Santa Maria del Carmine two
pictures of St. Simeon and St. Francis. He died in
1613. His son DAVIDE, who died in 1657, was a
celebrated imitator of the old masters.

CORTE, GABRIEL and JUAN DE LA. See DE LA
CORTE.

CORTE, VALERIO, was born at Pavia in 1530.
He went to Venice, and under the guidance of Titian
became an eminent painter of portraits. He after-
wards settled at Genoa, where he met with great
encouragement, but ruined himself by the folly of
alchemy. He died at Genoa in 1580.

GORTELLINI, MICHELE, who painted from
about 1502 to 1542, was a follower of Francia. A
' Madonna enthroned, with four Saints,' by him,
formerly in Sant' Andrea, is now in the gallery at
Ferrara.

CORTESE. See COURTOIS.

CORTICELLI. See LICINIC, GIOVANNI ANT

CORTONA, IL GOBBO DA. See BONZI.

CORTONA, LUCA DA. See SIGSOBELLI.

CORTONA, PIETRO DA. See BERRETTINI.

CORVI, DOMENICO, an Italian painter, was born
at Viterboin 1721. He was instructed by Mancini,
and showed his great talent in his chief work, 'The
Family of Priam with the dead body of Hector.'
He was for some time Director of the Roman
School and the instructor of Cades and Camuccini.
He died in 1803.

CORVINUS, JOHANN AUGUST, a German en-
graver, was born in 1682. He worked chiefly for
the booksellers, and principally engraved views
and buildings, in a neat but stiff style. By
him there is a set of ornaments for ceilings, after
designs by Carlo Maria Pozzi ; most of the plates
for a work entitled ' Representatio Belli ob Successio-
nem in Regno Hispanico,' published at Augsburg,
are by this artist ; and several for a book by Pf effel
on the churches and monasteries of Vienna, pub-
lished at Augsburg, in 1724-25. He died in 1738.

COSA, DIEGO DE, a Spanish engraver, who exe-

335



A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF



cuted some spirited plates in the French style at
the commencement of the 18th century. There is
by him in Luis de Salazar's ' Indice de las Glorias
de la Casa Farnese,' 1716, a plate representing the
arms of that house, with four allegorical figures.

COSCI. See BALDDCCI, GIOVANNI.

COSIDA, GERONIMO, a Spanish painter of good
family, flourished at Saragossa early in the 16th
century, and was patronized by the Archbishop
Don Fernando de Aragon. His beat pictures were
architectural decorations. According to Cean Ber-
mudez, his invention was fertile and his colouring
soft and agreeable. He was still living in 1572.

COSIMO, ANDREA DI. See FELTRINI.

COSIMO, PIERO DI. See PIERO DI LORENZO.

COSIMO DI LORENZO FILIPPI. See ROSSELLI.

COSMATI, were a family of mosaicists and
architects, who lived at Rome during the whole of
the 13th century. Their works were chiefly exe-
cuted for the churches of Santa Maria sopra
Minvera, and Santa Maria Maggiore in their native
city.

COSME. See TDRA.

COSSA, FRANCESCO, (or DEL COSSA,) an Italian
painter of the school of Ferrara, flourished in the
middle of the 15th century. His name first appears
in a record of 1456, which proves that he was then
an assistant to his father Christofuno del Cossa,
who was at that time employed in painting the
carving and statues on the high altar in the chapel
of the bishop's palace at Ferrara. He afterwards
went to Bologna, where his two masterpieces still
remain. The first is a canvas with the Virgin and
Child enthroned, with two Saints, and a portrait of
Alberto de' Catanei, signed and dated 1474, and
now in the Gallery. The second is a fresco in the
church of the 'Madonna del Barracano,' repre-
senting the Virgin and Child enthroned, beneath
which are the portraits of Giovanni Bentivoglio
and Maria Vinziguerra ; it is dated 1472. There
is a fine picture of St. Vincent Ferrer in the
National Gallery, an 'Annunciation' at Dresden,
and an Allegory at Berlin.

COSSALE. See COZZALE.

COSSIAU, JAN JOOST VAN, (or COSZIAD,) was a
landscape painter, who was born near Breda in 1654,
and died at Mentz in 1732, although he generally
resided at Frankfort. His manner of treating his
landscapes is Italian, and he endeavoured to imitate
the style of Gaspard Poussin. His pictures are well
composed, and are enriched with buildings and
cattle. We find mention of the following :

Brunswick. Gallery. Two Landscapes with Cattle.
(Both dated 1704.)

Cassel. Gallery. Egyptian Landscape.

Munich. Gallery. A large Landscape. 1716.

COSSIERS, JAN, (COTSIERS, CODTSIERS, or
CADSIERS,) a son of Antonis Cussiers, a painter in
tempera, (who died in 1646-47,) was born at
Antwerp in 1600. He was a pupil of Cornelis De
Vos, the elder, entered the Guild of St. Luke in
1628-29, was dean thereof in 1639-40, and died
at Antwerp in 1671. There are many of his works
in the churches in Flanders ; they are judiciously
composed, and his attitudes are well chosen and
natural. His drawing is tolerably correct, and his
colouring vigorous, though a little too brown. In
the back-grounds of his pictures he frequently in-
troduced architecture, which he treated in a masterly
manner. The following are among his best works.
At Brussels, in the church formerly of the Jesuits,
the 'Nativity' ; and at the Beguinage, the 'Martyr-

336



dom of St. Ursula.' At Mechlin, a grand com-
position of the ' Crucifixion,' and the ' Presentation
in the Temple.' In the Antwerp Museum are ' The
Adoration of the Shepherds,' ' Preparation for the
Flagellation,' and three other works by him ; in the
Hague Gallery is a 'Triumph of Silenus'; in the
Madrid Gallery, 'Prometheus' and 'Narcissus' ; in
the Cassel Gallery, ' An Old Beggar-Couple '; in the
Brussels Gallery, the 'Deluge'; and in the Lille
Museum, a 'Miracle of St. Nicholas.'

COSSIN. See COQDIN.

COSSIN, Louis, who was born at Troyes in 1633,
engraved a portrait of Franjois Chauveau after
Claude Lefevre, and also a portrait of Valentin
Conrart.

COSTA, FRANCESCO, an Italian painter, chiefly of
ornaments and perspective, was born at Genoa in
1672. He was a pupil of Gregorio de' Ferrari and
of A. Haffner, and worked much in conjunction
with Revello. He died in 1740. A ' Landscape
with the Rape of Europa,' by him, is in the Uffizi
at Florence.

COSTA, IPPOLITO, who was born at Mantua in
1506, was the son of Lorenzo Costa. Although
not a pupil of Giulio Romano, his style closely
imitated that master. He died in 1561. He had
a brother, GIROLAMO COSTA, of whom he was the
instructor, as he was also of Bernardino Campi.

COSTA, LORENZO, ' the elder,' was born at Ferrara
in 1460, and is supposed to have been the pupil of
either Tura or Cossa. In early life he painted
some of the frescoes in the hall of the Schifanoia.
belonging to Duke Borso of Ferrara. Costa's first
visit to Bolo.gna seems to have been made in 1480,
and he is said to have painted scenes, drawn from
the 'Iliad' and Greek history, in the Bentivoglio
Palace in 1483. The picture of St. Sebastian, and
the portrait of Canon Vaselli, in the Marescotti
chapel in Santa Petronia at Bologna, are of about
this date. In 1488 he painted a votive Madonna,
with the likenesses of Giovanni Bentivoglio and
his wife and their eleven children, on the walls of
the Bentivoglio chapel in San Giacomo Maggiore
at Bologna ; he also executed on the walls of the
same chapel the landscapes surrounding an eques-
trian figure of Annibale Bentivoglio ; and in 1490
the frescoes there of the ' Triumph of Life and of
Death ' were completed. Between 1490 and 1495
he finished the ' Annunciation ' at San Petronio,
and in 1492 the great 'Madonna and Child, with
SS. Sebastian, James, Jerome, and George,' over
the high altar of the Baciocchi Oratory in the same
church. In 1497 he painted the ' Virgin and Child,
with four Saints,' in the Segni chapel in San
Giovanni in Monte, and the ' Glory of the Madonna '
for the high altar of the same church. In the
Brera, Milan, is an 'Adoration of the Magi' of
1499 ; and of the same year are the lunette frescoes
in the Bentivoglio chapel, at San Giacomo Mag-

5iore. A friendship existed between Francia and
osta during the years extending from 1480 to
1500, and their works show the influence of Costa
upon the Bolognese Francia, who maybe regarded
as his pupil in painting. In 1481 Giovanni Benti-
voglio founded the Oratory of St. Cecilia, Bologna,
and in its decorations Costa, Francia, Chiodarolo,
Aspertini, and, according to Frizzoni and Milanese,
CesareTamaroccio, all had a share; Costa executing
two frescoes one of ' Pope Urban instructing his
convert Valerian,' the other of ' St. Cecilia dis-
tributing her goods to the poor.' In 1509, after
the expulsion of the Bentivoglio family from



FRANCESCO COSSA




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THE MADONNA AND CHILD WITH THE
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PAINTERS AND ENGRAVERS.



Bologna, Costa was taken into the service of thi
Marquis Francesco Gonzaga of Mantua, where he
remained until his death, his chief works being in
the palace of St. Sebastian. Of other pictures
which he produced at that time can be mentionet
a 'Virgin and Child between two Saints,' in the
Ferrara Gallery ; the ' Allegory of the Court of
Isabella of Este,' now in the Louvre ; a smal
diptych formerly in the possession of Sir Charles
Eastlake ; and a 'Madonna and Saints,' of 1525, in
the church of Sant Andrea, Mantua. Costa pro-
bably painted some of the frescoes which adorn the
Schalcheria in the castle of Mantua. By him we
have also one engraving, the ' Presentation in the
Temple,' from the sketch for an altar-piece by
himself, dated 1502, the year in which were en-
graved the two Saints by Francia, by whom Costa
appears to have been led to engrave the plate in
question. Although much in the style of Francia,
it is treated in a freer and more picturesque manner.
His death took place at Mantua in 1535. Of his
pictures the following may be noted :

Berlin. Museum. Pieti. 1504.

Presentation in the Temple. 1502.

Madonna, adored by Giovanni
Bentivoglio and his Family
(in tempera). 1488.

The Triumph of Life and of
Death (in tempera).

Vision of the Apocalypse ; fresco.

Two subjects from the Life of
St. Cecilia ; frescoes (the eight
other compartinents painted ly
Francia and his pupils).

The Twelve Apostles (in tempera).
1495.

St. Jerome.

Martyrdom of St. Sebastian (some-
times wrongly ascribed to Cossa).
( Virgin enthroned, surrounded by
1 Saints. 1497.

St.Petronius between SS. Francis
and Dominic. 1502.

Portrait of a Man in a red Cap.

Madonna and Child enthroned,
with Angels. 1505.

Portrait of a Lady, probably
Isabella d'Este, Marchioness of
Mantua.

Virgin surrounded by Saints

1525.

Milan. Brera. Adoration of the Magi. 1499.

Paris. Louvre. Court of Isabella of Este, Duchess

of Mantua.
Mythological Scene.

COSTA, LORENZO, ' the younger,' who was born
in 1537, was the son of Girolamo Costa, and was
instructed in the art of painting by his uncle
Ippolito. He worked in concert with Taddeo
Zuccaro in the Belvedere at Rome, about 1560,
and died in 1583.

COSTA, TOMMASO, a painter of perspective views,
and a pupil of Jean Boulanger, was born at Sassu-
olo in 1635. He resided at Reggio, and died in 1690.
He is represented in the Estense Gallery, Modena,
by an exterior and an interior.

COSTANZI, PLACIDO, who was born in Rome in
1 683, was a pupil of B. Luti, and painted historical
subjects. The most esteemed of his larger works,
is his ' St. Camillus,' in Santa Maria Maddalena ; in
which he has aspired to the imitation of Domeni-
chino. His ' Resuscitation of Tabitha,' in Santa
Maria degli Angeli, is the original of a mosaic in
St. Peter's. He also painted in fresco the ceilings
of the tribunes in Santa Maria in Campo Marzo and



Bologna. S. Giacomo
Maggiore.



S. Cecilia.



S. Petronio.



., S. Giovann

in Monte.

Pinacoteca.

Florence. Pitti Palace.
London. Nat. Gall.

Hampton Court



Mantua. iS. Andrea



San Gregorio, and was much employed in painting
figures in the landscapes of other artists, particu-
larly in those of Jan Frans van Bloemen, called
Orizonte. He died in 1759. A portrait of George
Keith, Earl Marischal of Scotland, painted by him
in Rome in 1752, is in the National Portrait Gallery,
and ' St. Pancras and the Infant Christ,' by him,
is in the Dublin National Gallery.

COSTE, JEAN, a French historical painter, who
flourished in the 14th century, was the painter in
ordinary and favourite of King John. He distin-
tinguished himself especially by some paintings of
great merit which he executed in oil at the castle
of Val-de-Rueil in 1356. He died in 1391.

COSTELLO, LOUISA STDART, the daughter of
Colonel Costello, was born in France in 1799.
When about twenty years of age she visited
London, and from 1822 to 1839 exhibited miniature
portraits at the Royal Academy. She was likewise
an authoress, and published ' Specimens of the
Early Poetry of France,' the 'Rose Garden of
Persia,' and other successful works. She died at
Boulogne in 1870.

COSTER, ADAM DE. See DE COSTER.
COSTER, ANNE. See VALLAYER.
COSTER, D., was a Flemish engraver, who flour-
ished about the year 1700. He was chiefly em-
ployed by the booksellers; and, among other
plates, engraved a portrait, of Frans Hals, the
painter, after Van Dyck.

COSWAY, MARIA CECILIA LOUISA, whose maiden
name was Hadfield and whose father was a
Manchester man, was born at Florence in 1759.
From a very early age she showed great powers
of drawing, and as a child gained a silver medal
for proficiency in that art. In 1778 she was
elected a member of the Academy of Fine Arts
in Florence, and was one of the very youngest
members ever admitted into that select society.
She was also an excellent musician, and played
the organ at the Monastery of the Visitation, where
she had been educated. Her father died in 1778-9,
and then at the earnest recommendation of her
friend Angelica Kauffmann she came to London
with her mother, sister and brother. At Mr.
Townley's house in Park Street she met Richard
Cosway, who was attracted by her unusual beauty
and fell in love with her. They were married at
St. George's on January 18, 1781, and Mr. Townley
gave the bride away. She was greatly attached
to her eccentric husband, and they travelled on
ihe Continent very much together, Mr. Cosway at
times returning to England alone, and leaving his
wife in France and Italy busy upon carrying out
a scheme which interested her greatly, that of
"ounding a special religious order for teaching
and attaching a high-class girls' school to the
convent. This scheme she started first at Lyons
under her good friend Cardinal Fesch, and with
;he full approval and financial assistance of her
msband, but eventually she transfered it to Lodi,
where, by the aid of the Duke of that place,
she obtained an old monastery which she fitted up
r or her purpose. During the life of her only little
*irl, who died at the age of six, Maria Cosway was
n England, and exhibited many works at the Royal
Academy, painting miniatures and also works in oil
and pastel, and preparing illustrations for Boydell's
Shakespeare Gallery and Macklin's Poets. She
also cleverly copied some of the works of Correggio
\nd manyof her husband's miniatures. She tenderly
-ursed Richard Cosway during his mental disorder

337



A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF



and serious illness, and on his death she returned
to her beloved Italy and settled down at Lodi,
endowing the convent there with her estate and
devising to it all she could bequeath. The Em-
peror Francis I. having desired to plant near to
Milan a branch house of the well-known Order
of the Dame Inglesi, Mrs. Cosway merged her
small creation into that larger Order and benefacted
the new establishment. In consideration of this
work the Emperor visited the convent and created
its founder a Baroness. She died at Lodi in 1838
and was buried in the chapel of the convent, where
are still preserved many interesting memorials of
her and of her more celebrated husband.

q.c.w.

COSWAY, RICHARD, an eminent miniature
painter, was born at Tiverton in Devonshire, in
1742. He came early to London, and studied
under Hudson and in Shipley's school ; he soon
distinguished himself by his drawings from the
antique in the Duke of Richmond's gallery, which
Cipriani and Bartolozzi pronounced admirable.
In 1766 he was a member of the Incorporated
Society of Artists, and in 1769 he was admitted to
the Royal Academy schools. In the next year he
became an Associate ; in 1771 he was elected a
Royal Academician ; and in 1781 he married the
artist Maria Hadfield. He continued to progress
in public favour, and for a considerable time main-
tained the ascendency in his particular branch of
art, miniature, a"nd bade defiance to all attempts at
rivalry. In his oil-paintings he aimed at the
manner of Correggio ; and there are in existence
some that for beauty of design and sweetness
of expression would not discredit that honoured
name. His widow retained three till the time of
her death. He paintad all the beauty and fashion
of his day : he was particularly distinguished by
the notice of the Prince of Wales, then the leader
of the gay world, and Cosway painted him as a
gentleman, and not as a coxcomb or an actor.
Cosway was fond of collecting pictures, drawings,
prints, and other objects of art, and his house in
Stratford Place was like a dealer's shop. He
died in London in 1821. His portrait of Gen-
eral Pasquale Paoli is in the Uffizi, Florence ; a
portrait of himself is in the National Portrait
Gallery.

See ' Richard Cosway, his wife and pupils,' by
G. C. Williamson, 1897, for a full account of his
life and works. (Bell.) G C W

COSZIAU. See COSSIAU.

COT, PIERRE ADGUSTE, painter, born at BeMarieux
(Herault), February 17, 1837, was a pupil of Duret
and of Ldon Cogniet. He painted mythological
subjects, and also enjoyed a considerable reputation
for his portraits. He died in July 1883.

COTAN, JUAN SANCHEZ. See SANCHEZ COTAN.

COTELLE, JEAN, ' the elder,' a French painter
of ornament, who also etched, was born at Meaux
in 1610. He studied under L. Guyot, and worked
largely for Simon Vouet. He became anAcademician
in 1651, and died in 1676. There are engraved by
him seven vignettes for a book of prayers.

COTELLE, JEAN, 'the younger,' was a painter
and engraver, born in Paris in 1645. He received
his early instruction from his father, Jean Cotelle,
and eventually visited Italy. On his return he
devoted himself to his profession, producing his-
torical paintings, miniatures, and occasionally
etchings. His chef-d'oeuvre was the ' Marriage at
Cana ' painted in 1681 for the cathedral of Notre-

338



Dame. There are by him at Versailles several
views in the gardens of that palace. He etched a
plate representing ' Our Lord on the Mount of
Olives,' and a series of seven scenes from the his-
tory of Venus. He was admitted into the Academy
in 1672, and died at Villers-sur-Marne in 1708.

COTES, FRANCIS, an English portrait painter,
was born in London in 1726. He was a scholar of
George Knapton. Lord Orford mentions some of
his works in oil and in crayons, the latter of which
he compares to the portraits of Rosalba. He died
in the prime of life in 1770. He was an eminent
artist in crayons, and one of the first members
of the Royal Academy, and also a member of the
Incorporated Society of Artists. At Greenwich Hos-
pital, there is a portrait by him of Admiral Lord
Hawke. A portrait group of Mr. and Mrs. Joah
Bates, in the possession of the Sacred Harmonic
Society, is considered one of his best works.

COTES, SAMUEL, born in 1734, a younger brother
of Francis Cotes, R.A., painted miniature portraits
with much success, and also worked in crayons.
He died at Chelsea in 1818.

COTIGNOLA, BERNARDINO and FRANCESCO. See
DE' ZAGANELLI.

COTIGNOLA, GIROLAMO MARCHES: DA. See
MARCHESI.

COTMAN, JOHN JOSEPH, an English landscape
painter, was the son of John Sell Cotman. He had
considerable talents, but owing to his extravagant
and eccentric habits, he was always in a destitute
condition. He died at Norwich in 1878.

COTMAN, JOHN SELL, who was born at Norwich
in 1782, was in a great measure his own instructor
in art, though he owed much to the kind patronage
of Dr. Munro. In 1800 he came to London, where
he resided, and exhibited at the Royal Academy
until 1806, when he returned to Norwich. In the
following year he was made a member and secre-
tary of the Norwich Society of Artists, and in one
single year, 1808, he sent no less than sixty-seven
works to the exhibition. After various journeys
in Normandy, and a residence of some years in
Yarmouth, Cotman was, in 1834, appointed Pro-
fessor of Drawing in King's College School,
London. He held this post until his death, which
occurred in London in 1842. Besides his land-
scapes and marine pieces in oil and water-colours,
he executed numerous engravings of architecture
both of England and of Normandy. He published
in 1812, ' Miscellaneous Etchings of Architectural
Antiquities in Yorkshire'; in 1812-17, 'Architectural
Antiquities of Norfolk ' ; and in 1813-16, ' Sepul-
chral Brasses in Norfolk ; ' all of which works
were republished with large additions under the
following titles 'Architectural Etchings of Old
English Buildings,' 2 vols. folio, 240 plates ;
' Sepulchral Brasses of Norfolk and Suffolk,' 2
vols., 170 plates ; 'Liber Studiorum,' 48 plates. In
1817 he went to France, and collected the materi-
als for his magnificent work, ' Architectural Anti-
quities of Normandy,' 100 plates, in 2 vols. folio,
with descriptive letter-press by Dawson Turner of
Yarmouth, which was published in 1822. In 1825
he was elected an Associate of the Water-colour
Society, and frequently sent works to their ex-
hibitions. Ten water-colour drawings by him are
in the South Kensington Museum.

COTMAN, MILES EDMUND, born in 1811, was the
eldest son of John Sell Cotman. He was brought
up as an artist, exhibited landscapes in Suffolk
Street and at the Academy and in 1842 succeeded



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