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927.5 B 33333116(

Bryan, Michael

Bryan's dictionary

of painters and Ml

1185088

REV. ED, VOL.



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BRYAN'S DICTIONARY



OF



PAINTERS AND ENGRAVERS



IN FIVE VOLUMES



NV



CAMBRIDGE : DEIGHTON, BELL & CO.
NEW YORK : THE MACMILLAN CO.
BOMBAY : A. H. WHEELER & CO.



b




BRYAN'S DICTIONARY



OF



PAINTERS AND ENGRAVERS



NEW EDITION REVISED AND ENLARGED

UNDER THE SUPERVISION OF

GEORGE C. WILLIAMSON, LITT.D.



WITH NUMEROUS ILLUSTRATIONS
VOLUME II. D-G



JITlett JSorfe
THE MACMILLAN COMPANY

LONDON : GEORGE BELL AND SONS

I 903
All rights reserved



$ ^




NOTE TO VOL. II

AMONGST English artists who have died since the issue of the last edition, and
whose lives appear in this volume, should be mentioned those of Du Maurier, written
by Mr. F. W. Whyte ; Kate Greenaway, by Mr. G. Somes Layard ; Charles Green, by
Mr. Clifford Smith ; A. D. Fripp, G. A. Fripp, George D. Davidson, Sir W. Fettes Douglas
and Walter Goodall, all by Dr. Laing ; Sir John Gilbert, Birket Foster, Louis Fagan,
Thomas Faed, W. H. Deverell, E. U. Eddis and others. Of Old Masters whose lives
have been re-written in the light of modern research, we would direct special atten-
tion to the long biography of Giorgione, the work of Julia Cartwright (Mrs. H. Ady) ;
the important article on Foppa, written by Miss Constance Jocelyn Ffoulkes, and
those of Downman, Engleheart, Fragonard, Etienne, De Caylus, R. and N. Delaunay
and others.

Many of the existing biographies have been carefully examined and corrected by
the leading experts of the day, so as to embody in them the latest information
without violating the settled plan of the work. In this way Mr. Campbell Dodgson
has corrected the life of Dlirer ; Professor Langton Douglas those of Benozzo Gozzoli
and Fra Angelico; Mr. Weale those of Gheeraert David, Hubert, Jan, Lambert and
Margaret Van Eyck ; also Daret and Gossart ; Mr. L. Binyon those of Claude and
Girtin ; Miss Streeter that of Filipepi (Botticelli) ; Mr. C. Holroyd those of Duccio
and Finiguerra, almost re-writing the last ; and Mr. Lionel Gust that of Sir Anthony
Van Dyck.

In addition to this there are in this volume new biographies of the following
artists Richard Dadd, Eduard Daege, Michael Dahl, J. E. Dantan, E. Dardoize,
M. Darby, William Daniell, E. T. Daniell, J. M. Donald, W. C. T. Dobson, Thomas
Doughty, V. Deroche, Thomas Danby, J. B. E. Detaille, Sophie Desaux, M. G.
Desboutin, N. Dixon, George T. Doo, Thomas Dove, L. De Deyster, Richard Doyle,
A. Dedreux, Amaury Duval, Jean Duvet, F. De Braekeleer, J. L. Demarne, J. A.
Duvaux, J. L. Dyckmans, Jules Dupre, F. J. and N. B. Dequevauviller, Mark Dessurne,
G. Den Duyts, Karl Ebert, C. D. Eisen, Charles Escot, Edwin Ellis, Henri Evenepoel,
Otto Faber du Faur, John Faed, James Fahey, E. F. Feron, Eugene Fichel,
W. H. Fisk, J. P. Flandrin, Lucien Falize, J. A. J. Falquiere, Leon Faure, J. E.
Freeman, C. T. Frere, P. E. Frere, E. Feyen-Perrin, Giacomo Favretto, C. F. Felou,

F. Ferramola, Luis Falero, E. J. Forster, F. L. FranQais, A. Fraser, Otto Frohlicher,

G. Fouace, G. F. Gaillard, P. T. and C. Galle, and the younger members of that



vi NOTE TO VOL. II.

family, P. V. Galland, A. Gastaldi, E. Gaujean, Karl Gehrts, W. H. L. Griiner, Noel
Gamier, B. Galofre, Wilhelm Gentz, A. Geyer, T. Gide, J.^Gigoux, A. Gill, E. Gill,
Margaret Gillies, David De5 Granges, E. G. Giran, P. Girardet, R. Gleichauf, James
W. Glass, B. Goddard, N. Goeneutte, William Gosling, Charles Gosselin, - Gouge,
T. R. Gould, J. A. Goupil, H. P. Gray, N. E. Green, J. B. Greuze, J. E. Gridel, W.
H. L. Grimes, H. C. Guerard, 0. E. Gunther, L. Gurlitt, J. P. Gulich, and P. L. N.
Grolleron.

There are thus some 180 new biographies, 17 have been corrected, added to,
and amended, and about 500 separate corrections have been made throughout the
volume.



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS



ALESSANDRO FILIPEPI, called BOTTICELLI

THE MAGNIFICAT (Photogravure Plate) . . . Uffizi Gallery, Florence Frontispiece

GIROLAMO DAI LIBRI

MADONNA AND CHILD WITH ST. ANNE .... National Gallery To face p. 2

C. F. DAUBIGNY

THE GRAPE-GATHERERS OF BURGUNDY Louvre.

SPRING Louvre 12

GHEERAERT DAVID

A CANON AND HIS PATRON SAINT National Gallery 14

WILLIAM DAVIS

VIEW NEAR HALE Coltart Collection 16

HENRY DAWSON

ST. PAUL'S FROM THE RIVER Birmingham Art Gattery 16

A. G. DECAMPS

RELEASED FROM SCHOOL Wallace Gattery ,,

THE WATERING-PLACE Wallace Gallery 22

LUCAS DE HEERE

MARY TUDOR

PIETER DE HOOCH

COURTYARD OF A DUTCH HOUSE National Gallei-y 30

AN INTERIOR Natwnat Gallery 30

PIETRO DEI FRANCESCHI, called PIERO DELLA FRANCESCA
SIGISMONDO MALATESTA KNEELING BEFORE ST. SIGISMUND

Malatesta Temple (San Francesco), Rimini 32

THE MADONNA AND CHILD WITH ANGELS AND SAINTS AND FEDKRIGO, PUKE

OF URBINO Brera Gallery, Milan ,,

PAUL DELAROCHE

THE DEATH OF QUEEN ELIZABETH l.mirre

ANTONIO DEL POLLAJUOLO

ST. SEBASTIAN pitti Palace, Florence 54

PORTRAIT OF A GENTLEMAN Corslni Gallery, Florence 54

ANDREA DEL VERROCCIIIO

THE BAPTISM OF CHRIST . . .... Accademia, Florence

WALTER HOWELL DEVERELL

SCENE FROM 'TWELFTH NIGHT' . . Mrs. A. Steele Huberts' Collection 64

NATHANIEL DIXON

THE DUKE OF GHAFTON AS A BOY . . . . Montagu Uouse Collection 7b



viii LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.

WILLIAM DOBSON

PORTRAIT OF ENDYMION PORTER National Gallery To face p. 76

CARLO DOLCI

MADONNA AND CHILD Pitti Palace, Florence 78

PAOLO DI DONO, called PAOLO UCCELLO

THE BATTLE National Gallery 80

GIOVANNI DOSSI, called DOSSO DOSSI

THE ARCHANGEL MICHAEL Dresden Gallery 84

GERARD DOU

THE POULTERER'S SHOP National Gallery ,,

THE GROCER'S SHOP Buckingham Palace 84

SIR W. FETTES DOUGLAS

THE CURIOSITY SHOP, ROME .... Mr. John Wordie's Collection 86

PIERRE IMBERT DREVET

BISHOP BOSSDET (After H. Eigaud) i,

FRANgOIS HUBERT DROUAIS

AMELIA, NINTH BARONESS CONTERS . Collection of the Countess of Yarborough 90

A LADY South Kensington 90

DUCCIO

THE MADONNA AND CHILD WITH ANGELS AND SAINTS . National Gallery 92

KAREL DU JARDIN

LANDSCAPE WITH CATTLE REPOSING .... National Gallery 98

MOUNTAIN PASTURE SCENE WITH CATTLE . . . Buckingham Palace 98

ALBRECHT DURER

PORTRAIT OF HIERONYMUS HOLZSCHUHER (Photogravure Plate) Berlin Gallery 104

THE MUNICH ALTAR-PIECE Munich Gallery 106

THE FLIGHT INTO EGYPT (Woodcut) 106

ANTHONY VAN DYCK

PHILIP LORD WHARTON (Photogravure Plate) . . . .St. Petersburg 108

CHARLES I Louvre 110

THOMAS WENTWORTH, EARL OF STRAFFORD, AND HIS SECRETARY SIR PHILIP

MAINWARING (Photogravure Plate) . . Wentworth Woodhouse Gallery 112

SIR CHARLES L. EASTLAKE

CHRIST LAMENTING OVER JERUSALEM .... National Gallery ,, 1 HI

GERARD EDELINCK

JOHN DEYDEN (After Kneller) 118

AUGUSTUS L. EGG

BEATRIX KNIGHTING ESMOND National Gallery 120

GEORGE EXGLEHEART

Miss BEDINOFELD Mr. J. P. Morgan's Collection \

Miss ANN PRITCHARD . . . . . Mr. George Macl;ey's Collection I



128

) ,. - (

Miss HESTER WOOLLEY



A GIRL (name unknown) f



WILLIAM ETTY

YOUTH AT THE PROW AND PLEASURE AT THE HELM . National Gallery 132

JAN VAN EYCK

JAN ARNOLFINI AND HIS WIFE (Photogravure Plate) . National Gallery 130

MAN WITH A PINK Berlin Gallery 136

THE ADORATION OF THE LAMB St. Bavon, Glient 1.36



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.

JOHAN FABER THE ELDER

JAMES I Mr. De Pass' Collection, To face p. 138

THOMAS FAED

FAULTS ON BOTH SIDES Tate Gallery 140

IN TIME OF WAR Liverpool Gallery 142

WILLIAM FAITHORNE

BARBARA VILLIERS, DUCHESS OF CLEVELAND, WIFE OF ROGER EARL OF CASTLE-
MAINE Montagu House Collection 144

PRINCE RUPERT (After Van Dyck) 144

GAUDENZIO FERKAEI

THE CHOIR OF AIJGELS Sarnnno 156

THE MARTYRDOM OF ST. CATHARINE . . . Bi-ei-a Gallery, Milan 150

A. V. COPLEY FIELDING

VIEW IN SUSSEX Tate Gallery 100

GIOVANNI DA FIESOLE, called FRA ANGELICO

THE GREAT CRUCIFIXION (Photogravure Plate) . San Marco, Florence 162

THE ASSUMPTION AND DORMITION OF THE VIRGIN . . Mrs. J. L. Gardner's

Collection 162

CHRIST AS A PILGRIM MET BY TWO DOMINICANS . Sun Marco, Florence 162

ALESSANDRO FILIPEPI, called BOTTICELLI

MADONNA AND CHILD WITH ANGEL (CHIGI MADONNA) (Photogravure Plate)

Mrs. J. L. Gardner's Collection 164

EDWARD FISHER

GARRICK BETWEEN TRAGEDY AND COMEDY (After Reynolds) .... 168

LADY SARAH BUNBURY (After Reynolds) 168

THOMAS FLATMAN

JOHN LORD SOMERS, LORD HIGH CHANCELLOR. Dr. G. C. Williamson's Collection \

SIR THOMAS HENSHAW, AMBASSADOR TO DENMARK AND NORWAY 170

PORTRAIT OF THE ARTIST .... Victoria, and Albert Museum 1

V1NCENZO FOPPA

THE ADORATION OF THE MAGI National Gallery 178

MARIANO FORTUNY Y CARB6

PORTRAIT OF A BOY . ,, 180

THE SPANISH MARRIAGE (LA VICARIA) . Marquis de Carcano's Collection ,, 182

J. H. FRAGONARD

LA FOIRE DE ST. CLOUD . . . . M. Le'opold Goldschmidt's Collection 18-1

TADDEO GADDI

CHRIST DEPOSITED IN THE SEPULCHRE .... Accademia, Florence 206

ST. PETER WALKING ON THE SEA. Spanish Chapel, Sta. Maria Novella, Florence 206

THOMAS GAINSBOROUGH

MASTER BUTTALL (THE BLUE BOY) (Photogravure Plate) Duke of Westminster's

Collection 208

THE PARISH CLERK National Gallery 208

CLAUDE GELLEE, called CLAUDE DE LORRAINE

EMBARKATION OF THE QUEEN ov SIIELA . . . National Gallery

CEPHALUS AND PROCRIS National Gallery

SIR JOHN GILBERT

RICHARD II. RESIGNING THE CROWN TO BOLINGBROKE . Liverpool Gallery 240



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.



LUCA GIORDANO



THE JUDGMENT OF PARIS Berlin Gallery To face p. 244

GIORGIONE

THE JUDGMENT OF SOLOMON .... Mr. Ralph Banked Collection 246

THE CONCERT Pitti Palace, Florence 248

GOYA Y LUCIENTES

A LADY 264

JAN VAN GOYEN

A RIVER SCENE Amsterdam Gallery 266

SCENE NEAR AMSTERDAM Amsterdam Gallery 266

BENOZZO GOZZOLI

THE ARRIVAL OF THE THREE KINGS . . Palazzo Rlccardi, Florence 266

PARADISE Palazzo Riccardi, Florence 266

VALENTINE GREEN

MARY ISABELLA, DUCHESS OF RUTLAND (After Reynolds) .... 274

LADY BETTY DELM AND HER CHILDREN (After Reynolds) .... ,, 274

J. B. GREUZE

L'ACCORDE'E DE VILLAGE Louvre 278

INNOCENCE Wallace Gallery 278

FRANCESCO GUARDI

SAN GIORGIO MAGGIORE National Gallery ,, 284

TOMMASO GUIDI, called MASACCIO

ADAM AND EVE DRIVEN FROM PARADISE . . Carmine Church, Florence 288

AN OLD MAN TTffizi Gallery, Florence 288



BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY



OF



PAINTERS AND ENGRAVERS



DA, ABRAHAM, an engraver, was probably a
native of Germany, as be appears to have imitated
the style of Theodor De Bry. There is a plate by
him of ' The Last Supper,' executed with the graver
in a neat but stiff style, and inscribed Abraham
Da fecit ; from which it may be presumed that it
is from his own design.

DA ANNUNCIACAO, THOSIAS JOSE, who was
born at Ajuda near Lisbon, in 1821, learned his
art in the Academy of that city, and afterwards
travelled through Spain and France. He was prin-
cipally an animal painter, and was considered the
best artist in that branch of art in the Peninsula ;
but he occasionally executed genre pictures. He
was Director of the Academy of Fine Arts at
Lisbon, where he died in 1879. The following are
some of his most noteworthy works :

Lisbon. Galtria National. View of Amora.

Two Women at a Fountain.

View of the Penhade Franca.

,, Oxen treading out Cora at

Ribatejo.
,, After Pasture View on the

Tagus.
,, The Shepherd's Rest. 1852.

DABOS, LAURENT, a painter of portraits and
of historical and genre subjects, who was born at
Toulouse in 17G1, was instructed by Francois An-
dr6 Vincent, and first exhibited at the Exposition
de la Jeunesse in 1788. Among his works may be
mentioned : ' Mary of England, Queen of France,
lamenting the death of her husband, Louis XII.,'
' The Return of the Grande Arm^e,' and ' Louis
XVI. writing his Will,' a picture painted in the
Temple during the captivity of the royal family.
Besides these he painted from life the portrait of
the Dauphin (Louis XVII.). He died in Paris in
1835. His wife, JEANNE BERNARD, who was a pupil
of Madame Guyard, also painted genre subjects.
She was born at Luneville in 1763, and died in
1842.

DACH, JEAN. See AACHEN, JOHANN VON.

DACHBRETT, PETER. See TAGPRET.

DA CUNHA TABORDA, Jos, a Portuguese
painter and architect, was born at Fundao, in the
diocese of Guarda, in 1766. After studying paint-
ing under Joaquim Manoel da Rocha, he went in
1788 to Rome, where he placed himself under the

VOL. II. B



tuition of Antonio Cavallucci, and gained reputation
by a picture of ' The Summoning of Cincinnatus
to the Dictatorship.' After his return to Portugal
he was in 1799 appointed professor at the Lisbon
Academy, and in 1803 court painter, in which
capacity he painted in the royal palace of Ajuda
and the hall of the Cortes. There is no mention of
the date of his death.

DADD, RICHARD, the son of a chemist at Chat-
ham, was born in that town in 1817. On the
removal of his father to London to take over the
business of a dealer in art objects, Dadd joined
the schools of the Royal Academy, and started as
a painter of genre pictures. In 1838 he contributed
for the first time to the Royal Academy, exhibiting
a picture entitled ' Angling.' Then followed
'Study of a Head' (1839), 'Alfred the Great in
Disguise of a Peasant' (1840), and in 1841 a suc-
cessful work, 'Titania Sleeping,' which attracted
some attention. At the exhibitions of the Society
of British Artists he exhibited, among other
pictures, the following in oils and water-colours
' Head of a Man ' (1837), 'Scene in Whitsand Bay '
and 'Coast Scene, Hastings' (1838), 'Don
Quixote' and 'Boy Reading' (1839), 'Scene from
"As you like it'" (1840), and 'When I speak,
let no Dog bark' (1841). His most important
work was a series of upwards of a hundred pic-
tures with subjects chosen from Byron's 'Man-
fred ' and Tasso's ' Jerusalem Delivered,' which he
painted for Lord Foley. In 1842, for Hall's ' Book
of British Ballads,' he illustrated the ballad ' Robin
Goodfellow.' In the summer of the same year, in
company with Sir Thomas Philips, to whom he
had been introduced by his friend David Roberts,
he left London on a journey to Egypt, travelling
through Italy, Greece, and Asia Minor. Dadd,
who had already showed signs of weakness of the
brain, appears to have suffered from sunstroke in
Egypt, and on his way home suddenly left his
friend, and returned to London in the spring of
1843. During the journey and the months suc-
ceeding his return he produced some excellent
work in water-colours, including 'Tombs of the
Khalifs, Cairo,' ' Entrance to an Egyptian Tomb, 1
and ' Eastern Scene, Rocky Landscape,' and con-
tributed to a Liverpool exhibition a scene entitled
' Arabs.' The cartoon, however, which he sent to



A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF



the Westminster Hall competition proved the
unsound condition of his mind. Towards the
autumn of the same year his mind became seriously
unhinged, and he was constantly watched by his
father. On the 28th of October he accompanied
his father to Cobham Park, Surrey, and there
murdered him, and fled to France. Near Fontaine-
bleau his attack upon a fellow-traveller led to his
capture and identification. He was acquitted on
the plea of insanity, and sentenced to imprison-
ment for life in Bethlehem Hospital. During his
confinement he was allowed to follow his profes-
sion, and produced several highly-finished but
eccentric works in water-colours, of which ' Christ
rescuing St. Peter from the Waves' (1852),
1 Sketch to illustrate the Passions Patriotism '
(1857), and 'Leonidas with the Wood-cutters'
(1873), are in the Victoria and Albert Museum,
South Kensington. He died in 1887.

DADDI, BERNARDO, a Florentine painter, was
the contemporary and colleague of Jacopo Landini
di Casentino in the formation of the Academy of
St. Luke at Florence in 1349. He was born towards
the close of the 13th century, and was one of the
most able of the pupils of Giotto. He painted in
fresco the histories of St. Lawrence and St. Stephen
in the Berardi chapel in Santa Croce, and also the
gates of the old city of Florence; but the only
frescoes which remain are those representing the
Martyrdoms of St. Stephen and St. Lawrence. In
1346-7 he painted his best work, the miracle-
working picture of the Virgin, which is still in
Or San Michele at Florence. His death took
place in 1350.

Besides the above-mentioned, the following
works by Daddi are extant :

England. The Crucifixion (formerly in the

church of St. George at Ruballa).
1348.

Florence. Accaiemia. Virgin enthroned, with two Saints
(central portion of a small trip-
tych, erroneously ascribed in the
cataloyueto Bernardo Orcayna),
1332?

Ounissanti. Virgin and Child, with St. Mat-
thew and St. Nicholas. 1328.

Pisa. Campo Santo. Frescoes of the Triumph of Death,
the Last Judgment, and the
Inferno.
Siena. Istituto di \ Virgin and Child, with Saints (a

elleArti.) small triptych). 1336.
Virgin and Child, with a corona

of Saints in adoration (central
portion 0} a triptych).

DADDI, COSIMO, was a native of Florence, who
flourished about the year 1614. He was a scholar
of Battista Naldini, and painted historical subjects
with much skill ; but he is better known as having
been the master of Volterrano. Several of his
works are noticed by Baldinucci, particularly a
picture of the ' Visitation of the Virgin to St. Eliza-
beth,' and some subjects from the Life of the
Virgin, at the monastery of San Lino, at Florence.
In the church of Or San Michele is an altar-piece,
representing he Archangel discomfiting the rebel
Angels. Daddi died of the plague in 1630. Zani
says that his name was Dati, and that he painted
in 1588.

DADURE, MARIE MICHEL ALPHONSE, a French
portrait and historical painter, who was a pupil oj
Ingres, was born in Paris in 1804, and died there
in 1868. His best work is the ' Pilgrimage of St.
Helena, Queen of Sweden.'

DAEGE, EDUARD. This artist was born in Berlin
2



n 1805, and was a pupil of Niedlich and Wach.
He became a member of the Academy of Berlin
and eventually Professor of the same school,
where as a lad he had taken many prizes. He
went to Italy in 1832, and this journey and the
long time which he spent in the country had a
marked effect upon his painting. At the National
jailer}- of Berlin there are two of his best works,
' The Old Sacristan,' and ' The Invention of Paint-
ing.' He died in 1883.

DAEHLING, HEIKRICH ANTON, a historical and
irenre painter, was born at Hanover in 1773. In
1794 he went to Berlin, where he was engaged in
miniature painting and as a teacher of drawing.
In 1802 lie visited Paris, and the study of the
galleries there first induced him to attempt paint-
ing in oil. From 1811 until his death he was a
member of the Berlin Academy, and professor at
the same from 1814 onwards. He died at Pots-
dam in 1850. One of his most famous pictures is
The Descent from the Cross,' the altar-piece at the
larrison Church in Potsdam. In the Berlin Gal-
lery is a ' State Entry,' painted by him.

DAEL, JAN FRANS VAN, an excellent painter of
fruit and flowers, was born at Antwerp in 1764, but
went early to Paris and settled there. He was
self-instructed in art, but made such progress that
he soon distinguished himself at the exhibitions,
on one occasion obtaining the prize of 4000 francs,
and on two others, the large gold medal. His
style is in the manner of Van Huysum and Van
Spaendonck, although he did not confine himself
strictly to fruit and flowers, but painted other sub-
jects, in which such objects might with propriety be
introduced. Two of his pictures, which he painted
for the Empress Josephine, represent ' An Offering
to Flora,' and ' The Tomb of Julia ' ; the latter is
now in the Louvre. His master-piece, known as
'La Croisee,' the fruit of three years' labour, was
likewise purchased by the Empress Josephine, and
is now in a private collection at Liege. He was
also patronized by the Empress Marie Louise, who
took one of his pictures with her to Parma. He
died in Paris in 1340, and was buried in the ceme-
tery of Pere Lachaise by the side of his friend Van
Spaendonck. The Louvre has also by him three
pictures of ' Flowers ' and one of ' Fruit.'

DAELE, JAN VAN, a Flemish landscape painter,
who was born at Antwerp in 1530, and died in
1601, excelled in representing mountainous and
rocky scenery. Balkema erroneously names him
Cornelis.

DAELENS, DIRK VAN. See DEELEN.

DAERINGER, JOHANN GEORG, an Austrian his-
torical painter, was born at Ried in 1759. He
painted many altar pictures, and held the post of
corrector of the Academy at Vienna, where he
died in 1809.

DAFFINGER, MORIZ MICHAEL, a distinguished
miniature painter, who has been called the Austrian
Isabey, was born at Vienna in 1790. While
studying at the Academy under Fiiger he showed
considerable talent for portrait painting, which he
improved at a later period by a study of the
manner of Lawrence, who visited Vienna during
the Congress of 1814. Daffinger painted portraits
of the Duke of Reichstadt and many of the
nobility of the court of Vienna, and etched four
plates, one of which was his own portrait. He
died at Vienna in 1849.

DA' FRUTTI, IL GOBBO. See BONZI.

DAGIU, FRANCESCO, called IL CAPELLA, who



GIROLAMO DAT LIBRI




Haiifstangl photo\ \_National Gallery

MADONNA AND CHILD WITH ST. ANNE



PAINTERS AND ENGRAVERS.



was born at Venice in 1714, was a scholar of
Giovanni Battista Piazzetta. He painted history,
and was chiefly employed for the churches at Ber-
gamo, and by the state. One of his best pictures
is ' St. George and the Dragon,' in the church of
San Bonate. He died in 1784.

DAGLEY, RICHARD, an English subject
painter, was born in the latter half of the 18th
century. He was brought up at Christ's Hospital,
and at first made designs for jewellery. From 1784
to 1806 he exhibited domestic subjects at the
Royal Academy. He then turned his attention to
teaching drawing, but again appeared at the Aca-
demy from 181 5 to 1833. As a medallist he obtained
some success, and he published works on Gems in
1804 and 1822. His life was a continued struggle
against poverty. He died in London in 1841.

DAGLI OCCHIALI,GABRIELE. SeeFERBAUTDJi.

DAGLI OCCHIALI, GASPARO. See WITTEL.

DAGNAN, ISIDORE, a French landscape painter,
was born at Marseilles in 1794, and died in Paris
in 1873. Among his pictures, which consist
chiefly of views in Southern France, Italy, and
Switzerland, are the following :

Fontainebleau. Palace. View of Lausanne. 1822.
View in Dauphine. 1827.

Versailles. Trianon. Lake of Geneva. 1822.

View of Paris from the Quai

de la Cite, 1831 (one of his

best works).
Banks of the Vigue near

Vaucluse.
Valley of the Lauterbrunnen.

1841.

,, Petrarch's House.

Old Beeches in the Forest of

Fontainebleau.

D'AGOTY, GAUTHIER. See GAUTHIER D'AGOTY.

DAGUERRE, Lo'uis JACQUES MANDE, a French
scene-painter, was born at Cormeilles-en-Parisis in
Normandy in 1787. He studied under Degoti, and
very soon surpassed all other masters in the art of
theatrical decoration. In 1822, in conjunction with
Bouton, he founded at Paris the Diorama, which
enjoyed great popularity until its destruction by
fire in 1839. But the great event of Daguerre's
life was his discovery of the art of photography,
or, as it was named after him, the Daguerreotype.
His first experiments were made in 1826, and in
1829 he associated himself with Niepce, who had
since the year 1814 been endeavouring to solve the
problem of fixing the image formed in the camera
obscura. The discovery was ceded to the public
in 1839, when Daguerre received a pension of
6000 francs. He died suddenly at Petit-Bry-sur-
Marne, near Paris, in 1851.

DAHL, JOHAN CHRISTIAN CLAUSEN, a Norwegian
landscape painter, was born at Bergen in 1788.
His parents wished him to enter the Church, but
he speedily followed his own inclination for art.
In 1811 he attended the Academy of Copenhagen,
and in 1818 went to Dresden. Later on, he travelled
in the Tyrol and Germany, and repeatedly visited
his native country, whose coasts and fiords, lakes
and towns, he painted with loving exactitude, but
with a singular dryness. He likewise etched four
plates. Dahl died at Dresden in 1857. His ' Storm



Online LibraryMichael BryanBryan's dictionary of painters and engravers (Volume 2) → online text (page 1 of 77)