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in the cathedral of that city. It represents Bishop
Arrivabene and Guidobaldo II., Duke of Urbino,
kneeling at an altar, and above them St. Thomas a
Becket and St. Martin. For the cathedral he also
painted, about the year 1508, a ' Magdalen,' which
is now in the Pinacoteca of Bologna ; and for the
church of Sant' Agata the 'Virgin Annunciate,
between SS. John the Baptist and Sebastian,' now
in the Brera, Milan. In 1518 he painted the 'Noli
me tangere,' for the Brotherhood of Sant' Angelo
Minore, at Cagli. About 1519 he went to Rome,
where he worked by the side of Raphael, and is
thought by Passavant to have executed the frescoes
of the prophets Daniel, Jonah, and Hosea, above
the Sybils, in the church of Santa Maria della
Pace, and is said by Vasari to have assisted even
with the Sybils. In the Academy of St. Luke at
Rome is a panel representing 'St. Luke painting
the Virgin and Child in the presence of a Youth,'
that has been assigned by Messrs. Crowe and Caval-
caselle to Timoteo. The Berlin Gallery possesses
a ' Madonna and Child, with Saints,' and a ' St.
Jerome' by him. He died at Urbino in 1523,
leaving a son, PIETRO BELLA VITE, who was a
painter of some note.

DELLE BATTAGLIE, IL BRESCIANINO. See
MONTI. FRANCESCO.

52



DELLE BATTAGLIE, L'ORACOLO. See FALCONE.
DELLE BATTAGLIE, MICHELANGELO. See
CERQDOZZI.
DELLE GIRANDOLE, BERNARDO. See BOON-

TALENTI.

DELLE GRECCHE, DOMENICO. See THEOTO-

COPDLI.

DELLE LAME, BIAGIO. See PUPINI.

DELLE MADONNE, CARLUCCIO. See MARATTI.

DELLE MADONNE, VITALE. See CAVALLI.

DELLERA, GIOVANNI, an Italian historical
painter, was born at Treviglio in 1765. He was
the son of a brazier, but his predilection for art
induced him to go to Bergamo and become a pupil
of Francesco Dagiii, called Capella. In 1785 he
went to Rome, and there became intimate with
Angelica Kauffinann, with whom he painted several
pictures. He died at Florence in 1798. His best
work is the 'Fainting of Queen Esther,' in the
church of Alzano Mnggiore, near Bergamo.

DELLE VITI, GIOVANNI. See MIEL.

DELLE, DELLO, (an abbreviation of Danielle,)
the son of Niccolo Delli, a doublet-maker, was born
at Florence about 1404. In 1424 his father was
condemned to death for high treason, and fled with
his sons to Siena, from whence, about 1427, they
went to Venice, where they remained for some
time. Dello's name was registered at the Painters'
Guild of Florence in 1433, in which year he went
to Spain, where he acquired so great a reputation
by the practice of sculpture and painting that
he attained to great wealth and honour. In
1446 he returned to Florence, and obtained the
recognition of his title of Cavaliere, and in the
following year painted some of the stories from
Genesis in the cloister of Santa Maria Novella.
About 1448 he went back to Spain, and is known
to have been still living between the years 1464
and 1466. He was a personal friend of Paolo
Uccello, who painted his portrait as Shem in the
fresco of the ' Inebriety of Noah,' in the cloister of
Santa Maria Novella.

DELL' ORTOLANO, GIOVANNI. See BENVENOTO.

DEL LUPINO. See LUINI.

DEL MAGRO, GDGLIELMO. See GIRALDI.

DEL MAZO MARTINEZ, JUAN BAUTISTA, a
Spanish painter, was born at Madrid about 1610.
He was educated in the school of Velazquez, whose
daughter he afterwards married, and whom he
succeeded as court painter to Philip IV. He is
said by Palomino to have excelled equally in
history, portraits, and landscapes; he also painted
sea pieces and views of towns, but hunting pieces
and landscapes were his best works. He possessed
extraordinary talent in copying the works of his
master, as well as those of Raphael, Titian, Tinto-
retto, and Paolo Veronese: and was much employed
by Philip IV. in copying the celebrated Venetian
pictures in the royal collection, which task he so
skilfully executed that his copies could with diffi-
culty be distinguished from the originals. He died
at Madrid in 1687. There are two portraits, a view
of Saragossa, and several landscapes by him in the
Madrid Gallery.

DEL MONTE, DEODATO. See VAN DER MONT.

DEL MORO, ANGOLO. See ANGOLO.

DEL MORO, GIOVANNI BATTISTA. See MORO.

DEL NERO, DURANTE. See ALBERTI.

DE LOOSE, JOANNES JOSEPHUS, a Belgian painter
and writer on art, who was born at Zele in 1770,
was a scholar at the Ghent Academy, where in
1794 he obtained the first prize for drawing from



PAINTERS AND ENGRAVERS.



the model. He afterwards studied under Ilerreyns
at Mechlin, and painted Scriptural scenes for the
churches of Ghent and other places. He has also
left a number of portraits. In 1812 the Literary
Society at Ghent awarded him a prize for his
writings, and in 1820 he received a medal from
the Royal Society of the Fine Arts in the same
city for his ' Treatise on the present Position of
Painting.' He died at St. Nicolas in 1849.

DELORME, ANTOINE, a French designer and
etcher of free subjects, was born in Paris in 1653,
and died miserably in prison in 1723.

DE LORME, ANTON, who was born at Rotterdam
in the 17th century, and was still living in 1660,
was an architectural painter, who specially devoted
himself to the interiors of churches and other public
edifices, in some of which Terborch painted the
figures. His works are very rare, and excel for the
perspective and the illumination. A ' Church In-
terior by candlelight' (1645) is in Warwick Castle,
and other 'Church Interiors' are in the Berlin,
Munich, and Stuttgart Galleries, and in the New
York Museum.

DELORME, PIERRE CLAUDE FRANCOIS, who was
born in Paris in 1783, studied in the school of
Girodet, and afterwards at Rome. He distin-
guished himself as a painter of history, and
finished the paintings in the chapel of the Virgin
in St. Gervais, as well as those in Notre-Dame de
Lorette, in Paris. He painted in the style of
Girodet. He died in Paris in 1859

DELORME DU EONCERAY, MARGUERITE
LOUISE AMELIE, a French amateur engraver, was
born in Paris in 1730. We have some neat and
spirited etchings by her, after Bouchardon and
other French painters ; among them the following :

Venus rising from the Sea; after Bouchardon ; finished

with the graver by St. Aulnn.
The Fountain of Grenelle, at Paris ; six plates ; after

the same. These were afterwards finished with the

graver by Tilliard and St. Aubin.
Head of St. Paul ; larger than life ; after the cartoon

by Pierre, for the church of St. Roch at Paris.
View of the Tower of Palmeraux ; after Cochin.
A Sultan and Sultana ; after E. Ficart.

DEL PACCHIA, GIROLAMO, who was born at
Siena in 1477, was the son of a Croatian cannon-
founder, Giovanni ' delle Bombarde.' After study-
ing in his native city and in Florence, he went about
1500 to Rome, and a few years afterwards painted
an altar-piece, which has since perished, for the
Pontignano Monastery. He returned to Siena
about 1508, and executed a 'Coronation of the
Virgin,' in the style of Raphael, for Santo Spirito,
and a 'Virgin and Child, between SS. Paul and
Bernard" in San Cristoforo. In 1518 he executed
an 'Annunciation' in Santo Spirito, as well as
frescoes in the manner of Bigi for the Brother-
hood of San Bernardino, and three scenes from the
' Life of St. Catharine ' in the Oratorio dell' Oca. He
worked much in conjunction with Pacchiarotti, with
whom he produced the ' Ascension ' at the Academy
of Siena ; but he was induced by him to enter the
dangerous club of the Bardotti, which in 1535 was
dispersed, upon which the two artists betook them-
selves to France, and painted for Charles VIII. in
the castle of Gaillon. The date of Del Pacchia's
death is not known. Among his existing paintings
are the following :

London. Nat. Gallery. Virgin and Child (assigned to
Pacchiarotti).



London. 2>uke of JTest- ) Holy Family (assigned to Fra

minster. j Bartolommeo).
Munich. Gallery. St. Bernard.

Virgin and Child (assigned to

Pacch iarotti).

Siena. Academy. Holy Family, with St. Anthony

of Padua.

DEL PELLICCIAIO, GIACOMO, (or GIACOJIO DI
MINO,) a Sienese who lived in the 14th century,
was the contemporary of Lippo Vanni and Luca
Thome 1 , being in 1373 appointed to value one of the
latter's pictures. His name appears in the Sienese
records from 1362 to 1389. In 1367 he aided Bartolo
di Maestro Fredi at Siena cathedral. He is known
to have painted book-covers for the Biccherna, and
was several times a member of the Grand Council of
Siena. The dates of his birth and death are alike
uncertain. There exist the following works by him :

Siena. Academy. Coronation of St. Catharine. 1362.
Chiesa dei Servi. Virgin and Child, known as the
' Madonna del Verde.' 1363.

DEL PIOMBO, SEBASTIANO. See LUCIANI.

DEL PO, GIACOJIO, the son of Pietro del Po,
was born in 1654, according to some accounts at
Palermo, but according to others at Rome or
at Naples, and was first instructed in art by his
father, but afterwards by Nicolas Poussin. He was
chiefly occupied in decorating the mansions of the
Neapolitan nobility with emblematical and alle-
gorical subjects, for which his inventive genius
and extraordinary facility particularly qualified
him. As is usual -with the majority of mechanists,
despatch and confidence led him into the negligence
and incorrectness of a mannerist. Rome possesses
only two of his pictures, one in the church of Sant'
Angelo in Pescheria, and the other in Santa Marta;
but his talents are seen to greater advantage in his
frescoes in the gallery of the Marquis of Genzano,
and particularly in the palace of the Prince of
Avellino at Naples. He died at Naples in 1726.

DEL PO, PIETEO, was born at Palermo in 1610,
and studied under Domenichino at Naples, during
that celebrated painter's residence in that city.
He painted some pictures for the churches at
Palermo, and afterwards visited Rome, where,
among other works, he painted a picture of St.
Leo, for La Madonna di Costantinopoli. He
was, however, more successful in easel pictures
than in those of larger dimensions, and he was
more distinguished as an engraver than as a painter.
He died at Naples in 1692. There are several
etchings by this artist, some of which are finished
with the graver. They are not so correctly designed
as might have been expected from the school in
which he was educated. Among others are the
following :

St. John in the Wilderness ; after Annibale Carracci.
The Woman of Canaan before Christ ; after the same.
The Dead Christ on the Lap of the Virgin ; after the

same.
The Virgin seated on a Throne with the Infant, and a

choir of Angels ; after Domenichino.
The four Cardinal Virtues, with their attributes ; after

the same.

St. Jerome kneeling, with an Angel ; after the same.
The Annunciation ; after N. Poussin.
The Flight into Egypt ; after the same.

DEL PO, TERESA, was the daughter of Pietro
del Po. She is said to have painted in oil and in
miniature, and has etched a few plates in the style
of her father ; among which is ' Susannah and the
Elders,' after Carracci. Bartsch says she engraved

53



A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF



in the manner of her father so closely, that it is
difficult to distinguish their works. He describes
sixteen prints by her, and enumerates six more
mentioned by Fiissli. The date of her birth is not
known ; but she was a member of the Academy of
St. Luke at Rome, and died at Naples in 1716.

DEL POGGIO, GIOVANNI. See GIOVANNI DI
PAOLO.

DEL POLLAJUOLO, ANTONIO, an Italian gold-
smith and painter, born at Florence in 1429, was
the son of Jacopo d'Antonio de' Benci, a poulterer,
for which reason Antonio and his brother Piero
and their descendants took the name of ' Del
Pollajuolo.' He was apprenticed to Bartoluccio
Ghiberti, a goldsmith, whom he left in 1459 and
opened a shop of his own as goldsmith, sculptor,
and engraver. He was considered one of the most
eminent goldsmiths of his time, and excelled in all
the branches of that art. Soon after 1489 he went to
Rome, where he cast and carved the Funeral Monu-
ments of the Popes Sixtus IV. and Innocent VIII.,
and executed several commissions for the Cardinals
Benevento and Ascanio. He next turned his at-
tention to painting, and, in conjunction with his
younger brother Piero, produced many paintings
celebrated for their design, knowledge of anatomy,
and power of colour. He also executed in niello
several paxes for the church of San Giovanni at
Florence. One only of these now remains: it
represents the ' Deposition from the Cross,' and is
in the Florence Gallery. Antonio died at Rome in
1498.

Vasari states that Antonio was the better artist
of the two Pollajuoli ; but, judging from their
early education, Piero had gained the greater ex-
perience in painting, before they entered into
partnership.

The following are their best works : Mr. Berensen
is of opinion that the two ' Hercules ' pictures in
the Uflizi are by Antonio, and the others by Piero :
other authorities differ.

Berlin. Museum. The Annunciation.

David.

Florence. Vjji:i. Hercules and Antieus.

n Hercules and the Hydra.

Prudence (one of the ' Tirtues'

painted for the Jfercatanzia,
Florence).

Profile of a Lady.

St.JameswithSS.Eustaceand

Vincent (formerly in San
Jliniato at Monte, Florence).

London. Nat. Gall. The Martyrdom of St. Sebas-
tian (a masterpiece, 1475,
formerly in San Sebastiano
de 1 Servi, Florence).

Apollo and Daphne.

S Gemignano. Church. Coronation of the Virgin.

1483.
Turin. Gallery. The Archangel and Tohit.

Vasari states that this artist executed several
engravings, but Bartsch mentions only three, and
these are now very rare. They are as follow :

The Gladiators.

Hercules strangling Antseus.

Hercules fighting the Giants.

DEL POLLAJUOLO, PIERO, who was born at
Florence in 1443, was a younger brother of Antonio
del Pollajuolo. He studied painting for a short
time under Andrea del Castagno, and then entered
the workshop of his brother, in conjunction with
whom he worked much. It is very difficult to
assign to each his share in these jointly-executed

54



productions, but it is thought that those in which
traces of the sculptor's art are plainly discernible
are by the hand of Antonio, and that those of
greater pictorial excellence owe their origin to
Piero. Piero was dead when his elder brother
made his will in 1496.

DEL PORTO, GIOVANNI BATTISTA, was an en-
graver who flourished about the year 1503, and was
commonly known by the name of ' The Master of
the Bird,' from his practice of marking his prints
with a bird after the initials /. B. Amongst them
there are :

St. Sebastian on the Tree.
Leda with the Swan.
The Rape of Europa.

He also executed the designs for the following
woodcuts :

St. Jerome with the Lions.
Diana and Actseon.
The Three Graces.
The Eape of Ganymede.

DEL POZZO, MATTEO, was a pupil of Squarci-
one, who lived in the middle of the 15th century.
He worked during the years 1469 to 1471 at the
decorations of the Cappella Gattamelata in the Santo
of Padua, where he painted a ' St. Francis.' He
died in 1472.

DEL PRADO, BLAS, (or DE PRADO,) was a
Spanish painter, who was born in the vicinity of
Toledo, about 1540, and was a scholar of Alonso
Berruguete. There are some of his works in the
chapel of St. Bias at Toledo, but they are much
injured by time and the dampness of the situation.
At Madrid there are also some pictures by this
artist, particularly an altar-piece in the church of
San Pedro, representing the ' Descent from the
Cross,' which is evidently the work of a great
master. In the early part of his life Prado waj
invited to visit the court of the Emperor of
Morocco, to paint a portrait of his daughter, and
returned to Spain amply rewarded for his labour.
Whilst at Fez he painted the portraits of the
Princesses of the Harem. He died at Madrid
about 1600.

DEL RICCIO, DOMENICO, called BRUSASORCI,
was born at Verona in 1494, and was a disciple
of Giulio Romano. His greatest improvement,
however, was derived from an attentive study
of the works of Giorgione and Titian, at Venice.
His picture of ' St. Roch,' in the church of the
Augustinians at Verona, is entirely in the style
of the latter, as well as some pictures of fabulous
subjects in private collections. His genius did
not confine itself to the style of any individual
master ; and his works at Mantua partake of the
depth of colouring of Giorgione, and of the
graceful design of Parmigiano. His picture of
'Phaeton,' in the ducal palace, though somewhat
damaged by time, still charms by the ingenuity of
the composition, the harmony of the colour, and the
admirable fore-shortening. Brusasorci's greatest
merit was in fresco painting ; and in the many
admirable works with which he embellished the
public edifices and palaces, he united the erudition
of the poet to the skill of the painter. His best
historical work was the ' Cavalcade of Clement
VIII. and Charles V. on their entry into Bologna,'
in the saloon of the Casa Ridolfi, a grand com-
position, which is spoken of by Lanzi in terms of
the highest praise. He died in 1567. ' Brusasorci,'
which signifies a ' burner of rats,' wp.s a nickname
given to his father because of his inflicting that



ANTONIO DEL POLLAJUOLO




Alinari p/wto] [Pitti Palace, Florence

ST. SEBASTIA



ANTONIO DEL POLLAJUOLO



'#&,/




Alinai i photo]



\Corsini Gallery, Florence



PORTRAIT OF A GENTLEMAN



PAINTERS AND ENGRAVERS.



cruel punishment on all the rats caught in his
house.

DEL RICCIO, FELICE, called BRUSASORCI 'the
younger,' the son of Domenico del Riccio, was born
at Verona about the year 1540, and was first in-
structed by his father, after whose death he con-
tinued his studies at Florence, under Jacopo Ligozzi.
He painted for the private collections at Verona
several pictures of Holy Families and Madonnas,
with angels, which were admired for their grace and
beauty of expression. His picture of the ' Forge
of Vulcan, with the Cyclops,' in the collection of
Count Gazzola, is designed in the best style of the
Florentine school, and vigorously coloured. There
are also some altar-pieces by him in the churches at
Verona, of which the most admired is his picture
of ' St. Helena,' in the church dedicated to that saint.
He died in 1605.

DEL RINCON, ANTONIO, was born at Guada-
laxara in 1446, and may be considered as the father
of the Spanish School. He studied at Rome, and
on his return to Spain was taken into the service
of Ferdinand the Catholic, who appointed him his
painter, bestowed on him the order of Santiago,
and made him groom of his chamber. Among the
few of his works that remain are the altar-piece
in the church of Robledo de Chabela, a town in the
archbishopric of Toledo, and two portraits of
Ferdinand and Isabella, in the church of San
Juan de los Reyes, at Toledo. Several of his works
perished in the fire that destroyed the palace of
the Pardo in 1608. He died in 1500.

DEL RINCON, FERNANDO, was the son and
scholar of Antonio del Rincon. He assisted Juan
de Borgofia in various works in Toledo Cathedral,
about 1511-14, and his name appears in the archives
of the College of St. Ildefonso at Alcala in 1518,
when he received 500 maravedis for polishing the
medallion of Cardinal Cisneros.

DEL SANTISIMO SACRAMENTO, JUAN. See
GUZMAN.

DEL SARTO, ANDREA. See ANDREA D'AGNOLO.

DEL SAZ, JULIAN DE LA FUENTE. See DE LA

FUENTE DEL SAZ.

DELSENBACH, JOHANN ADAM, a German en-
graver, was born at Nuremberg in 1687. He
worked for some years in Vienna, but died in his
native city in 1765. He engraved a series of forty-
nine views in Nuremberg, between the years 1713
and 1716, and several portraits for Roth-Scholtz's
' Icones Bibliopolarum et Typographorum,' pub-
lished at Nuremberg in 1726-42. He also engraved
some plates for Scheuchzer's Bible, as well as
twenty-eight views in Vienna.

DEL SERO, Guccio. See AGHINETTI.

DEL SIGNORACCIO, PAOLO, called FRA PAO-
LINO DA PISTOJA, and IL PISTOJESE, was born at
Pistoja in 1490, and died there from the effects of
a sunstroke in 1547. He received his first instruc-
tions from his father, Bernardino d'Antonio Detti,
called Signoraccio, an inferior artist, by whom
some works still remain at Pistoja. Fra Paolino
entered the Dominican Order at an early age, and
studied under Fra Bartolommeo, after whose death
he finished many of his pictures. A ' Virgin and
Child enthroned, with Saints,' by him, dated 1528,
is in San Paolo at Pistoja ; a ' Crucifixion,' dated
1516, is in Santo Spirito in Siena ; and in the
Belvedere in Vienna is a ' Virgin and Child en-
throned, surrounded by six Saints,' dated 1510.

DEL SIGNOR GUIDO, PIETRO. See GALLINARI.

DEL VAGA, PEKING. See BUONACCORSI.



DELVAUX, EDOUARD, a Flemish landscape
painter, was born at Brussels in 1806. He studied
under Van Assche, and afterwards became director
of the Academy at Spa, where he died in 1862.
He loved to represent wooded scenery, and de-
lighted particularly in enormous trees. Amongst
his works are :

View OD the Senne near Fozest.

Hilly Country ; Windy Weather (Brussels Museum).

View near the Sambre (Haarlem Museum).

DELVAUX, FERDINAND MARIE, a Belgian his-
torical and genre painter, was born at Brussels in
1782. He studied under Andries Lens, and twice
visited Italy. On his way back to his native
country he was seized with fever, and died at
Bologna in 1815. Amongst his best works are:

Brussels. Franciscan \ Martyrdom of St. Stephen.

Convent. )
Museum. Interior of the Cloisters of the

Chartreuse, Rome.

,, Interior of a Nunnery at Rome.

Ghent. Academy. Saul and David.

DELVAUX, REMI HENRI JOSEPH, a French en-
graver, was born in Paris in 1748, according to some
authorities, or at Lille in 1750, according to others.
He engraved several plates for the ' Cabinet
Choiseul ' and the ' Galerie du Palais-Royal,' but
the chief occupation of his life was to reproduce
the designs of Moreau, whose illustrations to ' Les
Amours de Psyche^ et de Cupidon ' are Delvaux's
most important work. He also engraved ' The
Miraculous Draught of Fishes,' after Rubens ; ' The
Hunter,' after Metsu, and several portraits. He
died in Paris in 1823. MARIE AUGUSTE DELVAUX,
his daughter, born in 1786, learned the art of
engraving from him.

DEL VERROCCHIO, ANDREA, was the son of
Domenico di Michele de' Cioni, and was born at
Florence in 1432. He is said to have been a pupil
of Donatello, and like his contemporaries the
Pollajuoli kept a goldsmith's shop. Vasari says of
him, " He was a goldsmith, a master of perspective,
a sculptor and carver, a painter, and a musician."
He is chiefly celebrated for his works in bronze,
and notably for the ' David ' now in the Uffizi
Gallery at Florence; for the ' St. Thomas examining
the Wounds of Christ' in Or San Michele in the
same city ; and for the model for the equestrian
statue of Colleoni, at Venice. He has left but one
authentic example of his powers as a painter
namely, the ' Baptism of Christ,' now in the
Florence Academy, in respect to which Vasari
states that he received the aid of his pupil, Leonardo
da Vinci. Verrocchio has also the credit of having
taught Pietro Perugino. He died at Venice in
1488.

DEL VISO, CRISTOBAL, a painter, and a monk
of the order of St. Francis, died at the end of the
17th century at Madrid, where he resided in quality
of commissary-general of the Indies. All the Saints
of his order which are to be seen in the chapter-
house of the convent of San Francisco at Cordova,
are by him, and show his talent.

DEL ZUCCA, JACOPO, (or JACOPO ZUCCHI,) was
born at Florence about the year 1541. He was a
disciple of Giorgio Vasari, and assisted that master
in several of his works. According to Baglione,
he visited Rome when young, in the pontificate of
Gregory XIII., where he was favoured with the
patronage of Cardinal Ferdinando de' Medici, who
employed him in some considerable fresco works

55



A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF



for his palace. There are' also several altar-pieces
by him in the public edifices at Rome, of which
the most worthy of notice are the ' Nativity of St.
John,' in the church of San Giovanni Decollate,
and the ' Descent of the Holy Ghost,' in San Spirito
in Borgo. He died about 1604.

DE MAN, CORNELIS, a Dutch painter, was born
at Delft in 1621. He travelled through Lyons to
Lombardy, and stayed two years at Florence and
three in Rome. He afterwards went to Venice,
where the works of Titian, particularly his portraits,
were the chief objects of his attention. After an
absence of nine years he returned to Holland, and
established himself in his native city. One of
the most admired paintings at Delft is a large



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