Michael Bryan.

Bryan's dictionary of painters and engravers (Volume 2) online

. (page 20 of 77)
Online LibraryMichael BryanBryan's dictionary of painters and engravers (Volume 2) → online text (page 20 of 77)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

DE ZE, , is the name affixed to a small print
representing ' Christ dead in the Tomb, attended
by an Angel.' It is executed entirely with the
graver, in a style resembling that of Jan Sadeler,
and is apparently from the artist's own design.


DE ZETTER, PAUL, was a native of Hanover,
who flourished about the year 1630. He was
chiefly employed in engraving portraits, from his
own designs, which are executed with sufficient
neatness, but in a stiff, tasteless style. He en-
graved several plates for Boissard's collection of
portraits. His prints are sometimes marked P.
D. Z. fee., and sometimes with the accom- T)
panying monogram : 33





engraver, who flourished in the early part of the
18th century. There are by him a set of Biblical
subjects etched in the manner of Sebastian Le
Clerc, and also a few portraits, among which is
that of Aubert Lemire, after Van Dyck.

DIAMANTE, Fra, was the pupil and assistant
of Fra Filippo Lippi, and like him had been a
novice in the Carmine of Florence. He survived
his master, and became the guardian of Filippino
Lippi. He seems to have been at Prato with Fra
Filippo, and is said to have aided him in the decor-
ations of the choir of its cathedral. In 1463 he

was confined in his convent at Florence by order
of his superior, and letters remain to prove that
the ' comune ' of Prato demanded his liberty. He
afterwards went to Spoleto, and assisted Fra Filippo
in the frescoes of the Duomo, and received two
hundred ducats for their completion in 1470 after
his master's death. From there he returned to
Prato, where in 1470 he executed the portrait of
the Podesta, Cesare Petrucci, in the portico of the
palace. This work has now been destroyed, and
it is very difficult to tell where Fra Diamante's
work begins in any of the frescoes still remaining
where the two friars worked together. The dates
of his birth and death are unknown.

D1AMANTINI, GIUSEPPE, a painter who was
more eminent as an engraver, was born at Fossom-
brone in 1660. He resided chiefly at Venice,
where he distinguished himself both as a painter
and as an engraver. In the church of San Moise
is a picture by him of the ' Adoration of the Magi,'
but he was more employed for private collections
than for the churches, and must have devoted a
great part of his time to engraving, as he has left
a considerable number of plates, of which the
greater part are etchings. They are executed in a
free style, with considerable taste, and his design
is graceful, and tolerably correct. He died at
Venice in 1708. The following are his principal
prints^ which are frequently marked Eques Dia-
mantinus, in. f.

The Holy Family, with St. John holding a Cross.

Hagar in the Desert ; oval.

The Marriage at Caua ; after Paolo Veronese.

The Dead Christ, supported by an Angel.

The Death of Dido ; octagon.

Venus, Ceres, and Apollo.

Mercury and Flora.

The Fall of Phaeton.

Mercury and Argus ; octagon.

Venus and Adonis.


DIANA, BENEDETTO, was a companion of Car-
paccio and Mansueti, who lived in the latter part
of the 15th and early part of the 16th centuries.
He was an inferior artist, and worked both in
tempera and oils. He painted ' The Brethren
distributing Alms,' in San Giovanni Evangelista,
Venice ; and he assisted Lazzaro Bastiani in paint-
ing the standards on the Piazza of San Marco.
Many galleries in Venice possess paintings by
him. In the Academy, besides other paintings,
are the ' Virgin and Child,' formerly in Santa Lucia
at Padua, and a 'Transfiguration.' The church of
Santa Maria della Croce, Crema, has an altar-piece
representing the 'Gift of the Miraculous Girdle
to St. Thomas.' No dates can be given of his
birth or death.

DIAS, GASPAR, a Portuguese painter, studied
at Rome under Raphael and Michelangelo, and on
his return home devoted himself to the produc-
tion of church pictures. He died at Lisbon in 1571.

DIAS, MANOEL, an historical painter, was born
at San Sebastian in Brazil, and studied at Rome
under Cavallucci towards the end of the 18th cen-
tury. After his return to South America he became
professor of drawing at Rio Janeiro.

DIAZ, DIEGO VALENTIN, a Spanish historical
painter, and a familiar of the Holy Office, was a
native of Valladolid. He painted many important
pictures for churches and monasteries, especially
for the church of San Benito, now a barrack, and
the convents of St. Jerome and of St. Francis, of



which the ' Jubilee of the Porciuncula ' in the
latter house was one of the most esteemed. His
' Holy Family,' painted for San Benito, is now in
the Museum at Valladolid ; but his best work was
the altar-piece representing the ' Annunciation of
the Virgin,' painted for the Hospital for Orphan
Girls which he founded at Valladolid. The archi-
tecture and perspective are in the finest style, and
the statues introduced are admirably executed.
Diaz died at Valladolid in 1660. He accumulated
considerable wealth, the greater part of which he
left for the support of this hospital, where he was
buried, and where are preserved the portraits of
the munificent artist and of his wife " he a grey-
haired sharp old man, she a dark-eyed dame."

DIAZ, GONZALO, a Spanish painter, was a scholar
of Sanchez Castro. He executed in 1499 some
small paintings for the altar of the Magdalen in
the cathedral of Seville.

landscape painter, was born in 1809, at Bordeaux,
where his parents, who were of Spanish extraction,
had taken up their abode. Having been left an
orphan at the age of ten, he was adopted by a
Protestant clergyman at Bellevue, and from his
earliest years he studied nature in the woods, the
loss of his left leg being caused by sleeping on
the grass. At the age of fifteen he was placed
with a porcelain manufacturer, but left him in order
to study under Sigalon. He then tried historical
and genre subjects, but without success, and for
several years endured great poverty. At length
his landscapes won for him fame. He last exhibited
at the Salon in 1859, and died at Mentone from the
bite of a viper in 1876. Amongst his chief works

The Nymphs in the Grotto of Calypso. 1840.

The Dream. 1841.

Gipsies going to a Fete. 1844.

Interior of a Forest. 1846.

Dogs in a Forest. 1847.

The Promenade. 1848.

Diana setting out for the Chase. 1848.

A Bather tormented by Cupids. 1851.

The Last Tears. 1855.

The Close of a fine Day. 1855.

La Eivale. 1855.

Galatea. 1859.

The following works by him are in public galleries ;
Girl with Dogs (South Kensington).
The Forest of Foutainebleau (Bordeaux Museum).
Four Studies (Luxembourg Gallery).

His eldest son, EMILE DIAZ, who was also a painter,
died in I860", at the early age of 25.

DIBDIN, CHARLES, the well-known song-writer,
who was born at Southampton in 1745, and died in
London in 1814, occasionally practised art as an
amateur. John Hill engraved in aquatint some
views of Lake Scenery after him. Dibdin also,
it is said, executed some scene-painting.

DICEY, FRANK, an English painter of portraits,
and of genre subjects of a somewhat ambitious
class, exhibited at the Academy and with the
British Artists between 1865 and 1880. A portrait
by him of the Prince of Wales was engraved by
Scott. Dicey died in May 1888.

DICHTL, MARTIN, (or DUCHTL,) a German painter
and engraver in mezzotint, practised at Nuremberg
from 1623 to 1680. In the Gallery at Stockholm
is a work by him called 'A Kitchen.'

DICKINSON, WILLIAM, an English engraver,
was born in London in 1746. He obtained a pre-
mium from the Society of Arts in 1767. His works

were published by a firm of which he was a mem-
ber. In his later years he lived in France, still
pursuing his profession, and he died in Paris in
1823. Amongst his engravings are :

Sir Joseph Banks ; after Sir Joshua Reynolds. 1774.
Dr. Percy, Dean of Carlisle ; after the same. 1775.
Viscountess Crosbie ; after the same. 1779.
Elizabeth Hamilton, Countess of Derby ; after the same.


Lady Taylor ; after the same. 1783.
Miss Eamus, afterwards Lady Day ; after Romney.


Admiral Lord Keppel ; after the same. 1779.
Sir Charles Hardy ; after the same. 1781.
Lord Grantham ; after the same. 1783.
John, Duke of Argyll ; after Gainsborough.
Lord Auckland ; after Sir T. Lawrence 1796.
Napoleon I. ; after Gerard. 1815.
Sir E. Peel ; after Northcote. 1818.

DICKSON, J., an English engraver, resided at
Oxford about the year 1660. He engraved a por-
trait of Edward Parry, Bishop of Killaloe, prefixed
to his ' Antidote against the Prosperity of the
Wicked, and the Afflictions of the Just,' published
in 1660.

DIDAY, FRANQOIS, a Swiss landscape painter,
was born at Geneva in 1812. He studied in Paris
and travelled in Italy, but chiefly lived in his native
country. He, however, frequently exhibited in the
Paris Salon, where he obtained medals in 1840
and 1841. He died in 1877, at Geneva, to which
city he bequeathed his property, valued at 400,000
francs. The following are among his best works:

Glacier of Rosenthal. (Lausanne Museum.)
The Oak and the Heed. (Geneva Museum.)
The Faulhorn in Switzerland. (Neue Pinakothek,


Mont Saleve. > (London International Exhibition,

Storm in a Forest. ) 1862.)

DIEGO, , a Spanish engraver, who in 1548
executed at Saragossa the frontispiece for Zurita's
' Anales de Aragon,' printed in 1562.


graver and painter, was born in Paris in 1787. He
was instructed by Reboul and by Audouin, and
died in Paris in 1865. The following works by him
may be mentioned :

The Sibyls ; after Raphael.

Raphael and Perugino ; after the same.

The Holy Family ; after the same.

The Madonna ; after Murillo.

The Death of Demosthenes ; after Boisselier.

St. Scolastica ; after Lesueur.

The Battle of Austerlitz ; after Gerard.


Bois-le-Duc in 1599, but most likely went to
Antwerp about 1629. With the advantage of a
classical education, and the tuition of Rubens, he
was nurtured in a genial soil, and, like his great
instructor, he treated with equal success subjects
of history and fable. His first pursuit in art was
painting on glass, and he produced some works
in that branch which are highly esteemed, par-
ticularly the windows in a chapel in the cathedral
of Antwerp, where he represented the 'Acts of
Mercy,' and some others i. the church of the
Dominicans, in which he depicted the ' Life of St.
Paul.' He abandoned glass painting soon after his
return from Italy, whither he had been for im-
provement, and devoted himself to oil painting
and designing. His inventive genius, and his rare




facility of execution, caused him to be much em-
ployed in designs for the publications of his time,
particularly for the Abb& de Marolles's ' Tableaux
u Temple des Muses,' published at Paris in 1655,
the plates for which were engraved by Cornells
Bloemaert. In the church of the Carmelites at
Antwerp is a tine picture by this master, repre-
senting the ' Virgin in the Clouds, with St. Ely ' ;
and at the Recollets there were some pictures by
him which are said by Descamps to be equal to
those of Van Dyck. This painter was in England
in the reign of Charles I., and was much employed
by the Duke of Newcastle, for whom he made the
designs for his book on ' Horsemanship.' He died
at Antwerp in 1675. The following are some of
his best works :

Antwerp. Museum.


Berlin. Gallery.

Bordeaux. Museum.
Brussels. Museum.



Dresden. Gallery.
Frankfort. Stadel.



Vienna. Gallery.

The Ecstasy of St. Bonaventura.

St. Norbert.

The Marriage of St. Catharine.

The Flight of Cloelia.

The Rape of Ganymede.

St. Francis adoring the Holy

St. Norbert and the first Abbot of

St. Michel.

Neptune and Ampliitrite.
Portrait of a Youcg Man. 1665.
Portrait of a Young Woman.
Abraham and the three Angels.
The Flight of Cloelia.
Portraits of a Man and 'Woman.
An Allegory of Mortality.
A Pieti.

There is an etching of a ' Peasant and his Ass,'
by Van Diepenbeeck, which is very rare.

DIEPRAAM, ABRAHAM, a Dutch painter of the
17th century, painted drolleries and drunken frolics.
He was a scholar of Hendrik Martin Rokes, called
Sorgh, although he did not follow the style of that
master, but imitated the works of Adriaan Brouwer,
in which he was not very successful.

RODRIGUEZ, of the Society of Jesus, was born at
Antwerp in 1618, and died at Madrid in 1669. He
went to Spain when he was about thirty, and entered
the Imperial College at Madrid, where he entered
the Society of Jesus, and changed his name from
Dierix to Rodriguez, for the sake of euphony.
He painted in the Flemish manner, for the refec-
tory of the above-mentioned college, ' Abraham
entertaining the three Angels,' the ' Marriage at
Cana,' the ' Holy Family,' ' Christ at Emmaus,'
and the ' Banquet at the house of the Pharisee,
with the Magdalen anointing Christ.'

DIES, ALBERT CHRISTOPH, born at Hanover in
1755, acquired the rudiments of art under a painter
in that town. He afterwards studied under Pigage
at Mannheim and under Mechel at Basle, and then
visited Rome and Naples. At Rome he executed
some landscapes in water-colour for Volpato.
Among his works may be mentioned the twenty-
four etchings of Italy, contributed to the 'Collection
de Vues pittoresques de 1'Italie ' (1799), of which
those of Tivoli are very fine. In the Belvedere at
Vienna there are by him two landscapes in oil, both
views near Salzburg, dated 1796 and 1797 ; these,
however, are of less importance than his water-
colours. He died a^-'Vienna in 1822.

DIEST, ADRIAAN VAN, was born at the Hague in
1655. He was the son of a painter of sea-pieces,
by whom he was instructed in the art. When he
was seventeen years of age he came to London,
and was employed by Granville, Earl of Bath, for

whom he painted several views and ruins in the
west of England. He also painted portraits, but
did not meet with much encouragement, although
his pictures, particularly his landscapes, possess
considerable merit ; as a proof of which Horace
Walpole states that there were seven pictures by
Van Diest in Sir Peter Lely's collection. He
etched several landscapes from his own designs, in
a slight, masterly style. Van Diest died in Lon-
don in 1704. Unfortunately for his reputation, he
is generally known by his worst pictures, which
are frequently found in old houses, on wainscots,
or over doors, and are executed in a hasty manner,
with much mountainous background. His better
pictures have changed their name.

artists, who were brothers, resided at Vienna in
the early part of the 18th century. They engraved
conjointly a set of plates, representing the principal
fountains at Rome. Franz Ambros Dietel died at
Vienna in 1730.



Solothurn, in Switzerland, in 1804, and was in-
structed in the rudiments of art by German, a
drawing-master of that town. He distinguished
himself as a portrait painter, and visited Paris and
Italy, remaining also some time at Geneva ; but
he finally settled at Berne, where he died in 1874.
He painted for the town of Solothurn ' The Burgo-
master Wengi before the Cannon.'

wards called DIETRICI, or DIETRICY,) a German
artist, was born at Weimar in 1712. He learnt
the principles of art from his father, Joliann
Georg Dietrich, who was court-painter at Weimar,
and was afterwards a scholar of Thiele, the land-
scape painter. He established himself at Dresden,
where he was patronized by the court, and was
in 1729 appointed court-painter to Augustus II.,
king of Poland ; and in 1741 he received the same
appointment with a yearly salary of 400 thalers,
for which he was to produce yearly four cabinet
pictures, for Augustus III., who sent him in 1742
to Italy, where he passed some time at Rome and
Venice. His studies in Italy do not appear to
have had much influence on his style, which re-
mained entirely German. His chief talent consisted
in a successful imitation of the works of Rembrandt,
Ostade, Poelenborch, Salvator Rosa, &c., particu-
larly as a colourist, in which he greatly excelled.
In 1746 he became keeper of the Dresden Gallery,
in which he is very fully represented. He was
also Professor in the Academy of Arts at Dresden,
and Director of the Painting School at the Meissen
Porcelain Factory. Dietrich also executed, after
his own compositions, a large number of etchings,
in which he imitated successfully the manner of
Rembrandt and of Ostade. He died at Dresden in
1774. The following are some of the best of his
paintings :
Bordeaux. Museum. Holy Family.

,, Landscapes (Jive).

Brussels. Museum. His own Portrait.
Cassel. Gallery. Two Landscapes.

Darmstadt. Gallery. The Parable of the Woman and

the Lost Penny.
The Parable of the Blind leading

the Blind.

Evening Landscape.

Dresden. Gallery. Fifty-four Pictures (bearing dates
from 1739 to 1766).



Hampton Court. Pal. Nymphs in a landscape bathing.
- The Woman taken in Adultery.

The Tribute Money.

London. Nat. Gallery. The Itinerant Musicians. 1745.
Milan. Brera. Landscape.
Paris. Louvre. The Woman taken in Adultery.


Petersburg. Hermitaye. Eepose in Egypt. 1757.
The Entombment. 1759.

The Squirrel.

., A Camera Obscura.

Views in Italy (two).

Vienna. Gallery. Angel appearing to the Shepherds.
.. Adoration of the Shepherds. 1760.

Dietrich's etched work extends to nearly two hun-
dred prints, several of which are very scarce, as he
frequently destroyed the plate, after having taken
off a certain number of impressions. His earlier
works are marked with a monogram, composed of
a C. and a D., but he afterwards signed them with
his name, or with his initials, C. W. E. D., or
with D. only. The following are his principal


Lot and his Daughters ; scarce.

Abraham going to sacrifice Isaac ; scarce. 1730.

The same subject differently composed ; very scarce.

The Nativity. 1740.

St. Philip baptizing the Eunuch.

The Adoration of the Shepherds ; in the style of Rem-

The Circumcision.

The Flight into Egypt.

Another of the same subject, differently composed.

The Eepose hi Egypt ; scarce. 1732.

Another Repose in Egypt. 1734.

The Return from Egypt.

Christ found disputing with the Doctors. 1731.

Our Saviour healing the Sick.

The Prodigal Son.

The Resurrection of Lazarus ; in the style of Rembrandt.

The Descent from the Cross ; in the same style ;
scarce. 1730.

Another of the same subject, differently treated ; also
in the style of Rembrandt. 1742.

The Disciples at Emmaus ; extremely rare ; the plate

Christ appearing to the Magdalen ; unfinished. 1760.

The Preaching of St. James. 1740.

St. Jerome writing. 1731.


Famine and Pestilence ; very scarce. 1731.

Nero on his Death-bed, tormented by Furies and the
Shade of his Mother ; scarce.

Jupiter and Antiope ; one of his best etchings ; scarce.

The Artist in his Painting Room. 1730.

The same subject with variations. 1732.

The Quack Doctor ; in the style of Teniers. 1732.

The Hungarian Quack Doctor. 1757.

The Itinerant Musicians ; in the style of Ostade. The
picture by Dietrich is in the National Gallery.

The Alchemist in his Laboratory ; in the style of Rem-
brandt ; scarce. 1731.

Twenty plates of Busts and Heads ; chiefly in the man-
ner of Rembrandt.

About thirty-six plates of Landscapes, in the styles of
Berchem, Brecnbery, Claude Lorrain, Rtdsdael, and
Salvator Rosa, and in his own manner.

historical subjects, was born at Biberach in 1789,
and learned painting of Seele and Heideloff at
Stuttgart. In 1820 he went to Rome, where he
studied the works of the great masters, and executed
several paintings, as well as copies, of considerable
merit. After his return home, he was employed in
the Hall of the Estates at Rosenstein, and painted
in fresco for several churches. He was Professor


in the Academy at Stuttgart, where he died in
1846. His best works are :

The Resurrection of Christ (in Stuttyart Cathedral).

The Visitation, the Nativity, the Adoration of the
Magi, Christ on the Mount of Olives, the Crucifixion,
the Entombment, and the Resurrection (in the
Church at Jiulach, near Carlsruhe).

Abraham entering the Promised Land (in the Royal
Palace, Stuttyart).

An Adoration of the Shepherds. ) (Stuttyart

Christ with the Disciples at Emmaus. ) Gallery.)

The Madonna di Foliguo ; after Raphael (in. the Church
at Dotternhausen).

Helios with the Hours. ) , . h Landhaus of Rosenstein.)

Luna with Herse. | *

Christ on the Mount of Olives (in the Church of Ravens-
bury), flis last and best work.

a painter and engraver, who flourished in the early
part of the 17th century, was the son of a painter
named HILAEIDS DIETTERLIN, of Strassburg. By
him are known a very scarce plate the ' Ascension
of Christ ' and a Landscape.

TERLEIN,) who was born at Strassburg in 1550, was
the grandfather of Bartholomews Dietterlin. On
the ceilings of the Lusthaus at Stuttgart there are
paintings by him representing the ' Creation,' the
' Fall of Man,' and the ' Last Judgment,' and in the
Belvedere at Vienna is the ' Calling of Matthew.'
He also etched several portraits, and twelve spirited
grotesques, and published a work on Architectural
Design, with 209 engravings. There are 176 ori-
ginal designs by him in the Academy at Dresden.
He died in 1599. Some of his works have the

monogram annexed :

DIETZ, FEODOR, a German historical painter,
born at Neunstetten, near Krautheim, Baden, in
1813, was instructed in the principles of art by
Kuntz at Carlsruhe. After studying in the Academy
at Municli, and at Paris under Horace Vernet and
Alaux, he returned to Germany and there com-
menced his career. In 1839 he became painter
at the court of Baden, in 1862 professor at the
Academy at Carlsruhe, and later on President of
the German Artistic Society. He made several
tours, and died in the course of one in 1870 at
Gray, France. The following are some of his best
paintings :

The Destruction of Heidelberg by Melac (Carlsruhe

The Death of Piccolomini.

The Death of Pappeuheim.

Gustavus Adolphus at Liitzen.

The Night Review of Napoleon.

The Guard of Baden before Paris.

Napoleon at AVagram.

Bliicher crossing the Rhine.

Bliicher at La Rothiere.

Bliicher's March on Paris. 1814. (Berlin Museum.)

The Elector Max Emauuel of Bavaria storming Bel-
grade in 1688 (A'eue finakotnek, Munich).

D1ETZSCH, JOHANN ALBERT, the younger brother
of Johann Christoph Dietzsch, was born in 1720,
and died in 1782. He engraved about twenty
plates of views of Nuremberg and its vicinity,
published in 1760. He also painted battle-pieces,
landscapes, fruit, flowers, and portraits. Some of
his landscapes have been engraved by Prestel.

in water-colours, especially of landscapes, flowers,
and fruit, was born at Nuremberg in 1710. He has
left some plates of landscapes etched in the style


of Waterloo, which, though more finished, are
very inferior to the works of that master in
picturesque simplicity. He died in his native city
in 1769. There are by him the following plates:

Portrait of Correggio.
Portrait of Raphael.

Sixteen Landscapes in the manner of Ruisdael and

DIEU, ANTOINE, a French painter, horn in
Paris about 1661, was a son of Edouard Dieu, an
engraver, who died in Paris in 1703. He was
instructed by Lebrun, and painted historical sub-
jects and portraits in the style of his master, and
not without merit. The ' Duke of Burgundy before
the King," and the ' Marriage of the Duke of Bur-
gundy,' are in the Museum at Versailles, but his
best work is the portrait of ' Louis XIV. on his

Online LibraryMichael BryanBryan's dictionary of painters and engravers (Volume 2) → online text (page 20 of 77)