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talents, that some writers have not hesitated to
affirm that he would have equalled Titian if he had
not died young, an assertion, which, as Lanzi ob-
serves, may be regarded as a hyperbole. There
are many of his works at Castelfranco, Vicenza,
Crema, and particularly at Padua, where, in the
church of San Clemente, is his picture of ' Christ
giving the Keys to St. Peter,' and in the church
of II Santo, his most celebrated work, 'The
Crucifixion, with the Virgin Mary and St. John,' a
picture of extraordinary beauty, and of the most
harmonious colour. In the cloister of the Padri
Serviti, at Vicenza, he painted several pictures of
the Life of St. Philip, the founder of their order.
The style of Damini is vague and elegant, but he
is by no means uniform. He appears to have
frequently changed his manner, in search of greater
perfection ; and his last works are evidently his
hf-st. He had acquired a distinguished reputation
when he fell a victim to the plague in Venice in
1631.

DAMINI, VINCENZO, was an excellent portrait
painter who resided in London from 1720 to 1730.
He is said to have been a native of Venice and a
pupil of Pellegrini.

DAMIS, AMEDEE GUSTAVE FRANCOIS, a Belgian
painter of flowers and fruit, was born at Bruges in
1811. While still young he went to Paris and
became a pupil of Redoute. He was likewise a
sculptor, and he decorated many of the ecclesias-
tical edifices of Paris. In 1848 he returned to
Bruges, and died there in 1851.

DAMISSEN, LCCAS. See DE HOEY.
DAMOPHILOS, a Greek painter and modeller
in terra-cotta, worked in conjunction with Gorgasos
in the Temple of Ceres at Rome in B.C. 493.
Zeuxis is said to have been his pupil.

DANBY, FRANCIS, who was born near Wexford,
Ireland, in 1793, learned the first principles of his
art under a landscape painter named O'Connor, in
Dublin, where his first picture, a landscape view
called ' Evening,' was exhibited in 1812. In the
following year, master and pupil, accompanied by
George Petrie, set off together to seek their fortunes
in London, but their funds becoming exhausted
before they reached the metropolis, they stopped
at Bristol. Here Danby managed to sell some
drawings, and with the proceeds paid O'Connor's



expenses to Dublin, but he himself remained in
Bristol, and for a few years supported himself by
giving lessons in water-colour painting, now and
then sending a picture to the Royal Academy. In
1825 his ' Delivery of Israel out of Egypt ' gained
him the Associateship of the Academy, and he then
went to live in London. In 1830, a quarrel with
that body drove him from England, and for the
next eleven years he lived in Switzerland, giving
ip his time to boat-building, yachting, and the
painting of unimportant pictures on commission.
Two works only appeared at the annual London
Exhibitions during this long interval, the ' Golden
Age ' and ' Rich and Rare were the Gems she wore.'
In 1841 he returned to England, took up his
residence at Lewisham, and began painting large
subjects for exhibition at the British Institution and
the Royal Academy with all his old enthusiasm.
He died in 1861 at Exmouth, where he had resided
since 1847. The following are some of his best
works :

The Upas, or Poison-tree of Java (at South Kensington).
Disappointed Love. Sunset at Sea after a Storm.
The Delivery of Israel out of Egypt (Stafford House).
The Opening of the Sixth Seal. The Golden Age.
Rich and Rare were the Gems she wore. The Fisher-
man's Home, Sunrise, 1846 (National Gallery). The
Evening Gun.

DANBY, JAMES FRANCIS, an English landscape
painter, the son of Francis Danby, A.R.A., was
born at Bristol in 1816. His works appeared at
the Royal Academy, and at the Society of British
Artists, of which latter he was a member. He died
of apoplexy in London in 1875. He excelled in
depicting sunrise and sunset. Amongst his best
works are :

Loch Lomond. Dover, from the Canterbury Road,
1849. Dumbarton Rock, 1854. Morning on the
Thames, 1860. Wreck on Exmouth Bar, 1861.
Carrickfergus Castle, 1867. North Shields : Sunrise,
1S69.

DANBY, THOMAS, marine painter, was the son
of Francis Danby, A.R.A., and was born in Ireland,
but spent his early youth chiefly at Bristol, where
his father practised and taught drawing. He first
exhibited in London in 1841, when he sent a small
oil picture, 'The Wreck,' to the British Institution,
and in 1843 he appeared at the Royal Academy
with an illustration of one of Wordsworth's poems.
He was elected an Associate of the Society of
Painters in Water-Colours in 1867, and became a
full member in 1870. He died March 25, 1886.
DANCE, NATHANIEL. See HOLLAND.
DANCKERTS, DANCKERT, the son of Cornell's
Danckerts de Ry, was born at Antwerp about the
year 1600. He succeeded his father in his busi-
ness as a printseller, and surpassed him in his
talent as an engraver. His plates are sometimes
only etched, but more frequently finished with the
graver. We have by him a considerable number
of plates after Berchem, Wouwerman, and other
painters. He also engraved some portraits and
other subjects from various masters, among which
are :

Charles II.; Departure of Charles II. for England;
Venus and Cupid, with a Satyr; after Titian.
Hawking, called Het I'inkebaantje. A Stag Hunt,
called De Hartenjagt. Four Landscapes and Figures ;
all after Berchem. Four plates, of Landscapes and
Figures. Six plates, the title having a Shepherd
riding on an Ox and playing on the Flute, and a



A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF



Shepherdess dancing. Four Landscapes ; on the
title print is inscribed, DancTcert Danckerts fee. et
exc. Etchings ; after Wouwerinan.

DANCKERTS, HESDRIK, a son of Justus Danck-
erts, was born at the Hague about the year 1C30.
He was brought up as an engraver, and made copies
of the works of Titian and Pahna, but afterwards
was recommended to study painting, and went to
Italy fur improvement. On his return to Holland
he acquired some reputation as a landscape painter,
and was invited to England by Charles II., who
employed him in painting views of the royal palaces,
and uf the sea-ports of England and Wales. In
the collection of James II. there were twenty-eight
landscapes and views by this master. He died at
Amsterdam about 1678. He engraved a few plates,
as follow :

Charles II. ; after A. Hanneman. View of Amsterdam
and the Y, with Shipping ; in three sheets. Views
of Palaces and Sea-ports in England.

DANCKERTS, JOHANNES, a son of Justus Danck-
erts, resided at Amsterdam about the year 1660.
He painted historical subjects with some skill, and
etched a few plates, among which is one after
Titian, representing ' Venus reclining on a Couch.'

DANCKERTS, JUSTUS, was a Dutch engraver
who worked at Amsterdam. We have the following
plates by him :

William III., Prince of Orange, afterwards King of
England.

Gasimir, King of Poland.

Seven plates of the Gates of Amsterdam.

DANCKERTS DE RY, COBNELIS, a Dutch archi-
tect and engraver, was born at Amsterdam in 1561.
He established himself at Antwerp as a printseller,
where he engraved several plates of portraits and
other subjects, which are not without consider-
able merit. He was still living in 1634. Among
others, we have the following by him :

Gustavus Adolphus, King of Sweden.

Jacob Wassenaer, Lord of Obsdam.

Cornells de Wit, with a battle in the background.

Jean Calvin ; oval.

John Casimir, Count of Nassau.

Four Figures on Horseback, called the Monarchies;

representing Ninus, Cyrus, Alexander, and Caesar,

with emblematical ornaments.
Seven, of the Planets, with Emblems.
The Seven Wonders of the World, with the same.
Twelve, of the Sibyls ; full-length.
Twelve, of Animals and Birds.
Sixteen Views in Holland.
One hundred Subjects from the Old Testament ; four

on each plate.

A set of Views of the Euins of Rome.
Meleager and Atalanta ; an etching ; after It. Picou.

DANCKERTS DE RY, PIETEB, a celebrated por-
trait and genre painter, who is supposed to have
been the son of Cornelis Danckerts de Ry, was
born at Amsterdam in 1605. Several of his paint-
ings have been engraved by W. Hondius. He
went to Sweden, and died at Stockholm in 1659.
There are by him in the Brussels Gallery portraits
of Cornelis Danckerts de Ry and his wife.

DAND1NI, CESARE, was born at Florence about
the year 1595. He was first a scholar of Francesco
Curradi, but afterwards studied under Domenico
Cresti, called Passignano, and Cristofano Allori.
Under these masters he acquired a tolerable cor-
rectness of design, and an agreeable tone of colour-
ing. One of his best works is a picture of St.

8



Charles, with other Saints, in one of the churches at
Ancona. He also painted easel and cabinet pic-
tures, which were admired for their neatness and
finish. He died in 1658.

DANDINI, OTTAVIANO, was the son of Pietro
Dandini, and painted history in the style of his
father. Some fresco paintings in the cloister of
San Spirito, a picture of several Saints in San
Lorenzo, and his works in the church of the Mag-
dalene at Pescia, evince the respectability of his
talent. He afterwards entered the Society of Jesus,
and died about 1750.

DANDINI, PIETRO, the nephew of Vincenzo
Dandini, was born about 1646. Having lost his
father when he was only four years of age, he
was taken under the protection of his uncle, who
instructed him in the principles he had himself
adopted of the style of Cortona. He afterwards
travelled through great part of Italy, and improved
himself by studying the great masters of the
Venetian and Lombard schools. On his return to
Florence he was patronized by the Grand Duke
Cosmo III., for whom he painted many works in
oil and in fresco. It is to be lamented that the
avarice of this artist led him into a slight and neg-
ligent manner of finishing his works ; a habit to
which he was the more easily tempted by the pos-
session of uncommon facility of execution. Lanzi
mentions, as one of his most important works, the
cupola of Santa Maria Maddalena, at Florence. In
the church of Santa Maria Maggiore is a picture
of St. Francis ; and in the church of the Servites
is an altar-piece representing a saint of that order
officiating at the altar. He died in 1712.

DANDINI, VINCENZO, the brother of Cesare
Dandini, was born at Florence in 1607. After re-
ceiving some instruction from his brother, he went
to Rome, where he studied some time under Pietro
da Cortona, whose style he followed. He was an
eminent painter of history, and, according to Or-
landi, was made principal of the Academy at Rome,
on succeeding to which appointment he painted a
large picture which gained him great reputation.
He returned to Florence, where he executed several
works for the churches. In the church of Ognis-
santi is an admired picture of 'The Conception.'
He was employed in the palaces of the Grand-
Duke ; in one of which he painted a ceiling, repre-
senting 'Aurora with the Hours,' much in the style
of Pietro da Cortona. He died at Florence in 1675.

DANDRE-BARDON, MICHEL FRANCOIS. See
ANDRE- BARDON.

DANDRIDGE, BARTHOLOMEW, a portrait painter,
was born in the early part of the 18th century. He
obtained a considerable practice in the reign of
George II., but died young, soon after the middle
of the century. His portrait of Hook, the his-
torian, is in the National Portrait Gallery.

DANDRILLON, PIERRE CHARLES, a French land-
scape painter, was born in Paris in 1757. He was
a pujjil of De Machy, and in 1807 became professor
of perspective in the Ecole des Beaux-Arts. He
died in Paris in 1812.

DANEDI, GIOSEFFO, or GIUSEPPE, called MONT-
ALTO, was the younger brother of Stefano Danedi,
and was born at Treviglio in 1618. When young
he went to Bologna, where he entered the school
of Guido Reni. On leaving that master he settled
at Turin, where he executed some works for the
public edifices. Towards the latter part of his life
he joined his brother at Milan, where he was much
employed. In the church of San Sebastiano is a



PAINTERS AND ENGRAVERS.



fine picture by this master of ' The Massacre of the
Innocents,' and in the Dresden Gallery is one of
' St. Anthony of Padua caressing the Infant Jesus.'
He died in 1688.

DANBDI, STEFANO, called MONTALTO, was born
at Treviglio, in the Milanese, in 1608, and was a
scholar of Cavaliere Morazzone. During a long
residence at Milan, he painted a great number of
pictures for the churches of that city, and in the
State. One of his best works is ' The Martyrdom
of St. Justina,' in Santa Maria in Pedone. He
died at Milan 1689.

DANET, JEAN. See DDVET.

DANHAUER, , (or DONADER,) a German minia-
ture painter, was a native of Swabia. He was the
son of a watchmaker, and was brought up to his
father's trade ; he afterwards went to Italy and
studied painting under S. Bombelli, but this art
he in turn abandoned for that of sculpture. He
resided for many years in Russia, and died at St.
Petersburg in 1733.

DANHAUSEK, JOSEPH, born at Vienna in 1805,
followed the principles of Peter Kraffit. He visited
Venice, and after his return painted genre pieces,
which he executed in a pleasing and popular man-
ner. From 1838 to 1844 he was corrector at the
Academy at Vienna, where he died in 1845. Among
his works the following are worthy of mention :

The Rioter.

Franz Liszt at the Piano.

The Little Virtuoso.

The Oculist.

The Reasoner in the Public-house.

DANIELE, BATTISTA DA SAN. See SAN DANIELE.

DANIELE, IL CAVALIERE. See SYDEB.

DANIELE, PELLEGRINO DA SAN. See SAN
DANIELE.

DANIELL, ABRAHAM, a miniature painter, was
a native of Bath. He possessed considerableability,
and died in 1803.

DANIELL, EDWARD THOMAS, was born in London
in 1804, but was bred at Norwich, learned drawing
at the Grammar School there under Crome, and
became one of the most original and interesting
artists of the so-called Norwich school. In 1823 he
entered Balliol College, Oxford, and after leaving
the University spent some years in travelling.
His etchings of English landscape executed during
this period are full of the true etching spirit, with
h'ne qualities of light and shadow, among the best
being his ' Burough Bridge.' With Crome and
Cotman, Wilkie and Geddes, he may claim the
honour of anticipating the modern revival of
etching associated with the names of Whistler
and Seymour Haden. In London he was on terms
of intimate friendship with Linnell, Turner, David
Roberts, Dyce, and Stanfield. In 1840-41, fired
by Roberts' sketches, Daniel 1 travelled in Greece,
Egypt, and Syria. At Smyrna he joined the
expedition sent by the Government to bring home
the antiquities discovered by Sir Charles Fellowes
at Xanthus. Remaining with two other members
of the party, he made a thorough survey of Asia
Minor, and brought home a series of sixty-four
water-colour drawings, now in the British Museum.
Two of his landscapes in oil are in the gallery of
the Norwich Museum. In 1842 he rashly under-
took a solitary expedition into Pisidia at the hottest
season of the year, and falling ill at Adalia, died
there on Sept. 23, at the age of thirty-eight. If. H.

DANIELL, JAMES, a mezzotint engraver, flour-
ished in England towards the close of the 18th and



the beginning of the 19th century. The following
works are by him :

Nelson at the Battle of Cape St. Vincent; after Sin-
gleton.

The Death of Captain Alexander Hood ; after Singleton.
The Capture of Admiral Winter ; after Singleton.
Samuel and Eli ; after Copley.

DANIELL, SAMUEL, a landscape painter, the
brother of William, and the nephew of Thomas
Daniell, was born in 1775. He studied under
Medland, and first exhibited at the Royal Academy
in 1792. He passed several years in Africa, return-
ing to England in 1804. About a year after, he
went to Ceylon, where he died in 1811. He made
numerous drawings of tropical scenery, and pub-
lished works on ' African Scenery and Animals,'
1804-5, and 'The Scenery, Animals, and Native
Inhabitants of Ceylon,' 1808. At the South Ken-
sington Museum is a water-colour drawing by him :
' Deer and Birds in a Tropical Landscape.'

DANIELL, THOMAS, was born at Kingston-upon-
Thames in 1749, and commenced his artistic career
as a painter of English landscape scenery, with
some attempts at poetical composition. In 1784
he went to India with his nephew, William Daniell ;
they were absent about ten years, gathering ma-
terials for their great work on ' Oriental Scenery,'
which was published between the years 1795 and
1815, in six volumes, the whole of which, with the
exception of the volume of ' Excavations,' was
executed by William. He seldom painted any but
Indian subjects. In 1796 he was elected an As-
sociate of the Royal Academy, and in 1799 an
Academician. He died in London in 1840. The
works of William Daniell are so blended with
those of his uncle Thomas, that they may be con-
sidered, artistically, as one, though some give the
preference to the latter.

DANIELL, WILLIAM, a landscape painter, was
born in 1769. In 1784 he went to India with his
uncle, Thomas Daniell, and assisted him in his
drawings and sketches; he also engraved the views
for the greater part of their ' Oriental Scenery.'
He first exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1795,
and entered the Academy Schools in 1799. He
was elected an Associate in 1807, and an Aca-
demician in 1822. The British Institution awarded
him a prize of 100 in 1826 for his ' Battle of
Trafalgar.' In his later years he painted several
panoramic views of India. He died in London in
1837. Amongst the works which he published are :

A Picturesque Voyage to India. 1810.

Animated Nature. 1809.

Views of London. 1812.

Views of Windsor Castle, Eton, and Virginia Water.

A Voyage round Great Britain. 1814-25.

Illustrations of the Island of Stafta. 1818.

The Oriental Annual. 1834-39.

Mention should also be made of the following
pictures by him :

View of the Long Walk, Windsor (Royal Collection).
Castel Nuovo (South Kensington Mvseum).
Durham Cathedral. 1805. (tiouth Kensington Museum.)
Benares (South Kensington Museum).

DANIELS, WILLIAM, painter, born about 1812,
was the son of a brickmaker at Liverpool. He
studied drawing at the Liverpool Institution, and
was then apprenticed to an engraver on wood.
At the close of his apprenticeship he set up
as a painter in his native town, and might have
risen to eminence in his art but for his fondness
for drink and for jovial company. He died in

9



A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF



Liverpool, October 13, 1880. There are fiv
portraits by him at South Kensington, among
them those of George Stephenson, and Charle
Kean as Hamlet. See ' Magazine of Art' Jun
1882.

DANIELSKI, JAN NEPOMUCEN, a Polish painte
of portraits in oil and in miniature, was a native o
Cracow. He was a pupil of Dominik Estreicher
and also painted some frescoes. He died at Cracov
in 1844.

DANKERTS. See DANCKERTS.
DANKS, FRANS, surnamed 'the Tortoise,'
born about 1650 at Amsterdam, where he died in
1703. He painted historical subjects and portraits
and showed considerable talent in modelling ant
sculpture.

DANLOUX, HENRI PIERRE, a French painter
born in Paris in 1753, was a pupil of J. B. Lepicie
and of Vien. On the outbreak of the French
Revolution he came to England and remained here
for ten years, gaining a high reputation for his
portraits, many of which were in chalk. Th
Fitzwilliam Museum at Cambridge has by him th
portrait of Louis XVIII. After his return to
France, he exhibited at the Salon of 1802 ' Le
Supplice d'une Vestale,' a picture which met wit
much praise. His best work is a full-length por-
trait of the Abbe Delille, now at Versailles
Danloux died in Paris in 1809.
DANNECKER (or DANNEKER). SeeDENECKER.
DANNOOT, PIETER, was a Flemish engraver,
who flourished about the year 1690. He engraved
a plate representing the ' Head of Christ crownec
with Thorns,' after Rubens, and a ' Portrait of Pere
Mastrille.'

DANTAN, JOSEPH EDWARD, French painter, son
of the sculptor Jean Pierre Dantan, and nephew of
the sculptor Antoine Laurent Dantan, born in Paris,
August 20, 1848. Became pupil of Pilo for historical,
and of Henri Lehmann for portrait painting.
His first picture exhibited at the Salon of 1869
was entitled 'An Episode in the Destruction of
Pompeii.' He executed a great picture of 'The
Holy Trinity' for the Bezin chapel at Marnes.
He was decorated with the Legion of Honour in
1880, and was killed in a carriage accident near
Trouville in 1897.

DANTE, GIROLAMO, called GIROLAMO DI TIZIANO
(from having been a scholar of Titian and an
assistant to him in some of his less important
works), flourished at Venice from 1550 to 1580.
It is said that in copying the originals of his
master, he attained so high a degree of excellence,
that such of his pieces as were retouched by Titian
bid defiance often to the judgment of the most
expert connoisseurs. He also produced works of
his own design ; the altar-piece attributed to him
at San Giovanni Nuovo, representing ' SS. Cosmo
and Damianus,' reflects credit on the school to
which he belonged.

DANTI, GIROLAMO, the younger brother of Vin-
cenzio and Ignazio Danti, was born at Perugia in
1547. He painted frescoes in the style of Vasari,
and gave promise of becoming a great painter
when his career was prematurely terminated by
his death at Perugia in 1580.

DANTI, IGNAZIO, Bishop of Alatri, whose secu-
lar name was PELLEGRINO, a Dominican monk and
cosmographer, was born st Perugia in 1536. He
was a brother of Vincenzio Danti, the sculptor,
and was instructed by his father, Giulio Danti, a
goldsmith, and his aunt Teodora. At Florence he
10



painted the ' Tables of Ptolemy,' in 57 oil-pictures,
and also produced a number of maps. Subsequently
he was employed by Pope Gregory XIII. to de-
corate the walls of the Vatican with geographiml
delineations of ancient and modern Italy. The
Pope having determined to complete the continu-
ation of the Gallery of Raphael in conformity with
the original plan, and to paint four subjects in every
arcade of the gallery, all from the New Testament,
Danti was employed by him to superintend the
work ; the entire abandonment of a design to the
direction of practical artists being found by experi-
ence to be injurious to its execution, owing to
the choice of their inferior assistants being liable
to be governed by influence, avarice, or jealousy.
The selection, therefore, was reserved to Danti,
who, to an excellent practical knowledge of the
art of design, united moral qualities that ensured
success ; and under his direction the whole work
was regulated and conducted in such a manner
that the spirit of Raphael seemed to be resuscitated
in the precincts of the Vatican. He was conse-
crated Bishop of Alatri in 1583, and died at Rome
in 1586.

DANTI, TEODORA, the aunt of Vincenzio and
Ignazio Danti, is mentioned in the ' Vite de' Pittori
Perugini,' by Lione Pascoli, who states that she
was born at Perugia in 1498. She painted small
pictures, in imitation of the style of Pietro Peru-
gino, and died in 1573.

DANTI, VINCENZIO, an Italian sculptor, architect,
and poet, was born at Perugia in 1530. In 1555
he cast in bronze the statue of Pope Julius III.,
which is still to be seen at Perugia, and is con-
sidered to be his masterpiece. He afterwards
went to Florence, where he was employed by
the Grand-Duke Cosmo, and made many designs
for the Escorial which were sent to Spain. He
also painted historical subjects, which are but
seldom mentioned, and died in 1576.

DANUS, MIGUEL, a Spanish historical painter,
who flourished about 1700, was a native of Ma-
jorca. He studied first at Valencia, and afterwards
in Italy in the school of Carlo Maratti. After an
absence of several years he returned to his own
country, where he painted, in the manner of his
master, the pictures in the cloisters of the convent
)f the Socorro at Palma ; and others which are to
se found in private collections in the island of
Majorca.

DANVIN, VICTOR MARIE FELIX, a French
andscape painter, was born in Paris in 1802.
:Ie studied successively under Lethiere, Guerin,
iVatelet, and Remond, and died in Paris in 1842.
3is wife, whose maiden name was CONSTANCE
AMELIE LAMBERT, was born at Lille in 1810, and
Iso painted landscapes.

DANZEL, JACQUES CLAUDE, a French engraver,
vas born at Abbeville in 1735. He was a pupil of
-Seauvarlet, and engraved several plates in a firm,
eat style. He died at Abbeville in 1809. We
ave by him the following prints :
An old Man, half-leDgth ; after Rembrandt.
Coresus sacrificing himself for love of Callirrhoe ; after

Fragonard ; his chef-dYeuvrr.



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