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works is an excellent plate after Benjamin West's
' Death of General Wolfe.'

FALCKENBURG, FRIEDRIOH VON, a German
landscape and historical painter, etched a few por-
traits, and other subjects, in a slight, scratchy style ;
they are marked F. V.F. He lived at Nuremberg,
and died in 1623.

FALCO, AGNOLO. The name of this artist is
affixed to a rude, coarse etching, representing a
landscape, into which is introduced the story of
Apollo and Daphne. Though it is incorrectly drawn
and very indifferently executed, it appears to have
been the work of a painter, and is from his own
design.

FALCO, JUAN CONCHILLOS. See CONCHILLOS
FALCO.

FALCONE, ANIELLO, called L'ORACOLO DELLE
BATTAQLIE, was born at Naples in 1600, and was
a scholar of Giuseppe Ribera, called Spagnoletto.
He spent some years in France, where may still be
met with several of his paintings, which are rare
and highly valued. He distinguished himself as
a painter of battles and skirmishes of cavalry,
which he composed and designed with great fire
and animation. He was equally correct in the
drawing of his figures and horses, and their various
movements are expressed with the most character-
istic propriety. His touch is bold and free, and
his colouring vigorous and effective. He was
not less successful in his easel pictures than in
those of a larger size ; and his best works were
VOL. n. L



esteemed little inferior to the admirable productions
of Borgognone. Aniello Falcone was the founder
of a large school in his native city, and was one of
the masters of Salvator Rosa. He died at Naples
in 1665. Among his paintings are the following:

Madrid. Gallery. A Fight between Romans and Bar-
barians.

A Fight between Turkish and Chris-

tian Cavalry. 1631.
Paris. Louvre. A Fight between TurksandCbristians.

Falcone was also an etcher, and there are by him
twenty prints, in which he shows lively imagina-
tion and bold and intelligent design ; they some-
what resemble the works of Parmigiano, and are
executed with a light and spirited point. Among
his etchings may be mentioned :

A battle between naked Men on foot and on horseback.

1618.

Apollo and Marsyas ; after Parmeggiano.
Four plates of Apostles : James the Less, James the

Greater, John the Evangelist, and Matthew.
A young "Woman sleeping and suckling a Child.
The Adoration of the Magi ; after Raphael.

FALCONET, PIERRE ETIENNE, was the son of
the eminent sculptor, Etienne Maurice Falconet,
who executed the equestrian statue of Peter the
Great at St. Petersburg. He was born in Paris in
1741, and about 1766 came to London, where
he became a member of the Incorporated Society
of Artists, and painted a great number of portraits
until 1773, about which time he returned to Paris,
where he died in 1791. Among his works may be
mentioned the portraits of twelve of the foremost
artists in London, the decorations in the Chinese
Temple at the seat of the Baroness De Grey in
Bedfordshire, and several extravagant historical
pieces. Earlom and others have engraved some of
Ids works.

FALCONETTO, GIOVANNI ANTONIO, was born
at Verona in the 15th century. He was instructed
by his father, Jacopo Falconetto, and excelled in
painting animals and fruit. Many of his works are
in Verona and its environs. He died at Roveredo.

FALCONETTO, GIOVANNI MARIA, the brother
of Giovanni Antonio Falconetto, born in 1458
at Verona, was both a painter and an architect, and
seems to have devoted himself more during his
long life to the latter profession than to the
former. He learned the elements of painting from
his father, Jacopo Falconetto, and is said to have
spent twelve years of his early life in Rome, measur-
ing and studying the ancient edifices of that city.
He was a follower of Liberale and an imitator of
Melozzo da Forli, and he painted largely in the
churches of Verona. In 1493 he decorated, in
monochrome, the cupola of the chapel of San
Biagio in SS. Nazzaro e Celso, and displayed a
profound knowledge of perspective effect in his
arrangement of its various subjects. His finest
works are the religious allegories which he executed
from 1509 to 1516, in the church of San Pietro
Martire at Verona. Of his panel pictures there
remain a ' Virgin and Child, between SS.
Augustine and Joseph," painted in 1523, at San
Giuseppe, Verona; an 'Annunciation,' above the
altar of the Emilii Chapel in San Zeno, Verona ;
an ' Augustus and the Sibyl,' in the Museum of
that city ; and an ' Assumption of the Virgin,' in
the Berlin Gallery. The latter years of his life
were devoted to architecture, and his death occurred
at Padua in 1534.

145



A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF



FALDA, GIOVANNI BATTISTA, an Italian archi-
tect and etcher, was born at Valduggia, in the
Milanese, in 1648. It is not said by whom he was
instructed ; but his style bears a great resemblance
to that of Israel Silvestre. He was at Rome from
1669 to 1691, and there are by him several designs
and engravings of the churches, gardens, fountains,
and public buildings of that city, distinguished for
their good perspective, and embellished with figures
neatly drawn. The date of his death is not known.
The following are among his best works:

Two Views of the Piazza Navona.

Two Views in Rome ; the Basilica of St. Peter's, and the

Fountain of St. Peter's.

A large plate of St. Peter's, and the Buildings round it.
A View of the Interior of St. Peter's, on the occasion of

the Canonization of St. Francis of Sales.
A View of the Castle of St. Angelo ; after Bernini.
The Fountains of Rome ; 31 plates.
The Gardens of Rome ; 19 plates.

FALDONI, ANTONIO, an Italian painter and
engraver, born at Ascoli, in the Marca di Trevisano,
about the year 1687, first studied landscape paint-
ing under Antonio Luciano ; but his pictures are
little known. lie afterwards applied himself to
engraving, and imitated first the style of Gilles
Sadeler, and afterwards that of Mellan, in which
he was very successful ; and several of his prints
are deservedly admired. He engraved a set of
portraits of the Doges of Venice, and the Pro-
curators of St. Mark ; besides which, there are the
following prints by him :

POETEAITS.

Marco Ricci, painter ; after Rosalia Carriera.
Antonio Maria Zanetti, engraver ; after the same.
Luca Carlevariis, painter and engraver.
Sebastiano Ricci, painter.

SUBJECTS AFTER VARIOUS MASTERS.
A Holy Family, with Angels ; after Selastiano Ricci.
The Conception ; after the same.
The Nativity ; after Pietro da Curtona.
David playing on the harp before Saul ; after G. Ca-

merata,

David flying from the wrath of Saul ; after the same.
Part of the Drawings by Parmigiano for the collection

published by Zanetti.

FALENS, CHARLES VAN. See VALENS.

FALERI, DOMENICO, was a painter of the school of
Siena, where he was born in 1595. In the church
of the Hospital of Monagnese in Siena is a picture
of the ' Nativity,' and other pictures are in a Bene-
dictine priory in the neighbourhood. He died in

FALERO, Luis, born in Toledo in 1851, was
originally in the Spanish navy. He studied in
Paris, and ultimately came over to London, where
he died in 1896. He was well versed in astronomy,
on which subject he executed several allegorical
pictures, the most important being 'The Marri-
age of a Comet,' ' Double Stars,' ' Le Conchemar,'
'The Dream of Faust,' and 'Unto a Better

World.'

FALGANI,GASPARE,anItalianlandscape painter,

was born at Florence in the beginning of the 17th
century. He was a pupil of Valerio Marucelli,
and devoted himself entirely to landscape painting,
of which specimens are to be found in various
Italian galleries.

FALIZE, LUCIEN, celebrated French artist and
goldsmith. Born in 1838, he was sent to England
to be educated, where, as a boy, his talent attracted
the notice of Sir John Bennett. He subsequently

146



became a partner of M. Bapst, the Crown Jeweller
of the Empire, whom he succeeded as official gold-
smith to the French government, and his work
earned for him a world-wide reputation. His
work is characterized by intense refinement, sim-
plicity and purity of form. He exerted a genuine
influence, both through his writings and through
the artists with whom he collaborated, amongst
whom we may mention Merson, Roty, Grand-
homme, Gall6 and Barrias. He was trained by
his father, an accomplished chaser, and influenced
by such masters as Moret-Ladessil and De'sire^
Attorge. He travelled much, studying antique
art throughout Italy, and frequently visited
England, where he knew the treasures of the South
Kensington and British Museums by heart. His
papers on ' Enamelling ' in the ' Gazette des Beaux
Arts' will remain admirable essays on the subject
of the goldsmith's craft. As a member of the
Central Union for Decorative Art he struggled
energetically to reanimate it and infuse new ideas;
and in 1879 succeeded in obtaining regular techno-
logical exhibitions, which were most successful.
He attentively watched the development of modern
English art, admiring the revival of decorative
work here, and he never missed an exhibition of
Arts and Crafts in London. Amongst his best-
known creations is the magnificent toilet-set made
for the Princess Letitia Bonaparte on the occasion
of her marriage, where he has cleverly introduced
certain features, such as the Imperial Eagle, in a
design of Louis XV. style, which it would have
seemed almost impossible to have assimilated
successfully. His bust of 'Gallia' in ivory and
gold, set with topazes, is in the Luxembourg.
The ' Sassanide Vase,' the ' Urania Clock,' the
bas-reliefs of Marguerite de Foix and Anne de
Bretagne, and above all his gold cup, now in
the Muse'e des Arts Decoratifs, adhere to the
classical traditions of the early masters of the 17th
century. The latter work, worthy of Benvenuto
Cellini at his best, was one of his last creations,
though the last official work his skilful hands
accomplished was an olive branch in beaten gold,
which was laid on the tomb of the Emperor
Alexander III. of Russia, by the President of the
French Republic. He left a large number of
sketches for jewels, diadems and medallions, drawn
with-consummate knowledge, to his son and pupil,
Andr Falize. He died from an attack of apoplexy
in the latter part of 1897.

FALLARO, JACOPO, an Italian painter of the
16th century, was a contemporary with Titian.
According to Vasari, there is in the church of the
Jesuits at Venice, on the door of the organ, a paint-
ing by this artist of ' Giovanni Colombini receiving
from the Pope the cloak of the Order.'

FALOCCO, NICCOLO, a painter and native of
Ortina, who flourished about 1740, was instructed
by Francesco Solimena, whose works he copied
with great success.

FALOT, NICOLAS, a French historical painter,
flourished between the years 1576 and 1627. The
dates of his, birth and death are unknown.

FALQU1ERE, JEAN ALEXANDRE JOSEPH, famous
French sculptor, was born at Toulouse on September
7, 1831. He was a pupil of Jouffroy, and won the
" prix de Rome " in 1859. One of his earliest suc-
cesses was ' Le Vainqueur au combat des Coqs,' now
in the Luxembourg. Among his most notable works
are, ' Tarcisius, the Martyr,' ' Ophelia,' ' Pierre Cor-
neille' (a marble statue for the Theatre-Frangais),



PAINTERS AND ENGRAVERS.



'Lamartine,' 'Diana,' 'Gambetta,' the 'Woman
with a Peacock,' 'A Dancing Girl,' 'Balzac,' the
artist being commissioned to execute this last-
named work after the rejection by the Socie'te' des
gens de Lettres of Rodin's statue. Falquiere also
completed an important statue (for Washington)
of Lafayette ; and it was his imprudence in deter-
mining to assist at the public unveiling at Nimes of
his statue of Alphonse Daudet, when already ail-
ing, that brought his malady to a fatal conclusion.
Falquiere had also won some distinction as a
painter, gaining a medal at the Salon in 1875, his
' Wrestlers ' and ' Cain and Abel ' receiving special
regard. In 1870 he was decorated with the Legion
of Honour, being promoted to the rank of officer
in 1878, at the close of the Universal Exhibition,
and Commander in 1889. He was appointed pro-
fessor at the School of Fine Arts in 1882, being
elected a member of the Academy of Fine Arts in
the November of that year in succession to his
master, Jouffroy. His death occurred, as the
immediate result of a serious operation, on April
19, 1900.

FALZAGALLONI. See FERRARA, STEFANO DA.

FANCELLI, PIETKO, was born at Bologna in
1764, and painted in oil and tempera in the Vene-
tian style for churches and castles, as well as
scenes for theatres. He died in 1850.

FANO, BAKTOLOMMEO and POMPEO DA, father and
son, who were both painters, flourished at Fano about
the year 1530. According to Lanzi, they painted in
conjunction for the church of San Michele, in that
city, a picture of the ; Raising of Lazarus,' dated
1534, on which he remarks that it is surprising
to observe how little they had attended to the
reformation and improvement which had almost
generally been adopted by other artists of their
time. It is painted in the Gothic style of the
middle of the preceding century. Pompeo, how-
ever, after the death of his father, attempted the
more modern taste, and painted some pictures
which gained for him considerable reputation.
Pompeo da Fano was the first instructor of Taddeo
Zucchero.

FANOLI, MICHELE, an Italian lithographer and
engraver, who was born at Cittadella about 1807,
studied in the Venice Academy, and under Cicog-
nara. He spent many years in Paris, whence in
1860 he was recalled by the Italian government to
found a school of lithography at Milan, which he
directed till his death in that city in 1876. He
died poor, leaving a collection of sketches to the
Venice Academy. Amongst his reproductions are :

Orpheus; after Jalalert. TheHolyWomenattheTomb;
Our Lord and SS. Peter and John; after LandeUe.

FANSAGA, COSIMO, (or FANZAGA,) a painter,
sculptor, and architect, was born at Bergamo in
1591, and was a scholar of Pietro Bernini at Rome.
Most of his works were executed at Naples, where
he erected a number of edifices, and in some in-
stances decorated them with statues and pictures
of his own production. He died in 1678.

FANSHAWE, CATHARINE MARIA, an amateur
etcher, was born in London about 1775, and died
about 1834. She etched a few historical and figure
subjects with considerable ability.

FANTETTI, CESARE, a designer and etcher,
was born at Florence about the year 1660. He
resided chiefly at Rome, where he engraved several
plates, after his own designs and those of other
masters. Conjointly with Pietro Aquila, he en-
graved the plates from the paintings by Raphael
L 2



in the Vatican, called Raphael's Bible, thirty-seven
of the series being executed by Fantetti, and the
remainder by Aquila. He also engraved the fol-
lowing prints :

Agrippina with the Ashes of her Husband ; after Franc.

Rosa.

Christ praying in the Garden ; after L. Carracci.
A Charity, with three Children ; after Annibale

Carracci.

Latona insulted by Niobe ; after the same.
Flora surrounded by Cupids ; after Ciro Ferri.
The Death of St. Anne ; after Andrea Sacchi.
Some Friezes, and other subjects, from various Italian

masters.

FANTI, ERCOLE GAETANO, born at Bologna in
1687, was a pupil of M. A. Chiarini. He first
painted in Italy stage decorations, but afterwards
went to Vienna, where he was made Superintendent
of the Liechtenstein Gallery. He died at Vienna
in 1759.

FANTI, VINCENZO, the son of Ercole Gaetano
Fanti, studied first under Altomonte, and then went
to Rome and Turin, and eventually in 1744 to
Vienna, where he succeeded his father as Super-
intendent of the Liechtenstein Gallery. The dates
of his birth and death are not known. His portrait
is in the Uffizi, Florence.

FANTONE, FRANCESCA, a painter of the Bolog-
nese School, who flourished in 1760, was the niece
and pupil of.Gian Gioseffo dal Sole, but she after-
wards studied under Cavazzoni. She died about
1772.

FANTUZZI, ANTONIO. See TRENTO, ANTONIO DA.

FANZAGA, COSIMO. See FANSAGA.

FANZONE, FERRAD, (or FAENZONE,) was born at
Faenza in 1562, and, according to the Abbate Titi,
studied at Rome under the Cavaliere Vanni, where
he painted several frescoes in San Giovanni in
Laterano, the Scala Santa, and the church of
Santa Maria Maggiore. There are, however, some
pictures at Ravenna, particularly a 'Deposition
from the Cross,' in the church of the Dominicans,
and a ' Probatica,' at the Confraternita di San Gio-
vanni, which partake so much of the fine style of
Lodovico Carracci, that Fanzone has been supposed
to have been educated in his academy. His de-
sign is grand and correct, with great amenity in
his colouring, and a fine impasto. He died in 1645.

FA PRESTO. See GIORDANO, LUCA.

FARELLI, GIACOMO, a Neapolitan painter, was
born in 1624, and brought up under Andrea Vac-
caro, whose style he at first followed, but he after-
wards imitated with more success that of Guido.
He died in 1706. Of his productions there remain
in Santa Maria Maggiore at Naples, ' The Fall of
the Angels,' and ' The Ascension ' ; others are in
SS. Apostoli and Redenzione dei Cattivi.

FARFUSOLA, BARTOLOMMEO, a painter born at
Verona, flourished in the year 1640. He has left
several pictures in the churches of Verona, among
others a ' St. Ursula ' in the church dedicated to
that saint.

FARGUE. See LA FARGOE.

FARINA, PIER FRANCESCO, an Italian painter
who lived in the latter half of the 17th century,
and was employed in decorating the palace of
Carlsruhe and several churches of Bologna.

FARINATI, GIOVANNI BATTISTA, called by
Vasari BATTISTA DA VERONA, and .by others in
error BATTISTA ZELOTTI and BATTISTA FONTANA,
was born at Verona in 1532, and is said to have
been instructed by Paolo, his uncle, or, according
to others, by Antonio Badile. He was the fellow-

147



A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF



Btudent and friend of Paolo Veronese, with whom
he co-operated in several important works in the
public edifices at Venice, as well as in the Villa
Soranza at Castelf ranco. He is numbered by Vasari
among the disciples of Titian. His picture of the
' Holy Family,' in the Lochis-Carrara Gallery at
Bergamo, is painted entirely in the style of that
master, and it is to his studies in that school that he
was indebted for the warmth and harmony of his
colouring. His style is marked by its grandeur,
though inferior in grace to that of Paolo Veronese.
As a fresco-painter he possessed especial ability.
He died in 1592. The following paintings are by
him:

Venice. Falatzo Stale. The Virtues and Study.
Vicenza. Monte d. Pieta. The Decoration of the Fagade.

Cathedral. The Conversion of St. Paul.

The Miraculous Draught of

Fishes.

FARINATI, ORAZIO, the son and disciple of
Paolo Farinati, was an historical painter and
etcher who was living at Verona in 1607. During
his short career he gave proof of uncommon
ability, and promised to reach an elevated rank
among the artists of his country, when he died
in the prime of life. He etched a few plates
from the designs of his father, which are fre-
quently confounded with those of the latter. There
exist the following paintings by him :

Verona. S. Paolo. The Descent from the Cross

(a copy after his father}.
S. Maria del ). T _ i/jr,*

Paradito. j St. James. 1607.

Pope Gregory. 1607.

S. Stefano. Descent of the Holy Ghost

(considered his best work).

Both father and son signed their paintings with
a snail, and their prints, in addition to the snail,
with their initials or full names.

Orazio Farinati's best plates are :

The Descent from the Cross ; after Paolo Faritiati.

1593.
The Finding of the Cross, with St. Francis and other

figures ; after the same.
The Destruction of Pharaoh's Host; after the same.

1599.
The Holy Family, with St. John.

FARINATI, PAOLO, of the family of the Uberti,
was born at Verona in 1522. He was a pupil of
Niccol6 Giolfino and A. Badile, but studied also
the works of Pannigiano, and soon surpassed his
instructors. To judge from the large style of his
design, it would be thought that he had been
brought up in the school of Giulio Romano ; and
it is certain that he studied for some time at Mantua
the works of that master. His death occurred in
1606. Among his works there are :



Berlin. Gallery.

Bordeaux. Museum.

Mantua. Cathedral.

Minima. Estense Gall.

Petersburg. Hermitage.



Venice. SS.0 .

Verona. <S. Giorgio.

S. M. in Organo.



148



A Presentation in the Temple.
Venus seated, and two Loves.
St. Martin.
Angels playing a Trumpet

(water-colour').
. Adoration of the Magi.
Presentation in the Temple.
^ Four Evangelist ,

The Multiplication of the

Loaves (painted in his 7Sth

year).

The Murder of the Innocents.
The Fjnperor Constantino or-

dering a number of Children

to be murdered.
Christ walking on the Sea.



Verona. S. 31. in Organo. St. Gregory feeding the Poor.

S. Giovanni in Fonts. The Baptism of Christ.

Gallery. Christ before the People.

SS. Nazzaro e Celso. Frescoes.
Vienna. Gallery. A Heathen Sacrifice.

There are several etchings by Paolo Farinati
executed in a free, bold, and masterly style. Like
his paintings he frequently marked them
with the accompanying device of a snail ;
but he sometimes signed them with his name, or
with the initials P. F. or P. V. F. The following
are from his own designs :

St John. 1567.

St. Jerome kneeling, leaning on a Bank.

Mary Magdalen seated, with a Book and a Crucifix.

The Virgin, with the Infant Jesus and St. John.

Angels holding the Instruments of the Passion.

Venus and Cupid. 1566.

A Charity, with three Children.

Venus and Cupid at the Forge of Vulcan.

FARINGTON, GEORGE, a painter of historical
subjects, was born in 1754 at Warrington, of which
place his father was rector. He was educated
under West, and in 1780 obtained the gold medal
at the Royal Academy for his ' Macbeth.' This
promising artist afterwards went to the East
Indies, where he would undoubtedly have acquired
both fame and fortune, had he not died in the
prime of life in 1788.

FARINGTON, JOSEPH, a landscape painter, the
elder brother of George Farington, was born in
1747 at Leigh, in Lancashire. He was a scholar
of Richard Wilson, and from 1778 to 1813 he
exhibited constantly at the Royal Academy, where
he was elected an Associate in 1783, and an
Academician in 1785. He was also a member of
the Incorporated Society of Artists. His works
are chiefly views of the scenery of Westmoreland
and Cumberland, which have been engraved by
Byrne, Pouncey, Medland, and others. In 1794
he published seventy-six views of the river Thames.
He died in 1821. The South Kensington Museum
possesses two water-colour drawings by him.

FARJAT, BENO!T, a French engraver, was born
at Lyons in 1646. He was taught the elements
of the art by Guillaume Chasteau, whose manner
he at first adopted ; but he afterwards went to
Rome, and acquired a greater command of the
graver, and a better style of design, though he
is not always correct. He died in Rome about
1720. There are by him some portraits, and
various subjects from the Italian masters ; the
following are the most esteemed:

PORTRAITS.

Cardinal Federigo Coccia ; after L. David.
Cardinal Cornaro ; after the same. 1697.
Cardinal Tommaso Ferrari ; after the same. 1695.

SUBJECTS AFTER VARIOUS MASTERS.
The Holy Family, with St. John ; after Allani.
The Holy Family, with St. John presenting a Cross ;

after Pietro da Cortona.
The Marriage, or, according to others, the Coronation, of

St. Catharine ; after Agostino Carracci.
The Virgin and Infant Jesus, with St. John presenting

some fruit ; after Annibale Carracci.
The Temptation of St. Anthony ; after the samt.
The Communion of St. Jerome ; after Domenichino.
The Death of St. Francis Xavier ; after G. B. Gaulli.
The Marriage of the Virgin ; after C. Maratti.
The Nativity of Christ ; after the same.
The Race of Atalanta ; after P. Locatelli.

FARNBOROUGH, AMELIA LONG, Baroness, who
was born in 1772, and died in 1837, was a very clever



PAINTERS AND ENGRAVERS.



amateur water-colour painter. She exhibited as
an honorary exhibitor many drawings at the Royal
Academy. She was a daughter of Sir Abraham
Hume, Bart., and in 1793 married Sir Charles
Long, afterwards Lord Farnborough.

FARRER, NICHOLAS, a portrait painter, born at
Sunderland in 1750, was a pupil of Pine, and a
friend of Sir Joshua Reynolds and Northcote. His
portraits, without being imitations, bear a strong
resemblance to Sir Joshua's manner, and have
sometimes been mistaken for that master's work.



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