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Le Roi boit, Le Gateau des Kois ; two plates : after

Tiltioryh.

Venus and Adonis ; after J. Bethon.
Venus and -35neas ; after A . oi:ot.
Alexander giving Campaspe to Apelles ; after Lagrmee.
Sucrates pronouncing his Discourse on the Immortality

of the Soul ; after Sane.
Roman Charity ; after N. N. Coypel.



PAINTERS AND ENGRAVERS.



Vulcan presenting to Venus the arms of JEneas ; after

Boucher.

Neptune and Amymone ; after the same.
The Washerwoman ; after Greuze.
The Rape of Proserpine ; after Vien.

DANZICA, SALOMONE DI, is known by works
which are finely and laboriously executed, and
generally represent jocose subjects. His portrait
by C. Gregori is in the Museo Fiorentino. He is
said to have been brought up in Dantzic, from
whence in 1695 he went to Italy. He died at
Milan.

DAPPER. See TAMM, FRANZ WERNER.

DARBY, MATTHEW, engraver and caricaturist,
practised in London and at Bath in the second half
of the 18th century. He kept a shop in the Strand
for the sale of artists' materials, and advertised
liimself as a teacher of engraving. Anthony
Pasquin was one of his pupils. He also published
comic drawings, among them some of H. W. Bun-
bury's early works, and a series of ' Caricatures ' by
various hands. He himself is said to have produced
about three hundred caricatures.

DARCIS, 3. Louis, was a French engraver, who
died in Paris in 1801. His best works are :

Les Incroyables ; after Carle T'ernet.

Les Merveilleuses ; after the same.

L'Anglomane ; after the same.

La Course de Chevaux ; after the same.

Marius at Miuturnse ; after Drouais the younger.

La Brouille ; after Guerin.

Le Eaccommodement ; after the same.

DARDANI, ANTONIO, an Italian historical
painter, was born at Bologna in 1677, and was a
pupil of M. A. Toni and of i. Viani. He died in
1735.

DARDEL, ROBERT GUILLADME, a French sculp-
tor, and pupil of Pajou, was born in Paris in 1749>
and died there in 1821. He engraved a ' Diana '
and an ' Endymion.' His wife engraved after him
' La Danse ' and ' La Musique.'

DARDOIZE, EMILE, French landscape painter
of note, born in Paris in 1826. Though it was
his boast that he was a pupil of no master, he kept
pretty closely to French traditions, and deserves
to be ranked with Harpignies or Pelouse. His
interpretation of Nature was perhaps wanting in
breadth, but his work had the merit of sincerity,
his colour being most fresh and agreeable. Among
his best-known works we may mention ' Solitude'
(in the Salon of 1869), 'Soleil Couchant' (1874),
'Nuit Verte' (1880), 'La Source' (1882), 'LeBois
des Rossignols,' ' Le Bois Pierre' (1894), 'Les
Tourterelles' (1895). He also contributed frequently
to Borne of the Paris illustrated publications such
as 'L'lllustration,' ' Le Tour du Monde,' &c. His
death occurred in Paris on October 30, 1901.

P. P.

DARET, DANIEL, pupil of his brother James,
was admitted free master into the Guild of Saint
Luke at Tournay, February 10, 1440. In 1449 he
was appointed court painter by Philip Duke of
Burgundy, in succession to John van Eyck, since
whose death the office had remained vacant.

DA RET, JAMES, native of Tournay, member of
a family of artists, learned his art under Robert
Campin, to whom he was apprenticed on April 12,
1427; he was admittted free master into the Guild
of Saint Luke on October 18, 1432, seven weeks
after his fellow-apprentice, Roger De la Pasture.
On the same day he was elected provost of the
confraternity of Saint Luke. In 1441 he moved to



Arras, where he resided until 1448 ; there he
was chiefly employed in making designs for
metal-work and tapestry. Amongst others he
painted a cartoon in distemper of the Resurrec-
tion, which occupied thirty-six yards of canvas.
In 1454 he worked during nineteen days on the
decorations for the festival held at Lille, known as
the Voeu du Faisan ; he received as wage 8s. a day.
In October 1459 he was back at Tournay. In 1468
he was called to Bruges to design decorations of
the palace for the marriage of Cliarles the Bold
and Margaret of York ; on this occasion he received
the high wage of 27s. a day. He returned again
to Tournay and died shortly after. A large num-
ber of paintings, formerly attributed to Roger De
la Pasture, are now supposed to be by Daret. The
chief of these are some life-size figures in the
Staedel Institute, Frankfort, of the Most Holy
Trinity, the Blessed Virgin, Saint Veronica (the
original design of this is in the Fitzwilliam Mu-
seum, Cambridge), and one wing of a Calvary
triptych formerly in the priory churcli of Flemalle.
An early copy of the triptych, with the added
portrait of a donor, and figures in grisaille on the
exterior, of SS. John Baptist and Julian, formerly
in the Hospice of Saint Julian at Bruges, is now
in the museum at Liverpool.

Bibliography : De la Grange and Cloquet,
'Etudes Bur 1'Art a Tournai.' 1888.

W. II. J. W.

DARET, JEAN, a Flemish painter, was born at
Brussels in 1613. He went to Italy, whence he
returned in 1638, and settled at Aix in Provence,
where he painted many Scriptural subjects for the
churches and convents of that city. He also
painted portraits, and engraved a set of plates
representing the Virtues. He died at Aix in 1668.
There is an excellent portrait of a Magistrate by
him in the Museum of Marseilles. His sons,
MICHEL and JEAN BAPTISTS, were painters who
worked together.

DARET DE CAZENEUVE, PIERRE, a Frencli
portrait painter and engraver, was born in Paris in
1604. After receiving some instruction in engrav-
ing, he went to Rome in search of improvement,
and there passed a considerable time. He was
received into the Academy of Painting in 1663,
and died at the chateau of La Luque, near Dax
(Landes) in 1678. Mariette says that this artist
began and finished his career with painting. He
engraved upwards of four hundred plates, not
without merit, but very deficient in taste and cor-
rectness of drawing. They are frequently marked
and among them are the following :



PORTRAITS.
Bust of Alexander the Great.
Pope Alexander VII.
Charles I., King of Great Britain.
Henri de Bourbon, Prince of Conde.
Charlotte Marguerite de Montmorency, Princess of

Conde.

Marguerite Gaston, Duchess of Orleans.
Vladislas IV., King of Poland.

SUBJECTS AFTER VARIOUS MASTERS.
St. John sittfng in the Desert with his Lamb ; after

Gmdo.

The Virgin suckling the Infant ; after A. Carracci.
St. Peter delivered from Prison ; after Domenichino.
The Entombment of Christ ; after liarocci.
A Holy Family, with Angel presenting fruit to th 1

Infant Jesus ; after S. Voutt.

The Dead Christ, 'with the Marys; after the same.
St. Jerome ; half-length ; after Ulanchard.

11



A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF



Thetis ordering Vulcan to forge arms for Achilles

after the same.

A Charity with five Children ; after the same.
The Visitation of the Virgin to St. Elizabeth ; after

Corneille.
The Virgin and Infant ; after Sarazin.

He also engraved one hundred small plates for a
work entitled, ' La Doctrine des Mosurs,' after the
designs of Otto van Veen, 1646 ; and a great num-
ber of portraits for a publication entitled, 'Tableaux
historiques, oil sont graves les illustres Francois et
Etrangers de 1'un et 1'autre sexe ; par Pierre Caret,
Louis Boissevin, et B. Moncornet,' published in
1652 and 1656.

There was also a PIERRE DARET, a painter upon
vellum and in water-colours, who was living in
1664.

DARGENT, MICHEL, a Flemish miniature painter,
was born at Li^ge in 1751, and died in 1824. He
possessed talent which was still more remarkable
in his son, who was born at Liege in 1794, and died
in the flower of youth in 1812. His daughter,
MAKIE JOSEPHE, who was born at Liege in 1789
and died in 1863, likewise painted miniatures.

D'ARGENVILLE, ANTOINE JOSEPH DESALLIEK.
See DESALLIER D'ARGENVILLE.

DARIO DA TREVIGI. See TREVIGI.

DARJOU, HENRI ALFRED, a French painter and
draughtsman, born in Paris in 1832, was the son
of Victor Darjou, a portrait painter of some ability.
He studied under his father and under L^on
Cogniet, and exhibited first at the Salon of 1853,
from which time onwards he almost every year
eent pictures which were for the most part of genre
subjects. The paintings of Darjou have, however,
done less for his reputation than the numerous
designs which he made for the ' Illustration ' and
the ' Monde illustre.' He died in Paris in 1874.

DARLY, JEAN BAPTISTE, was a French portrait
painter, who flourished at Tours about 1530. He
had a great reputation, and many persons came
from distant parts in order to have their portraits
painted by him.

DARNSTADT, JOHANN ADOLF, a German line-
engraver, who was born at Auma, near Dippoldis-
walda in Saxony, in 1768, was a scholar of Schulze
and of Zingg. Amongst his works are an engrav-
ing of Dresden after Hammer and Thurmayer, and
some book illustrations. For his plates of 'Th<?
Magi ' and ' The Magi among the Shepherds,' after
Dietrich, he obtained the gold medal at Milan.
He resided at Dresden, and died there in 1844.

DASSONNEVILLE, JACQUES, a French en-
graver, was born in the harbour of St. Ouen near
Rouen, in 1619. We have by this artist about fifty
etchings, in the style of A. van Ostade, which,
although by no means equal to the playful point of
that muster, are not without considerable merit.

DASSY, JEAN JOSEPH, a French historical and
portrait painter, and lithographer, was born at
Marseilles in 1796. He studied under Goubaud
and Girodet-Trioson, and commenced exhibiting at
the Paris Salon in 1819. There are several pictures
by him at Versailles, among which are 'The Battle
of Saucourt' and 'Charibert.' He died at Mar-
seilles in 1865.

DASVELT, JAN, a Dutch landscape painter,
was born at Amsterdam in 1770. He was a pupil
of Hendrik Stokvisch, and, although at first only
an amateur, he soon acquired the reputation of
being a good artist. He excelled especially in the
manner in which he painted the dogs which he

12



introduced into his pictures. He died at Amster-
dam in 1855.

DATHAN, GEORG, was born at Mannheim in
1703. He excelled in painting portraits and his-
torical subjects. One of his best works, an ' Allegory
upon the marriage of the Dauphin, son of Louis
XV., with the Princess Marie Josephine of Poland,'
is in the Dresden Gallery.

DATI, COSIMO. See DADDI.

DATTI, NATALIS, was an Italian engraver, who
flourished at Ravenna in the early part of the 16th
century, to whom Zani, without giving any proof,
assigns the very few plates which bear the signa-
ture NA. DAT. and the device of a rat-trap, on
account of which the artist is often called, THE
MASTER OF THE RAT-TRAP. The prints thus marked
are small and executed entirely with the graver.
From the resemblance of the style of Dati to that
afterwards adopted by Theodor De Bry, it is pro-
bable that the latter was his pupil. Bartsch and
Passavant mention the following prints by him :

Th Virgin and Child, with St. Anne : in an arch to
the right is the Angel appearing to St. Joseph, and
to the left an Angel appearing to St. Joachim.

The Battle of Ravenna. 1512.

Two Monstrous Children joined back to back.

DAUBIGNY, CHARLES FRANC.OIS, one of the most
distinguished French landscape painters and etch-
ers of recent years, was born in Paris in 1817. He
was the son of Edme Francois Daubigny, under
whose tuition he painted boxes, clock-cases, and
other articles of commerce. At the age of eighteen
he visited Italy, and on his return to France in the
following year he entered the studio of Paul Dela-
roche. He first exhibited at the Salon of 1838, and
obtained medals in 1848 and 1853, besides medals
at the Paris Universal Exhibitions of 1855 and
1867. His etchings are characterized by their
purity and effect. Several of them appeared in
Gunner's ' Jardin desPlantes' and 'Beaux Arts,'
and in the ' Artiste ; ' but the best are ' Le Buisson '
and 'Le Coup de Soleil,' after the pictures of Ruis-
dael in the Louvre. Daubigny died in Paris in
1878. He excelled in river scenes, which he often
painted from a barge fitted up as a floating studio.
Amongst his best works are :

The Seine at Bezons. 1840.
The Harvest. 1852.
Sunrise. (In the Lille Museum.)
The Pool of Gylien. 18(53.

Sluice in the Valley of Optevoz. 1855. (In the Luxem-
bourg Gallery.)

The Banks of the Oise. 1861.

The Vintage. 1863. (In the Lwemlmrg Gallery.)
Windmills at Dordrecht. 1872.
Moonrise. 1877.

Fuller details respecting this artist may be found
in Henriet's ' C. Daubigny et son reuvre grave,'
Paris, 1875, 8vo.

DAUBIGNY, EPME FRANCOIS, a French land-
scope painter, was a pupil of Victor Bertin. He
was born in Paris in 1789, and died there in 1843.
His favourite subjects were views in Italy and in
the environs of Paris.

DAUBIGNY, KARL PIERRE, the son of the
famous landscape painter, was a pupil and imitator
of his father, and painted the same class of subjects.
Born in Paris in 1846, he gained medals in 1868
and 1874, and died in May 1886.

DAUBIGNY, PIERRE, a French miniature painter,
was the brother of Edme Frangois Daubigoy, and
a pupil of Aubry. He was born in Paris in 1793,



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PAINTERS AND ENGRAVERS.



and died there in 1858. His wife, AMELIE DAUTEL,
was likewise a miniature painter, and a pupil of
Aubry and of Granger. She was born in 1796 in
Paris, where she died in 1861.

DAUDET, ROBERT, a French engraver of land-
scapes in line, was born at Lyons in 1737. He
was the son of Robert Daudet, an engraver and
printseller, who in 1766 sent him to Paris, where
he studied under Balechou, and afterwards became
the favourite pupil of J. G. Wille. He died in
1824. His best works are as follow :

Two Landscapes, with Figures and Cattle ; after Berclieyn .

An Italian Landscape, with Figures and Cattle ; after
Both and Bffrchem.

Going out to the Chase; after A. van Ostade and
Hackert.

A Stag-Hunt ; after Jf r outcerman.

Italian Ruins ; after C. Poelemburg.

Ruins of Palmyra ; after Cassas.

Combat of Horsemen ; after Van der Meulen.

The Corsican Fishermen ; after Joseph Vernet.

The Young Washerwomen ; after the same.

Roman Ruins ; two plates, after Dietrich.

Evening ; after the same.

Two Views of Pirna, in Saxony.

DAULLE, JEAN, a French engraver, was born
at Abbeville in 1703. He received his first lessons
in engraving from Doni Robart, a monk of the
priory of St. Peter at Abbeville, and afterwards
went to Paris, where his fellow-citizen, Robert
Hecquet, taught him what little he himself knew.
His merit did not remain long unnoticed, and he
was received into the Academy in 1742. He died
in Paris in 1763. After his death some of his
engravings were published by his widow as his
'(Euvre. 1 He engraved several portraits and plates
of historical and other subjects, which are chiefly
executed with the graver in a clear and h'rm style,
which entitles him to rank with the ablest artists
of his time. He marked his works J. D. The
following are his principal plates :

PORTRAITS.
Catherine, Countess of Feuquieres, daughter of Pierre

Mignard ; after Mignard.
Hyacinthe Rigaud, painter ; after Riynud ; engraved

for his reception at the Academy in 1742.
Marguerite de Valois, Countess of Caylus ; after the

same.

Charles Edward Stuart, son of the Pretender.
Clementina, Princess of Poland, his consort ; after

David.
Madame Favart, in the part of ' Bastienne ; ' after

Carle van Loo.

Claude Deshayes Gendron, oculist ; after Rigaud.
Jean Baptists Rousseau ; after Aved.
Jean Mariette, engraver ; after Peane.

SUBJECTS AFTER VARIOUS MASTERS.
The Magdalen ; after Correggio ; for the Dresden

Gallery.
Diogenes with his Lantern ; after Spagnoletto ; for the

same.

Quos Ego ; after Rubens.
The Two Sons of Rubens; after the same; for the

Dresden Gallery.

Neptune appeasing the Tempest ; after the tame.
Charity with Three Children ; after Albani.
The Triumph of Venus ; after Boucher.
Latona ; after J. Joui-enet.
Four Marine subjects ; after Joseph Vernet.
The Bath of Venus ; after Raoux.
Two subjects ; after G. Jfetm.
Jupiter and Calisto ; after If. Poussin.
St. Margaret ; after Correggio.
Child playing with Cupid ; after Van Dyck.

A detailed account of this artist's works is
contained in Deligniere's ' Catalogue raisonne de



1'CEuvre grave de Jean Daull6 d' Abbeville,' 1872,
8vo.

DAUMIER, HONORE, a French caricaturist and
painter, was born at Marseilles in 1808. His most
celebrated work was the series of ' Robert Macaire,'
published in the ' Charivari.' No one ever repre-
sented with greater truth the varied types of
Parisian character. He became blind in 1877, and
died in 1879 at Valmondois ( Seine- et-Oise) in a
house given him by Corot, the landscape painter.

DAUPHIN, CHARLES CLAUDE, (or DOFIN.) called
in Italian DELFINO, a French painter of historical
subjects and portraits, was the son of Olivier
Dauphin. He went to Turin about the year 1664,
and worked there for the Prince of Carignano.
He was also employed for the churches, but his
works are in no great estimation, abounding as
thej' do with the most ridiculous absurdities. In
the church of San Carlo is an altar-piece by him,
described by Lanzi as a most ludicrous composi-
tion. He died in 1677.

DAUPHIN, FRANC.OIS GUSTAVE, a French his-
torical painter, was born at Belfort in 1804. He
was a pupil of Hersent, and executed Scriptural
subjects, and occasionally portraits. He died in
Paris in 1859.

DAUPHIN, OLIVIER, (or DOFIN,) called in Italian
DELFINO, a French painter and engraver, was born
in Lorraine in the early part of the 17th century.
He was instructed by Simon Vouet, and worked,
in particular, at the court of Modena. He etched
several plates after the Carracci and other masters,
but nothing is known of his works as a painter.
He died at Bologna in 1693.

DAUPHIN DE BEAUVAIS, CHARLES NICOLAS,
the son of Nicolas Dauphin de Beauvais, was born
in Paris in 1730, and was instructed in the art of
engraving by his father. He died in 1783.
Amongst other plates he engraved the following :

Portrait of Just Aurele Meissonnier, architect.
Le Sommeil iuterrompu ; after F. Boucher.
Map of the Empire of Alexander.

DAUPHIN DE BEAUVAIS, JACQUES PHILIPPE,
the eldest son of Nicolas Dauphin de Beauvais,
was a sculptor, who engraved three ' Livres de
Vases ' and some views of Venice. He was born
in 1738, and died in Paris in 1781.

DAUPHIN DE BEAUVAIS, NICOLAS, was born
in Paris in 1687. He learned the art of engraving
under Jean Audran, and his works are held in
considerable estimation. It is probable that he
passed some time in England, as he engraved a
part of the frescoes of tlie dome of St. Paul's, after
Sir James Thornhill. He died in Paris in 1753.
We have also by him :

The Descent of the Holy Ghost ; after J. Andre.

All Saints ; after the same.

The Resurrection ; after P. J. Cases.

The Four Seasons ; after the same ; four plates, en-
graved conjointly with Desplaces.

The Madonna of St. George ; after Correggio; for the
Dresden Gallery.

St. Jerome ; after Tan Dyck ; for the same.

The Burning of JEneas's Ships, and their Metamorphosis
into Nymphs ; after Coypel.

The Companion, a subject from the Life of JSueas ;
after the same.

Monument of William, Earl Cowper.

Cupid stealing Jupiter's Thunderbolts ; after Le Sueitr.

St. Mary Magdalen in the Desert; ajter H. Luti ; for
the Crozat Collection.

The Triumph of Bacchus and Ariadne ; after N. Poussin.

DAUTEL, AMELIE. See DAUBIQNY.

13



A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF



DAUZATS, ADRIEN, a French landscape am
genre painter, was born at Bordeaux in 1804. H
became a pupil of Gue, and afterwards travelled in
France, Spain, Egypt, and Palestine, for the purpose
of making illustrations for Baron Taylor's ' Voy-
ages pittoresques et romantiques de 1'ancienne
France,' 1820-63; 'Voyage pittoresque en Es-
pagne, en Portugal, et sur la cote d'Afnque, de
Tanger a Tetouan,' 1826-32 ; ' La Syrie, 1'Egypte,
la Palestine et la Judee,' 1835-39, and other books.
He was a frequent exhibitor at the Salon of genre
subjects and interiors of churches, and was also a
lithographer. He died in Paris in 1868.

DAVENPORT, SAMUEL, an English engraver,
was born at Bedford in 1783. He was articled to
Charles Warren, and worked much at book illustra-
tion, after Shenton, Corbould, and others. He
also engraved many portraits, and was one of the
first to practise engraving on steel. He died in
1867.

DA VENT, LEONARD. See THIRY.
DAVID, CHARLES, a French engraver, was born
in Paris about 1600. It is not ascertained by whom
he was instructed, but he ranks as an estimable
artist among the engravers of his time. The exact
date of his death is not known, but it was neither
earlier than 1636, nor later than 1638. His plates
are executed with the graver in a clear, firm man-
ner, and his drawing is tolerably correct. His
prints are held in considerable estimation. He
usually marked his plates C- D. or C. D. F. The
following are by him :

Ecce Homo, or Christ shown to the People by Pilate.

The Virgin and Infaut with Angels; after J. .-de
CJiampaigne.

The Virgin with St. Bernard ; after P. de Champalyne.

Wisdom awaking a Man sleeping ; after the same.

A Nurse carrying a Child ; with six verses.

The Eomau Charity.

Twelve plates of the Labours of Hercules ; after Frans
Floris.

Sixteen plates of the Cries of Eome ; after Villamena ;
copied with such exactness that they may easily be
mistaken for the originals.

A set of landscapes; after M. and P. Bril.

A Man with a Snail on his Finger, with a Goat wearing
a Crown of Snails on its Head ; after Callot.

DAVID, CHARLES, a French miniature painter,
was born at Avignon in 1798. He was the brother
of the eminent composer Felicien David, and was
also a musician. He died at Avignon in 1869.

DAVID, CLAUDE, a French sculptor and engraver,
was a native of Franche-Comte. He was in Eng-
land in 1720, and is noticed by Vertue as having
engraved a plate from a model of a fountain
intended to have been erected at the conduit in
Cheapside, and comprising statues of Queen Anne
and the Duke of Marlborough on horseback, with
River Gods.

DAVID, FRANCOIS ANNE, a French line-engraver,
was born in Paris in 1741, and died in the same
city in 1824. He was a pupil of Le Bas, and en-
graved several portraits and other subjects in a
neat, finished style ; among them are the following :

PORTRAITS.
Louis Stanislas Savier, Monsieur, afterwards Louis

XVIII. ; after Drouait.

Louis XVIIL ; full-length, in his robes ; after himself.
Denis Diderot ; after L. M. van Loo.
C6sar Gabriel de Choiseul. Due de Praslin ; after TfosY/n.
Catharine II., Empress of Kussia ; after Mile. JJurameatt.
Gaspard Netscher, painter, his Wife and Son; after

Netscher.

Charles I. of England with his Family ; after Van
*.



SUBJECTS AFTER VARIOUS MASTERS.
Adam and Ere in Paradise ; after Santerre.
Christ crowned with thorns ; after Titian.
St. Cecilia ; after Raphael.
The Dutch Sportsman ; after G. Metsa.
The Green-Market at Amsterdam ; after the same.
The Quack Doctor ; after Karel Du Jardin
The Bull ; after Paul Potter.

Two Views of the Gulf of Venice ; after Joseph Yernet.
Two Views near Dunkirk ; after the same.

DAVID, GHEERAERT. Although the name of
this painter appears to have been known to Guicci-
ardini, Sanderus, and other early writers, it was
completely lost in later times until 1860. Re-
searches in the archives of Bruges proved that
this 'Gerard, son of John, son of David, 1 was a
native of Oudewater in South Holland ; that he
settled in Bruges in 1483, and on the 14th of
January, 1484, was admitted as master-painter into
the Guild of Saint Luke, and paid the usual entrance
fee of 6. David soon acquired a good position
in Bruges, for in 1488 we find him fourth 'vinder'
of his guild, in 1495 and 1498 first ' vinder,' and in
1501 ' dean,' a proof that he then stood at the top
of his profession in Bruges. In 1496, or very
shortly after, he married Cornelia, daughter of
James Cnoop, dean of the Guild of Goldsmiths.
David was also a miniaturist, and as such a member
of the Booksellers' Guild. He was also a member of
the confraternity of ' Our Lady of the Dry Tree.'
He was a pious and charitable man, and attained
a great reputation both as painter and miniaturist.
He was in good circumstances, for besides the
house in which he lived, he rented three others as
workshops. In 1509 he completed the picture now
in the Museum of Rouen, and presented it as a



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