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He painted the portraits of the Duke of Richmond
and family. He died in 1805.

FARRIER, ROBEET, a little-known painter of
miniature portraits, domestic subjects, and scenes
from school-boy life. He was born in 1796, ex-
hibited at the Academy after 1818, and died in 1879.

FARUFFINI, FEDERICO, a native of Sesto, who
was distinguished as a painter and engraver,
studied at Rome. His altar-pieces and other his-
torical subjects are original in conception, but of
especial merit is his 'Macchiavelli and Borgia,'
which he both painted arid engraved, and for which
lie obtained a medal in 1866. He died at Milan.

FASOLO, BERNARDINO, the son of Lorenzo
Fasolo, was living in the 16th century at Pavia.
He is known to have been a member of the
council of the Guild of Genoa in 1520, but no
dates can be given of his birth or death. The
following pictures are by him:

Berlin. Gallery. A Holy Family.

Dresden. Gallery. Portrait of a Venetian Lady

Paris. Louvre. Virgin and Child. 1518.

FASOLO, GIOVANANTONIO, who was born_ at
Vicenza in 1528, first studied under Battista
Zelotti ; but the brilliant reputation of Paolo Vero-
nese induced him to enter the school of that dis-
tinguished master, under whom he became a good
historical painter. In the church of San Rocco at
Vicenza is a fine picture by Fasolo, representing the
'Pool of Bethesda,' a grand composition, executed
in a style that would not have disgraced Paolo
Veronese ; in the church of the Padri Servi is
another fine picture by this master, the ' Adora-
tion of the Magi.' In the residence of the Prefect
of that town there are also by him three pictures
of subjects from Roman history, representing
1 Mutius Scjevola before Porsena.' ' Horatius defend-
ing the Bridge,' and ' Marcus Curtius leaping into
the Gulf.' He died in 1572.

FASOLO, LORENZO, called LORENZO DI PAVIA,
was a Lombard painter living in the early part of
the 16th century, who went from Pavia to Genoa,
and was one of the artists employed by Lodovico
Sforza in 1490 in the decorations of the Porta
Giovia Palace at Milan. His chief work is an
altar-piece representing ' The Deposition from the
Cross,' which he painted in 1508, for the nuns of
Santa Chiara, at Chiavari, where it still remains.
The Louvre has by him ' The Family of the Vir-
gin,' dated 1513. His death occurred before 1520.
FASSETTI, GIOVANNI BATTISTA, born at Reggio
in 168-1 of poor parents, entered the studio of
Giuseppe Dallamano as a colour mixer, and it was
not till he was eighteen years of age that he made
his first attempt at art. He entered the studio of
Francesco da Bibiena, and became one of the best
decorative painters of his day. He died after 1772.
FASSIN, NICOLAS HENRI JOSEPH DE, a Belgian
landscape painter, was born at Liege in 1728.
Early in life he served in the French army, and it



was not until he was thirty-four years of age that
he commenced the study of art in the Academy
at Antwerp. He afterwards visited Italy and
Switzerland, and resided for some time at Geneva.
He painted a landscape for the Empress of Russia,
for which he was handsomely rewarded, and many
others are to be found at Liege, and in Germany
and England. He died in his native city in 1811.
His biography, with a list of his pictures, was
published by Van Hust in 1837.

FATIO, ANTOINE LEON MOREL. See MORKL-
FATIO.

FATTORE IL. See PENNI.

FAUCCI, CARLO, an Italian engraver, was born
at Florence in 1729. He was a pupil of Carlo
Gregori, and engraved portraits and historical
pieces with ability. On leaving that artist, he
engraved several plates for the collection of the
gallery of the Marquis Gerini, and afterwards
visited England, where he engraved some plates
for Boydell. He died at Florence in 1784. Among
others, the following prints are by him :

The Birth of the Virgin ; after Pietro da Cortona.

The Adoration of the Shepherds ; after the same.

The Martyrdom of St. Andrew ; after Carlo Dolci.

The Coronation of the Virgin ; after Rvbens.

A Bacchanalian subject ; after the same.

Cupid; after Guido.

Madonna and Child ; after the same.

RAIMONDO FAUCCI, ms nephew, assisted him in the
execution of many of his plates.

FAUCHERY, AUGUSTIN, a French painter and
engraver, was born in Paris in 1800, and was in-
structed by Gue'rin and Regnault. One of his best
engravings is a plate of ' Mona Lisa,' after Leonardo
da Vinci. He died in Paris in 1843.

FADCHIER, LAURENT, a French portrait painter,
was a pupil of Pierre Mignard. He flourished in
the second half of the 17th century.

FAUCUS, GEORGE. See Focus.

FAULKNER, BENJAMIN RAWLINSON, a portrait
painter, was born at Manchester in 1787, and until
1813 pursued a commercial life at Gibraltar. Then,
returning to England on account of an attack of
the plague, he devoted himself to art, receiving his
first instruction from his brother. After some
study in London, he began exhibiting at the Royal
Academy in 1821 ; but his practice was chiefly in
Manchester. He died at Fulham in 1849. Amongst
his works are :

John Dalton, the chemist. 1841. (Royal Society, London.)
John McCulloch, the geologist. (Eoyal Society, London.)
Kev. Dr. Raffles. (Lancashire Independent College.')

FAULKNER, JOSHUA WILSON, a portrait painter,
the brother of Benjamin Faulkner, was born in the
latter part of the 18th century. He was a native of
Manchester, where he spent the greater part of
his life, but he exhibited at the Liverpool Institution,
and occasionally at the Royal Academy. He died
soon after 1820. There is a portrait of Sir John
Ross, the Arctic discoverer, by him.

FAUR, CHRISTIAN WILHELM VON FABER D0. See
FABER DU FAUH.

FAURAY, ANTOINE DE. See FAVRAT.

FAURE, EUGENE, a French painter of allegories,
mythological subjects, and portraits, was born at
Seyssinet, near Grenoble, in 1822. He studied
under David d' Angers and Rude, and his first work,
a landscape, now in the Grenoble Museum, appeared
at the Salon in 1847. He died in Paris in 1879.
The following are his chief works :

149



A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OP



Dreams of Youth. 1857.
First Steps in Love. 18C1.
Confidence. 1863.
Eve. 1864.
La Source. 1878.

FAURE, LoN, a French painter, and pupil of
Eugene Delacroix, was a native of Toulouse. His
first contribution to the Salon was a picture called
1 L'Offrande,' exhibited in 1857. He was for many
years Professor at the Art School of his native
town, where he died in 1887.

FAVA, GIANGIACOMO, commonly known as MAC-
BIND D'ALBA, was a painter of the old Lombard
school, who worked from about 1496 to 1508.
One of his best pictures, a 'Madonna and Child,' is
in a chapel of the Certosa, near Pavia. The Stadel
Institute at Frankfort possesses a ' Madonna ' by
him, with side-pictures from the history of St.
Joachim and St. Anne.

FAVA, PIETRO DA, Count, a Bolognese nobleman,
who distinguished himself not only as a patron of
art, but also as an amateur, was born at Bologna in
1667. He studied art under L Pasinelli, and was
the protector and friend of Donato Creti and Ercole
Graziani. He chiefly studied the works of the
Carracci, whose style he preferred to every other.
In the church of San Tommaso dal Mercato at
Bologna is an altar-piece by him of the 'Virgin
and Infant, with St. Albert, St. Paul, and other
Saints ' ; and at Ancona, in the cathedral, are the
'Adoration of the Magi,' and the 'Resurrection.'
He was a member of the Clementine Academy,
and died in 1744.

FAVANNE, HENRI DE, (or FAVANNES,) a painter
of historical subjects, was born in London in 1668.
and was instructed by Rene Houasse. He travelled
through England, and afterwards lived ten years
in Spain. He then went to Paris, where he was
elected rector of the Academy, and died in 1752.

FAVANNE, JACQUES DE, (or FAVANNES,) the
son of Henri de Favanne, was at first an en-
graver, and was instructed by H. F. Thomassin,
but he afterwards took to painting, and executed
principally sea-pieces. He was residing in Paris
about 1760. He is mentioned by Basan as the en-
graver of a plate after Watteau of ' The Pleasures
of Summer.'

FAVRAY, Chevalier ANTOINE DE, (or FAURAT,)
born in 1706, was a pupil of Jean Francois deTroy,
the younger, whom he accompanied to Rome when
the latter was appointed Director of the Academy
in that city. At Malta, in the service of the
Knights of the Order, he executed several repre-
sentations of Maltese manners and customs, one
of which in the Louvre served for his reception
into the Academy in 1762. A picture of the
'Annual Thanksgiving of the Knights of St.
John, in the church of their patron saint, for
their deliverance from the Turks,' was sent with
the above to Paris. In 1762 he went with the
French ambassador, the Chevalier de Vergennes, to
Constantinople, where he remained till 1771, when,
on war breaking out between Turkey and Russia,
he returned to Malta. From this time all further
details of his life are unknown, though he seems to
have been alive in 1789, and probably in 1791. In
the La Gaze collection in the Louvre is a picture of
' Maltese Ladies paying a visit.' His portrait is in
the Uffizi, Florence.

FAVRETTO, GIACOMO, painter, was born at
Venice in 1849. He was one of the ablest of the
little knot of Venetian painters whose practice is
150



founded more or less on the water-colours of Lud-
wig Passini. His pictures are generally market-
scenes, and are notable for the skill with which
positive greens are employed. Towards the end
of his life his works became popular in London.
The best perhaps is ' A Clothes Market in Venice.'
He died at Venice in 1887.

FAXARDO, JUAN ANTONIO, a Spanish painter,
was a native of Seville, to whom Alonzo Miguel de
Tobar was sent when a boy to learn painting.

FAY, JOSEPH, a German painter, born at Cologne
in 1813, attended from 1833 to 1841 the Academy
at Diisseldorf, and afterwards studied at Munich,
and at Paris under Paul Delaroche. He first
painted historical subjects, and had a happy talent
in representing scenes from the life and manners
of the old Germans, but not meeting with sufficient
encouragement, he changed his style for genre
painting, for which purpose he visited Italy. He
died at Diisseldorf in 1875. The following are
among his best works :

Samson and Delilah. 1839. (Cologne Museum.)

Cleopatra.

A large Frieze. (Elterfeld Court-house.) This has

perished, but some cartoons of it still exist.
Thisbe listening.
Romeo and Juliet. 1846.
Gretchen in Prison. 1847.

FAYERMANN, ANNE CHARLOTTE. See BAR-
THOLOMEW.

FAYRAM, JOHN, a portrait and landscape painter,
practised in London about the year 1740. There
are by him some slight, coarse etchings of views
in the neighbourhood of Chelsea and Battersea,
and also one of the Hermitage in Kew Gardens.

FEARNLEY, THOMAS, a landscape painter of
English parentage, was born at Fredrichshall in
Norway in 1802. After spending a short time in
his uncle's business, he entered the Copenhagen
Academy, and was patronized by the Crown
Prince Oscar, for whom he painted a ' View of
Copenhagen.' In 1828 he set out on his travels
through Europe, and did not return to Norway till
1836. He afterwards spent sometime in England,
and exhibited at the British Institution a ' Nor-
wegian Cascade.' He died at Munich in 1842.
Amongst his most noticeable works are :

The Blue Grotto of Capri.

The Glacier of the Griudelwald (repented several times).

Labrofos Waterfall. (Christiania National Gallery.)

FEARY, JOHN, a landscape painter, exhibited
at the Royal Academy from 1772 to 1788. He
obtained a premium at the Society of Arts in 1775.

FEBRE, VALENTIN LE. See LE FEBRE.

FEBURE, CLAUDE LE. See LEFEBURE.

FEBURE. FRANCOIS LE. See LE FEVRE.

FECHHELM, CHRISTIAN GOTTLIEB, a portrait and
historical painter, born at Dresden in 1732, studied
under Mengs, Manjocky, and Hutin, first portrait
painting, and then miniature. In the Seven Years'
War Maria Theresa commissioned him to paint the
portraits of the generals engaged in that campaign
for the Military School at Vienna. He died at
Dresden in 1816. His son, KARL CHRISTIAN, who
was born at Dresden in 1770, and died in 1826,
was likewise a painter.

FECHHELM, KARL FRIEDRICH, who was born
at Dresden about 1723, studied under Miiller at
Prague, and was engaged at Berlin, in the palace
and other public places, in painting frescoes and
architectural decorations. He died in 1785. There
are some views of Berlin etched by him.



PAINTERS AND ENGRAVERS.



FECHNER, EDDABD CLEMENS, who was bom at
Gross-Sarchen, near Moscow, in 1799, was a portrait
painter and an etcher, who studied in 1814 at
Dresden under Grassi and Retscli. In 1820 he
went to Munich, where he improved his style under
Stieler. He worked some time for the Duke of
Leuchtenberg, and visited Paris in 1825. He ex-
celled in painting portraits of ladies and children ;
he also executed eleven etchings in a spirited
manner. He died in Paris in 1861.

FEDDES, PIETER, called PIETERVAN HARLINGEN,
from the place of his birth, was born in 1588, and
distinguished himself as a painter on glass. He
also etched portraits, conversation and historical
pieces, with a broad and spirited point. There are
by him 119 plates, among which the most important
are the following :

Johannes Bogerman, the President of the Synod at
Dordrecht. 1620.

Martinus Hamconius.

Charity, or Love.

Fifty-two portraits of the Princes and Dukes of Fries-
land, for Hamconius's Frisia (Franeker, 1620).

The Portraits in "Winsemius's Cronycken van Vriesland
(Franeker, 1622).

His platea are signed P. Harlingensis, although
not always in full. He died in 1634.

FEDERIGHETTO DI DALMATIA, II. See
BENCOVICH.

FEGATELLI, GIUSEPPE MARIA, a native of Bo
logna, and pupil of C. Gennari, flourished in the
latter half of the 17th century, and painted pictures
for the churches of his native city.

FEHLING, HEINHICH CHRISTOPH, a German
painter, born at Sangerhausen, in Thuringia, in
1653, was instructed by Bottschildt, to whom he
was related. After having lived several years in
Italy, he was appointed court-painter to the Elector
John George IV., and became director of the
Academy and inspector of the Art Galleries at
Dresden, where he died in 1725. In the Dresden
Gallery is a portrait by him of Colonel Kaspar von
Klengel, and a number of painted ceilings remain
as specimens of his art in the palaces of that city.

FBI, ALESSANDRO DI VINCENZIO, called ALESSAN-
DRO DEL BARBIERE, an historical painter, was born
at Florence in 1543, and was a pupil first of
Ghirlandajo, afterwards of Piero Francia, and
lastly of Maso da San Frediano. His invention
was fertile and prompt, adapted to the great works
which he executed in fresco, and embellished with
architecture in a grand style. He was fond of
introducing buildings and grotesque figures into
his paintings. His works are to be found in the
churches and public edifices at Florence, Pistoja,
and Messina. One of his most esteemed pictures
is the ' Flagellation,' in the church of Santa Croce at
Florence, in which city he died in 1592.

FEID, JOSEPH, an Austrian landscape painter, was
born at Vienna in 1807. He possessed a great
talent in depicting foliage and forest life, and died
at Weidling, near Vienna, in 1870. The following
works by him are in the Vienna Gallery :

A Scene in a Wood, with Nymphs bathing. 1828.
A Study of the Schneeberg.
A Forest Landscape, with a large Oak. 1841.
A Landscape with an approaching Storm.

FEIGL, JOHANN, an engraver, who flourished at
Vienna in the last quarter of the 18th century, was
a pupil of Schmutzer and of Wille. His best known
work is, 'An old Woman washing the Head of a
Boy,' after G. Dou, 1776



FEISTENAUER, ANDREAS, (or FAISTENAUEK,)
a native of Rosenheim, in Bavaria, studied at Vienna
under Stoll. He afterwards went to Munich, where
he painted several pictures for the churches, and
in 1658 was appointed court-painter to the Elector
of Bavaria. The date of his death is not known

FEISTENBERGER, ANTON, was born at Inns-
bruck, in the Tyrol, in 1678. Be had no abler
instructor than an obscure artist, named Bouritzsch,
who lived at Salzburg, or Passau ; but he had an
opportunity of studying some of the works of
Gaspard Poussin, by which he formed for himself
so grand a style of painting landscape, that on
seeing his pictures, it would be supposed that he
had visited Rome. His landscapes are embellished
with architectural ruins, and refreshed with water-
falls ; the forms of his trees are grand and pic-
turesque, and his foliage is light and spirited. He
was invited to Vienna by the Emperor of Germany,
by whom he was employed for several years, and
many of his best works are in the Imperial and
Liechtenstein Galleries in that city. Other land-
scapes by him are in the Dresden Gallery and at
Weimar. He was not successful in drawing the
figure, but was assisted in that branch by Hans
Graf and Van Bredael. He died at Vienna in
1736.

FEISTENBERGER, JOSEPH, born at Innsbruck
in 1684, was the brother of Anton Feistenberger,
by whom he was instructed, and whom he assisted
in some of his works. There are two landscapes
by this artist in the Vienna Gallery. He died at
Vienna in 1735.

FEKE, ROBERT, one of the earliest American
colonial painters, was descended from a Dutch
family, who settled at Oyster Bay, Long Island.
It is said that having been taken prisoner and
carried to Spain, he there learned to paint, and on
his return home settled at Newport, Rhode Island,
where, among other portraits, he painted that of
the beautiful wife of Governor Wanton, now in
the Redwood Library. He worked also at New
York, and in 1746 at Philadelphia, where his por-
traits were considered the best after those of West.
He subsequently went to Bermuda for his health,
and died there at the age of about forty- four.

FELICE, SIMONE, was an Italian engraver of the
17th century, who, in conjunction with Giovanni
Battista Falda. engraved a collection of prints,
entitled ' Le Giardini di Roma.' Felice's plates
are very neatly executed, with small figures,
spiritedly designed, and are in no way inferior
to the productions of Falda.

FELICIATI, LORENZO, an Italian painter, was
born at Siena in 1732, and died in 1779. Several
pictures by this artist are to be found in the
churches of Siena and its neighbourhood.

FELIPE, Fray, was a Spanish miniature painter
of the early part of the 16th century, who, in con-
junction with Bernardino Cnnderron and Alonso
Vazquez, between 1514 and 1518 decorated a missal
for the cathedral of Toledo.

FELLINI, GIULIO CESARE, born about 1600, was
a pupil of Gabriele Ferrantini and of Annibale
Carracci. He excelled in painting horses and
figures, and was assisted by his son Marcantonio
Fellini.

FELLNER, FERDINAND, a designer and painter,
was born at Frankfort in 1799. After receiving
a high-class education he went to Munich to study
art, and remained there from 1825 to 1831, but later
on he established himself at Stuttgart and pub-

151



A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF



lished a number of illustrations. As a painter his
works are less meritorious. He died at Stuttgart
in 1859. Some of the most remarkable of his
designs for books are :

The Illustrations of the ' Seven Swabians.'

Sixteen Illustrations of ' Don Quixote.'

The Illustrations of ' Faust.'

Five Illustrations of ' Wilhelm Tell.'

Illustrations of ' Wallenstein,' 'The Maid of Orleans/

' Macbeth,' ' Romeo and Juliet,' Burger's ' Lenore,'

' Oberon,' ' Robert,' ' Gudrun,' &c.



His paintings bear the
monogram, and among
following :

Burgberg. Church.

Frankfort. Emperor's Saloon.




accompanying
them are the



The Holy Family (partly

fainted by Pilgram).
Conrad I.
Frederic the Beautiful.



FELLOWES, JAMES, a portrait painter, prac-
tised in the first half of the 18th century. He
was reputed to be the painter of a picture, once
well known, of ' The Last Supper,' at St. Mar/8,
Whitechapel.

FELOU, CHARLES FRANCOIS, the Belgian arm-
less painter. He first saw the light at Waermaede
in the year 1830, being born without any arms. He
did not follow an artistic career until comparatively
late in life, for it was not until he had passed his
twenty-fifth year that he seriously commenced
work as an artist. He worked entirely with his
feet, holding his palette with his left, and using
his brushes with the other foot. He died at
Brussels in the seventieth year of his age.

FELSENTHAL, WOLFGANG, Edler von. See
Kcipp.

FELSING, GEORG JAKOB, a German line-engraver,
was born at Darmstadt in 1802. He was first in-
structed by his father, Johann Konrad Felsing, but
he afterwards visited Italy and studied at Milan
under Longhi, and at Florence the style of Raffa-
ello Morghen. After residing some time at Naples
he revisited Florence, and became a professor in
the Academy of that city, and a member of the
Academy of Milan. He returned to Darmstadt in
1832, when he was elected professor, and appointed
engraver to the Court. During a stay in Paris
he was influenced by the style of Desnoyers, and
at Munich by the principles of the artists there.
Felsing's plates show the talent of a great artist,
and he worked with the graver in a clear and
vigorous manner. He was also a member of the
Academies of St. Petersburg, Berlin, and Vienna,
and of the Institute of France. He died at Darm-
stadt in 1883. His most important works are:

Christ on the Mount of Olives; after Carlo Dolci.

1828.

The Madonna enthroned ; after Andrea del Sarto. 1830.
The Marriage of St. Catharine ; after Correggio. 1831.
The Violinist ; after Raphael. 1833.
Girl at the Fountain ; after Bendemann. 1835.
The Virgin with the Infant, St. Elizabeth, and St.

John ; after Overbeck. 1839.
St. Genevieve in the Forest ; after SteinlriicTt.
The Saviour; after Leonardo da Vinci. 1844.
Christ with the Doctors ; after the same. 1847.
Hagar and Ishrnael ; after Kijhler. 1848.
Moses in the Bulrushes ; after the same. 1849-52.
The Lorelei ; after Kohler the younger. 1854.
The Betrayal of Christ ; after Hofmann. 1861.
St. Cecilia ; after the same.
Christ with the Cross ; after Crespi.
FELSING, JOHANN KONRAD, a German engraver,
was born at Giessen in 1766, and learned the
152



elements of his art in Darmstadt. He engraved
many portraits in the dotted manner, but was
more particularly distinguished by his topogra-
phical works, of which the last and best was the
military plan of Mayence. He died at Darmstadt
in 1819. He was the father of JOHANN HEINRICH
FELSING, a celebrated copper-plate printer, who
died in 1875, and of GEORG JAKOB FELSING, the
eminent engraver.

FELTRE, MORTO DA. See LDZZI.

FELTRINI, ANDREA, called also ANDREA DI
Cosmo, was a Florentine painter who excelled in
grotesques. He was born about 1490, and died about
1554. His works are to be met with at Florence
on the fronts of houses, on walls, and on ceilings.
He is called by the first name, from his having
been a scholar of Morto da Feltre, and by the
second from his having studied art under Cosimo
Roselli.

FEMINIA, GABRIEL, a Spanish painter, who
flourished at the commencement of the 18th cen-
tury. He had the reputation of being the best
landscape painter of his time in Spain.

FENDI, PETER, a German genre and water-
colour painter, engraver, lithographer, and de-
signer, was born in 1796 at Vienna, in the academy
of which city he studied. In 1818 he became
draughtsman to the Cabinet of Antiquities, and
in 1821 he went to Venice, and obtained a gold
medal for his picture of ' The Grotto.' He pro-
duced pictures on various subjects of German
history and poetry, and also designed illustrations
for Dibdin's ' Bibliographical Tour in France and
Germany,' and for Hormayr's ' History of Vienna.'
He died in 1842. His ' Young Girl watching a
Lottery ' is in the Vienna Gallery, and his ' Bride '
appeared at the London International Exhibition
of 1862.

FENIS, BARTHELEMI, was an engraver who
worked at Modena from 1653 to 1669, and etched
several plates in the style of Callot.

FENNITZER, GEORG, who worked at Nuremberg
towards the end of the 17th century, was an en-
graver in chiaroscuro, especially of portraits. His
plates are signed O. F., G. Fenn., Gt. Feni., or (?.
Fenitz. Among his portraits are :

Matthaus Miiller.

Johann Conrad Gotz. 1690.

Petrus Ihselburg.

Andreas Bergmann. 1693.

FENNITZER, MICHAEL, who was evidently a
relation of Georg Fennitzer, was born at Nurem-
berg in 1641, and died there at the close of the cen-
tury. He also was an engraver in mezzotint, and
his best plates are ' The Last Supper,' after Adam
Kraft's relief in the Church of St. Sebaldus at



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