Michael Bryan.

Bryan's dictionary of painters and engravers (Volume 2) online

. (page 68 of 77)
Online LibraryMichael BryanBryan's dictionary of painters and engravers (Volume 2) → online text (page 68 of 77)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

The Grotto of Neptune at Tivoli ; two plates.

Waterfall of Velino. 1795.

The Lake of Albano near Rome.' '1796.

Rinaldo and Armida; after G. Poussin.

View of Pozzuoli ; after Htickei't.

GNOCCHI, PIETRO, was a native of Milan, who
was born about 1550, and, according to Morigia,
flourished about the year 1595. He was a scholar
of Aurelio Luini, and surpassed his instructor in
the elegance and taste of his figures. Lanzi con-
jectures that this artist may be the painter called
Pietro Luini, as -it was not unusual at that time for
the disciple to adopt the name of his master. His
best performance is his picture of ' Christ giving
the Keys to St. Peter,' in the church of San Vittore
at Milan.




GOBELL, GERRIT HENDERIK, a Dutch landscape
painter, was born at Raalte in 1786, and died at
Deventer in 1833. The Amsterdam Museum has
a ' Winter Landscape ' by this artist.

GOBEL, KARL PETER, an Austrian portrait and
historicul painter, born at Wiirzburg in 1791, was
educated at the Academy at Vienna, where he
died in 1823. The Vienna Gallery has a picture
by him of 'Jacob blessing the Sons of Joseph.'
Besides this may be mentioned his ' Moses,' and
1 Death of Dido.'

GOBERT, PIERRE, a French portrait painter, was
born at Fontainebleau in 1666. He became an
academician in 1701, and died in Paris in 1744.
There is by him in the Madrid Gallery a portrait
of Louis XV. when Dauphin.

GODBY, JAMES, an English engraver, lived at the
beginning of the 19th century. He prepared the
illustrations for 'The Fine Arts of the English
School,' 1812, and engraved also Raphael's ' Mira-
culous Draught of Fishes.'

GODDARD, BODVERIE, an English animal
painter, was born in Wiltshire in 1834. He came
to London in 1849, and studied for two years in
the Zoological Gardens. In 1851 he settled in
Salisbury, but six years later returned to London.
He was a constant exhibitor at the Royal Academy.
He died at Brook Green in 1888. His ' Struggle
for Existence' is in the Walker Art Gallery,


GODDARD, JOHN, was an English engraver, of
the 17th century. He engraved some frontispieces,
maps, and other subjects, for the booksellers.
One of his best prints is the portrait of Martin
Billingsley, a writing-master, dated 1651, which
is prefixed to his copy-book. Strutt mentions
a small upright print of a woman standing, under
which is inscribed Vetura, and another its com-

GODDYN, PIETEE, a Flemish painter, was born
at Bruges in 1752. He was educated at the Bruges
Academy, and afterwards in Rome, and in 1782
won the first prize at Parma, for the best picture
from a scene in Virgil's '^Eneid.' In 1784 he re-
turned to his native city, where he died in 1811.

pupil of the painter Ferdinand Joseph Godefroid,
was born in Paris in 1778. In 1795 she became a
teacher of art and music in the Institute of St.
Germain ; but in order to devote herself more
entirely to painting she renounced this position
and entered the atelier of Gerard, whom she
assisted in his works, while she also independently
painted portraits in oil, water-colour, and pastel.
She had an elder brother a painter, who completed
her education after their father's death. She died
in Paris in 1849.

GODEFROY, , was a French miniaturist, who

worked at Fontainebleau early in the 16th century,
and rivalled Fouquet, Beauneveu, the Pascals, and
other celebrated artists of that time. In 1519-20
he executed for Francis I. the miniatures in the
fine manuscript of Cassar's 'Commentaries,' of
which the first volume is now in the British
Museum, the second in the National Library at
Paris, and the third in the collection of the Duke
d'Aumale. He also painted those in the beautiful
manuscript of the French translation of the
' Triumphs ' of Petrarch, which is in the library of
the Arsenal in Paris.

GODEFROY, FRANCOIS, a French designer and
engraver, was born at Rouen in 1748, and died in
Paris in 1819. He was the father of Jean Godefroy,
and one of the best scholars of Le Bas, under whose
tuition he engraved landscapes after Casanova and
Claude Lorrain, genre pieces after Fragonard, and
historical subjects from the Revolution in North
America. Among his best plates are:

Landscape with a Herd of Cattle ; after Villemont.

A pair of Landscapes, called ' Le Temple des Amours,'

and ' La Tour des deux Amans ; ' after Lantara.
A View of the Village of Moutiers Travers ; after Cha-


Amusement of Brabant ; after Teniers.
The Georgian Bath ; after L. de La Hire.
A pastoral Landscape ; after Casanova.
A Landscape, with a Waterfall ; after Le Prince.
A Landscape ; after Claude Lorrain.

GODEFROY, JEAN, a French engraver, the son
of Francois Godefroy, was born in London in 1771,
and was a scholar of J. P. Simon. He engraved
the works of the most eminent French painters of
his time ; particularly those of Gerard, Prud'hon,
Carle Vernet, Isabey, and Chaudet. There are also by
him engravings after Raphael, Correggio, Poussin,
and the Carracci. He died in Paris in 1839. He
is said to have been also a painter. The following
are among his best plates :

Cupid and Psyche ; after Gerard.
The Battle of Austerlitz ; after the same. 1813.
Ossian with his Harp charming up Pictures of Phan-
tasy ; a/tar the same.

The Congress of Vienna ; after Isabey. 1819.
Bonaparte at Malmaison ; after the same.
The Death of Hippolytus ; after Carle J'ernet.


GODELER, ELIAS, (JOHANN,) an Austrian his-
torical and landscape painter, as well as an archi-
tect, was born in 1620. He painted in oil and in
fresco principally at Nuremberg, Baireuth, and
Hildburghausen, and died in the last-named town
in 1693.

GODEMAN, an English monk of the latter half
of the 10th century, was a miniature painter, who
executed thirty designs in gouache and gold in a
Benedictional of Bishop Athelwold of Winchester,
now in the possession of the Duke of Devonshire,
and in a Benedictional and a Missal now in the
Library at Rouen.


GODEWYCK, MARGARITA, born at Dordrecht
in 1627, was a pupil of Nicolaas Maes, and painted
landscapes and flower-pieces. She possessed a
remarkable talent of executing similar subjects
in needle-work. She died at Dordrecht in 1677.

GODFREY, G., an English artist, engraved,
among other things, some of the plates for Grose's
'Antiquities' in 1785.

GODFREY, RICHARD B., an engraver, was born
in London in 1728. He engraved several views
and antiquities, and some English portraits for
Bell's ' British Theatre ' and the ' Antiquarian
Repository ; ' among them the following :

Edward, the Black Prince.

Thomas, Duke of Gloucester.

Margaret, Countess of Salisbury.

Sir Henry Upton, British Minister in France.

Simon Forman, astrologer.

Sir Anthony Weldon, historian.

Juhn Evans, astrologer.

Abraham Cowley, poet.

Richard Cromwell, son of the Protector.

GODWIN, JAMES, an English designer for
illustrated books, was born early in the 19th
century. He studied in the schools of the Royal
Academy, and exhibited there and at the Society
of British Artists between the years 1846 and
1851 some works, among which was his ' Hamlet
and Ophelia.' He died in London in 1876.


GOEDAARD, JOHANNES, born at the beginning
of the 17th century in Middelburg, where he died
in 1668, painted insects and other objects of
natural history.

and engraver, was a native of Brunswick, who in
1558 went to Dresden, and entered the service of
the Elector of Saxony. In the Ducal Art Cabinet at
Gotba is a little book containing thirteen miniature
pictures by him representing scenes from the life
of Christ. His most important work as an engraver
is a series of subjects taken from the History of
Saxony and published in 1597-98, but these plates
are surpassed by seven historical landscapes which
he executed about the same time. After 1598 every
trace of the artist disappears.

GOEIMARE, JAN, a landscape painter, was a
native of Flanders, who flourished at the beginning
of the 17th century.

painter, was a native of Antwerp, who flourished
about 1581, and was the first master of Jan


GOENEUTTE (NORBERT), French painter-en-
graver, born in Paris in 1854 ; became a pupil of
Pils at the Ecole des Beaux Arts, exhibiting his
first two pictures in the Salon of 1876, which pro-
voked much comment. One of these was the
'Boulevard de Clichy.' Parisian to the core,
Goeneutte at once devoted himself to reproducing
certain characteristic types and aspects of the
French capital with signal success. Their qualities
of keen observation and subtle humour should
serve to prevent many of his pictures from being
forgotten. Of these we may mention 'L'Appel
des Balayeurs,' ' La Soupe du matin k la porte de
chez Brebant,' ' Les Bonnes de chez Duval,' &c.
Goeneutte ranks with Desboutin and Somm as one
of the most remarkable draughtsmen and dry-
point engravers of modern times. His work deeply
influenced latter-day engraving, and in this perhaps
his originality and talent are best displayed. He
died at Anvers-sur-Oise, October 9, 1894

GOEREE, J., was a Dutch engraver, who resided
at Amsterdam about the middle of the 17th century.
He engraved a variety of frontispieces and other
book plates, which are chiefly, if not entirely, from
his own designs.


Flemish historical painter, was born at Ghent in
1753. He was Prufessor at the Academy, and
Director of the Institute at Ghent, but he aban-
doned art in order to take the management of
the printing office which had been carried on by
his family for upwards of a century. He died in

GOESTELINE, WILLEM, a native of Brussels,
painted in 1463 an altar picture in the church of
St. Nicholas at Ghent.


and mezzotint engraver, was born at Kloster-
Welchrod, in Moravia, in 1708. He was instructed
in painting by Eckstein, and afterwards was a
scholar of Johann Georg Bergmiiller, at Augsburg,
where he died in 1768. His works as a painter
are little known out of his own country ; but he
has scraped some plates in mezzotint, among which
are the following :

The Emperor Charles VII. ; after a picture by himself.

Bust of Louis XV.

St. Amandus ; after J. G. Bergmiiller.

St. Walburg ; after the same.


GOLCHI, PETER, is mentioned by Walpole as
having painted in England in the reign of Queen

GOLD, CHABLES, a colonel of the Royal Artillery,
was an English amateur draughtsman. He entered
the army in 1790, and after having served in India
and the Netherlands, and at Waterloo, retired from
the service in 1825, and died at Leamington in
1842. He published in 1806 ' Oriental Drawings,'
representing Indian costumes, &c.

GOLDAR, JOHN, an engraver, was born at Oxford
in 1729, and died of apoplexy in Hyde Park, Lon-
don, in 1795. He engraved several humorous
subjects, among which is a set of four plates,
after John Collet, called ' Modem Love.' He also
engraved a print of ' Ships after an Engagement,'
after Wright.

GOLDING, RICHARD, a line-engraver, was born
in London of humble parentage in 1785. He was
VOL. n. 8

apprenticed in 1799 to an engraver named Pass,
for seven years, but left him after five, when hia
indentures were transferred to James Parker, who,
however, died shortly after ; Golding completing
some of the plates he had left unfinished. Rapidly
improving in his profession, Golding soon after
obtained through a Mr. Fuller, an American artist,
for whom he had engraved a plate, an introduction
to West, for whom he executed a plate of the
'Death of Nelson.' He also became known to Smirke,
from whose paintings he executed many beautiful
engravings for book illustration ; among the best
are those for editions of 'Don Quixote' and 'Gil Bias.'
In 1818 he engraved for Sir Thomas Lawrence his
portrait of the ' Princess Charlotte of Wales,' a very
fine plate, for which he received much praise, so
that he now became famous, and obtained many
commissions. Some years after, however, he seems
to have become apathetic, and discontinued work
almost entirely. He died at Lambeth in 1865 in
comparative poverty. The chief of his larger
works are :

St. Ambrose refusing the Emperor Theodosius admission
to the Church ; after Paolo Veronese.

A Peep into Futurity ; after Maclise,

The Princess Charlotte of "Wales ; after Sir Thomas

The Princess Victoria (the Queen) in her ninth year ;
after Westall.

The Princess Victoria (the Queen) ; after Fowler. 1S30.

Henry Calvert, Esq. ; after T. Phillips.

Thomas Hammersley, Esq. ; after Hamilton.

GOLDSCHMIDT, HERMANN, a painter, but more
distinguished as an astronomer, was born at Frank-
fort-on-the-Main in 1802. A visit to Holland in
1832 decided him to devote himself to art, and he
then studied under Schnorr and Cornelius at
Munich. In 1834 he took up his residence in
Paris, where his ' Romeo and Juliet ' was purchased
by the state. He became an astronomer in 1847,
and has left a name in that science by his discovery
of thirteen of the asteroidal planets. He died at
Fontainebleau in 1866.

GOLE, JACOBUS, a Dutch engraver, was born at
Amsterdam in 1660, and died in the same city in
1737. There are by him several prints, some of
which are executed with the graver, and others in
mezzotint; the former are the better. Among
them are the following :


Charles XI., King of Sweden. 1685.
Duchess de La Valliere. 1685.
Mahomet IV., Sultan of Turkey.
Kara Mustapha, Grand Vizier.
Abraham Hellenbroek, Minister of the Gospel.
Nicolas Colvius, Pastor of the Walloon Church ; after
B. Vaillant.

Charles III., King of Spain.
Frederick, King of Poland.

George Augustus, Elector of Brunswick-Luneburg.
Charles, Landgrave of Hesse-Cassel.
Cornelis Tromp, Admiral of Holland.
Balthasar Becker.

Peasants smoking ; after Adriaan van Ostade.
Dutch Boors regaling ; after Adriaen Brouwer.
The Tooth-drawer ; after Tenters.
The Schoolmaster ; after E. Hcemtkerk.
Heraclitus; after Cornelis Dusart.

GOLS, CONRAD (or GOLTZIUS), an engraver, was
working at Cologne at the end of the 16th century.
There are known of his works :



St. Bernard with the Instruments of the Passion.
The History of Susannah ; seven plates.
The Annunciation.
The Seven Sacraments.

GOLTZIUS, HENDRIK, a painter and an engraver
both on metal and on wood, was born at Miilbrecht,
in the duchy of Jiilich, in 1558. His father, Johann
Goltzius, was an eminent glass-painter, who in-
structed him in the first principles of art ; and he
was taught engraving by Dirk Cuerenhert. His
progress was such, that he soon surpassed his mas-
ter, who employed him to engrave some plates,
and he also executed several for Philipp Galle. In
his twenty-first year he married a wealthy widow,
the mother of Jakob Matham, which enabled him
to establish a printing office of his own, but did
not advance his happiness, and in fact the con-
tinued domestic discord so preyed upon his health
that it led to his travelling to southern lands. He
passed through Germany to Italy, where his studies
were particularly directed to the works of Michel-
angelo, Raphael, and Polidoro da Caravaggio. A
too vehement desire to imitate the style of Michel-
angelo led him frequently into outrageous and extra-
vagant designs, which are not always compensated
by the extraordinary excellence of his graver.
During his residence at Rome, he engraved several
plates after Raphael, Polidoro, and others ; and on
his return to Holland he settled at Haarlem, where
he engraved several plates from the Flemish and
Dutch masters. He imitated with the greatest
success the styles of Albrecht Diirer, Lucas van
Leyden, and other admired old masters, and pro-
duced a set of six large plates, called the ' Master-
pieces of Goltzius,' not because they are his best
productions, but as showing how perfectly he
could copy the particular manner of those artists
whose works were held in higher estimation than
his own. He had reached his forty-second year
when he commenced painting. His first picture
represented the 'Crucifixion,' with the Virgin
Mary and St. John, and it is commended by Van
Mander for the excellence of the colouring, and the
boldness of the design. He died at Haarlem in
1617. His principal pictures are :

Petersburg. Hermitage. Adam and Eve.

The Circumcision of Christ.

The Adoration of the Magi.

The Baptism of Christ.

Rotterdam. Museum, Juno receiving the eyes of
Argus. 1615.

Goltzius is more famous as an engraver than a
painter, and his prints amount to more than five
hundred in number ; they are frequently marked
with the cipher T/JV The following are his prin-
cipal plates : J^T


Henndrik Goltzius.

Henry IV., King of France ; oval. 1592.

Frederick II., King of Denmark; oval. 1583.

William, Prince of Orange, in armour, with an em-
blematical border.

Charlotte de Bourbon, Priucess of Orange.

Dirk Cuerenhert ; after his own dts'yn.

Gerbrand Adriaansz" Brederods ; with an oval border of

Hans Bol, painter of Mechlin ; in an ornamental

Jau Stradan, painter.

Philipp Galle, engraver.

Pieter Forest, or Forestus, physician. 1586.

Justus Lipsius. 1587.

Johannes Zurenus ; after M. van Heemskerk.

M. de La Faille ; very highly finished.

Madame de La Faille, with a Skull; the companion.


Christopher Plantin, the printer.
Fran9oise d'Egmont, with her hand on a Skull ; ovaL
Kobert Dudley, Earl of Leicester ; oval. 1586.
S. Sovius, without his name ; inscribed, Bern ayere et nil

timers. 1583.


Judah aud Tamar ; circular ; supposed to be one of his

earliest plates.

The Life and Passion of our Saviour; twelve plates,
executed in the style of Albrecht Diirer ; H. Golt:
fee. 1597. There is a set of copies after these, in a
stiff, formal style.

Christ and the Apostles ; fourteen plates. 1598.
Six large plates, known by the name of the ' Master-
pieces of Goltzius.' They are executed in the style
of each of the masters he wished to imitate, and are
as follow :

The Annunciation ; in the style of Raphael.
The Visitation ; in imitation of Parmigiano.
The Annunciation ; in the manner of Sassana.
The Circumcision ; in the style of Albrecht Diirer.
The Adoration of the Magi ; in imitation of Lucas

van Lei/d?n.

The Holy Family ; in the manner of F. Sarocci.
The Nativity ; unfinished and extremely scarce. 1615.
The Adoration of the Magi.
The Murder of the Innocents ; very scarce ; the plate

was not finished.

The Repose in Egypt ; H. Goltzius fee. 1589.
The Woman of Samaria. 1589.
The Wise Men's Offering ; a curious composition.
The Infant Jesus holding a globe, with a glory of

Angels ; H. Golt: fee. 1597.
The Temptation of St. Anthony.
A Female Saint, holdiug a book ; very scarce. Some

parts of the plate are merely traced.
A set of fifty-two plates for the ' Metamorphoses ' of
Ovid. It is supposed that Goltzius was largely assisted
by his scholars in these plates.

A set of ten plates of Eight of the Heroes of ancient
Rome, with the introduction and conclusion. 1586.
Engraved in a free, bold style, with fine back-

Venus reclining against a Tree, holding a bunch of

grapes, whilst Cupid presents to her a handful of

corn ; a circular plate, of highly finished and beautiful


Three plates ; Bacchus, Venus, and Ceres ; dedicated to

Cornells van Haarlem.

Three plates ; Juno, Minerva, and Venus ; ovals. 1596.
Mars and Venus. 1585.
Three plates ; Jupiter and Juno, Neptune and Amphi-

trite, and Pluto and Proserpine.
Pygmalion and his Statue. 1593.
Mercury and Argus ; a small plate, very scarce.
Nine plates of the Muses ; each with four verses. 1592.
Three plates of the Graces.
The Three Fates ; in circular plates.
The Apollo Belvedere, with the Portrait of the De-
signer, in half-length.
The Hercules Commodus.
The Farnese Hercules.

The three prints last mentioned, after the famous an-
tique statues, are executed with surprising beauty and

Hercules holding his Club ; in the back-ground are
represented his labours. 1589. In this plate Goltzius
has overcharged the outline of the figure in the most
barbarous manner, the parts are scattered, and the
whole is without effect.
The Judgment of Midas. 1590.

The seven Cardinal Virtues ; Faith, Hope, Charity, Jus-
tice, Prudence, Fortitude, and Temperance ; in seven
Three fine plates, of Diligence, Patience, and Wisdom ;

personified by female figures.
Labour and Diligence ; represented by a male and female

figure. 1580.
An emblematical subject of Christian Prudence, in a


female figure, richly clothed ; small circular, highly

The Blind leading the Blind ; circular.

The Chariot of War ; an immense composition ; Henri-
cus Goltzius fecit ; very scarce.

The Boy and Dog. The boy is supposed to be the por-
trait of the son of Theodoor Frisius, a painter of
Venice, to whom Goltzius dedicated the print. It is
considered one of his finest plates.

Corydou and Sylvia; a pastoral.

A Mountainous Landscape, with the story of Diedalus
and Icarus ; an etching.


A Landscape, with a Cottage, and a Woman drawing

Water from a Well.
A Landscape on the sea-coast, with a large Rock, and a

Hermit kneeling.

A pastoral Landscape, with a Shepherd and Shepherdess.
A Warrior, with a Helmet and a Spear ; half-length.
Hercules slaying Cacus.
A set of seven plates of the Heathen Divinities ; fine.


St. Joachim ; after Raphael.

The Triumph of Galatea ; after the same.

Eight plates of the Heathen Divinities ; in niches ; after

the paintings by Polidoro da Caravaggio, in the


Two Sibyls ; after the same.
The Last Supper ; after Paolo Veronese. 1585.
The Marriage at Cana; after G. Salmati; in two

St. Jerome in the Desert, in meditation ; after Palma ;



The Fall of Adam and Eve ; after B. Spranger. 1585.
The dead Christ supported by an Angel ; after the

The Banquet of the Gods on the Marriage of Cupid and

Psyche ; in three sheets ; after the same.
The Venetian Ball; after Theodore Bernard; in two

The Dragon devouring the Companions of Cadmus ;

after Cornells van Haarlem. 1588.
The dead Christ, with the Four Evangelists at the

Tomb ; after A. van Blocklandt.

GOLTZIUS, HUBRECHT, (or GOLTZ,) an eminent
artist and learned antiquary, born at Venloo in
1526, was the son of an obscure painter of Wiirz-
burg, named Riidiger, who taught him the rudi-
ments of design, and placed him under the tuition
of Lambert Lombard of Lie'ge. He assumed his
mother's name of Goltz, which he Latinized into
Goltzius. Lambert Lombard had, during a long
residence in Italy, made drawings from the most
celebrated remains of antiquity : these were given
to Goltzius to copy, and they inspired him with a
wish to visit Italy himself. He therefore went to
Rome, and resided there several years. On his
return he settled at Bruges, where he published
several antiquarian works embellished with prints,
in which he was assisted by Josse Gietleugen of
Courtrai, who executed the woodcuts. Little is
known of his works as a painter, but Van Slander
commends a set of pictures by him, representing
the history of the Golden Fleece, painted for the
House of Austria. All he did must have been
executed before 1557. In 1563 he published at
Bruges his work entitled ' C. Julius Caesar,' with
forty-six copper-plates of ancient coins, &c. In
1566 he issued at Bruges another work entitled
' Fasti Magistratuum et Triumphorum Romanorum,'
with two hundred and thirty-four plates and wood-
S 2

cuts. His collected works appeared at Antwerp
in 1644-45, in five volumes, as 'Romance et GrseciE
Antiquitatis Monumenta ex priscis numismatibus
eruta.' Goltzius died at Bruges in 1583.

GOLTZIUS, JAKOB, an engraver, who was work-
ing at the close of the 16th century, was probably

Online LibraryMichael BryanBryan's dictionary of painters and engravers (Volume 2) → online text (page 68 of 77)