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a relative of Hendrik Goltzius. Two plates, en-
graved after the latter, are known of his work :
' I'allas in the midst of a number of Warriors,' and
' A young Man endeavouring to bribe an old
Woman into Love.'

GOLTZIUS, JULIUS, a son of Hendrik Goltzius,
flourished about the year 1580. The following
engravings are by him :

The Good and Bad Shepherd; a set of middle-sized

plates ; after Marten De Vos.

Christ appearing to the Magdalen ; after F. Zucchern.
Part of the plates for Boissard's * Habitus Variorum

Orbis Gentium.' 1581.

The Virgin suckling her Child ; after M. De Vos.
The Good Samaritan ; after H. ol.
The Evangelist Matthew ; after A. van Blocklandt (one

of a series of four).

GOMEZ, FRANCISCO, was the son and pupil of
Martin Gomez. He executed six pictures for the
Carmelite Friars in Granada, but in 1750 he went
to America, and died in Mexico about 1755.

GOMEZ, JACINTO, born at San Ildefonso in 1746,
was a pupil of Francisco Bayeu. He was appointed
chamber painter to Charles IV., and died in
1812. In the Madrid Gallery is a picture by
him of ' The Angelic Hierarchy adoring the Holy
Spirit.'

GOMEZ, JUAN, was a Spanish historical painter
in the service of Philip II. in 1593. He painted
the large picture of 'The Martyrdom of St. Ursula
and her Companions,' which was designed and
traced by Pellegrino Tibaldi to supply the place
of the same subject by Luca Cambiaso, which had
been removed to the old church of the Escorial.
He painted also several subjects from the Life of
St. Jerome. He restored the ' Annunciation,' and
the ' St. Jerome penitent,' by Federigo Zucchero,
which Philip had rejected, and ordered to be re-
touched. He died in 1597.

GOMEZ, JUAN DE ALFARO Y. See ALFARO.

GOMEZ, LUCIANO SALVADOR. See SALVADOR
GOMEZ.

GOMEZ, MARTIN, a Spanish painter, was a
brother of Sebastian Gomez, and flourished in the
latter part of the 16th century. He lived at
Cuenca, for the cathedral of which city he painted
several pictures.

GOMEZ, SEBASTIAN, called EL MULATO DE
MURILLO, born in 1646, was a mulatto servant
of the celebrated Murillo. From witnessing the
exercise of his master's talents he conceived a
liking for art, and passed his leisure time in
efforts to follow it, which were successful. After
the death of Murillo, in 1685, he painted some
pictures for the churches and convents at Seville.
In the portico of the convent of the Mercenaries
Descalzos, there is a painting by him of 'The
Virgin and Infant Christ'; and at the Capuchins,
'Christ bound to the Pillar.' There are several
other works by him at Seville, where he died in
1682. In the Hermitage at St. Petersburg is a
picture of ' St. Francis.'

GOMEZ, SEBASTIAN, a painter of Granada, wh<,
flourished about the middle of the 16th century, was
instructed in the school of Alonso Cano, but by no
means approached him in his workmanship. A

259



A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF



picture by him of ' The Virgin with Angels and
St. Dominick ' is at the monastery of San Pablo
at Seville, and one of 'St. Rosa of Viterbo preach-
ing ' is in the Franciscan convent at Ecija.

GOMEZ, VICENTE SALVADOR. See SALVADOR
GOMEZ.

GONDOLACH, MATTHAUS, (or GUNDELACH,) a
portrait and historical painter of Hesse-Cassel, was
for some considerable time in the service of the
Emperor Rudolph II. at Prague, and died at
Augsburg in 1653. The Vienna Gallery contains
a 'Madonna and Child with Saints,' dated 1614.

GONSALVEZ, NDNO, who was court painter to
King Alfonso of Portugal (14381481), painted the
altar of St. Vincent in the Cathedral of Lisbon,
and ' Christ at the Pillar ' in the convent of the
Trinity in the same city. He apparently studied
in Italy, as he was a good imitator of the great
masters of that country.

GONZAGA, , (or GONSAGO,) a scene-painter,

who also executed landscapes and perspective
pictures, worked for theatres in Italy, and from
1794 to 1804 in St. Petersburg. He is known to
have been living in 1827.

GONZALEZ, BAKTOLOME, was born at Valladolid
in 1564, but he visited Madrid when young, and be-
came a pupil of Patricio Caxes. He was employed
by Philip III. to paint the portraits of different
branches of the Austrian royal family, for the
palace of Pardo, and on the death of Castello he was
made painter to the king. There are many of his
works in the Escorial, at Valladolid, and at Burgos.
Of his historical works, the principal are the
angels in the church of the Augustines at Madrid ;
and an allegory of the Arts, in the royal collec-
tion. In the Madrid Gallery are portraits of Queen
Margaret of Austria, wife of Philip III., and the
Infanta Clara Isabella Eugenia, daughter of Philip
II. He died at Madrid in 1627.

GONZALEZ, CRISTOBAL, a Spanish painter, lived
at Madrid about 1590, and executed several pictures
for the convent of the Barefooted Carmelites.

GONZALEZ, FERRAN, was a painter and sculptor
of Toledo, who died in 1399.

GONZALEZ, FRANCISCO MIODEL, was an engraver,
and one of the founders of the school of design at
Seville about the year 1660.

GONZALEZ, JUAN GIACCHINETTI. See GIACCHI-
NETTI GONZALEZ.

GONZALEZ, PEDRO Bmz. See Ruiz GONZALEZ.
GONZALEZ BECERRIL, JDAN, a Spanish
painter, who lived at Toledo in the 15th century,
was the pupil of Pedro Berraguette, whose daughter
he married. He assisted his father-in-law in decorat-
ing the cloisters of Toledo cathedral in 1498.

GONZALEZ DE CEDILLO, ANTONIO, a Spanish
painter, born at Toledo about 1635, studied at
Madrid under Rizi. He then went to Rome, where
he occupied his time in copying the best masters,
and on his return to Spain painted several pictures
rich in colouring and pure in design. He d^
about 1680.

GONZALEZ DE LA VEGA, DIEGO, was born at
Madrid in 1622, and was a scholar of Francisco
Rizi, whose style he followed. After marrying
early and soon becoming a widower, he entered the
convent of the Fathers of the Saviour. There
are many of his works in the public edifices
at Madrid, and some of his easel pictures in the
private collections. In the cloister of the Francis-
cans are several pictures by him of the Life and
Passion of our Saviour ; and in the convent of the
260



Religiosas Mercenarias, are some subjects from the
Life of the Virgin. He died at Madrid in 1697.

GONZALEZ RUIZ, ANTONIO, a Spanish painter,
was instructed first under Hovasse at Madrid, and
afterwards successively in Paris, Rome, and other
Italian towns. In 1752 he was made director of
the Academy of San Fernando, and in 1757 court
painter. He died in 1785. He was a member of
the Academies of Valencia and St. Petersburg.
His pictures are to be seen in Madrid and Sala-
manca.

GONZALEZ VELAZQUEZ, ALEXANDRO, was the
second of three brothers, all painters, the sons of
Pablo Velazquez Gonzalez, a native of Andujar,
who practised carving at Madrid. He was born at
Madrid in 1719, and assisted his brother Luis in
the coronation decorations in 1746, and in many
subsequent works. He painted some frescoes in
the Bernardine and other nunneries at Madrid, and
in conjunction with one Guillermo 1'Anglois (pro-
bably a Frenchman), he painted a ceiling in the
palace from the designs of Mengs. He was also
in architect. He had just completed some scenery
:or the theatre in the Calle del Principe, when he
died at Madrid in 1772.

GONZALEZ VELAZQUEZ, ANTONIO, the young-
st of the three sons of Pablo Velazquez Gonzalez,
and the most famous, was born at Madrid in 1729.
He was sent with a pension from the crown to
study at Rome, where he became the pupil of
iaquinto Corrado, and acquired some reputation
y a fresco which he painted in the church of
the Trinitarian friars of Castile, and a picture of
the 'Anointing of King David,' which he sent to
the new Royal Academy at Madrid. In 1753 he
returned to Spain to adorn with frescoes the chapel
of Our Lady of the Pillar in the cathedral of
Zaragoza. From there he went to Madrid, and
assisted his brothers in painting the domes of
the church of the Incarnation and of the Royal
Salesian Nunnery. He likewise executed a picture
of the ' Assumption ' for the cathedral at Cuenca.
In 1754 he was made deputy - director in the
Academy, and in 1765 full director, and in 1757 he
was appointed court-painter. In the New_ Palace
he executed an allegorical fresco on the ceiling of
the Queen's ante-chamber, and in another saloon a
fresco of ' Ferdinand and Isabella receiving the
New World from the hands of Columbus.' He
executed many other paintings in oil and fresco in
various churches and convents, and as court-painter
executed several portraits, including that of Charles
III. He died at Madrid in 1793, leaving three sons,
of whom the eldest and youngest were painters,
and the second an architect.

GONZALEZ VELAZQUEZ, Luis, the eldest of
the three sons of Pablo Velazquez Gonzalez, was
born at Madrid in 1715. He was one of the earliest
students in the School of Art, established in 1744,
and in 1746 he furnished the decorations for
the streets and the theatre of Buenretiro at the
coronation of Ferdinand VI., who appointed him
his painter in ordinary. He was a member and
director of the Academy of San Fernando, and died
at Madrid in 1764. The frescoes on the dome of
the church of San Marcos were esteemed his best
work, but are pronounced to be very feeble.

GONZALEZ Y TAVE, FEDERICO, was born at
Cadiz in 1823, and showed so much talent when
young that the municipality paid his expenses to
Madrid and Paris. Upon his return he became a
successful painter of portraits, made many copies



PAINTERS AND ENGRAVERS.



of the works of Van Dyck, Velazquez, and Murillo,
and obtained great praise for his picture of ' Pedro
I. consulting his Horoscope,' now in the Cadiz
Museum. He died at Cadiz in 1867.

GOOCH, T., was an English animal painter, who
exhibited pictures of horses and dogs at the Royal
Academy from 1777 to 1802, when he retired to
Lyndhurst in Hampshire.

GOOD, THOMAS SWORD, an English genre painter,
born at Berwick in 1789, was brought up as a
house-painter, but subsequently devoted himself to
art, and produced works in the style of Wilkie.
He came to London, and exhibited at the Royal
Academy from 1820 to 1833, when having inherited
some property he retired to Berwick, where he died
in 1872. Amongst his works are :

A Scotch Shepherd. 1820.

Practice. 1823.

Music.

Fishermen.

The Industrious Mother.

Idlers. 1829.

The Truant. 1830.

Medicine. 1831.

The Newspaper. "\

No News. (.(Rational Gallery, London.)

Fisherman with a Gun. ( v
Study of a Boy. J

GOODALL, EDWARD, a line-engraver, was born
at Leeds in 1795. Entirely self-taught, he at an
early age practised both engraving and painting,
but having attracted the attention of Turner, he
received from that master a commission to engrave
from his pictures as many plates as he would
undertake, and by these engravings Edward Goodall
is chiefly known. Among the best may be men-
tioned those after the great landscape painter's
1 Tivoli,' 'Cologne,' ' Caligula's Bridge,' ' Old London
Bridge,' and ' Richmond Hill,' and others in the
' England and Wales ' and ' Southern Coast ' series,
besides some of the exquisite little vignettes
illustrating Rogers's ' Italy ' and ' Poems.' He
also engraved many plates for the ' Art Journal,'
and several after the works of his son, Frederick
Goodall, R. A. He died in London in 1870, leaving
behind a family of artists, three of his sons being
well-known painters, and one of his daughters
having exhibited several pictures at the Royal
Academy. Besides his plates after Turner, the
following are his most important works:

Raising the Maypole ; after Frederick Goodall.

The Swing ; after the same.

The Angel's Whisper ; after the samt.

The Soldier's Dream ; after the same.

The Piper ; after the same. (Art Union of London.)

A Summer Holiday ; after the same.

Cranmer at the Traitor's Gate ; after the same.

The Happy Days of Charles the First ; after the same.

The Castle of Ischia ; after Stanfteld, (Art Union of

London.)

The Bridge of Toledo ; after David Roberts.
Amalfi ; after G. E. Herring.
The Chalk Waggoner ; after Rosa Bcmheur.
Evening; a composition; after Cuyp. (Pye's National

Gallery.)

An Italian Sea-Port; after Claude Lorrain. (The same.)
The Marriage Festival of Isaac and Rebecca ; after the

same. (The same.)

The Market Cart; after Gainsborough. (Tlie same.)
The Ferry ; after F. R. Lee. (Finden's Royal Gallery of

British Art.)

GOODALL, FREDERICK TREVELYAN, the eldest
son of Frederick Goodall, R.A., born in 1848, was
a student of the Royal Academy, where he gained,
in 1870, the gold medal for his painting of ' The



Return of Ulysses.' He soon after went to Italy,
but unhappily lost his life by an accident at Capri
in 1871.

GOODALL, HOWARD, the second son of Frederick
Goodall, R.A., was bora in 1849. He exhibited at
the Royal Academy in 1870, ' Nydia in the House
of Glaucus,' and in 1873, ' Capri Girls winnowing.'
This promising young artist died at Cairo in 1874.

GOODALL, WALTER, youngest son of Edward
Goodall, the engraver, and brother of Frederick
Goodall, R.A., and Edward A. Goodall, R.S.W.,
was born in 1830. He studied at the Government
School of Design and the Royal Academy, and
restricted himself to water-colour painting. In
1853 he was elected an Associate of the Royal
Society of Painters in Water-Colours, and in 1861
became a full member of the Society, in which he
took an active interest, and in whose Gallery he
almost exclusively exhibited. In 1875, after an
attack of paralysis, his health gave way, and he
painted but little afterwards, retiring in 1887 from
the Society, and dying in 1889 at Clapham, near
Bedford. His subjects were chosen for the most
part from rural life, and he treated them in a refined
and somewhat idealized way ; delicacy rather
than vigour being the characteristic of his figure-
drawing. He drew many of the pictures in the
Vernon Gallery for engraving for the 'Art
Journal.'

GOODRICKE, MATTHEW, (or GOTHERICKE,) is
mentioned as a painter in the reign of Charles I.
of England.

GOODWIN, EDWARD, a landscape painter in
water-colours, exhibited at the Royal Academy from
1802 to 1808. In 1806, he was an unsuccessful
candidate for admission to the Water-Colour Society,
but exhibited at its open exhibitions from 1814 to
1816.

GOODYEAR, JOSEPH, a line-engraver, was born
at Birmingham in 1799. He came to London, and
studied under Charles Heath, and was subsequently
employed on Finden's ' Royal Gallery of British
Art,' for which he engraved the ' Greek Fugitives,'
after Eastlake. He also executed several plates
for the ' Keepsake.' He died in London in 1839.

GOOL, JAN VAN, a Dutch painter and writer on
art, born at the Hague in 1685, studied under
Terwesten and Simon van der Does. His cattle
pieces are praiseworthy, but not to be considered
as masterpieces. He is better known by his ' Lives
of the Artists of the Netherlands,' published in 1718,
in continuation of the work of Houbraken. He
died at the Hague in 1763. In the Rotterdam
Museum is a picture of a 'Girl milking a Cow.'

GOOVAERTS, HENDRIK, a Flemish painter, was
born at Mechlin in 1669, but on his father's death
he went to reside in Antwerp, where he com-
menced his artistic studies. In his twentieth year
he travelled through Germany, exercising his art
in Frankfort and other cities. He then went to
Prague and Vienna, at each of which cities he
resided about three years, and then travelled
through Hungary and Slavonia. After an absence
of nearly ten years he returned to Antwerp in 1699,
when he was made free of the Corporation of St.
Luke. He died at Antwerp in 1720. In the
Antwerp Gallery is a picture of the ' Junior Archers'
Guild inaugurating the portrait of their chief, Jean
Charles de Cordes,' dated 1713.

GORDON, Sir JOHN WATSON, a Scotch portrait
painter, the eldest son of Captain James Watson,
It N , was born at Edinburgh in 1790. He was

261



A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF



j



originally intended for the army, but having studied
in the Trustees' Academy, he preferred an artistic
career, and at first turned his attention to historical
painting. It was not long, however, before the
exigencies of life compelled him to devote himself
to portraiture, and on the death of Raeburn in
1823, he became the chief portrait painter in Scot-
land, when he assumed the name of Gordon. He
had a considerable share in the foundation of the
Royal Scottish Academy, of which he was one of
the earliest members, and he became its president
in 1850, at the same time being knighted and
appointed Queen's ' Limner.' His works were also
exhibited in London, where he was elected an
Associate of the Royal Academy in 1841, and an
Academician in 1850. He died at Edinburgh in
1864. Amongst his portraits are the following:

Earl of Hopetoun. 1 , , ,,-,.,,,

Earl of Dalhousie. ) Archers Hal1 , Edinburgh.

Principal Lee. (Edinburgh University.)

Sir James Hall. (Royal Society, Edinburgh.)

Lord Murray.

Lord Cockburn.

Sir William Gibson Craig, Bart.

Sir John George Shaw Lefevre.

Sir William Johnston, Lord Provost
of Edinburgh.

Lord Eutherfurd. (^ atwnal Gallery

Sir Walter Scott, Bart, (unfinished). / & <> tl

A Grandfather's Lesson.

Roderick Gray, Provost of Peter-
head.

Fancy Portrait of a Lady in White
Satin.

Professor Ferrier. (United College, St. Andrews.)

Sir David Brewster. (National Gallery.)

David Cox. (Birmingham and Midland Institute.)

Thomas De Quincey. (\ational Portrait Gallery.)

GORDOT, CLAUDE MARIE, was a French painter
of the 18th century, by whom there is in the
Musee Calvet, at Avignon, a picture of the Pope's
Palace at Avignon, dated 1774.

GORE, CHARLES, an English marine draughts-
man, flourished about the end of the 18th century.
There are several of his drawings in the Cracherode
Collection in the British Museum.

GORGASUS, an ancient Greek modeller and
painter, was engaged along with Damophilus,
about B.C. 490, in adorning the Temple of Ceres at
the Circus Maximus in Rome in both branches of
his art. It is stated that he worked upon the
left and Damophilus upon the right side of the
edifice.

GORI, ANGIOLO, a Florentine painter of the 17th
century, painted genre subjects, and fruit and
flower pictures. He was a pupil of Chiavistelli,
and in 1658 was engaged with others in decorating
the corridor of the Public Gallery at Florence.

GORIZ, CHRISTIAN, was a native of Vienna, who
flourished in the 17th century, and painted Italian
views.

GORTZIUS. See GELDOKP.

GOSLING, WILLIAM, landscape and figure
painter, was born in 1824. He took to painting
somewhat late in life, but in 1852 he was elected
a member of the Society of British Artists ; he
exhibited frequently with that body, and with the
Royal Academy. He died at Wargrave, Heliley-
on-Thames, December 6, 1883.

GOSSART, JEAN, son of Simon, a bookbinder,
was born about 1472 at Maubeuge, a small town in
Hainault. It is not known where he learnt his art,
but in 1503 he was admitted as free master into
the Guild of St. Luke at Antwerp, his name in the

262



register being entered as Jennyn van Heneyouwe
(John of Hainault). He signed his early pictures
Jennyn Gossart, but later on he adopted the Latin
form loannes Malbodius (John of Maubeuge). Once
in the register of the Guild of Our Lady at Middel-
burg he is entered as Jan de Waele (John the
Walloon). At Antwerp he fell under the influence
of Quentin Metsys. In 1508 he went to Rome with
his patron Philip of Burgundy, Admiral of Flanders ;
starting from Mechlin on October 26, 1508, they
visited Verona and Florence on their way to the
Eternal City, where, after the return of Philip,
Gossart remained copying works of art for him
until July 1509, when he set out for the Nether-
lands, arriving at Middleburg in November. There,
at Philip's castle of Zuytburg, he and Jacques de
Barbary were employed painting for Philip. In
1515 he was at Mechlin, and again in 1516, when he
painted the portrait of Leonora of Austria, sister of
Charles V. When Philip became Bishop of Utrecht,
Gossart was employed in painting for him at his
palace of Duerstede. After Philip's death on April 7,
1 524, he entered the service of Adolphus of Burgundy,
Marquis of Veere, at Ter Veere ; there he was in
close relations with Christian II., who had been
driven out of Denmark, as also with Lambert
Lombard of Li^ge, and Luke of Leyden, with the
latter of whom he travelled through the Low
Countries. In 1526 he designed the tomb of
Isabella of Austria, Christian's Queen, in the abbey
church of St. Peter at Ghent. Gossart died in
August 1533, and his widow, Margaret De Mole-
naere, in 1536 ; their son, Peter, was still a minor
in 1537.

Gossart varied his style at different periods of
his life. The best specimen of his earlier purely
Netherlandish manner is the ' Adoration of the
Magi ' in the possession of Lord Carlisle, at Naworth,
a work remarkable for its warm and brilliant colour-
ing, and for the elaborate finish of every detail of
the costumes, but lacking depth of feeling. The
'St. Luke painting the Blessed Virgin and Child,'
formerly in the cathedral of Mechlin, now in that of
Prague, is a fine specimen of his composite style of
Italianized Netherlandish art. One of his most
celebrated pictures was a large triptych repre-
senting the ' Descent from the Cross ' painted for
Maximilian of Burgundy, Abbot of the Premonstra-
tensian monastery of Our Lady and St. Nicholas
at Middelburg, which Diirer saw and admired in
December 1520, the composition of which, he says,
was not as good as the execution ; it perished in
the flames when the church was burnt on January
24,1568. Gossart's portraits are remarkable. Other
paintings :

Amsterdam. Museum. Portrait of a Knight of the
Order of the Golden Fleece.
(A replica in the possession
of Percy Macquoid, Esq.)
Berlin. Gallery. Adam and Eve in Paradise.

Neptune and Amphitrite.

1516.

The Blessed Virgin and Child

with cherries ; under influ-
ence of Andrea Solaria.
(A replica at Oldenburg.)

,, The Blessed Virgin offering

grapes to the Child.

,, A maiden weighing a gold

piece.

Dresden. Gallery. Adoration of the Magi ; SS.

Dominic and Luke. (For-
merly in the church of St.
Luke outside Genoa).



PAINTERS AND ENGRAVERS.



Hampton Court. Palace.



London. National Gallery.

M

Madrid. Prado Gallery.



Munich.



Munster.
Oldenburg.

Palermo.
Paris.

Prague.



Pinakothek.



Museum.
Gallery.

Museum.
Louvre.

Cathedral.



The three children of Chris-
tian II., King of Denmar
(of which the Duke of Leed
has a replica).

Adam and Eve in Paradise
(A replica at Berlin. )

Portrait of a man holding i
rosary.

Portrait of a man holding hi
gloves.

The Blessed Virgin and Chili
enthroned ; presented ti
Philip II. in 1888 by thi
municipality of Louvain
(A replica in the'possessior
of the Earl of Northtrook.

Christ, the Blessed Virgin
and St. John.

A donor protected hy St
Michael.

Danati receiving the shower o:
gold. 1527.

The Blessed Virgin and Chile
enthroned. 1527.

The Blessed Virgin and Child

The Blessed Virgin anc
Child, with cherries.

The Blessed Virgin and Child
enthroned, with Angels.

The Blessed Virgin anc
Child, with portrait ol
John Carondelet, Dean of
Besan^on. (Diptych.)

St. Luke painting the Blessed
Virgin and Child. 1515.

Hercules and Omphale. 1516.

St. Donatian ; painted for
Canon John de Carondelet,
Chancellor of Flanders.

Hercules throwing Anteus ;
after Pollaiuolo. 1523.

St. Luke painting the Blessed

Virgin and Child.

The Circumcision.

The Blessed Virgin and Child

enthroned.

GOSSE, NICOLAS Louis FRANCOIS, a French his-
torical and portrait painter, was born in Paris in
1787. He studied under Vincent in the Ecole des
Beaux- Arts, and died at Soncourt in 1878. His
best pictures are :

The Adoration of the Magi.
The Birth of Christ.
St. Vincent of Paola.

The Death of St. Vincent Ferrer. ( Vannes Cathedral.)
Napoleon receiving the Queen of Prussia at Tilsit.
The Meeting of Napoleon and the Emperor Alexander
at Erfurt.

GOSSELIN, CHARLES, French landscape painter;
born in Paris, January 26, 1834. He was a pupil
of Gleyre, and subsequently of Charles Busson.
He exhibited his first pictures in 1863, and from
that date onward he was a constant contributor to
the Salon. It was from the Jura, La Somme, and
L'lle-Adam, where he had long resided, that he
was able to find subjects for his brush ; and later
on, in 1882, when appointed keeper of the Ver-
sailles Museum, the park furnished him with a



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