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Sunday Morning in Brittany.

Women of the Pyrenees.

GUILLEMOT, ALEXANDRE CHARLES, a French
historical painter, was born in Paris in 1786. He
was a pupil of Allais and of David, and in 1808
obtained the 'prix de Rome' for his picture of
Philip, the physician, discovering the cause of
Antiochus's illness in his love for Stratonice.' In
1819, after hie return from Rome, a first-class medal
was awarded to Guillemot for his picture of ' Christ
raising the Widow's Son at Nain.' His last im-
portant work was the 'Stoning of St. Stephen.'
In the Palace at Compiegne is a picture of ' MarH
surprising Rhea Sylvia.' He died in Paris in 1831.

GUILLEROT , a French landscape painter,

289



A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF



who flourished in the 17th century, was a pupil
of Fouquieres, and worked with considerable success
under Sebastien Bourdon at the Tuileries.

GUILLO, VICENTE, a painter of the Valencian
school, was born at Alcala de Gilbert, about 1660,
and at one time lived at Barcelona. The hospital
of Santa Tecla at Tarragona possessed a good
1 Adoration of the Kings,' dated 1690. He executed
some frescoes in the Sagrario of his native town,
in the hermitage of San Pablo at Albocacer, and
in the church of San Juan del Mercado at Valencia,
where he is said to have died in 1701 of disap-
pointment at having been superseded by Palomino.
AGUSTIN GUILLO, who does not appear to have been
related to Vicente, contributed about the same
time some indifferent frescoes to the same church,
and to the Dominican convent at Valencia. The
latter left a son, FLORENCIO GUILLO, a painter
even feebler than himself.

GDINACCIA, DEODATO, born at Messina about
the year 1510, became the best and most renowned
pupil of Polidoro da Caravaggio, when he visited
that city, after the sacking of Rome. After the
death of Polidoro he was engaged to complete the
fine picture of the ' Nativity,' in the church of
Alto Basso, which was left unfinished by that
master. In the church of the Pellegrini is a picture
of Guinaccia's own composition, representing the
'Trinity,' and another of the 'Transfiguration' is
in San Salvatore de' Greci. He founded a school
which flourished for a long time in Messina, and
many of its scholars attained celebrity.

GOIRRI, VICENTE, a native of Valencia, became
a friar in the Augustine convent of that city in
1608, and devoted his time to prayer and penitence,
and to the execution of devotional pictures within
its walls, till 1640, when he died.

GUIRRO, FRANCISCO, a Spanish historical painter,
was born at Barcelona in 1630, and died there in
1700. His principal work was a ' St. Monica,' in
the convent of the Recollets, which places him in
the first rank of the better Spanish artists.

GUISONI, FERMO, a native of Mantua, who
worked between the years 1540 and 1568, was
educated in the school of Giulio Romano. He
became one of the favourite disciples of that
great master, from whose cartoons he painted in
the dome of the cathedral the ' Calling of St. Peter
and St. Andrew to the Apostleship,' esteemed one
of the finest compositions of Giulio. In the church
of Sant' Andrea, there is a fine picture of his own
composition, representing the ' Crucifixion.'

GUISONI, RINALDO, who was possibly a brother
of Fermo Guisoni, and waa a pupil of Giulio
Romano, flourished at Mantua in the 16th century.

GUITARD, PEDRO, a Spanish painter, was born
in Catalonia about 1540. In 1576 79. he executed
six pictures in oil from the life of St. Peter, for the
high altar of the church of San Pedro, at Reus.

GUIZZARDI, GIUSEPPE, an Italian painter, born
at Bologna in 1779, made himself famous by a
picture of ' .^Esculapius,' which is now in the
Museum of that city. He died at Bulogna in
1867.

GULDENMUND, HANS, an old German en-
graver on wood, flourished at Nuremberg from
about 1520 to 1540. His works are extremely
numerous, more than 200 being known, of which
the best are, ' The Triumphal Procession of Charles
V. in 1537,' and a bust portrait of Hans Sachs.
The first work which brought him into notice, and
which appeared in 1526, was an emblematical print

'-'90



of ' The Course of the World,' in which Greed, as
the companion of Tyranny, is flaying an Ass, which
throws out its legs, and brings Dissimulation to
the ground.

GULICH, JOHN PERCIVAL, a well-known black-
and-white artist. Born at Wimbledon in 1865,
he was educated at the Charterhouse and then,
entered his father's office in Mincing Lane, where
he spent most of his time drawing caricatures on
his blotting-paper, and eventually had one of his
sketches accepted by a comic journal. After
four years he gave up his office stool and came
rapidly to the front as an illustrator, though he had
but a slight training at the evening classes at
Heatherley's. He worked for the ' Graphic ' and
' Harper's Magazine,' whilst his charming drawing
of 'A Violin Obbligato,' exhibited at the Royal
Institute, brought about his election to membership
of that Society. He was also a gifted musician,
and his untimely death from typhoid fever, con-
tracted whilst on a holiday tour in 1899, was much
deplored. P. P,

GUL1ELMUS, a painter, who flourished about
1138, worked in the cathedral of Sarzana, and also,
it is believed, executed the figures upon the facade
of that at Modena.

GULSTON, ELIZABETH, was an English amateur
etcher in the beginning of the 19th century, who
copied several of her father's collection of por-
traits at Baling Grove, and exhibited at the Royal
Academy from 1795 to 1801. She died before 1840.

GULTLINGER, JOHANNES GUMPOLT, (GUT-
LINGER, or GILTLINGER,) a painter of the 15th
century, was probably born at Augsburg. Several
altar-pieces by him are still in St. Ulrich's Church
in that city. He was paid 400 florins for his
work upon St. Michael's altar, which is a sufficient
evidence of the value set upon his productions.

GUNDELACH, MATTHAUS. See GONDOLACH.

GUNKEL, FRIEDEICH, a native of Cassel, painted
historical subjects in the style of Cornelius, among
which may be named the ' Battle of the Granicus.'
He died by suicide at Rome in 1876.

GUNST, PIETER VAN, a Dutch line-engraver,
was born at Amsterdam about the year 1667, and
died in 1724. He worked entirely with the graver,
and from the style of his prints, it is probable that
he formed it upon that of the Drevets. His best
plates are his portraits, and they form the larger part
of his productions. His greatest work was a set of
ten full-length portraits, after Van Dyck, of -Charles
I., his Queen, and some of the English nobility.
Arnold Houbraken, the father of the celebrated
engraver of that name, came to England to make
the drawings from the pictures. Van Gunst also-
engraved a set of portraits for Larrey's ' History of
England.' The following are his principal plates :

PORTRAITS AFTER VAN DTCK.

Charles I.

Queen Henrietta Maria.

William Villiers, Viscount Grandisoa.

Lucy Percy, Countess of Carlisle.

Viscount Chaworth.

Margaret Smith, Lady Herbert.

Ann, Countess of Chesterfield.

Lady Wharton.

Elizabeth, Countess of Lindsey.

Arthur Goodwin, of Winchendon, Bucks.

VARIOUS PORTRAITS.

King William III. ; after Brandon.
Queen Mary II. ; after the samt.



PAINTERS AND ENGRAVERS.



Queen Anne ; after Kneller.

George, Prince of Denmark ; nfttr Wining.

John Churchill, Duke of Ma'rlborough ; aftir A. van

der Werff.

George I. ; after Kneller.
Earl of Peterborough ; after the same.
John Locke ; after Greenhill,
John Dryden ; after Biley.

He also engraved nine plates of the 'Loves of the
Gods,' after Titian, the same subjects that Smith
has scraped in mezzotint.

GUNTHER, CHRISTIAN AUGUST, a designer arid
etcher on copper, was born at Pirna in 1760, am]
died at Dresden in 1824. He first drew from
nature, but Professor Zingg observed his talent
and took him into his school. His coloured draw-
ings won much admiration at the Dresden Aca-
demical exhibitions. He also painted portraits iu
pastel. His etchings were mostly landscapes
among them are 'The Baggage Waggon,' after
Zingg, and two after Wouwerman and Dietrich
for the third volume of the Dresden Gallery.

GUNTHER, MATTHAUS, (or MATHA GINDTER,)
was born at Bisenberg in Bavaria in 1705, and after
studying under Cosmas Dainian Asam in Munich,
took to imitating the style of Johann Holzer, with
whom also he passed some time. He was director
of the old Academy at Augsburg, where he died in
1791. His best known productions were ceiling
pictures in churches and halls.

GUNTHER, OTTO EDMUND, a German decorative
painter, born at Halle in 1838, and a pupil of
Preller and Von Ramberg. He was educated at
the Dusseldorf Academy, and at the Art School
of Weimar, gained a gold medal at Berlin, and
eventually became a Professor at Konigsberg.
The Franco-German war gave him many oppor-
tunities for indulging his passion for painting war
and military scenes, and he went with the troops
to Versailles, where he was constantly at work
painting the events of the campaign. On his
return to Berlin he devoted himself more to pure
genre paintings, and exhibited 'A Thuringian
Family Scene,' ' A Wedding Procession in Thurin-
gia,' 'Grandpapa, a Kiss,' and 'Disputing Theo-
logians.' He executed some fine decorative work
in Cologne and Leipsic, and died in 1884.

GURK, EDUARD, an Austrian painter, born at
Vienna in 1802, accompanied the Archduke Fried-
rich on the expedition to Syria, and on remaining
there for the sketching of memorable spots, he
died of the plague in 1841. His chief works are
architectural views in water-colours, which are in
the possession of the Emperor of Austria.

GURL1TT, LUDWIG, Danish landscape painter,
born at Altona, March 8, 1812, had for masters his
father, then Gensler of Hamburg, and Bendixen.
He visited Denmark, Sweden and Norway, but
in 1837 went to Munich and then into Italy. On
his return to Copenhagen he was elected member
of the Danish Academy. After fresh travels through
Mid-Europe, he settled in Vienna, where the sister
of the novelist, Fanny Lewald, became his third
wife in 1847. He again visited Italy in 1855,
Greece in 1858, and then settled near Gotha,
making sketching tours to Holstein, Portugal
and Spain. In 1873 he passed to Dresden, and
resided near that town. The best of his land-
scapes, which mostly have Italian _ scenery for
their subjects, belonged to King Christian VIII.,
or to the Museum of Copenhagen, and others were
owned by the King of Hanover and Empress

U 2



Dowager of Russia. He died in 1898, in the
eighty-fifth year of his age.

GUTEKUNST, JOHANN GOTTLOB. a painter and
photographer, was born at Tubingen in 1801. Ho
manifested an early taste for art, and received assist-
ance from King William of Wurtemberg, which
enabled him to study for three years in Italv,
and at the end of that term he adorned his patron's
pleasure-palace at Rosenstein with frescoes repre-
senting the story of ; Cupid and Psyche.' After
1849 he associated photography with water-colour
painting. He died at Stuttgart in 1858.

GUTERBOCK, LEOPOLD, was a German genre
painter, who died at Berlin in 1881. His mediaeval
subjects are often very humorous.

GUTIERREZ, ESTAOIO, was a native of Val-
ladolid, who was appointed painter to Philip III
in 1605. He died at Madrid in 1609.

GUTIERREZ, GENNABO, engraved some plates
for the ' Museo Florentine,' and a large upright
plate of the ' Virgin and Infant in the Clouds,'
after Carlo Maratti, executed in a neat style, in
the manner of Johann Jakob Frey, though in-
ferior. He flourished about the year 1760.

GUTIERREZ, JUAN SIMON, was born in Seville
about 1644, and succeeded in copying Murillo's
style of colouring so exactly that it is sometimes
difficult to distinguish their productions. The
drawing of his pictures, however, is very inferior.
In the Liverpool Institution is a picture of 'St.
Francis in ecstacy,' and in the Seville Gallery one
of ' Christ surrounded by the Virgin and Angels.'

GUTIERREZ, El Licenciado PEDRO, was a
Spanish engraver who lived at Granada about the
middle of the 17th century. Engravings by him
are contained in the ' Life of St. Eufrasio,' by An-
tonio Ton-ones de Robres, published in 1657.

GUTLINGER, JOHANNES GUMPOLT. See GULT-

LINGER.

GUTTENBERG, HEINRICH. a German engraver,
the brother and pupil of Karl Gottlieb Guttenberg,
was born at Wohrd, near Nuremberg, in 174'J.
Through his pupils Geissler and Reindel he founded
a new school of engraving at Nuremberg. He lived
many years in Paris, returning home, however, on
the outbreak of the Revolution, but again repairing
to the French capital after order was restored. He
died at Nuremberg in 1818. He engraved several
platea in the style of his brother ; among them are
the following:

St. Francis ; after Eemfmimlt.

The Burgomaster ; after the same.

Charles V. ; aftir fan Dyck.

The Deposition from the Croas ; after Rubeni.

The Women below the Gateway ; aftir lieija.

A Dutch Family ; after the same.

A Repose in Egypt ; after Barocci.

A Mountainous Landscape ; after Dietrich.

GUTTENBERG, KARL GOTTLIEB, a German en-
graver, was born at Wohrd, near Nuremberg, in
1743. He was the elder brother of Heinrich
Guttenberg, and a pupil of J. G. Wille, at Paris,
and has engraved several plates, in the neat style
of that artist. From 1780 till the Revolution he
lived in Paris, but afterwards returned to Nurem-
berg, where he died in 1790. His principal works
were the plates he executed for the ' Voyage pitto-
resque du Royaume de Naples,' by the Abbe do
St. Non. There are also by him :

Portrait of Catharine II., Empress of Russia ; after

Rotari.
Wilhelm Tell ; after Fussti.

291



PAINTERS AND ENGRAVERS.



Le petit Boudeur ; after Greuze.

L'Invoeation a 1' Amour ; after Theolon.

The Chemist ; after Mien's.

The Dance ; after P. Hot.

The Evening Party ; after Rembrandt.

The Death of General "Wolfe ; neatly copied from the
print by Woollett.

Two Views in Switzerland ; after Schut:.

The Eruption of Monte Novo ; after Frayonard.

The Harbour of Ostend.

GDTTENBRUNN, L., was a native of Dresden,
who came to England about the year 1789. He
painted portraits and small historical subjects, and
exhibited at the Royal Academy from 1790 to
1795, when he went to St. Petersburg, by the recom-
mendation of the Russian Ambassador. He was a
member of the Academy of Florence, whence it
may be presumed that he had studied in Italy.

GUYARD, ADELAIDE. See VINCENT.

GUYOT, LAURENT, a French engraver, born in
Paris in 1756, was a pupil of Le Grand and Tillard.
He died in 1806.

GUZMAN, JOSEF COBO Y. See Couo.

GUZMAN, JUAN DE, known as Fray JDAN DEL
SANTISIMO SACRAMENTO, was born at La Puente de
Don Gonzalo, near Cordova, in 1611. After study-
ing some time at Cordova he went to Rome, but
did not devote much attention to the antique, or
the works of Raphael ; colouring, and mathematics
as applicable to architecture and perspective, being
his chief objects. He returned to Spain in 1634,
and went to reside in Seville ; where he signalized
himself more by turbulence, and dexterity in the
management of arms, than in the skilful use of the
pencil. The consequence was, that having taken
part in a revolt, and having been unsuccessful, he
was obliged to seek refuge in the convent of the
Carmelitas Calzados, or Shod Carmelites, and assume
the habit as a lay brother. His restless character
caused him soon to be sent from that establishment
to the Carmelitas Descalzos, or Barefooted Carmel-
ites, and he received orders to reside in the convent
of Aguilar, where a severer discipline effected a
change in his behaviour, and he now appeared in
the character of a humble and pious monk. He
took the name of Fray Juan del Santisimo Sacra-
mento, and had permission to exercise his talent
as a painter in decorating the walls of the con-
vent, and other establishments appertaining to the
order. At intervals he employed himself in trans-
lating Pietro Accolti' s ' Practical Perspective ' from
Italian into Spanish, to which he added notes cor-
recting the errors of the author; and it is said



that he even engraved plates illustrative of the
work, which, however, was never published. In
1666 he went to Cordova to paint pictures for
the monastery of his order in that city, which
he accomplished so much to the satisfaction of the
bishop, that he retained him to decorate his
episcopal palace, and other places in his diocese.
He remained at Cordova till 1676, when he returned
to his convent at Aguilar, where he died in 1680.
His merit as a painter is but small.

GUZMAN, PEDRO DE, called GDZMAN EL Coxo
(' the lame '), was a Spanish painter of the begin-
ning of the 17th century, a pupil of Patricio Caxes,
who was also court-painter to Philip III., and
helped to decorate for him the Palace of El Pardo.

GWINN, JAMES, born in the county of Kildare,
was originally a coach painter. He came to
London in 1755, and gained his livelihood by
decorating the lids of snuff-boxes in enamel. He
fell into great want, and was found dead in his
room in 1769.

GYLES, HENRY, a glass painter, who also
painted historical subjects and landscapes, worked
chiefly at York, where he resided from 1640 to
1700, and established a school of glass painting.
His own portrait in crayons, by himself, is in the
British Museum.

GYSBRECHTS, CORNELIUS N., was a painter of
Hamburg at the beginning of the 17th century.
In Schleissheim Palace is a painting by him of
' Transiency, with her Attributes,' by the side of
his own portrait ; whilst in Augsburg there is a
' Vanitas ' by him. He succeeded well with sub-
jects of still-life, of which specimens are to be
seen in the Cassel Gallery.

GYSELS, PEETER, (GYSENS, GYZELS, or GYZENS,)
a Flemish painter, born at Antwerp in 1621, was a
pupil of J. Boots. He entered the Guild of St. Luke
in 1642, becoming a master therein in 1649, and
wag most successful in painting flowers, fruit, still-
life, and small landscapes. He died at Antwerp in
1690 or 1691. Among his best works are:



Amsterdam,
Antwerp.

Berlin.

Brussels.

Dresden.



jlfuseum.
Gallery.

Gallery.
Gallery.
Gallery.



Hague. JIuseum.

London. Bute Coll.
Petersburg. Hennitaye.



A Town.

Still Life (known as ' Le Cercueil
de Pierre Gysels ').

View of a Village Street.

Dead Game in a Landscape.

Five Rustic Scenes, two Land-
scapes, and one still-life piece.

Game, with Hunting Implements.

Dead Game.

A Garden.



END OF VOL. II.



Jticttard Clan * &. Limited, London Bungay.



References







Online LibraryMichael BryanBryan's dictionary of painters and engravers (Volume 2) → online text (page 77 of 77)