Michael Bryan.

Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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FOE the present edition of Bryan's " Dictionary of P&inters and Engravers," the two editors
thus divide the responsibility : for the general form of the -work, as well as the whole
of the first volume and the letter L in the second volume, Mr. E. E. Graves is responsible ;
for the rest, Mr. Walter Armstrong.

Since the appearance of the last edition in 1849, the development of connoisseurship, chiefly
through the help of photography; and the publication of many valuable works on art and
I artists, embodying the results of careful research among city records, guild books, and church
registers, particularly in Italy and in the Netherlands, has furnished much new material for
i|!,' the correction and enlargement of such a dictionary as this. More especially are the Editors
indebted to the invaluable works of Messrs. Crowe and Cavalcaselle, Burckhardt, Milanesi, and
Morelli on the Italian painters, of Messrs. Crowe and Cavalcaselle, Weale, Bredius, Bode and
Kramm on Flemish and Dutch art, and of the late Sir William Stirling Maxwell and D.
Pedro de Madrazo, on the artists of Spain.

Dealing, as a dictionary does, with facts rather than with criticism, the labours of preceding
writers must necessarily be used with a frequency which makes special acknowledgment in
every case impossible, but the Editors trust they will not be found to have placed themselves
under any obligations that may not be frankly acknowledged.

Besides the addition of a large number of names, new authority has been given to every one
of the old entries by a careful revision, and in most instances by important changes. In several
cases the notices have been supplied by contributors specially qualified for the task ; a list of
these, with their distinguishing initials, is given below.

Among the improvements is a more scientific arrangement of the names, of which the
foUowing is the plan : —


I. Every artist having a surname is placed under that surname. Assumed

names and sobriquets are given in cross-reference when needed.

e. g. The artist commonly Icnown as —

Correggio will he found under ... Alleqei, Antonio

Giorgione „ „ ... Barbaeblli, Giorgio

Pinturicchio „ „ ... Biagio, Bernardino

Sebastiano del Piombo „ ... Luoiani, Sebastiano

Tintoretto „ „ ... Eobusti, Jaoopo

Titian „ ,, ... Vboebli, Tiziano

(a) When the prefix to a name is an aeticle it is retained, because it is an integral
part of the name; but when a preposition it is rejected. Thus, the French Le
and La, the Spanish Los and Las, and the Dutch and Flemish De are accepted ;
while the I^ench de, the Italian da and di, the German von, and the Dutch van
are rejected.

e.g. OhaxlQs'LQ'&rmi will he found under ... Le Bedn, Charles

Jan David De Heem ,, ,, ... De Heem, Jan David

Jean Francois de Troy ,, ,, ... Tkot, Jean Franjois de

Heinrioh von Hess ,, ,, ... Hess, Heinrich von

Isaac van Ostade „ ,, ... Ostadb, Isaac van

(6) When an article is joined to or preceded by a preposition, as in the French du,

de la, and des, the Italian del, della, dai, dalle, and degli, the Spanish del and de la,

the Portuguese dal, and the Dutch Van de and Van der, they are together treated as

an article : for, in order to retain the article, we are forced to retain the preposition

as well.

e. g. Alphonse du Fresnoy will he found under Du Feesnoy, Alphonse

Laurent de La Hire ,, ,, ... De La Hike, Laurent

Niccol6 deir Abbate ,, ,, ... Dell' Abbate, Niccol6

Alonso del Baroo ,, ,, ... Del Barco, Alonso

Willem van de.Velde ,, ,, ... Van de Velde, Willem

(c) English artists hearing foreign names are placed under the prefix whether it be a
preposition or not.
e. g. 7ster 1)6 ^mt will he found under ... De Wint, Peter

{d) Proper names with the prefix St. are placed as though the word were written in full,
Saint ; and M' and M" are arranged as Mac.

(e) Foreign compound names are arranged under the first name.

e.g. 'B3.-pt\st& kuhvy-lif^comi^ will he found under Aubrt-Lbcomte, Baptiste
Juan Cano de Arevalo ,, ,, „ Cano de Aeevalo, Juan

II. An artist having no surname is placed under the name of the place from which

he is known.

e.g. A.rAxta.di&'&olognvi, will he found under ... Bologna, Andrea da


Or, failing that, under his own Christian name.

0. g. Andrea del Sarto will he found under
Fra Bartolommeo ,, „ „

Andkea d'Agnolo
Baetolommeo di Pagholo

in. Anonymous artists known as the Master of the Grab, the Master of the Die, the
Master of the Bat-trap, will be found under the common title of Master.


W. A.

Walter Armstrong.

0. J. D.

0. J. DuUea.

B. E. G. ...

Robert Edmund Graves.

M.M. H. ...

Mary M. Heaton.

J. P. R.

J. P. Eichter.

W. B. S. ...

William Bell Scott.

P. S.

Florence Simmonds.



Page 20, under LAPO, Tomm. di. At end add See

also GlOTTINO.

LEUX,/or LuTX read Luycx.

LOVELL, Peregrine, for 16th
read 17th.

MACEDO, for Clovis read Clovio.

MAES, Jan Baptist, fm- MAES,
Jan Baptist, read MAES, Jan
Baptist Lodewtk.

Do. AfUr from 1821 to 1826 read
He died at Rome in 1856.

NINI, Jan Baptist Lodewye,
read MAES, Canini.

Do. i^or born at Ghent in 1794 read
born at Ghent about the middle
of the 18th century.

Do. For He died at Rome in 1856
read He settled in Italy, where he

Rosso, read Dei Rossi.

MARNE. Add [Supplement].

Delete article, Maetis, Ottaviano.

for HoPFEB, Jan, read Hopfbe,
Daniel, Hibeonymus, and Lam-

MATHAM, Theodor, for born at
Haarlem in 1569 read born at
Haarlem 1606.

Do. For He died about 1677 read
He died in 1660.

MAZZOCCHI,/oj- Doni, Paolo, read
DoNO, Paolo di.

MEER, for Johannes (of Utrecht)
and N.,see Van dee Mebe; JAN(of
Delft), see Vee Mebb ; Geeaed
and Jan the younger (of Ghent
and of Haarlem), read: and N.,
Bee Van dee Mbee; Jan (of
Delft), see Vbe Mebe ; Geeard
and Jan (both of Ghent).

MELLAN, for born at Abbeville
about 1601 read born at Abbe-
ville about 1598.

MONT, for See Dblmont read See
Van der Mont.

MOUOHEEON, Feedbeik,/o?- bom












Page 181, under


































at Embden in 1663 read bom at

Embden in 1633 or 1634.
Do. ifbr The year ofhis death is not

known, but there is a picture by

him at Dresden with the date

1713 upon it, read He died at

Amsterdam, where he was buried

January 5, 1686.
NONZIO, for 18th century read

16th century.
NUTI, for under Maeini, Ant. read

NUTSCHIDEL, for Netifchatbl

read Neuchatel.
PATAVINUS,/or See Otbllo reoti

See Osello.
PAUTRE, for Lepauteb read Le

PETHER, Abr. Delete the son of

William Pether.
Delete cross reference, ROBERTO da

CIVITELLA, see Eobeetus.
Delete cross reference, EODERIGO,

see SiciLiANi.
ROMANO, ViNCENzo, for Ariemolo

read Aniemolo.
RUET,/or Dbevbt read Deeuet.
Delete cross reference,^VSSl, Fban-

co db', see Ceivelli, Taddbo de'.
SAL VIATINO, /or Rossi read Dbi

Delete cross reference, SAMMI-

CHELI, see San Micheli.
SCHONGAUER, Martin. Add at

end of article, Martin's brother

LuDWiG was also an engraver.
SCIAMERONI, for Filippo read

SIEGERT, after dioramas read He

died in 1883.
STEEVENS, for Stibvbns read

STEFANO, ToMM., for Stefano

read Di Stefano, and after 1356

add See also Giottino.
STIMMER, JoHANN Cheistoph.

At end add See also Lb Suisse.
Transfer Teoso da Monza to p. 587.



LAAK, Maeia van dee. See Van deb Laak.

LAAN, Van dee. See Van dee Laan.

LAAR, J. 0. VAN, the youngest brother of Pieter
van Laar, ia said to have accompanied his brother
to Italy, and to have perished by falling into a moun-
tain torrent while crossing a bridge near Rome.

LAAR, Pietee van, called Bamboccio and Sntif-
FELAEE, was born at Haarlem, in 1682. His
parents were in easy circumstances, and so were
able to indulge the inclination which he early
showed for art, by having him instructed in the
elements of design by Jan van Campen, and after-'
wards by Adam Elsheiraer. He went when young
to Italy, and resided for sixteen years in Rome,
where he was distinguished by the uncommon
vivacity of his genius and the amiability of his
disposition. He lived in habits of intimacy with
Nicolas Poussin, Claude Lorrain, and Sandrart, in
whose company he made drawings of the most
interesting monuments, in the neighbourhood of
Rome. These studies were of use to him in the
composition of his pictures, as forming the back-
grounds. He acquired the name of ' Bamboccio '
most probably from his usually painting such sub-
jects as the Italians call ' bambocciate,' sach as
fairs, rural festivals, huntings, and masquerades,
rather than from any deformity of his body. In
1639 he left Rome and settled at Haarlem, where
his pictures were not less admired than in Italy.
His works are scarce, and are deservedly held in
high repute. He died at Haarlem in 1642. The
following paintings by him are in European gal-
leries :

Brunswick. Museum. Scene before a Tavern.

Cassel. Gallery. A Quack Doctor.

„ „ Italian Peasants dancing.

Dresden. Gallery. Italian Peasants.

Florence. Uffizi. His own Portrait.

Dlunich. Gallery. Two Horses in a Stall.

„ „ Italian Porters playing under

the wall of a Fortress^

Louvre. The Departure.

„ The Shepherds.

Hermitage. Halt of the Travellers.

Gallery. Peasant Scenes.




LAAR, EoELAND VAN, a younger brother of
Pieter van Laar, was born at Haarlem in 1610. He
painted in the style of his brother, with whom he
travelled in Italy. He died young at Genoa in 1640.
LABACCO, Antonio. See Abacoo.
LABACCO, Maeio, was an Italian engraver,
who flourished from 1551 to 1567. He engraved
some of the plates to a wort on architecture by his
father, Antonio Labacco, published at Rome in
1559 ; and also copied Martin Schongauer's print
of the ' Temptation of St. Anthony,' and Beatri-
zet's print, after Giotto, of 'Peter walking on
the Sea.' No particulars of his life are recorded.
Both this 'artist and his father are sometimes called

LABADIE', Andeeas, a German painter and
sculptor, was born at Bautzen in 1731, and was
instructed in art by Schwarzenberg at Leipsic. In
1763 he went to Berlin, where he was appointed a
professor in the Academy, and where he died at the
beginning of the present century.
LA BAER, Johannes de. See De la Baee.
LABAES, Jakob, was a Flemish painter, who
flourished at Ypres about 1388, and executed some
portraits for the magistracy of his native city.

LABA!&A, ToMAS, was a Spanish amateur painter,
who flourished at Madrid in the reign of Philip IV.

LA BAUME, , was a French painter, who

flourished in 1673, and executed some pictures for
the Castle of Loo by command of Prince Frederick
Henry of the Netherlands.

LABBE, Nicolas, a French historical painter,
flourished in Paris in 1570, in which year, on the
king's entry into Paris, he and his son Camille
were commissioned bj'the municipality of Paris to
paint sixteen historical and allegorical pictures in
the Reception Hall.

LABENSKY, F. X., a Russian painter, and con-
servator of the Royal Gallery at St. Petersburg,
was born about 1765. In 1805 he published in
two quarto volumes the ' Galerie de I'Hermitage,'
containing plates in outline of many of the best
pictures in the collection.




LABEO, TiTiDins, or Ateids, praetor and pro-
consul of the province of Narbonne, a.d. 69, painted
small historical pictures. He died at an advanced
age in the reign of Vespasian.

LA BERGE, Charles AnGUSTB db. See De
LA Beege.


LA BOISSIERE, Simon db. See De la Bois-

LABORDE, L^ON Emmanuel Joseph Simon de.
Marquis, was born in Paris in 1807. He distin-
guished himself as a lithographer, wood-engraver,
and arohseologiat. He visited Arabia and the Bast
in company with his father, and on his return was
appointed secretary to the French Embassy in
Rome, which post he subsequently held in London,
the Hague, and Cassel. In 1841 he was elected a
deputy, and in 1842 a member of the Academy.
He was afterwards appointed Keeper of the Sculp-
ture in the Louvre, and in 1856 Keeper of the
Archives of the Empire and Senate. He published
an account of his travels in the East, and also a
history of engraving in mezzotint. He died at the
chateau of Beauregard, Eure, in 1869.

LABOUCHBRB, Pierre Antoinb, a French
painter, was born at Nantes in 1807. After study-
ing in Germany and England he was placed in a
house of business at Antwerp. In 1827 he made
a voyage to the United States, and in 1832 to China.
His residence at Antwerp had fostered the great
love he had for art, and so in 1836 he definitely
abandoned his commercial career, and after a year's
travel in Italy, he went to Paris, and studied under
his friend Paul Delaroehe. He afterwards travelled
in Africa, whence he brought back with him a large
number of water-colour sketches. He died in Paris
in 1873. His most important productions were :

Lnther at Wittenberg in 1520. 1855.

Luther at the Diet of Worms. 1857.

Luther's Family at Prayer. 1865.

Lucas Cranaoh painting Luther's portrait. 1865.

Luther's Death at Bisleben. 1866.

Charles V. at the Battle of Miihlberg, 1855.

Erasmus at the house of Sir Thomas More. 1855.

A Huguenot. 1859.

Albrecht Diirer painting the Emperor Maximilian.

Olympia Morata at Ferrara. 1869.
Penserosa. 1870.

LABRADOR, Juan, a Spanish painter, bom at
Badajoz about 1530, was a pupil of Morales. He
painted fruit and flower pieces, which were admired
for their truth and brilliancy of colour. He was
also very successful in representing drops of water.
He died at Madrid in 1600.

LABROCTE, Alphonse db, a French miniature
painter, was born in 1792, and died at Metz in 1863.

LABRUZZI, Carlo, was born at Rome about
1765. He painted several large landscapes, and
also had a reputation as a figure draughtsman.
Most of his etchings are in outline, and among
them may be mentioned those after the works of
Masaooio and Michelangelo.

LABRUZZI, TOMMASO Pietro, the son of I'ietro
Labruzzi, an historical painter, lived at Rome in
the latter part of the 18th century, and painted
several historical pictures. He died about 1808.

LABY, AuGUSTB FBANgois, a French historical
and portrait painter, was born in Paris in 1784, and
studied under David. He was engaged on a picture
for the church at Etale, in Belgium, when he died
in Paris in 1860. Amongst his works are :


Miracle of St. Leu. {Church of Ville-Therry.)
Passage of the Pass of St. Bernard. _

The Crucifixion. 1827. (Church of Villemomb e.)
Portrait of Louis XVIII. (Society de I'Umon, Lille.)
Portrait of Charles X. (^Hotel-de- Ville, Beziers.)
LA CALLEJA, Andreas de. See De la Cal-

LEJA. , ,

LACEPEDE, Am^lie db, a Frer.ch miniature
painter, whose maiden name was Kaiitz, was
bom in 1796, and died in Paris in 1860.

LA CHAPBLLE, George db. See De la Cha-


LACHAUME DE GAVAUX, Jean Louis, called
Chi^bet, a French landscape and decorative painter,
was born at New Orleans in 1820. He was the son
of a French musician, and a pupil of Joseph Thierry.
He exhibited landscapes at the Salon from 1835,
but his best work was the scenery for ' Les Hugue-
nots,' ' Le Roi de Lahore,' ' Michel StrogofE,' ' Paul
et Virginie,' ' Aida,' ' Le Roi Carotte,' ' Le Tribut de
Zamora,' ' Le Prophete,' ' Quatre-vingt-treize,' and
other famous pieces. He died in 1882.

LACHBNWITZ, F. Siegmund, bom at Neuss in
1820, was a student at the Diisseldorf Academy
from 1840 to 1867, studying mostly by himself
with animal life for his subjects. He died at
Diisseldorf in 1868. The following are some of
his best works :

Horses frightened by a Bear. 1848.

A Family of Lions ^sturbed by Tigers. 1850.

A Skirmish.

Illustrations of the Story of Eeynard the Fox.

LACHNBR, Hans, was a German painter and
engraver, who flourished about 1580.

LACKMAIR, Melchior, was a native of Munich,
who died in 1625. He was a pupil of Sigmund

LACOMA, Francisco Josifi Pablo, a Spanish genre
painter, was born at Barcelona in 1780. He entered
the Academy, where he carried ofE all the prizes-
and received a pension for five years, with which
he visited Paris, and studied under Spaendonck,
David, and Gros. In 1810 he received a gold
medal in Paris, and in 1819 was appointed court
I painter. He painted portraits, among which was
one of the King of Spain, engraved by Blan of
Barcelona, and fruit and flower pieces.

LACON, , was a portrait painter, who died

about 1757. He painted water-colour portraits,
i and set up a puppet-show at Bath.

LA CORTB. See De la Coktb.

LACOSTB, Jean Louis Joseph Camille, a
French engraver on wood, was bom at Toulouse
in 1809, and died in Paris in 1866.

LACOUR, Pierre, the elder, an historical
painter, born at Bordeaux in 1745, was a pupil
of Vien. After studying at Rome he settled at
Bordeaux, and was appointed professor in the
Academy of that city, and it is there that the
greater number of his pictures are to be found in
the churches and the collections of amateurs-.
Among his principal works are, ' St. Paulin, Arch-
bishop of Bordeaux, opening his Palace to the
Afflicted,' ' Orpheus bringing Eurydice from the
Infernal Regions,' 'A Miser sleeping on his Trea-
sure,' and ' A Mendicant.' He also painted por-
traits, landscapes, and marine subjects. He died
at Bordeaux in 1814.

LACOUR, Pierre, , the younger, son of Pierre
Lacour the elder, was born at Bordeaux in 1778.
He was a painter, and succeeded his father as pro-
fessor in the Academy of Bordeaux, though \\f is

La Croce



better known as an archseologist and engraver.
lie died at Bordea'tix in 1859.

LA CROCE, JoHANN Nepomtjk. See De la

LACROIX, Gaspard Jean, a Frenob landscape
painter, was born at Turin in 1810. He studied
under Corot, and died in Paris in 1878. Amongst
his chief works are :

Catalan Fishers. 1842. (Nantes Museum.)
Labourers. 1849. {Grenoble Museum.)
A green Path near Meauz,
View in Auvergne.

LACROIX, Pierre, a French historical painter,
was born at Nimes in 1783. He afterwards went
to Paris and studied under David and Gros. In
the castle at Eosny is a picture by him of the
Duchess de Berry and her children, which he also
ilithographed. In the church at Valence is ' The
Preaching of St. Francis Xavier.' He died in 1856.

LA CRDZ. See De la Cruz.

LADAM, Ghislain Franqois, was a Flemish
historical painter, who flourished in 1659. He
was made free of the Corporation of St. Luke at
Tournai in 1659. In the cathedral of Tournai is a
picture by him of ' Christ giving the Keys to St.

LADAME, Gabriel, flourished at I'rankfort
about 1650. Florent Le Comte mentions this artist
as the engraver of several plates, representing Holy
FamiUes, and other devotional subjects, in the style
of Claude Mellan.

LADBEOOKE, Henry, a landscape painter, born
at Norwich in 1800, was the second son of Robert
Ladbrooke. He received a good education, and
was brought up for the church, but at his father's
wish he devoted himself to art. He did not
exhibit at the Royal Academy, but his works
appeared at the Norwich Society of Artists, in the
catalogue of which he is described as " writing and
drawing master." His works were faithful tran-
scripts of nature, and his representations of moon-
light effects were very successful. He died in 1870.

LADBROOKE, John Berney, a landscape painter,
the third son of Robert Ladbrooke, was born at
Norwich in 1803. His attention was early devoted
to art, for he exhibited at the Norwich Society of
Artists as early as 1817. He was then described
as " Master J. Ladbrooke," and was represented by
two works after Morland and a flower piece. His
style was chitefly based on that of Crome, and he
excelled in depicting foliage. He did not often
exhibit — he only appeared at the Royal Academy
once or tw^ice in the early part of his cai^eSr — but
he is said to have received good prices for his
works. He died at Norwich in 1879.

LADBROOKE, Robert, a landscape painter of
the Norwich school. Was bom in 1770. He began
life as a printer, but his love for art triumphed, and
he was content to commence the profession of an
artist by painting portraits at five shillings each.
He early became acquainted with " Old " Crome,
and they married sisters. Together they were the
moving spirits in the foundation of the Norwich
Society of Artists in 1805, but later in life he
quarrelled with Crome, and they headed opposition
societies. Ladbrooke was a large contributor to
the exhibitions of the Society. His works were
chiefly views in Norfolk and on the Norfolk coast,
with an occasional portrait. In the catalogues he is
described as "drawing-master." He also exhibited
pictures in London at the Royal Academy between

1809 and 1816, and published 'Views of Norfolk
Churches ' in five volumes. He died at Norwich
in 1842.

LADD, Anne, who was born in London in 1746,
and died in 1770, painted portraits and fruit pieces.

LADDER, , was an English painter of the

18th century, who painted genre pictures in the
style of Morland.

LADENSPELDER, Johann, or Hans von Essen,
an engraver, was born at Essen, a frontier city of
the duchy of Berg, about the year 1512, according
to the inscription on his portrait ; but nothing
further is known of his life, or of the time of his
death. Bartsch and Passavant describe sixty-one
prints by this master, the latest date on any one of
these being 1554, some of them bear monograms
composed of the letters J. L. V. E. S., which
he interprets Johann Ladenspelder von Essen
sculpsit. Bartsch thinks he was a painter as well
as an engraver, and that all the prints specified
by him were after his own pictures, or designs ; at
least, there are several on which he pnt his name,
with the word in. or inventor, besides the mono-
grams mentioned. Among his prints are :

His own Portrait.

The Descent from the Cross.

The Man of Sorrows.

The Trinity.

The Four Evangelists.

The Conversion of St. Paul.

Allegory of the Christian Virtues.

The Planets.

LADEY, Jean Maro, a French painter of fruit
and flowers, born in Paris in 1710, was a pupil of
Belin de Fontenay. He became an academician
in 1741, and died in Paris at the Gobelins Tapestry
Manufactory in 1749. There is in the Louvre a
painting by him of a ' Vase surrounded by Flowers
and Fruit,' dated 1743.

L'ADMIRAL, Jakob, was bom in 1699, and
accompanied his brother Jan on his travels. He
was employed in engraving insects.

L'ADMIRAL, Jan, a Dutch engraver, was born
at Leyden of French parentage in 1680. He. came

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 1 of 201)