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Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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cathedral of Augsburg and in other churches are
altar-pieces by him and in the Franciscan church
at Freising is an altar-piece representing the
' Death of St. Francis of Assisi.' He died about 1785.

LEDERLEIN, Jakob, a German engraver on
wood, was born at Tubingen about the year 1566.
He executed a set of portraits of the professors of
the University in that city, which were published
by Erhard Zell in 1696. There are other prints
by this master, some of which are dated 1690,
He usually marked his works with the monogram

LEDERWASCH, Christoph, was a German en-
graver, who flourished at Salzburg from 1668 to
1687, and there also painted altar-pieces. Among
his engravings are ' The Virgin presented in the
Temple,' after RomaneUi, and 'The Heavenly
Glory,' after himself.

LEDERWASCH, Gregor, an Austrian painter,
was born at Salzburg in 1726. He painted many
altar-pieces, but his monochrome landscapes and
views were most celebrated. He died at Salzburg
in 1792.



Ledesma



PAINTERS AND ENGRAVERS,



Leech



LEDESMA, Blas de, was a Spanish painter of the
reign of Philip II. (1656—1598). He is mentioned
by Pacheco as a successful imitator of the frescoes
of Julio and Alessandro.

LEDESMA, Josef db, was born at Burgos in
1630. After acquiring some knowledge of paint-
ing in his native city, he came to Madrid and
entered the school of Carreno. His principal
works were a 'Burial in the Recollet Convent,' and
pictures of the Trinity and Saints in the Convent
of the Holy Trinity, which were pleasing in colour.
He died in 1670.

LEDOULX, PiETER, was born at Bruges in
1730. He studied at the Bruges Academy under
Jan Garemyn, and afterwards under Matthias De
Visch. He painted views, but his principal work
was his collection of insects and flowers painted
in miniature. He collected materials for a
' History of the Arts and Painters of the 18th and
19th centuries.' He died in 1807.

LE DOYEN, , a French engraver, lived at

Paris about the year 1666, and executed some
plates for the booksellers, among which are some
prints of ornaments, and the plates for a book
entitled 'Figures des diff^rents Habits des Clia-
noines reguliers en ce sifecle,' published at Paris in
1666.

LEDRU, HiLAlEE, a French portrait painter, was
born at Oppy, near Calais, in 1774. He was self-
taught, but several of his works were in high
repute, and gained medals. He died in Paris in
1840.

LE DUCQ, Jan, a Dutch painter, was born at
the Hague in 1636. He learned the principles of
art under Paulus Potter, and for some time imitated
the style of that admired painter of animals. He
afterwards changed his style, and painted corps-
de-garde, assemblies of oiEcers, and card-players.
His pictures of this description are more frequently
met with than his cattle-pieces, which are very
scarce. He was director of the Academy at the
Hague in 1671, and had acquired the reputation of
an able painter, when in 1672 he abandoned art,
and adopted a raihtary life. He died as a captain
between 1680 and 1685. Pictures by him are at
Amsterdam, Copenhagen, Dresden, St. Petersburg,
Vienna, and several other places. Le Ducq etched
a few plates from his own designs, among which
is a set of eight prints of dogs, very neatly and
spiritedly executed.

LEE, A., was a portrait painter, who pi'actised in
the reign of George II.

LEE, Anna, a native of London, was a pupil of
Parkinson, who gained a great reputation by her
paintings and drawings of natural history subjects.
She died about 1790.

LEE, Frederick Richard, a landscape painter,
wag born at Barnstaple in 1798. VS^hen very young
he served a campaign in the Netherlands in an
infantry' regiment. He then became a student in
the schools of the Royal Academy, where he first
exhibited in 1824. His works also appeared at
tlie British Institution, from which he received a
premium of £60 in 1829. The Academy elected
him an Associate in 1834, and an Academician in
1838. His works were chiefly inspired by English
scenery, and the cattle in many of them were
painted by Sidney Cooper. He ceased to exhibit
at the Academy after 1870, and spent the remain-
ing years of his life in yachting and travel. He
died in Cape Colony in 1879. Amongst his works
are :



London. Nat. Gallery. The Cover Side. 1839. {Lent
to the Corporation of Nottiny-
ham.)
>' >! Showery 'Weafcher. 1834. (Lent

to the Corporation of Glasgow.)
>• ,> Evening in the Meadows. 1854.

(Lent to the Walker Art Gal-
lery., Liverpool.)
>' I. A River Scene. 1855.

„ Sotith Kensiiig- 1 ,- t. ji j,

ton Museum, j Near Eedleaf.

)' >, Gathering Seaweed. 1836.

I. I. Distant View of Windsor.

„ Bridge-water Gall. St. George's Hill, Oatlands
Park. 1840.
Woburn. Abbey. Scene in Devonshire.

)' „ Scene in Woburn Park. 1839.

LEE, James, a wood-engraver, flourished in the
latter part of the 18th century, and in early life
worked for some time in Paris. He engraved the
illustrations for the 'Cheap Repository,' 1794-98,
Hansard's ' Typographia,' and for a reading-book,
' A Wreath for the Brow of Youth,' as well as for
many other children's books. He died in 1804.

LEE, Joseph, an enamel painter, was bom in
1780. He exhibited enamel miniatures at the
Royal Academy from 1809 to 1853. In 1818 he was
appointed enamel painter to the Princess Charlotte,
whose portrait he exhibited in the same year and
in 1823 ,- and in 1832 enamel painter to the Duke
of Sussex, whose portrait after Thomas Phillips,
R.A., he exhibited. He died at Gravesend in
1859. Therfi is an example of his art at South
Kensington.

LEE, William, a water-colour painter, was born
in 1810. His paintings consist chiefly of English
rustic and French coast figure-pieces. He was
elected a member of the Institute of Painters in
Water-Colours in 1846, and was for many years con-
nected with the Langham Scliool. Among the later
pictures painted by him were ' The Long Sermon,'
' The Rustic Beauty,' and ' The Drinking Fountain.'
He died in London in 1865.

LEECH, John, the eminent comic draughtsman,
was born in London in 1817. His father, John
Ijeech, was an Irishman, who possessed some
skill with the pencil, and from him the son in-
herited the talent. At three years old he was
discovered by Flaxinan seated on his mother's
knee drawing, and the great sculptor foretold that
he would astonish the world. At the age of seven
he was sent to the Charterhouse, where he formed
a life-long friendship with Thackeray. At the
age of sixteen he was placed at St. Bartholomew's
Hospital to study medicine, but he gradually gave
up his medical studies and resolved to devote him-
self to art. He was eighteen years old when he
published his first work, entitled 'Etchings and
Sketchings by A. Pen, Esq.,' which consisted of a
book, quarto size, of four leaves covered with
sketches. He next turned his attention to litho-
graphy, and his caricature of Mulready's envelope
brought him into notice. A great deal of his early
work may be seen in ' Bell's Life,' and in 1840, in
conjunction with Peroival Leigh, he published the
'Comic Latin Grammar' and 'Comic English Gram-
mar.' In August 1841, in the fourth number of
'Punch,' appeared Leech's first contribution. To the
second volume of " Punch ' his contributions did not
amount to more than half-a-dozen, but after that
till 1864 his drawings amounted to more than three
thousand ; and he is said to have received for them
more than £40,000. In 1840 he assisted Cruik-
shank with the illustrations to the ' Ingoldsby

35



Leemans



A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF



LefSvre



Legends,' and in 1844 he illustrated the 'Christmas
Carol' of Dickens. In 1847 appeared Gilbert i
Beckett's ' Comic History of England,' which was
followed in 1852 by the companion work, 'The
Comic History of Rome,' both profusely illustrated
by Leech. In 1853 appeared the series of sporting
novels entitled 'Mr. Sponge's Sporting Tour,'
' Handley Cross,' etc. In 1854 appeared the first
series of his pictures of ' Life and Character '
reprinted from 'Punch,' of which A second and a
third series were published respectively in 1858
and 1860. In 1858 Leech went a tour in Ire-
land, the result of which was the publication of a
book written by Canon Hole, his travelling com-
panion, and illustrated by himself. Among his
other etchings may be named those that appeared
in 'Punch's Pocket-Book,' and the wood-cut illus-
trations to ' Once a Week ' and the ' Illustrated
London News.' In 1862 he exhibited in the
Egyptian Hall his ' Sketches in Oil,' the subjects
of which were reproduced from the most remark-
able of his ' Punch ' drawings : this exhibition was
a great success. In the same year, in company
with Mark Lemon, he went to Paris, and after-
wards to Biarritz. In 1864 he went to Hamburg in
company with Alfred Elmore, and afterwards to
Schwalbach. On his return to England he went
to Whitby with his family, but after his return to
London he succumbed in the same year to the
malady from which he had long been suffering.

LEEMANS, A., was a painter of birds and acces-
sories of hunting scenes, who flourished at the
Hague about 166'2.

LEEN, WiLLEM VAN, was born at Dordrecht in
1753. He was a pupil of Arends, Cuyper, and
Ponse. At the age of twenty he went to Paris,
where he remained three years studying flowers.
He then went to Rotterdam, but in 1787 returned
to Paris, where he was induced to remain for two
years. In 1789 the Revolution compelled him to
quit Paris, and he went to Delfshaven, where he
died in 1825.

LEEPE, Jan Antoon van deb. See Van der
Lekpe.

LEES, Charles, a Scottish painter, who was
born in 1800, is chiefly known for his historical
paintings, such as ' The Murder of Rizzio ' and
'John Knox during his Confinement.' He also
executed various landscapes of merit. His paint-
ings were frequently seen on the walls of the
Royal Scottish Academy, of which he was a
member from 1830 until his death in 1880.

LEEST, ANTONins van, is stated by Papillon to
have been an engraver on Wood of some talent,
who executed, among others, four outs of the
' Four Evangelists.'

LEEUW, De. See Db Leedw.

LKKUW, Van dee. See Van der Lebuw.

LE F|;bRE, Rolland. See Lefbveb.

LP] FBBRE, Valentin, (or Lefebitee,) a Flemish
painter and engraver, was born at Bi'ussels in 1642.
During a long residence in Venice he painted
portraits and historical pictures in the style of
Paolo Veronese, and etched numerous plates after
that master, as well as after Titian and Tintoretto.
Many of his etchings were published in Venice in
1682, in a large folio volume, entitled, ' Opera
se'ectiora quse Titianus Veoellius Cadubriensis, et
Paulus CiiUiari Veronensis inventernnt et pinxerunt ;
qufEque Valentinus Le Febre Bruxellensis delineavit
et eculpsit.' He died at Venice about 1700.

LE FEBURE, FEANgois. See Le F^vee.

36



LEFEBURE, Valentin. .See Le Fbbee.

LEFEBVRE, Chaeles Victor Eugene, a French
historical painter, was horn in Paris in 1805. He
studied under Gros and Abel de Pujol. His first
contribution to the Salon was 'The Prisoner of
Chillon,' exhibited in 1827. He died in 1882.

LE PEBVKE, Claude, a French portrait painter,
was born at Fontainebleau in 1633. He studied
after the works of Le Sueur and Le Brun in the
chfiteau of that town, and became an excellent
painter of portraits, which resemble in their tone
the works of Van Dyck. In 1663 he was received
a member of the Academy, on which occasion he
painted the portrait of Colbert. After this he
went to England, and met with great encourage-
ment at the court of Charles II. He died in Paris
in 1675. Two of his portraits are in the Louvre,
and in the National Portrait Gallery is a portrait
by him of Isaac Barrow. He also etched a few
portraits. Jacques Lb Fbbveb, his brother, who
died in 1678, was also an excellent painter of
portraits.

LEFEBVRE, Robert. See Lefbvee.

LEFilVRE, DtisiEE Achille, a French engraver,
the son and pupil of Sdbastien Lefevre, was born
in Paris in 1798, and died in the same city in
1864. There are by him :

The Annunciation ; after Murillo.
Tlie Immaculate Conception ; after the same.
Jeanne d'Aragon ; after Raphael.
The Triumph of Galatea ; after the same.
The Sleeping Child (the King of Rome) ; after PrtuThm.
The Madonna of St. Sebastian ; after Correggio.
The Nativity, called ' Le Notte ' ; after the same.
The Sleep of Antiope ; after the same.
Napoleon I. ; after C. Steuben.
Amalie, Queen of France ; after Wlnterhalter.
The Duchess of Orleans, with the Comte de Paris ;
after the same.

LE F^feVRE, FRANgois, (or Lb Fbbueb,) was a
goldsmith and engraver, who worked in Paris
about 1635. Amongst his known works are six
engravings of flowers, entitled : ' Livre de fleurs
et de feuilles pour servir a I'Art d' Orf e vrerie.'

LE FEVRE, RoBEET, a French historical, por-
trait, and decorative painter, was born at Bayeux in
1766. It was intended by his father that he should
enter the legal profession, but his inclination for
art was too strong, and at the age of eighteen he
made the journey to Paris on foot in order to see
its treasures. He returned to Caen, and at length,
by the works which he executed in the chS,teau of
Airel, near St. Lo, he was enabled to raise funds
to study under Regnault at Paris. He obtained a
great reputation as a portrait painter, and most
of the eminent personages of the time sat to
him. On the Restoration, he was appointed
principal painter to Louis XVIII. He put an
end to his life in Paris in 1830, in consequence,
it is said, of being deprived of his appointments
by the Revolution of July. Amongst his works
are:

Antwerp. Museum. Portrait of Van Dael.

Caen. Museum. Portrait of the poet Malherbe.

Compi^gne. Museiim. Phocion.

Paris. Louvre. Love dit^armed by Venus. 1795.

Eochelle. Museum. Apotheosis of St. Louis.

Versailles. Gallery. Portrait of Napoleon I.

LEFEVRE, Rolland, called Rolland de Venise,
was born in Anjou in 1608, and spent considerable
time at Venice and London, in which latter city
he died in 1677. He painted portraits and his-
torical subjects of a small size. One of his best



Le FSvre



PAINTERS AND ENGRAVEKS.



Leicester



portraits is that of Cigala, which has been engraved
by Picart. He was patronized in England by
Prince Rupert, but he is more esteemed fur a mode
of staining which he introduced than for his skill
as a painter.

LE FEVRE, Valentin. See Le Febre.

LEGAT, Francis, an engraver, was born in
Scotland in 1756, and after receiving instruction
in art at Edinburgh under Alexander Runoiman,
he came in 1780 to London, where he found em-
ployment with Boydell and other publishers. In
consequence of bis engraving of ' Ophelia before
the King and Queen,' he was towards the end
of the century appointed engraver to the Prince
of Wales. He died in London in 1809. He
engraved several plates in a very iinished style, in
which he appears to have imitated the fine manner
adopted by Sir Robert Strange. Among others
are the following plates, which were engraved for
Boydell :

Mary, Queen of Soots, resigning her Crown ; after Gavin

Hamilton. 1786.
The Continence of Scipio ; after N. Poussin. 1784.
The King, Queen, and Laertes, in ' Hamlet ' ; after West.
The Children in the Tower, from ' Eichard the Third ' ;

after Northcote,
Scene from ' King Lear ' ; after Barry.

LEGILLON, Jean FEANgois,a Flemish landscape
painter, was born of French parentage in 1739
at Bruges, where he was a pupil of M. De Visch. In
1760 he went to Rouen and studied at the Academy
under J. B. Descamps, carrying off the silver
medal in 1762. In 1763 he travelled through
France and Italy, and returned to Rouen in 1769.
In 1770 he went to Rome, where he remained for
two years, and then travelled again through Italy,
returning to Bruges in 1774. There he established
a small school, but in 1779 he went to Paris, and
travelled through Switzerland, returning again to
Bruges in 1780. In 1782 he removed from Bruges
and settled in Paris, where he was made a member
of the Academy and painter to the king in 1789.
The troubles of the French Revolution compelled
him to return to Bruges, where he remained.
In 1797 the wish to see a friend took him again
to Paris, where he was seized with sudden illness
and died.

LEGNANI, Stbfano Maria, called II Legnanino,
was born at Bologna in 1660. He was called
' Legnanino ' to distinguish him from his father,
Ambrogio Legnani, a portrait painter, by whom he
was instructed in the first rudiments of design.
He afterwards studied at Bologna under Carlo
Cignani, and at Rome under Carlo Maratti. He
distinguished himself as a fresco painter, particu-
larly in Sant' Angiolo at Milan, where he has
represented a battle gained under the protection
of St. James, which is treated with a fire and
capacity equal to the most difScult subjects in the
art. Many of his works are at Genoa, at Turin,
and in Piedmont. The cupola of San Gaudenzio
at NoVara is esteemed one of his best works.
He died at Bologna in 1716. He has left some
etchings, among which are a ' Virgin ' and a 'Holy
Family.' In the Brera at Milan is a portrait of
the painter.

LEGNANO, Francesco da. See Barbibei.

LEGOTE, Pablo, was a Spanish painter, who
flourished in the early part of the 17th century.
Between the years 1629 and 1636 he was engaged
with Alonzo Cano in painting and gilding in the
church of Lebrija. The subjects of his pictures



were the ' Annunciation,' the ' Nativity,' the
' Epiphany,' and the two St. Johns. In 1647
Cardinal Spinola, Archbishop of Seville, commis-
sioned him to execute for the large hall of his
palace a full-length series of apostles. A similar
series, which hung in the church of the Hospital of
Pity, was by some attributed to him, but by others
to the elder Herrera. He afterwards went to
Cadiz, where he was employed in 1662 to paint
banners for the royal fleet.

LE GOUAZ, Yves Marie, a French engraver,
was born at Brest in 1742. He went young to
Paris, where he became a pupil of J. Aliamet, and
was afterwards instructed by Nicolas Ozanne. He
died in that city in 1816. There are by him a great
many plates of views of the sea-ports of France,
after the designs of Ozanne, and other subjects
after Hackert, Vernet, &c. ; among them are the
following :

Three Views of the Ports of Toulon, Brest, and Eouen ;

after Ozanne.
The Port of Antibes ; after the same.
View of the Port and Gulf of Calvi, in Corsica ; after

La Croix.
View of the Port of St. Lawrence ; after the same.

LE GRAND, Louis, a French engraver, was born
in Paris about 1730, and died about 1784. He was
cljiefly employed in vignettes and other illustrations
of books, many of which were after the designs of
Gravelot, Eisen, and others. He engraved a set of
plates for an edition of Ovid's 'Metamorphoses,'
published at Paris in 1767-71. There are also by
him some large plates of ruins.

LEGRU, Angelica. See Perotti.

LEGUAY, Charles IiItienne, was born at Sevres
in 1762, and studied design and painting in the
china manufactory of that town, where he was
afterwards employed. His chief objects of study
were Boucher and Van Loo, but he went to Paris
for improvement, and studied for some time at the
Academy. He died in 1840. His chief works are
on porcelain, but he painted also on glass.

LE HAY, Elisabeth Sophie. See Charon.

LEHMANN, Charles Ernest Rodolphe Henri
Salem, a French painter, was born at Kiel, in Hol-
stein, in 1814. He became a pupil of Ingres, and
contributed his first picture to the Salon in 1835.
His first works were Scriptural subjects, but his
reputation rests chiefly upon his portraits. He
was also employed in mural decorations, among
which were the chapels of the church of St. Merry,
and the gallei'ies of the H6tel de Ville, Paris. In
1861 he was made head of theAcad^mie des Beaux-
Arts, and in 1876 professor in the !^cole des Beaux-
Arts. He died in Paris in 1882.

LEHNEN, Jakob, was born at Hinterweiler,
Eifel, in 1803, and studied at the Academy of
Diisseldorf. He painted fruit, dead game, flowers,
birds, breakfast-tables, hunting-parties, and land-
scapes. Three pictures by him are in the National
Gallery at Berlin. He died at Coblenoe in 1847.

LEICESTER, Sir John Fleming, Bart., an
amateur draughtsman, was bom in 1762. He was
instructed by Vivares and Paul Sandby. He drew
in Indian-ink and tinted with bistre, and appears
as an occasional honorary exhibitor at the Royal
Academy. He was one of the originators of the
British Institution in 1805, and was distinguished
for his patronage of English art. He was created
Baron De Tabley in 1826, and died at Tabley
House, Cheshire, in 1827.

37



Xieicher



A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF



Lelio



LEICHER, FfiLix Ivo, a G-erman painter, was
born at Wagstadt in Upper Silesia in 1727. He
was first educated at Freyberg in Moravia, but
afterwards went to tBe Academy at Vienna, and
gained great reputation as a painter of altar-
pieces. He was still living in Vienna in 1811.

LEICHNER, JoHANN Geobg Heineioh Thbo-
DOE, was born at Erfurt in 1684. He was at first
a pupil of Hildebrand, and at the age of sixteen
he went to Leipsio to study under Lesohner, whose
daughter he married. He afterwards entered the
studio of Pahlmann, where he worked for several
years, copying the works of Van der Werf, Mieris,
Van iEIuysum, and others. He died at Leipsic in
1769.

LEIGBL, Gottfried, a native of Switzerland,
flourished from the year 1627 to 1660. He en-
graved a set of woodcuts of figures for the
Bible, which are marked with a cipher composed

of his initials Qy^ .

LEIGH, James Matthews, an historical painter,
•was born in 1808. He studied under Etty, and oc-
casionally exhibited at the Royal Academy — chiefly
sacred subjects— from 1830 to 1849. During one
part of his career he was much occupied in literary
pursuits, and in his later years he established an
art school in Newman Street, which obtained a good
reputation. He died in London in 1860.

LEIGH, T., was a portrait painter, who practised
about the middle of the 17th century, and by
whom is a portrait of Robert Davis, a distinguished
Royalist, dated 1643.

LEINBERGER, Christian, a German painter,
was born at Erlangen in 1706. He worked in
Italy, and painted historical and allegorical pictures,
among which was the 'Stoning of St. Stephen.'
He died in 1770. His works are signed with the

initials G.L., or this monogram : ^j ,

LEINBERGER, Geobg Karl, born at Erlangen
in 1718, visited Italy with his brother Christian
at the age of thirteen. After having stayed three
years at Venice, Rome, and Naples, he went by
way of Vienna to Frankfort, and painted with his
brother the ceiling in the Imperial Electoral Hall,
after which they worked in Westphalia and
Baireuth. Georg Karl went again to Italy, and
was employed at the court of Turin ; he subse-
quently visited Lyons, Paris, Holland, and Copen-
hagen, where he worked some time at the court,
and afterwards returned to Baireuth. He died
at Anspach in 1797.

LEIPOLDT, J. The name of this engraver is
afiixed to a small oval portrait of Mary, Queen of
Scots, with a crucifix in her right hand and the
axe in her left.

LEISMANN, Johann Anton. See Eismann.

LEISNIER, Nicolas Auguste, a French engraver,
■was born in Paris in 1787, and died at Clamart in
1858. Among his works are portraits of Marc-
Antonio and La Fornarina, after Raphael, and of
Cervantes, after Valazquez.

LEITCH, William Leighton, a Scottish water-
colour painter, was born at Glasgow in 1804. He
was educated at a private school, and afterwards
at the Highland Society School. As a schoolboy
he showed great liking for drawing, and made the
acquaintance of Daniel Macnee, afterwards Pre-
sident of the Scottish Academy, with whom he
used to study in the evening. He was placed by
his friends in a lawyer's- office, but he soon left

38



that uncongenial labour, and took employment
with a decorator and sign-painter. He then canie,
to London and worked as a scene-painter, and here,
he made the acquaintance of David Roberts and
Clarkson Stanfield. He then went to Italy, where
he remained for five years, and on his return to
London exhibited at the Royal Academy and other
exhibitions. He was teacher of water-colour
painting to the Queen, and other members of the
royal family. He died in London in 1883.

LEITNER, Johann Sebastian, an engraver,
was born at Nuremberg in 1715, and died in 1796.
He engraved for the works of Kuorr and others.

LEJEUNE, Lonis FEANgois, Baron and general,
and formerly aide-de-camp to General Berthier, was



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