Michael Bryan.

Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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Portrait of Coppenol. A large plate.

The following etchings are considered by Vos-
maer as of uncertain date ; many are of doubtful

The Draughtsman.
A Woman in a Veil.
An Old Woman's Head.
An Old Woman Heading.
Bust of a Young Man ; lightly etched.
A Man, with curhug hair, his under lip thrust out.
Bust of a Man, turned to the left.
Man, with a large beard and low fur cap.
Bust of an Old Man, in profile ; to the right.
A Man's Head.

Small Head, with a high mis-shapen cap.
Head of a Bald Old Man, inclined to the left.
Three Profiles of Old Men.
Profiles of Old Men.
Old Man, with a pointed beard.
Head of a Man, with curls and moustache.
A Large Tree and a House.
Landscape, with the figure of a little man.

A Fisherman, in a boat.

The Village Street.

A Copse and Paling, with studies of a horse, &o.


C. Vosmaer, ' Eembraudt, sa vie et ses ceuvres ' (1877).
J. Burnet, ' Eembrandt and his Works ' (1849, foho :

1859, 8vo). * ' '

P. ScMtema, ' Eedevoering over het leven en de ver-
diensten van Rembrandt van Eijn.'

D. Daulhy, ' A Catalogue of the Works of Eembrandt '

E. F. Gcrsaint, ' Catalogue raisonnS de toutes les es-
tampes qui ferment I'ceuvre de Eembrandt ' (last
edition, 1880).

J. Janitsch and A. Sicktwark, ' Stiche undEadirungen

von Eembrandt ' (1885).
C. H. MiJdleton, * A Description of the Etched Work

of Eembrandt van Eijn ' (1878).

F. Seymour Baden, ' The Etched Work of Eembrandt :
a monograph ' (1879).

M. E. Dutuit, ' L'oeuvre complet de Eembrandt : di^crit,
et reproduit i, I'aide de I'h^liogravure ' (1881).

Ch. Mane, ' L'oeuvre complet de Eembrandt, d&rit et
comments, &c. (1873, 4to ; 1880, folio).

H. Saltan, 'Eembrandt und seine Gemalde in der
Kaiserliohen Eremitage «u Petersburg ' (1876).

' Catalogue of the Etched Work of Eembrandt ' (Bur-
lington Fine Arts Club, 1877).

RILEY, John, born in London in 1646, received
instructions from Isaac Puller and Gerard Zoiist.
He was little noticed till after the death of Sir
Peter Lely, though he is justly described by
Walpole as one of the best native painters that
had then flourished in England. His talents were
obscured by the fame, rather than the merit, of Sir
Godfrey Kneller, and have been since depressed
through his best works being ascribed to Lely. Riley
was of an amiable and rather diffident character, and
was easily put out of conceit with his own works.
Charles II. sat to him, but almost frightened the
poor artist out of the profession by crying, when
he saw the picture, ' Is this like me ? Then,
odd's fish, I'm an ugly fellow.' James II. and his
queen also sat to him, as did their successors,
William and Mary, who appointed him their painter.
Among his portraits may also be named those
of Lord Keeper North and Bishop Saunderson.
Jonathan Richardson was married to a near relation
of Riley, and profited by his will. Riley died in
London in 1691, and was buried in Bishopsgate
Church. The following portraits by liim are in the
National Portrait Gallery :

Bishop Burnet.

James II.

William, Lord Eussell.

Edmund Waller.

Lord Crewe, Bishop of Durham.

RILLAERT, Jan van, the elder, painter, was a
native of Louvain, where he was working in 1628.
In 1547 he became painter to the corporation, and
director of the 'Omgang.' In 1549 he designed
the principal decorations for the ' Joyeuse Entree'
of Philip II., and he was also employed upon the
blazons for the funeral service of the Emperor
Charles V. In 1660 he decorated the sheriffs'
room in the town-hall. He also executed numerous
works for churches and convents in his native
town. He practised engraving, and several plates
still exist, engraved upon copper, and signed with
his initials. By his wife, Madeleine du Vivier,
he had one son, Jan, q. v. He died in 1568.
Among his works are the following :
Louvain. H6tel de Ville. Four Panels painted on both
sides as follows '•
1. The Fall of Simon Magus.




Saint Margaret and the Dragon.

2. Defeat of the Mahometans.
The Deliverance of St. Peter.

3. The Miraculous Draught of

Christ bearing His Cross.

4. Decapitation of St. Catharine.

Loviv&m. Ch-o/StPierre. Consecration of St. Evartius,

Bishop of Orleans.
Vienna. The Assumption.

RILLAERT, Jan van, the younger, was the son
of the last-named, and probably his pupil. He
married a rich wife, Marie Claes, and after a
sojourn in Denmark returned to Louvain and
settled there. The dates of his birth and death
are uncertain. No mention of him occurs in the
town archives after 1691. In 1588 he was com-
missioned, jointly with the painter Leonard van
Marienbergh, to determine the value of the painting
by Mabuse, which the town of Louvain wished to
buy from the Augustine Order for presentation to
the King of Spain. In the church of St. Pierre, at
Louvain, there is a ' Resurrection ' by liim.

RIMINALDI, GiROLAMo, painter, brother of
Orazio, practised at Pisa in the early part of the
17th century. He survived his brother, whose last
work he completed. As a painter he was greatly
inferior to Orazio.

RIMINALDI, Orazio, born at Pisa in 1698, was
first a scholar of Aurelio Lomi, but afterwards
studied at Rome under Orazio Lomi, called Gentil-
eschi. During a residence of some years at Rome,
he studied from the great Roman masters, and also
from the antique. On his return to Pisa he distin-
guished himself as one of the most promising artists
of his time. He followed, in the early part of his
life, the principles of Michel-angelo Caravaggio,
which he soon after abandoned for those of
Domenichino. He painted several pictures for
the churches of Pisa, one of which, ' The Martyr-
dom of St. Cecilia,' has since been placed in
the Florentine Gallery. In the cathedral are two
Scripture subjects by him, representing tlie
'Brazen Serpent,' and 'Samson destroying the
Philistines.' His last work was an ' Assumption of
the Virgin,' which he did not live to finish. Rimi-
naldi died of the plague in 1630.

RIMINI, PiBTBO UA, lived in the early part of
the 14th century, and is the author of a ' Cruci-
fixion ' at Urbania, near Urbino. Paintings in S.
! Maria Portofuori in Ravenna are attributed to

RINALDO, DoMENioo, painter, called Rinaldo
Mantovano, practised at Mantua, about 1550, and
was a pupil of Giulio Romano. His works show
great promise, but his career was cut short by a
premature death. At Vienna there is a ' Triumph
of Julius Caesar ' by him, and two pictures in the
National Gallery, ' The Capture of Carthagena and
Continence of Scipio,' and the ' Rape of the Sabine
Women, with the subsequent reconciliation between
the Romans and Sabines,' are now ascribed to him
instead of to his mastei-.

RINALDI, Santo, called IlTeomba, an excellent
painter of battles, landscapes, and architecture,
born at Florence about 1620, was a scholar of
Furirii. Though he painted much, and was eminent
in his day, very little of his history is recorded.
It is supposed that he died in 1676.

RINCON, Antonio del. See Del Rincon.

RINCON, Fernando del. See Del Rincon.

RING, Herman Tom, the son and pupil of

Ludwig Ring, the elder, born at Miinster in 1521.
Like his father, he is chiefly known by one work —
a ' Resurrection of Lazarus,' which was painted in
1546 for the cathedral at Miinster ; in it the traces
of Italian influence are plainly marked. It is good
in colour and highly finished. Of his other works
we may name : 'Christ on the Cross,' ' Christ heal-
ing the Sick,' ' Christ on the Cross, with Mary,
Joseph, and donors,' ' St. Luke and St. John,'
' Christ in Gethsemane,' ' Christ and the Apostles,'
which are in Miinster, and twelve Prophets and
Sibyls in the Gallery of Augsburg. He died in

RING, LuDGEB Tom, the elder, the founder of a
family of Westphalian artists, who flourished in
the 16th century, was bom at Miinster in 1496.
He is chiefly known by an ' Intercession of Christ
and the Virgin (with the donor by their side) for
the world, which is about to be destroyed by
God.' It is dated 1538_, and executed in a simple
and dignified manner, in the style of the early
German painters. In the Museum at Miinster
there are also, ' A Man and his Wife,' a half-length
' Portrait of a Man,' and a ' Madonna.' He died in

RING, LuDGER Tom, called the younger, to dis-
tinguish him from his grandfather Ludwig Ring
the elder, bom at Miinster in 1622, was the son
of Herman Ring, and painted homely domestic
subjects, but he has also left some portraits, and
in the Berlin Museum is a 'Marriage at Cana,'
dated 1562. Ring died in 1583.

RING, PiBTER DE, an admirable painter of sub-
jects of still-life, flourished about the middle of
the 17th century. If not a native of Holland, he
practised his art there, as most of his pictures are,
or were, confined to that country, though the
Dutch writers seem to know nothing of his history.
In 1648-9 he was inscribed on the registers of the
Leyden guild of St. Luke, and was still painting in
that town in 1660. In the Museum at Amsterdam
there is a picture by him, representing >. table
covered with blue velvet, on which are various
kinds of fruit, oysters, and other shell-fish. He
was a successful follower of Jan D. de Heem. He
generally introduced a ring as his signature. In
the Berlin Museum there is a picture by him,
signed with his name and dated 1650, representing
a globe, a book in which is the picture of a man
blowing soap-bubbles, an hour-glass, dice, musical
instruments, &c.

EINGE, Christoph Gottfried, painter, bom at
Bernburg, 1713. He died mad in 1797. His
pictures, which are rare, betray bis mental dis-

RINGLY, GoTTHAED, or Gottfried, (Ringgli,)
painter and engraver, was born at Zurich in 1575.
All that is known of his life is, that he was employed
by the authorities of Berne to paint some pictures
relative to the history of that city, and that the
Painters' Guild ineffectually attempted to prevent
him painting. Of his etchings, ' David playing the
Harp,' and his illustrations of Joshua Maler's
' Gutjahr fiir alle Christen,' are well known. They
are marked with a cipher composed of the letters
e. R. Ringly died in 1635.

RIOULT, LoDis Edouard, painter, born at Mont-
didier, October 26, 1780. He was a pupil of
Regnault and of David, and painted classical and
historical subjects,but he was particulariy successful
in studies of girls bathing, &c., of which he painted a
large number. Among his works are the following :




Girl playing with a Zephyr.

Siege of Ostend. [At Versailles.)



The Death of d'Assas.

A Scholar giving his breakfast to a poor man.

Uo died in 1855.

RIPANDA, GiACOMO, an obscure painter of the
15th century. He studied in Rome, and practised
portrait painting towards the close of the century.

RIPOSO, Felice. See Ficheeelli.

RIPPINGILLE, Edward Villiers, an English
subject painter, born at King's Lynn in 1798. He
was self-taught as an artist, and first practised at
Bristol, exhibiting at the Royal Academy from
1819. His subjects were taken from English
rural life until he visited Italy in 1837, when for
some years his inspiration was Italian. In 1841
he paid a second visit to Italy. He delivered
lectures on art, and devoted much attention to
literature, contributing to various periodicals. He
died suddenly at Swan village railway station, near
Birmingham, in 1859. Amongst his pictures are :

Liverpool. Corporation Gall. Portrait of Dr. Raffles.
London. Bridgewater House, A Brigand's Wife.
South Kensington. Museum. Mendicants of the Cam-



Scene in a Gaming-house.

A Country Post-office.

A Becruiting Party.

Going to the Fair.

Stage-coach Breakfast.

Progress of Drunkenness. {A series of six pictures.)

RIQUIER, L., a Flemish subject painter, born
in 1795 at Antwerp, where he studied under Van
Bree. After visiting Italy he settled in Paris.
Amongst his works are :
Brussels. Museum. A Family of Brigands.
Haarlem. Museum. Bubens presenting Adrian Brouwer
to his "Wife.

RISING, John, an English subject and portrait
painter, born about the middle of the 18th century.
He practised in London, and exhibited at the
Academy from 1785 to 1814. Amongst his works
are :
Herts. Hatfield House. Portrait of First Marquis of

Oxford. Bodleian Library. Portrait of Sir W. Black-
stone. 1781.

RISS, Fkahqois, painter, born at Moscow in
1804. He was a pupil of Gros, and practised in
France. He exhibited at the Salon between 1831
and 1866. At Versailles there is a portrait of
Henri Frangois D'Aguesseau, Chancelier de France,
by him ; and at the Ministry of the Interior a ' St.
Vincent de Paul at Marseilles,' and ' Feast in the
house of Simon the Pharisee.' His wife, Pauline,
was also a painter.

RIST, Gottfried, engraver, a native of Stutt-
gart, was a pupil of Johann Gotthard Miiller in
the early part of this century, and engraved the
following plates :

Death of Baphael ; after Riepenhausen.

Apollo among the Herds, and Abraham's Sacrifice;

after Schick.
Ariadne ; after Dannecker.
Job; after Wdchter.

King Frederick of Wiirtemburg ; after Seele.
Queen Charlotte Matilda of "Wiirtemburg ; after Stirn-


RIST, Johann Christoph, a. landscape painter,
born in Stuttgart in 1790, was first a confectioner
in Stuttgart and Vienna, in which latter city he
C C 2

entered the Academy. In 1816, and again in
1823, he was premiated. The death of his brother
Gottfried caused him to leave Italy, and go to
Augsburg. From 1830 to 1840 he worked in
Munich, and gave drawing lessons; later on he
became the head of the drawing school at Augs-
burg. He died at Augsburg in 1886.

RISVENNO, GinsEFFo, (or Risdeno, Josef,) a
Spanish painter, born at Granada about the year
1640. He was a scholar of Alonso Cano, under
whom he studied both painting and sculpture. He
painted history with some reputation ; and there
are several of his works in the churches of his
native city. The most important is the decoration
of the cupola of the Carthusians. Risvenno died
at Granada in 1721.

RITRATI, Francesco db'. See Negri, G.

RITT, AuGUSTiN, a Russian painter, born at St.
Petersburg. He studied at Antwerp, under De
Quertemont, and practised in Russia in the 18th

RITTER, Abeaham db, amateur, born at Haar-
lem in 1668, devoted himself chiefly to water-
colour sketches and studies of rustic life. He
died in 1738.

RITTER, Eduaed, still-life and genre painter,
born at Vienna in 1808, where he was a pupil of
the Academy. Among his works we may name :
' In the Wine-cellar,' ' The Workman,' ' The Last
Farthing,' ' The Farewell of the Journeyman.' He
died at Vienna in 1853.

RITTER, G. N., painter, born at Heilbronn, in
1748. He settled at Amsterdam, where he prac-
tised miniature and portrait painting. He died at
Amsterdam in 1809.

RITTER, Henry, painter, born at Montreal in
Canada in 1816, went when young to Hamburg,
where he received some instruction from Groger.
In 1836 he entered the Academy at Diisseldorf
under Sohn, and studied under Jordan. He died
at Diisseldorf in 1853.

RITTER, Louisa Charlotte, the daughter of
G. N. Ritter, practised in the manner of her father
with some success. She died in 1813.

RITTIG, Petbe, painter, born at Coblentz in
1789, studied at Paris under David, but afterwards
went to Rome to work under Overbeck. His
pictures show talent and sobriety of judgment.
He died at Rome in 1840. Works :

A Madonna with Angels.

Allegory of the 96th Psalm.

The Visit of Pope Paul III. to Miohel-angelo.

RITUS, Michael. This name is affixed to an
etching representing the Virgin Mary and the
Infant Christ ; after A. Caracd, dated 1647.

RIVALZ, Antoine, born at Toulouse in 1667,
was the son of Jean Pierre Rivalz, a painter and
architect of some celebrity, by whom he was
instructed in the rudiments of art. He after-
wards visited Paris, where he did not remain long,
but went to Rome in search of improvement.
During his residence in that capital he was the
successful candidate for the prize given by the
Academy of St. Luke, for a 'Fall of the Rebel
Angels.' After studying the works of the best
masters, he returned to Toulouse, where he passed
the remainder of his life. He possessed an extra-
ordinary talent for copying the works of Italian
masters. As he lived so far from the capital, few
of his works are to be met with in Paris. His
pictures are chieiJy confined to Toulouse, where
he died in 1735. He left a great number of draw-





ings, wliich are executed with great freedom, in a
style resembling that of Raymond de la Fage ;
also a few spirited etchings, among which are the
following :

The Martyrdom of St. Symphoriamis.

An Allegory of Vice driven away by Truth ; in memory

of N. Poussin,
Four Allegorical plates for a treatise on Painting, by
Dupuy du (xrez.

RIVALZ, BAETH^LEMy, the nephew and pupil
of Antoine Rivalz, born at Toulouse in 1724. We
have by him a few etchings, among which are the
following :

The Fall of the Rebel Angels ; after Ant. Rivalz.

Judith and Holofernes ; after the same.

Joseph and Potiphar's Wife ; after the same.

The Death of Mary Magdalene ; after Betiedetlo Luti.

RIVALZ, Jean Pieree, the elder, painter and
architect, was born at Bastide-d'Anjou, in Lan-
guedoc, in 1625. He was a pupil of Ambroise
Frideau, and the father of Antoine Rivalz. He
died in 1706.

RIVALZ, Jean Pierre, the younger, painter,
was the son and pupil of Antoine Rivalz. He
practised historical painting in I'ranoe, and also
-visited Italy. He died in 1785.

RIVAROLA, Alfonso, called II Chenda, born
at Ferrara in 1607, was the most distinguished
scholar of Carlo Bononi. On the death of that
master he was engaged to finish the picture of the
' Marriage of the Virgin,' in the church of S.
Maria del Vado. There are several pictures of his
own composition in the churches at Ferrara, which
do honour to the school in which he was educated.
Such are his ' Baptism of St. Agostino,' in the
church dedicated to that saint, which he has em-
bellished with magnificent architecture; the 'Re-
surrection,' at the Teatini ; 'the Brazen Serpent,'
in S. Niccolo ; and the ' Martyrdom of S. Caterina,'
in S. Guglielmo. This promising young painter had
acquired a reputation as one of the ablest artists of
Ferrara, when he died in 1640.

RIVE, PiEERE LoDis, or DB LA RivE, landscape
painter, born at Geneva in 1753. His father de-
signed him for the church or the law, but at last
consented to bis following his own inclination. He
studied at Geneva uuder the Clievalier de Fassin, a
painter of Liege. He then visited Dresden, where
he received some instruction from Casanova, and in
1784 went to Italy for two years. He returned to
Geneva, and during the disturbances in his native
town, tr&velled in Switzerland and Savoy, painting
heroic landscape. His washed drawings have
much merit. He died in 1815.

RIVELLI, Galeazzo, called Della Barba, an
unimportant painter of Cremona, who flourished in
the 14th century.

RIVERA, J. A., a Spanish historical painter of
the 19th century. He became Director of the
Museum and of the Academy at Madrid, where he
died in 1860. His best known work, painted in
1836, is ' The Oath of the Prince of the Asturias.'

RIVERDITI, Maecantonio, a native of Ales-
sandria della Paglia, who received his education in
art at Bologna, where he painted some pictures for
the churches, in which he imitated the style of
Guide Reni. He also painted portraits with con-
siderable success. Of his historical works, the
most worthy of notice are his pictures of the ' Con-
ception,' in the church of the Padri Camaldolesi ;
and of ' S. Francesco di Paola,' in S. Maria de Fos-
cherari. He died at Bologna in 1744.


RIVIERE, Charles Philippe de la. See


RIVIERE, William, an English painter, born
in London in 1806. He studied in the schools
of the Academy, where also he first exhibited in
1833. A cartoon by him was sent to the first West-
minster Hall competition. From 1849 his time was
devoted to teaching, first at Cheltenham, where he
was drawing-master to the College from 1849 to
1859, and then at Oxford, where be died in 1876.
He was ,the father of Mr. Briton Riviere, R.A.

RIVIERE, FRANgoLS, a painter of French birth,
who settled at Leghorn, in Italy, in the first part
of the 18th century. He painted many Turkish
subjects, consisting of dances and public cere-
monials. He painted much for the churches of
Leghorn and Pisa, and at one time his reputation
was very considerable in Italy. He died at
Leghorn at a very advanced age.

RIVOLA, Giuseppe, an Italian painter of little
note, who was a pupil of Ph. Abbiati, and died in

RIXMONT. See Raymond.

RIZI, Francisco, a Spanish painter, bom at
Madrid in 1608, was the son of Antonio Rizi, a
native of Bologna, who had accompanied Federigo
Zucoaro into Spain, but was instructed in the prin-
ciples of art by Vincencio Carducho. He was
the Spanish Fa presto. As he lived at a time, and
in a court, wlien and where the great merit of an
artist was to improvise, he was celebrated and
patronized as one of first-rate talent ; and in con-
sequence he became painter to Philip IV. in 1656,
which ofiice he continued to hold under Charles
II., who added to it the deputy-keepership of the
royal keys. A few years before he had been
appointed painter to the cathedral of Toledo, a
post of more importance to an artist, in a pecuniary
point of view, than that of painter to the king, as
it gave him the charge of all the existing works in
the cathedral, and insured to him the execution of
the greater part of what might be undertaken in
his time. His empty cleverness is responsible to
no slight extent for the decline of Spanish art.
Rizi died at the Escorial in 1685. Among his
works are :

The decoration, in 1648, with Pedro NuSez, of the
Theatre in the Alcazar of Madrid.

Religious Scenes in the Chapel of Antonio.

Scenery for the Theatre of the Retire.

Sketch for an altar-piece in the Sacristy of the Escorial.

The Auto-da-F6 of 1680. (In the Madrid Museum.)

A Portrait of a General of Artillery.

The AunuDciation.

The Adoration of the Magi.

The Presentation in the Temple.

RIZI, Fray Juan, painter, born at Madrid in
1595, was a brother of Francisco Rizi, and a pupil
of Mayno. In 1628 he entered the Benedictine
Order, studied in Salamanca, and became Abbot
of the Medina del Campo in Madrid, lie painted
several works for St. Juan Bautista in Burgos, St
Martin in Madrid, and Monte Cassino in Italy. In
the Madrid Museum is a ' St. Francis of Assisi ' by
him. He afterwards went to Rome, where he was
made an Archbishop by Pope Clement X. He
died at Monte Cassino in 1675.
RIZO. Francesco, (Rizzo). See Santa Cboce.

RIZZI. See Ricci.

ROBART, , said to have been a scholar of

Jan Van Hnysum, painted fruit, flowers, dead
game, and landscapes : he flourished about the
year 1770.




ROBATTO, Giovanni Stefano, born at Savona
in 1649, studied at Rome in the school of Carlo
Maratti. He for some time painted historical
subjects with considerable reputation, and was
employed for some of the churches at Genoa.
One of his best works is ' St. Francis receiving
the Stigmata,' at the Cnppucini. He afterwards
abandoned himsielf to a fatal passion for gaming,
and his latter performances are hasty and careless
He died in 1733.

ROBELOT, PiEBEE, painter, born 1802. A
native of Lorraine, and pupil of Mansion. He
practised miniature painting in the first part of
the IQth century.

ROBERT, AuKfecE, (Aurelio,) architectural and
genre painter, born at La-Chaux-de-Fonds in 1815,
was originally a watch engraver, but in 1822 he
joined liis brother Leopold at Rome, and became
his pupil. In 1828 and 1829 he travelled with
Leopold ; and though they were separated for a
short time in 1831, they met again in Paris, and
Aurele followed his brother to Venice in 1833.
After the suicide of Leopold he returned to Paris,
where he stayed for some time copying liis
brother's pictures. In 1838 he returned to Venice,
where he stayed for five years, and then went to
Switzerland. There is a picture by him, in the
Berlin Gallery, of the 'Baptistery of St. Mark's,
Venice.' He died at Berne in 1871.

ROBERT, Charles, a Scotch engraver, born at
Edinburgh in 1806. He learned his art in the

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 101 of 201)