Michael Bryan.

Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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RODERMONT, (or Rottbrmondt,) called Rot-
ERMANS, was a native of Holland, and flourished
about the year 1640. From the style of his etching
he appears to have been a painter, and to have
imitated Rembrandt with success. He engraved
a few portraits, now become scarce; among which
are :

Sir William Waller, Serjeant Major-general to the Par-
liament, with a Battle in the background; after C.

Joannes Seoundus, a Latin Poet of the Hague ; signed
Uodermont, fecit.

RODRIGUEZ, Alfonso, a painter of Spanish
extraction, born at Messina in 1578, studied the
works of Titian, Raphael, and Michael Angelo.
His best works are to be found at Messina: 'The
Impotent Man at Bethesda,' in S. Cosimo de'
Medici; 'The Murder of the Innocents,' in S.
Elena de Constantino ; ' Madonna with St. John,
and St. Nicholas,' in S. Filippo Neri. He died at
Messina in 1648.

RODRIGUEZ, Domingo, a Portuguese painter
and Augustine monk, was living at Salamanca in
1682. He painted many pictures of saints and
martyrs for the convent of his order in that city.

RODRIGUEZ, Frate Adrian. See Dibrix.

RODRIGUEZ, Giovanni Bernardino, called II
PiTTOR Santo, the son of Alfonso, and nephew and
pupil of Luigi Rodriguez. After his uncle's death
he formed a close connection with Domenichino,
which continued until the hitter was driven from
Naples. Rodriguez has much of the tenderness
of Domenichino. He died in 1667 at Naples,
where the following works of his are to be seen :
' The Virgin with the Child rescuing a Soul from
Satan,' altar-piece for the church of the Madonna
del Soccorso ; ' S. Carlo in glory, with angels sing-
ing and playing,' in a chapel of the church of Gesii

RODRIGUEZ, Jqan, of Bejae, was employed
in 1476 by the Duke of Alva to execute ' ara-
besques ' in his palace of Barco di Avila.

RODRIGUEZ, Luigi, brother of Alfonzo Rodri-
guez, bom at Messina in 1585, studied at Rome
and Naples. In the latter city he painted for
some time with Bellisario Corenzio. On his return
to Messina he executed twelve scenes from the
Trojan War, in monochrome. There is a tradition
that he was poisoned at Naples by Corenzio.

Nicolas, painters, the less famous brothers of
Pedro. Francisco wag bom in 1701, and was
appointed painter to the Master of the Horse. In
1746 he painted twelve large pictures, representing
incidents in the life of S. Peter, for the convent of
San Gil at Madrid. He died in 1751. Nicolas
distinguished himself as a landscape-painter, and
died at Madrid shortly before Francisco.

Madrid in 1696, was the nephew and scholar of the
elder Juan Garcia de Miranda. (See Garcia de
Miranda.) Under the auspices of Father Aller,
confessor of the Infant Don Philip, fourth son of
Philip v., he painted an Immaculate Conception
so pleasing to the prince that he insisted on
its being inscribed with the artist's name. He
executed a half-length portrait of Aller, and
various religious subjects for the Bare-footed

Carmelites. He chiefly distinguished himself,
however, by landscapes and scenes of low life,
as well as panels of coaches, which were sufficiently
prized to be preserved when the coaches them-
selves were worn out or disused. He succeeded
his uncle as painter to the King, and died in 1766.

RODRIGUEZ de RIBERA, Isidro, was court
painter at Madrid in the early part of the 18th
century, and in 1725 was appointed Valuer of
Antique Pictures by royal letters patent.

RODRIGUEZ, Simon, u, Spanish painter of some
talent, who flourished in the 16th century. The
details of his life are unknown, but at the monas-
tery of Belem, on the Tagus, there is a ' Nativity '
of much merit by him.

RODRIGUEZ-BLANES, Benito, painter, born
at Granada in 1650, was an imitator of the style of
Alonzo Cano. He took orders, and gained a high
reputation both for his talent as a painter and for
the blamelessness of his life. Among the works
he is known to have executed were : ' A Madonna,'
for the staircase of the Archbishop's palace at
Granada, and other paintings for the church of
Nuestra Senora de las Angustias, for the church
of the Augustine order, and for that of the Bare-
footed Carmelites. In the Munich Gallery there
is a portrait of a naval officer by him. He died at
Granada in 1737.

ROECKEL, WiLHELM, historical painter, born
at Schleissheim in 1801, where his father was a
glazier. After studying in the Munich Academy
under Langer, he went to Diisseldorf. On his
return to Munich in 1827 he took up_ glass
painting. In the Auerkirche at Munich is a
picture of the ' Marriage of Cana ' by him. He
died at Munich in 1843.

ROED, Holger Petee, was the son of Jorgen
RoED, a living Danish painter, and was bSrn at
Copenhagen in 1846. He studied at first under his
father, but in 1861 entered the Academy, where
he received a gold medal for a ' Scene from the
Deluge.' In 1870 he went to Paris, Rome, and
Naples, but returned home after two years' absence.
He died prematurely in 1874.

ROEDER, Julius Siegmund, the son of poor
pai-ents, was born at Berlin, 1829, entered the studio
of Dr. Herbig at the age of fifteen, and the
Academy a few years later. He had great difficul ty
in maintaining himself, and was obliged to curtail
travels undertaken to complete his art education.
A fortunate marriage improved his prospects,
but his wife soon died, and he left Weimar,
where he had been living with her. His picture
' The last Blessing ' (in the possession of the
Emperor of Germany) was exhibited in 1850.
His ' Grape Seller ' is now in the Berlin Gallery.
He died in 1860.

ROEDIG, J. G, a painter of fruit and flower
pieces, was bom at the Hague in 1751. He was
a pupil of Van der Aa, and became secretary to
the School of Art at the Hague in 1794. He died
in 1802.

ROEHN, Adolphe Eugene, born in Paris in
1780, belonged to the school of the Restoration.
He began his career with a ' Market Scene,' and
a ' Halt of Spanish Soldiers,' and in 1866 he ex-
hibited his ' Dancing Bear.' He was professor of
drawing in the College Louis le-Grand. He died
at Vannes in 1867.

ROEHN, Jean Alphonse, the son of Adolphe
Roehn, born in Paris in 1799, was a, pupil of
Regnault and Gros. He entered the Ecole des





Beaux Arts in 1813, and afterwards became a
colleague of his father at the CoUfege Louis-le-
Grand. His works were rather in the style of
the 18th century. He died in Paris in 1864.

ROELAS. See Ds las Roblas.

ROELOFSWAART, Adolf, painter, born at the
Hague. He practised towards the close of th«
18th century, painting historical subjects and
portraits, and was a pupil of Abraham Verkolje, of
Amsterdam. He lived for some time at Delft, and
finally settled at Ryswick, near the Hague.

Dutch painter of flowers and fruit, born at the
Hague in 1679. He was placed for some time
under the care of Constantino Netscher, with the
intention of becoming a portrait painter ; but the
delicacy of his constitution made it necessary for
him to quit the Hague, and to reside at a country-
house of his father's, where he amused himself in
cultivating flowers. This occupation led him to
an attempt to paint the objects of his care. Some
of his pictures were bought by a florist at the
Hague, who afterwards kept him supplied with
flowers. In 1716 he was invited to the court of
the Elector Palatine, at Diisseldorf . On the death
of his patron he returned to the Hague, where he
painted some pictures for Prince William of Hesse,
and the families of Fager and Lormier. There
are specimens of his art in the Berlin and Cassel
Galleries. In 1718 he was received into the Pic-
tura Society, of which he was the Director at the
time of his death, in 1748.

ROER, Jakob van deb. See Van der Roer.

ROESTRAETEN, Pibtbe, portrait and still-life
painter, born at Haarlem in 1627, was brought up
under Frans Hals, whose daughter he married, and
whose style in portrait painting he followed for
some time with success. Attracted by the fame of
Sir Peter Lely' s good fortune in England, he visited
this country in the reign of Charles H. He was
received by Lely with great kindness, and intro-
duced to the king ; but it does not appear that he
met with much encouragement at Court, as none
of his pictures are to be found in the palaces, or
in the royal catalogues. The story of Lely's
jealousy of Roestraeten seems to be unfounded.
Roestraeten painted with great success vases of
gold and silver, bas-reliefs, mOsical instruments,
&c., which he designed with precision. His
pictures were well coloured, and touched both with
delicacy and freedom. The exact date of his visit
to England is not ascertained ; but he must have
resided here many years, as he met with an
accident at the fire of London, and was lame for
the rest of his life. He died in London in 1698.

ROETTIERS, FRANgois, was born in Paris in
1702, of a Flemish family. His, ancestors had
for many years been medallists to the French
mint. He was probably a scholar of Nicholas de
Largilliere, from whose designs he etched the
following plates :

Christ bearing His Cross.
The Onicifixion.

There are a few others by him of less import-
ance. He died in 1770.

ROFFB, John, an English engraver, born in 1769.
His practice was chiefly confined to architectural
plates. He died at HoUoway in 1850. Specimens
of his work are to be found in :

The Marbles ia the British Museum. 1812.
Murphy's Arabian Antiquities of Spain. 1816.

ROGEL, Johann, an engraver on wood, practised
at Augsburg about the year 1567.

ROGEL, Maestro. See Van der Weyden,

ROGER, Adolphe, a French historical painter.-
born at Palaiseau in 1797. He studied under Gros,
and obtained honours in 1822, 1831, and 1841. He
had considerable practice as a decorative painter,
and executed works at the churches of St. Elizabeth,
St. Roch, and Notre Dame de Lorette, in Paris.
He died in 1880. Amongst his works we may also
name :

Versailles. Gallery. Battle of Civitella. 1842.

Trianon. Charles V. entering the Louvre.
„ „ Takmg the Veil.

„ „ Ordination of Africans.

ROGER DE Bruges. See Van der Weyden,

ROGER, EUG^NB, a French historical and portrait
painter, born at Sens in 1807. He studied under
Hersent, and obtained the second prix de Home in
1827. Six years after he obtained the coveted
grand prix. He died in Paris in 1840. Amongst
his works are :

Nancy. Museum. Finding the body of Charles the

Versailles. Gallery, Charlemagne crossing the Alps.

„ „ Baising the Siege of Salerno.


ROGERS, George, amateur, painted landscapes
of some merit, and was an exhibitor at the Spring
Gardens Exhibition in 1761 and 1762. He married
a daughter of Jonathan Tyers, the proprietor of
Vauxhall, and settled in the Isle of Wight. He
died about 1786.

ROGERS, Philip Hutchins, an English land-
scape painter, born at Plymouth in 1794. His
works were chiefly inspired by Devonshire scenery,
and occasionally appeared at the Academy up to
1835. During his latter years he resided in Ger-
many, and died at Lichtenthal, near Baden-Baden,
in 1853. Amongst his works are :

Karlsruhe. Gallery. View of Plymouth Harbour.

„ „ View of Baden.

Saltram House. Two views of Saltram.

Strasbourg. Museum. Entrance to Plymouth Harbour.

ROGERS, William, an English engraver, born
in London about the year 1545. It has not been
ascertained from whom he learned the art of
engraving, but he worked with the burin in a neat
though stiff style. He engraved a few portraits, and
several frontispieces, and other book ornaments.
He was one of the earliest English engravers to
practise the art as a profession. He usually
marked his plates with the cipher "VVD

We have the following prints by him :


Queen Elizabeth ; a small upright plate.

Henry IT. of France ; a whole length.

The Emperor Maximilian ; a whole length.

The Earl of Essex, Earl Marshal of England.

The Bari of Cumberland.

Thomas Howard, Duke of Norfolk.

Sir John Harrington ; the title to his ' Orlando Furioso.'

Thomas Moffat; a frontispiece to his 'Theatre of

John Gerarde, Surgeon ; frontispiece to his ' Herbal.'

ROGERSON, R., portrait painter, who lived in
the middle of the 17th century. He pamted a




room in the Pope's Head Tavern, in London, in
1688 (Pepya).

ROGBRY, Roger db, a French artist, who,
about 1670, painted a series of pictures at Fon-
tainebleau, from the legend of Hercules.

ROGHMAN, Geeetruydt, the daughter of Roe-
land Roghman, engraved after her father. Bartsch
has described Le Chateau de Zuylen, engraved by
her after her father's design, and there are also
by her a ' Massacre of the Innocents,' after
Tintoretto, and about twenty plates more of less

ROGHMAN, Hk. Lmr., and P. H. ROGHMAN.
These names are signed to two or three engraved
portraits. The first appears on a portrait of M.
Barent Jansz, »t. 53, 1627 — H. L. Roghman
sculpsit — the H. L. and E. forming a cipher ; the
second on a portrait of A. I. Roscius in an oval —
P. H. Roghman, sculpsit. The latter signature
is also affixed to a, print after Rubens, and to a
portrait of Erasmus.

ROGHMAN, (or Rogman,) Roeland, a Butch
painter and engraver, was born at Amsterdam in
1697. It is not known by whom he was instructed
in art, but he was a good painter of landscapes.
His pictures usually represent views in Holland,
and (jn the borders of Germany. They exhibit a
close attention to nature in the forms, but his colour
is dark and disagreeable. He has left several
landscape etchings. His landscapes have a strong
resemblance to those of Rembrandt, with whom
he was on terms of intimacy. He sometimes
painted distances to the figures of Lingelbach.
His drawings with the pen are very free and
spirited, and prove that he was an artist of much
talent. They are very numerous. The Rotterdam
Museum possesses a collection of twenty-five of
the best. His etchings, like his drawings, re-
present views of chateaux and ruined buildings.
Several of the plates have been re-bitten, and these
appear scratchy and crude. His prints are thirty-
nine in number ; six, published by Peter Nolpe
with the title of ' Views in the Wood at the Hague,'
are retouched and finished with the graver by
Nolpe himself. It is supposed that Roghman
died in the workhouse at Amsterdam about 1686.

EOGIER, NicoLADS, called also Kaynoot Ru-
GIBEO, a Flemish landscape painter, who flourished
from 1620 to about 1640, and is said to have
painted in the style of Joachim Patinir.

EOKERZ, Hendbick, an obscure Dutch engraver,
by whom we have a few portraits, very indifferently
executed ; among them that of
■William Henry, Fiicce of Orange, on Horseback ; after
P. Janse.

ROKES, Hekdriok. See Sorgh.

ROLAN, Fanguerbe, a Spanish painter, who
practised in the neighbourhood of Seville, and in
1663 painted a picture of the Virgin and St. Francis,
which was bought by the Tribunal of Indian
Commerce for 4633 maravfedis.

ROLI, Giuseppe Maria, (Rolli,) born at Bo-
logna in 1654, was a scholar of Domenico Maria
Canuti. There are several of his frescoes in the
churches of his native city. We have also some
etchings by him after the principal Bolognese
painters, among which are the following :

Charity ; after Lodovico Carracci.

A Sibyl ; after Lorenzo Pasinelli.

Lucretia in the act of stabbing herself ; after Canuti.

The art of Drawing ; after Pasinelli.

His brother, Antonio, born at Bologna in 1643,

is mentioned by Crespi as a decorative painter of
much merit, and the pupil and assistant of Angiol
Michele Colonna. He died in 1696.

ROLLAND, AUGUSTE, painter, architectural
draughtsman, and modeller, born at Metz in 1797.
He had much versatility in his art, painting
landscape, genre pictures, and still-life. His
travels in Switzerland and the Pyrenees furnished
him with many subjects. He died in 1869. By
him :

Metz. Musie. Cow-stable in the Pyrenees.

„ „ L'Etang de Bouligny.

„ „ Cows crossing a Stream.

ROLLER, Jean, painter, born in Paris in 1798.
He began life as a piano-maker, but afterwards
set up as a portrait painter, and was also a sculp-
tor. He was a pupil of Gautherot. He died in
1866. Works :

Portrait of M. Coriolis {Acadimie des Sciences).
Portrait of M. Dumas, president of the Academie des

ROLLIN, J., a French painter of little notei
who painted at Avignon at the beginning of the
17th century, and whose works had some local

ROLLMANN, Julius, landscape painter, born
in 1827, was originally apprenticed to a decorative
painter at Diisseldorf, and at the same time worked
at the Academy. Thence he went to the Berlin
Academy. After travelling in the Bavarian moun-
tains he settled in Munich, but returned again to
Diisseldorf, and in 1868 he was in Italy. His
studies in Bavaria, the Tyrol, and Venice, displayed
great originality. In the National Gallery at
Berlin there is a ' Mountain Scenery, Bavaria,'
by him. He died at Diisseldorf in 1865.

ROLLO, , a painter of whom nothing

is known, except that the name appears on an
' Ecce Homo,' in the manner of Guido. The sig-
nature is Ratio Gallois, F.

ROLLOS, PiETER, a German engraver, who
resided at Frankfort about the year 1620. He
engraved a frontispiece to a book of Emblems, by
G. de Montenay, published in that city in 1619.
He executed a few other book plates, in a very
indifferent style. He sometimes signed his prints
P. ROL. F.

ROLLS, Charles, draughtsman and engraver,
born 1800. He assisted the I'indens in their
' Gallery of British Art,' and also exhibited some
fruit and flower pieces at the British Institution
between 1856 and 1867.

ROMA, Spieidonb, an Italian portrait painter
and decorator, who practised in England in the
18th century. His works appeared at the Academy
from 1774 to 1778, and he painted a ceiling at the
old East India House. He died in 1787.

ROMAGNESI, Joseph Antoine, lithographer,
born in Paris, 1776. He is best known as a
sculptor, but also published various prints for
illustration, among which were a set for ' Les
Aventures de Sappho ' (1818). He died in 1852.
Two more artists of the same name and family
were at work at the same time.

ROMAIN, de la Rue, painted landscapes

in the manner of Jan Asselyn, Swaneveldt, and
Jan Both. No details of his life are known, but
excellent pictures by him occasionally appear, and
pass for the work of one or other of those masters.

ROMAIN, Le. See Mignard, Pietbr.

ROMAN, BABTOLOMii, a Spanish painter, born at





Madrid in 1596. He was first a scholar of Vin-
ceuzio Carducci, but finished his education in tlie
scliool of Velazquez. He was an eminent painter
of history, and executed several considerable works
for the church of the Franciscans at Aloala de Los
Henares. In the sacristy of the Padres Cayetanos,
at Madrid, there are some pictures by him, which
his biographer. Palomino, compares to those of
Rubens. He died at Madrid in 1669.

ROMANELLI, Giovanni Feancesoo, born at
Viterbo in 1610. Having shown an early inclina-
tion for art, his father sent him to Rome, where
he had the good fortune of being taken under
the protection of Cardinal Barberini, by whom
he was placed in the school of Pietro da Cortona.
His indefatigable application to his studies under
that master rendered him in a few years one
of the most promising young men in Rome ;
and he was left by his master to finish, during
his absence in Lombardy, some paintings he had
commenced in the Palazzo Barberini. On leaving
the school of P. da Cortona, he altered his style,
and adopted one distinguished by more elegance
but less vigour. He painted a 'Deposition from
the Cross,' for the church of S. Ambrogio, which
was BO much applauded, that Pietro, alarmed for
his own reputation, painted a ' Stoning of Stephen,'
in which even Bernini admitted his superiority.
Romanelli painted for the church of St. Peter the
' Presentation in the Temple,' which has been exe-
cuted in mosaic, and the original placed at the
Certosa. On the death of Urban VIII., and the
succession of Innocent to the papal chair. Cardinal
Barberini left Rome for Paris, where he recom-
mended the talents of Romanelli to Mazarin.
Romanelli was engaged to decorate some apart-
ments in the Palais Mazarin and in the Louvre,
where he painted a series of subjects from the
' .iEneid.' On his return to Rome he was employed
in several important works, and was preparing for
a second journey to France, when he died at
Viterbo in 1662. Works :



Copy of Guide's ' Triumph of



Herodias with the head of John
the Baptist.



A series of CJassical Frescoes in
the Galerie Mazarine.



Veuus and jEneas.


Venus and Adonis.



Israelites gathering Manna.


A series of Classical frescoes in
the Musee des Antiques^ the
Salles des Saisons, de la Faix,
de Septime Severe^ and des An-


^'ah af^ \ Presentation in the Temple.


S. Ayostino

S. Thomas of Villanuova.

S. Ambrogio

Descent from the Cross.



Glory of S. Lorenzo.

ROMANELLI, Urbano, the son of Giovanni
Francesco Romanelli, born at Viterbo about the
year 1645, was instructed by his father, after
whose death he became a disciple of Giro Ferri.
There are some of his works in the churches at
Velletri and Viterbo. He died young, in 1682.

ROMANET, Antoine Louis, a French engraver,
born in Paris in 1748. He was a pupil of J. G.
Wille, and afterwards resided at Bas'.e, where he
engraved several plates under the direction of
Christian de Mechel. He was one of the engravers
employed on the plates in the ■' Galerie du Palais


Royal,' the 'Galerie d'Orleans,' the 'Cabinet Le
Brun,' 'Picturesque Views in Switzerland,' and
other works of a like kind. He also engraved many
detached pieces after Italian, Dutch, and French
painters. He died in 1807. The best plates,
perhaps, are :


Charles Theodore, Elector of Bavaria ; after P. Battoni.
Louis Francis de Bourbon, Prince of Conti ; after Le

Tellier. . , ,. „

John Grimoux, Painter ; after a picture hy hvnseif.


The Death of Adonis ; after Kupetzky.
The Village Printseller ; after Seekatz.
The Ballad Singer ; after the same.

ROMANINO, GiROLAMO, was born about 1485
at Brescia, and is said to have first been the pupil
of Stefano Rizzi. His family came from the small
town of Romano, on the Serio, whence they took a
surname which was already two generations old
when it came to Girolamo. He was free of the
Brescian Guild of Painters previous to 1610, in
which year he finished and signed a ' Pietk ' for the
church of St. Lorenzo, which is now in Lord
Wimborne's collection. One of his earliest existing
altar-pieces is that of the church of S. Francesco,
at Brescia, representing the ' Virgin and Child be-
tween St. Francis and St. Anthony, and four kneel-
ing Saints,' which was probably finished before
1512. In that year Romanino went to Padua to
avoid the troubles in which Brescia was involved
by' the wars between the Venetians and the
French. When at Padua, Romanino found a home
with the Benedictine Monks of Santa Giustina,
and painted for them an altar-piece, of the 'Virgin
and Child, attended by St. Benedict, St. Justina,
St. Monica, and St. Prosdocimo.' He also decor-
ated their refectory with a ' Last Supper,' and
finished an 'Enthroned Virgin and Child with
Saints.' All three pictures are now in the Gallery
at Padua. In 1517 he returned to Brescia,
having paid a short visit to Cremona, where on
his second visit in 1519-20 he painted four large
frescoes in the cathedral, representing ' Christ
before Pilate,' the ' Scourging,' the ' Crowning with
Thorns,' and 'Christ delivered to the Jews.' On
his return, finding Moretto established in Brescia,
he entered into a friendly rivalry with that artist,
and in 1521 joined him in a contract to embellish
the chapel of the Corpus Christi in S. Giovanni ;
Romanino's part being the frescoes representing
the ' Adoration of the Eucharist,' ' Two Evangelists,'
and the ' Prophets ' ; also two canvases with
the ' Resurrection of Lazarus,' and the ' Magdalen
anointing the Saviour' s Feet.' His next work was
on the frescoes from scenes in the life of St.

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 104 of 201)