Michael Bryan.

Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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Nineveh,' for the King of Denmark, and was chosen
to paint a picture as an offering from the Court of
Rome to King Louis XIV. of France, which resulted
in the battle-piece now in the Louvre. In 1661,
on the occasion of the marriage of the Heir
Apparent of Tuscany to Marguerite d'Orleans, he
again visited Florence, but soon returned to Rome,
where, in 1668, he alone of living artists was
allowed to exhibit his pictures, and the works
then shown were his ' Triumph of St. George,'
and ' Saul and the Witch of Eudor.' His last work
of any importance was a 'S. Turpin,' finished in
1670, after which his faculties began to fail, and
in 1673 he died at Rome. His principal pictures

Dusseldorf. Gallery.
Edinburgh. Nat. Gall.

Florence. Gallery.


Genoa. Gataneo Palace.


Nat. Gall.

The Entombment.


Kockj Landscape.

Two Studies of Men in Armour.

(Also etched by Salvator.^
Landscape, with Figures a.nd

The Leucadian Leap.
Wo^d Scenery.
Portrait of Himself.
Two Sear Views.

Temptation of S. Anthony.

Jonah at Nineveh.
Hagar in the Desert.
The Catiline Conspiracy.
Fall of the Giants.
Christ clearing the Temple.
Jeremiah restored to Liberty.

Landscape, with Waterfall.
A Landscape with the fable of

Mercury and the Woodman.
Forest Scene, with Tobias and

the Angel.
Eiver Scene.
Landscape with Figures.


''^f::'}^ Holy Family.


„ Jacob attending his Flock,

„ The Soothsayers.


Chiesa della ) . __„, ,.


Brera. Purgatory.


^t:?.f^^:}^-^-p -

„ ai

San Martino. St. Nicolas of Pari.


Louvre. Saul and the Witch of Endor


„ Large Battle-piece.

Petersburg. fTermz/ayc. The Prodigal Son.


„ Nausicaa and Ulysses.


„ Democritus and Protagoras.


„ Soldiers Gaming.

„ Three Portraits.

„ Four Landscapes.


Fal. Colonna. St. John Preaching.


„ St. John in the Desert.

Corsini. Two Landscapes.


„ Prometheus.

Barherini. St. Jerome in the Desert.


iSpada. Four Landscapes..


Eospialiosi. Sear View.

Dublin. Nat. Gallery.
Dulwich. Gallery.


Baptism of Christ (?).

Soldiers Gaming (study for the

Hermibage picture).
Pool with Monks Fishing.

Salvator was a free and excellent etcher ; he has
left 40 plates, of which the following are perhaps
the best:

St. William, the Hermit.
Plato, and his Scholars.
Battle of Tritons.
Soldier sitting on a Hill.

ROSA, SiGlSMOKDO, an Italian painter of the
18th century, and a pupil of Giuseppe Chiari. He
practised in Rome, but never attained to much
excellence in his art.

ROSA, SiKio. See Badalocchio.

ROSA, Sted'ANO, painter, a native of Brescia,
the brother of Cristoforo Rosa, with whom he was
associated in decorative and architectural painting.
He also painted portraits and historical subjects.
He was working at Brescia about 1670.

ROSALBA. See Caekiera.

ROSALES, Eduardo, painter, born at Madrid in
1837. He studied at the Academy of Madrid under
Ferrant and Madrazo, and completed his education
at Rome, where the works of the old masters
exercised a strong influence on his art. Returning




to Spain he worked for a time in Murcia, oocupying
himself principally with subjects from Arab life.
His first exhibited work of importance was the
' Isabella dictating her Will,' for which he. gained
honours at the Paris Exposition of 1867. He was
appointed Director of the Spanish Academy at
Rome, and died there on the 13th September,
1873. Among his pictures we may also name :

St. Joseph, (/m the church at Vergara.)
Don John of Austria at S. Tuste.
King Amadeo's entry into Madrid.
Death of Lucretia.
Portrait of Don Garcia Aznar.

The two Evangelists, St. John and St. Matthew. {For
the church of S. Tom&s at Madrid.)

ROSALIBA, Antonello, a painter of Messina,
who flourished in the first years of the 16th cen-
tury. He was one of the latest artists of the
insular school, before it became fused in that of
Italy. His works have now disappeared from his
native island. A ' Virgin and Child,' painted for
the village church of Postunina, was one of the
last to remain in Sicily.

ROSASPINA, Francesco, engraver, born at
Rimini in 1762, was a pupil of Bartolozzi, and at
first worked in the dot manner. Afterwards, how-
ever, he produced plates in line and aquatint, and
made drawings in sepia. He was a member of
the National Institute, and a professor of the
Bologna Academy. He died in that city in 1841.
Among his best plates we may name :

Dance of Cupids ; after Alliano.
Cupid bending his Bow ; after Franceschini.
St. Francis of Assisi ; after Domenichino.
Dead Christ ; after Correggio.
Love ; after Guercino.
Mary Magdalen ; after Cagnacci.
A series of Napoleonic Battles ; after Appiani.
A series of twenty-five plates in the chalk manner;
after Farmigiano.

He also superintended the engraving and pub-
lication of. the work entitled ' La Pinacoteca,' con-
sisting of about seventy-two of the best paintings
in the Academy of the Fine Arts at Bologna. He
signed his plates sometimes with his full name,
sometimes with his initials separately, and some-
times with a monogram.
ROSCH. See Resch.
ROSE, Nicholas. See De Liemaker.
ROSE, Susan Penelope, miniature painter, was
the daughter of Richard Gibson, the Dwarf, by
whom she was probably instructed in the rudiments
of her art. She was the wife of a jeweller, and
painted portraits in water-colours with great
freedom. Her miniatures were of a larger size
than usual, and possessed considerable merit. She
died in 1700.

ROSE, William, landscape painter, was born in
1810. He exhibited frequently at the Royal
Academy, and with the Society of British Artists,
views taken from the rural scenes of the Home
Counties, such as 'Kentish Heath Scene,' 'Clover
Time,' ' Ashdown Forest,' &c. He died at Eden-
bridge in 1873.

ROSEL, August Johann von Rosenhof, painter
and engraver, born at Augustenberg in Arnstadt,
in 1705, was a pupil and cousin of the fresco and
animal painter, Wilhelm Rosel, and studied in the
Academy at Niiremberg. At tirst he devoted him-
self to architectural painting, but afterwards to
natural history, especially insects. He died at
Nuremberg in 1759,

ROSEL, von RosEN^ioif Fbanz, (ROslbb, Rose-
lids, RoosHOFF,) an animal painter of Niiremberg,
who lived in the 17th century. In the Munich
Pinakothek is a picture of a ' Wolf Devouring a
Lamb,' which formed the subject of a contest
between Rosel and Paudiss, in which the former
was victorious, while the latter, if we may believe
Descamps, died of grief at having lost. In the
Augsburg Gallery there are a 'Pox devouring a
Hen,' and 'A Cock,' by him.

ROSELLI, Mati'EO, (Rosselli, ) born at Florence
in 1578, was first a pupil of Gregorio Pagani, and
afterwards of Passignano, with whom he visited
Rome, and improved his style by studying the
works of Raphael and Pohdoro da Caravaggio.
On finishing his studies at Rome he returned to
Florence, where he resided for the remainder of his
life, and his works are little known out of that
city. He was much employed by the Grand Duke
Cosimo II., and embelUshed the Poggio Imperiale
with several frescoes, representing the history of
the Medici family. He sometimes emulated the
style of Lodovico Cardi, called Cigoli, as particularly
appears in his picture of the 'Nativity,' in the
church of S. Gaetano, which is considered his finest
work, and in the ' Martyrdom of S. Andrea,' at the
Ognissanti. Roselli excelled in fresco painting, in
which his works still retain their pristine purity
and freshness. Roselli founded a school, in which
Manozzi, Volterrano the younger, and others were
scholars. He died in 1651.

Florence. SS. Annun- \ Pope Alexander VI. approving
nata. j the Statutes of the Servites.

„ Ognissanti. Martyrdom of S. Andrew.

„ S. Gaetano. The Nativity.

„ Fittz. The Triumph of David.

„ m)'!:i. His own Portrait.

„ Academy. Adoration of the Magi.

" "verialT' J -A-Uegorical history of the Medici.

ROSELLI, NiccoLO, of Ferrara,floui-ishedaboutthe
year 1568. He is supposed to have been brought
up in the school of the Dossi ; though in some of
his works in the Ferrara Certosa he appears to
have imitated the style of Benvenuto Garofalo.
He painted several pictures for the churches in his
native city, among which are an altar-piece in the
cathedral, representing the 'Virgin and Infant in
the clouds, beneath, St. John the Evangelist and St.
Anthony ; ' and a ' Purification,' in the church of
S. Maria Bianca.

ROSENBERG, Friedbich, an obscure painter
and engraver, born at Dantzic in 1758. He lived
for some time in Switzerland and in Holland, and
finally settled at Altona. He died after 1830.

ROSENBERG, Geoege F., a water-colour painter,
who practised at Bath, and from 1849, in which
year he was elected an associate of the old Water-
Colour Society, exhibited landscapes, chiefly moun-
tain scenery from Scotland and Norway, painted
with much ability. He died at Bath in 1869.

ROSENBERG, Johann Geoeg, a painter, born at
Berlin in 1739, was a cousin of Johann Karl Wil-
helm Rosenberg. He was principally employed on
theatrical scenery, though he also painted portraits
and views of Berlin.

ROSENBERG, Johann Karl Wilhelm, painter
and engraver, born at Berlin in 1737, was mainly
a scene painter. But he engraved a few plates,
among them a Head after the style of Rembrandt.
He died in 1809.

ROSENBRUN. See Rottmayr Von Rosenbrun,





EOSENDAAL, Nicholas, painter, bom at Enk-
huizen, in Holland, in 1636. He accompanied
Jakob Torenvliot to Rome in 1670, and died
in 1686.

EOSENFELDER, Karl Lddwig, painter, born
on the ISth July, 1813, at Breslau. He began his
art studies in 1832 as a pupil of Hensel, at the
Berlin Academy, of which he subsequently became
a member. In 1846 he was appointed Director of
the Art School at Konigsberg, and held that post
until his retirement upon a pension in 1874. A
visit to Italy occupied him in 1851-1852, and in
1865 he was engaged in painting the hall of the
Konigsberg University with pictures having refer-
ence to the Faculties. After his retirement he
continued to live at Kongisberg, and died there
in 1881. Among his works we may mention :

Arrest of Philip of Hesse by order of Alva.

Bienzi's Imprisonment at Avignon.

The Electress of Brandenburg receiving the Sacrament
according to Protestant rites.

Occupation of the Marienburg by the Mercenaries of
the Teutonic Knights in 1457.

Charles I. taking leave of his Children.

Mourners praying at the Bier of Henry IV. (Cologne

EOSENHAGBN, Nioolaas, a Dutch still-life
painter of the 17th century, who worked in the
style of J. De Heem. The details of his life are
unknown. In the Hague Museum there is a picture
of fiuit by him.

EOSENTHALEE, Kaspab, Johann, and Jakob,
three brothers, natives of Nuremberg, who
flourished at the beginning of the 16th century,
and established themselves at Schwaz, in the
Tyrol. Kaspae was an architect and wood-
engraver, and is known by two extant wood-outs,
' Legend des heiligen Vatters Francisci ' (Legend
of St. Francis), and ' Leben unseres erledigers Jesu
Christi ' (Life of our Eedeemer). He built the
church and cloister of the Franciscans at Schwaz,
and his brothers decorated the walls with paintings
representing scenes from the Passion. Kaspar
died in 1514.

EOSEE, EDMi M. B., (or Eoesek,) born at
Heidelberg about 1737. He was a pupil of
Loutherbourg, and in 1765 settled in Paris,
where he gained a reputation as a skilful restorer
and copyist. He restored several of the pictures
in the Louvre. He died in 1804.

EOSETTI. See Eoveee.

EOSETTI, DoMENico, born at Venice in the last
half of the 17th century, painted architectural per-
spectives with some success, but is chiefly known
as an engraver. He was invited by the Elector
Palatine to Diisseldorf, where he engraved twelve
large plates of scenes from the history of Alex-
ander, after Gerard Lairesse, which are now very
scarce, as few impressions were taken. He exe-
cuted several plates for the collection of prints
after some of the most celebrated pictures at
Venice, published in that city by Domenico Louisa
in 1720. He engraved the prints for a ' History of
the Bible,' printed at Venice in 1696 ; and several
single plates after Palma Vecchio, the Bassani,
Tintoretto, P. Liberi, and others. Zani says he
was at work as early as 1675. The year of his
death is not known.

EOSEX, Nicola, (or Niooletto,) called also
NicoLETTO DA MoDENA, an Italian engraver and
goldsmith of the 16th century, was bom in Modena.
Two only of his works are dated ; these bear the
years 1500 and 1512 upon them. At various stages


his style changed from the imitation of Mantegna
to that of Schongauer, Albrecht Diirer, and finally
Marc-Antonio. His execution was rude, and his
plates vary greatly in appearance and merit.
Those which may be given to him with confid-
ence are between seventy and eighty in number,
a total which would be greatly increased if we
accepted the early prints ascribed to him by
Bartsch. His most frequent monograms were

the two here given, Jjy^. orJS^o but he

marked his plates in a great variety of ways,
seldom, however, omitting to sign them altogether.
His better plates, perhaps, are the following :

The Adoration of the Shepherds, with his name.

St. Sebastian, marked Niccolleto, on a tablet.

Another St. Sebastian ; inscribed Ora pro noHs Sancte

St. Jerome Beading ; with the monogram.
St. George, with his name.
St. Martin; inacnhedi Divo Marti ; with his name on a

A Triton embracing a Syren ; marked N. M. on a

A whole-length Figure of Christ standing on a pave-
ment of square stones, &c. Monogram.
St. Sebastian, bis arms tied over his head to a column,

pierced with six arrows. Name at full length on a

St. Sebastian, his arms tied over his head to a column,

and is pierced with three arrows. Monogram.
St. George in complete armour, standing in the centre

of the print. Name at full length on the frieze of a

triumphal arch. (British Museum.)
St. Catherine standing, holding a palm branch in her

left hand, &c. Name at full length on the base of a

piUar on the right.
Mars in Armour, standing in the middle of the print,

companion to the St. George. Name on a tablet

hung to a tree on the left.
Three Children ; one kneeling in the centre, one on

the left raising his left hand, and one on the right

raising his right hand. Name at full length on a

A Female wearing a Helmet, &c., pouring incense on

an Altar. No mark.
Perseus and Pegasus. Perseus holding the bridle of

the horse with both hands.
The Nativity, in a richly decorated ruined Stable.
St. Cecilia standing.
Christ crowned with Thorns ; beneath, a Bishop and a

King, with their attendants, kneeling.
St. Jerome in Penitence.

Group of Four Women. Copy from Albrecht Diirer.
Hercules and the Cretan Bull.
Two whole-length Figures on one plate.
Two winged Boys supporting a Standard. (British

St. Eoch, with a long staff in his right hand, sitting in

an arched building. Landscape with the sun rising

in the distance.
A Marine Monster holding a Sea-horse ; a Boy with a

Torch and Olive-branch sitting on its tsdl. N. M.

on a tablet.
A Man crowned with Laurel looking at some geometri-
cal figures : ' Appeles Poeta,' &o. (British Museum.)
David holding the Head of Goliath. The monogram

at bottom on the left.
St. Anthony standing amidst Buins, turned to the left,

holding a book in his right hand to his breast, and in

his left hand a crutch and a bell ; landscape in the

distance, and the pig is partly seen on the left.

Monogram at bottom on the right.
A Saint, with a large bag on his back, running towards

the left. In the background a landscape with ruins.

The monogram on a stone.
Lazarus, with two Dogs hcking his Sores. Monogram.
Victory. A winged Female Figure standing on the

rums of a large building, holding a lance in one hand,

and a laurel wreath in the other. On a pillar on the

right, ViCTOEiA, and above, N E.




Fame. A winged Female sitting on some armour
writing Fama Volat on a shield. N M on a pillar
to the right.

Neptune holding a Trident, sitting turned to the left ;
his left hand is on an urn from which water flows ;
on the right is a niche with an altar, and a tablet
with the letters ONBM. On Neptune's chair, Nep-


Mercury standing, the winged cap on his head and the

caduceus in bis right hand. On the pedestal of a

pillar NJ.EO.
Mercury standing, caduceus in his left hand, a flute in

his right ; head three-quarters turned to the right.

On the pedestal of a pillar, Meeoueio. At bottom

in front, N. R. at the side of a vase.
Four Children round a Tree. One on the right sits on

a round pedestal ; the second leans its head on the

knee of the first ; the third is on horseback ; and the

fourth standing. In the centre is a tree with a tablet

suspended, on which is inscribed. Opus Nicoletti

DE Mdtina.
The Vestal Tuccia carrying "Water in a Sieve, to prove

her virginity. At top on a scroll hangs a tablet with

the artist's monogram.
Goldsmith's Ornament. A Vase surrounded by four

Wreaths of Boses. The letters N. E. are by the side

of a smaller Vase with pointed top.
A similar Ornament with the letters N. B., but without

the smaller Vase.
Saint Dominic.
The Deceitful Tongue.
Vulcan and Cupid.
Christ with a Globe in His Hand. (British Museum.)

ROSHOFF. See Rosel, August Johann.

ROSI, Alessandro, said to have been born at
Florence in 1627, was a scholar of Cesare Dandini,
under whose tuition he became a reputable painter
of history. There are many of his pictures in the
churches and private collections at Florence. The
cathedral at Prato possesses a ' S. Francesco di
Paolo ' by him ; and two good Bacchanalian sub-
jects used to be in the collection of the Grand
Duke. He died at Florence in 1697.

ROSI, Giovanni, a Florentine painter of the
17th century. He was one of the artists who
formed an early school of landscape painting in
Italy before the time of Salvator Rosa. He was
working about 1620.

ROSI, Zanobi, painter, a native of Florence. He
was one of the pupils of Christofano AUori, and
completed some of the pictures left unfinished by
his master, so that he was still living in 1621,
the year of Allori's death.

ROSITl, Giovanni Battista, an artist of Forli,
mentioned by Lanzi as a contemporary of Palme-
giani, was the author of a ' Virgin and Child ' of
much merit in the church of S. Maria dell' Orto at
Velletri, bearing the following inscription: "Jo.
Baptista de Rositis de Forlivio pinxit, I. S. 0. 0. de
Mense Martii."

ROSLANBY, Wells, ornamental painter and
designer, practising in London in the second half
of the 18th century. He died October 1, 1776,
and his wife is said to have starved herself to
death from grief at his loss.

ROSLBR, Johann Kael, (or Rosslbk,) portrait
painter, born at Gorlitz on the 18th May, 1775.
He began life as a smith, but at the age of tw-enty
determined to become an artist. He worked in-
dustriously at the Dresden Academy, and gained
further knowledge by studies in Italy. In 1810
he became a member of the Dresden Academy,
and five years later was appointed Professor. He
died at Dresden in 1845. Among his best works

The Marys at the Sepulchre.

The Elector Maurice of Saxony after the Battle of

Portrait of the Baroness von der Eecke.
Portrait of King Anthony of Saxony.
Portrait of the Actor and Entomologist Ochsenheimer.

ijn the Dresden Galtery.)

ROSLER, MicHAKL, an obscure German engraver,
who resided at Nuremberg about the year 1626.
He engraved several portraits for a folio volume,
published in that city, entitled ' Icones Bibliopo-
larum et Typographorum.' Zani mentions a
Michael Rosier as a German engraver who flour-
ished about 1728 ; and Nagler a Rossler of Niirem-
berg, as living in the first half of the 18th century.

ROSLIN, Alexander, a native of Sweden, born
at Malmoe in 1718, worked in Paris as a portrait-
painter, and in 1753 became a member of the
Academy. In 1765 he gained a prize in competition
with Greuze for a family portrait for the Duke
of Rochefoucauld. He married Mdlle. Giroust, a
French artist, and after her death returned for a
time to Sweden. He subsequently painted for a
time in Russia. His portrait of the Duchess Marie
Christine of Saxony was engraved by Bartolozzi.
Roslin died in 1793. The following are among his
best known works :

Paris. Zouvre. Portrait of a Lady. {La Cane

Stockholm. Gallery. Portrait of Gustavus III. aiid

his brothers, Prince Charles
and Prince Frederick. 1771.

„ „ Bust Portrait of Gustavus III.


„ „ Portrait of Duke Frederick

Adolphus, brother of Gusta-
vus Adolphus. 1770.

„ „ Portrait of the Painter's Wife.


ROSLIN, Mabib Suzanne, {nee Gikoust,) the
wife of Alexander Roslin, the Swedish painter,
was born in France in 1735. She practised in
pastel at Paris with so much success that in
1770 she was. elected an Associate of the Academy.
She died in Paris in 1772.

ROSS, F. W. R., an English natural history
draughtsman, born in 1792. He was an officer in
the Royal Navy, and practised art as a pastime.
He applied himself chiefly to drawings in illustra-
tion of natural history, particularly excelling in
the rendering of birds, which he treated with
much delicacy and finish of draughtsmanship, and
brilliancy of colour. His later years were passed
at Topshara (Devon), where he died in 1860.

ROSS, H., miniature painter, a Scottish artist,
whose father was a gardener in the service of the
Duke of Marlborough, and who gained a certain
celebrity by the portraits and portrait groups in
miniature, which he exhibited at the Royal
Academy in the early years of the present century.
He was the father of Sir W. Ross.

ROSS, James, an English engraver, born in
1745, was a pupil of R. Hancock. We have by
him several views of the city of Hereford, very
neatly engraved ; they are small plates, and
are taken from drawings by G. Powle. He also
executed some plates in illustration of Green's
' City of Worcester,' and of a ' History of Tewkes-
bury.' He died at Worcester, 1821.

ROSS, Karl, a painter, born at Altekoppel, in
Holstein, in 1816. After studying from 1832 to

1836 in the Academy of Copenhagen he went in

1837 to Greece, where he worked at landscape





painting for two years, and then went to Munich.
From 1842 to 1843 he lived in Rome ; in 1846 he
was in Paris ; in 1850 in Rome again. Among
his works we may name, 'Naxos,' 'Temple of
Phigalia in Arcadia,' and a ' Forest Party.' He
died at Munich in 1867.

ROSS, Mrs. Maria, an English portrait painter,
born in 1766. She was the sister of Anker Smith,
the engraver, the wife of H. Ross, miniature painter,
and the mother of Sir W. C. Ross, R.A. She
sometimes exhibited at the Academy, commencing
in 1811, and occasionally painted history. She
died in London in 1836.

ROSS, Robert TnoRBnRN, a Scottish subject
painter, born at Edinburgh in 1816. He was a
pupil of Simson and Sir W. Alien. In early life
he practised as a portrait painter in pastel, but
became better known as a painter of genre. His
pictures have an echo of the pastellist about them.
His works first appeared in 1845 at the Scottish
Academy, of which he became an Associate in
1862, and a full member in 1869. He died in 1876.
Amongst his chief pictures were :

The Thorn in the Foot.
The Spinning-wheel.
Cottage Children.

Highland Pets.
The Broken Pitcher.
■Wha's at the Window?

ROSS, Sir William Charles, an English minia-
ture painter, born in London in 1794. He was
the son of H. and Maria Ross. Both his parents
being artists, he at a very early age showed a
predilection for art. He entered the schools of
the Academy in 1808, and made distinguished
progress, and winning many prizes. He was also
awarded by the Society of Arts no less than seven
premiums between 1807 and 1821. His two chief
works at this time were ' The Judgment of Brutus,'
and ' Christ casting out Devils among the Tombs.'
His name first appeared in the Academy Cata-

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 107 of 201)