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Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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born at Versailles in 1776. He claims a place hero
as the painter of many of the battles in which he
was engaged, and in which victory fell to the
French ; among them are those of Marengo, LodI,
Aboukir, Mount Tabor, the Pyramids, the Passage
of the Rhine by Jourdan, the Battle of Moskowa,
and several others, all sketched at the several
actions, and afterwards transferred to canvas. He
died at Toulouse in 1848. Some of his battle-
pieces have been engraved by Jacques Joseph
Coiny and Bovinet.

LE JDGE, G., a French engraver of the 17th
century, studied probably under Vouet. Among
his works are :

A Holy Family ; after his own design.

A series of thirteen Mythological Subjects ; after Agos-

tino Carracci,
The Communion of St. Jerome ; after the same.

LE KEUX, Henry, a line-engraver, born in
1787, vpas a younger brother of John Le Keux.
He was articled to Basire, and was engaged on
the Oxford Almanacs, and afterwards on the illus-
trations for the ' Beauties of England and Wales.'
He assisted his brother in Britten's ' Cathedrals,'
and with Blore produced the ' Monumental Re-
mains.' He engraved Claude's 'Embarkation of
St. Ursula,' as well as plates for the ' Forget-me-
not,' and other annuals, after Martin and Prout,
and after Turner for Rogers's ' Poems.' He retired
from his profession in 1838, and went to reside at
Booking in Essex, where he engaged in a crape
manufactory, and died in 1868.

LE KEUX, John, a line- engraver, was bom in
London in 1783. At first lio worked with his
father, a pewter manufacturer, but at the age of
about seventeen he was apprenticed to Basire, the
engraver. Architectural and antiquarian subjects
chiefly engaged his attention, and he worked much
in conjunction with Britton. He died in 1846.
Many of his works are to be found in :

Britton's ' Architectural Antiquities.'

„ ' Cathedral Antiquities.'
Beck's ' Annales Furnienses.'
Neale's ' Memorials of Oxford.'

„ ' Westminster Abbey.'
Pugin's ' Architectural Antiquities of Normandy.'

„ ' Specimens of Gothic Architecture.'

„ ' Examples of Gothic Architecture.'
Le Keux's * Memorials of Cambridge. '

Amongst bis separate plates are :

Maecenas' Villa ; after Wilson.
Basby Abbey ; after Turner.
Home ; after the same.

LELIE, De. See De Lelie.
LELIENBERGH, Coenelis. See Lilienbeegh.
LELIO DA NOVELLARA. See Orsi.



lielli



PAINTERS AND ENGEAVl^RS,



Le nrire



LELLI, Ebcole, was born at Bologna in 1702,
and became a scholar of Giovanni Pietro Zanotti.
He appears to have applied himself more to the
Btudy of the anatomy of the human body than to
painting ; and is more celebrated for his anatomical
preparations in wax, at the Bolognese Institute,
than for his works as a painter. The only paint-
ings by him mentioned are his picture of the Virgin
and Infant, with St. Anthony of Padua and St.
Clara, in the church of Sant' Andrea delle Scuole,
at Bologna ; and a St. Fidele, at the Gappuccini,
at Piacenza. He was an eminent teacher of de-
sign, and had many pupils. He afterwards became
director of the Academy at Bologna, and died
there in 1766. He has also left some engravings,
one of the best of which is ' Hagar and Ishmael.'

LELLI, Giovanni Antonio, was born at Home
in 1591, and was a disciple of Lodovico Gardi,
called Cigoli. Although he was more employed in
easel pictures for private collections, there are
some of his works in the churches at Rome, which
entitle him to the rank of a respectable historical
painter. In San Matteo in Merulano is an admired
picture by him of the ' Annunciation ' ; and in the
cloister of La Minerva, his most celebrated work
of the ' Visitation of the Virgin to St. Elisabeth.'
He died in 1640.

LELOIR, Louis, a French water-colour painter,
was born in Paris in 1843. He was a pupil of his
father Auguste Leloir, and sent to the Salon of
1863 'La Massacre des Innocents,' which was
followed by other excellent works. He died in
1884.

LE LOREAIN, Louis Joseph, a French painter
and engraver, was born in Paris in 1715. He was
a pupil of Jean Dumont, and visited Rome for
improvement. After his return he was received a
member of the Academy. He went to St. Peters-
burg in 1758, where he chiefly distinguished him-
self as a painter of theatrical decorations. He
died in that city in 1760, Two paintings by him
are mentioned :

The King of France as Apollo, protecting Fainting and
Sculpture.

The Graces ; a ceiling-piece.

He engraved some prints from his own designs,
and the following after J. F. de Troy :

The Judgment of Solomon.
Solomon sacrificing to Idols.
Esther before Ahasuerus.
The Death of Cleopatra.

LELY, Sir Peter. See Van der Paes.

LE MAIRE, Pranqois, was bom at Maison Rouge,
near Pontainebleau, in 1620. He was a portrait
painter and a good oolourist, and was the master
of Santerre. He was received into the Academy
in 1657, upon the portrait of Jacques Sarrazin, and
died in Paris in 1688. He was the nephew of
Pierre Le Maire, and to distinguish him from his
corpulent relative was called ' Le petit Le Maire.'

LE MAIRE, Pierre, a French painter and
engraver, was born at Dammartin, near Paris, in
1597. He was first instructed by Claude Vignon,
and resided afterwards twenty years at Rome.
After having returned to Paris in 1637 he went
again to Rome, where he however did not stay
long. He was the intimate friend of Poussin, and
was called ' Le Maire Poussin ; ' and, as he was a
corpulent man, he was also known as 'Le gros
Le Maire.' He died at Gaillon in 1659. In the
Louvre there are by him two views of the ancient



monuments of Rome. He distinguished himself
also as an etcher. His plates, executed in the
style of Vignon, are correctly drawn, and include
fourteen subjects from the history of Paris, 1637 ;
and ' David before the Ark,' after Domenichino.

LBMBKE, JoHANN Philipp, was born at Nurem-
berg in 1631. He studied for some time under
Matthaus Weyer and Georg Strauoh, and then
went, in 1653, to Italy, where the works of Pieter
van Laer and Jean Courtois had a great influence
on his style of painting. Lembke went subse-
quently to the court of Sweden to bo principal
painter to Charles XII. at Stockholm, where he
eventually died in poverty in 1713. It is in
Sweden — more especially in the castle of Drottning-
holm — that his pictures may be seen. The Vienna
Gallery has a ' Skirmish ' by Lembke of much
merit. The favourite subjects of this artist are
battles, marches, sieges, skirmishes — in fact any-
tliing with military action. His works are good in
composition, and equally well drawn and coloured.
He also etched several plates.

LEMENS, Balthazar, was born at Antwerp ,
in 1637, and was one of the first artists who visited
England after the Restoration, which held out a
prospect of a revival of the encouragement of the
arts ; but his expectations were disappointed. He
painted small historical subjects, in which he dis-
played a fruitful invention, and a neat and ready
execution. But the fashion of the time was con-
fined to portrait painting, and he was under the
necessity of finishing the draperies and backgrounds
for other artists. He died in London in 1704.

LE MERCIES, Antoine. There are by this
artist, who flourished about 1633, some slight but
spirited etchings of architectural ornaments, &o.,
after the designs of P. Collo.

LEMKRCIER, Jacques, born at Pontoise about
1585, was an architect and engraver. In the latter
capacity he etched with a spirited point the design
of a model (not executed) by Michelangelo for
the church of San Giovanni de' Fiorentini at Rome,
1607 ; the statue of Henry IV., erected in San
Giovanni in Laterano, in 1608 ; and the catafalque
at Rome for the obsequies of Henry IV., in 1610.
He died in Paris in 1654.

LEMERCIER, Philipp, was born in 1689 at
Berlin, where he attended the Academy. He after-
wards visited Italy, France, and Hanover. He
gained a reputation as a portrait painter, and
came to England, where he found ample employ-
ment for some time. After travelling through
Ireland and Portugal he returned to Berlin, and
died in 1760.

LE MERSION, Madeleine, a French lady,
etched a plate of a ' Landscape and Cattle,' in a
style resembling that of Danckerts. It was published
at Paris, without date or the name of the painter.

LEMETTAY, Pierre Charles, was born at
Fecamp in 1726. He studied under Boucher, and
after having obtained the first prize for Rome, he
went to that city, and afterwards spent two years
at Turin. On his return to Paris he became a
member of the Academy, and received the title of
painter to the king. He died in Paris in 1760.
His sea-pieces resemble those of Vernet. Leveau
and Zingg engraved after him.

LEMIRB, Antoine Sahvagb. See Sauvaqe.

LE MIRE, Noel, a French draughtsman and
engraver, bom at Rouen in 1724, was a scholar
of Le Bas. He made numerous illustrative en-
gravings for books ; particularly for the ' Contes '

39



Lemoine

of La Fontaine, 1762; 'Les Metamorphoses
d'Ovide,' published by him and Basan in 1767-71 ;
and ten plates after Eisen for an edition of the
'Temple de Gnide,' published in 1762. Independ-
ently of these he engraved for other works a great
number of subjects after Cochin, Eisen, and Moreau.
' Le Gateau des Rois,' a satirical representation of
the partition of Poland, by Moreau, was seized and
the plate destroyed. Le Mire died in Paris m
1801. The following are among his plates :

POETEAITS.
Queen Marie Antoinette, profile. 1775.
Alexis Piron ; after Lipicie.
Mademoi.selle Clairon, crowned by Melpomene, with

four French verses by Garrick ; after Gravelot.
General 'Washington ; aftei- Le Paon.
The Marquis de La Fayette ; after the same.

SDBJEOTS AFTER VARIOUS MASTERS.

The Virgin and Child, with St. John ; after Farmigiano ;
for the Dresden Gallery.

Jupiter and Dauae ; after Annibale Carracci.

The Death of Lucretia ; after Andrea del Sarto.

A pair of Views in Flanders, with figures ; after Tenters.

A View of Mount Vesuvius in 1757 ; after Lacroix.

The Arch of Titus ; after the same.

LEMOINE, Pierre Antoine, a French fruit and
flower painter, was born in Paris in 1605, and died
in the same city in 1665.

LEMOINE, SusANNE. See Silvestre.

LEilONNIER, Anicet Charles Gabriel, was
born at Ronen in 1743. He was destined for a
commercial life, but he abandoned it and studied
in Paris in the school of Vien, with David and
Vincent as fellow-pupils. In 1772 he carried off
the 'grand prix' with his picture of 'The Children
of Niobe killed by Apollo and Diana.' In 1774 he
went to Rome, and afterwards travelled through
Italy. In 1786 he was commissioned by the
Chamber of Commerce of Rouen to paint a picture
to commemorate the visit to Rouen of Louis XVI.,
which was exhibited in 1789, in which year he was
made a member of the Academy. In 1810 he was
appointed Director of the Tapestry Establishment,
which post he held for six years. He also re-
organized the Museum at Rouen, where there are
twelve of his works. He died in Paris in 1824.
Among his chief works are :

The Plague at Milan. 1785. (Rouen Museum.)

The Mission of the Apostles. 1793. {The same.)

Jesus calling to Him the Little Ones. 1783. (The same.)

Christ in the Synagogue. 1782. (The same.)

The Salon of Madame Geoffrin. 1814. (Munich.)

Francis 1. receiving at Fontaiuebleau Kaphael's ' Holy
Family.' 1814. (The same.)

Louis XIV. inaugurating Paget 's statue of Milo of
Orotona. 1814. (I'he same.)

LE MO YNE, FRANgois, a French historical painter,
was born in Paris in 1688. He entered the studio
of Qalloche, and in 1707 gained a prize for drawing,
and in 1711 the 'grand prix' with his picture of
' Boaz and Ruth,' which entitled him to go to Rome,
but the state of aif airs and the royal finances pre-
vented his journey. In 1714 he painted a picture
of ' St. John the Baptist ' for the church of St.
Eustache in Paris. In 1716 he painted a ' Tempt-
ation,' which is in the church of Camon, near
Amiens. In 1718 he became a member of the
Academy, and his reception picture was ' Hercules
and Cacus.' In 1719 he painted a picture of ' St.
Paul before Sergius,' which was destroyed in 1870
in the siege of Strassburg. In 1722 he painted a
picture of ' Tancred and Clorinda,' which is now in
the Museum at Besancon. He then took to deoora-

40



A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF



Lempereur



tive painting, and his first essay was in 1723, when
on the ceiling of the Novitiate of the Jacobins, which
is now the Church of St. Thomas d'Aquin, he
painted a large representation of the ' Transfigura-
tion.' In 1724 a patron, M. Berger, took him to
Italy, where he spent about six months, where he
seems rather to have studied Pietro da Cortona and
Carlo Maratti than Michelangelo. On his return
to Paris he painted ' The Bathers,' and ' Hercules
and Omphale.' In 1727, with his ' Continence of
Scipio,' he divided the honours with De Troy for
a prize offered by Louis XV. In 1730 he painted
an ' Assumption ' for the cupola of the chapel of
the Virgin in the church of St. Sulpice. He was
commissioned to decorate the ceiling of the Grand
Saloon at Versailles with the ' Apotheosis of Her-
cules,' an immense composition, which occupied
him four years. This work procured him in 1736
the appointment of principal painter to the king,
which had been vacant since the death of Boul-
longne in 1733. Notwithstanding this patronage,
and that of the King of Spain, for whom he was
commissioned to paint a large picture representing
' The Defeat of Porus,' owing to the loss of his
protector, the Duke d'Antin, he fell into a state of
melancholy. In 1737, when M. Berger visited
him, he found that his door was closed, and on it
being opened, it was discovered that Le Moyne
had stabbed himself in several places.

Among his principal paintings are the following:

The Apotheosis of Hercules. 1732-36. (Versailles.)
Hercules and Cacus. 1718. (Louvre.)
Hercules and Omphale. 1724. (Louvre.)
Cupid and Gephalus. 1724. ( Versailles Mairie.)
Venus and Adonis. 1729. (Stockholm Museum.)
The Ascension of Mary. (Cupola of St. Sulpice.)
The Transfiguration. [St. Thomas d'Aquin.)

LEMOYNE, FRANgois, (or Lemoine,) was a
French engraver, who flourished in the 17th cen-
tury, and was concerned with Berain and Chauveau
in designing and engraving the ornaments of paint-
ing and sculpture which are in the Gallery of
Apollo in the Louvre.

LEMPEREUR, Catherine Elisabeth, whose
maiden name was Cousinet, the wife of Louis Simon
Lempereur, was born in Paris in 1726. She was
instructed in engraving by Laurent Cars and
Fessard. There are several pleasing prints by
her, among which are the following :

Two Architectural Subjects ; after Fannini.

The Milkmaid ; after Teniers.

The Dangerous Forest ; after Wouwerman.

The Rural Labours ; after the same.

The Departure of Jacob ; after Boucher,

Six Marine Subjects and Sea-ports ; after Vemet.

LEMPEREUR, Jean Baptistb Denis, the son
of Jean Denis Lempereur, was born in Paris about
1740, and inherited the taste and talent of his
father. It is probable that he died in 1796. He
etched several plates after various masters, as well
as from his own designs, among which are the
following :

The Angel announcing to the Shepherds the Nativity

of Christ ; after Boucher.
The Murder of the Innocents ; after Fierre.
Two Landscapes ; after Suisdaei.

LEMPEREUR, Jean Denis, a French amateur
engraver, was born in Paris in 1701, but the date
of his death is not known. He possessed an ex-
tensive collection of pictures and drawings, and
etched a variety of plates after Pietro da Cortona,
Benedetto Castiglione, Van Dyck, and others.



Lempereur



PAINTERS AND ENGRAVERS.



LEilPEREUR, Loms Simon, a French engraver,
was born in Paris in 1728. He was a pupil of
Pierre Aveline and Laurent Cai-s, and became a
member of the Academy in 1776. He afterwards
came to England, where he met with consider-
able encouragement, but after a time returned to
France, and died in Paris in 1807. There are several
prints by this artist, which prove him to have
possessed very eminent talents. The following are
his principal plates :

PORTRAITS.

Etienne Jeaurat, Painter to the King ; after SosHn ;

engraved for his reception into the Academy.
Pierre Laurent Buyrette de Eelioy, a dramatic poet;

an emblematical portrait, after Mlain. 1765.
Philippe Cayeux, sculptor ; after Cochin.
Claude Henri Watelet ; after the same.

SUBJECTS AFTER VARIOUS MASTERS.

The Bathers ; aftej- C. van Loo.

The Triumph of Silenus ; after tlie same.

Aurora and Tithouus ; after Fierre.

A Sacrifice to Pan ; after the same.

Bacchus and Ariadne ; after tlie sanu.

The Forge of Vulcan ; after the same.

The Bape of Europa : after tlie same.

Pyramus and Thisbe ; after J. B. Cazes.

The Garden of Love ; after Rubens ; the same subject

was engraved by Glouet and G. Jegher.
A Spanish Festival ; after Falamedts.
Flemish Merry-makings, a pair ; after Tenia-S.
The Bape of Proserpine ; after La Fosse.

LEMPUT, Remi tan, was born at Antwerp,
and arrived at some excellence by copying the
works of Van Dyck. He came over to England,
and died in London in 1675. His daughter was
an artist, and married Thomas Streater.

LE NAIN, Antoise, Lodis, axd Mathieu, three
brothers, and the sons of a sergeant, were born at
Laon in 1588, 1593, and 1607 respectively. After
learning the elements of painting they together
went to Paris, where Antoine was received as a
painter in 1629. L6tofEe was instructed by Antoine
about 1630, and his paintings, which are inferior
to those of his master, are generally attributed to
Louis and Mathieu. The three brothers worked a
long time together in Paris, and became members
of the Academy in 1648, but both Antoine and
Louis died in Paris in May of the same year.
Mathieu painted historical subjects for churches,
and portraits, among which were those of Cinq
Mars, Cardinal Mazarin, and Anne of Austria.
He died in Paris in 1677. It is probable that
the very interesting and pleasing subjects known
as the works of Le Nain were painted by
Louis and Antoine conjointly. They consist of
familiar objects and incidents, such as interiors of
inns, rustic habitations, domestic enjoyments, card-
players, and village pastimes, and tliey have
characteristic peculiarities that distinguish them
from the works of all other masters. They are un-
equalled for natural expression and an air of truth.
The pictures by the Le Nains, which are best known,
are of the cabinet size. There was one of unusually
large dimensions in Watson Taylor's collection,
representing the interior of an inn, with a party of
travellers, an itinerant performer on the hurdy-
gurdy, and several other figures. Specimens are
to be found in some of the richest cabinets in Eng-
land, France, and Germany. The following are
some of their principal works :



Lengerich



Florence. Museum.

Loudon. fStafford House.
Luton. Marquis of Bute.
Museum.



Nevers.
Paris.



Louvre.



St. Etienne 1



Adoration of the Shepherds.

Fife-player.

The Studio ot Le Kain.

St. Michael offeriug Alms to
the Virgiu.

Procession in a Church. (Doubt-
ful)

The Holy Manger.

The Smithy,

The Watering Place

The Village Eepast.

'du Mo^'.}'^'^^ Nativity of the Virgm.

„ St. Laurent. The Visitation.

II Temple. The Presentation.

Rouen. Museum. Eustio Interior.

Valenciennes. Museum. Two Men playing at Cards.

LENDINARA, Lorenzo da. See Canozzi.

LEXEY, William S., an engraver, was born in
London, and practised as a stipple engraver to-
wards the end of the 18th century. He was a
pupil of Tomkins. He produced a large plate of
the ' Descent from the Cross,' after Rubens, and
engraved for the Shakespeare Gallery. He emi-
grated to America, where he made some money by
engraving bank-notes, and bought a farm on the
St. Lawrence, a little belolv Montreal, where he
was living in 1808.

LENFANT, Jean, a French engraver, was born
at Abbeville about 1615, and died in Paris in 1674.
He was the cousin and pupil of Claude Mellan, and
followed the first style of that master, in which
he used tlie cross strokes. The greater part of
his prints are portraits, which are his best works.
The following plates are by him :

PORTRAITS.

The Count de Brienne ; after Le Brun.

Jacques de Souvre ; after Mignard. 1667.

Francois du TiUet ; Lenfant ad vivum faciehat. 1663.

Nicolas Blasset, architect. 1658.

Francois de Harlay, Archbishop of fiouen ; after Cham-

paigne. 1664.
Louis Boucherat, Chancellor of France. 1670.

SUBJECTS.

The Bust of the Saviour ; oval ; after Raphael.

The Virgin suckling the Infant; circular; after Anni-

hale Carracci.
The Virgiu adoring the Infant ; oval : after Guide Rem.
Christ crowned with Thorns ; after Annibale Can-acci.

LENFANT, Pierre, a French battle-painter,
was bom at Anet, near Dreux, in 1704, and died
in Paris in 1787. He was a pupil of Parrocel, and
was made an academician in 1745, as a painter of
landscapes and battle scenes. At Versailles are the
following works by him :

The Taking of Mervin.
The Siege of Friboorg.
The Siege of Mons.
The Siege of Toumai.

LENGELE, Martinds, was bom at the Hague
in 1604, and distinguished himself as a portrait
painter. There was by him in the Shooting-house
a painting with ten large figures, representing
the Company of Orange. He was appointed
Director of the Academy in 1656, and died in 1661.

LENGERICH, Heinrich, was born at Stettin in
1790, and studied under Wach. In 1817 he visited
Italy, where he studied chiefly the works of Raphael
and Correggio. He was professor at the Academy
at BerUo, where he died in 1865. A 'Taking
down from the Cross ' by him is in the church of
St. Jakob at Stettin.

41



Lenker



A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF



Lenz



LENKER, Hans, was a goldsmith at Nuremberg.
There is by liiin in the Royal Library at Munich a
book of prayers ornamented with beautiful minia-
tures, the' covers of which are engraved and
enamelled in silver, and dated 1573. He was
burgomaster at Augsburg. Hans Lenker, the
elder, who is supposed to have been his father, was
the author of a treatise upon optics, published in
1616.

LENOIR, Adelaide, whose maiden name was
BiNAET, was born in Paris in 1771. She was first
instructed by her father, and afterwards by Beg-
nault. She painted several portraits, among which
was that of her father, most of which were ex-
hibited between 1801 and 1817.

LENOIR, Maeib Alexandre, was born in Paris
in 1761. He was instructed in painting by Doyen,
but it is chiefly as an art lover and writer that he is
known. At the outbreak of the French Revolution
he received permission from the National Assembly
to collect the principal ecclesiastical monuments
and art treasures into one place, and he used the
Convent of the " Petits Augustins " as a museum,
of which he became the president, and published
eight volumes descriptive of its formation and
contents. He also wrote a history of French art,
and a work on hieroglyphics. His museum was
scattered under Louis XVIII. 's government, and
its president became in 1816 curator of the Royal
Monuments. His collection of French portraits
is at Staiford House, and has been lithographed
by Lord Ronald Gower. He died in Paris in 1838.

LENOIR, Paul Marie, was a French painter of
ability, who died at Cairo in 1881. He was a
pupil of GerSme and Jalabert, and his ' Les Courses
a Osaka, Japon,' in the Salon of 1880, attracted
considerable attention.

LENOIR, Simon Bernard, a French portrait
painter, was born in Paris in 1729, and died in the
same city in 1789.

LENS, Andrew Bernard, and Peter Paul, were
miniature painters, who practised in London about
the middle of the 18th century.' They were sons
of Bernard Lens the younger. The first-named
exhibited at the Incorporated Society from 1765 to
1770, and sold a collection of his own and his
father's works in 1777.

LENS, Andries, was born at Antwerp in 1739,
and was a scholar of Ykens and Balthasar Beschey.
At the age of sixteen he obtained the first prize
at the Academy, of which he became a pro-
fessor in 1763. In 1764 he was appointed court
painter to Prince Charles of Lorraine, and went
the same year to Italy, where he studied after
Raphael and the old masters. In 1781 he estab-
lished himself at Brussels, where he painted for
the palaces and churches. He was a member of
the Institute, and he died at Brussels in 1822. He
has been called the regenerator of painting in
Belgium, and a monument has been erected to
him in Notre-Dame de la Chapelle, Brussels. The
following are his most important paintings:



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