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Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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antiquarian, and died at an early age. As the
pictures of Rubens number (according to the ' Com-
mission anversaise charg^e de r^unir I'oeuvre de
Rubens en gravures ou en photographies ') no
fewer than 2,253, exclusive of 484 drawings, it is
impossible to give a corhplete catalogue of them
here ; the following list contains the more remark-
able of those which are easily accessible.

Antwerp. Cathedral. Raising of the Cross. {Fine
sketch for it in Mr. Solford's
Collection^ Dorchester House.)
„ ,, Descent from the Cross.



Antwerp.



Berlin.



Blenheim.
Brussels.



Cathedral.

S, Jacques.

Museum.



Museum.



Palace.



Kubens

Assumption of the Virgin.
Adoration of St. Bonaventura.
The Crucifixion.
Adoration of tlie Magi.
Communion of St. Francis of



-Cologne. Ch. of St. Peter.
Darmstadt. Museum.
Dresden. Gallery.



Duhlin. Nat. Gallery.



Florence.



Uffizi.



Piiti Palace.



Frankfort. Stadel Inst,

Glasgow. . Gallery.

Ijondon. Nat. Gallery.



Th? Education of the Virgin.
Triptych of Nicolas Eockox.
The Virgin with the Parrot.
Coronation of the Virgin.
Diana at the Chase.
Neptune and Amphitrite.^"
Portrait of Helena Fourment.
The Resurrection of Lazarus.
Perseus and Andromeda.
The Garden of the Hesperides.
Venus and Adonis.
Christ carrying his Cross.
The Virgin beseeching Mercy

for the World from Christ.
The Crucifixion. (Le Coup de

Lance.) y

Assumption of the Virgin.
A Pieti

Coronation of the Virgin.
Adoration of the Magi.
Martyrdom of St. Lilvin.
Portraits of Jean Charles de

Cordes and his Wife.
Martyrdom of St. Peter.
Diana and her Nymphs.
Diana and her Nymphs.
A Lion Hunt.

' Quos Ego ; ' Neptune com-
manding the winds to be still.
Victory Crowning a Hero, who

sets his foot on the neck of

Silenus.
Bathsheba.
The Boar Hunt.
Tigress with Young.
Sketch for the ' Judgment of

Paris ' in the National Gallery.
The Garden of Love.
St. Francis receiving the Stig-
mata.
St. Peter and the Tribute

Money.
Henry IV. at Ivry.
Entrance of Henry to Paris

after Ivry.
Portrait of Elizabeth Brandt.
Landscape ; Ulysses on the

Island of the Phseacians.
Eubens and his Brother with

the Philosophers Lipsius

and Grotius.
The Horrors of "War.
A Holy Family.
Portrait of the Duke of Buck-
ingham.
Portrait of a Child, seated in a

little chair and playing with

sweetmeats.
The Many-breasted Goddess.
Infant Christ and St. John.
The Rape of the Sabines.
Peace and War.
The Brazen Serpent.
Judgment of Paris.
The Triumph of Julius Czesar.

[A free copy from Mantetjna.)
The Horrors of War. (Sketck

for the large picture in the

Pitti Palace.)
The Triumph of Silenus.
The Conversion of St. Bavon.
Apotheosis of William the

Silent.
The ' Chapeau de Paille.'

{Foil.)
The Birth of Venus. {Grisaille.)
Holy Family, with St. George

and other Saints.

423



Subens



A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OP



Kubens



Whitehall.
Grosvenor House.



Madrid.



Munich.



Gallery.



London. Jfat. Gallery. Landscape, with a View of the
Chateau de Steen.
„ „ Landscape, sunset. *

„ „ Landscape sketch.

„ Hulwich Gal. Three 'Women with Cornucopia.

„ „ Portrait of Helena Fourment.

J, „ St. Barbara flying from her

Father.
„ „ The Three Graces dancing.

Venus, Mars, and Cupid.
Apotheosisof Jamesl. [Ceilinct.)
Triumph of the Catholic

Oiaurch.
Ixion and the Oloud.
Abraham dismissing Hagar.
The Brazen Serpent.
The Adoration of the Magi.
Holy Family.
APieti. '

The Supper at Bmmaus.
St. George and the Dragon.
Eleven figures of the Apostles.
The Centaurs and the Lapithse.
Eape of Proserpine.
Achilles and Ulysses.
Perseus and Andromeda.
Orpheus and Burydice.
The Creation of the Milky Way.
The Judgment of Paris.
The Three Graces.
Diana and CaHsto.
Pan and Ceres.
Mercury and Argus.
Nine figures of Gods and Classic

Celebrities.
The Garden of Love.
Adam and Eve.
Eape of Europa.
Dance of Peasants.
Portrait of the Archduke

Albert.
Portrait of Philip II.
Portrait of the Infanta Isabella,

Clara Eugenia.
Portrait of Marie de' Medicis.
Portrait of Don Ferdinand of

Austria.
Portrait of Sir Thomas More.

{Copy after Holbein.)
Death of Seneca.
Virtue victorious over Licence,
j^ „ Martyrdom of St. Laurence.

„ „ ^iv^The Eape of the Daughters of

^ Leucippns.
^ „ The Fruit Garland.

„ „ The Flower Garland.

„ „ Diana Sleeping, watched by

Satyrs.
„ ^, Diana Eesting.

J, „ Defeatof Sennacherib.

„ „ Conversion of St. Paul.

„ „ Lion Hunt.

„ „ Christ Enthroned on the

Clouds, among Saints and
Angels.
„ „ The Fall of the Eebel Angels.

„ „ The large ' Fall of the

Damned.'
jj „ The small 'Fall of the Damned.'

^ „ The Woman of the Apocalypse.

„ „ The Nativity.

„ „ Descent of the Holy Ghost.

„ „ The Battle of the Amazons.

^ „ Samson taken by the Philis-

tines.
,, „ Christ and the Penitent Sin-

ners.
„ „ Christ on the Cross.

„ „ Eeconciliation of the Eomaus

and Sabines.
„ „ Silenus.

„ „ War and Peace.

„ ,, The Massacre of the Innocents.

„ „ Pastoral : portraits of Eubens

and bis second wife.
424



Gallery.



Munich. Gallery. St. Christopher.

„ „ Sixteen sketches for the His-

tory of Marie de' Medicis in
the Louvre.
„ Portrait Group of Kubeus and
his first Wife.
„ „ Portrait of Philip Bubens.

„ „ Portrait Group of Thomas

Earl of Arundel and his Wife,
with their Dwarf and Jester.
,, „ Portrait of Philip IV. of Spain.

„ „ Portrait of Elizabeth of Bour-

bon, wife of Philip IV.
„ „ Portrait of Don Ferdinand of

Austria.
„ „ Portrait of Eubens's Mother.

„ „ Portrait of a Young Girl.

„ „ Three portraits of Helena Four-

ment.
„ „ Portrait of Helena Fourment

with her little naked son.
„ „ Rubens and Helena Fourment

in a Garden.
„ „ Portrait of a Scholar.

„ „ Portrait of Dr. Van Thulden.

Paris. Zouvre. The Flight of Lot.

„ „ Elijah in the Desert.

„ „ The Adoration of the Magi.

„ „ A Tournament.

„ „ The Virgin with the Innocents.

„ „ Thomyris, and the head of

Cyrus.
„ „ History of Marie de' Medici.

{Twenty-ojie pictures, painted
oy his pupils, hit aniviateci by
his ovmjinishiny touches.)
„ „ Portrait of Helena Fourment

and two of her Children.
„ „ 'Kermesse' in a Flemish

Village.
„ „ Two Landscapes.

„ „ Five portraits of Members of

the French Royal Family.
Petersburg. Hermitage. Abraham dismissing Hagar.

„ „ Christ in the House of Simon

the Pharisee.
„ „ Ecce Homo.

„ „ Coronation of the Virgin.

„ „ Venus and Adonis.

„ „ Two ' Bacchanals ' ; one iden-

tical with the picture at
Munich known as ' Silenus.'
„ „ Perseus and Andromeda.

„ „ Rape of the Sabines.

„ „ Portrait of PhiUp IV.

„ Triumphs of the Cardinal In-

fante Ferdinand.
„ „ Four Sketches for Pictures in

Medici series.
„ „ The City of Antwerp [allegory).

„ „ The Temple of Janus.

„ „ Two Sketches for the White-

hall ceiling.
„ „ Portrait of Helena Fourment,

with an Ostrich Feather.
[From the Walpole Collection)
J, „ Fourteen other Portraits.

>, „ Two Lions and a Lioness.

Vienna. Gallery. Votive picture of the Brother-

hood of San Ildefonso.
,1 „ Holy Family under an Apple-

tree.
„ ,, St. Ignatius Loyola.

,) „ St. Francis Xavier preaching.

„ „ The Assumption of the Virgin.

„ „ The Temptation of Christ;

signed P. P. Rubens F. 1.6.1.4.
>, „ The Penitent Magdalen.

1! „ Ambrosius repulsing Theodo-

sius from the Church door.
I, „ Meeting between Ferdinand of

Hungary and Prince Charles
Ferdinand of Spain, at Nord-
lingen, in 1634.
» The Feast of Venus.



Kubenstein
Vienna.



PAINTERS AND ENGRAVERS.



Rudolph



Gallery. Cymon and Iphigenia.

„ „ Jupiter and Mercury with Phi-

lemon and Baucis.

„ „ The Hermit and the Sleeping

Angelica.

„ „ A Stormy Landscape, with

Jupiter, Mercury, Philemon
and Baucis.

,1 ,, Portrait of Maximilian I.

„ „ Charles the Bold, Duke of

Burgundy.

» „ St. Pipin, Duke of Brabant,

with his Daughter, St. Bega.

,! 1, His own Portrait ; sigried P. P.

EUBINS.

„ „ Portrait of Helena Fourment,

nude, making for her Bath.
)> „ Eleven portraits and Single

Figure studies.
„ Liechtenstein Col. The Story of the Death of
Decius Mus. {A series of
six pictures.)
„ „ The Triumph of Rome.

„ „ Assumption of the Virgm.

„ „ Erecthonius and the Daughter

of Cecrops.
„ „ The Two Sons of Eubens.

„ „ The Toilet of Venus.

„ „ Ajax and Cas5andra.

Windsor Castle. Landscape ; going to Market.

„ His own Portrait.

„ St. George and the Dragon.

,, Farm at Laeken.

„ Landscape ; snowstorm.

BIBLIOGRAPHY.

J. F. Michel, 'Histoire de la vie de P. P. Eubens.'

Brussels, 1771.
A. Van Hasselt, ' Histoire de P. P. Eubens.' Brussels,

1840.
Alf . Michiels, ' Eubens et I'&ole d'Anvers.' Paris, 1877.
Paul Mautz, ' Eubens.' Gazette des Beaux Arts, 1881-

1883.
M. Eooses, ' Gescbiendenis der Antwerpsohe Schilder-

school,' pp. 247-94. Ghent, 1879.
G. F. Waagen, ' Peter Paul Eubens, his Life and Genius.'

London, 1840.
F. Von Eaveusburg, ' Eubens und die Antike.' Jena,

1882.
A. Baschet, ' Pierre-Paul Eubens, peintre de Vincent

de Gonzague, due de Mantoue . . . d'apres ses lettres

et autres documents iu^dits.' Gazette des Beaux

Alts, 1866-1868.
Gachard, ' Histoire politique et diplomatique, P. P.

Eubens.' Brussels, 1877.
E. Gachet ' P. P. Eubens. Lettres inedites publics

d'apres ses autographes.' Brussels, 1840.
"W. N. Sainsbury, ' Original unpublished papers illustra-
tive of the Life of Sir P.P. Eubens.' London, 1859.
Villaamil, ' Eubens diplomatico Espanol.' Madrid, 1874.
Ch. Euelens, ' P. P. Eubens. Documents et Lettres.'

Brussels, 1877.
Eugene Fromentin, ' Les maitres d'autrefois,' pp. 27-

125. Paris, 1877 L3rd Ed ].
' Le Bulletin-Eubens.' Antwerp, 1882, et seq.
Max Eooses, * L'oeuvre de P. P. Eubens.' 1886.
Catalogue of the Tercentenary Exhibition at Antwerp

in 1877. (' L'ceuvre de P. P. Eubens.')
A. J. Wauters, ' Flemish School of Painting,' p. 379.
London, 1885.

RUBENSTEIN, (or Riebenstbin,) drapery and
portrait painter, who resided in England many
years. He painted dead game and still-life, and
sometimes portraits, but his chief occupation was
painting draperies in the pictures of others. He
was a member of the St. Martin's Lane Academy,
and died in London about the year 1763.

RUBERTIS. See Grandi, Ercolb di Roberto.

EUBLALES, Pedro de, was a native of Estre-
madura, and flourished about the year 1545. Little
is known of his works in Spain, as he resided the
greater part of his life at Rome and Florence,



where he studied under Francesco Salviati, whom
he assisted in many of his works. He was also at
one time a coadjutor of Giorgio Vasari. Rubiales
painted as late as 1560, but the date of his death
is not known.

ECJBINI, an Italian painter of little note, who
practised at Treviso about 1650.

RUBIO, Antonio, a Spanish painter and pupil
of Antonio Pizarro. He was appointed painter to
the chapter of Toledo in 1645, and died in 1653.

RUBIRA, Andres de, a Spanish painter, was
bora at Escacena del Campo, and was a scholar
of Domingo Martinez, at- Seville. His applioatioji
and activity were very useful to his master in the
different works which he was commissioned to
paint ; for, it is said, he sketched the greater part
of the pictures in the ancient chapel of the Catlie-
dral, which were completed by Martinez. On his
return to Seville, from a, visit to Lisbon, he was
soon employed on works of great importance, such
as the pictures in the chapel of the Holy Sacrament,
in the college of San Salvador, a great part of
those in the college of S. Alberto, and most of
those that decorate the cloister del Carmen calzado.
He also occasionally painted conversation pieces,
and bambocciati. Rubira died at Seville in 1760.

RQBIRA, Josef de, son of Andres de Rubira,
was born at Seville in 1747. Though only thirteen
at his father's death, he would not submit to be
instructed by another master. He was an excellent
copyist of the works of Murillo. He died in 1787.

RUCHOLLE, Pierre, an indifferent French en-
graver, who flourished about the year 1690. He
engraved a few portraits, amongst which we have
those of:

Charles Emanuel, Duke of Savoy; after Vandyck; with

the address of J. Meyssens.
Louis XIV. ; after H. Riyaud.

RUDDER, Louis Henry de, historical painter,
was born in Paris in the early part of the 19th
century ; he was a pupil of Gros and of Gharlet,
entering the Ecole des Beaux Arts in 1827. He
exhibited regularly at the Salon between 1834 and
1880, and was much employed on decorative work
for America. He lithographed forty plates for
Prince Soltykoff's 'Voyage dans L'Inde,' and a
great many for Cuvier's 'Anatomic Compar^e.'
He died in 1886. Pictures :

The Divine Message. (Ministers de I'lntirieur, Faris.)

"Women Bathing. (T/ie same.)

Ecce Homo. (Ministere de L'Etat.)

Christ in the Garden of Olives. {The same)

The Alchemist, Nicholas Flamel. (Luxemlourg )

Ecce Homo. {Museum^ St. Etienne/)

Portrait of E. Pasquier. (Versailles.)

RUDE, Sophie, (nee Fr^miet,) was born at Dijon
in 1797. She was a pupil of David, and painted
historical and still-life pictures, and portraits. She
married Frangois Rude, the sculptor, and died in
Paris in 1867. Of her pictures we may name :

The Sleep of the Virgin. (Dijon Museum^

Charles I. parting from his Children. (Ministere de

VI terieur.)
The Duchess of Burgundy stopped at the gate of

Bruges. (Dijon Museum.)
Faith, Hope, and Charity. (Chapel of Mt. St. Michel.)

RUDOLF, Samuel, portrait painter, born in
Germany, 1639, practised at Nuremberg and at
Erlangen. He died 1713.

IIUDOLFI, Claudio. See Ridolfi.

RUDOLPH D'ANVERS, painter, practising at
Antwerp in the middle of the 16th century. In

425



Rue



A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF



Kuhl



1653 he painted an altar-piece for the church of
Saint- Victor, at Xanten.

RUE, DE LA. See Van Steaaten.

RUE, P. B. DE LA. See Db la Rub.

RUEL, Gabriel de, a Spanish historical painter,
resided at Granada at the commencement of the
17th century. There are several pictures by him
in that city. He was appointed painter to the
cathedral of Toledo in 1633. He died on Christmas
Eve, in 1641.

RUEL, JoHANN Baptist, painter, bom at Ant-
werp in 1634, went as a singer to the cathedral
at Mayence, and there studied under Johann
Thomas, called Ipenaer. He practised as an his-
torical and portrait painter, visited Vienna, where
he painted altar-pictures and portraits, and died
at Antwerp about the beginning of the 18th
century.

RUELLB, Claude de la. See De la Ruelle.

RUET, Db. See Dervet.

RUPO, Josef Martin, an historical and portrait
paintei', born at the Escurial, and educated at the
academy of S. Fernando. He flourished in the
second half of the 18th century.

RUGENDAS, Christian, the son of Georg
Philipp Rugendas, by whom we have a great
number of prints in mezzotint, after the designs of
his father, representing marches, halts, battles, &c.
He engraved about sixty of his father's designs ;
and there are by him about thirty etchings from his
own, which are much esteemed. He died at Augs-
burg in 1781, at the age of seventy-three.

RUGENDAS, Georg Philipp, painter and en-
graver, born at Augsburg in 1666, and first in-
structed in design by Isaac Fischer, a painter of
history ; but his genius leading him to paint battles
and skirmishes of cavalry, he formed his style by
studying the works of Borgognone, and the prints
of Terapesta. He had acquired considerable reput-
ation by his pictures of that description, when he
resolved to visit Italy, and, 1692, went to Venice,
where he passed some time, and was assisted in
his studies by Giovanni Battista Molinari. From
Venice he went to Rome, where it was not long
before his talents became known, and he met with
such flattering encouragement in that metropolis,
that he had thought of establishing himself there ;
but the death of his father obliged him to return to
Aussburg, and he quitted Italy with regret in
1695. In a few years after his return to Augsburg,
the war of the Succession broke out, when Rugendas
had an opportunity of personally witnessing those
scenes of slaughter and desolation which his ima-
gination had so frequently enabled him to trace
with his pencil. During the siege, bombardment,
and pillage of Augsburg, by the French and Bava-
rians, in 1703, he exposed himself to the most
imminent danger, to study the attacks of the be-
siegers, which he drew with sang-froid, surrounded
on all sides with carnage and destruction. He
afterwards published a set of etchings from the
drawings thus made.

Rugendas died at Augsburg in 1742. He de-
voted a considerable portion of his time to engrav-
ing, and has executed a great number of plates,
both etchings and in mezzotint ; among them the
following :



A set of six Plates ; entitled, Capricci di Giorgio Filippo

Rugendas. 1698.
Eight Plates ; erA\\i\&A, Diversi Pei^sierlfatto per GioV'

gio Filippo Rugendas, Pittore. 1699.
426



A set of eight Plates, representing horsemen.
Six Plates of Cavalry marching.

The Military operations of the French and Bavarian
armies at the siege of Augsburg ; in six Plates. 1704.

MEZZOTINTS.

Four Plates of Skirmishes between the Prussian and

Hungarian Hussars.
Four Plates of Lion and Tiger Hunts, &c.

RUGENDAS, Johann Lorenz, a German battle
painter, born in 1775, at Augsburg, where he be-
came Director of the Academy. He was the great-
grandson of G. P. Rugendas. There are some
etchings and aquatint engravings by him. He
died in 1826.

RUGENDAS, Johann Mokitz, aGerman draughts-
man, the son of J. L. Rugendas, was born at Augs-
burg in 1802. He studied under his father, and
also at Munich. In 1821, he set out on a series of
travels in Brazil with General Langsdorf. These
were afterwards extended to Mexico, Peru, and
other American States. The sketches he made in
these wanderings were published in :

' Malerische Beise in Erasilien.' Paris. 1835.
' Mexico,' by 0. Sartorius. London. 1855-8.

RUGGERI, GniDO, a native of Bologna, who
flourished about the year 1550. He was a disciple
of Francesco Raibolini, called II Francia, and ac-
companied Primaticcio to France, where he assisted
that master in his great work at Fontainebleau. He
is, however, more known as an engraver than as a
painter. He engraved several plates from the designs
of Primaticcio, which are executed in a style re-
sembling that of Marco da Ravenna ; and it is not
improbable that he learned engraving in the school
of Marc Antonio Raimondi. His plates were usually
marked with a monogram composed of a G. and
an R. joined together, with an F. for fecit. The
etchings attributed to this master partake of the
manners of Giulio Bonasone, Caraglio, and Giorgio
Ghisi ; but there is great uncertainty respecting
them.

RUGGIERI, Ercole, called del Gessi, the
brother of Giovanni Ruggieri, was also educated
in the school of Francesco Gessi, whose style he
followed with so much success, that his works are
with difficulty distinguished from those of his
master. Such are his picture of the ' Death of St.
Joseph,' in the church of S. Cristina di Pietra-
lata, at Bologna ; and the ' Virgin and Infant Jesus,
with St. Catherine, and other saints,' at the Servi.

RUGGIERI, Giovanni Battista, called del
Gessi, a native of Bologna, was bom in 1606, and
for some time a disciple of Domenichino. He
afterwards became a scholar of Francesco Gessi,
whom he accompanied to Naples, and assisted in
some of his principal works in that city, and at
Bologna. He visited Rome in the pontificate of
Urban VIII., when he was patronized by the Mar-
chese Giustiniani, and painted some pictures for
the churches and palaces. His principal works at
Bologna are, three altar-pieces in the church of S.
Barbaziano. Ruggieri died at Rome in 1640.

RUGGIERI, GiROLAMO, painter, born at Vicenza,
1662. Practised at Verona, nnd painted landscape
and battle-pieces. Died 1717.

RUHL, LuDWiG SiGiSMUND, painter and en-
graver, born atCassel 1794, son of Johann Christian
Ruhl, the sculptor. He studied in Germany and
Italy, and first brought himself into notice by his
picture of 'The Three Kings' (Miigi), a clever
imitation of the manner of the old masters. His



Buidimann



PAINTERS AND ENGRAVERS.



Runge



designs for ' Shakespeare's Plays,' and Biirger's
' Lenore,' are well drawn, and show much talent.
He was Director of the Cassel Gallery. His best
known pictures are :

Louis XIV. and James II.
Van Dyck's Studio.
Sleighing by Night.

RUIDIMANN. See REnTHMANN.

RUINA, Gasparo, an indifferent engraver on
wood, by whom we have a cut representing the
'Creation of Adam,' which is evidently taken from
the painting by Michel-Angelo, in the Vatican,
though it is inscribed, Hieronymo de Grandi,
pinxit. Gaspar Ruina, fecit. Zani and Brulliot
say he was the engraver who marked his prints
with three darts crossed, sometimes accompanied
with the letter G. There are several liistorical,
mythological, and allegorical prints by him, signed
Gasparo,/., or Gasparo Ruina,f.

RQINES, Robert des. See Robert, Hubert.

RUISGH. SeeRuYSCH.

RDISSCHER, J., engraver, practised in Holland
about the middle of the 17th century. He en-
graved landscape, and frequently treated subjects
introducing cascades and rushing water.

RUIZ, Antonio Gonzalez. See Gonzalez Buiz.

RUIZ, DE LA IGLESIA, Francisco Ignacio, was
born in Madrid about the middle of the 17th cen-
tury. He was the pupil of Francisco Camilo and
of Juan Carreno. He died at Madrid in 1704.
W^orks :
Madrid. Ho!<pital de \ p.„„..„.

„ Sto. Tomis. Assumption and Coronation of

the Virgin.

RUIZ-GONZALEZ, Pedro, was born at Madrid
in 1633. He studied under Juan Antonio Escalante
and Juan Carreno. Three of his best pictures were
burnt with the church of S. Millan in 1720, in
which church he himself had been interred eleven
years before, in 1709.

RUIZ GIXON, Jdan Carlos, lived at Seville,
about the year 1677. It would seem that he had
practised under Herrera the younger, as his style
entirely resembles that master's. This is particu-
larly observable in a picture of the Immaculate
Conception, surrounded by numerous angels, in the
cathedral at Seville, to which Buiz has signed his
name.

RUIZ, Juan Salvadobe, painter, was a member
of the Academy of Seville in 1671.

RUIZ-SARIONO, J[JAN, painter, born at Higuera
de Aracena, 1701, was a pupil of his cousin, A. M. de
Tobar. He practised at Seville, painting historical
subjects, but without much skill, and died in that
city in 1763.

RULLMANN, painter, born at Bremen in 1765,
first studied at the Academy in Dresden, and then
went to Paris, where his portraits gained hiui con-
siderable reputation. His studies from the old
masters in religious and historical subjects show
considerable talent. He died in 1822.

RUMEAU, Jean Claude, a French painter,
pupil of David and of Isabey, practised in Paris
early in the 19th century. There are by him,
' Charlemagne receiving the Ambassadors of
Haroun-al-Raschid ; ' ' Blue-Beard,' (fee. His last
appearance at the Salon was in 1822.

RUMILLY, Victorine ANG:fiLiQUE Am^lie, (rage
Geneve,) Madame, born at Grenoble, 1799, was a
pupil of Regnault, and painted portraits and genre
pictures. There are by her, ' Venus and Cupid,'



'Holy Family,' &c. She exhibited at the Salo^
from 1808 to 1839, and died in 1849.

RUMMEN, (or Bueemonde,) Jan van, a Flemish
painter, who in 1486 painted a picture and a re-
table for the church of L^au.

RUMP, Christian Gottfried, who was born in
1816 at Hillerod, in Denmark, studied art under
Sund at Copenhagen. He began his career as an
historical painter, and executed the ' Presentation
in the Temple' for the church of Gronholt, but in
1846 he turned his attention towards landscape
painting, and won for himself a name high among
the artists of Denmark. In 1855-56 he travelled
in Norway, and the two following years were spent
in Germany and Italy. In 1866 he was miide a
member of the Academy of Copenhagen, and in
1874 a Professor. He died at Frederiksborg in
1880. The following are among his best works :

Copenhagen. J!/at. Gall. View near Frederiksborg.

„ „ Landscape, Morning,

„ „ View in Soebygaard Forest.

„ „ View near Skjoergaarden.



Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 111 of 201)