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Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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in Milan from Rossi. He went to Rome, where he
resided some time, and afterwards visited Venice.
The works of Paolo Veronese were the particular
objects of his imitation, and one of his best pictures,
a ' St. James raising a dead person,' in the Osser-
vanti, at Pavia, is painted much in the style of
Paolo. He also executed some etchings after the
Venetian masters, among which are an 'Adora-
tion of the Shepherds,' after Tintoretto, and an
' Adoration of the Magi,' after P. Veronese. He
died at Pavia in 1706.

SACCHI, Gaspaeo, of Imola, flourished in the
early part of the 16th century, and painted many
pictures in Ravenna and other parts of the Ro-
magna. In the sacristy of Castel S. Pietro at
Imola there is an altar-piece with his name, and
the date 1517 ; and at Bologna, in S. Francesco-in-
Tavola, another dated 1521.

SACCHI, Giuseppe, the son of Andrea, painted
portraits and historical subjects in the 17th cen-
tury. He was his father's pupil, and eventually
became a friar minor. No known work of his is
extant, but it has been surmised that a ' Sibyl,' at
Warsaw, attributed to ' Giuseppe Saoconi,' may be
by him.

SACCHI, M., (or II Sacchi,) a native of Casale,
flourished in the 17th century. He painted in S.
Francesco, at Casale, a picture representing a lottery
for marriage portions, in which a great assemblage
of fathers, mothers, and their daughters is intro-
duced. At S. Agostino di Casale is a standard,
a ' Virgin and Saints,' containing portraits of
several princes of the house of Gonzaga, by him.

SACCHI, Piee-Feancesco, a native of Pavia,
worked chiefly at Genoa in the 16th century, and
was a member of the Guild of that city in 1520.
Very little is known of his life, and the date of his
birth is uncertain. His earliest existing painting
is, ' The Parting of St. John the Baptist from his
Parents,' painted in 1512 for the oratory of S.
Maria, Genoa. He frequently signed himself Petrus
Franoisciis Sachus de Papia. His chief extant
works are these :
Berlin. Gallery. The Crucifixion; signed and

dated 151 1.
Multedo, near Church. An arched panel of the Cruci-

Genoa. fixion, with thirteen figures.

Paris. Louvre. The Four Doctors of the

Church. 1518.

Mention of another Pier-Fbancesoo Pavesb oc-
casionally occurs as early as 1460.

SACCHIATI, PiETBO, a native of Ravenna, born
about 1598, is noticed by Basan as an engraver in
wood and chiaro-scuro after various masters.





SACCHIENSIS (or De Saoohio). See Licinio,
Giovanni Antonio.

SACCO, SciPiONB, (Saoohi,) a painter, and native
of Cesena, who flourished in the lOth century. He
painted a ' St. Gregory,' for the cathedral of Cesena,
wliich is inscribed Gcesenas, 1545 ; and a ' Death
of St. Peter Martyr ' for the church of 8. Domenico.
He is said by some to have been a pupil of Raphael.

SACRAMENTO, Jitan del Santisimo. See

SADELER, GiLLis, (.SIgidius,) the nephew and
the pupil of Jan and Raphael Sadeler, was born at
Antwerp in 1575. After being well grounded in
the principles of design, he took up the graver, and
in a few years reached a perfection beyond that of
his instructors. He had passed some time in Italy,
where he engraved some plates after Italian
painters, when he was invited to Prague by the
Emperor Rudolph II., who retained him in his
service, and assigned him a pension. He enjoyed
the favour and protection of the two succeeding
emperors, Matthias and Ferdinand II. He used
the graver with a commanding facility, sometimes
finishing his plates with surprising neatness, when
the subject required it ; at other times working
broadly and boldly. His plates, which are very
numerous, represent historical subjects, portraits,
landscapes, &c. Some are from his own designs,
and many, particularly his portraits, are of great
excellence. Sadeler died at Prague in 1629. He
has been called 'The Phcenix of Engraving.' The
following are considered his best prints :


The Emperor Matthias. 1616.

The Empress Anne, his consort. 1616.

The Emperor Ferdinand II. on horseback; in two

sheets. 1629.
Burckhard de Berlihing, Privy Counsellor to Eudolph II.
Christopher Guarinonius Fontanus, Physician to the

John George Goedelman, Jurisconsult.
Joachim Huber, Aulic Ooiinsellor.
Jacob Chimarrhseus, Grand Almoner.
Cardinal de Dietrichstein, Bishop of Olmiitz. 1604.
John Matthew "Warenfels, Aulio Counsellor. 1614.
Adam, Baron de Trautmansdorf.
Siegfried de Kolonitsoh.
Ferdinand de Kolonitsch.
Torquato Tasso, Poetanim Princeps. 1617.
Ootavhis Strada, Antiquary.
Peter Brueghel, painter, of Brussels. 1606.
Martin de Vos, painter, of Antwerp.
Sigismond Bathori, Prince of Transylvania.
A set of twelve plates, representing Angels with the

Instruments of the Passion.
A set of fifty-two Views near Borne, entitled ' Testigi

delle Antichita di Koma.'
The Burning of Troy, an etching ; ^(/. Sadeler, fecit)

aqua forti.
Charity, represented by u female figure with three

Narcissus admiring himself in a Fountain.
Pan and Syrinx.
St. Sebastian dying, with an Angel drawing out the

arrows from his side.
St. Dominick receiving the Institution of his Order

from St. Peter and St. Paul.
The Scourging of Christ.
The Crucifixion.
The Great Saloon at Prague ; in two sheets.


The Emperor Rudolph II. on horseback, with a Battle

in the background ; after Ad. de Vries.
The Virgin and Child ; after Raphael.
The Angel appearing to the Shepherds ; after Bassano.
The Murder of the Innocents ; after Tintoretto.

The Last Supper ; after the same.

St. Peter called to the Apostleship ; after F. Baroceio.

The Entombment of Christ ; after the same.

The Scourging of Christ; after the Caiialiere d'Arjaino.

The Martyrdom of St. Sebastian ; after Palma Giovine.

The Bich Man and Lazarus ; after the same.

Angelica and Medora ; after Carlo Cagliari.

Hercules and Omphale ; ' a/ie)- B. Spranger.

The Marys at the Tomb of Christ ; after the same.

The Annunciation; after Peter de Witte {Candida).

The Virgin and Infant Jesus ; copied from Albert Direr.

Christ bearing his Cross ; the same.

Judith with the Head of Holofernes ; after Johann van

The Nativity ; after the same.
The Virgin and Infant Christ, with St. John ; after the

Several sets of Landscapes ; after Brueyhel, Paul Brill,

Roelant Savery, P. Steevens, &c.

SADELER, Jan, engraver, was born at Brussels
in 1550. The profession of his father was to
engrave ornaments on steel and iron, to be inlaid
with gold or silver, and Jan Sadeler was brought
up to the same business. At a very early age,
however, he applied himself to the study of the
human figure, which he drew correctly, though
with the stiifness and formality of thei time. He
was nearly twenty years of age before he com-
menced engraving on copper, when he executed
some plates from the designs of Crispin Van den
Broeck, which were so favourably received, that he
was encouraged to devote his attention entirely to
engraving. He travelled throughout Germany to
Italy, where he divested himself, in a great degree,
of the dry and hard maimer which is discernible in
his earlier works. His plates are executed with
the graver only, in a neat, clear style. His drawing
is generally correct, and there is fine expression
in his heads. Jan Sadeler died at Venice in 1600.
His prints are very numerous ; the following hst
is confined to the best :


Clement VIII., Pont. Max.

Marie de' Medici.

Charles, Hereditary Prince of Sweden.

Otho Henry, Count Schwarzenbetg.

Sigismund Feyerabend, the famous printer. 1587.

George Hoefnagel, painter of Antwerp.

Martin Luther ; in an arabesque border.

Bight plates of the Creation of the "World ; after Crispin

Van den Broeck.
Six of the History of Adam and Eve; after Michiel

van Coxe.
Sixteen subjects from the Book of Genesis ; after M. de

The Life of Christ ; after the same.
Seven plates of our Saviour's Passion ; after Christopher

A set of prints called ' The Hermits ' ; engraved in

conjunction with his brothers ; after the same.
The Twelve Months of the Year ; after P. Steevens.
The Four Seasons ; after Hans Bol.
The Four Times of the Day ; after Theodore Bernard.


Dives and Lazarus ; after Bassano. (One of the three

' Sadeler' s Kitchens.')
Christ with Martha and Mary ; after the same. (Ditto. )
The Angel appearing to the Shepherds ; after the same.
The Nativity ; after PoUdoro da Caravayyio.
The Virgin, with the Infant sleeping, and an Angel ;

after An. Carracci.
St. Jerome praying ; after Gillis Mosiaert.
Mary Magdalene in meditation ; after the same.
St. Boch, with two Pilgrims ; aftei' the same.
Jesus calling to Him the little Children ; after Jodocus

de Winyhe.




The Prodigal Son ; after the same.

The Aniiunciatioii ; after Peter de Witte (Candida).

Christ at table with the Disciples at Emmaiis ; after the

The three Marys at the Sepulchre ; after the same.
The Last Supper ; a/Ster the same.
The Martyrdom of St. Ursula ; after the same.
The Nativity ; aftei' J', van Aachen.
The Holy Family, with Mary Magdalene ; after the same.
The Crucifixion ; after the same.
The Last Judgment ; after the same.
Mary Magdalene penitent ; after Federiyo Zustris.
Christ appearing to Magdalene ; after the same.
The Approach of the Deluge ; after Theodore BerTiard.
The Coming of the Last Day ; after the same.
The Trinity ; after Antonio Maria Viani.
Several Landscapes ; after Paul Brill, and others.

SADELER, Marcus, is supposed to have been
the son of Jan Sadeler, and to have been born at
Munich between 1589 and 1695 ; but great uncer-
tainty hangs about his paternity, and it is not clearly
known whether he was an engraver as well as a
publisher of prints. He resided many years at
"Venice, whitber, it is said, he was taken by Jan
Sadeler, and it is certain that many of the prints by
Jan, Raphael, and Gillis were published by liim ;
but only the second states have his address. Neither
Basan, Lipowsky, nor FiissH mention any of liis
works ; wliile the ' Passion series,' after Diirer,
which Heller ascribes to Marcus, are without sig-
natures or dates (the latter would runge from 1607
to 1613), although the second states liave Marcus
Sadeler's ad<)ress. They are all reversed from the
plates by Diirer.

SADELER, PniLirp, engraver, a native of
Munich, the son of Gillis Sadeler, flourished about
J626. He engraved portraits, landscapes, and
pictures nf saints.

SADELER, Raphael, the younger brother of
Jan Sadeler, was born at Brussels in 1555, and
brought up to the same profession. Jan and Raphael
travelled together through Germany, where Ra-
phael engraved a variety of plates, after Johann
von Aachen, Matthias Kager, Matthias Grtinewald,
and other masters. They afterwards settled at
Venice. Following the example of his brother,
Raphael Sadeler worked entirely with the graver,
which he handled with boldness and precision.
His drawing of the figure is correct. His prints
are nearly as numerous as those of his brother.
Some are very fine, particularly those after Van
Aachen, and the portraits. Raphael Sadeler died at
Venice in 1616. The following are his principal
plates :

Paul V. ; Pont. Max.
S. Carlo Borromeo.
Ernest, Ari;hbishop of Cologne.
Leopold of Austria, Bishop of Salzburg and Passau.
Ferdinand, Archdulte of Austria.
Charles Emanuel, Dulte of Savoy, on horseback.
John Dietmar, Abbot of Fnr.stenberg.
Hypolitus Gruarinonius, M. D.

A set of four plates from the Life of the Virgin ; from

his own designs.
Twenty-eight' plates from the Life and Passion of

Christ ; the same.
Mary Magdalene at the Sepulchre, with St. Peter and

St. John ; after J. de Winyhe.
Lot and his Daughters ; after ttie same.
The Holy Family, with St. Elizabeth and St. John ;

after Johann von Aachen.
The Entombment of Christ ; afte)- the same.
The dead Christ in the Sepulchre, with Angels; after

the same.

Mary Magdalene penitent ; after the same.

The Judgment of Paris ; after the same [dated 1579].

The Virgin and Child ; after Pieter de fp'itte. 1593.

The Immaculate Conception ; after the same.

The Presentation in the Temple ; after the same. 1591.

The Resurrection of Lazarus ; after Eottenhamer.

The Marriage of St. Catherine ; after Hendrik Goltzius.

A Pieta ; after J. Stradanus.

Death seizing a Lady at a Feast ; after the same.

The Crucifixion ; after Palma.

The Virgin and Child; after An. Carracei.

The Holy Family, with St. John ; after Raphael.

The Annunciation ; after Federigo Zuccaro.

The Adoration of the Magi ; after Bassano. 1598.

Christ at Emmaiis; after the same; one of the three

Sadeler's Kitchens.
The Four Seasons ; after J. Stradanus.
A set of six Landscapes ; after P. Steevens.
Two Landscapes with figures ; after Matt. Brill.
The history of the Prodigal Son ; in four scenes after

Paul Brill.
A set of prints for Eader's Bavaria Sancta et Pia, en-
graved with the help of his son (1624-8).
Several Allegorical subjects ; after Martin de Vos.
The great Battle of Prague, in eight sheets ; considered

his masterpiece.
Venus and Adonis ; after Titian.
SADELER, Raphael, the younger, son and pupil
of tlie last-named, worked at Venice sujjsequent to
the year 1596. He afterwards accompanied his
father to Munich, and assisted in the plates to
Rader's ' Bavaria Sancta et Pia,' and also prod uced
several plates on his own account, among them the

The Annunciation ; after C. Schwarz.

The Virgin and St. Anne caressing the Infant Jesus ;

after the same.
The Holy Family, with his name and the date 1613.
Forest Scenery ; after J. Brueyhel.
SADELER, Tobias, supposed to be the son of
Gillis, was also an engraver, but his works are
very little known. He worked at Vienna about
the year 1676.

SADLER, Thomas, portrait and miniature
painter, was the son of a Master in Chancery. He
practised in the reigns of Cliarles II., James II.,
William III. His best works are a portrait of
Bunyan, which has been engraved in mezzotint,
and a miniature of the Duke of Monmouth.

SADLER, William, a portrait painter, the son
of a musician, was born in England, but studied
and practised at Dublin. He was an artist of
some ability, and died at Dublin at the end of the
18th century.

SAENREDAM, Joannes, a Dutch designer and
engraver, born at Zaandam in North Holland in
1566, was by trade a basket-maker, and was in-
structed in drawing and the use of the graver by
Hendrik Goltzius and Jakob de Gheyn. Saenredam
died at Assendelft in 1607. He worked entirely
with the graver, and has left a great number of
plates. The best, perhaps, are the following :
Susanna and the Elders ; after a design by himself .
Hercules between Minerva and Venus ; ditto.
Lycurgus giving Laws to the Lacedemonians ; ditto.
The Wise and the Foolish Virgins, in five plates. 1606 ;

An Allegory relative to the government of the Low

Countries by the Infanta Isabella. 1602 ; ditto.
Tiie Prosperity of the United Provinces under the

House of Orange ; an allegory. 1600 ; ditto.
The stranded Whale, on the coast of Holland. 1602 ;

Caret van Mander ; after .Goltzius.
P. H. Homanus, Poet and Physician ; afUr Van

John Ce.saree, Philosopher.
Jean de la Chambre, Writing-master.





Adam and Eve in Paradise ; after H. Goltzius.

Lot and his Daughters ; afUr the same.

Judith with the Head of Holoferues ; after the same.

Susanna and the Elders ; after the same.

Ceres, Venus, and Bacchus ; after the same.

The Seven Planets, the Four Seasons, the Five Senses,

the Four Ages, the Three Marriages at different times

of life ; all after the same.
The Bath of Diana ; after the same.
A set of six plates from the History of Adam and Eve ;

after Ah. Bloema^rt.
Four plates from the Histories of Elijah and Elisha ;

after the same.
Elijah and the "Widow of Sarepta ; after the same. 1604.
Annunciation to the Shepherds ; after the same. 1599.
The Prodigal Son ; after the same. 1618.
Vertumnus and Pomona ; after the same. 1605.
Mars and Venus ; after P. Isaacx.

Judith with the Head of Holoferues ; after L. van Leyden.
David with the Head of Goliah ; after the same.
The Nativity ; after C. van Mander.
Paul and Barnabas ; after the same.
Adam and Eve in Paradise ; after Corn, van Haarletn.
St. John preaching in the Wilderness ; after the same.
Angelica and Medora ; after the same.
Vertumnus and Pomona ; after the same.
The Grot of Pluto; inscribed Lv,x venit in mundum,

&c. ; after the same.
The Death of Bpamiuondas ; after P. da Caravaggio.
Camillus breaking the Treaty of Peace between the

Romans and the Gauls ; after the same.
The History of Niobe and her Children ; in eight sheets,

forming a frieze ; after the same. 1594.
The Entombment of Christ; after M.A. da Garavarjijio.
Clirist in the House of Levi ; after P. Veronese.

SAENREDAM, Pieter, son of Joannes Saenre-
dam, was born at Assendelft in 1597. He was a
scholar of Pranz Pieterzen de Grebber,but adopted
a different style from that of liis master. He
painted architecture, particularly the interiors of
churches, in a large and luminous manner. His
pictures were highly esteemed in his own time,
and are now extremely rare. A view of the Town-
hall of the city of Haarlem, painted by hinj, was
enlivened with a great number of figures, repre-
senting the solemn entry of Prince Maurice. Few
particulars of him are recorded. He was buried
at Haarlem on the ICth August, 1665. Works:

Amsterdam. Museum, Ch. of St. Bavon, Haarlem.
„ „ Another Picture of the same

„ „ Two Views of the Maria-kerk,

in Utrecht.
„ „ View in the Church of Assen-

delft ; inscribed, Pieter Sam-
redain, dese geschildert int jaer
1649 den 2 October. The
figures are by Ad. v. Ostade.

Berlin. Museum. Church Interior.

Haarlem. Museum. Interior of St. Anne's Church,


JRotterdam. Museum. Maria-kerk, Utrecht.

SAEY, , a Flemish painter, native of Ant-
werp, praotising in the 17th century. He painted
chiefly architectural subjects, and worked jointly
with Jerome Janssen, who frequently added figures
to bis backgrounds for him. A certain Jacques
Ferdinand Saey is mentioned in the registers as a.
pupil of Van Ehrenberg in 1672, and was probably
related to the above, and not identical with him,
as there appears to be evidence that the first-men-
tioned Saey was at work on his own account as
early as 1660.

SAFPT, J. C. G., a Dutch painter and engraver,
of little importance, born at Amsterdam, 1778.
He was a pupil of P. Barbiers, and painted land-
scape and interiors.


SAFTLEVBN, Cornelis, (Zachtlbven, Saftle-
BEN,) painter and engraver, was born at Rotterdam
in 1606. Though he did not equal his brother
Herman in talent, he showed considerable skill
in genre pictures, in the style of Teniers and Brou-
wer. Several of his etchings were published. His
portrait was painted by Vandyke, and engraved by
Vosterman. He died in 1682. In the Dresden
Gallery are four examples of bis work, and in the
Amsterdam Museum, three.

SAFTLEVEN, Herman, (Zachtlbven, &c.,)
painter and engraver, born at Rotterdam in 1609.
He was the younger brother of Cornelis Saftleven,
and a pupil of Jan van Go3'en. His views of the
Rhine and Maas are delicately painted from nature,
and crowded with figures. He died at Utrecht
Jan. 6, 1685. His art, though conventional, is de-
lightful in its way, and his pictures are now in
great request.

Amsterdam. Museum. Kiver View.

„ „ View on the Bhine.

„ „ Village on a Eiver,

„ „ Hilly Landscape.

„ „ River Scene.

Copenhagen. Gallery. "Wharf on the Rhine.
„ „ Vintage on the Rhine.

„ „ Inn among Rocks.

„ „ Vista through a Timber Bridge.

„ „ View of Utrecht.

„ „ Meadow-land at Harvest-time.

Dresden. Gallery. A series of eighteen pictures,

including Views of Utrecht,
Eugers, Bhrenbreitsteln, and
Haarlem. Museum. Jan Van Oldenhamevelt and

his Judges, the latter under
the shapes of animals.
London. Dulwich Gall. View on the Rhine. (A viasler-

Munich. Pinahothek. A View of the Rhine.
„ „ Two Rhenish landscapes.

„ „ One Dutch landscape.

Rotterdam. Museum. View on the Rhine.
Stockholm. Gallery. Large Rhine Landscape.

SAFVENBOM, Johann, a Swedish painter, born
in 1721. He studied for a time in France, under
Joseph Vernet. In the Stockholm Gallery there is
a ' Shipwreck near a Fortress ' by him. He died
in 1784.

SAGRESTANI, Giovanni Camillo, a Florentine
painter and poet, born in 1660, studied painting in
the school of Giusti, and also attended that of
Carlo Cignani, whose manner he copied rather than
emulated. He died in 1731.

SAHLER, Louis, (Saii,lar,) an engraver, was
born in France in 1748. He engraved some plates
for the Boydells, among them the following :

Portrait of Helena Forman ; after Rubens.
The Prince of Orange ; after Honthorst.
The Birth of Bacchus ; afta- Reynolds.
The Toper ; after G. I)ou.
George, Prince of Wales ; after John Smart.
The Virgin and Child ; after Domeiiichino.

SAHLER, Otto Christian, an obscure engraver,
whose name is affixed to a portrait of one Adrian
Stalbent, a painter. He was a German goldsmith,
and lived in the 18th century. His plates were
imitations of drawings.

SAILLANT, LE PiRB, an Augustine monk of
the 16th century, much esteemed for the excellence
of his miniatures. He died at Avignon.

SAILMAKKR, Isaao, an English painter of
marine subjects, born in England in 1633, was a
pupil of George Geldorp, and was appointed by
Cromwell to paint a view of the fleet before Mav-

Saint AndrS



dyke. Walpole says that " a print of the con-
federate fleet, under Sir George Rooke, engaging
the French commanded by the Count de Toulouse,
was engraved in 1714, from a design of Sailmaker."
He lived to the age of 88, dying in 1721.

SAINT ANDR6, Simon Renard db, a portrait
painter, born in Paris in 1614, was a pupil of
Beaubrun, and settled at Rome. He painted two
very good portraits of Anne of Austria. He died
in Paris in 1677. He has left several etchings.

SAINT-AUBERT, Antoine Francois, painter,
was born at Gambrai in 1715. He was educated in
Paris, at the expense of the Archbishop of Saint-
Albin, and afterwards became the first master of the
Cambrai School of drawing. The Musees of Cambrai
and Lisle possessed examples of his work. He
died in the former city in 1788. His son, Louis
Joseph Nicolas, also a painter, succeeded to his
father's post. He was born in 1755, and died in
1810. There is a ' Christ in the Tomb ' by him in
the Cambrai Museum. By Antoine-Lodis Saint-
AuBERT, son of Louis Joseph Nicolas, there is a
'Norman Coast Scene,' in the same collection. He
was born in 1794, jnd died 1854.

SAINT-AUBIN, Augustin, engraver, born in
Paris in 1736, was taught drawing by his brother
Gabriel, and engraving by Etienne Fessard and
Laurent Cars. He engraved 'Leda with the Swan,'
after Veronese, and 'Venus with a Mussel-shell,'
after Titian, and more than 300 portraits of the
famous men of his day. He died in 1807.

SAINT-AUBIN, Charles Germain de, a French
engraver, was born in Paris in 1721. He was the
author of three series of plates known respectively
as ' Essais de Papillonneries humaines,' ' Mes petils
bouquets,' and ' Les Fleurettes.'

SAINT-A UBIN, Gabriel Jacques db, brother of
the last-nained, was born in Paris in 1724. He was
a pupil of Jeaurat, Collin de Vermont, and Boucher.
He painted first heroic and then domestic subjects,
and has left forty-three etchings. He died in 1780.
His brother Louis-MlCHBL, also a painter, was em-
ployed at Sevres.

ST. AUBYN, Catherine, is the author of some
etchings dated from 1788 to 1798. Two drawings
by her of St. Michael's Mount have been engraved.

SAINT-AULAIRE, FiiiLix Achille, painter, a
native of Piedmont, born 1801. He studied under
tlie elder and younger Garneray, and practised in
France. He chiefly devoted himself to marine
subjects. He last appeared at the Salon in 1838.
He is also known as a lithographer.

SAINT-:feVE, Jean-Marib, engraver, born at
Lyons on the 9th June, 1810. He studied first at
Lyons under V. Vibert, and subsequently in Paris
under Richomme, and at tlie Ecole des Beaiix Arts.

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 114 of 201)