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Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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Antwerp. Gallery. The Annunciation. ,

,, „ Allegorical Subject.

„ „ Portrait of Maiteuasie, the

Brussels. Oallei'y. Delilah cutting off the Locks

of Samson.
„ Hotel Stevens. The principal events in the
Fables of Bacchus.
Ghent. St. Michel. The Annunciation.

Li(^ge. Ch. of Aleriens. Subjects from the New Testa-

Lille. Madeleine. The History of St. Mary Mag-

Lyons. Alexian Chxirch. Several paintings.
Vienna. Gallery. Several mythological paintings

formerly in the palace of


LENS, Bernard, the elder, the son of a painter
of the same name, of little note, was bom in
London in 1659, and was instructed by his father.
He was a mezzotint engraver, and also etched a
few plates, and drew views in Indian ink. He
died in 1725. The following plates are by
him :

David with the Head of Goliath ; after Domenico Feti.
The Judgment of Paris ; after Sir Peter Lely.
Bacchus, Venus, and Ceres ; after F. Badens.
Three Landscapes, with Figures and Cattle ; after Bcr-

Einaldo and Armida ; after J. Vandervaart.

LENS, Bernard, the younger, the son of Ber-
nard Lens the elder, was born in London in 1680,
and became celebrated for his fine copies in
water-colours from Rubens, Van Dyck, and other
masters. He was also an eminent miniature
painter and drawing-master, and had the honour
of instructing the Duke of Cumberland, and of
becoming enameller and miniature painter to
George II. He etched a few portraits, and two
or three drawing-books of landscapes and views,
which he published for the use of his pupils. He
died at Knightsbridge in 1740. He also engraved
in mezzotint; an account of 23 plates is given by

LENS, Jacob, a Flemish portrait and historical
painter, brother of Andries Lens, was bom at
Antwerp in 1746, and died about 1814. Amongst
his pictures are :

Antwerp. Church «/j presentation in the Temple.

Auyustimans. J ^

Brussels. Gallery. Portrait of the Emperor Leo-


LENTHE, Friedrich Christoph Georg, was
born at Grabow, in Mecklenburg Schwerin, in 1774,
and studied under Grassi at Dresden. He was
director of the Gallery in 1811-12, and afterwards
court painter of the Grand-Duke. He died at
Ludwigslust in 1851. He worked with great
ability, and his paintings are marked by a deep
religious feeling. He also painted portraits, and
was successful in mezzotint engraving. A ' Death
of Christ ' by him is in the cathedral of Schwerin.

LENTZEN, Jan Fraks, a Flemish landscape
painter, was born at Antwerp in 1790, and died
there in 1840. He is known chiefly by his success-
ful copies of the works of Oinmeganck.

IiENTZNER, Johann Nikolaus, was born at
Schleiz in Voigtland, in 1711. He was instructed
by Dietrich at Weimar, and studied afterwards
under Hamilton, in whose style, as well as in
that of Wouwermanj Heinrich Roos, and Dietrich,
he executed excellent landscapes, ruins, and cattle.
He settled at Frankfort, and died there in 1749.
In addition to several drawings in Indian ink and
ruddle after the above-mentioned artists, he has
left one of the ' Festivities at the Coronation of the
Emperor Charles VII. in 1741.'

LENZ, Karl Gottlieb, was born at Dresden in
1753. He was a pupil of Hutin, and resided for
some time at Schenau, but in 1788 he went to
Rome, where he died in 1790. Among his works
were ' Paul and Festus,' and the ' Worship of the
Golden Calf.'




LEON, Christobal de, a scholar of Valdes
Leal, painted eighteen monastic portraits, and
some decorations in distemper for the church of
San Felipe Neri, by which he proved himself,
according to Cean Bermudez, one of the best artists
in Seville after the death of Murillo and Valdes.
He died at Seville in 1729.

LEON, Felipe de, a Spanish historical painter,
appears to have been the brother of Christobal
de Leon. He imitated the style of Murillo, and
also copied the works of that master. Many of
his copies were formerly at Seville, where they
were held in great esteem by the amateurs. He
likewise produced several pictures of his own
composition ; among others, ' The Prophet Elijah
ascending to Heaven in a Chariot of Fire.' He
died at Seville in 1728.

LEON, Juan de Vanderhamen y. See Van-


LKON, Juan Valdelmira de. See Valdelmira
DE Leon.

LEON LEAL, Simon de, a Spanish painter, was
born at Madrid in 1610. He was a scholar of
Pedro de Las Cuevas, and distinguished himself
both in history and portraits. In the latter, he
formed his style from the chaste and simple colour-
ing of Van Dyck. For the Prernonstratensian
Friars he painted aij allar-piece representing ' St.
Norbert triumphing over Heresy,' and another
picture of ' St. Norbert receiving his vestments
from the hands of the Virgin.' For the church of
the Noviciado of the Jesuits he painted an altar-
piece, and a series of pictures of the Infancy of
Christ, and for the church of the Capuchins an
' Immaculate Conception.' He was appointed
painter to the queen, and was much employed by
the court. He died at Madrid in 1687.

LEON SALCEDO, Ignacio de, was a scholar of
Valdes Leal, who studied in the Academy of
Seville in 1666-7. He imitated the styje of his
master. His best work was in the Convent of
Mercy, and represented ' San Pedro Nolasco cor-
recting the Novices of his Order.'

LlfeONARD, Jean Pierre, a French still-hfe and
historical painter, was born at Montpellier in 1790.
He was a pupil of Gu^rin. Among his works are
'The Baptism of our Lord,' and 'The Baptism of
the Eunuch,' in the Cathedral at Montpellier, and
the ' Death of St. Joseph ' in the church of La
Charite at Nimes.

LEONARDIS, Giacomo, an Italian designer and
etcher, was born at Palma, in the Venetian State,
in 1723, and died after 1780. He was instructed
by M. Benville and G. B. Tiepolo, and obtained
the first prize at the Academy of Venice. He was
skilful in preserving the character of the artist
he represented. He etched several plates after
Italian masters ; among which are the following :

Cupids at Play ; after Giulio Carpioni.

The Triumph of Silenus ; after the same.

Neptune and Thetis ; after Sebastiano Conea. 1765.

The Rape of Europa ; after the same.

Two plates of the Amusements of the Carnival : afterr

The Golden Calf ; after Tintoretto.
The Last Judgment ; after the same. 1768.

LEONARDO, Agtjstin, a native of Valencia, is
supposed to have taken the habit of the Order
of Mercy at Xativa. In 1620 he was a brother
of the convent of that order at Puig, near
Valencia, where he painted for the sacristy four
large pictures of the ' Finding of the Image of Our

Lady at Puig ; ' the ' Siege of Valencia,' and its
surrender to King James; and the 'Battle of
Puig,' in which St. George fought for the Christians.
He afterwards visited Seville, where he painted a
picture, dated 1624, of ' Christ and the Woman of
Samaria.' In 1624-5 he was called to Madrid,
where he painted two pictures for the great stair-
case of the Convent of Mercy, which, according
to Cean Bermudez, possessed some merit in draw-
ing and composition, but were harsh in colouring.
He was thought' to excel in portraiture, and
painted a portrait of Gabriel Bocangel, the poet.
Palomino states that he died at Madrid in 1640, but
Cean Bermudez thinks it more probable that he
returned to Valencia, and died there at a later date.

LEONARDO, Jusepb, a Spanish painter of
battles, was a distinguished scholar of Pedro de
Las Cuevas. He was born at Calatayud in Ara-
gon in 1616, and died at Saragossa in 1656, of
poison, supposed to have been administered to liim
by some who were jealous of his merits. He was
painter to the king, and executed for the palace
of Buen Retire works worthy of celebrity; among
them the ' Surrender of Breda,' and the ' March of
the Duke of Feria's Troop upon Acqui,' which are
now in the Madrid Gallery ; the latter is a picture
of large dimensions and great merit. Tliere is also
a portrait of Alaric the Goth, which is one of the
ornaments of the royal collection.


LEONARDONI, Francisco, was born in 1654 at
Venice, where he studied for some time. Expa-
triated for some unknown cause, he travelled
through various parts of Europe, and settled at
Madrid in 1680. There he distinguished himself
by his portraits, especially miniatures, although he
also painted several pictures for the churches. In
the church of the Convent of Atocha at Madrid, are
two pictures of the ' Marriage and Death of St.
Joseph ; ' and in the church of San Geronimo el
Real, a large altar-piece of the ' Annunciation.' He
died at Madrid in 1711.

LEONART, Johannes Fredrik, a Flemish
etcher and engraver in mezzotint, was born at
Dunkirk about 1633, and died at Berlin in 1680.
He engraved the portraits of Justus van Merstrae-
ten, Syndic of Brussels, and his wife, after Van

LEONBRUNO, Lorenzo, was born at Mantua in
1489. He studied after the works of Mantegna,
attended the school of Lorenzo Costa in 1508, and
visited Rome in 1521. Several of his paintings,
which he executed in the palaces of his native
city, have disappeared. There is by him in the
Berlin Gallery the ' Judgment of Midas.' He died
in 1537, probably at Mantua.

LEONCINI, Feanoesco, was the engraver of a
plate representing the ' Flight into Egypt ; ' it is
etched in the style of a painter, and signed Fran-
cesco Leoncini di S. Geminiano,f. et inv.

LEONE, a Benedictine 'monk, was- probably
a native of Amalfi. He wrote in 1072 the Codex
99, ' Homilise diversse,' at Monte Cassino, which he
illuminated with portraits and scenes from the
Bible in miniature, that might easily be attributed
to Cimabue or Giotto. He is probably identical
with Leo, Cardinal Bishop of Ostia, who was
secretary to Pope Urban IL, and died in 1115.

LEONE, Andrea di, born at Naples in 1596,
was a disciple of Corenzio, II Greco, and Salvator
Rosa. When Corenzio left Naples, Leone became
his successor, and adorned the palace of the Viceroy





in that city. He painted tliere several battles,
but afterwards imitated Aniello Falcone in his
works of a smaller size. There are several paint-
ings by him in the cathedral and in San Paolo
Maggiore at Milan. He died at Naples in 1676.
The following also is by him :

Madrid. Oallery. The Wrestling of Jacob with the


LEONE, Gabriem. See Van dee Leedw.

LEONELLO, Antonio, was a native of Bologna,
who lived at the end of the 15th century. He
painted chiefly fruits, flowers, and animals.

LEONETTI, Giovanni Battista, was an Italian
engraver, who was working at Rome at the com-
mencement of the 19th century, but who died
before 1830. Among his works are the following :

The Triumph of David ; after Guercino,
Christ on the Cro.,s ; after F. Gessi.
Christ in the Temple among the Doctors ; after
LeoTtardo da Vinci.

LEONI, Gdglielmo da, an Italian painter and
engraver, was born at Parma in 1664. He is
supposed to have been a pupil of Giulio Romano,
but he soon abandoned painting for engraving.
He died about 1740.

LEONI, LoDOVioo, called II Padovanino, was
born at Padua in 1531. He spent most of his life
in Rome, and executed portraits in wax, besides
painting in oil and fresco landscapes and historical
subjects. He died at Rome in 1606.

LEONI, Ottavio, the son and pupil of Lodovioo
Leoni, was born at Rome about 1578. He
was esteemed one of the ablest portrait painters
of his time, and drew the popes, cardinals, and
principal nobility of the period in which he lived.
His talents were not, however, confined to por-
traiture ; for he painted several altar-pieces for the
churches in Rome. In Sant' Eustachio is a picture
by him of the ' Annunciation ' ; in Santa Maria
della Minerva, the 'Virgin and Child, with St.
Hyacinthe ' ; and in Sant' Urbano, ' St. Charles, St.
Francis, and St. Nicholas.' He was made principal
of the Academy of St. Luke, and a knight of the
order of Christ, on which occasion he painted
for the church of the Academy the ' Martyrdom
of St. Martina.' He died at Rome in 1630.
Ottavio Leoni was the engraver of a set of heads
of painters and others, executed in a singular
manner, but producing a very pleasing effect
The hair and draperies are engraved with strokes ;
the faces delicately dotted, with the shadows assisted
with strokes. There are about twenty of the plates,
among which are the following, which are signed,
Mques Ottav. Leonus, Bomanus pictor fecit.

LudovicTis Leonus, Pictor et Sculptor. 1625.

Eques Ottav. Leonus ; se ipse fee. 1625.

Joannes Franciscus Barbieri, Centinus pictor. 1623.

Marcellus Provenzalis, Centensis. 1623.

Eques Christopher. Ronchalis de Pomeranciis, pictor.

Eques Joseph Csesar Arpinas, pictor. 1621.
Antonius Tempesta, pictor Florentinus. 1621.
Thomas Salinus, Bomauus, pictor. 1625.'
Fr. D. Antonius Barberinus. 1625.

LEONORI, PiETRO Giovanni, was a painter of
the Bolognese school, who about 1400 painted a
' Madonna and Saints ' in the Custom House, and
decorated with frescoes several public buildings.

LEPAGE, FEANgois, a Frencli flower painter,
was born at Lyons in 1796., In 1826 he was
appointed a Professor at the Ecole des Beaux- Arts
at Lyons.


LB PASTURE, Rogier db. See Van dek

LE PAULTRE, Jean, (or Lb Pautrb,) a
French draughtsman and engraver, was born
in Paris in 1618. In the early part of his
life he was placed with a carpenter and builder,
under whom he learned to draw plans and orna-
mental designs. He afterwards turned his atten-
tion to engraving, both with the point and the
graver, and executed some fourteen or fifteen
hundred plates, consisting of architectural decora-
tions, friezes, ceilings, vases, and other ornaments,
which, with the exception of a few prints from
the drawings of Paolo Farinati, are all after bis
own designs. He also engraved several historical
and religious subjects ; but they are inferior to
his other plates. He was made a member of the
Academy at Paris in 1677, and died there in 1682.
His works are usually marked with the initials
I. P. or /. le P. The following are his most
esteemed prints :

Jean Lepautre, with a border of flowers, supported by

Genii. 1674.
Louis XIV., in Roman attire. 1684
Jean Eobert.


Ten plates of the History of'Moses.

Twenty-two plates of Mythological Subjects.

Twelve Landscapes, Views of Gardens and Grottoes.

Six plates of Italian Fountains.

Six of Friezes, Mythological Subjects.

Twelve of Antique Yases.

Six plates of Sea-ports and Vessels.

The Coronation of Louis XIV. in the cathedral at

Eheims ; on three sheets.
The Baptism of the Dauphin.
Two perspective Views of the Canal of Fontainebleau.

LBPICIB, Bernard, a French engraver, was
born in Paris in 1698. He was probably a pupil
of Jean Audran, whose style he adopted with
success. 'He was invited to England by Claude
Du Bosc, to assist him in engraving the cartoons
of Raphael, on a smaller scale than those of
Dorigny ; but his talents ought not to be estimated
from those unfavourable specimens. On his return
to Paris, he engraved several plates, which gained
him great reputation. He was received into the
Academy in 1740, and became its secretary
and historiographer ; and in the latter capacity
he published in 1752 a ' Catalogue raisonni des
Tableaux du Cabinet du Roi,' and 'Les Vies des
Premiers Peintres du Roi, depuis M. Le Brun,
jusqu'a present.' He died in Paris in 1755. The
following are his principal prints :

Nicolas Bertin, painter; after De Lien; engraved for

his reception into the Academy.
Louis de BouUongne, painter ; after Sigaud.
Philibert Orry, Minister of Finance ; after the same. _
Pierre Grassin, Director of the Mint ; after LargilUire.
Charles Capperonnier, Librarian to the King; after

Madame Dufresne, actress ; after the same.
Jean Antoine "Watteau, painter ; after himself.
Fran9oise d'Aubign^, Marquise de Maintenon ; after

Jean Baptists Moliere ; an etching ; after Cliarles Coypl-


The Circumcision ; after Giulio Romano ; for the Crozat

Jupiter and lo ; after the same ; for the same.
Jupiter and Juno ; after the same ; for the same. _
St. John preaching in the Wilderness ; qfter Badem;

for the same.




Vertumnus and Pomona ; after Rembrandt.

Two Subjects ; after Teniers.

The Chess-players ; after 0. He Moor.

The Players at Piquet ; after G. Netscher.

Town Love and Village Love ; after Charles Coypel.

The Pacha having his Mistress's portrait painted; after

Carle van Loo.
Charles I. taking leave of his Children ; after Eaoux.

L^PIClfi, Nicolas Bernard, tlie son of Bernard
L6pici6, was born in Paris in 1736. He studied
under Carle van Loo, and became painter to the
king, and professor of the Academy. He died in
Paris in 1784. The following are his best paintings :

The Courage of Porcia. (ZiUe Museum.)
Kegulus taking leave of his Family.

LEPICIE, REN:fiB i!1lis4beth, whose maiden
name was MarliS, was born in 1714, and in 1732
became the wife of Bernard Ldpici^. She en-
graved after Raphael, Boucher, Van Loo, Chardin,
Rigaud, and other French painters, and died in
Paris in 1773. The following are two of her prints :

Saying Grace, and the Industrious Mother; a pair;

after Chardin.
The Flemish Cook ; after Teniers.

LE PIPER, Franqois, was the son of a Kentish
gentleman of Flemish extraction, and was born
about the year 1640. His father, who was in pos-
seasion of a considerable estate, gave him a liberal
education, intending him for a merchant, but his
inclination leading him entirely to drawing, he
rambled over great part of Europe to study paint-
ing. He was of a gay and facetious turn of mind,
and the subjects he treated were usually humorous
and comical, and were chiefly painted in black and
white. Most of his performances wei-e produced
over a bottle, and the theatre of his exertions was
the Mitre Tavern at Stock's Market, or the Bell
in Westminster, which were adorned by the pro-
ductions of this jovial artist. He drew landscapes,
which he etched on silver plates for the tobacco-
boxes of his friends. Towards the latter part of
his life his circumstances were sufficiently reduced
to make it necessary for him to think of turning
his talents to some account. Becket employed
him to design his mezzotints, and he drew several
of the heads of the Grand Seigniors, for Sir Paul
Rycaut's ' History of the Turks.' On the death of
his mother, his fortune being re-established, he
launciied again into a course of pleasure, con-
tracted a fever, and being bled by an ignorant
surgeon, who pricked an artery, he died in 1698.
His portrait was drawn in crayons by Faithorne,
and engraved by Lutterel.

LE POITTEVIN, Edmond Modeste Edgenb, a
French landscape and marine painter, whose name
was originally Poidevin, was born in Paris in
1806, and studied under Hersent. He visited
England, the Netherlands, and Italy, and died at
Aiiteuil in 1870. He used the initials L. P. There
are by him :

The Sinking of the Ship ' Le Vengeur.'

Winter in Holland.

A Norman Cottage.

The Fisherman on, the Ice.

The Sea-Baths at Etretat.

Adriaan Brouwer painting a Tavern Child. {Munich

Kocky Coast near Havre. (South Kensington Museum.)

LE PRINCE, AuGUSTE Xavier, a French genre
painter, was born in Paris in 1799, and studied
after nature and from the works of Albert Cuyp
and Adriaan van de Velde. His village fairs,
carnivals, corps de garde, and a great variety of

other subjects are to be found in some of the best
collections. He exhibited at the Salons of 1819,
1822, and 1824, and died at Nice in 1826. His
' Interieur de son Atelier' was finished by his pupil
Eugene Le Poittevin, and ' L'Antiquaire ' by
Renoux. In the Louvre there are by him ' Em-
barkation of Cattle at Honfleur,' and a view of the
Pass of Susten, Switzerland.

LE PRINCE, Charles Bdouard, Baron de
Crespy, a French genre painter, was born in Paris
in 1784. He was a pupil of David and Madame Le
Brun, and exhibited at the Salon from 1812 to 1850.

LE PRINCE, GnsTAVE, a French landscape
painter, was born in Paris in 1810, and was a
pupil of Xavier and Leopold Le Prince. He died
in 1837. There is by him in the Museum of Douai
a ' View in the Environs of Fontainebleau.'

LE PRINCE, Jean Baptiste, a French painter
and engraver, was horn in 1733 at Metz, where he
learned the rudiments of art. Subsequently he
studied painting under J. M. Vien and Fran9ois
Boucher, and after having acquired some reput-
ation at Paris, went to Russia, where he resided
several years, and visited various parts of that
empire, sketching the different- costumes and the
most remarkable views in the provinces through
which he passed. He returned to Paris with an
extensive collection of drawings, from which he
painted pictures, which were much admired, and
executed several plates, both in etching and
aquatint. He also engraved several fancy sub-
jects and domestic scenes from his own designs.
The number of his plates exceeds 160. He became
an academician in 1765, and died at St. Denis-du-
Port, near Lagny-sur-Marne, in 1781. Among his
best paintings are :

Le Corps de Garde. {Louvre.)

A Bnssiau Baptism.

A Kussian Shepherdess.

A Kussian Peasant's Cottage.

LE PRINCE, Robert L:^opold, a French land-
scape painter, the brother of Anguste Xavier Le
Prince, was born in Paris in 1800, and died at
Chartres in 1847. There are pictures by him in
the Museums of Chartres and Besangon.

LEQUEUTRE, Hippolyte Joseph, a miniature
portrait painter, was born at Dunkirk in 1793. He
was a pupil of the elder Isabey, and exhibited at
the Salon from 1822 to 1863. Among his works
are portraits of the Duke of Bordeaux, Duchess of
Berri, Princess of Nassau, etc.

LERCH, J. M., a German engraver, flourished at
Vienna about the year 1670. He engraved some
of the portraits for Priorato's 'History of the
Emperor Leopold,' 1670 ; and in conjunction with
Hoffman executed a large print, in three sheets, of
the ' Siege of Brandenburg.'

LEROUX, Jean Marie, a French line-engraver,
was born in Paris in 1788, and was a disciple of
David. He died in Paris in 1871. Among his
best plates are :

La Madonna della Soala ; after Correggio.

Leda ; after Leonardo da Vinci.

St. Catharine ; after Raphael.

Thalia ; after the same.

Jeanne d'Aragon ; after Raphael.

St. Theresa ; after Gerard.

The Eendezvous of Bianca Capella ; a.fter L. Duds.

The Flight of Bianca Capella ; after the same.

St. Jerome ; after Domenichino.

Francis I., King of France.; after Titian.

Lafayette ; after Ary Scheffer.

Eouget-Delisle ; after a medallion hy David.


Le Roy



La Vierge a TEtoile ; after Pinturlcchio.

La Vierge a I'Aureole ; after Murillo.

La Yierge aux Anges ; after the same.

The Magdalen in the Desert ; after Gennari.

LE ROY, Claude, a French engraver, flourished
in Paris about 1709. He engraved the portraits of
Fleury, Boileau, Bossuet, and Cardinal Dubois, all
after Rigaud. His name is also affixed to the por-
trait of Cardinal de Fleury, engraved after Autreau.

LE ROY, Henry, was an engraver, by whom
there is a set of six plates of butterflies, beetles,
and other insects, etched in a style resembling that
of Hollar, and retouched with the graver. They
are inscribed Renry le Roy fecit 'JE. 72, 1651.

LE ROY, Jacqdes, a French line engraver, was
born in Paris in 1739. There is a portrait by him
of Voltaire, engraved after the death of the latter
in 1778.

LE ROY, Joseph Anne, a Flemish genre painter,
was born at Brussels in 1814. He was the son of
Pierre Frangois Le Roy, the elder, and studied
under his brother and Eugene Verboeokhoven. He
died at Brussels in 1860. His best known work is
' Cavaliers in an Inn Yard.'

LE ROY, PiEREE Feanqois, the elder, a Flemish
animal and battle painter, was boi'n at Namur in
1772. He was the son of the sculptor Le Roy.
He gained various medals, one of which was
awarded for his ' Battle of Waterloo,' which found
an English purchaser. There are several good
examples of bis skill with the etching needle. He
died at Brussels in 1861.

LE ROY, PlERBB FRANgois, the younger, a
Flemish genre painter, the son and pupil of Pierre
Fran9ois Le Roy the elder, was born at Brussels
in 1803. Several works were painted by him in
conjunction with Eugene Verboeokhoven. There
are etchings by him. He died in 1833. Amongst
his pictures are :

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 12 of 201)