Michael Bryan.

Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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making his way successively througli the Black
Forest, Switzerland, Holland, and Normandy. In
1839 he visited Italy, and was made professor at
the Diisseldorf Academy. In 1853 he was sum-
moned to direct the School of Art at Karlsruhe,
and there he died in 1863. The following pictures
in the Berlin Gallery are by him :

Scene in a German Forest.

The Convent of S. Scholastica in the Sabine Mountains.

Abraham's Entry into the Promised Land.

The Promise in the Grove of Mamre.

Abraham's Intercession for Sodom and Gomorrah,

The Flight of Lot.

Hagar cast out.

Hagar in the 'Wilderness,

Hagar's Deliverance.

Abraham and Isaac going to the Sacrifice.

Offering up of Isaae.

Abraham and Isaac's lamentation for Sarah.

Eliezer and Rebekah at the Well.

Burial of Abraham.
.. SCniTZ, Jules, landscape painter, born in Paris
February 9, 1817, was a pupil of Eemont. He
exhibited frequently at the Salon between 1840
and the time of his death in 1871, He was Director
of the Municipal Drawing School at Troyes.

SCHIVENOGLIA, Lo. See Rainieei,

SCHIZZONE, , an Italian painter of the 16th

century, the friend and companion of Vincenzio
di S. Gimignano. His career was cut short by the
troubles of 1527, for after the sack of Rome he
appears to have abandoned art.

SCHKUHR, Christian, draughtsman and etcher,
was bom at Pegau, iii Saxony, in 1741. He
devoted himself early in life to botany, but later
added mechanics and optics to his pursuits, and
was appointed mechanician to the Wittenberg
University, He published a botanical handbook,
the plates for which he designed and etched
himself. He died at Wittenberg in 1811.

SCHLEICH, August, painter and etcher, born
at Munich in 1814, principallj' devoted himself to
drawing animals. He died at Munich in 1865.

SCHLEICH, Eduakd, landscape painter, was
born at Schloss Haarbacli, near Landshut, in 1812.
He was a pupil of the Munich Academy, but his
real teachers were the Bavarian mountains and the
Old Masters, He travelled in Upper Italy, France,
and the Netherlands. In 1868 he was elected
Royal Bavarian Professor at Munich, and there he
died in 1874,

Berlin. Nat. Gall. Evening Landscape.

Munich. iV. Pinakothek, Landscape — Isar and Bavarian
„ A ChalSt.

SCHLEICH, JoHANN Karl, engraver, born at
Augsburg in 1759, learned his art under Jungwirth
and Mettenleiter. He engraved portraits of many
of his contemporaries, some topographical plates,
find ' Hope nursing Love,' after Reynolds. He died
at Munich in 1842,

SCHLEICH, Karl, engraver, son and pupil of
Johann Karl Schleich, was born at Augsburg in
1788. There are by him :

Peasant Family ; after Potter,

The Cathedral of Batisbou,

A View of Munich.

Twelve Landscapes; after Wayenbaur, Dujardin, and

He died at Munich in 1840,

SCHLEISNER, Christian Andreas, painter,
was born at Lyngby, near Copenhagen, in 1810,
His early education was obtained at the Copen-
hagen School of Art, but afterwards he studied
for a time in Munich, and between 1840 and
1842 was a travelling student of the Copenhagen
Academy, Of this institution he became a member
in 1852, and a professor in 1858. His pictures
belong to the class of genre ; many of them are
comic. His death took place at Copenhagen in
1881. Works :
Copenhagen, Gallery. Sailors in a Beershop.

„ „ Tinker in his "Workshop.

Munich. New Pina- ) The Coppersmith and his

kothek. j Family.

SCHLESINGER,Adam, painter, bom at Eberts-
heim, in Rhenish Bavaria, in 1759, painted fruits.
In the National Gallery, Berlin, are two examples
of his art. He died in 1829.

SCHLESINGER, Jakob, painter, born at Grun-
stadt in 1793, learned the first principles of art
from his father, Johann Sohlesinger, and afterwards
studied in Mannheim and Munich, The brothers
Boisseree employed him in restoring old pictures.
In 1822 he was appointed professor at Berlin,
The Sixtine Madonna of Raphael, Titian's daugh-
ter, and other well-known pictures were copied by
him. He also painted portraits, and fruit and
flower pieces. Ho died at Berlin in 1855. There
is a tracing by him from the Sixtine Madonna in
the London National Gallery,

SCHLEY, Van der. See Van der Schley.

SCHLICHT, Abel. This artist was born at
Mannheim in 1754. He engraved several plates
in aquatint, which are favourably mentioned by
Huber. He was a painter and arcliitect as well
as an engraver ; he studied perspective under L.
Quaglio, and was a professor in the Academy of
Diisseldorf, He died in 1826, Among his plates,
we may name :

A Storm and Shipwreck ; after Fernet.

A Calm ; after the same.

A Landscape, with cattle ; after A. Vanievelde.

A Landscape, with figures and animals ; after Beryliem.

A Landscape ; after Pynaker.

Several architectural Views; after Bibiena, Pannini,
and ethers.

SCHLICHTEN, J, P. van dee. See Van der

SCHLOEPKE, Theodob, painter, first made
his name by painting genre and horse pictures, and
portraits. For the Duke of Mecklenburgh he
painted a series of scenes of the Schleswig-Holstein
war. Between 1856 to 1857 he painted at Paris,
under the auspices of H. Vernet, his one great his-
torical picture, the ' Death of Niolot.' He died at
Schwerin.in 1878.

SCHLOSSER, Leopold, landscape painter, was
a native of Berlin. He painted a large landscape
with two wolves in the foreground, which showed
considerable talent. He died at Diisseldorf in 1836.

SCHLOTTERBECK, Christian Jakob, a painter
and engraver, but chiefly the latter, was born at
Boblingen, in Wiirtemberg, in 1765. He was the





son o£ a stone-cutter, and first studied medicine,
which he afterwards abandoned for art. He
entered the Karlsacademie at Wiirtemberg in
1774, and studied engraving under J. Y. MiLller.
In 1785 lie was appointed court engraver. He
painted Duke Charles and King Friedrich of
Wiirtemberg, and engraved a number of por-
traits, among which are those of Schubart, Harper,
Guibal, etc. Of his other plates, the principal are,
' Titian's Mistress,' after the picture once in the Or-
leans collection, ' HerodiaS with the head of John
the Baptist,' the ' Laocoon,' and busts of Castor
and Pollux, Minerva, Mercury, and Diana, from
the antique, also some frontispieces and vignettes.
He died about 1812.

SCHLOTTEKBECK, Wilhelm Fkiedmoh, a
draughtsman and engraver, born in 1777 at Hart-
ingen in Switzerland, was a scholar of C. von Mechel
of Basle. He had a great predilection for aquatint,
and it may be said that his success made that art
popular in Germany. He engraved many large
plates after Claude, Both, P. Hackert, and his own
drawings. He joined the Chalcographic Institution
at Dessau in 1798, where he engraved the four fine
landscapes by Claude Lorraine, then at Cassel,
but now in the Hermitage at St. Petersburg ; and
in 1801 he went to reside at Vienna. From 1808
till the time of his death he was occupied in
making drawings of the picturesque scenery in the
Tyrol, at Salzburg, and in various other parts of
Germany and Hungary, which he engraved for
Mollo, the Viennese publisher. He died at Vienna
in 1819.

SGHLOTTHAUBR, Joseph, painter, born at
Munich in 1789, was first a carpenter, though he
devoted his leisure hours to drawiiig. Having
finished several preparatory works, he was received
as a pupil of the Academy, but a few months after
the War of Dehveranoe in the Tyrol broke out, and
Scblotthauer enlisted in a corps of volunteer sharp-
shooters. When the war was over he returned
to his art, and attached himself in 1819 to Cor-
nelius, who had come to Munich to commence the
frescoes of the Glyptothek, painting several of
the frescoes from Cornelius' Cartoons. In 1838 he
painted the side-altars in Bamberg Cathedral, and
about this time his mechanical and anatomical
studies led him to put forward a new method of
orthopoedic treatment, for the purposes of which
he started an institution, of which he was for many
years the manager. In 1845 he went to Pompeii
to make researches into ancient methods of painting,
and in the following year he invented jointly with
Fuchs the kind of fresco painting known as stereo-
chrom^'. It was used by Kaulbach in his frescoes
for the Berlin Museum. His ' Christ crowned with
Thorns ' is his best known easel-picture. He was
further the author of a set of fifty-three lithograph
plates after Holbein's 'Dance of Death' (1832).
Among his pupils were Count Pocci, E. Linder,
J. Schraudolph, and J. A. Fischer. He died at
Munich in 1869.

SCHLOTTHAUER, Karl, painter, was bora at
Munich in 1803. He was the pupil of his uncle,
Joseph Scblotthauer, and painted landscapes, chiefly
from the Bavarian Alps. He was a professor in
the Art School of Lindau.

SCHMEIDLER, Karl Gottlob, portrait painter,
born at Nimptsch in 1772, first studied theology,
but became a painter from want of means. After
studying in the Academy at Dresden, he settled
at BreslaUj and painted portraits, among which

were those of General Bennigsen and his wife, and
of some members of the Prussian Royal Family.
He died at Breslau in 1838.

SCHMELLEK, Johann Joseph, a painter, born
at Gross-Obringen, near Weimar, in 1796, was a
pupil of Jagemann. The Grand Duke sent him
to Antwerp, in 1820, to study under Van Bree,
and on his return he became master of the Drawing
School at Weimar. He painted two portraits of
Goethe, and was further commissioned by the poet
to make an album of portrait sketches in chalk of
distinguished [jersons and friends, which work is
still in the possession of Goethe's family. He died
at Wiemar in 1841.

SCHMERLING, Pauline von, flower-painter,
was born at Vieima in 1806. Her father was a
Freiherr J. von Koudelka in the Austrian army,
and she was a pupil of Franz Petter. In the
Vienna Gallery there is an excellent flower-piece
by her. She died at Vienna in 1840.

SCHMETTEKLING, Josef Adolf, was born at
Vienna in 1758. He painted miniatures with some
success. He established himself in Amsterdam,
where he died in 1828. His daughter, Christiana,
was a painter of flowers and fruit, in water-colour.
She was born at Amsterdam in 1796, and died
there in 1840. Another daughter, Elizabeth, who
followed her father's profession of miniaturist, w^as
established in Amsterdam in 1804.

SCHMID, Karl August, painter, born at Nen-
burgin 1807, studied at the Munich Academy from
1822 to 1825, and then turned to out-door Nature.
He made drawings for works on natural history
and botany. He travelled through the Tyrol, Salz-
burg, and Upper Italy, and in 1831 produced a
series of water-colour landscapes, illustrating his
travels. He died in 1834.

SCHMID, Peter, painter, born at Treves in 1769,
displayed talent for art as a boy, and was instructed
in painting through the help of Count von Walters-
dorf. He taught in Stettin, Berlin, and Frankfort
on a new system, laying great stress on a study of
nature, and.published several books of instruction
embodying his theories. In 1834 he became pro-
fessor of drawing at Berlin.

SCHMID, Simon, bom at Munich in 1760, was
Court chaplain, and claims mention as one of the
inventors of lithography. The first essays in
Kellheim stone were made by him. In 1788 he
published eighteen lithographs, some in relief,
some in intaglio. He died at Munich in 1840.

SCHMIDT, Eduahd, painter, a native of Berlin,
was a pupil of Blechen, and painted chiefly sea-
pieces, from tlje coasts of Heligoland, England,
and Sweden. He died in 1862.

SCHMIDT, Georg Friedrich, born at Berlin in
1712, was instructed in design and engraving by
G. P. Busch, at the Berlin Academy ; but he after-
wards went to Paris, where he became a pupil of
Nicholas Larmessins. In 1742 he was received
into the Paris Academy, and engraved, for his re-
ception plate, his fine portrait of P. Mignard. In
1744 he returned to Berlin, and was soon afterwards
appointed engraver to the King. He resided at
Berlin till 1757, when he was invited to St. Peters-
burg by the Empress Elizabeth, and commissioned
to organize a school of engraving, and to engrave
the Emperor's portrait. He returned to Berlin in
1762, and etched a few plates in the manner of
Rembrandt. He died at Berlin in 1775. The
following is a list of his better plates ; he engraved
about 200 in all.




The Empress Elizabeth of Russia ; after L. Tocque.

Michael, Count de Woronzow ; after the same.

Count Nicholas Esterhazi ; after the same.

Fred. Hen. Louis, Prince of Prussia ; after A . Vanloo.

Jean Paul Eignon, Abb^ de St. Quentin ; after Riyaud.

Constantine Scarlati, Prince of Moldavia.

Ch. Gabriel de Caylus, Bishop of Auxerre ; after Fontaine.

Louis de la Tour d'Auvergae, Count d'Evreux ; after

Ch. de St. Albin, Archbishop of Cambray ; after the same.
Pierre Mignard ; after the same.
Antoine Pesae ; after a picture hy himself.
Maurice Queutin de la Tour ; after the same.
The Virgin and Child, with St. John ; after Vandyclc.
The Presentation in the Temple ; q/ifei- Pietro Testa.
Alexander and his Phy.>,iciau ; after Ann. Carracci.
A Bust of the Virgin ; after Sassoferrato.
Dutch Boors regaling; after A. Ostade.


His own Portrait, drawing.

The Portrait of Rembrandt ; after a picture hy himself.

The Raising of Jairus's Daughter ; after Bemhrandt.

The Presentation in the Temple ; after Dietricy.

Lot and his Daughters ; after Rembrandt.

The Mother of Rembrandt ; after the same.

SCHMIDT, Heinrich, painter, born at Saar-
briick in 1740 (17G0), painted historical works,
portraits, and landscapes. He lived chiefly at
Naples, and was painter to the court of Hesse
Darmstadt, and died in 1818.

SCHMIDT, Heinrich Feiedrich Thomas, painter
and engraver, born at Berlin in 1780. He practised
first at Leipsio, and afterwards at Weimar. There
are portraits by him of Wieland, Gall, Schiller,
Kant, and the Czar, Alexander I.

SCHMIDT, IsAAK, born at Amsterdam in 1740,
received his first lessons in painting from Jan Van
Hujsum, and subsequently became a scholar of J.
M. Qiiinkhardt, with wliom he remained six years.
After some attempts at portrait painting, in which
he did not succeed to his wishes, he applied himself
to landscape, and painted several good pictures in
concert with Juriaan Andriessen. His pictures are
not numerous, as he devoted much of his time to
teaching, and to poetry and miigic. He wrote
some comedies, and translated ii ' Life of Rubens.'
He was one of the founders of the drawing academy
at Amsterdam in 1769, and continued to be a
director till the time of his death, which occurred
in 1818. His son Isaak practised portrait painting
for a time, but eventually became a professor in the
School of Artillery and Engineering at Delft. He
died in 1826.

SCHMIDT, Johann Gottfried, engraver, born
at Dresden in 1764, studied under Rasp, and pro-
duced many good engravings, amonj; them a series
of fifty portraits of theologians.

SCHMIDT, Johann Heinrich, painter, was born
at Hildburghausen in 1749. He studied at Leipsio,
and travelled through France and Italy, where he
made a name by portraits in oil and pastel. In
1775 he went to Dresden as court painter, and in
1791 painted a 'Council of Princes at Pillnitz.'
He executed pastel portraits of Suwarrow, Nelson,
the Archduke Charles, Napoleon, &c., and one of
the Princess Augusta of Saxoiy, now in the Dresden
Gallery. He died at Dresden in 1829.

SCHMIDT, Martin Joachim, painter and en-
graver, was born at Grafenworth, near Krems, in
1718. He etched a number of altar-pieces and
mythological subjects, in the Tnanner of Rembrandt
and Castiglione. He died in Krems in 1801. There
are some examples of bis work in the Vienna

SCHMIDT, Mathias, painter and engraver, born
at Mannheim in 1749, painted landscapes, and
copied the etchings of Karel Dujardin, Adriaan
van de Velde, Jan Fyt, &o. He also etched a
number of plates after original drawings by Ferdin-
and Kobell and Rembrandt. He died at Munich in

SCHMIDT, Oi.E JfJEGEN, draughtsman and archi-
tect, was born at Copenhagen, July 13, 1793.
He studied for three years at the Copenhagen
Academy, winning various honours, and then went
to Italy, where he devoted himself to investiga-
tions at Pompeii and Heroulaneum, and in 1830 he
published a number of outline drawings of the
antique frescoes, and sketches of arabesques, orna-
ments, &c. which had been brought to light in
tlie buried cities. He died at Hamburg, February
27, 1848.

SCHMIDT, WiLLEM Hendeik, painter, was
born at Amsterdam in 1819. At first he combined
the study of art with his father's trade of mattress-
making, but a tour through Germany in 1840 con-
tributed largely to his improvement. In 1842 he
was professor in the Delft Academy. The Museum
at Cologne and the Munich New Pinakothek possess
examples of his art. He died in 1849.

SCHMITHS, Heinrich N., (Schmitz,) engraver,
born at Kaisersworth, near Diisseldorf, in 1758,
His father was a fisherman, but J. L. Krahe took
him up and introduced him to art. He learned
copper engraving in Paris under Wille. He died at
Diisseldorf in 1790. Of his plates we may name :

A group of Children ; after Rubens.

Our Lord and St. John ; after Scarsellirw.

Christ and the Magdalene ; after Baroccio.

SCHMITSON, Tedtwaet, born at Frankfort in
1830, a self-taught artist, was the son of an Austrian
officer. He painted his first large picture in Diis-
seldorf. Thence he went successively to Carls-
ruhe, Berlin, Italy, and Vienna. He was fond of
animals, and often painted them. He etched one
plate, ' The Return of Venus to Paphos.' He died
at Vienna in 1863.

SCHMUTZ, J. Johann Rudolph, a Swiss painter,
born at Regensperg, in the canton of Zurich, in 1670.
He was a scholar of Mathias Puessli, and at first
applied himself to the study of historical painting,
but failing in this he turned his thoughts to por-
traiture, to which his genius was better adapted.
He visited England at a period when Sir Godfrey
Kneller was in the zenith of his reputation, and
imitated his style. He died in London in 1715.

SCHMUTZER, Jakob Matthias, the son of
Andreas Schmutzer, was born at Vienna in 1733.
After learning the rudiments of design in his native
city under Donner, he went to Paris, where he
studied under J. G. Wille. On his return to Vienna
he was appointed director of the Academy estab-
lished by the Empress, Maria Theresa. He died
at Vienna in 1811. Among his plates are the
following :

Mutius Scsevola before Porsenna ; after Rubens.

St. Gregory repulsing Theodosius ; after the same.

Venus rising from the Sea ; after the same.

Neptune and Thetis ; a;fter the same.

Wolf Hunt ; after Syiyders.

Portraits of Prinoa Kaunitz ; after Tocque, Steiner, and

The ^Impress Maria Theresa ; after Du Creux.
(And several other Imperial portraits.)

SCHMUTZER, Johann Adam, the eldest son of
Jakob Matthias Schmutzer, born about 1700 at




Vienna, and died in 1739, was an engraver of little

SCHMQTZER, Joseph and Andreas, brothers
of the foregoing, were natives of Vienna. They
are here included in one article, as they generally
worked jointly on the same plate, signing it Jos.
And. or And. Jos., as one or the other had done
most of it. Andreas died at Vienna in 1741, and
Joseph in 1740. We have, among twenty-five
given by Nagler, the following plates by them ;

The Emperor Charles VI. ; after Mei/tens.
The Empress Elizabeth Christian ; after Auerhach.
Questenberg ; after Seyhold.
Two Views of a Temple ; after G. Galli BiUena.
Three subjects from the History of Declus ; after the
pictures by Rubens in the Liechtenstein Gallery.

SCHMUTZER, Joseph, a painter, born at Vienna
in 1806, was a pupil of the Academy and an ex-
cellent lithographer after the works of the old
Germa.n masters. He died in 1837.

SUHNAPHAN, Abraham, painter, born at Leyden
in 1651, painted portraits and figure subjects in
the style of Mieris, but his works are only to be
seen in the collections of the Anhalt-Dessau family,
to wliich he was painter. He died in 1691.

SGHNATZLER, Johann Uleigh, portrait painter,
was born at Schaffhausen in 1704. He was a
painter of some talent, and also practised sculpture,
but his life was spoilt by intemperance. He died
in 176.3.

SCHNEBBBLIE, Jacob C, born in London in
1760, acquiring some knowledge of drawing under
Paul Sandby, left his business as a confectioner,
and commenced teaching drawing. He was
appoiuted draughtsman to the Society of Anti-
quaries, and made drawings for the ' Gentleman's
Magazine' and 'Morris's Monastic Remains.' He
was chiefly employed on antiquarian and topogra-
phical subjects, which he drew and etched, or
aqua-tinted. He died in London in 1792. His
son, Robert Brbmmel Schnbbbelie, was engaged
in drawing for the ' Gentleman's Magazine ' and
other periodicals. He was found in his room dead,
apparently from want, about 1849.

SCHNEIDER, Johann Kaspar, painter, born at
Mayence in 1753, was a pupil of Heideloff, and
painted altar-pieces, landscapes, and portraits. In
the New Pinakothek at Munich there is a landscape
by him. He died in 1839.

SCHNEIDER, N. N., painter, was born in
Brabant in the first half of the 18th century. In
1758 he was a member of the Pictura Society,
at the Hague, but afterwards migrated thence to
Amsterdam. He painted landscapes with birds
and game.

SCHNELL, Feiedrich, engraver, born at Darm-
stadt in 1790, a pupil of Haldenwang, has left an
engraving of Strassburg Cathedral, after a drawing
by August von Bayer, which displays great care
and attention to detail. He died in 1834.

SCHNELL, Johann, a portrait painter of Basle,
who ^'isited England about 1720, and died at

SCHNELLBOTZ, Gabriel, (Sohnellboltz,
Schnellholtz,) engraver, is said by some to
have been born at Merseburg, by others at Wit-
tenberg, in 1536. It appears that, in addition
to his practice as a designer and engraver, he
carried on the business of a printer and bookseller
at Wittenberg, and published several works there
in 1562 and 1563. The mark S on a perpendicular
arrow is the rebus of his name.


SCHNETZ, Jean Victor, painter, born at Ver-
sailles in 1787, studied under David, Regnault,
Gros, and Gerard, and, in 1810, exhibited his ' Death
of Colbert.' In 1826 he went to Italy, and by his
study there improved greatly in style and colouring,
as may be seen by the pictures he painted about
that time. The 'Battle of Ascalon' was the best
of these. On his return from Italy he painted for
several Parisian churches, among which were Notre
Dame de Lorette and St. Severin. In 1840 he
became director of the French Academy at Rome ;
but from 1847 to 1862 he resided in Paris, but went
to Rome again, returning in 1866 to Paris, and dying
there in 1870. Works :

Conde at the Battle of Senef. (^Versailles.)

Conde at Rocroi. {Do.)

The Battle of Ascalon. (Do.)

Several portraits. {Do.)

Esther and Mordecai. (Arras.)

Funeral in the Roman Catacombs. {Nantes.)

Ceiling of the ' Septieme Salle,' in the Louvre.

SCHNITZER, John, an early engraver on wood,
who flourished about the year 1486. He executed
the cuts for the edition of Ptolemy published at
Ulm in the above year. The Map of the World
is ornamented with ten heads, representing the
winds, rudely cut. It is inscribed, Insculptum est
per Johannem Schnitzer de Arnsheim.

SCHNITZLER, J. Michael, painter, bom at
Neuburg in 1785, the son of a painter, settled at
Augsburg when he was eighteen years old, and
worked at the Academy. He afterwards went to
Stiittgart, Ulm, and Munich, where he worked as a
scene-painter at the theatre. He painted animals in
the style of Hondekoeter. He died at Munich in
1862. Works :

Berlin. Nat. Gallery. Partridges on a Table.
Munich. New Pinakothek. Hawk killing a Dove.

„ „ Three pictures of Dead 'Wild-


SCHNIZER, Joseph von, painter, bom at Wein-
garten, near Ravensburg, in 1792, was the son of
an Austrian Colonel, and studied at the Munich
Academy. In 1812 he was obliged to enter the
army, but after serving through the campaigns of
1813, '14, and '15, he again took to art. He painted
several military pictures for the King of Wurtem-
berg, among which were the 'Storming of Sens'
and the ' Battle of Montereau.' He died at Stutt-
gart in 1870.

Hans) Veit, painter, born at Schneeberg, in the
Erzgebirge, in 1764, was intended for the law, and
studied jurisprudence till he was twenty-five, when

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 123 of 201)