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Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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scenes. He died in 1800.

SCHGTZ, Hbbmaxx, a German engraver and
pupil of Amsler. His most important work was
a well-executed series of sketches after GenelU.
He died at Munich in 1869.

SCHUTZ, Christian Geobg (I), painter, bom at
Florsheim, near Mayence, in 1718, » ent to Fraiikfort


in 1731 to study under Hugo Scl.legel, and also
worked under Appiani. Most of his pictures are
landscapes, of which the figures and animals were
painted in by W. F. Hirt, and afterwards by Pforr.
He died at Frankfurt in 1791.

SCHUTZ, Chbistias Geobg (II), nephew and
pupil of Christian Georg I. , was b jrn at Florsheim
1758, copied first the works of his uncle, but after-
wards devoted himself to painting Rhine scenery
in water-colours. About 1789 he became curator
of the Frankfort Museum, in which cap:icity he
fraudulently sold some pictures ascribed to Holbein,
which the city had afterwards to repurchase. He
died in 1823.

SCHL'TZ, Fbasz, painter, bom at Frankfort in
1761, son and pupil of Christian Georg L He
painted views in Switzerland. A journey to Milan
exercised a very good influence over his \rork. He
was a lover of «Tne, music, and practical jokes, and
died at Sacconay in 1781.

SCHCYLENBURGH, Hejibetck Van, a Dutch
painter, practising about 1647 at Middlebnrg.

SCHVVABEDA, Johaxs Michael, a painter of
landscapes, fruit, and flowers, was bom at Erfurt
in 1734. He began life as a modeller in wax, but
abandoned this for painting. In 1760 he was ap-
pointed court painter at Anspach, where he died in
SCHWALBE, Obest. See Kipbenskt.
SCHWANFELDEB, Charles He.nbt, animal
painter, bom at Leeds in 17 1 3, where he chiefly
practised. He painted animals, landscapes, and
occasionally portraits. He was appointed animal
painter to George III., and afterwards to the
Prince Regent. He dicsd in 1837.

SCHWARTZ, a German engraver, who resided
at Nuremberg about the year 1626. He engraved
portraits and a series of plates for 'Icones Bibliopo-
lamm et Typographomm,' published at Nuremberg
in the year above mentioned.
SCHWARTZ, Jan. See Swabt.
SCHWARTZ, G., a military painter, practising
at Petersburg, was bom at Berlin in 1800, but
entered the service of the Russian court and settled
in Russia in 1830. Several of his battle-pieces are
in the old royal Schloss at Berlin.

SCHWARTZ, Michael, painter, an imitator of
Darer, who flourished at the beginning of the 16th
century, and in 1512 executed an altar-piece for St.
Mary's Church at Dantzic, with scenes from the
life of the Virgin and the Passion uf Christ.

SCHWARTZENBERG, Melchiob, was an en-
graver on wood, who cut some frontispieces for
Feyeraband the bookseller. He worked from
about 1530 to about 1550.

S'JHWAPiZ, Christoph, was bom at Ingolstadt
in 1550, and became the pnpil of Bocksperger, in
Munich. He afterwards en'ered the school of
Titian, and after passing some years at Venice he
returned to Munich, where he was appointed painter
to the court, and where he resided for the remainder
of his life. He painted many pictures for the public
buildings of Munich, and for the Elector. Several
of these have been engraved by Jan Sadeler.
Schwartz died at Mmtich about 1597.
Gallery. A Fine Portnut.

Pinakothek. St. Catherine.

„ St. Jerome before a Cmcifix.

The Madonna Entiironed upon
„ The Artist's Family.






SCHWABZ, Hass, historical and portrait
painter of the 16th century, was bom at Oettingen,
in Saabia. In 1520 he ^vLs at Antwerp, and later
made the acquaintance of Durer, whose portrait
he painted at the bou^e of the Faggeis. In 1540
he married the widow of Hans Leonhard &■:•! iofelin.

SCHWARZ, ILiBTls, living in the last part
of the 15th century, was a natire of Eothenburg.
His pictures are sometimes attributed to Martin
Schongauer. His principal works are : a ' Christ
on the Cross ' in the church of Schwabach, near
Kuremberg ; an altar-picture for the Dominican
church at Bothenburg. where he lived as a
lay member, comprising ' The Angelic Salutation,'
• The Offering of the Three Kings,' 'The Death of
Mary,' 'The Burial of CSirist,' and 'The Virgin ar^d
Child.' These are now dispersed.

SCHWARZ, Paul Wolfgaxg, an engraver, bom
at Nuremberg in 1760. studied at Basle under
Mechel, and became in ITi-y court enoraver to the
Duke of Sacbsen-Oohnrg-Saalfeld. He died in

SCHWARZENBURG. Princess PAtxiSE xoy,
bom September 2, 1774, etched sixteen views of
her estates in Bohemia, published in 1814 and 1815,
and other plates.

SCHWED, B., a painter who flourished in the
16th century at Bamberg, and with Georg Glaser
executed a series of wall paintings in the Carmelite
cloister at Frankfort Copies from them are in the
Stadel Museum.

SCHWEGMAN, Hexdrik, a flower painter and
engraver, was bom at Haarlem in 1761, and studied
under P. van Loo. He engraved and coloured the
prints for a work entitled ' Icones Plantarum rari-
orum'; be also etched several landscapes after E.
van Drielst and others, in the manner of Anthonie
Waterloo. He died at Haarlem in 1>^ 16.

SCHWEICKART, JoHAXx Alam, engraver, bom
at Nuremberg in 1 1 22, studied under Preissler, and
in Italy. He lived eighteen years in Florence,
where he engraved several of the gems in the
collection published by Stosch. On his return to
Germany he produced many plates after the old
masters, and won some reputation by his engravings
from washed dravrings. He died in 1787.

SCHWEICKHAEDT, Heixrich Wilhblm,
painter, was bom at Brandenbuig in 1746. He
studied under Girolamo La [is. and settling in the
Hague, became Director of the Academy. In 1786.
in consequence of the disturbances in Holland, he
came to England, and resided in London for several
years. He painted landscapes and cattle, par-
ticularly frost-pieces, and etched a set of plates of
animals, which he dedicated to Mr. West in 1788.
He died in London in 1797.

SCHWEIZER. JoHASS, was a native of Heidel-
berg, and flourished about the year 1660. He
worked for the booksellers. He engraved the
frontispiece and plates for 'Pamafsus Heidelber-
gensis, omnium illustrissimse hujus academias pro-
feseonira icones exhibens,' some of which are from
his own drawings. Schweizer died in 1679.

SCHWERD6EBURTH, Akaije Chablottb,
sister of Karl Schwerdgeburth the engraver, was
bom at Dresden in 1795, and went early with her
&therto Dessau, where and at Weimar she received
her training in art In 1822 she returned to Dres-
den, and made a name by her copies. She died at
Dresden in 1831.

SCHWERDGEBURTH, Kael August, en-
graver, was bom at Gera in 1785, and became a
pupil of the Dresden Academy. He engraved a

Vol. II. 1 1

few portraits, among them those of the Granl
Duche-s Maria Panlowna, the Grand Duke •_.£
Weimar, and Goethe. He also painted a ' Luther
at the Diet of Worms." He died at Dresden in 1878.

SCHWERDGEBURTH, Ono, son of Karl
Sihwerdgeburili, bom at Weimar in 1835 (1837),
! studied tirst under his father, and then under
Preller. In 18-56 he went to Antwerp, where he
painted in the Town-hall and the church of St.
Nicolas. In 1860 he returned to Weimar, where
he died in l^oo.

S;;HWIND, Mobitz Ludwig. Bittke vox. his-
torical painter, bom at Menna in Ihi-I, attended the
Viennese Academy up to 1819, and worked under
Ludwig Sjhnorr. In 1828 he went to Munich, where
he painted twenty-nine frescoes from Tieck's poems,
in the palace. From 1840-44 he livei in Carlsrube,
and painted a wall picture in the Gal'er^'. Between
1853^55 he painted at the Wartburg a. series of
pictures from the life of St. Elizabeth. In 1859
he designed thirty-four windows for Glasgow
Cathedral Other works by him are an altar-piece
for the Frauenkirche, Munich, frescoes for the
Pfarrkirehe, Munich, the Loggia decoration, the
Viennese Opera House, 'The Symplioriy,' a quad-
ruple picture in the Munich New PinakotLek.
S-liwind .lied at Munich in 1871.

SCHY^NDAL, (or Schesdel,) Bbbnard, bom
at Haerlem in 1634, was a scholar of Hendrik
Mommers. He painted assemblies of peasants
merry-making, in the style of J. M. Molenaer. He
treated those s ibjects with considerable humour,
and his pictures are ingeniously composed. He
died in 1693.

SOHrNVOET, Jakob, a Dutch engraver, who
resided in London about the year lii>j. He en-
graved some bird"s-eye views of country houses,
from his own designs, in a style resembling that
of John Kip. He is supposed to have worked as
late as 1727.

SCIACCA, Toiouso, a Sicilian artist, a native of
Mazzara, bom about 1734. He worked at Rome
with the Cavalucci, and painted some large
compositions for churches at Bovigo.

SCIAMERONI, Lo. See Fuei.vi, Filifpo.

S' lAMINOSSI. Raphael. See S amkossi.

SCIARPELLONI, Lobeszo. See Ceedi ti.

SCILLA, (or Silla,) Acosxiyo, bom at Messina
in 1639, was a scholar of Antonio Ricci, called II
Barbalonga. Suoh was the promise he evinced,
that Barbalunga prevailed on the senate to settle a
pension on him, to enable him to pursue his studies
at Rome, where he frequented the school of Andrea
Sacchi. After a residence of four jears at Borne,
he returned to Messina, and established anacaderay,
which was much frequented until the political
troubles of 1674 obliged him to fly to Rome. He
excelled in painting the heads of old men ; while
the landscapes and animals in his pictures are very
true to nature. He died at B-jine in 1700. In
some of bis works he was assLstod by his brother
Giiicinto, a good artist, who lived till about 1711.
Agostino had a son, Satebio, who was also a


S'JIORINI, (or Della Siivrina.) Lorrxzo, an
Italian painter of the 16th century, a native of
Florence, was a pupil of Brcnzino. He was one
of the artists employed to decorate Michelangelo's

at Nancy in 18.30, was a pupil of Couture. Be-
tween 1857 and 1865 he exhibited portraits and





genre pictures at the Salon. He died in 1870 in

SCOENERE, Jan, (or db Sooeneee,) a Flemish
painter of the 15th century, who had an atelier for
pupils at Ghent. He is thought to have been a
pupil of the Van Eycks. In 1443 he painted an
altar-piece in collaboration with Baldwin van

SCOENERE, Jan, (or de Scoenere,) the younger,
painted at Ghent in the 16th century, working
chiefly for the municipality. There were various
other artists of this name practising at Ghent and
Bruges in tlie 15th century. Eor a curious docu-
ment relating to one Saladin de Scoenere, see
' Peintres Gantois,' by M. Ed. de Busscher.

SCOLARI, Giuseppe, was a native of Vicenza,
and flourished about the year 1580. He was a
disciple of Giovanni Battista Maganza. He painted
history both in oil and in fresco ; and there are
many of his works in the churches of Vicenza,
Verona, and Venice. According to Papillon, he
executed several wood-cuts, among them the
following :

The Entombment.

The Dead Christ, with the Virgin Mary.

St. Jerome holding a Crucifix.

The Rape of Proserpine.

SCOPPA, Orazio, an Italian engraver, who
flourished at Naples about the year 1642, and was
probably a goldsmith. He engraved a set of fifteen
designs for chalices, crosiers, and other ecclesi-
astical ornaments.

SCOPULA, Giovanni Maria, an Italian painter
of the 13th centnry, a native of Irunto. His only
recorded work is a triptych in the Campana Col-
lection, in the Louvre, the three subjects being,
, ' The Annunciation,' ' The Visitation,' and ' The Na-
tivity.' It bears the following inscription : Joanes
Maria Scapula de Irunto pirucit in Otranto.

SCORE, W., portrait painter, a native of Devon-
shire, pupil and drapery painter to Sir Joshua
Reynolds, who exhibited portraits at the Academy
from 1781 to 1794.

SCORODOMOFF, Gabriel, (ScROUDOMorr,) a
draughtsman and engraver, was bom at St. Peters-
burg about 1748, but came to England when young
and studied under Bartolozzi, whose manner he
imitated. It is said that he was the first Russian
to obtain a reputation as an engraver. He lived
in London from 1775 to 1782, and engraved
after Reynolds, West, Hamilton, and Angelica
Kaufliman, also a portrait of Mrs. De Louther-
bourg from his own design. He engraved a por-
trait of the Empress Catherine II., after F. Rocotoff,
probably after his return to St. Petersburg, where
he died in 1792.

SCORZA, Sinibaldo, born at Voltaggio, near
Genoa, in 1589, was a scholar of Giovanni Battista
Paggi. lie painted landscapes, with well-com-
posed groups of figures and animals, and copied
with the pen some of Albrecht Diirer's prints. He
died in 1631.

SCORZINI, Pietro, an Italian painter of the
18th century, who studied at Bologna, and practised
as a scene painter at Lucca.

SCOTIN, Gerard, the elder, a French engraver,
born at Gonesse, near Paris, in 1642. He was a
pupil of Frangois Poilly, the elder, whose style he
imitated. Among his prints we may name :

The Marriage of St. Catherine ; after Ale$s. Veronese.
The Communion of the Magdalene ; after Domenichino.
The Circumcision : after P. Mignard.

The Baptism of Christ ; after the same.

The Presentation in the Temple ; after G. Le Brun.

The Country Life ; after Dom. Feti.

He died in 1715.

SCOTIN, Jean Baptiste, said to be the son of
the elder Gerard, flourished in Paris in the first
half of the 18th century. He engraved after H.
Rigaud. Boucher, Watteau, Lancret, Pater, and
other French painters. Some of his prints are
dated as early as 1710.

SCOTIN, Lonis Gerard, the younger, the nephew
of G6rard Scotin, was bom in Paris in 1690, and
taught by his uncle. He came to London about
1733, to help in the plates for a translation of
Picart's ' Religious Ceremonies.' In 1745 he en-
graved two of the six plates of the ' Marriage a la
Mode,' for Hogarth, and several plates after Frank
Hayman. We have also by him :

The Birth of Adonis ; after Boucher.
Belisarius ; after Vaindyek,
And a few more.

SCOTNIKOFF, Bgor (Georq), an engraver, who
flourished at the end of the 18th century, was a
pupil and member of the St. Petersburg Academy,
where he studied under Klauber. He engraved a
' Christ on the Cross," after Lebrun.

SCOTT, David, a Scottish historical painter, bom
at Edinburgh in 1806, son of the engraver Robert
Scott, first drew and engraved a series of designs,
after Stothard, for Thomson's ' Scottish Melodies,'
and then commenced painting. He produced in
1828, 'The Hopes of Early Genius dispelled by
Death.' He became an Associate of the Scotch
Academy in 1830. In 1832 he went to Italy, and
on return was elected a Scottish Academician. He
sent pictures to the Westminster Hall competitions
of 1842 and 1844, but without success, a failure
that caused him deep disappointment. He died in
1849. David Scott's imagination was active and
poetic, but scarcely of the kind that finds its right
vehicle in paint. He was a good colourist, and an
expressive rather than correct draughtsman. The
following list comprises his best works.

Ariel and Caliban. (Scot. Nat. Gallery^

A Vintager. (Co.)

Paracelsus lecturing.

Peter the Hermit.

Vasco de Gama meeting the Spirit of the Cape. (Trinity

House, Leith.)
Orestes and the Furies.
The Dead Kising.
Achilles Mourning Patroclus.

He also published several series of designs in
outline :
' Monograms of Man.' 1831.
' The Ancient Mariner.' 1837.
Illustrations to the ' Architecture of the Heavens,' by

Prof. Nichols. 1848.
Illustrations to the ' Pilgrim's Progress,' published after

his death.

Mr. W. B. Scott published a memoir of ^is
brother, David Scott, in 1850.

SCOTT, Edmund, engraver, born in London about
1746, was a pupil of Bartolozzi. He engraved a.
portrait of the Prince of Wales, by himself, and
several subjects after Morland, Stothard, and Ram-
berg. He died about 1810.

SCOTT, John, an eminent engraver of animals,
particularly of horses and dogs, was born at New-
castle in 1774, where he served his apprenticeship
to a tallow-chandler. At the expiration of his time,
he engraved a, series of profile portraits for Angus's
•French Revolution,' and then came to London,




where liis friend Pollard, a Newcastle man, gave
liira lessons in drawing and engraving. Scott's
name is to be found in the publications of Tresham
and Ottley, in Britten's 'Cathedral Antiquities,'
Westall's 'Illustrations of the Book of Common
Prayer,' &c. ; but it is in the 'Sportsman's Cabinet,'
'Daniel's Rural Sports,' and a 'Series of Horses
and DOgs,' that he excels, as an engraver of
animals, all the Englishmen who had preceded
him. Some of his detached pieces are of great ex-
cellence, particularly ' Breaking Cover,' ufter Philip
Reinagle ; ' The Death of the Fox,' after Sawrey
Gilpin; 'Warwick, a Famous Racer,' after Abraham
Cooper ; and a few landscapes, after Weenix,
Gainsborough, Callcott, and others. He died at
Chelsea in 1828.

SCOTT, John Henderson, water-colour painter,
the son of William Henry Scott, born February 10,
1829, practised at Brighton, where he had a great
local reputation as a teacher, and was an active
member of the Brighton Fine Arts' Society. He
was an occasional exhibitor at the London Water-
Colour Galleries, and at the chief provincial exhibi-
itions, but reserved his work more especially for the
Brighton Picture Gallery. He painted views of
Sussex scenery, views in Normandy, &c. He died
at Brighton, December 6, 1886.

SCOTT, Mabia, the sister of William Henry
Scott, was a water-colour painter, who practised
at Brighton. She became a member of the Water-
Colour Society in 1823, and was an industrious
exhibitor of fruit and flower pieces, both under her
maiden name, and after her marriage in 1830, as
Mrs. Brooksbank.

SCOTT, RoBEKT, the best Scottish engraver of
his time, was born on the 13th November, 1771, at
Lanark. He was educated there and at Mussel-
burgh, and apprenticed to Alexander Robertson,
a landscape engraver in Edinburgh, in 1787, when
he also entered the Trustees' Academy. His first
successful engravings were twelve views round
Edinburgh. He afterwards, for twenty years, exe-
cuted the monthly prints of new houses, country
seats, &c., for the 'Scots' Magazine,' and many
plates for Dr. Anderson's ' Bee,' Barry's ' History of
Orkney,' 'Scenery of the Gentle Shepherd,' Burns,
&c. &c. He died in January, 1841. Many of his
apprentices became distinguished, among them
John Burnett, James Stewart, John Horsburgh;
also William Douglas, miniature painter, and
Thomas Brown, the writer on Natural History.
Robert Scott was the father of David Scott, R.S.A.,
and Mr. W. B. Scott.

SCOTT, Samuel, an eminent English painter of
views and sea-pieces, was born early in the 18th
century, in London, and there practised from about
1725 to his death. He was the friend of Hogarth,
and formed one in the famous water-party to
Gravesend in 1732. His sea-pieces, chiefly in oil,
were very popular, and he was one of the earliest
aquarellists. In his topographical views he fre-
quently introduced groups of well-drawn figures.
His ' View of the Tower of London on the King's
Birthday ' was exhibited at the Royal Academy in
1771, and some of his works appeared at the Spring
Gardens Rooms. After a long and prosperous
career in London, he retired to Bath, where he died
of gout, in October, 1772. There is a good portrait
of him by Hudson in the National Gallery, where
there are also two of his own works : ' Old London
Bridge ' and ' Old Westminster Bridge.'

SCOTT, William Henry Stothard, water-colour

I I 2

painter, born March 7, 1783, was a member of the
old Water-Colour Society, and a constant exhibitor
in its galleries for many years. He practised at
Brighton, and most of his works are subjects from
Sussex rural scenery. He died December 27, 1860.

SCOTTO, Felice, flourished at the end of the
15th century. He painted many pictures at Como
for private individuals, and at S. Croce a series of
frescoes from the life of S. Bernardo.

SCOTTO, (or ScoT'j'i,) Fhanoesoo, an Italian en-
graver, was born at Venice about 1760. ilia fac
similes of original drawings by Raphael, with others
by Rosaspina, were published by the Abbate Celotti
under the title ' Desegni originali di Raffaello per
la prima volta publicata, esistenti nella Imp. Ac-
cademia di Belle Arti di Venezia,' 1829, folio. F.
Scotto also engraved Leonardo da Vinci's (?) so-
called ' Modesty and Vanity.'

SCOTTO, (or Scotti,) Girolamo, born in 1780,
was educated in the school of Longhi, at Milan.
He was one of the best pupils of that master. The
following are among his best plates :

The Madonna di San Sisto ; after Raphael.

The Madonna di Foligno ; after the same.

Mater pulchrse dilectionis ; after a picture discovered at

Genoa in 1823, and ascribed to Raphael.
The Terranuova Madonna ; after Raphael.
The Magdalen at the feet of Christ ; after P. Veronese.
Children healed by the garments of St. Philip ; after A.

del iSarto.

SCOTTO, Steeano, a Milanese painter, who
flourished at the latter part of the 15th and com-
mencement of the 16th centuries. He was an
admirable painter of grotteschi, and had the honour
of being the master of Gaudenzio Ferrari ; he is
also believed to have been the real master of Luini.

SCOUGALL, Geoeqb, a Scotch painter, of the
end of the 17th and beginning of the 18th centuries.
He is said to have been the son of John Soougall,
and practised portrait painting, imitating the man-
ner of Lely. Many portraits attributed to the elder
Scougall are so inferior in artistic merit to the work
of that painter, and so evidently produced under
the influence of' Lely, as to make it all but certain
they are by the younger painter.

SCOUGALL, John, a Scotch painter of the middle
of the 17th century, is supposed to have been a native
of Leith. Much obscurity exists as to his history.
Tradition states him to have been a favourite of
James VI., who is said to have rewarded him with
a ring for a portrait he painted of Prince Henry,
but existing portraits by him are dated so late in
the 17th century as to throw much doubt on this
story. Such are the portrait of Sir Archibald
Primrose, Lord Clerk Register, dated 1670 (be-
longing to Lord Rosebery), and two portraits of
the ancestors of the Clerk family, dated 1674 (at
Penicuik House). In the Scottish National Gallery
there is a portrait of John Scougall, painted by
himself, holding a ring in his hand, in supposed
allusion to the above-mentioned legend.

SCOULER, Jambs, miniature painter, was a
member of the Free Society in 1763, having
previously exhibited with the Society of Artists.
He is said to have gained a premium from the
Society of Arts when only fourteen, in 1755. He
exhibited constantly at the Royal Academy, from
its foundation till 1787, sending chiefly miniatures,
but occasionally crayon drawings.

SCRETA, Karl, (Count Ssotnowskt von Za-
woRzic,) painter, was born of a noble family at
Prague in 1604. For several years he lived and





worked at Venice, Bologna, and Florence ; in 1634
he accompanied his friend, Wilhelm Bauer, to Rome.
By his talents and application he obtained a high
reputation in Italy, and was even appointed pro-
fessor in the Academy at Bologna. On his return
to liis native country he became a member of the
Academy at Prague, and, in 1652, principal of that
institution. Many of his works have been engraved.
In the Dresden Gallery there are ten of his pictures.
Many of his subjects are taken from sacred history,
and the legends of the Saints ; of the latter he de-
lighted to paint fanciful portraits. It is recorded
that he painted his own portrait as St. Giles, in the
church of St. Martin, and again as St. Luke painting
the Virgin, in the Thein-kirche, both at Prague. He
engraved a curious plate, in two sheets, which was
published with the title ' Philosophia Universa in
Universitati Pragensi ; ' it is signed Gar. Secreta
fee. 1666. He died at Prague in 1674.

SCRIVEN, Edward, engraver in the chalk and
dotted manner, born at Alcester, near Stratford-on-
Avon, in 1775, was a pupil of Robert Thew. His
work is to be seen in ' Specimens of ancient Sculp-
ture,' published by the society of Dilettanti, in
Dibdin's 'Aedes Althorpianae ;' in Tresham's
' Gallery of Pictures,' and other publications of the
same class. He engraved Benjamin West's studies
for the heads in his ' Christ JRejected ' ; many de-

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 126 of 201)