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Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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tached plates for Boydell and other publishers,
after English artists ; and a series of portraits,
chiefly after Peter Lely, of the heroines of 'Gram-
mont's Memoirs.' He died in 1841.

SCROPE, William, (of Castle Coombe,) an ama-
teur painter, born 1772. He published several books
illustrated by his own pencil, among which we may
mention, 'The Landscape Scenery of Scotland,'
' Days and Nights of Salmon Fishing,' and ' Days
of Deer-stalking.' He occasionally exhibited at
the Royal Academy, and also at the British Institu-
tion, of which he was one of the directors. He
died on the 20th of July, 1852.

SCROTS, WiLLEM, a Flemish portrait painter
of the 16th century, was appointed painter to Queen
Mary of Hungary in 1637. He is said to have
painted portraits of the Empress Elizabeth, mother
of Mary of Hungary, and of Charles V. and his
Empress, but these have disappeared.

SCROUDOMOPF. See Scokodomoff.

SCULPTORE, Adamo, (Ghisx ?) was born at
Mantua in 1530, and is supposed to have been the
son of Gio. Bat. Soulptore. He was a draughtsman
and engraver, forming himself on Michelangelo
and Giulio Romano. The dates on his plates range
from 1566 to 1577, but he seems to have begun
engraving long before the former year ; and if the
title-page to his series of plates after Michelangelo's
frescoes in the Sistine Chapel be really by himself,
he must have lived longer than is usually supposed,
for it is dated 1585. He signed his plates with a
monogram composed of an S. otj the bar of an A.
Of some 130 prints ascribed to him, the best,
perhaps, are :

A Holy Family with Saints ; after Giulio Romano.
A Pieta ; after Michelan(jelo.

SCULPTORE, Diana, (Ghisi ?) was born at
Mantua about 1535, and is believed to have been a
daughter of Gio. Bat. Soulptore. The dates on
her sixty plates range from 1581 to 1588. About
1579 she married the architect and sculptor, Fran-
cesco Ricciarelli, of Volterra, after which she occa-
sionally added his name to hers in her signatures.
In a few instances she signed her work with the


single word Diana, sometimes with a monogram
composed of a D. with an S. inside it, followed with
the word incidebat or Mantuana. She engraved
after Raphael, Zucoari, Paris Nogari, and especially
Giulio Romano. Her best plates are :

The Martyrdom of St. Catherine.

The Feast of Psyche ; after Giulio Romano.

The "Woman taken in Adultery ; after the same.

The Birth of John the Baptist ; after the same.

The Birth of Apollo and Diana ; after the same.

The Corpse of Patroclus carried oil the Field ; after the

Christ's charge to Peter ; after Raphael.

SCULPTORE, Giovanni Battista, (Ghisi?)
called Mantovano and Bektano, was bom at
Mantua in 1503. He was architect, painter, and
engraver, and a disciple of Giulio Romano and
Marc' Antonio. After the death of the former he
became architect-in-chief to the Duke of Mantua.
He is said to have designed altar-pieces for Man-
tuan churches, which were actually painted by
Brusasorci, Guisoni, and Ippolito Costa. He en-
graved about twenty plates, the dates on which
range from 1536 to 1540. In technique they are dry,
deficient in half-tones, but good in drawing. He
used to be considered the head of the Ghisi family,
but later researches have gone far to prove that his
name was really Soulptore, Scultore, or De' Scul-
tori, and that the word ' Sculptor,' which occasion-
ally follows his usual signature of /. B., or Z. 6.,
Mantuanus, was not a mark of condition, but a
Latinized form of his name. His best plates are
' A Sally of the Trojans against the Greeks,' and
' Hercules and Antseus,' ' David beheading Goliath '
(1540), and ' Mars and Venus ' (1539), aU after G.
Romano. He died at Mantua in 1575.

SEATON, John Thomas, portrait painter, was
the son of Christopher Seaton, the gem engraver.
He was a member of the Incorporated Society of
Artists, and exhibited at the Academy between
1761 and 1777. About three years later he was
practising with much success in Edinburgh, and
was still living in 1806.

SEBASTIANI, Lazzaeo, painter, flourished at
Venice in the 15th century. He was a pupil of
Alvise Vivarini. Nothing is known as to the dates
of his birth or death. He is supposed to have been
a native of Padua, but settled in Venice as early as
1470. In the Academy of Venice there are eight
scenes from the history of St. Ursula, and a ' Pre-
sentation in the Temple,' by him, and in the Scuola
di S. Giorgio degli Schiavoni, two series of scenes
from the histories of St. George and St. Jerome.
At Murano, in S. Donate, there is a Madonna with
Saints, and in S. Antonio at Venice, a Pieta. His
' Coronation of the Virgin,' in the Bergamo Gallery,
is dated 1490.


SEBILLE, Gtsbert, a Dutch painter, of whom
little is known, except that he lived in the middle
of the 17th century. He painted the ' Judgment of
Solomon ' for the Town-house of Weesp, of which
place he was a burgomaster. There is also an
' Assembly of the Magistrates in 1652 ' by him in
that building.

SlllBRON, HiPPOLTTE, painter, born at Caudebec
in 1801, was a pupil of Daguerre. He began his
career by painting dioramas. Later he devoted
himself to easel pictures, and painted chiefly church
interiors, ruins, public buildings, &c., and occasional
portraits. He was a constant exhibitor at the Salon
from 1831 to the year of his death, which took
place in 1879.




SECANO, Geronimo, a Spanish painter, born at
Saragossa in 1638. After learning the rudiments
in his native city, he visited Madrid, where he
studied tlie great masters in tlie royal collection,
and returned to Saragossa an able artist. Palomino
praises his frescoes and oil pictures in the church
of S. Pablo. For thelast twenty years of his life
he practised as a sculptor as well as painter. He
had many pupils. He died in 1710.

SECCANTE, Sebastiano, was a native of Udine,
and flourished at the beginning of the 16th century.
He was a disciple of Poniponio Araalteo, and was
a respectable painter of history and portraits. In
the church of S. Giorgio, at Udine, there is a ' Christ
bearing His Cross,' with angels holding the instru-
ments of the Passion, by Seccante. He married
the daughter of Pomponio Amalteo.

SECCHI, Giovanni Batpista, an Itahan painter
of the 17th century. He was called II Caeavaggio
and Cakavaggino from the place of his birth, and
practised about 1619. Lanzi states him to have
painted an ' Epiphany ' for S. Pietro in Gessato.

SEOCHIARI, GinLio, painter, was a native of
Modena, but was educated at Bologna, in the school
of the Carracoi. He afterwards visited Rome and
Mantua, where he painted several pictures, which
were destroyed or carried away at the sacking of
that city, in 1630. There are some of his works
in the churches at Modena. He died in 1631.

SBCHAN, PoLYCABPB Charles, born in Paris in
1803, was a scene painter of much repute, and in
this capacity was engaged at the Grande Opdra,
where he painted the scenery for a great number
of pieces. He was similarly employed at the
Thefttre Frangais, the Th^lttre de I'Ambigu, and
the Porte St. Martin, and had a large practice as a
restorer and decorator of theatre interiors, both in
Paris and the provinces. He painted in the Dres-
den theatre, was charged with the decoration and
furnishing of the Dolma-Baghtche Palace, Constan-
tinople ; and decorated the Thditre de la Monnaie,
Brussels. Outside his theatrical emploj'ment his
best known works in Paris were the restoration of
the Galerie dApollon in the Louvre, and the trans-
formation of the Pantheon into the church of St.
Genevieve. He died in Paris, September 14,

SEDDON, Thomas, landscape painter, the son of
an eminent cabinet-maker, was born in London in
1821. He went in 1841 to Paris to study, and on
his return designed for his father. In 1850 he
took an important part in founding the North
London School of Drawing and Modelling in Cam-
den Town, where for some time he constantly
taught. In 1851 he began to paint, and in 1852
he exhibited his first work, 'Penelope.' He after-
wards turned to landscape. In 1853 and 1864 he
travelled with Mr. Holman Hunt in the East, and
setting out again two years later, he was taken ill
at Cairo, where he died in 1856. His friends pur-
chased and presented to the National Gallery his
' Jerusalem and the Valley of Jehoshaphat.'

SEDELMAYER, Jeremias Jakob, was born in
1704, at Augsburg. He engraved some views of
the Imperial Library at Vienna from his own de-
signs, which were published in 1737. Also five
plates from Gran's ceiling pictures in the same
building. He died at Augsburg in 1761. Among
his other plates we may name :

Portrait of Wolff ; after Roi/.
St. Rosalie and St. Theresa.
Four Allegories ; after Solimena.

SEDELMEYR, Johann Anton, a German painter
and lithographer, born at Munich in 1797, studied
in that city under Kobell and Georg von Dillis.
He was a pleasing landscape painter, and litho-
graphed a number of pictures in the Munich and
Sohleissheim Galleries.

SEDGWICK, Willi AM, engraver, born in London
in 1748, engraved under the influence of Bartolozzi
after Angelica Kauffman, Penny, and others. He
died about 1800.

SEEKATZ, Johann Konrad, born at Griinstadt,
in the Palatinate, in 1719, painted military scenes,
scenes of peasant life, and landscapes with figures
in the style of Brouwer. ' Girl with a Candle,' a
' Boy with a Chopping-block,' and a ' Boy with
Dog,' are in the Staedel Museum, Frankfort. He
died at Darmstadt in 1768.

SBELB, Johann Baptist, painter and etcher,
born at Morsburg in 1776, was appointed court
painter and director of the King's Gallery at Stiitt-
gart in 1804. He painted the exploits of the
Wiirtemberg troops in the years 1806 and 1809 in
a series of pictures now in the Palace. He died
in 1814.

SEELINGER, Alfred, historical painter, a native
of Bavaria, who painted a well-known picture, called
' Spartacus, Gladiator.' He died at Rio de Janeiro
in 1873.

SEEMAN, Enoch, (Zeeman,) portrait painter,
born in 1694, was the son of Isaac Seem an, a por-
trait painter of Dantzio, by whom he was brought
to England. Here he painted many portraits, some
of which have been engraved, and here he died
in 1744. Enoch had a brother IsAAC, who died in
1751, and a son Paul, both of whom were portrait

SEGALA, Giovanni, born at Venice in 1663,
was a scholar of Antonio Zanchi. A ' Conception,'
by him, painted for the Scuola della Carita, Venice,
is praised by Lanzi. He died in 1720.

SEGAR, Francis and William, two English
portrait painters, brothers, who were practising in
London in the 16th century, are mentioned by
Meres in his ' Wits' Commonwealth,' published 1698.

SEGARRA, Jayme, a Spanish painter, who,
in the year 1530, painted an altar-piece for Notre
Dame de Belen, at Reus.

SEGHEfi, Anne, miniature painter, was the
daughter of a physician at Breda, and practised in
the 16th century.


SEGHIZZI, Andrea, a decorative painter, born
at Bologna in 1630, was a. pupil of Albani, and
painted in Ravenna, Modena, Parma, and Bologna.

flourished at the beginning of the 14th centurj' at
Siena, was a pupil of Ducoio di Buoninsegna. His
chief works are a ' Majesta,' in the church of Cas-
tiglione Florentine at Arezzo, ' Christ on the Cross,'
in the Abbey of S. Fiore, a ' Virgin with Saints,'
in the Academy of Siena, and ' Christ on the Cross
with the Virgin and St. John,' in the National Gallery
in London.

SEGOVIA, Juan de, a Spanish marine painter,
who resided at Madrid in the middle of the 17th

SEGUIER, John, younger brother of William
Seguier, born in London in 1786, studied at the
Academy Schools, and painted views, among which
are two of Oxford Market, and one of Kew Bridge.
He succeeded his brother as superintendent of the
British Institution, and died in London in 1866.





SEGUIER, William, born in London in 1771,
was the son of David Seguier, a well-known picture-
dealer of the last century. He studied under George
Morland, and painted views in and around the
metropolis. He was appointed keeper of the
royal pictures, and of the National Gallery on its
foundation in 1824. He was also superintendent
of the British Institution, and was an active ' re-
storer' of pictures. He died at Brighton in

SEGURA, Antonio de, a painter and architect
employed by Philip II. in 1580 to paint an altar-
piece for the monastery of S. Yuste, and to copy
Titian's ' Apotheosis of Charles V.' He died at
Madrid in 1605.

SEGUVIRA, DoMENico Antonio de, a Portu-
guese painter of the 19th century. In his youth
he showed such capacity for art, that a Portuguese
minister sent him to Rome to study. In 1810 he
returned to his native country, and practised there
with success.

SEIBELS, Kael, landscape painter, was a pupil
at the Diisseldorf Academy and of Achenbach.
He painted scenes in Holland and Italy. He died
at Naples in 1877.

SEIBOLD, Christian, bom at Mayence in 1697
(1703), painted portraits somewhat in the style of
Denner. In 1749 he became painter to the Empress
Maria Theresa. The Dresden Gallery has iive of
his portraits, including one of himself. He died at
Vienna in 1768.

SEIDL, Andreas, painter and engraver, born at
Munich in 1760. In 1781 the Elector sent him to
Italy, where he gained a prize at the Academy of
St. Luke in Rome, and became a Member of the
Academies of Bologna and Parma. In 1787, on
his return, he became Court-painter and Professor
at the Munich Academy. He etched a few plates,
chiefly ' Academies.' He died in 1834.

SE IDLER, Caeolink Louise, born at Jena in
1786, was instructed by Roux, and by Goethe,
whose portrait she painted. From 1818 to 1823
she studied in Italy, where she copied Raphael and
Perugino. In 1823 she became teacher to the Prin-
cesses Maria and Augusta, at Weimar, and in 1824
curator of the Weimar Gallery. She painted
portraits in oil and crayons, as well as religious,
mythological, and romantic scenes. She died at
Weimar in 1866.

SEILLER, JoHANN Georg, of SchafEhausen, a
mezzotint engraver, flourished about 1700. His
plates are mostly portraits, and are good for their
date. Among the best are :

Portrait of the Emperor Joseph I.

Do. J. H. Heidegger.

Do. the Empress Eleonora.

Do. the engraver Bartholomaus Kilian.

A Monk attempting to kiss a Girl.

His plates are inscribed J. G. Seiller, fecit, or J.
Georg Seiller fecit et ex., and sometimes Joli. Georg
Seiller sca/fusiatuis fecit.

SEINSHELM, August Karl, Graf von, painter
lithographer, and etclier, born at Munich in 1789*
began etching about 1809. While studying law at
Landshut he learnt oil painting from Simon Klotz
From 1813 to 1816 he frequented the Munich
Academy, where he studied under the Langers.
In 1816 he went to Italy, and joined the so-called
' Nazarenes.' On his return to Munich he painted
a 'Virgm and Child,' for the church at Griinbach
a 'Charge to Peter," for the church at Vohburg,
and other altar-pieces. He died at Munich in


1869. He etched ten plates, of which we may
name :

An Old 'Woman Beading.

A Young 'Woman with a Child.

A Madonna with the Cliild Jesus.

A Man's Head.

A Eoman Mother.

SBISENEGGBR, Jakob, bom in Austria in 1505,
painted the portrait of the Emperor Charles V.,
and became in 1531 court-painter to the Grand
Duke Ferdinand. He died at Linz in 1567.

SELB, Joseph, born at Stockach in the Tyrol, in
1784, was first instructed by his brother Karl, also
a painter, and then went in 1799 to Diisseldorf.
He afterwards worked in Munich, and gained a
name by his lithographs after Vemet. In 1816 he
founded a Lithographic Institute. In 1820 he as-
sociated himself with von Mannlioh in carrying on
Strixner's 'Munich Gallery.' He died at Munich
in 1832.

SELIGMANN, Johann Michael, engraver, born
at Nuremberg in 1720, was instructed by the
Preisslers. He visited Rome and Petersburg, and
on his return he engraved many plates for botanical
and anatomical books. He died in 1762.

SELL, Christian, historical painter, was bom at
Altona in 1831. He studied at the Diisseldorf
Academy from 1861 to 1856, and formed a close
intimacy with Th. Hildebrand and W. Schadow.
He further improved himself by travels in Germany
and Belgium, and accompanied the Prussian army
in the campaign against Austria in 1866, and in the
French war in 1870. His favourite subjects were
battles and military scenes, taken sometimes from
German history, sometimes from modern warfare.
He died at Diisseldorf in 1883. In the Berlin
Gallery there is a ' Scene after Koniggratz ' by him.

SELLENY, Joseph, born at Meidling, near
■V^ienna, in 1824. He studied at the Vienna Aca-
demy and under Ender and Steinfield, with the
former of whom he travelled in the Tyrol and Italy.
In 1857-59 he travelled with the Crown Prince of
Austria, the present Emperor, to North Africa, the
Canary and Cape Verde Islands, and the Brazils.
He died insane in 1875.

SELLET, James, born in 1764, was an EngUsh
portrait, fruit, flower, and genre painter. He died
at Norwich in 1840.

SELLIER, Charles FBANgois, painter, was born
at Nancy, December 25, 1830. He was a pupil
of Leborne and of L6on Cogniet, and in 1857 gained
the ' Prix de Rome.' He subsequently became
keeper of the Museum of Nancy, where he died
November 23, 1882. He executed the paintings
for the chapel of St. Denis, in the church of St.
Bernard, Nancy, and the following works by him
are in the Mustum :

The Penitent Magdalen.
The Death of Leander.
The Levite of Ephraim.

A Kitchen Interior.
Study of a Head.
An Italian Souvenir.

SELMA, Fernando, a Spanish engraver, was
born at Valencia about 1750. He studied in
Madrid and Paris. He is among the best of the
Spanish engravers. His later manner resembles
more that of Edelinck than of his master, Car-
mona. He engraved the portraits of Cortes and
Solis, prefixed to the quarto edition of ' Historia de
la Conquista de Mexico,' published at Madrid in
1783, and afterwards engraved the plates for the
'Maritime Atlas of Spain,' which occupied him
several years. He also engraved portraits of
Charles V., after Titian, of Magellan the navigator,




and various others. One of his best plates is the
Spasimo of Raphael. We may also name ;

La Madonna del Pesce ; after Baffaelle.

The Virgin and Child ; also after Raffaelle.
Selma died in 1810.

SEMENTI, GlACOMO, (Sbmbnza,) painter, was
born at Bologna in 1580, and was a fellow-student
with Francesco Gessi, under Denys Galvaert and
Guido Reni. He was a clever follower of the style
of Guido, and painted pictures for the churches at
Bologna., Such are a ' Martyrdom of St. Ceciha,'
in the church of St. Elena ; a ' Marriage of St.
Catharine,' in S. Francesco ; a ' St. Sebastian,' in S.
Michele ; and a ' Crucifixion,' in S. Gregorio. A
'Martyrdom of St. Eugenia' is in the Bologna
Gallery. Sementi visited Rome, where he painted
frescoes in S. Carlo a Catinari, and in the ' Ara
Coeli.' He died at Rome in the prime of life.

SEMINI, Andbba, the elder son of Antonio
Semini, born at Genoa in 1510, was first instructed
by his father, but afterwards studied under Perino
del Vaga, who had taken refuge at Genoa in 1528,
after the sacking of Rome. By the advice of Perino
he visited Rome. After a residence of eight years
in that capital he returned to Genoa, where he
painted pictures for the churches and public edifices,
among the best a 'Nativity,' in S. Francesco ; and
an ' Adoration of the Magi,' in La Nunziata. He
worked for a time at Milan in conjunction with his
brother Oltavio. He died in 1578.

SEMINI, Antonio, painter, was born at Genoa
in 1485, and was a disciple of Lodovico Brea. He
afterwards studied Perugino, and imitated his style.
His principal picture is. the ' Martyrdom of St.
Andrew,' in S. Ambrogio, at Genoa. There is also
a ' Cleopatra ' b3' him in the Pallavicini Palace
there. He died in 1545.

SBMINI, Giano Cesaeb, a Genoese, who painted
a ' Crucifixion ' for the church of S. Bartolome de
Sonsoles, at Toledo. He was also employed by
Philip HI. in the Palace of the Pardo.

SEMINI, Ottavio, the younger son of Antonio
Semini, born at Genoa in 1520, was, when very
young, placed under the tuition of Perino del Vaga,
with whom his elder brother Andrea was a student.
Possessed of a more lively genius than Andrea, he
was soon sufSciently advanced to proceed to Rome,
for the completion of his studies. He returned
with his brother to Genoa, and, in conjunction with
him, executed several considerable works. He
decorated the fapade of the Palazzo Doria with
statues and architectural ornaments, and painted
some frescoes in the interior. He was invited to
Milan, where he passed the latter part of his life.
In the church of S. Angelo he painted several
subjects in the chapel of S. Girolamo ; the best a
Funeral of that Saint. Ottavio Semini died at
Milan in 1604.

SEMITECOLO, Niocol6, flourished at Venice in
the second half of the 14th century. His earliest
known painting is a ' Coronation of the Virgin,'
dated 1351, and now in the Accademia at Venice.
In the same collection there are fourteen small
panels by him, which liave been supplemented by
a ' Coronation of the Virgin,' by one S'J'BFANo, (who
signs himself Stefan Plebanus Sanctoe Agnetis ■pwxit,
M.OCG.LXXX.) to form an altar-piece. In 1.B67
he painted an altar-piece with scenes from the life
of St. Sebastian, which now hangs in separate
pieces in the Chapter Library of the Duomo at
Padua. Semitecolo is known to have lived until
1400, and it has been suggested that he was identical

with Niccol6 Paradisi (q. v.), so called from his
residing near the bridge of that name at Venice.

SEMOLEI, II. See Franco, Giovanni Battista.

SEMPELIUS, D. G., a German engraver, who
flourished about the year 1580. He copied some
of Albrecht Dtirer's prints with great success.
Among his best imitations is the 'Descent into
Hell,' from the Life of Christ. It bears the date
of the original, 1612, as well as the year in which
it was engraved, 1580.

SENAVE, Jacopus Albertus, bom at Loo in
1758, was a painter of Flemish country feasts, in
the style of Teniers. He painted the atelier of
Rembrandt, with portraits of a great number of
artists, contemporaries of that master. This he
presented to the Academy at Ypies, and was in
return made an honorary director. The church of
Loo has a ' Seven Works of Mercy,' by him. He
died in Paris in 1829.

SENEFELDEE, Aloys, the inventor of the art
of lithography, was born at Prague in 1771, but in
early life went to Munich with his father, who was an
actor. He was sent to the university of Ingolstadt,
to studj' jurisprudence, but his inclination led him
rather to the stage and the drama, in which, how-
ever, he was unsuccessful. By his first piece, Die
Madchenkenner, he cleared fifty fiorins ; his second
did not pay expenses. By the death of his father
his means became straitened, and he could not afford
the cost of printing his compositions ; he therefore
endeavoured to devise some other method of multi-
plication. He made experiments in engraving,
etching, and stereotyping, and to avoid the expense
of copper plates, made use of a fine piece of Kel-
heim stone, and tried to print from it, but at first
without much success. One day, however, when he
had prepared a stone for etching, his mother entered
the room and requested him to write a list of the
linen she was sending to be washed. He had not
even a slip of paper for the purpose, having used all
in taking proof impressions, and even his inkstand
was dry. As the matter was urgent, he wrote the
list on the prepared stone with the etching ground
he had discovered for himself, intending to copy it
at leisure. Afterwards, when about to clean offi the
writing, it occurred to him that by the application
of nitric acid and water he might bite the stone so
as to leave the writing in sufficient relief to print
from. The experiment succeeded, and as soon as
he had brought his new discovery into a practical
form, he applied himself to making it a commercial
success. ']?he mere use of stone as a substitute for
copper had been known before, but Senefelder's
experiments led to the discovery of chemical litho-
graphy in its full sense. Senefelder published an
account of it in 1818, which was translated into
French and English, and made the process generally
known throughout Europe. His own practice was

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 127 of 201)