Michael Bryan.

Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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confined to Germany, where he arrived at a com-
petence, and devoted himself to perfecting the art.
He died at Munich in 1834. His brothers. ClemeNs,
George, Theobald, and Karl, and Hbinrich his
son, all practised as lithographers.

SENELLY, , an Austrian painter of the

19th century, the first part of whose career was
spent in great privation and miserj'. His early
struggles seem to have affected his brain, for, in
1873, after he had obtained some recognition, he
became insane, and died in 1876.

SENEX, John, an English engraver, who en-
graved the plates for the London Almanacks, from
the year 1717 to 1727, with the exception of that





for the year 1723, which was by John Clarke. He
died in 1741.

SENEZCOURT, Jules db, painter, was born at
Saint Oraer in 1816. In 1841 he settled at Brus-
sels, where he practised portrait and genre painting.
He died in 1866.

SENFP, Adolf, a German painter, born at Hall^
towards the close of the 18th century, first studied
theology, but in 1810 decided to devote himself to
art, and began to work in pastel under Ktigelgen
at Dresden. He afterwards went to Rome, where
he copied many of Raphael's masterpieces for the
' Rafael-Saal' at Sanssouoi. He painted a 'Madonna
Enthroned,' and a ' Christ and the Canaanitish
Woman,' but was more successful with fruit and
flowers. His brother Kael August also practised
as a painter and engraver at Dorpat.

SENTIES, Pierre Asthasie Theodore, painter,
born in Paris, February 23, 1801. He was a pupil of
Gros and Regnault. He painted numerous portraits,
some of wbich appeared at the Salon, but his best
work is a ' Resurrection ' in the cathedral of V.'ilence.

SEPP, Jan Christiaan, born at Amsterdam in
1739, was a painter of insects. He published 'The
Natural History of the Insects of Holland,' in six
volumes quarto, illustrated with some two hundred
and fifty coloui ed plates, in which he was assisted
by his son, and some other works of the same class.
Sepp was a member of the society Felix Meritis
at Amsterdam, where he died in 1811.

SEPPEZZINO, Francesco, a Genoese historical
painter, of whom little is known except that he was
born in 1630, and studied under Luca Cambiasi and
Giambattista Castilli, and died in 1679.

SEPTIMUS, Hercules. See Setti.

SEPULVEDA, Mateo Nunez de, a Spanish
painter. In 1640 Philip IV. appointed him painter
and gilder to the Spanish Navy, partly in return
for his contribution of 500 ducats towards the
expenses of the war in which his Majesty was
engaged. His patent, among other privileges,
gave hiin the sole right of painting all banners,
standards, &c., required in the navy. He is also
said to have painted in fresco.

SEQUEIRA, DoMiNGOS Antonio de, a Portuguese
historical painter and designer, was born at Lisbon
in 1768. He gave early proofs of talent, and was
sent to Rome in 1788, to complete his studies. He
became a scliolar of Antonio Cavallucci, and after
spending some years in Italy he returned to Portugal,
where his works were soon in great request. Se-
queira had much versatility, and strange stories are
told of the eccentric methods of which he sometimes
made use. In 1823 Sequeira visited Paris to exhibit
his ' Last Moments of the Poet Camoens ; ' after
which he went to Rome and became devout. He
died at Rome in 1837.

SEQUENOT, probably a native of France, flour-
ished about the year 1671. He engraved some
frontispieces aud other plates for books.

SERAPIN, Pedro, surnamed el Griego, a
painter of Barcelona, who, in conjunction with
Pedro Pablo, painted the doors of the organ of the
cathedral of Tarragona.

SERAFINL See Dei Serafini.

SERAFINI. See Modena, Babnaba da (Sup-

SERANGBLI, Gioacchino, painter, was born at
Milan in 1778. He studied under David, in Paris,
exhibiting at the Salon in the early years of the
19th century. His best works were, a 'Roman
Charity,' which excited much attention by its dex-


terous treatment of an effect of light, and a large
' Napoleon I. addressing the Delegates of the Army.'
On his return to Italy he decorated the Villa Som-
mariva on Lake Como with frescoes from the legend
of Psyche. He finally settled in Milan, where he
became Professor to the Academy.

SERENARI, Gasparo, a native of Palermo,
flourished about the year 1750. He went to Rome,
and frequented the school of Sebastiano Conca.
On his return to Sicily he distinguished himself as
a painter of history, both in oil and fresco. His
principal works at Palermo are the cupola of the
Jesuits' church and an altar-piece in the monastery
church of La Carita.

SERGENT, Antoinb Louis Fkanqois, engraver,
born at Chartres in 1761, studied under S. Aubin,
and engraved several excellent plates. When the
French Revolution broke out he became president of
the Ward of St. Jacques, and secretary to the Jacobin
Club. He was the means of saving many people
from the guillotine, and of performing many
kindly deeds. He married, in 1794, Emira Mab-
CBAU, the sister of General Marceau, and the
divorced wife of Champion de Semet. She en-
graved several plates from drawings by her hus-
band. For two years he was an exile in Swit-
zerland, but on his return to Paris was active in
artistic matters. After the 18th of Brumaire he
went to Venice, where he published ' The Costumes
of the People, Ancient and Modern,' in twenty-one
parts. He died, blind, at Nice, in 1817.

SERI, Robert de, painter and engraver, born in
Paris about 1680, was a pupil of Cazes, and then
studied in Rome. He became' painter to Cardinal
de Rohan, and painted scenes from the life of the
Virgin for the Capuchin Church of the Marais in
Paris, and the ' Martyrdom of St. Fidelis ' for the
Capuchin Church in the Rue St. Honore. He exe-
cuted several etchings after Raphael, Bagnacavallo,
&c. He died about 1739.

SERIOUS. See Soye, Philippe de.

SERIN, Jan, a painter of historical subjects and
portraits, was born at Ghent in 1678. He has
been confounded by Balkema with his father,
N. Serin, an historical painter of the same place,
by whom there is a picture in the church of St.
Martin at Tournay, ' St. Martin dividing his Cloak
with a Beggar.' The elder Serin may have been
the scholar of Erasmus Quellin, and the younger a
scholar of Jan Erasmus, his son. Several altar-
pieces in the churches at Ghent are attributed to
Jan Serin, but he was more celebrated as a portrait
painter, wliich profession he exercised at the Hague.
In 1748, when he had reached his seventieth year,
he painted the portrait of the Marquis de Fen61on,
ambassador at the Hague, and that of the Mar-
chioness. The precise year of his death, and that
of his father, is not known. His son, Jan Serin
the younger, was also a painter, and is known to
have practised from 1740 to 1748.

SERMEI, Cesarb, II cavaliere, painter, born in
1516, at Orvieto, whence he went to Assisi, where
he painted frescoes and oil pictures. He painted
besides, pictures of ceremonies, markets, &o., in-
troducing numbers of small figures. He died at
Assisi in 1600.

SERMONETA. See Siciolantb.

SERNE, Adriaan, born at Haarlem in 1773,
painted landscapes with figures, alleys of trees,
and views of towns, and also etched views of the
neighbourhood of Haarlem. He was director of
the Academy of ZwoUe, where he died in 1847.




SERRA, Miguel, (Sbebb, Serkes,) was born in
Catalonia about the year 1653. At the age of
eight years he absconded from his mother's house,
and managed to get to Marseilles, where he ob-
tained instruction from an indifferent painter, and
afterwards went to Rome. At the age of seven-
teen he returned to Marseilles, and painted a 'St.
Peter Martyr ' for the church of the Dominicans
of that city, which at once established his reputa-
tion. He was soon fully employed for the churches
and for private patrons. He sent a picture to
Paris which won him election as a member of
the Academy, and an appointment as painter to
the king. Having arrived at great honour and
riches, he devoted the whole of his wealth to
the succour of the poor of Marseilles during the
plague of 1721. However, when the plague ceased,
he returned with renewed ardour to his profession,
and painted scenes which he had witnessed during
the epidemic. He worked for the convent of St.
Claire do Marseilles, for the Madeleine in the same
city, and for the Carmelites of Aix. His easel
pictures were also in great request, and are numer-
ous. There are about twenty in the gallery of Mar-
seilles. He died at Marseilles in 1728.

SERRES, Dominic, the younger, water-colour
draughtsman, was the younger son of Serres the
elder. He is best known as a teacher of drawing,
but exhibited landscapes at the Royal Academy
from 1783 to 1787. After many years of labour in
his profession, his mind became clouded by a settled
despondency, and he entirely lost his connection as
a teacher. For the last few years of his life he was
supported by his brother, John Thomas Serres.

SERRES, Dominique, born at Auch in Gascony
in 1722. His parents designed him for the Church,
but he ran away and went to sea, and in time be-
came master of a trading vessel, which was captured
by the English in 1752, and he himself brought to
England. He then applied himself to the culti-
vation of a native bent towards art, and soon ac-
quired a reputation as a painter of sea-pieces and
landscapes. When the Royal Academy was insti-
tuted, he was chosen a member, and some years
afterwards was appointed marine painter to George
III. In 1792 he became librarian to the Royal
Academy. One of his important works was a
picture of Lord Howe's victory over the combined
Fleets of France and Spain, ofi Gibraltar, in 1782.
He was a large contributor to the exhibitions at the
Royal Academy for several years after its institu-
tion. During the first ten years he exhibited about
forty pictures, all of English naval actions. Many
of them are at Hampton Court and in Greenwich
Hospital. He died in London in 1793.

SERRES, John Thomas, marine painter, born in
London in 1759, was a pupil of his father Domi-
nique. He was drawing-master at the naval school
at Chelsea. In 1790 he visited France and Italy.
In 1793 he became marine painter to the king and
draughtsman to the admiralty. In 1801 he pub-
lished ' The little Sea Torch for Coasting Ships,'
with coloured plates, and in 1825 his ' Liber Nauti-
ciis,' a handbook for marine painters. He was
ruined by the depravity and extravagance of his
wife, who called herself Princess of Cumberland.
He became bankrupt and died in the Rules of the
King's Bench Prison in 1825.

SERRES, Olive, landscape painter, born in
1772, was the wife of John Thomas Serres, and
claimed to be the daughter of Henry Frederick,
Duke of Cumberland. Her legal father was a house

painter at Warwick, named Wilton. Her preten-
sions were brought before the House of Commons in
1822. She exhibited landscapes at the Academy and
the British Institution. She died November 21, 1834.
SERRUR, Henei Auguste Calixtb Cbsae,
painter, was born at Larabersart, near Lille, in
1794. He studied first at Lille, but in 1815 was
granted a pension by the town to enable him to
complete his education in Paris. He there entered
Regnault's studio. He exhibited at the Salon from
1819 to 1852, and died in Paris in 1865. Works :

Arras. Museum, Brunhilda.

„ Cathedral. St. Waast healing the Blind.

Bordeaux. Museum. Portrait of Charles X.

Cambrai. „ Death of Mazet.

Douai. „ Kazzia in Africa.

Lille. „ Three Scenes from Homer.

slmd£llt ] ^''^ Presentation in the Temple.

Eennes. «-«^£|: | Tobias burying a Hebrew.

Valenciennes. Museum. The Shipwreck of Camoetis.
Tersailles. „ Several OflBcial Portraits and


SERVAES, Heeman, a Flemish painter, born
probably at Antwerp in 1601. He was a pifpil
of Van Dyck, was a member of the Guild of St.
Luke in 1650, and was still living in 1660.

SERVANDONY, Jean Nicholas, an eminent
painter of theatrical scenery and architectural decor-
ations, was born at Lyons in 1695, and received
his instruction in art at Piacenzafrom Paolo Panini,
and at Rome under G. 6. Rossi. His name is often
Italianized and his birth put at Florence, but the
truth seems to be as here stated. After a sojourn in
Portugal, where he was much employed on decor-
ations for public /e<es, he settled in Paris, where he
was received with enthusiasm, and received the
honour of knighthood. In 1749 he was invited to
London, where he found a wife, proceeding after-
wards to Dresden, Vienna, and WUrtemberg. From
1737 to 1765 he was a steady contributor to the
Salon. In the Louvre there is a picture of ancient
ruins by him, painted in the manner of P. Panini.
He died in Paris in 1766.

SERVIN, Am6d:6e ^lie, painter, was born in
Paris in 1829. He was a pupil of Drolling, entered
the idlcole des Beaux Arts in 1848, and gained
several medals at the Salon. His subjects were
chiefly landscapes and animals ; he occasionally
painted genre pictures, and etched a few plates,
among them one after his own picture, ' Le Puits
de mon Charcutier.' His 'Moulin Bal6'isin the
Marseilles Museum, and there are landscapes by him
in the Museums of Mans and Melun. He died in 1886.

SERVi:fcRES, Eug:6nib, Madame, {n^e Charen,)
was born in France in 1786. She was a pupil of
Lethiere, was premiated in 1808 and 1817, and
exhibited occasionally at the Salon in the early
years of the 19th century. Her- 'Inez de Castro'
is in the Trianon.

SERWOUTER, Pietee, u Flemish engraver,
born at Antwerp about the year 1574. He was a
contemporary with J. van Londerseel, to whose
style his bears some resemblance. Among other
prints by him are the following :

A set of twelve Hunts ; after D. Vinqltehooms.

The Fall of our first Parents ; after the same.

A Dutch Merrymaking ; after the same.

Samson killing the Lion ; after the same.

David killing the Bear ; after the same.

He marked his plates with a cipher composed of a

P, an S, and a W, thus, ^. '\V*





SESTO, Cesare da, sometimes called Cesabe
Milanese, was born at Milan about 1470. He is
generally regarded as a disciple of Leonardo da
Vinci, but late in life he went to Rome and became
afEected by the example of Raphael. He also
visited Naples and Messina, where he painted the
' Adoration of the Magi,' now in the Naples Gallery.
But the details of his career are little known, and
there is much uncertainty as to his work. The
'Vierge aux Balances' of the Louvre, formerly
ascribed to Leonardo, is probably his. Lord Mon-
son's ' Holy Family,' also called a Leonardo, is a
good old Flemish copy from a picture by Cesare now
in the Brera, at Milan. The 'Judith,' at Vienna ;
the ' Altar-piece,' in several compartments, in the
convent of Sta. Trinita della Cava, near Salerno,
long given to Sabbatini, are also by Cesare. He
died at Milan about 1524. Other works by him :
Madrid. Museum. Virgin and Child.

Milan. Ambrosiana. Youthful Head of Christ.

„ Brera. A Madonna.

„ Casa Scotti. Baptism of Christ (with a land-

scape by Bernazzano).

„ Casa Melzi. Altar-piece in several compart-

ments, St. Eoch in the centre.
Naples. Museum. Adoration of the Kings.

Turin. Gallery. A Madonna.

Venice. Manfrini Gall. Two Madonnas.

SESTRI. See Tbavi.

SETLEZKY, Balthazar Sigismund, a German
engraver, of Polish origin, who was born at Augs-
burg in 1695. He died in 1770. He engraved
after Watteau, J. M. Roos, and H. Roos.

SETTBLLA, Manfred, painter and mechanician,
born at Milan in 1600, was Director of the
Academy in his native city, and died in 1680.

'SETTI, Ercole, (or Septimus, Hercules,) an
Italian painter and engraver, who flourished about
the year 1560. He was a native of Modena, and
painted altar-pieces for the churches in that city.
He etched a few plates and was still at work in

SEUBBRT, Johann Fbiedrich, bom at Stiitt-
gart in 1780, learned art from Heideloff, and
painted decorations, portraits, and flowers in
water-colours. He became professor to the Eath-
arinenstift in 1838. He died at Stuttgart in 1859.

SEUPEL, J. A., an engraver of portraits, which
he frequently drew from the life, was born at
Strasburg in 1660. His plates are neatly executed
with the graver. In several plates he imitated the
effect of mezzotint with the burin ; this, perhaps,
led him to scrape a ' View of Strasburg by Night.'
He died at Strasburg in 1714.

SEUTER. See Saiter.

SiiVE, Gilbert db, was born in Paris in 1615.
It is not known by whom he was instructed, but he
was a painter of ability, and a foundation member
of the old maitrise. Several of his portraits of dis-
tinguished persons were engraved by Edelinck,
Van Schuppen, Masson, and other eminent French
engravers. His own portrait, by Nattier, is at
Versailles. He died in Paris in 1698.

Si;VE, Pierre de, brother of Gilbert de SSve,
was born at Moulins in 1623. He was trained by
his brother, and painted similar subjects. He died
in 1695.

SEVERING. See San Severing.

SEVERN, Joseph, painter, born about 1795. He
settled in Rome, where he worked for many years,
frequently sending a picture to the Royal Academy
Exhibitions in England between 1827 and 1857.
He was the friend of the poet Keats, took him to


Italy, and tended him during his last illness in
1821. Severn returned to England in 1840, and
won a premium of £100 at the Westminster Hall
competition of 1843. In '44, '45, and '47, he was
less successful. He was again in Rome in 1861,
and held the post of British Consul in that city
until 1872, when he retired on a pension. He died
in Rome, August 3, 1879, and was buried there,
but in 1882 his body was removed from its first
resting-place to a grave beside that of Keats in
the Protestant cemetery next the pyramid of Gains
Sestius. The following works by him are at South
Kensington :

Scene from ' Eloisa and Abelard.'

Mary Stuart at Loch Leven.

Ariel, on a Bat.

Nymph gathering Honeysuckle.

Portrait of Keats. (Nat. Fort. Gallery.)

SEVERN, Miss. See Newton, Mrs. Charles.

SEVERO DA BOLOGNA, an early Italian painter,
practising about 1460. He was a pupil of Lippo
di Dalmasio.

bom at Granada in 1627, was a pupil of one Andres
Alonso Argiielles, and of Pedro de Moya. He
painted several pictures for the churches of the
Carmelite and Augustine friars at Granada, a large
' Last Supper ' for the refectory of the Jesuits, and
others for the monastery of St. Jerome. An ' En-
tombment' (No. 707) in the Dresden Gallery, is
probably his work. He died at Granada in 1695.

SEVIN, Jean, u, Belgian architectural and
decorative painter, was painting in 1750.

SiiVIN, PlEBRB Padl, painter, born at Toumon,
France, about 1650. He settled at Lyons, where he
became a portrait painter of some repute. Several
engravings were made after his designs, represent-
ing events of Louis XIV.' s reign. They bear dates
from 1685 to 1701. Some of his portraits were
also engraved, among them one of Mdlle. de la
Valliere. In the Toulouse Museum there is an
' Alexander and Diogenes ' by him. He died at
Rome in 1676.

SEYDELMANN, Apollonie, of the de Forgue
family, wife of J. C. Se3'delmann, was born at
Venice in 1767, or Trieste in 1768. She obtained a
great reputation for her small copies in sepia of
the works of Raphael, Correggio, Guido, Cantarini,
Cignani, Domenichino, Carlo Dolci, and others.
She also excelled in miniature painting. In 1789
she accompanied her husband to Italy, and assisted
him in his larger works. She was a member of
the Dresden Academy. She died at Dresden in

SEYDELMANN, Jakob Ceescentius, was born
at Dresden in 1760. He received his instruction
from Bernardo Bellotti and Casanova. Subse-
quently he went to Rome under the patronage of
the Elector, and formed a friendship with Rafael
Mengs, under whose advice he made many draw-
ings from the antique and after the great Italians.
These he finished in sepia in a manner entirely his
own, and they sold readily to English visitors. On
his return home he was appointed Professor of
Drawing to the Academy of Dresden, and he was
elected a member of several foreign Academies. In
1788 he commenced copying the principal pictures
in the Dresden Gallery, for the engravers. Later
in life he paid more visits to Rome, and was' for a
time at St. Petersburg. Several portraits and alle-
gories by Seydelmann have been engraved. There
is also an etching by him, after J. F. Bloemen, of
a figure bathing in a cavern. His vogue lasted




until his death, which occurred at Dresden in

SEYFFARTH, Louise. See Shabpe.

SEYFFEK, August,. painter and engraver, bom
at LaufEen on the Neckar in 1774, received his
first education in Stuttgart, and then went to
Vienna, where he made a name by six landscape
etchings. He afterwards engraved some views of
the neighbourhoods of Stuttgart and Tubingen in
the style of Woollett, and became Keeper of En-
gravings in Stuttgart. He died in 1845.

SEYFPERT, JoHANN Gotthold, engraver, bom
at Dresden in 1760, was instructed in drawing by
Casanova, and in engraving by the elder Stolzel.
He was employed by Hofrath Becker in engraving
some of the plates for ' The Augusteum.' He was
a master in the Dresden Academy. He died in

SEYMOUR, Colonel, amateur, a successful
painter of miniatures in the reign of Queen Anne.

SEYMOUR, Edwabd, painted portraits in Eng-
land in the first part of the 18th century, in the
manner of Kneller. He died in 1757, and was
buried in Twickenham churchyard.

SEYMOUR, James, born in London in 1702, the
only son of a banker, who was a great lover of art,
drew well himself, and lived in habits of intimacy
with Sir Peter Lely and other painters of his time.
He excelled in sketching horses, but he was a weak
colourist, and few of his works are known. Houston
and Burford engraved' after him. He died in
London in 1752.

SEYMOUR, EoBBET, caricaturist, born in London
in 1800, served an apprenticeship to a Spitalfields
silk designer in his early years. He afterwards
turned to a higher walk in art. and painted at first
historical pictures and portraits. His attention then
gradually turned to the illustration of books, which
were mostly comic. Among these were ' The Odd
Volume,' 'The Comic Magazine,' ' Figaro in Lon-
don,' ' Vagaries in quest of the wild and won-
derful,' ' The Book of Christmas,' ' The Looking-
glass,' ' The Schoolmaster abroad,' ' New Readings
of Old Authors,' and ' Humorous Sketches.' But
Seymour will be remembered as the first illustrator
of ' Pickwick,' and as the creator of the types of
Pickwick, Winkle, and Tupman, on which no suc-
cessor haa contrived to improve. In 1836, how-
ever, when only a few numbers of ' Pickwick ' had
been published, he committed suicide.

SEZENIUS, Valentine, a German engraver,
who flourished about the year 1620. He engraved
some plates of ornaments and grotteschi, which he
usually marked with the initials V. S.

SG UAZBLLA, ANDEEA,(or Chiazzella,) an Italian
painter of the 16th century, was a pupil of Andrea
del Sarto, whom he accompanied to France, re-
maining there after the return of his master to
Italy, and painting various pictures at the Castle
of Semblan9ay for Jacques de Beaune. (See De
Laborde, La Henaissance des Arts ct la Gour de
France.) These, however, all perished at the
destruction of the castle in 1793, save the altar-
piece of the chapel. On the death of Jacopo da
Pontormo, Sguazella succeeded to his possessions,
as nearest of kin, in 1557. A ' Deposition,' by
Sguazella, was engraved by Eoea Vico, with certain
alterations, as a work of Eaphael, and again, with
the true ascription, by A. Girardet for the Muse'e

SHACKLETON, John, portrait painter, suc-
ceeded Kent as principal painter to George II.

There are portraits by him of George II. and his
Queen in Fishmongers' Hall, one of the King in
the Foundling Hospital, and another in the National
Portrait Gallery. In 1755 he was a member of
the committee which made a futile attempt to found
a Eoyal Academy. He died in 1767.

SHALDERS, George, water-colour painter, born
about 1826, practised at Portsmouth, and occasion-
ally exhibited views of Surrey, Hampshire, and
Irish scenery at the Academy from 1848 onwards.
In 1865 he became a member of the Institute of
Painters in water-colours, and was a frequent ex-
hibitor of landscapes with cattle at their galleries.

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 128 of 201)