Michael Bryan.

Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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The strain of excessive work brought on an attack
of paralysis, and he died in 1873, after a few days'
illness, aged 47.

SHARP, Michael, portrait and subject painter,
born in London, was a pupil of Sir W. Beechey,
and studied in the Academy Schools. From 1801
to 1818 he exhibited at the Academy portraits and
portrait groups, but afterwards he confined himself
to subject pictures. There is a portrait of Miss
Duncan, in 'The Honey-Moon,' by him, at South
Kensington. He died at Boulogne in 1840.

SHARP, William, one of the most celebrated
of English line engravers, was born in 1749, in
London. The son of a gunmaker, he was ap-
prenticed to Barak Longmate, the engraver on
plate, who was also well skilled in heraldry. At
the expiration of his term of apprenticeship he
commenced business as a writing engraver. His
first essays when an apprentice had been on pub-
licans' pewter pots, and when his friends wished to
qualify this assertion by substituting silver tankards,
Sharp would insist on the humbler metal. One of
his first attempts in a higher branch was to make
a drawing of the old lion Hector, who had lived in
the Tower of London for thirty years, to engrave it
on a small quarto plate, and to expose the prints
for sale in his window. Recognition of his merit
was, however, more widely diffused by his engrav-
ing, after Stothard's designs, several of the plates
for the ' Novelist's Magazine.' He soon rose above
the crowd, and was employed on works of art of
the highest order, and proved himself the worthy
successor of Woollett, but did not, like him, extend
his practice to landscape, except in backgrounds.
His style is alwaysmasterly, not servilely borrowed
from any of his predecessors or contemporaries, but
formed by a judicious selection from the merits of
all who excelled. These he combined and blended
in a manner peculiarly his own, showing more of
the artist .and less of the mechanic than any other
engraver of bis time. His plate from West's
portrait of Kosciuszko relieved him from an un-
pleasant and, at that time, dangerous predicament.
He was suspected of entertaining revolutionary
principles, and was examined before the Privy
Council. At one of these examinations, after
being long aimoyed by questions which he thought
irrelevant, he deliberately pulled out of his pocket
a subscription list for the portrait, handed it to
Pitt and Dundas, requesting them to have the
goodness to put their names to it as subscribers,
and then to pass it to the other members of the
council. The audacity of the propoMl, at such
a time, set them laughing, and he was soon
after liberated. Sharp was by no means qualified
to be a conspirator ; he was fond of good cheer,
and had a weakness for all sorts of mysticism ;
he believed in the divine mission of Richard
Brothers, in the immaculate conception of Jo-





hanna Southoote, and in the visions of Emmanuel
Swedenborg. The Imperial Academy of Vienna,
and the Royal Academy of Munich, each elected
him an honorary member. Sharp died at Chiswick
in 1824, and was buried in the same churchyard as
Hogarth and De Loutherboui-g. The following list
embraces his principal plates :

Portrait of John Bunyan.

„ George TVashiagton.

„ Samuel More ; after West.

His own portrait ; after K F. Joseph.
Portrait of the Earl of Arundel ; after Van Dyck.

„ Lord Diindas ; after Maelmm.

„ Kosciuszko ; after Stothard and C. Andreas.

„ Dr. Edward Jenuer ; after Chobday.

The Magdalen ; after Guido.

Siege and Relief of Gibraltar ; two plates, after Copley.
Landing of Charles II. ; after West.
The Doctors of the Church ; after Guido.
Ecce Homo ; after the same.

Portrait of Dr. John Hunter ; after Sir Joshua Reynolds.
The Holy Family ; after the same.
Lear in the Storm ; after the same.
The "Witch of Endor ; after B. West.
Alfred dividing his Loaf with a Pilgrim ; after the same.
The Children in the Wood ; after Henwell.
St. Cecilia ; after Bomenichino.
The Sortie from Gibraltar ; after Trumbull.
Portrait of Tom Paine ; after Romney.
The Portrait of Mr. Boulton ; after Reynolds.
Interview of Charles I. with his children ; after Wood-
Boadicea haranguing the Britons ; after Stothard.
' Luoretia ' and ' St. Cecilia ' ; after bomenichino.
The three Marys and dead Christ ; after An. Carracci,
from the picture at Castle Howard, but left unfinished.
Sharp completed Woollett's unfinished plate after "West's
'Landing of Charles II.'

The British Museum contains a complete collection
of Sharp's engravings, in a variety of states.

SHARPS, Eliza, the elder sister of Louisa
Sharpe, practised as a water-colour painter, and
was elected a member of the 'old Society' in 1829.
She occasionally exhibited at the Academy and at
t'he "Water-Colour Society's Galleries until 1872,
when she resigned. In her last years she found
employment chiefly as a copyist at the South
Kensington Museum. She died at Chelsea in

SHARPE, LoDisA, born in London about 1800,
began her career with miniatures and portraits, and
then took to genre painting in water-colours. In
1829, the same year as her sister, she was elected
a member of the Society of Painters in "Water-
colours. In 1834 she married Dr. SeyflEarth, of
Dresden, and settled in that city, where she died in

SHARPLES, Mrs., portrait painter, born at
Birmingham about 1753, was the wife of an Eng-
lish artist practising in America. On liis death
in 1807 she returned to England and exhibited
miniatures of General Washington and Dr. Priestley
at the Academy. She afterwards settled at Bristol,
where she died in 1849, bequeathing her pro-
perty to found a Bristol Academy of Art. Her
son Jambs exhibited portraits occasionally at the
Academy. He practised at Bristol, where he died
in 1839.

SHARPLES, RoLiNDA, portrait painter, was the
daughter of Mrs. Sharpies, and practised at Bristol.
She exhibited occasionally at the Academy, but her
best known work was a ' Trial of the Bristol Rioters,'
exhibited at the Suflolk Street Gallery in 1832.
She died in 1838, and bequeathed several of her
father's portraits to the Bristol Society of Arts, an


institution afterwards incorporated with thatfounded
by Mrs. Sharpies.

SHAW, Henby, draughtsman and engraver, was
born in London in 1800, and assisted Britton with
his English cathedrals, supplying most of the
illustrations for Wells and Gloucester. His first
independent work was 'The Antiquities of Luton
Chapel,' which was followed by ' Details of Gothic
Architecture,' and a splendid series of illuminated
works, comprising 'Illuminated Ornaments,' 'Speci-
mens of Ancient Furniture,' 'Ancient Plate_ and
Furniture,' ' Dresses and Decorations of the Middle
Ages' (1839), 'The Encyolopiedia of Ornament'
(1842), 'Alphabets, Numerals, and Devices of the
Middle Ages ' (1845), ' Decorative Arts of the
Middle Ages' (1851), 'The Handbook of Medieval
Alphabets,' 'Arms of the Colleges of Oxford'
(1855), 'Ornamental Tile Paintings' (1858). He
died in London in 1873.

SHAW, James, devoted liimself chiefly to the
painting of horses. He built an addition to his
studio in Mortimer Street, Cavendish Square, for
their accommodation. He exhibited with the
Society of Artists in 1761, and died about 1772.

SHAW, James, portrait painter, was a native of
Wolverhampton, and was placed as a pupil with
Edward Penny. He painted portraits with some
success, and towards the latter part of his life
resided in Charlotte Street, Fitzroy Square, where
he died about the year 1784.

SHAW, Joshua, a self-taught artist, was born at
Bellingborough, in Lincolnshire, in 1776. He was
left an orphan at an early age, and apprenticed
to a country sign-painter. When his time expired
he set up for himself in the same trade at Man-
chester, and married. He afterwards turned to
other branches of art, and tried his hand on flower-
pieces, still-life, and landscape, chiefly copying
the old masters. He came to London and exhibited
some of his works, which attracted the attention
of dealers, who employed him to copy landscapes
with cattle by Berchem, Gainsborough, and others,
which were sold as originals. After a time he
emigrated to America, where he carried on the
same proceedings and also developed a genius for
meolianics. The date of his death is unknown.

SHAYER, William, was born at Southampton
in 1788. From 1824, the date of the foundation
of the Society of British Artists, to 1873, he was
a constant and most prolific contributor to their
exhibitions, exhibiting frequently seven or eight,
and occasionally twelve, works a year. He was
elected a member in 1862. He died at Shirley,
near Southampton, in 1879. His works mostly
represent cattle and sheep.

SHEE, Sir Martin Archer, born in Dublin in
1769, was the son of a merchant. He was taught
at the Drawing School, Dublin, but went to London
in 1788, and entered the Academy in 1790. On
his arrival in London he made the acquaintance of
Reynolds through Burke's introduction, but for
a time suffered considerable privation through
his refusal to ask help from his relatives. He
soon, however, gained a footing by his portraits
of well-known actors, such as Lewis, Stephen
Kemble, Fawoett, Pope, and others. He also
painted several historical pictures, ' Jephthah's
Daughter,' 'Lavinia,' ' Belisarius,' 'Prospero and
Miranda.' He also painted portraits of the Duke
of Clarence, William IV., Queen Adelaide, Queen
Victoria, and Prince Albert. In 1796 he took a
large house in Golden Square, and married. Two




years later he moved to the house in Cavendish
Square in wliich he lived for the rest of his life.
In 1805 he published ' Rhymes on Art ; ' in 1809 a
sequel called ' Elements of Art ; ' and some years
later ' Alasco, a Tragedy,' which was only published
after it had been banished from the stage by
the Lord Chamberlain. In 1829 he published an
anonymous novel, ' Old Court.' In 1798 he had
been elected an associate, and, in 1800, a mem-
ber of the Academy, and in 1830, on the death
of Lawrence, he was promoted to be President.
He died at Brighton in 1850. Shee's art was solid
and commonplace, but not without dignity. One
of his best pictures is the portrait of Lewis, the
actor, now in the National Gallery.

SHELLEY, Samuel, painter and engraver, bom
in Whitechapel about 1760. He received little
instruction in art, but greatly admiring Reynolds,
he copied much from him, and so acquired his ex-
cellent style, attaining in particular a fine harmony
and richness in colour. He became famous as a
painter of miniatures, dividing the patronage of
the day with Cosway and Collins. He also pro-
duced mythological and historical subjects in mini-
ature, such as 'Psyche,' 'Nymphs feeding Pe-
gasus,' ' Cupid turned Watchman,' ' Cupid solicits
new Wings,' ' Love's Complaint to Time,' all of
which were exhibited at the opening show of the
Water-Colour Society in 1805. He was one of the
original members of this society, wliich was planned
at his house. The few engravings he executed
were after his own works. He made some ill-drawn
designs for book illustration. He died in London,
December 22, 1808. There are good examples of
his miniatures at South Kensington.

SHENTON, Henry Chawneb, engraver, bom at
Winchester in 1803, was among the best of the
English line engravers. He was a pupil of Geo.
Warren, whose daughter he married. He died in
London in 1866, having become partially blind
some time before. His best plates are :

The Stray Kitten ; after Collins.

The Loan of a Bite ; after Mulready.

Country Cousins ; after Redgrave.

The Generosity of Eichard Coeur de Lion ; after J.

Cross ; for the London Art Union.
Some good plates for Finden's ' Annual of British Art,'

and the Annuals.

SHEPHARD, William, portrait painter, practised
in the reign of Charles II. A portrait by him is
extant of Thomas Killigrew, the jester, with
his dog, engraved by Faithorne. He is said to
have died in Yorkshire. Francis Barlow was his

SHEPHBARD, George, water-colour painter,
studied in the schools of the Royal Academy, and
from 1811 to 1830 occasionally exhibited landscapes
from Surrey and Sussex. At South Kensington
there are by him: 'The Vale of Health, Hamp-
stead,' a 'Coast Scene,' and 'Roslin Chapel, near

SHEPHEARD, George Wallwyn, water-colour
painter, the eldest son of George Shepheard, was
born in 1804. He travelled much in France, Ger-
many, and Italy, and exhibited many landscape
views and studies at the Academy from 1830 to
1851. He died in 1852. His brother, Lewis H.
Shepheard, also an artist, published sixteen of his
sketches, in 1873.

SHEPHERD, George, engraver, born about
1760, practised in London. He produced many
plates, etched, and finished in mezzotint. Of these

the best are, the ' Attitudes ' of Lady Hamilton, in
fifteen plates, and ' The Fleecy Charge,' after Mor-
land. He also engraved a considerable number of

SHEPHERD, George Sydney, water-colour
painter, exhibited at the Academy between 1831
and 1837. He became a member of the New So-
ciety of Painters in Water-Colours in 1833, at about
which time he exhibited chiefly metropolitan build-
ings, ' Old Covent Garden Market,' ' Old London
Bridge,' &o. He made drawings for C. Clarke's
' Architectura Ecclesiastica Londini,' and W. H.
Ireland's ' England's Topographer.' At South
Kensington there is by him, 'The Kilns, 1831,' a
good example of his work. His name disappears
after 1860.

SHEPHERD, Robert,- supposed to have been a
pupil of David Loggan, was a native of England,
and flourished about the year 1660. He engraved
a few laborious portraits in line, as well as reduced
copies of Gdrard Audran's plates after Le Brun's
' Battles of Alexander.'

SHERIDAN, J., portrait painter, was born in
Kilkenny county. He studied for a time at the
Dublin Academy, and then came to London. He
exhibited at the Academy from 1785 to 1789, but
his insufficient education prevented him from reach-
ing success. He died in London in 1790.

SHERIFF, Charles, (or Shebeiff,) a deaf and
dumb painter, who practised in Edinburgh in the
second half of the 18th century. In 1773 he
came to London, where lie was well received, and
took a place among the fashionable miniaturists of
the day. In 1796 he was established at Bath, where
he remained for some years. It is said that he
eventually went to India and there exercised his

SHERIFF, William Craig, a young Scotch
painter, born near Haddington, October 26, 1786.
He studied at the Trustees' Academy, Edinburgh,
and much was hoped from the great promise dis-
played in his first important work, ' The Escape of
Queen Mary from Lochleven.' While engaged on
this work he was seized with a rapid consumption.
He lived just long enough to finish his picture,
which was engraved by W. H. Lizars, and died
March 17, 1806, at the age of nineteen.

SHERLOCK, William, painter and engraver,
the son of a prize-fighter, was born at Dublin about
1 738. He studied at the St. Martin's Lane Academy,
in London, and afterwards under Le Bas, in Paris.
He exhibited portraits both in oil and water-colours
with the Incorporated Society from 1764 to 1777,
and at the Academy from 1802 to 1806. He occa-
sionally painted miniatures, and was also known as
an engraver, both of landscapes and portraits, his
chief plates being a series of portrait heads for
Smollett's ' History of England.'

SHERLOCK, William P., painter and topo-
graphical draughtsman, was born about 1780. He
imitated Richard Wilson, under whose name his
pictures have been occasionally sold. From 1796
to 1810 he exhibited architectural views at the
Royal Academy, and in 1811 he published a series
of soft-ground etchings, after Girtin, Payne, Powell,
and others. He also engraved some copies of rare
portrait plates, and drew many of the illustrations
for Dickinson's 'Antiquities of Nottinghamshire.'

SHERWIN, John Keyse, an engraver, was born
in 1751, at Eastdean, in Sussex, where his father
was a cutter of wooden bolts for ships, a trade he
himself followed till he was about sixteen, when





his artistic gift attracted the attention of some
helpful friends. He was placed first under Astley
and then under Bartolozzi to learn drawing and
engraving. Under these masters he made rapid
progress, and in 1772 gained the gold medal of
the Royal Academy for a picture of ' Coriolanus
taking leave of his Family.' His name is to be
found in the exhibition catalogues of the Royal
Academy from 1774 to 1780, as an exhibitor of
chalk drawings, some copies, some originals ;
among the latter was one dealing with the story
of Galatea from Ovid, and another described as
' Leonidas taking leave of his Family.' One of his
drawings attracted much attention ; it was called
' The Joj'S of Life,' and was executed in red and
black chalk with colour washes, in the manner of
Bartolozzi. It is said that Bartolozzi employed
him on his plate of ' Clytie,' after Annibale Carracci,
but in his own larger works his style is more like
that of WooUett than that of Bartolozzi. His
plates from his own compositions are im pleasing,
but ' The finding of Moses,' in which the beautiful
Duchess of Devonshire represents the daughter
of Pharaoh, and several other ladies of rank and
fashion her attendants, had a great success in
its time. On the death of Woollett, Sherwin was
appointed engraver to the king. Owing to his
many follies he fell into poverty, and died at a
tavern which formerly stood where Swallow Street
joins Oxford Street, in 1790. Another account
says he died in the house of a printseller on Corn-
hill. He was buried at Hampstead. The following
are his best plates :

William Pitt, Earl of Chatham ; after Wilton. '

George Nugent Granville Temple, Marquis of Bucking-
ham ; after Gainshorougk,

Dr. Louth, Bishop of London ; after Pine.

Captain James Cook ; after Dance.

Sir Joshua Keynolds ; after a picture ij( himself.

William Woollett, Engraver to the King.

Mrs. Siddons, in the character of the Grecian Daughter.

The Holy Family ; after Carlo Maratti.

Christ bearing the Cross ; after the picture ly Guido in
the chapel of Magdalene College, Oxford.

Christ appearing to Magdalene; after Guido's picture
at All Souls' College, Oxford.

The Holy Family ; after Carlo Maratti.

The Fortune-teller ; after Eei/nolds.

The Death of Lord Eobert Manners ; after Stothard.

The Holy Family ; after Fietro da Cortona.

The Virgin and Child ; after JV. Poussin.

Noli me Tangere ; after Mengs.

SHERWIN, William, an English engraver, born
at Wellington, in Shropshire, and flourished from
about 1670 to about 1711. It is not known by
whom he was taught. His plates are not numerous,
though he was active for many years. We have
several portraits by him ; he also engraved some
frontispieces and other plates for books, from his
own designs, among which are tlie greater part of
the plates in the edition of 'God's Revenge against
Murder,' printed in 1669. Sherwin had the unusual
honour of being named engraver to the king by
patent. Among his portraits are the following :

Charles I. on horseback, with a view of Richmond.

OUver Cromwell.

Charles II. ; three plates, one a whole-length ; prefixed

to Ashmole's ' Order of the Garter.'
Catherine, his Queen.
Christopher, Duke of Albemarle.
WiUiam III. when Prince of Orange.
Henry, Duke of Norfolk.
George I. when Elector of Hanover.
Richard Atkyns, Typograph. Eeg.
Slingsby Bethell, Sheriff of Loudon.

Henry Scudder, B.D., Presbyt.

William Ramesay, M.D.

William Bridge, A.M., Presbyt.

William Sermon, M.D. ; inscribed, fF. Sherwin, ad

vivum, del. et sculp. 1671
John Gadbury, Astrol.
Judge Powell. 1711.

He also scraped a few indifferent mezzotints,
among them the first dated English plate in that
manner, a portrait of Charles II., inscribed Giul.
Sherwin, fecitt, 1669.

SHIELS, William, painter, was bom in Ber-
wickshire in 1785. He practised in Edinburgh,
but occasionally sent a picture to the Royal
Academy between 1813 to 1852. Though best
known as an animal painter, he frequently painted
genre pictures of a simple domestic character,
'Interior of a Scotch Fisherman's Cottage,' 'Pre-
paring for a Visitor,' &c. He died in 1857.

SHIBRCLIFFE, Edward, miniature painter,
practised at Bristol in the second half of the 18th
century. He was still living in 1776.

SHIPLEY, William, painter, born in 1714, was
the originator of the Society of Arts. He was for a
time a drawing-master at Northampton, and after-
wards in London, where he became widely known
as founder of the St. Martin's Lane Academy, once
called 'Shipley's School.' There is a mezzotint by
Paber of a man blowing a lighted torch, which
bears the name of Shipley as the painter, but whether
by this artist or not is uncertain. He died at
Manchester, December 1803. He was the brother
of Dr. Jonathan Shipley, Bishop of St. Asaph's,
whose daughter, GE9EGINA Shipley, was an ama-
teur portrait painter, and exhibited at the Academy
in 1781. She married Francis Hare Naylor, of
Hurstmonceaux, and died in 1806.

SHIPSTER, RoBEET, engraver, was a pupil of
Bartolozzi, and practised at the close of the 18th
century. He engraved West's 'Witch of Endor'
in line for Macklin's Bible.

SHORT, R., painter and draughtsman. He
practised about the middle of the 18th century.
Twelve pictures by him of naval engagements
between the French and the Spaniards, were en-
graved by Caroline Watson, and published by

SHDTE, John, painter and architect, was bom
at Collumpton, in Devon. In 1668 he published a
work, ' The first and chief grounds of Architecture,'
embellished with numerous cuts and figures, and
dedicated to the Queen. From this dedication we
learn that the author had been for a time in the
service of the Duke of Northumberland, who had
sent him into Italy in 1560, to study under the
best architects. He is mentioned by Richard Hey-
dock, in bis translation of ' Lomazzo on Painting,'
published 1698, as one of the English limners
prior to Hilliard, who practised "drawing by the
life in small models." He died in 1563.

SHUTER, Thomas, portrait painter, practised in
the early part of the 18th century. At Westwood
Park, Droitwich, there is a portiait by him, signed
and dated 1725.

SIBELIUS, M., a Dutch engraver, born at
Amsterdam, who practised in London from about
the year 1775 to his death in 1785. He was
much employed by Sir Joseph Banks in botanical
work. He also engraved a few portraits, among
which are :

Cardinal Beaton ; engraved for Pennant's ' Scotland.'
Mrs. Rudd ; after Daniel Dodd.




SIBERECHTS, Jan, painter, bom at Antwerp
in 1627, was the son of Jan Siberechts, a sculptor.
He was pupil of Adriaen De Bye, and became
master of the Guild of St. Luke in 1648. The Duke
of Buckingham, passing through Flanders after his
mission to Paris, met Siberechts, carried him to
England, and employed him at Cliefden. He
painted landscapes in the style of Berchem and
Dujardin, and subject pictures, such as 'St. Francis
of Assisi,' and ' Mother watching by Sleeping Chil-
dren.' He also painted views of Chatsworth, Long-
leat, &c. He died in London in 1703. There is a
' Farmyard ' bj' him in the Brussels Museum.

SIBMACHER, Johann, engraver, of Nuremberg,
practised from 1596 to 1611, and etched several
plates from Antique Statues for Boissard's, collec-

SIBSON, Thomas, an English subject painter,
born in Cumberland in 1817. Intended for com-
merce, he was chiefly self taught in art. He went
to London in 1838, and was engaged in book illus-
tration. Specimens of his powers in this direction
are to be seen in ' A Pinch of SnufE,' S. C. Hall's
'Book of Ballads,' the 'Abbotsford' edition of the
' Waverley Novels,' &c. In 1842 he went to
Munich to study under Kaulbaoh, but returned to
England on account of ill health. Proposing to
winter in Italy, he died on his way there, at Malta,
in 1844.

SICARD, Louis Apollikaire, a French painter
of flowers, fruit, and still-life, born at Lyons, April
25, 1807. He lived at Lyons, whence he sent
occasional pictures to the Salon from 1857 onwards.
He died in 1881.

SICARD, Louis, (SicARDY,) miniature and enamel
painter, born at Avignon in 1746, worked in Paris
and exhibited miniatures, oil portraits, and 'Pier-
rot' scenes at the Salon between 1791 and 1819.
Many of these latter were engraved. He died in

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 129 of 201)