Michael Bryan.

Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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A set of sixTiews of Sea-ports in the Kingdom of Naples ;

circular plates.
Twenty-four Views of Italian and other Sea-ports ; with

descriptions in French ; circular plates.
Twelve of the most remarkable Views in Paris and the

environs, some of which are engraved by Delia Sella.
A View of Paris, from the Bridge of the Tuileries,
A large View of Eome ; four sheets.
Two Views of the Oampo Vacoino, and the Coliseum at

The grand Carousal, or Eoyal Entertainment at Paris in

] 662 ; in one hundred and eight prints. F. Chaveau

engraved some of these plates.
The Pleasures of the Enchanted Island ; nine Plates,

with a vignette.
'Paysages Diverses;' seventy-four views of Palaces,

churches, &c., in France and Italy.
' Vues Diverses de Eome et d' Italie ; ' one hundred and

five views of Italian scenery.

SILVESTRE, Jacques Augustin de, painter,
the Bon and pupil of Nicholas Charles, was born
in Paris, August 1, 1719. He succeeded his father
as drawing-master to the French royal children.
During a three years' sojourn in Rome, he made
drawings of most of the antiquities of the city.
His fine collection of prints was sold after his
death, which took place in Paris, in 1809.

SILVESTRE, Louis, called Louis the Elder, the
second son of Israel Silvestre, was born in Paris,
March 20, 1669, and was taught by his father.
Particulars as to his works are lacking, but he
appears to have painted landscapes, as he was re-
ceived at the Academy in 1705 with a work of that
class. He died in Paris, in 1740.

SILVESTRE, Louis, the younger, fourth son
of Israel Silvestre, and the homonym of his elder
brother, was born in Paris in 1675. He was a
pupil of Le Brun and Bon Boullogne, and entered
the Academy in 1702. His election picture, ' The
Creation of Man by Prometheus,' is now at Mont-
pellier. Having gained a great reputation for his
portraits and landscapes, he was invited to the
court of Augustus III., at Dresden, whence, after a
residence of thirty years, during part of which he
was director of the gallery, be returned to Paris,
and was appointed to the corresponding post there.
He died in Paris in 1760.

SILVESTRE, Nicholas Charles de, the son of
Charles Frangois, was boni in Paris in, 1698. He
was drawing-master to the royal family, and died
in 1767. The following plates may be named :

Ubaldo and the Danish Knight searching for Einaldo in

the palace of Armida ; after' Le Maine.
A Hunting-piece ; after Audray.

SILVESTRO, an early Florentine painter, was a
Camaldolese monk in the Convent of Santa Maria
degli Angeli at Florence. He flourished from
about 1350 to 1410, and was one of the best missal
painters of his time. A splendid mass-book, for
his own monastery, mentioned by Vasari, remained
there for centuries, and was praised by Leo X. in
1513. It was brought to England by Ottley, and
one of the miniatures from it, a birth of St. John
the Baptist, in the presence of the Virgin, is now
in the Liverpool Institution. Others were in the
Fuller Russell collection, now dispersed.

SILVIO, Giovanni, a native of Venice, who
flourished about the year 1532. He is supposed to
have been educated in the school of Titian. In
the Collegiata di Piovi di Saceo, near Padua, is a
picture by him bearing the above date. It repre-
sents St. Martin between SS. Peter and Paul, with
three angels, two of which are supporting his
crosier, and the third playing on the harp.
K K 2

SILVIUS, Anthony, (SYLVIUS,) whom Papillon
calls Silvius Antonianus, are the supposed names
of a draughtsman and wood-engraver, who used

the monogram /( and flourished from 1553 to

about 1580. It is said that he was born at Antwerp
in 1525, and was much employed by Christopher
Plantin, and other printers. The names, however,
of Silvius Antonianus seem to be a mistake. It
appears that Papillon had observed the above
monogram on the wood-cuts to an edition of
Faerno's Fables, printed at Antwerp in 1567, and
dedicated to Cardinal Borromeo by Silvio Anto-
niano, professor of Belles Lettres at Rome, and
afterwards a cardinal himself, and had hastily con-
cluded that the editor was the engraver. Nagler
has given a catalogue of books to which the en-
graver who used the above monogram contributed
wood-cuts, vignettes, or title-pages.

SILVIUS, Balthasae, a German engraver, who
flourished about the year 1555. He executed some
coarse plates, chiefly from his own designs. They
are usually marked with the initials B. S. He also
engraved after Frans Floris, Karl Van Mander,
Jerome Bos, and others. ^

SIMANOWITZ, LuDoviKE von, n^e Reichenbach,
was born in Stiittgart ia 1761. She painted por-
traits of Schiller and the painter Wachter. She
died at Ludwigsburg in 1827..

SIMBRECHT, Mathias, was born at Munich.
He died at Prague of the plague, in 1680, probably at
an early age, the number of his pictures being very
small. It is not known where he received his first
instruction, but the efi'ects of a profound study
of Raphael are visible in his works, and indicate
a sojourn of some length in Italy. There is an
altar-piece in the church of S. Stephen at Prague
by him ; a ' Visitation ' in the Museum, and further
a ' S. Rosalie ' and an ' Education of the Virgin.'

SIMLER, JoHANN, a Swiss painter and engraver,
born at Zurich in 1693. He studied for a short
time under Pesne at Berlin, and was a pupil of the
engraver Melchior Fuessli. He died in 1748.

SIMMLER, Fkiedbich Karl Joseph, landscape
and animal painter, born in 1801 at Hanau, whither
his parents had fled from the French, studied at
Munich and Vienna. He made excursions through
Upper Austria and Styria, studying landscape and
animal painting. He paid long visits to Florence,
Rome, Venice, and Naples, and, in 1829, went to
Hanover to paint some portraits at the request of
the Minister von Bremer. He painted in the land-
scapes of Sohullen, Booking, and Grieben, while
Achenbach and Scheuren occasionally painted back-
grounds to his cattle. In 1862 he went to live at
AschafEenburg, where he died in 1872. His three
sons all devoted themselves to art. Works :

View of Bergen.

View of Butenheim.

Landscape with Goetz von Berlichingen.

Bull and Sheep. (Berlin, RaczynisM Col.)

Dutch Landscape. (Duke of Cambridge.)

SIMMLER, Joseph, historical and portrait
painter, born at Warsaw in 1823, was a pupil of
the Munich Academy. He painted portraits and
historical pictures, and died at Warsaw in 1868.

SIMMONS, John, born at Nailsea in Somerset-
shire, about 1715, was a house and ship's painter at
Bristol. His name appears in the early catalogues
of the Royal Academy as a portrait painter. There
is an altar-piece by him in All Saints' church,
Bristol, and another in S. John's, Devizes. Many





of his portraits have been engraved, among them
that of Ferguson, the astronomer. It is said he
was known to Hogarth, who thought well of his
talents. In the Academy catalogues his name is
sometimes printed Simmonds of Bristol. He died
at Bristol, January 18, 1780.

SIMMONS, William Heney, engraver, horn in
London, June 11, 1811. He studied engraving at
Finden's Institute, and was for many years perhaps
the chief of English workers in his own line. He
first appeared at the Royal Academy with two
plates after Frank Stone, and his last exhibited
plate was 'A Humble Servant,' after Roea Bon-
heur, a proof of which was at the Academy at the
time of his death. His last work was to etch the
plate from 'The Lion at Home,' which was com-
pleted after his death by Mr. Atkinson. He died
Nov. 6, 1882. The following is a list of his chief
plates :

Rustic Beauty. 1837.

Catherine Seyton. 1850.

■Well-bred Sitters ; after Sir E. Landseer. 1875.

Dominion ; after the same.

On Trust ; after the same.

Koyal Sport ; after the same.

The Sick Monkey ; after the same.

Taming of the Shrew ; after the same.

The Fatal Duel ; after the savie.

The Proscribed Eoyalist ; after Sir John Millais.

The Lost Piece of Money ; after the same.

Bosalind and Celia ; after the same.

Highland Mary ; after T. Faed.

Daiddy's arcoming ; after the same.

Sunday in the Backwoods ; after the same.

The Poor Man's Friend ; after the same.

A Wee Bit Fractious ; after the same.

Baith Faither and Mither ; after the same.

The Last of the Clan ; after the same.

His only Pair ; after the same.

New Wars to an old Soldier ; after the same.

Waiting for the Verdict ; after A. Solomon.

Not Guilty ; after the same.

Both Puzzled ; after Erskine Nichol.

' Steady, Johnny, Steady! ' after the same.

The Light of the World ; after JBolman Hunt,

Claudio and Isabella ; after the same.

News of our Marriage ; after Tissot.

Marriage of the Prince of Wales ; after Frith.

' Luff, boy ' ; after Hook.

An Old Monarch ; after Rosa Bonheur.

A Humble Servant ; after the same.

And plates after Le Jeune, Van Zerius, WinterhaUer,'and

SIMO, or SIMONE, Juan Bautista, a Spanish
painter, and native of "Valencia, in which city he
was associated with Antonio Palomino, in 1697,
on frescoes for S. Juan del Mercado. He accom-
panied Palomino to Madrid, where he painted in
the convent church of S. Felipe el Real. He left
these paintings unfinished at his death in 1717, and
they were completed by his son, Pedro Siho, also
an artist of some merit.

SIMON DB CHALONS, a French painter of the
16th century, a native of Chalons in Cliarapagne.
From about 1646 to 1665 he was established at
Avignon, where four pictures by him, ' The Ador-
ation of the Magi,' and 'Our Lady of Pity,' in the
Calvet Museum, a ' Nativity ' in the church of S.
Peter, and a ' Descent of the Holy Ghost ' in the
church of S. Didier, are to be found.

SIMON OP Belluna. See Simone da Cusighe.

SIMON, Jean, engraver, a native of Normandy,
born in 1676, was trained in his own country, but
came to England some years before the death of
John Smith, and on seeing that artist's work, he
quitted the graver, and applied himself entirely


to scraping mezzotints. Sir Godfrey Kneller, upon
some difference between himself and Smith, em-
ployed Simon to engrave some of his pictures in
mezzotint. This he did with a success which did
not desert him when he turned to the works of
other masters. Among his plates we may name :

Queen Elizabeth ; after Hilliard,

Charles I. ; after Vaiulyck.

William III. ; after Kneller.

Mary II. ; after Vander Vaart,

Queen Anne ; after Kneller,

George, Prince of Denmark.

George I. ; after Kneller.

George II., when Prince of Wales ; after the same.

John, Lord Cutts ; after the same.

William, Earl of Cadogan ; after the same.

John Tillotson, Archbishop of Canterbury ; after the

John, Lord Somers ; after the same.
Sir William Temple ; after the same.
William, Earl of Cadogan ; after La Guerre.
Horace, Lord Walpole ; after Vanloo.
Half-length of the Princess Mary,daughter of George II.
William Shakespeare.
John Milton.
Alexander Pope.
Joseph Addison.
Bichard Steele.

Peter delivered from Prison ; after Berchet.
The Cartoons ; after Raphael.
Christ and His Apostles ; after Baroccio.
Christ restoring Sight to the Blind ; after Laguerre.
The Samaritan Woman ; after the same.
Portrait of the Hon. Mrs. Walpole ; after M. Dahl,
Mary Stuart.

Dorastus and Fannia ; after Berchet.
A Pastoral Landscape.

Simon died in London about 1765.

SIMON, Pierre, a French engraver, bom in
Paris in 1640, is supposed to have been a pupil of
Robert Nanteuil, to whose style his bears great
resemblance. His best plates are his portraits,
some of which are from his own designs. We
have, among others :

Louis XIV. ; after C. Le Brun.

Louis de Bourbon, Prince de Conde ; from his oim

Anne Marie Louise d'Orleans, Ducbesse de Montpensier ;

the same.
Elizabeth Charlotte, Duehesse d'Orleans ; the same.
Charles d'Ailly, Due de Chaulnes ; after La Borde,
Cardinal Kospigliosi ; after C. Maratii.
Federigo Baroccio, Painter.

Among his historical prints we have :

The Martyrdom of St. Cosmus and St. Damianus ; after

S. Rosa.
Moses and the Burning Bush ; after iV. Poussin.

Simon died in Paris in 1710.

SIMON, Pieeee, called tlie Younger, a draughts-
man and engraver in the olialk and dotted manner,
was born in London before 1760. He was early
engaged upon plates for Worlidge's ' Antique
Gems,' and was one of the engravers employed by
Boydell on his Shakspeare gallery, and on other
pictures by contemporary painters. His best work
was done for the Shakspeare gallery ; these are
the plates :

A scene from the ' Tempest ' ; after Fuseli.

' The Merry Wives of Windsor,' two plates, one after

Smirke, and the other after the Rev. W. Peters.
Scene from ' Much Ado about Nothing ' ; after the same.
Scene from ' Measure for Measure ' ; after T. Kirk.
The ' Midsummer Night's Dream ' ; after Fuseli.
Scene from the ' Merchant of Venice ' ; after Smirke.
Scene from ' As You Like It ' ; after W. Hamilton.
Scene from ' Taming of the Shrew '; after F. Wheatley.
Christopher Sly ; after Smirke.




Scene from ' Henry IV. ' ; after B. Westall.
Scene from ' Komeo and Joliet ' ; after W. Miller.

We may also name :

The 'Woodman ; after Gainslorough.

Square discovered by Tom Jones in Molly Seagrim's

bedroom ; after Dowmtmn.
The Sleeping Nymph ; after Opie.
Frances Isabella Ker Gordon ; after Sir J. Reynolds.
The Three Holy Children ; after the Rev. W. Peters.
Bust of Clytie ; after J. B. (Hpriani.
The Fair Emmeliue, and a subject from the ' Vicar of

Wakefield ' ; after Stothard.

Pierre Simon died about 1810.

SIMON DE TROYES, a French miniaturist of the
15th century. He worked for the church of S.
Peter at Troyes, and died in 1450.

SIMONAU, Ebanqois, a painter of the Flemish
Bohool, bom at Bornliem in 1783. He studied at
Bruges, and in Paris, under Gros. He came to
England about 1815, and settled in London, where
he had a good practice as a portrait painter. He
died in London in 1859. There is a portrait by
him in the Museum at Brussels.

SIMONAU, GusTAVB Adolphe, the nephew of
Francois Simonau, was born at Bruges in 1810.
He came to London,where his father was established
as a lithographer. He took up painting, producing
views of towns ia water-colours, and his chief work,
' The principal Gothic Monuments of Europe,' was
lithographed by himself. Later in life he was en-
gaged as an architectural painter in Belgium. He
died at Brussels in 1870.

SIMONE, Antonio di, a Neapolitan painter of
the 18th century. He painted battle-pieces and
landscapes, and occasionally figures in the pictures
of Niccolo Massaro. He mast not be confounded
with another Antonio di Simone, who lived in the
17th century, and was a scholar of Luca Giordano.

SIMONE, Maestro. See Dbgl' Avanzi.

SIMONE DA CUSIGHE, (da Belldno,) sometimes
also called Simone dal Peron, Cusighe and Peron
both being villages near Belluno. Simone died
before 1416, but the date of his birth is unknown.
In 1397 he finished the altar-piece for the high
altar iu the Duomo of Belluno, receiving 440
lire for his work. In the Baptistery at Belluno,
there is an altar-piece in thirteen compartments by
him, formerly in the church of S. MaTtino. The
four lower panels were either added or entirely re-
painted in the 17th century. Another work is :
an altar-piece in the Casa Pagani, once in the
church of Sala. It is in nine panels, the Virgin of
Mercy in the centre, flanked by scenes from the
Life of S. Bartholomew. In the same collection
is a ' S. Anthony Abbot,' enthroned between Saints.
In the parish church at Sala there are some remains
of frescoes by him, and in the Ghiesetta della
Madonna a few small panels in tempera.

SIMONE de' CKOCIFISSI. See Bologna, Simone


SIMONE DI MARTINO. See Martini, Simone.

SIMONE NAPOLITANO, an eariy painter at
Naples, all accounts of whom are, however, obscure
and doubtful. He is supposed to have flourished
about the end of the 14th or first part of the 15th
century, and various pictures at Naples have been
assigned to him, some of which, from the dates
inscribed upon them, have clearly not a common
author. One of these in the church of San Lorenzo
Maggiore is now proved, by an inscription which
it bears, to be the work of a Sienese painter, who
was probably estabUshed at Naples. The following
works at Naples are ascribed to Simone :

The Nobles and Statesmen of the Kingdom lamenting
the Death of King Kobert. {In the nave of *J>'.
S. Louis of France and others at the grave of King

Eobert. 1343. (Refectory of S. Chiara.),
Saint Anthony. 1438. {S. Lorenzo Maggiore.)
S. Louis crowning King Bobert. (<S. Lorenzo Maggiore.)
The Crucifixion, a Triptych. 1412. (/« the IMoino.)
Madonna della Bosa. (S. Domenico Maggiore.)
A Virgin and Child. (S. Domenico Maggiore.)

One Francesco Simone is said to have been his
son and pupil.


SIMONEAU, Charles, an eminent French en-
graver, born at Orleans in 1645, was instructed
by Noel Coypel and Guillaurae Ghasteau. His first
plates were executed with the graver only, in a style
resembling that of Poilly, but he afterwards intro-
duced the point, particularly in the half-tones and
distances. He engraved historical subjects, por-
traits, and vignettes. He was received into the
Academy in 1710, and died in Paris in 1728. His
plates number about one hundred and fifty; among
them we may name :

Henrietta Maria, consort of Charles I.

The Duchess Dowager of Orleans ; after Rigavd.

Ch. Fr. de Brienne, Bishop of Constance ; after Bumee.

3. H. Mansart, Architect to the King ; after de Troy.

George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham.

The Holy Family ; after Raphael.

The Virgin and Child, with S. John ; after the same.

The Adoration of the Shepherds ; after Ann. Carraeci.

Christ and the Woman of Samaria ; after the same.

Hagar and Ishmael ; after Andrea Sacchi.

A Madonna ; after Fra Bartolommeo.

The Stoning of Stephen ; after Ann. Carraeci.

Christ, with Martha and Mary ; after Domenichino.

Christ's Entry into Jerusalem ; after C. Le Bi-un.

Christ bearing His Cross ; after the same.

The Nativity ; after Noel Coypel.

Christ among the Doctors ; after Ant. Coypel.

The Triumph of Galatea ; after the same.

Venus curing the Wound of ^neas ; after C. de la Fosse.

The Journey of Marie de' Medicis ; after Bvhens.

The Conquest of Franche-Comt6 ; after C. Le Brun;
his best print.

SIMONEAU, Louis, the younger brother of
Charles Simoneau, was born at Orleans in 1654.
He appears to have formed his stjle by an imitation
of the works of the Audrans. By combining the
point with the graver, he gave a pleasing variety
to his plates, and his drawing is correct. He died
in Paris in 1727. The following are, perhaps, his
best prints :

Giacinto Serroni, Aichbishop of Albi.

Antoine Amauld ; after Ph. de Champagne.

Antoine le Maitre, Advocate ; after the same.

Martin de Charmois, Councillor ; after Seb. Bourdon.

Susanna and the Elders ; after Ant. Coypel.

Lot and his Daughters ; after the same.

Christ with Martha and Mary ; after the same.

Christ bearing the Cross ; afier Ant. IHeu.

The Elevation of the Cross ; after the same.

The Crucifixion ; after the same.

The Assumption of the Virgin ; after a ceihng by Le

Brun in St. Sulpice.
The Four Times of the Day ; four plates ; after the same.
The Four Seasons ; four plates ; after the same.
The ceiling of the Pavilion of Aurora, in the Jardin de

Soeaux ; in four plates ; after the same.

SIMONEAU, Philippe, the son of Charies Si-
moneau, was instructed by his father. Either from
want of talent or application, he never made much
progress in art. We have the following prints by
him, which do not possess much merit :

The Rape of the Sabines, aud the Peace between the
Eomans and the Sabines ; after the pictures by Giulio





Bomano {? Binaldo Mantovano) in the National

The three Goddesses preparing for the Judgment of

Paris ; after Perino del Vm/a.
Venus and Adonis ; after Albano,

SIMONELLI, Giuseppe, a Neapolitan painter,
born 1649. Originally the servant of Luoa Gior-
dano, he became a successful imitator of his style.
A ' St. Nicholas of Tolentino,' which he painted for
the church of Montesanto, was said to equal the
best work of his master. He died in 1713.

SIMONET, Jean Baptiste, an engraver of con-
siderable merit, was born in Paris in 1742. His
plates are chiefly after Greuze, Moreau,Baudoin, and
Aubry. He engraved ' Rachel hiding her Father's
Idols,' after Pietro da Cortona, for the Orleans
Gallery, the vignettes for an edition of Ovid's
' Metamorphoses,' published by Basan, and illus-
trations for an edition of Racine. Ho died in Paris
ill 1810.

SIMONETTI, DoMENico, (called Maqatta,) a
painter of the Roman school, who flourished in the
18th century. He is mentioned by Lanzi as having
furnished many pictures for churches, especially
for the Suffragio, at Rome.

SIMONINI, Francesco, horn at Parma in 1689,
was a scholar of Ilario Spolverini. He painted
battles, and cavalry skirmishes, which were well
composed, and handled with spirit. He lived at
Venice, where he was still working in 1763.

SIMONIS-EMPIS, Catherine _Edm:^e, Madame,
a French landscape painter, born in 1806. She was
a pupil of Watelet, and died in 1878.

SIMONS, J. B., a Flemish painter, practising
about 1743. He is known by two signed pictures
in the Augustine church at Ghent.

SIMONS, M., a Dutch painter of stilUife, of the
17th century. His works are mostly in America.

SIMPLIOE, a Veronese monk, who was the pupil
of Felice Riocio (Brusasorci). He practised at
Rome, and died in 1654, at a very advanced age.

SIMPOL, Claude de, (or Saint Pol,) a French
historical painter, born at Clamecy, was a pupil of
Boullogne. He was elected into the Academy in
1701, but expelled in 1709, for neglecting to send
in his reception-picture. His ' Christ at the House
of Martha and Mary ' was engraved by Dore and
Tardieu. He died in Paris, October 31, 1716.

SIMPSON, Francis, an English antiquarian
draughtsman, born in 1796. He was Mayor of
Stamford, and practised art as a pastime. He pub-
lished a volume of drawings from fonts, and died
in 1861.

SIMPSON, John, portrait painter, born in Lon-
don in 1782, studied at the Academy schools, and
was for many years assistant to Sir Thomas Law-
rence. In 1834 he went to Lisbon, and was
appointed painter to the Queen of Portugal. He
returned to England, and died in London iu 1847.
In the National Gallery there is a ' Negro's Head '
by him, and at Windsor Castle a portrait of the
Duke of Brunswick.

SIMPSON, Joseph, the elder, practised in the
reign of Queen Anne. According to Lord Orford,
his first employment was to engrave coats of arms
on pewter, but having a turn for drawing, he found
access to a society of Artists, witli wliom he studied
the figure. He was afterwards employed by Tille-
inans to engrave his picture of Newmarket. To
this plate he affixed his name. He also engraved
after Monamy, Vandevelde, Wootton, and Wyck.
He lived about the year 1710.


SIMPSON, Joseph, the younger, was the son of
Joseph Simpson, and died young, in the year 1736.
He engraved a plate of a ' Holy Family, with S.
John, S. Sebastian, and several Angels,' after
Filippo Lauri, dated 1728, and a ' Charles I.,' after

SIMPSON, Matthew, painter, taught drawing
to the children of Charles I., and settled later in
Sweden. He has left a miniature of the King,
signed M. iS-

SIMPSON, Philip, an English subject painter,
the son of John Simpson the portrait painter, prac-
tised in the early part of the 19th century. He
studied in the schools of the Academy, where he
exhibited up to 1836. There is in the Kensington
Museum a picture, 'I will fight,' by him.

SIMPSON, William, an English engraver,
working in 1635. He was chiefly employed by the
booksellers, and, among other things, engraved the
plates for Quarles' ' Emblems.'

SIMSON, George, a Scotch portrait painter, bom
at Dundee in 1791. When young, he worked as a
printer, and did not devote himself to art till he
was thirty. He became a member of the Scottish
Academy, with whom his works were exhibited.
He died at Edinburgh in 1862.

SIMSON, William, painter, born at Dundee in
1800, was educated at the Trustees' Academy in
Edinburgh, and painted at first coast and river
scenes. In 1830 he was elected a Member of the
Royal Scottish Academy. After a stay of three years
in Italy, he settled in 1838 in London, where he

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 131 of 201)