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Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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of liis birth is not_ clearly ascertained. He was a

pupil of Bartolozzi, and was one of the ena-ravers

606



employed by Boydell on his 'Shakspeare Gallery,'
some of the best plates in which are by him. He
engraved chiefly after contemporary painters.
Among his works are the following :

Christ healing the Sick ; after B. West.

St. Peter's first Sermon ; after the same.

An Allegory of Providence ; after J. F. Rigand.

An Allegory of Innocence ; after tlie same.

Sigismuuda ; after Hogarth.

Bacchus ; after Sir J. Reynolds.

Shakspeare nursed by Tragedy and Comedy, and

The Infant Shakspeare attended by Nature and the

Passions ; both after Romney.
An equestrian Portrait of George III. ; after Beechey.
The Portrait of Napoleon ; after Appiani.
William Hogarth and his Dog ; after Hogarth.
The Marquis Comwallis ; after Copley.
The Annual Ceremony of Administering the Oath of

Allegiance to the Lord Mayor elect, &c.
Scene from ' Eichard II.' ; after Mather Brown.

Smith died in 1833.

SMITH, Charles, portrait painter, native of the
Orkneys, studied in London. In 1793 he resided
in Edinburgh, and exhibited a ' Nymph ' and an
' Infant Bacchus,' and the same year went to
India, where he was appointed painter to the
Great Mogul. In 1796 he returned to London,
and exhibited an ' Andromeda,' a ' Cymon and
Iphigenia,' and other works. In 1802 ho published
a musical entertainment, in two acts, called a ' Trip
to Bengal.' He etched his own portrait. He died
at Leilh in 1824.

SMITH, Chaeles John, an engraver, was bom
at Chelsea in 1803. He was the son of an eminent
surgeon, resident there for many years. He was
instructed in the art of engraving by Charles Pye.
He became skilful in his profession, and was ex-
tensively employed in the best antiquarian and
topographical publications of the time. Among
these are Stothard's 'Sepulchral Effigies,' Cart-
wright's ' Rape of Bramber,' Murray's ' lUustrations
of Johnson,' Dibdin's ' English Tour,' and others,
some of which were published privately. In 1828
he engraved a series of facsimile autographs of
illustrious persons from the reign of Richard II.
to that of Charles II., to which biographies were
furnished by John Gough Nichols, F.S.A. At the
time of his death he was engaged in a work en-
titled ' Historical and Literary Curiosities,' of which
six numbers were published ; the two required to
complete it were left unfinished. He was a fellow
of the Society of Antiquaries. His death occurred
in 1838.

SMITH, CoLviN, born at Brechin in 1795,
studied in the schools of the Royal Acadeuiy in
London. He went to Italy and Belgiuhi, returned
to Scotland, and settled in Edinburgh. He executed
many portraits, among which one of Sir Walter
Scott became so popular that he is said to have
repeated it more than twenty times. He died in
1875. Works :

Edinburgh. Nat. Gallery. Portrait of Lord Melville.
„ „ Portrait of Sir Ralph Aber-

cromby
„ „ Portrait of Sir James Mac-

kintosh.
Glasgow. Oallery. Portrait of Lord Jeffrey.

London. Nat. Port. Gall. Portrait of Sir Walter
Scott.

SMITH, CoNSTANTiN Louis Felix, painter, was
born in Paris, November 18, 1788. He was a pupil
of David and of Girodet, and studied at the Ecole
des Beaux Arts. He exhibited at the Salon from



Smith



PAINTERS AND ENGRAVERS.



Smith



1817, and his best known works are to be found in
the following galleries :

Amiens. Museum. Andromache at Hector's

Tomb.
Nismes. „ AthaliaVs Dream.

Orleans. „ An Italian Landscape.

Versailles. GaZlery, Amerigo Vespucci.

J, „ Louisa of Savoy, Duchess of

AngoulSme.
„ „ Mary Adelaide of Savoy,

Duchess of Burgundy.

His portrait of the Regent Philip of Orleans
was destroyed in the pillage of the Palais Royal
in 1848.

SMITH, Edward, an English engraver, who
practised early in the 19th century. He engraved
'Puck,' after Sir J. Reynolds, 'The Piper' and
' Guess my Name,' after Wilkie, and ' The Contadini
Family Prisoners,' after Eastlake. He was engaged
on Finden's ' Royal Gallery.'

SMITH, Emma, water-colour painter, born about
1787, was the daughter of John Raphael Smith.
She was a member of the short^Kved Society of
Associated Artists in Water-colours, and in 1805
exhibited ' Hector taking Leave of Andromache '
at the Royal Academj'.

SMITH, Francis, a landscape painter, whose
name appears in some of the earlier catalogues of
the Royal Academy, is said to have been born in
Italy. He travelled in the East with Lord Balti-
more. In 1770 he exhibited Views of Naples and
Constantinople; two years afterwards a 'View
of Naples,' an ' Eruption of Vesuvius,' and an ' Old
Temple near Pozzuoli ' ; and the following year
views of London and Westminster Bridges, taken
from the bottom of Arundel Street, Strand. There
are some prints after drawings by him of Turkish
costumes and ceremonies in the seraglio. He died
about 1779.

SMITH, Frederick Coke, water-colour painter,
was born early in the present century. He visited
Turkey, and in 1836 completed a series of sketches
of Constantinople, which were lithographed by J.
F. Lewis. He subsequently published a set of
sketches made in Canada. His works show great
facility, but lack finish. He died in 1839.

SMITH, Gabriel, engraver, born in London in
1724. Having learned to use the burin he went to
Paris, where he acquired the chalk method ; and on
his return to England began to practise it, with the
assistance of Ryland, with some success. His
best plates were executed for Boydell. We may
name the following :

The Blincl leading the Blind ; after Tintoretto.
Tobit with the Fish ; after Sal. Rosa.
The Queen of Sheba's visit to Solomon ; after Le Sueur.
A Bear-hunt ; after ~



He died in 1783.

SMITH, George, known as Smith of Chichester,
was the son of a man who combined the trades of
baker and cooper with the calling of a baptist
minister. He was born at Chichester in 1714, and
with his brothers studied art by painting the scenery
in the neighbourhood. His mature works were
feeble imitations of Claude and Poussin, but were
fortunate enough to be engraved by Woollett and
others, and to win a prize from the Society of Arts
over the head of Richard Wilson. With his brother
John he published fifty-tliree s:nall etchings from
their own landscapes. Smith was a good musician,
frequently performing at concerts, and a poet of
some taste. He died in 1776.



SMITH, George, painter, bom in London in
1802, was brought up as an upholsterer, but on
coming of age resolved to be an artist, and entered
the Academy Schools. He made such progress
that in 1829 he won the gold medal, and was
sent to Rome in the following year. He returned
to England in 1833, and practised in London, but
his works did not meet with the recognition they
deserved ; and discouraged by his want of success,
he fell into illrhealth, and died October 15, 1838.
At South Kensington there is by him, ' Scipio
Africanus receiving his son from the Ambassadors
of Antiochus.'

SMITH, Herbert Luther, painter, born in 1811,
was the younger brother of Frederick William
Smith, the sculptor, and a student of the Royal
Academy. He exhibited portraits in 1831 and
1832, and, later, various historical subjects. He
was much employed by the Queen as a copyist.
He died March 13, 1870.

SMITH, Jacob, an obscure English engraver,
who flourished about the year 1730. Among other
prints he engraved the portraits of Sir Isaac New-
ton and Sir Hans Sloane, on one plate. The work
is carried out in a single spiral line, like Mellan's
' Sudarium of St. Veronica.'

SMITH, Jan, a Dutch painter of the 17th century,
painted a portrait of Adam van Vianen, which was
engraved by Theodore van Kessel.

SMITH, J. Catterson, painter, born at Shipton
in Yorkshire, in 1806, studied in the Academy
schools in London, and occasionally exhibited at
the Royal Academy ; but about 1839 he went to
Ireland, settled for a time in Londonderry, and
afterwards in Dublin, where he became the most
fashionable portrait painter of the day. He was
a member of the Royal Hibernian Academy, and
ill 1859 was elected president, a distinction which
he resigned in 1866. He died in Dublin, May 31,
1872. Works :
Dublin. National Gallery. Portrait of himself.

„ „ Portrait of W. Dargan.

„ Mansion House. Portrait of Queen Victoria.

„ City Hall. Portrait of Daniel O'Conuell.

,j ' Castle. Portraits of several Viceroys.

London. Smith Kensington 1 portrait of Lord Dungannon.
Museum. j

SMITH, J. John, landscape painter, born in
London about 1775. He exhibited occasionally at
the Academy from 1813 to 1821, and etched a few
plates of village scenes.

SMITH, John, landscape painter, born at Chi-
chester in 1717, was younger brother to Smith of
Chichester, to whom he was inferior as an artist.
He died at Chichester in 1764.

SMITH, John, born at Daventry in 1652, son of
an engraver, is considered the best mezzotint en-
graver of bis time. He is said to have served an
apprenticeship to one Tillet, a painter in Moorfields.
As soon as he became his own master, lie learned
the art of mezzotint scraping from Isaac Becket,
and received further instruction in it from J. Van
der Vaart. Sir Godfrey Kneller having seen some
of his performances, took him into his employment,
and engaged him to engrave many of his portraits,
which are the best of his works. The dates on
his plates range from 1679 to 1727. He died at
Northampton in 1742. His portrait by Kneller is
in the National Gallery. His prints are very
numerous ; among them are the following :

Charles II. with the Star.

James, Duke of York, leaning on an Anchor.

The Duke of Schomberg on Horseback.

607



Smith



A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OP



Smith



Meinhard, his Son, when Duke of Leinster.
■William III. | Queen Mary II.
George, Prince of Denmark ; an oval.
Queen Anne, when Princess of Denmark.
John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough.
John, Duke of Buckingham.
Charles Sackvllle, Earl of Dorset.
Charles, Earl of Halifax.
Arnold, Earl of Albemarle.
William, Earl of Jersey.
Catherine, Duchess of Eutland.
Frances Bennet, Countess of Salisbury.
Mary Somerset, Duchess of Ormond, with a black Boy.
Henrietta, Duchess of Bolton.
Sir Eichard Steele. Joseph Addison.
Alexander Pope. William Congreve.

John Locke. Sir Godfrey Kneller.

Sir Christopher "Wren. 1713.
Lord Euston ; whole length. 1689.
His own portrait ; from the picture in the National
Gallery.

(All the above are after Kneller)

Queen Mary II. with a high head-dress ; after Van Her

Vaxirt.
James Fitzroy, Duke of Monmouth ; after Wissing.
Godfried Schalcken ; after a picture by himself. ,
Charles XII. ; aftm- D. Craft. 1701-2.-
William, Duke of Gloucester, and Benj. Bathurst ; after

T. Murray.
Thomas Murray, Pictor ; au oval.
W. Wycherley ; after Sir P. Lehj.
Gulielmus Cowper, Chyrurgus ; after J. Closterman.
The Loves of the Gods, ten Plates ; after Titian.
Venus standing in a Shell ; after Co7-reggio.
Cupid and Psyche ; after A. Veronese.
Tarquin and Lucretia ; after the same.
Time conquering Love ; after S. Vouet.
Venus and Adonis ; after N. Poussin.
The Virgin and infant Christ ; after F. Baroccio.
The Holy Family ; after C. Maratti.
A Woman asleep near a Light ; after G. Schalcken.
The Story of Actaion, small figures ; after P. Berchet.
M. Magdalene ; after G. Schalcken.
The Angel and Tobit ; after Elsheimer.

SMITH, John, known as Warwick Smith, was
born at Irthington, Cumberland, in 1749. He was
one of the early draughtsmen in water-colours. He
accompanied Lord Warwick to Italy, where he made
sketches. His Italian drawings date from 1786
to 1795, and show a vast development of style.
Eight of them are in the South Kensington Museum.
He was President of the Water-Colour Society in
1816. He died in London in 1831.

SMITH, John Obrin, an English wood-engraver,
born at Colchester in 1799. Intended for an archi-
tect, he preferred engraving, and in 1824 became a
pupil of W. Harvey- He was much employed in
book-illustration. He died in 1843. Amongst the
works for which he made woodcuts were :

The Kenny-Meadows Edition of Shakespeare.

Paul and Virginia. 1835.

Herder's ' Cid,' Stiittgart. 1839.



Scott's Bible.

La Fontaine's Fables.

Beranger's Songs.



The Solace of Song. 1837.
Cowper's Poems. 1841.
The Arabian Nights. 1841.

SMITH, John Raphael, painter and mezzotint
engraver, was the son of Thomas Smith of Derby,
the landscape painter, and was born in the year
1762. He commenced life as a shopman in Derby,
but came early to London. It is not known by
whom he was taught mezzotint and crayon draw-
ing, but he became eminent in both. His plates
only amount to about one hundred and fifty. He
led a life of business and pleasure, the latter pre-
dominating, and he lost the advantages fortune
placed in his way. He had a good heart, encouraged
merit in others, assisted George Morland,made the
world acquainted with Chantrey's abilities, gave his

608



advice kindly and generously to all artists who
consulted him, and was no man's enemy but his
own. At one time he travelled as an itinerant
portrait painter ; he also painted figure subjects in
a style between those of Morland and Wheatley.
Among bis pupils were William Hilton and Peter
de Wint. For the last three years of his life
he resided at Doncaster, where he died in 1812,
in his 60th year. Among his best plates are the
following :

The Duke of Devonshire.

William Markham, Archbishop of York.

Eichard Eobinson, Archbishop of Armagh.

Joseph Dean Bourke, Archbishop of Tuam.

Lady Beatmaont.

Lady Caroline Montague, daughter of the Duke of

Buccleuch.
Mrs. Montague.

The Marchioness of Thomond, when Miss Palmer.
Lady Gertrude Fitzpatrick, daughter of the Earl of

Upper-Ossory.
Lady Catherine Pelham Clinton.
Master Crewe, as Henry VIII.
Master Herbert, as the young Bacchus.
Lieutenant-Colonel Tarleton.
Mrs. Musters.

Lieutenant-General Sir William Boothby.
Louis Philippe, Duke of Orleans (Egalit6).
The Student.
The Calling of Samuel.

(The above are all after Reynolds.)

Vice- Admiral Sir Hyde Parker ; after Ufarthcote.

Miss Coghlan ; after Gainsborough.

Mrs. Siddons, as the Grecian Daughter ; after Lawrence.

Edw. Wortley-Montagu, as au Oriental ; after Peters.

George IV. when Prince of Wales ; after Gainsborough.

Marie- Antoinette, Queen of France.

William, Duke of Portland ; after West.

Friedrich, Prince of Hesse-Cassel ; after Rusca.

Admiral Lord Duncan ; after Danloux.

Martin Eyckaert ; after Van Dyck.

Woodward, as Petrnohio ; after Van der Gucht.

Four crayon portraits by Raphael Smith are in the
South Kensington Museum.

SMITH, JoHK Thomas, engraver and writer, was
bom in 1766. His father, Nathaniel, had been a
pupil of Roubilliac, and had formed an early friend-
ship with the younger NoUekens. At the age of
thirteen John Thomas Smith was introduced to
the studio of NoUekens, to whom bis father
was then principal assistant. Here he had much
practice in drawing, and after three years became
a student of the Royal Academy. Having shown
much ability by some drawings in imitation of
Rembrandt and Ostade, he became the pupil of
Sherwin the engraver. After leaving Sherwin he
practised as a drawing-master, but in 1791 he com-
menced his first independent work, ' The Antiquities
of London and its Environs,' which be completed in
1800, the whole consisting of ninety-six plates in
imperial quarto. He next published ' Antiquities
of Westminster,' illustrated with two hundred and
forty-six engravings from subjects the greater part
of which no longer exist, to which he afterwards
added a Supplement. These works were followed
by ' Ancient Topography of London,' completed
in 1816, which contains thirty-two plates boldly
etched in a style like that of Piranesi. In 1816
Smith was appointed Keeper of the Prints in the
British Museum. In that situation he found leisure
to publish ' Vagabondiana, or Anecdotes of Men-
dicant Wanderers through the Streets of London,'
which he illustrated with etchings of remarkable
beggars and other notorieties. His last publication
was ' NoUekens and his Times.' His ' Book for a



Smith



PAINTERS AND ENGRAVERS.



Snayers



Rainy Day ' appeared after his death. He died in
London, after a short illness, in 1833.

SMITH, JosEi'H Clarendon, water-colour painter
and engraver, was born in London in 1778. His
father, a builder, left his son without provision, and
the boy was accordingly sent to sea. After three
years' service he gained admission to Christ's
Hospital School to study navigation. Here he
showed an inclination for art, which led to his
being apprenticed to an engraver, under whom he
worked creditably, but afterwards meeting with
little recognition he began to practise water-
colour, and with more success. He exhibited
topographical subjects at the Academy from 1806
onwards. His best work as an engraver is to be
found in Weld's ' Topography of Killarney.' At-
tacked by lung disease he was ordered to Madeira,
and died on the return voyage in August, 1810.
Two examples of his work are at South Kensington.

SMITH, Samuel, engraver, bom in London about
1745, practised in landscape, and completed some
good plates, such as ' The Finding of Moses,' after
Zuccarelli, and a ' Niobe,' after Wilson.

SMITH, Samuel S., an English engraver, born
in 1810. He worked much for the 'Art Journal.'
He died at St. John's Wood in 1879. Amongst his
best plates are :

The Carrara Family ; after Eastlake.
St. Agues j after Domenichino.

SMITH, Thomas, an ingenious English land-
scape painter, who resided chiefly at Derby, and
was usually styled Smith of Derby, to distinguish
him from the other artist of the same name who
practised at Chichester. Without the help of a
master he reached an eminent rank in his profes-
sion, and was one of the first of English artists to
explore and display the charming scenery of his
native country. He painted many picturesque
views in the Peak ; forty of these, engraved
by Vivares, were published, collectively, by Boy-
dell in 1760. Other views were engraved by
Mason and Elliot. Smith also painted some sport-
ing subjects. He died at the Hot Wells, Bristol,
in 1769.

SMITH, Thomas Correggio, miniature painter,
the eldest son of Smith of Derby, was brought
up to his father's profession, for which, how-
ever, he seems to have had very little aptitude.
He exhibited miniatures and small portrait draw-
ings of a very mediocre stamp at the Academy
from 1785-1788. He settled at Uttoxeter, where
he died early in the 19th century.

SMITH, T'oM, engraver, was a pupil of Charles
Grignon, and executed some plates jointly with C.
White. He became independent of his profession
through coming into a fortune. On this account
he was known among his companions as 'Squire
Smith.' He died of fever when still a young man,
in 1785.

SMITH, William, bom at Guildford in 1707,
devoted himself to portraiture, but later tried
landscape, and afterwards fruit and flowers. He
was the eldest brother of Smith of Chichester.
He died at Shopviryke, near Chichester, in 1764.

SMITH, William Collingwood, an English
water-colour painter and popular teacher, was born
in 1815. In 1843 he was elected an associate, and
in 1849 a member of the Society of Painters in
Water-Colours. His work was distinguished by
breadth and delicacy rather than by strength.
Many of his subjects were taken from Roman re-



mains in Italy and elsewhere. Two of his drawings
are in the Soutli Kensington Museum. He died in
1887, and a small collection of his works was ex-
hibited the following winter in the Gallery of the
Royal Society of Painters in Water-Colours.

SMITS, Fbans Marcus, a Flemish painter', bom
at Antwerp in 1760. In 1779 he was studying at
the Academy at Antwerp. He was also a pupil of
A. de Quertemont. He died at the Hospital of
S. Elizabeth in 1833, after a life of much privation
and poverty. At Antwerp there is a portrait of
the painter Herreyns by him. He also painted a
good portrait of Ommeganck.

SMITS, LUDOLP, (or LuDEWTK,) called Hakt-
CAMP, was born at Dort in 1635, and acquired some
reputation as a painter of flowers and fruit, but his
impasto was so thin that his works are now almost
obliterated. He was still living at Dort in 1676.

SMITS, Nicholas, a native of Breda, and born
about the year 1672, is mentioned as a good
painter of historical subjects. It is said that he
died in 1731, but the Dutch writers seem to know
little or nothing ef his history. His works are
few.

SMITZ, Caspar, (Smits,) a Dutch painter, who
came to England soon after the Restoration, and
who, from painting a great number of Magdalenes,
was called ' Magdalene Smith.' He visited Ireland,
where he painted small portraits in oil, at high
prices. His flower and fruit pieces were good.
In his Magdalenes he generally introduced a
thistle in the fore-ground. He died poor at Dublin
in 1707. He engraved three mezzotints, a portrait,
a ' Magdalene in a Grotto,' and a. ' Hagar in the
Wilderness.'

SMUGLEWICZ, LuciAN, painter, flourished at
the end of the 18th century at Warsaw. He painted
some frescoes in the Castle and Dominican Church
at Lancut, in Galicia. He was the pupil of his
father, one Lucas Smuglewicz.

SMYTERS, (or De Smytere.) See De Heere.

SMYTH, John Talfourd, engraver, born at
Edinburgh in 1819, studied under Sir W. Allan
and at the Trustees' Academy, though he was
chiefly self taught. In 1838 he went to Glasgow,
but returned to Edinburgh, where he died in 1851.
His chief engravings are :

Knox distributing the Lord's Sapper ; after JVilkie.
Tartars dividing their Booty ; after Allan,.
The Last in ; ^ter Mulready.

SNAPHAAN. See Schnaphan.

SNAYERS, Hendrik, (SNYERS,) a Flemish
engraver, born at Antwerp about the year 1612. It
is not ascertained from whom he learned his art of
engraving, but he imitated the style of Scheltius a
Bolswert with considerable success. His drawing
is tolerably correct, and his prints exhibit much
of the character of the masters after whom he
worked. We have, among others, by him,

Portrait of Prince Eupert ; after Vandyck.

Adam Yan Noort ; after jordaens.

The Virgin seated upon a step, surrounded by several

Saints ; aftfr Huhens.
The Fathers of the Church ; after the same.
The Death of St. Francis ; after the same.

He also engraved some plates from Titian and
other masters, and a few portraits. He signed his
engravings Heinrich Snyers and H. Snyers.

SNAYERS, Pieter, bom at Antwerp in 1593,
was a scholar of Sebastian Vrancx. Although
he painted history and portraits with considerable
success, he distinguished himself more by his

509



Snellaert



A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF



Snyers



battles and landscapes. He was patronized by the
Archduke Albert, who appointed Mm his painter,
and sent several of his pictures to Spain ; which
brought him many commissions from the Spanish
court, Vandyck painted the portrait of Snayers
among the eminent artists of his time. He was
still living- in 1669. There are pictures by him in
many public Galleries, including sixteen at Madrid.
There ia a good 'Cavalry Skirmish' at Dulwich,
and a fine ' Battle of the Forty ' at Hampton Court.
SNELLAERT, Jan, a Flemish painter of the
15th century, who is recorded as working in Ant-
werp from 1453 to 1480, and who is discovered, by
recent researches, to have received the freedom of
the city in 1484. He is looked upon as the founder
of the Antwerp school, and must have been a
painter of considerable distinction, to judge from
the prominent position he took in civic and artistic
matters. He was appointed painter to Mary of
Burgundy, and Kramm surmises that he may have
been the author of the paintings in the ancient
chapel of the Dukes of Burgundy at Antwerp.
Jointly with his friend Jan Scoermoke, he was the
first Dean of St. Luke, at Antwerp.

SNELLAERT, Nicholas, painter, the son of
Willem Snellaert, practised at Courtrai in the
second half of the 16th century. The dates of
his birth and death have been given as 1542 and
1602 respectively, but have not been satisfactorily
established. He was a pupil of Charles d'Ypres,
and passed the greater part of his life in Holland.
He helped his master with a large 'Last Judg-
ment,' for the village of Hooglede, and is said to
have died at Dordrecht.

SNELLAERT, Willem, a Flemish painter, who
flourished at Courtrai about 1560, and is mentioned
by Van Mander as the first master of Pieter Vlerick.
SNELLINCK, Jan, (SNELLINCKX,) was born
at Mechlin in 1544, according to his epitaph. It is
not known by whom he was taught, but Karel



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