Michael Bryan.

Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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View of Montserrat ; after Vernet.

The Fishermen ; after the same.

La Cuisine ambulant des Matelots ; after the same.

The Cascade of Tivoli ; after La Croix.

View of Pozzuoli ; after the same.

The Village Blacksmith ; after Berchem.

A Landscape, with a Shepherd watching his Flock;
after jRaisdael.

Abraham sending away Hagar ; after Dietrich.

The Shepherdess of the Alps ; after Auhry.

The Dangerous Bncouuter ; after jBaudouin.

The Judge, or the Broken Pitcher; after Debiicmirt.

The Curious Lover ; after Loutherhoury .

The Pet Lamb ; after the same.

LEVECQ, Jakob, (or Lavecq,) a Dutch portrait
painter, was born at Dordrecht about 1624. He
was a pupil of Rembrandt, and a most successful
imitator of his style, for portraits by him have
passed as genuine works of Rembrandt. He visited
France, and afterwards painted in the style of De
Baan. In 1655 he became a member of the artists'
guild in his native town, where he died in 1674.
The Duke of Leinster possesses a ' Portrait of a
Young Man,' Joy him, dated 1654.

LBVEILLE, PiEBRU, a French engraver, was a
native of Orleans, and a pupil of Janinet. His
best plates are ' Le Charlatan ' and ' Le Bascule,'
after Borel, engraved in 1785.

LEVESQUE, PiBREE Chaeles, a French etcher
and writer, was born in Paris in 1736, and died in
1812. He is perhaps better known for his share
in the publication of the ' Dictionnaire des Arts de
Peinture, Sculpture et Gravure,' 1792, begun by
M. Watelet, than by his works as an engraver.
There are, however, several plates by him which
possess considerable merit. Among them are the
following :


Louis Philippeaux, Duke de<>La Vrilliere ; after Van Loo.
Michel Frauijois Sedaine ; after J. L. David.
Jean Causeur, aged 130 years ; after Caffieri.


The Conquest of Erigone ; after Deshayes.
Augustus embellishing Rome ; after Saint-AuUn.
Venus and Cupid ; after Pierre. 1770.
Cupid sharpening his arrows ; after Gazes.
Sleeping and 'Waking ; two prints ; after Boucher. 1765.
The Dutch Toilet ; after Metsu.
Lot and his Daughters ; after Diepenbeeck.
Jupiter and Danae ; after De Troy. {Begun iy DaulU,
and finished by Levesque.)

LEVIEUX, Renaud, a French painter and etcher,
was born at Nimes, about 1626, and died after
1698. He was the son of a goldsmith, and after
having learned the elements of drawing in his
native city, he studied in Italy. His only etching,
is a ' Ploly Familj-.' Among his paintings, besides
several portraits, are:

Aix. St. Jean de Malte. St. Bruno. 1665.

„ Madeleine. The Visitation.

Nimes. Cathedral. Christ at Emmaus.

Paris. Louvre. The Arrest of John the Baptist.


LB VILLAIN, GitRAED R^nk, a French line
engraver, was born in Paris in- 1740, and died
there in 1812. His best works are ' La Jeunesse
studieuse ' and ' La Jeunesse laborieuse,' after
Grimoux, and 'Repentir tardif,' after Lavreince.
He also engraved plates for the ' Galerie de
Florence,' ' Galerie du Palais-Royal,' and ' Musee

historical and portrait painter, was born at Ifs in
Calvados in 1668. He was a pupil of the Carmelite
monk Lucas de La Haye, and of Bon de BouUongne.
In 1702 he was received into the Academy as a
painter of portraits, upon those of Mosnier and
Michel Corneille, now in the Bcole des Beaux-Arts
and at Versailles ; and in 1716 as a painter of
history, his reception work being ' Dibutade
drawing by the light of a lamp the Portrait of
her Lover,' which is now in the Louvre. He died
at Caen in 1752.

LEVYN, Ceuyl, (or Livius,) was bom at Ghent
in 1640. He was an ecclesiastic who visited Rome,
and there designed antique and modem build-
ings, and adorned them with figures, many of
which he etched in a spirited manner. He was
living in 1684. Among his etchings are views of
the Pantheon and of St. Peter's.

LEWIN, William, was an amateur, who in 1789
published, with plates drawn and engraved by
himself, seven quarto volumes of the ' Birds of
Great Britain,' followed in 1795 by the ' Insects of
Great Britain.'

LEWIS, Charles, a still-life painter, was bom
at Gloucester in 1753. In early life he decorated
japanned tea-trays, and then went on the stage.
After a visit to Holland in 1781, he practised his
art, painting birds and fruit, in London and in
Scotland successively. He died at Edinburgh in

LEWIS, Charles Geoegb, an etcher and en-
graver in line and mezzotint, was born in 1808 at
Enfield, Middlesex. He was the son and pupil
of Frederick Christian Lewis, and a brother of
John Frederick Lewis, R.A. He died in 1880, at
Felpham, near Bognor. Many of his better known
works are after the paintings of Sir Edwin Land-
seer, and the more important of them are included
in the following list :

Hawking in the Olden Time ; after Sir Edioin Landseer.

The Cat's Paw ; after the same.

Islay, Macaw, and Love Birds ; aft&r the same.

Breeze ; after the same.

Shoeing ; after the same.

The Otter Hunt ; after the same.

The Wood-Cutter ; after the same.

The Peregrine Falcon, and the Hawk ; a pair ; after

the same.
Collie Dogs ; after the same.
The Bandom Shot ; after the same.
Sleeping Bloodhound ; after the same.
Hunters at Grass ; after lAe same.




The Sanctuary ; after the same.

A Grand Hart ; after the same.

The Mothers ; a set of eight etchings ; after the same.

A Cover Hack ; after the same.

The ■Waterloo Banquet ; after J. P. Kniyht.

The Allied Generals before Sebastopol; after T. J.

The Melton Breakfast ; after Sir Francis Grant.
Eobinson Crusoe reading the Bible to his man Friday ;

after A. Fraser.
Asking a Blessing ; after the same.
The Village Festival ; after &'ir David Willde.
The Card-Players ; after the same.
Interior of a Highland Cottage ; after J. F. Lewis.
Bay of Spezzia ; after Bonington.
Sea-Shore ; after the same.
Sunset ; after the same.
Picking out the Lambs ; after Ansdell.
Sheep-Shearing ; after the same.
Highland Larder ; after F. Tayler.
Morning in the Highlands ; aftm- Rosa Bonheur.
The Raid ; after the same.

LEWIS, Frederick Christian, an English en-
graver and landscape painter, was born in London
in 1779. His instruction was derived from Stadler,
a German engraver, and in the schools of the
Royal Academy. The first work on which he was
engaged was Ottley's ' Italian School of Design '
(1823), and for some years he engraved in the
stipple manner many of Lawrence's portraits. But
he did not neglect original work, for he sketched
much from nature about Enfield and in Devon-
shire, exhibiting landscapes at the Watei-Colour
Society, the British Institution, and the Royal
Academy. He was engrarer to George IV.,
William IV., and Queen Victoria. He died at
Enfield in 1866. Amongst his best plates are :

The Calmady Children ; after Sir Thomas Lawrence.

Mrs. John Fairlie ; after the same.

■William IV. ; after the same. .

Elizabeth, Duchess of Devonshire ; after the same.

Cardinal Oonsalvi ; after the same.

The Countess of Blessington ; after Sir Edwin Landseer.

Cottage Industry ; after the same.

Queen Victoria ; after Winterhalter.

Market Gardeners ; after Witherington.

The Works of Mercy ; eight plates in aquatint ; after
As specimens of his work with the brush, mention
should be made of :

Three Views of Berry Pomeroy Castle. {Smith Ken-
sington Museum.)

Two Views of Oxford. (The same.)

View on the Tamar. (Oil.) (Wolmm Abbey.)

Budsleigh. (Oil.) (The same.)

Amongst the works he illustrated and engraved

'Picturesque Scenery of the Dart.' 1821.

' Scenery of the Kivers Tamar and Tavy.' 1823.

' The Scenery of the River Exe.' 1827.

Salviati's ' Mondo rovesciato.' 1822.

' Scenery on the Devonshire Rivers.' 1841-43.

' Scenery of the Rivers of England and ■Wales.' 1845-47.

' Liber Studiorum of Claude Lorrain.' 1840.

' Imitations of Sir T. Lawrence's Drawings.' 1840.

LEWIS, George Robert, a portrait, subject,
and landscape painter, was born in London in
1782. He studied in the schools of the Royal
Academy, where he was a pupil of Fuseli. In
1818 he accompanied Dibdin through France and
Germany, furnishing the illustrations for the
'Bibliographical Tour' and the 'Bibliographical
Decameron.' He exhibited at the Royal Academy
from 1820 to 1869, and obtained a good practice
as a portrait painter. He died at Hampstead in
1871. Several works were published by him,
illustrated by himself ; amongst them are :
E 2

' Muscles of the Human Frame.' 1820.

' Illustrations of Kilpeck Church.' 1842.

' Early Fonts of England.' 1843.

' British Forest Trees.'

' Description of Shobdon Church.' 1856.

LEWIS, John Frederick, a painter of Italian,
Spanish, and Oriental subjects, in oil and water-
colours, was born in London in 1805. He was the
eldest son of FrederickChristianLewis,the engraver,
from whom he received his first instruction in art.
His earliest efforts were in animal painting, and he
exhibited at the British Institution from 1820, and
at the Royal Academy from 1821. Devoting him-
self chiefly to water-colours, he became an Associate
of the Old Water-Colour Society in 1827, and a full
member in 1830. In 1832 he went to Spain, and
did not return to England until 1834: this visit
caused a complete change in the current of his
art. The Carlist War furnished him with many
subjects, and he also made a large number of
studies of the works of the great masters, which
were purchased by the Scottish Academy. In
1843 he went to Egypt, and remained several years
in the East. This sojourn turned his attention to
Oriental subjects, which inspired some of his best
works. On his return to England in 1851 he
married, and settled at Walton-on-Thames. In
1855 he succeeded Copley Fielding as President of
the Society of Painters in Water-Colours, but did
not long hold the office. He resumed oil-painting,
and was elected an Associate of the Royal Academy
in 1859, and an Academician in 1865. He died at
Walton-on-Thames in 1876. Amongst his chief
works are :

Monks preaching at Seville. 1835.
A Bull-Fight at Seville. 1836.
A Christino Spy. 1837.
Easter Day at Rome. 1841.
Interior of a Hareem. 1851.

Halt in the Desert. 1853. (South Kensington Museum..)
A Frank Bncaaipment ia the Desert of Mount Sinai.

The Greeting in the Desert, Egypt. 1856.
A Kibab Shop, Scutari. 1858. ,
■Waiting for the Ferry-Boat, Upper Egypt. 1859.
A Bedouin Sheikh. 186i:

Door of a Caf6 at Cairo. 1866. (Soyal Academy.)
The Prayer of Faith shall save the Sick. 1872.

LEWIS, William, an amateur landscape painter,
and brother of Frederick Christian Lewis, exhibited
at the Royal Academy from 1815 to 1838. There
is a ' View of Raby Castle ' by him in the South
Kensington Museum.

LEXMOND, Jan van, was born at Dordrecht in
1769, and was a pupil of A. and J. van Strey. He
executed some views of towns, though he was
mostly employed as a teacher. He died at Dor-
drecht in 1838.

LEYBOLD, Johann Friedrioh, an engraver and
miniature painter, was born at Stuttgart in 1755.
He was instructed in design by the court sculptor
Bauer, and began to paint at the Karlsschule under
Guibal in 1772, and to engrave under G. von Miiller
in 1776. He went to Coburg in 1797, and to
Vienna in 1798, where he brought himself into
notice by his miniature paintings. He died at
Vienna in 1838. His best plates are :

The Death of Mark Anthony ; after Fiti.

The Death of Papirius ; after Hetsch.

Two plates for Lucan's ' Pharsalia ' ; after Wachter.

Several plates after Fuger's designs for Klopstock's

* MpRRiah '





LEYBOLD, Kael Jakob Theodor, the son of
Johann F. Leybold, was born at Stuttgart in 1786,
and studied under Wiioliter at the Academy at
Vienna. He was in Rome from 1807 to 1815,
after which he returned to Vienna, and in 1821
went to Stuttgart, where he became in 1829 a
professor in the Academy, and in 1842 Inspector
of the Gallery. He died at Stuttgart in 1844. He
distinguished himself as a painter of history and
portraits. His best works are :

Heinrich von Cotta.

Johann Heinrich von Dannecker, the sculptor.

William, King of "Wiirtemberg, and his Consort,Pauline.

Sophia, Queen of the Netherlands.

The Beneficence of Cimon (in oil).

Charon, from a modern Greek myth. (A design.)

LEYDBN, Ghekabd van. See Zyl.
LBYDEN, Lucas van. See Jacobsz.
LEYENDECKER, Mathias, a French portrait
painter, was born at Dernau in Rhenish Prussia in
1822. He studied under Drolling and Winterhalter,
and died in 1871. ' Quail and Larks ' by him is in
the Luxembourg Gallery.

LEYS, Jean Auguste Henei, Baron, a Belgian
historical and genre painter, was born at Antwerp in
1814. He studied in the Academy of that city, and
under his brother-in-law, Ferdinand De Braekeleer.
His works were first exhibited in 1833 at Brussels,
and he rapidly acquired a reputation ; the subjects
which he chose — scenes from the mediaeval history
and customs of his country— contributing much to
the popularity of his works. In 1862 he was
created a Baron. His latter years were much
occupied in the execution of decorations for the
Hotel-de-Ville at Antwerp, where he painted a
S3ries of pictures illustrating the history of the
city. He died in 1869, and a statue has been
erected in his honour in the park at Antwerp,
Alma Tadema was one of his pupils. Amongst
his works are :
Amsterdam. Fare &r) Lady in satin and Man read-

Hoop Mus. j ing.
Antwerp. Academy. Kubens at a F^te of the Arque-

Berlin. Gallery. Eeligious Service in Holland,

17th century.
„ „ Dutch Society in the 17th cen-

„ „ Diirer painting Erasmus.

Brussels. Gallery. Studio of Frans Floris.

„ „ Entry of Charles V. into Ant-

„ „ Mass for Bertall de Haze.

„ „ Rich and Poor.

„ „ Ke-opening of Antwerp Cathe-

Frankfort. Stadel Inst. Interior of an Inn Yard. 1842.
London. South Kensing- 1 ^j^^ knight's Funeral.

ton Museum. J "

Munich. JVeio Pinakothek. A Street in a Dutch Village.

"Windsor. Castle. The Armourer.

LEYSEBETTEN, Pietee van. See Lisebbtten.

LEYSSENS, NiooLAAS, called Cassenoix, was
born at Antwerp in 1661, and was a scholar of
Pieter Ykens. On leaving that master, he went
to Rome, where he passed some time, and would
have prolonged his studies in that metropolis of
art, had he not been under the necessity of return-
ing to his native city for the purpose of succouring
an aged parent in his last illness. Leyssens had
acquired in Italy a correct and tasteful design, and
was much employed in ornamenting the saloons
and ceilings of the principal mansions at Antwerp,
in which he was assisted by Bosohaert, Verbruggen,


&c. who painted the flowers and other accessories.
For what reason his surname was given to him is
not stated ; it will bear the interpi-etation of a nut
cracker, a magpie, or a blackbird. He died in 1710.

LEYTO, Andees, a painter of historical subjects
and interiors, resided at Madrid in 1680. He
painted, in conjunction with Josef de Sarabia, the
pictures of the cloister of the convent of San
Francisco at Segovia ; but his chief excellence lay
in painting interiors, in which he had few equals
among the Spanish artists of his time.

LEYVA, Diego de, was bom about 1580, at
Haro, in Old Castile. He is supposed to have spent
his youth at Rome, whence he returned to Spain a
painter, and settled at Burgos. In 1628 he was
commissioned by the Chapter of Burgos to paint
the portraits of certain dignitaries for the chapel
of St. Catalina in the cathedral, and for the chapel
of the Virgin he painted a picture of the ' Present-
ation.' In 1633 he retired to the Chartreuse of
Miraflores, where in 1634 he took the final vows,
and devoted himself to the performance of his
duties, and the production of religious pictures,
among which were fifteen large compositions on
the life of St. Bruno, eleven martyrdoms, ten
pictures of Saints of the Order, a Crucifixion, and
some pictures of the Virgin. His style was some-
what weak. He died at Miraflores in 1637.

LEZIER, Paul, a native of Dordrecht, who
flourished in the i7th century, and was a contem-
porary of Cuyp, was the painter of a large picture
representing the principal citizens of Dordrecht.

LHERIE, Feedinand, an engraver, was a native
of Paris, who went to Antwerp about 1831, and
became a pupil of Baron Wappers, after whom
alone he engraved. He died insane, as did his
brother, who was an actor. The following plates
after Wappers are by bim :

H61oise and Ab^lard.

Agn^s Sore! reproaching Charles Til.

The Defence of Tournai by the Countess of Epernay.

The Entombment.

Devotion of the Burgomaster Van der Werff.

L'HOMME, Jacques, an historical and landscape
painter, born at Troyes at the commencement
of the 17th century, was a pupil of Vouet at
Rome. He painted a ' St. Catharine ' and a ' Lady
playing the. Lute ' ; the latter he also etched.

L'HORFELIN, Antonio, a Spanish painter, was
born at Saragossa in 1687. He was the son of an
obscure artist, named Pedro L'Horfelin, who sent
him to Rome for improvement when he was very
young, and he there studied the works of Michel-
angelo and Raphael. His principal work is a
picture of ' St. Joseph,' with two laterals, in the
church of the Bare-footed Augustines at Saragossa.
He die(i in 1660.

LI A NO, Felipe de, a Spanish portrait painter
and etcher, was born at Madrid in 1556, and
was a scholar of Alonso Sanchez CoeUo. He
is supposed to have resided in Italy, where he
executed the plates signed Teodor. FUippo da
Liagno. He particularly excelled in painting
portraits of a small size, which he executed with
such fidelity of resemblance and beauty of colour-
ing that he acquired the title of 'El Titiano
Pequeno,' or simply ' Bl Pequeno.' He died at
Madrid in 1625. His most esteemed portrait is
that of Don Alvaro de Bazan, Marquis of Santa
Cruz, which was painted for the Emperor Rudolph
in 1584. His best etchings are 'St. John the
Baptist in the Wilderness,' a set of twelve plates




of Soldiers and Moors, 'The Nymph surprised,'
'The Nymph and the Satyr,' and fifteen plates of
the skeletons of animals. He signed his works
F. ; Felippo Lia, f. ; and as above.

LIANO d'ANGELI, Filippo de. See Angeli.

LIART, Matthew, was born in London, of
French descent, in 17.36, and studied under Ravenet,
as well as with the Society of Artists, and in the
schools of the Royal Academy, in the latter of
which he gained the silver medal. He was em-
ployed in engraving some plates for Boydell's
collection._ He died about 1782. Among others,
the following prints are by him :

The Sacrifice of Noah; after Andrea Sacchi.

The Convention between Jacob and Laban ; after Fietro

da Cortona.
The Jovial Companions ; after Ostade.
Venus lamenting the Death of Adonis ; after West.
Oephalus and Procris ; after the same.

LIBERAL, Geoeg, was a German painter and
wood engraver, probably of Meissen, who flourished
about 1660, and in conjunction with Wolfgang
Miererpeck executed the large cuts of the animals
and plants for Mattioli's ' Commentaries on Diosco-
rides,' published at Venice in 1565.

LIBERALE, who is described as the son of
'Magistri Jaoobi a Blado de S. Joanne in Valle,'
and who was commonly called ' Liberale de
Jacomo da Verona,' in that city's account-books,
was bom there in 1451, and brought up as a
miniaturist. He was a disciple of Vincenzo di
Stefano, and his first works were performed at the
chapel of the Monte della Pietk in the church of
San Bernardino, where he painted a ' Deposition
from the Cross.' In the church of Sant' Anastasia
is a picture of the ' Dead Christ.' He left Verona
when he was eighteen, and worked for the Bene-
dictines of Mont' Oliveto, near Siena, painting in
miniature and illuminating books, and was after-
wards employed in the cathedral of that city.
His miniatures are considered masterpieces of art,
and his paintings, after the style of Bellini, only
too clearly show the effect of his early training.
In the cathedral of Verona is an ' Adoration of.
the Magi' by him; and in the arohiepiscopal
palace is a predella containing ' The Nativity,' ' The
Epiphany,' and ' The Death of the Virgin,' painted
by Liberale between the years 1480 and 1490. In
the Casa Scotti, Milan, is a ' Madonna' by him that
was formerly assigned to Andrea Mantegna. The
churches of San Fermo, Santa Maria del Paradiso,
and the chapel of Comune alia Vittoria, Verona,
all possess panels with saints by this artist. In
the Brera, Milan, is a ' St. Sebastian,' of which the
Berlin Gallery possesses the replica ; the last-
named gallery also possesses a 'Virgin and Child
enthroned, between SS. Lawrence and Christopher,
dated 1489. The Gallery of Verona has a ' Holy
Family ' and an ' Adoration of the Shepherds ' by
this master. He was an umpire in the Municipal
Council of Verona in 1493. He died in 1536, and
was buried in San Giovanni in Valle, a suburb of
Verona. The following are some of his chief works :

Assiei. Frescoes and Altar-pieces.

Berlin. Gallery. St. Sebastian. {A replica of the

picture in the Brera Gallery.)

Bologna, Gallery. The Annunciation ; Virgin,

Child, and Saints ; painted
on the two fronts. 1482.

Foligno. Museum. Frescoes and numerous Altar-


Milan. Brera. St. Sebastian. I


Zomre. Predella in three compartments,
comprising — Christ in the
Garden ; the Flagellation ;
the Way to Calvary ; the
Crucifixion ; Nicodemus and
Joseph of Arimathea; Two
Angels, holding a cartel with
the names of the Donatrix
and the Artist.
Perugia. Gallery. The Annunciation.

1, ,, Frescoes and Altar-pieces.

Borne. Vatican, Coronation of the Virgin.

„ Spada Falace. The Virgin rescuing an Infant.

LIBERALE, Gennesio, (or Gensio,) a painter
of the Venetian school, was born at Udine, and
flourished in the second half of the 16th century.
He was a pupil of Pellegrino da San Danielle, and
painted animals and fish.

LIBERATORE, Niocol6 di, called in error
by Vasari, Niccol6 Alunno, was a native of
Foligno, and was born about the year 1430. His
earliest work still ^tant, dated 1458, is in tlie
Franciscan church of La Diruta, near Perugia,
He signed his pictures Nicolaus Fulginates. A
'Madonna enthroned,' painted in 1465, is in the
Brera, Milan. There is an altar-piece representing
the 'Annunciation,' dated 1466, in Santa Maria
Nuova at Perugia. There are also altar-pieces
by him in the Castle of San Severino and in San
Francesco at Gualdo. A 'Pieta,' of which frag-
ments only remain, in the cathedral of Assisi,
was one of his best works. Vasari says of two
angels represented as weeping in this ' Pieta,' that
their emotion was so naturally expressed that no
painter in Italy at that time could have painted
them better. In 1499 he painted the altar-piece
of Sant' Angelo, in La Bastia, near Perugia. Over
a side-altar in the church of San Nicoolo at Foligno-
is a picture of ' St. Nicholas and the Infant Christ,'
painted in 1492. It was one of the many paintings
which were sent to Paris, and when it went back
it was without its predella, which is still in the
Louvre. An ' Ecce Homo ' in the National Gallery
is given in the catalogue to Niccolo ; but Mr. J. A.
Crowe thinks it is probably by Matteo da Siena.
Niccolo died, a rich man, in 1502 ; and was buried
in Sant' Agostino, in his native town. He exe-
cuted his pictures in tempera, and excelled espe-
cially in rendering the expression of the face ; he
also painted standards, called 'Gonfaloni,' which
were used in religious ceremonies ; there is still a
gonf alone by him in Santa Maria Nuova at Perugia,
which bears the following inscription : " Societas
Annunciata fecit fieri hoc opus 1466." He is
supposed by Mariotti to have been the master of
Pietro Perugino, Pinturicchio, and Andrea di Luigi.
A very interesting memoir concerning this painter
has been written by Professor Adamo Rossi, of
Perugia, and printed in the ' Giomale d'Erudizione
Artistica ' for 1872.

LIBERI, Marco, the son of Pietro Liberi, was
born at Padua about the year 1640, and was edu-
cated under his father, whose style he imitated
with little claim to originality. He copied his
father's works almost to illusion, and painted easel
pictures of fabulous subjects, some of which are in
the Palazzo Ercolani, at Bologna. He died after
1687. In the Dresden Gallery is ' Venus caressing

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 14 of 201)