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Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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scribed lUe hie est Raphael, q-c. 1787.

A Portrait-of himself ; froni a drawing Jyy J. B. Grcuze.

The Return from Market ; after Ph. Wouwermans.
Engraved in Paris in 1750.

St. Cecilia | after Raphael.

The Virgin and Infant Christ, with Mary Magdalene,
St. Jerome, and two Angels ; after Correggio.

Venus reclining ; after Titian.

Dauae ; after the same. 1768.

Venus and Adonis ; after the same. 1762.

Mary Magdalene, penitent ; after Guido. 1782.

The Death of Cleopatra ; after the same. 1777.

Fortune ; after the same. 1778.

Venus attired by the Graces ; after the same. 1759.

The Chastity of Joseph ; after the same. 1769.

The Virgin, with a choir of Angels ; after C. Maratti.

The Virgin, St. Catherine and Angels, with the Infant
Jesus asleep ; after the same. 1760 ?

Christ appearing to the Virgin after His Eesorrection ;
after Guercino. 1773.

Abraham sending away Hagar ; after the same. 1763
and 1767.

Esther before Ahasuerus ; after the same. ll&l.

The Death of Dido ; after the same. 1776.

Belisarius ; after Sal. Rosa. 1757.

Romulus and Remus ; after P. da Cortona. 1757.

Caesar repudiating Pompeia ; after the same. 1157 ?

Sappho devoting her Lyre to Apollo ; after Bold. 1787.

The Martyrdom of St. Agnes ; after Domenichino. 1759.

The Choice of Hercules j after N. Poitssdn. 1759.

The Holy Virgin ; after Guido. 1756 ?

The Angel of the Annunciation ; after the same. 1756 ?

The Annunciation ; after the same. 1787 ?

The Offspring of Love ; after the same. 1766 ?

The Infant Jesus plaiting a Crown of Thorns; after
Murillo. 1787 ?

The Infant Jesus asleep ; after Fandyck. 1787 ?

St. Agnes ; after Domenichino. 1759 ?

The Magdalene ; afte>' Guido. 1753.

The Magdalene ; after Correggio. 1780.

Laomedon, King of Troy, detected by Neptune and
Apollo ; afler Salvator Rosa. 1775.

The finding of Romulus and Remus ; after P. da
Cortona. 1757 ?

The Death of Cleopatra ; after Guido. 1753.

Apollo rewarding Merit ; after A. Sacchi. 1755.

Venus blinding Cupid ; after Titian. 1769.

Cupid sleeping ; after Guido. 1766 ?

Cupid ; after Schidone. 1774.

Cupid; a/to- Vanloo. 1750.

Lips, the south-west Wind.

Zephyr, the west Wind. 1760. Plates 17 and 18 in
the first volume of ' The Antiquities of Athens,' by

The Death of the Stag. 1749. A vignette to Beck-
ford's ' Thoughts on Hunting.'

Half-length of Charles I. ; after Van Dyck. This, and
Nos. 52, 56, 57, and 38, were engraved for the first
edition of Smollett's ' History of England,' in quarto,
published in 1757.

The Apotheosis of Octavius and Alfred, Children of
George III., who died in their infancy ; after Benja-
min West.

Prince Charles James Edward Stuart.

Mary Stuart, Queen of Scotland.

The Mistress of Parmigiauo ; after Parmigiano. 1774.

James Graham, Marquis of Montrose ; after Van Dyck.

Thomas Wentworth, Earl of Strafford ; afUr the same.

Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex ; after Holbein.




William Hamilton, of Bangor, a Poet. 1760. Id his

' Poems.'
Eoberb Leighton, Archbishop of Glasgow. 1758. lu a

selection from his works.
Archibald Pitcairn, Physician and Poet; after Medina.

Strange published ' A Descriptive Catalogue of a
Collection of Pictures, and of thirty-two Drawings,
collected by him in Italy.' Also 'An Inquiry into
the Rise and Establishment of the Royal Academy
of Arts ; to which is prefixed a letter to the Earl of
Bute.' The 'Memoirs of Sir Robert Strange and
of Andrew Lumisden' were published in 1855.
Lumisden was the brother of Strange's wife, who
came of an old Jacobite family.

STRASSBERGER, Gheistoph Gotthelf, painter
and engraver, was born at Prauenstein, in the
mountains of Saxony, in 1770, and destined by his
parents for the Church. With this view he entered
the University of Leipsic, but left it for the art
school under Oeser. He painted portraits in
crayons and on porcelain, and engraved a few
plates. From 1816 onwards was chiefly engaged
in teaching. He died in 1841.

STRASSBERGER, Ernst Wilhelm, painter, the
son of Christ. G. Strassberger, was born at Leip-
sic in 1796. He studied first under his father, and
at the Leipsic Academy under Berggold, Solmorr,
and Siegel. He first exhibited in 1814, but
in 1815 went to Dresden, where he studied for a
time at the Academy, and in 1823 he was engaged
at the Meissen china factory. In 1842 he returned
to his native city, and employed himself chiefly in
painting incidents in the battle of Leipsic, of which
he had been an eye-witness. He also worked as a
scene-painter, to which calling he brought up his
son. He died at Leipsic, September 11th, 1866.

STRASTER, Fkay Geronimo, a Franciscan, who
resided at the convent of his order in Valladolid, in
1613, where he engraved, with considerable ability,
the plates to a work entitled ' Historia del Monte
Celia de nuestra Senora de la Salceda,' written by
D. Fr. Pedro Gonzalez de Mendoza, archbishop of

Ct j*A.nfl.n i\

STRATEN. See Van deb Stbaten.

STRAUBE, A., painter, born about the middle
of the 17th century in Hamburg, painted land-
scapes with animals and figures in the style of

STRAUCH, Georq, painter, born at Nuremberg
in 1613. In the Gallery at Vienna there is an ' Im-
maculate Conception ' by him, and in the Gallery
of the Patriotic Union at Prague two portraits. He
died in 1675.

STRAUCH, LoRBNZ, born at Nuremberg in 1654,
was a skilful portrait and architectural painter, and
also painted on glass. Bartsch, P. G. torn, ix., de-
scribes an etching by him, a ' View of the Market-
place at Nuremberg,' with the date 1599, as the
only one known to him. Nagler, however, gives
a list of twenty-two, some of which are signed
with his name in full, and dated as late as 1614 ;

others with the monogram m. , Strauoh died

about 1630.

STRAVIUS, a painter of Hamburg in the 17th
century, who painted life-size animals and hunting

STREATER, Robert, an English painter, born
in London in 1624, was a scholar of Du Moulin.
He painted history, portraits, landscape, architec-
ture, and still-life. At the Restoration he was
appointed serjeant-painter to Charles II. His

principal works were : the theatre ceiling at Oxford ;
some ceilings at Whitehall, which have perished ;
the ' Battle of the Giants,' at Harden Park, Surrey ;
and the pictures of Moses and Aaron, iu the church
of St. Michael, Cornhill. There is a landscape by
him in the Cartwright collection at Dulwioh. He
died in 1680. He left a few indifferent etchings.

STRECKER, Wilhelm, painter, born in 1795,
painted history and scenes from poets. He was
Inspector of the Gallery at Stiittgart, where he
died in 1857.

STREEK, Hendbik van, son of Jurriaan van
Streek, born at Amsterdam in 1659, was a scholar
of his father, Emanuel de Witte. His pictures
generally represent the interiors of churches and
palaces, and are frequently embellished with figures
by some other artist. The Hermitage at St.
Petersburg has an ' Interior of a Church ' by him.
He died in 1713.

STREEK, Jurriaan van, born at Amsterdam in
1632, occasionally painted portraits, but is better
known' as a painter of still life. A skull, a ball of
soap, and a lamp are frequent objects in his com-
positions. He signed his pictures with J V S in a
monogram. He died in 1678.

STRfiSOR, Anne Marie Rbn^e, the daughter of
Henri Stresor, was born in Paris in 1651. A
miniature painter of some reputation, she was re-
ceived by the Academy about 1676, but in 1687
resolved to become a nun. The convent of the
Visitation at Paris agreed to receive lier without
a dowry, on condition that she learnt to paint in
oils, for the benefit of the sisterhood. This she
did, and produced a great number of works after
her admission. She died in 1713.

STRESOR, Henri, a portrait painter of the 17th
century, mentioned by Marolles. He was a Ger-
man by birth, but settled in Paris and embraced
the Roman Catholic faith. He painted portraits of
Louis XIV. and many persons of distinction. He
died about 1672.

STRETBS, GniLLiM, was painter to Edward VI.
in 1551. Strype records that the King paid
'' fifty marks for recompense of three great tables
made by the said Guillim, whereof two were the
pictures of His Highness sent to Sir Thomas Hoby
and Sir John Mason (ambassadors abroad) ; the
third a picture of the late Earl of Surrey, attainted,
and by the Council's commandant fetched from the
said Guillim's house." The last-named picture was
discovered by Horace Walpole to be identical with
one in his father's collection, which Sir Robert
bought at the sale of the Arundel collection at
Stafford House, in 1720, and subsequently pre-
sented to the Duke of Norfolk. The picture is
now at Arundel Castle. It is dated 1547. A
half-length at Knole is a copy from it. An
excellent portrait of Edward VI., by Stretes, was
formerly at Hamilton Palace, where it was called
a Holbein.

STRIEBEL, Franz Xavee, painter, born at
Mindelheim in 1822, studied at the Munich Aca-
demy, and painted first history, and afterwards
genre pictures of a humorous kind. He died at
Munich in 1871.

STBIGBL, Bernhaed, painter, was born in 1460
or 1461, at Memmingen. After working for a time
at Memmingen, he moved first to Augsburg, and
afterwards to Vienna, where he settled finally about
1517. He was a prot6g6 of the Emperor Maxi-
milian, and seems to have had a monopoly of
painting his portraits. Herr Bode, to whom we





owe our knowledge of Strigel, identified him with
a painter iirst discriminated by A. Woltmann, and
called by him the ' Master of the Hirscher Col-
leotion.' Strigel seems to have been much in-
fluenced by Zeitblom. He died at Memmingen in
1528. Works :

Berlin. Museum. SS. M. Magdalen and John the

„ SS. Lawrence and Catharine.

' SS. Vitus and Margaret.

„ EUzabeth of Thuringia and the

Emperor Henry II.
„ • „ S. Norbert.

„ Johannes Ouspinian and his

" Family. (This picture bears

the inscription through
•which Strigel was finally
{And four others.)
Carlsruhe. Kunsthalle. Annunciation.

„ Christ washing the Disciples'

„ Christ crowned with thorns.

„ „ A Pieta.

Munich. Pindkothek. Triumph of David.
„ „ S. ServatiuB.

„ „ Old Man and young Woman

teaching a Boy.
„ „ Portrait of Conrad Eehlingen.

„ „ Portrait of Maximilian I.

{And four others.)
Vienna. Gallery. The Family of Maximilian I.

{And others at Sonauesch-
iru/en, Bovigo, Schwerin, ^c.)

STRIJ, Abraham van, a painter of portraits, land-
scapes and cattle, and familiar subjects, was born
at Dordrecht the 31st of December, 1753. He
studied under his father, a decorator, and at first
painted fruit and flowers, but was obliged to assist
his father in historical subjects, landscapes, and
feigned bas-reliefs. • He afterwards turned to the
painting of portraits, landscapes, and cattle, in the
manner of Cuyp, and the interiors of shops and
kitchens. In such subjects he arrived at much
excellence, especially in chiaroscuro. In 1774 he
founded the 'Pictura' Society of Dordrecht, and
was its first president. He died at Dordrecht the
7th of IMarch, 1826. Works :

Amsterdam. R. Museum. The Drawing Lesson.

„ . „ The Housekeeper.

„ „ The Scullery-maid.

Eotterdam. Museum. Two pictures.

STRIJ, Jakob van, landscape and cattle painter
and brother of Abraham van Strij, was born at
Dordrecht the 2nd of October, 1756. He studied
at home, under his father, and at Antwerp, under
Andrew Lens, and also at the Antwerp Academy.
Though a sincere student of nature, he had a great
predilection for copying and imitating the works
of other masters. Cuyp, Hobbema, and Paul
Potter were the models he most affected, particu-
larly Cuyp, and many of his imitations of that
master have passed as originals. Some of his
' Hobbemas ' are also masterly ; but they are not
so common as his 'Ouyps.' He was a corre-
sponding member of the Royal Institute of the
Netherlands, and is eulogized by contemporary
writers for his general knowledge. He died at
Dordrecht, February 4th, 1815. Works :

Amsterdam. B. Museum. Four landscapes.

STRINGA, Feedinando, engraved some of the
plates for the ' Antiquities of Herculaneum,' pub-
lished at Naples in 1750.


STRINGA, Feancesoo, painter, bom at Modena
in 1635 (?), was a follower of Lodovico Lana.
He also studied Guercino, and the best pictures in
the celebrated Galleria Estense, of which he was
director. He painted several historical subjects
for the churches and the ducal palace at Modena,
and some of his works are to be found in Venice.
He died at Modena in 1709. He left some etch-
ings ; among them :

The Disciples placing Christ m the Sepulchre.
Portrait of Francesco II,, Duke of Modena.
St. John with the Cross.

STRINGER, Daniel, portrait painter, was a
student of the Royal Academy about 1770 ; his
portrait heads and comic sketches were good, but
he lacked application, and seems gradually to have
abandoned art.

STRINGER, B., topographical draughtsman,
practised towards the end of the 18th century.
He was a member of the Liverpool Academy,
where many of his works were exhibited. Some
are engraved in the 'Gentleman's Magazine' of

STRIXNER, JoHANN Nepomuk, draughtsman
and lithographer, born at Alten-Oetting in 1782.
He studied drawing at Wasserburg under the
sculptor Eichhorn, and in 1797 went to Munich,
where he worked under Professor Mitterer, and also
learnt engraving. In 1809 he made his first essay
in lithography. His best works of that class are:
a series of lithographs after Diirer's designs for
' The Prayer-Book of Kaiser Max ' ; some litho-
graphs for the collections of the Boisserees,
and for works published by the Munich Gallery

STROBERLE, Joao Glamma, painter, born at
Lisbon in 1708, went as a court pensioner to Rome,
where he studied in the Academy of St. Luke,
under Marco Benefial, and was principally employed
in copying Raphael. After spending two years in
Rome he returned to Lisbon, where he was engaged
at the theatre, and worked for Bishop J. Maria
da Ponseca e Evora. In 1761, on the death of his
patron, lie went to London, but in 1756 returned
to Lisbon, whence after the earthquake he migrated
to Oporto, where he died in 1792. His chief works
are : 'The Last Supper' in S. Nicolao ; altar-pieces
in S. Joao-Novo and Senliora da Victoria, Lisbon,
and in the cathedral of Braga.

STROEHLING, P. E., a Russian painter, who
was educated at the expense of the Czar, and
finished his studies in Italy. He came to England
about 1804, and practised with some success as a
portrait painter in oils and in miniature. He ex-
hibited occasional works at the Academy from
1803 to 1826. A portrait of the Duchess of York
by him is at Buckingham Palace.

STROHMAYBR, Hans, a native of Prague, who
flourished in the 16th century, was first in the
service of the Arch-Duke Ernst of Austria, and
became in 1583 court painter to the Emperor
Rudolph II He etched many plates, among them
a ' Venus and Cupid,' dated 1593.

STROZZI, Bernardo, called II C-APPncciNO
Genovese, and sometimes II Prete Genovese, was
born at Genoa in 1581, and was a pupil of Pietra
Sorri. At an early peiiod of his life he became a
monk of the order of St. Francis. This retirement
did not, however, lead him to abandon his pur-
suits as an artist, and he distinguished himself as a
reputable painter of history. Strozzi left tlie cloister,




when a priest, to contribute to the support of an
aged mother and a sister ; but the one dying and
the other marrying, he refused to return to his
order ; and being forcibly recalled and sentenced
to three years' imprisonment, he contrived to make
his escape to Venice, where he passed the re-
mainder of his days as a secular priest. He there
painted portraits, in which walk of art he was
superior to liis contemporaries, and in all his larger
compositions he painted the figures from life. Of
his frescoes at Genoa, the most important is a
Paradise, in the church of S. Domenico, a copious
composition, with a force approaching that of oil.
At Novi and Voltri are several altar-pieces by him,
and in the Palazzo Brignole is an 'Incredulity of
St. Thomas.' He was more occupied for private
collections and galleries than for the churches.
Strozzi died at Venice in 1641. Among his works
we may also name :

Genoa. ^al. Durazzo. Portrait of a Bishop.

„ Fal. Balhi. Joseph in Prison.

„ „ St. John the Baptist.

Paris. Louvre. Virgin and Child.

„ „ St. Anthony of Padua with the
Child Jesus.

Venice. S. Benedetto. St. Sebastian.

„ Aocademia. St. Jerome.

STROZZI, Zakobi di Benedetto, painter, born
at I'lorence about 1412, was a pupil of Fra Angelico.
He was of noble birth, and painted as an amateur.
He died December 6, 1468. There is a ' St. Law-
rence ' by him in the UflSzi.

Baron, was born at Gles, in the Tyrol, in 1648, and
studied at Venice under Carlo Lotti, under whose
direction he became a reputable painter of history.
On leaving that master, his talents recommended
him to the Emperor Leopold, who invited him to
his court, appointed him one of his painters, and
conferred on him the dignity of a baron. He was
the first Director of the Academy at Vienna. He
died at Vienna in 1717. Pictures by him are to
be found at Vienna, at Cassel, and at Diisseldorf.
Strudel was also a sculptor.

STRUETT, JoHANN Jakob, painter and etcher,
was bom at Weisenthal, near Basle, in 1773. He
has left some views near Salzburg, and some good
aquatints. He died in 1820.

STRUTT, Jacob George, an English landscape
painter, born about the beginning of the 19th cen-
tury. His works appeared at the Royal Academy
from 1822 to 1852. Soon after 1830, he settled at
Lausanne, and thence migrated to Rome, not re-
turning to England till 1851. There is a landscape
by him at Woburn Abbey. He used the etching
needle, and published two volumes of etchings :
' Sylva Britannica ' (1825), and ' Delicise Sylvarum '
(1828). ■

STRUTT, Joseph:, an English engraver, and
writer on art, born about the year 1749, was the
son of a miller. He engraved a variety of plates in
the crayon and dotted manner, which are executed
with great neatness and delicacy. We are chiefly
indebted to him, however, for his 'Biographical
Dictionary of Engravers,' with plates engraved by
himself. He also published the ' Antiquities of
England,' also with his own plates ; and ' Horda
Angel-cynnan, or the Manners and Customs of Eng-
land from the time of the Saxons ; ' ' Chronicles of
England ; ' ' Regal and Ecclesiastical Antiquities of
England ; ' ' Dresses and Habits of the People of
England ; ' ' Sports and Pastimes.' He also left an

unfinished romance in manuscript, entitled ' Queen-
Hoo-Hall,' which Sir Walter Scott, in 1808, en-
deavoured to complete. Strutt exhibited at the
Royal Academy from 1779 to 1784. He died in
London in 1802. Among others, we have the
following plates by him :

The Birth of Venus. 1779.

Pandora presenting the fatal Box to Epimetheus. 1779.

Candaules betraying his Queen to his favourite Gyges ;

after Le Sueur. 1787.
Twelve Illustrations for the ' Pilgrim's Progress ' ; after

T. Stothard.
Venus in the Island of Cyprus.
Allegory of America ; after B. E. Bine.

STUART, Gilbert, an Anglo-American painter
of great talent, was born in the State of Rhode
Island in the year 1754. Soon after reaching man-
hood he came to England, and was introduced to
Benjamin West, with whom he worked for some
time. He showed great ability, and some portraits
that he exhibited brought him into public notice.
He rose into eminence, and his claims were acknow-
ledged even during the life of Sir Joshua Reynolds.
His reputation as a portrait painter introduced him
to a wide acquaintance among the higher classes
of society, and he was on the road to fame when
he left England. He returned to America in 1793,
and resided chiefly in Philadelphia and Washing-
ton, in the practice of his profession, till about the
year 1805, when he removed to Boston, where he
remained to the time of his death. During the
last ten years of his life he had to struggle with
many infirmities ; yet such was the vigour of his
mind, that it seemed to triumph over the decays
of nature, and to give to some of his last produc-
tions all the truth and splendour of his prime.
While in England he painted the .portraits of Sir
Joshua Reynolds, Benjamin West, W. Woollett,
Alderman Boydell, John Kemble, Dr. Pothergill,
and many persons of less note. But his best work
in this country is a full-length of a Mr. Grant,
skating in St. James's Park. It is in the collection
of Lord Charles Pelham Clinton. Of his American
portraits, that of Washington is the chef d'oeuvre.
He painted the President several times ; once for
the late Marquis of Lansdowne ; this was engraved
by James Heath. Stuart died at Boston in 1828.
Several of the portraits mentioned above are in the
National Portrait Gallery.

STUB. See Kratzenstein-Stub.

STUBBS, George, painter of animals, born at
Liverpool in 1724, particularly excelled in the
anatomy of the horse, and was much employed in
painting the portraits of the most celebrated racers
of his time, which he not only designed with
correctness, but painted with a very remarkable
command of technique. That he could occasionally
take a higher flight he proved by a ' Phaeton with
the Horses of the Sun,' and by some admirable
pictures of tigers. At the age of thirty Stubbs
visited Rome. In 1766 he published a work en-
titled 'The Anatomy of the Horse,' with plates
etched by himself, after his own designs. He
etched and scraped in mezzotint several good
plates of animals from pictures painted by himself.
Other pictures by him were engraved by Woollett,
Earlom, Green, Hodges, &c. Stubbs was elected
an Associate of the Royal Academy in 1780, and an
Academician in 1781. The latter election, however,
he refused to accept. He died in London in 1806.

STUBBS, George Townley, son of George
Stubbs, born in 1756, died in 1815, engraved





several of his father's pictures of animals, and a
few plates after others.

STUBLEY, P., portrait painter, practised in
London in the first part of the 18th century.
Tliere is a plate after his portrait of Peter Monaniy,
the marine painter, and several other of his portraits
were engraved hy J. Faber.

STUDIO. See Lint, Hendbik van.

STUERBOUDT. See Boots, Diebick.

STUERBOUT. See Bouts, Hhbbet.

STUHR, JoHANN Geoeq, painter, was born at
Hamburg about 1640. He painted landscapes, sea
pieces, and harbour views in the style of Storck and
Lingelbach, poultry in the style of Hondekoeter,
and a few historical subjects. In the Schloss at
Berlin there is a 'Sacrifice of Iphigenia' by this
artist, and in the Cassel Gallery a ' Harbour Scene.'

STUMP, John S., miniature painter, was a
student of the Academy, and was a constant con-
tributor to the London exhibitions from about
1802 to 1849. His miniatures were highly esteemed
for their breadth of treatment and fine tone. He
painted also a few portraits in oil, and some Swiss
landscapes, and was a member of the Sketching
Society. He died in 1863.

STUNTZ. See Feeyberg, Elekteine.

STUNTZ, JoHANN Baptist, lithographer and
draughtsman, was born at Arlesheim, near Basle,
in 1753. He painted landscapes in water-colour,
and published, jointly with J. Hartmann, a series
of Swiss views. In 1802 he settled at Strasburg,
where he carried on business as an art dealer, and
finally removed to Munich, where he devoted
himself to lithography, and was associated with
others in the issue of reproductions from Diirer.
He died in 1836.

STDREL, Maeie Octavie, (rafePAiGNfeE,) painter,
was born at Metz in 1819. She painted flowers
and fruit, chiefly in pastel. She died at Metz in

STURM, Feedinand. See Stuemio, Hernando.

STURM, Jacques, painter, was born at Luxem-
burg in 1808. He was a pupil of J. B. Fresez, and
worked for some time at a lithographic establish-
ment at Brussels. In 1841 he went to Paris, and
afterwards visited Italy, where he died in 1844.

STURMER, JoHANN Heineich, painter, born at
Kirchberg, in Hohenlohe, in 1774, studied at Oeh-
ringen, at Augsburg, and at Gbttingen, and settled
eventually at Berlin, where he became a member
of the Academy. He painted landscapes, historical
pictures, and military scenes. He died at Berlin in

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 142 of 201)