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Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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pictures, born at Valencia in 1720, was a scholar
of Evaristo Munoz. He went to Madrid in 1743,
and afterwards passed into Portugal. He was a
member of the Academy of S. Fernando, which
possesses a picture of ' Abraham's Sacrifice ' painted
by him. He died at Madrid in 1755.

TARABOTTI, Caterina, was a native of Vi-
cenza, and a pupil of Alessandro Varotari and his
sister Chiara. She practised chiefly' at Verona,
where she painted historical pictures. The dates
of her birth and death are unknown, but she was
at work in 1669.

TARAVAL, Jean Hugdes, painter and engraver, .
born in Paris in 1728, was the son and pupil of
Thomas Raphael Taraval. In 1756 he won the
Grand Prix at the Academy, and in 1759 went as
pensioner to Rome. On his retiirn in 1764 he
painted a successful portrait of Louis XV. In
1769 he was received by the Academy, his recep-
tion picture being a "Triumph of Bacchus.' In
1785 he was appointed professor and chief inspector
at the Gobelhi manufactory, and died in Paris the
same year. There is a ' Triumph of Amphitrite '
by him in the Louvre.

551



Taraval



A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF



Tardieu



TARAVAL, Lonis G-ustave, architectural de-
signer and engraver, was the son of Thomas Ra-
phael Taraval. He was born at Stockholm in
1737, was sent by his father to join his brother
Hugues in Paris, where, among other prints, he
engraved some architectural subjects from the
designs of Dumont. Another member of the
family, Jean Gnstave Taraval, a nephew of
Raphael, was born in Paris in 1767. He won the
Grand Prix in 1782, and died in Rome two years
later.

TARAVAL, Thomas Raphael, painter, was a
Frenchman by birth, and studied in Paris. He was
invited to Sweden, and became court painter to the
King. In the Castle of Stockholm are several wall
paintings by this artist. He founded a school of
painting at Stockholm, where he died in 1750.

TARDIEUj Ambroise, nephew and pupil of
Pierre Alexandre Tardieu, was born in 1788. He
was geographical engraver to the French Govern-
ment. Witli his work as an engraver he combined
a trade in prints, books, and maps. Like his uncle,
he engraved many portraits, his total productions
in that line amounting to some 800 plates, mostiy
of very small size. He died in Paris in 1841.

TARDIEU, Elisabeth Claieb (nee Tournay),
was the second wife of Jacques Nicolas Tardieu.
She was born in Paris in 1731, and died there in
1773. Among other prints, she engraved these :

The Concert ; after J. F. de Troy.

The Mustard Mercbant ; afta- Okarles Hutin.

Two plates of the Charitable Lady and the Catechist ;

after P. Dumesnil.
The Old Coquette ; after the same.
The Hepose ; after Jeaurat.

TARDIEU, Jacques Nicolas, (called Cochin,)
the son of Nicolas Henri Tardieu, born in Paris in
1718, was instructed in the art of engraving by his
father. He used the point less and the graver
more than his father ; hence his prints are neater,
though inferior in spirit and picturesqueness of
effect. He was a member of the Academy at Paris.
He engraved a considerable number of portraits
and other subjects, among which are the following :

Louis XV. ; after Vanloo.

His Queen Marie Leczyuska ; after Nattier.

Marie Henrietta of France ; after the same.

The Archbishop of Bordeaux ; after Restout.

Eobert Lorraine, sculptor to the King. 1749.

Bon BouUogne, Painter to the King ; the companion

plate.
Christ appearing to the Virgin ; after Guido.
Mary Magdalene penitent ; after Paolo Paynani.
The Pool of Bethesda ; after Restout.
Diana and Actseon ; after F. Boucher.
The Miseries of War ; after Teniers.
A pair of Landscapes ; after Cochin the younger.

He also engraved some plates for the 'Galerie
de Versailles,' after Le Brun. He died in Paris in
1795. Louise Tardieu, his wife, who was the
daughter of the celebrated medallist Du Vivier, also
engraved some plates.

TARDIEU, Jean Baptiste Pierre, nephew
and pupil of Nicolas Henri, was a geographical
engraver. He was born in Paris in 1746, and
died 1816.

TARDIEU, Jean Charles, called Cochin, was
the son of Jacques Nicolas Tardieu. He was born
in Paris in 1765, and studied under Regnault. He
painted agreat number of pictures for theGovern-
ment, which were placed in the Luxembourg, at
Versailles, St. Cloud, and Fontainebleau ; also in the
Museum at Rouen, and in the cathedral. In addi-
652



tion to these he exercised his pencil on classical
and poetical subjects for prii^ate indivi(Juals ; and
seems to have been fully employed during the
reigns of Napoleon, Louis XVIII., and Charles X.
He also made copies of several pictures by P.
de Champagne. He died in Paris the 3rd of April,
1830. There are examples of his work in the
Museums of Besangon, Havre, Versailles, and
Marseilles.

TARDIEU, Marie Anne. See Roussblet.

TARDIEU, Nicolas Henri, an eminent French
engraver, born in Paris in 1674, was first a pupil
of P. le Pautre, and was afterwards instructed by
Gerard, and by Benoit Audran. He was engaged
in some of the most important publications of his
time, and engraved several plates for the ' Collec-
tion Crozat,' the ' Galerie de Versailles,' and other
publications. He was received into the Academy
in Paris in 1720, and died in that city in 1749. The
following are among his best prints :

Louis Antoine, Duke d'Antiu ; after Rigaud ; engraved
for his reception plate at the Academy in 1720.

Jean Soanon, Bishop of Senez ; Nic. Tardieu ad vivmn
fecit. 1716.

Embarkation for Cythera ; after Watteau.

The Set of Alexander's Battles ; after Le Brun.

Four subjects of Roman History, in the form of friezes ;
after Rinaldo Mantovano.

Jupiter and Alcmene ; after Giulio Romano.

The Annunciation ; after Carlo Maratti.

The Holy Family, with Angels presenting Flowers and
Fruit ; after Andrea Luigi d^ Assist.

Adam and Eve ; after Domenichino.

The Scourging of Christ ; after Le Brun.

The Crucifixion ; after the same.

An emblematical Subject, representing the principal
qualifications of a perfect Minister : Secrecy, Fortitude,
and Prudence ; after Le Sueur.

Christ and the Woman of Samaria ; after N. Bertin.

Christ appearing to Mary Magdalene; after the same.

The Martyrdom of St. Peter ; after Seb. Bourdon. .

The Crucifixion ; after Joseph Parrocel.

The Conception ; after Antoine Coypd.

Apollo and Daphne ; after the same.

The "Wrath of Achilles ; after the same.

The Parting of Hector and Andromache ; after the same.

Vulcan presenting to Venus Armour for .Slneas ; after
the same.

Venus soliciting Jupiter in favour of .fflneas ; after the
same.

Juno directing jEolus to raise a Tempest against the
Fleet of .^neas ; after the same.

The three last form a series from the History
of jEneas, painted in the Palais Royal by Ant.
Coypel.

TARDIEU, Pierre Alexander, engraver,
nephew of Jacques Nicolas Tardieu, was born in
Paris in 1756, and was a pupil of J. G. Wille, and
afterwards of Nanteuil and Edelinck. He engraved
the portrait of Henry IV. of France, after F. Pour-
bus, for the ' Collection du Palais Royal.' Among
his scholars were Desnoyers, Bertonnier, and Auhert.
He died in Paris in 1844. Among his numerous
plates, the following may also be named :

St. Michael overcoming Lucifer ; after Raphael.

The Communion of St. Jerome ; after Domenichino.

Judith and Holofernes ; after Aliori,

Psyche abandoned; after Gerard.

Three portraits of Henry IV . ; ojfto' Janet &U&F. Fourbus.

Two of Voltaire ; after Largiltiere and Rovdon.

The Earl of Arundel ; after Van Dyck.

Marshal Ney ; after Gerard.

Napoleon in his Coronation robes ; after Isahey.

Marie Antoinette ; after Dumont.

Montesquieu, Paul Barras, and many other portraits.

TARDIEU, Pierre Franqois, was the nephew
of Nicolas Henri Tardieu, by whom he was in-



Tardif



PAINTERS AND ENGRAVERS.



Tatham



structed. He was born in Paris in 1720. His
plates, though inferior to those of his relatives, are
not without merit. We may name the following :

The Judgment of Paris ; after Btiiens,
Perseus aud Andromeda ; after the same.

He also engraved several architectural views after
Panini ; a set of plates for La Fontaine's ' Fables,'
after Oudry ; and several plates for Buffon's
' Natural History.' He died in Paris about 1774.

TARDIF, Olivier, a famous French glass painter
in the 16th century, who flourished at Rouen, where
he worked for the cathedral. His son Noel suc-
ceeded to his position, but was of inferior talent.

TARICCO, Sebastiano, painter, was born at
Cherasoo, in the Piedraontese, in 1645. He formed
his style by the study of Guido and Domenichino.
He died in 1710.

TARUFFI, Emilio, born at Bologna in 1633,
was a fellow-student with Carlo Cignani, under
Francesco Albano. In conjunction with Cignani,
he painted some pictures in the Palazzo Publico
at Bologna, and accompanying him to Rome, was
his coadjutor in his frescoes in S. Andrea della
Valle. Of his works at Bologna, the best are u
'Virgin presenting the Rosary to S. Domenico,' in
the church of S. Maria Nuova, and a ' Virgin,
with a glory of Angels, appearing to S. Celestine,'
in the church dedicated to that saint. He painted
landscape in the style of Albano. There is an
etching by him dated 8th May, 1651, when he
was only eighteen. He was assassinated in 1696.

TASOA, Ceistofoeo, painter, was born at Ber-
gamo in 1667. After learning the rudiments of
design in his native city, he studied the works of
Antonio Bellucci and Carlo Loti at Venice. He
established himself in Venice, where his best works
are, a ' Birth of the Virgin,' in the Cliiesa dell'
Assunzione ; a ' Death of St. Joseph,' in SS. Filippo
e Giacomo ; and a ' Nativity ' and ' Baptism of
Christ,' in^S. Marta. He died at Venice in 1737.

TASNIERE, G., was resident about the year
1670 at Turin, where he engraved part of a set of
prints from hunting subjects and portraits painted
by Jan Miel, in the palace of the Duke of Savoy,
which were published at Turin in 1674, and entitled
' La Venaria reale Palazzo di piacere,' &c. He also
engraved several plates from the pictures of
Domenico Piola, in a coarse, tasteless style.

TASSAERT, Jean Pieree, painter, born at
Antwerp in 1651, was the son of Pieree Tassaeet,
a painter of Antwerp. Jean Pierre became free of
the Guild of S. Luke in 1690, and dean in 1701.
He was the grandfather of Philip Joseph Tassaert.
He painted interiors and historical subjects, but
ffew of his works are now extant. There were
formerly eight pictures by him in the hall of the
suppressed Company of Diamond Polishers, con-
taining scenes from the lives of St. Peter and St.
Paul. In the Museum at Antwerp there is a
' Meeting of Philosophers ' by him. He- died in
1725.

TASSAERT, Nicolas Fbanqois Octave, painter,
born in Paris in 1800, studied under Girard and
Lethifere, and in the Boole des Beaux Arts. He
painted portraits, historical subjects, and genre.
Tassaert had a lifp of misery, and his works are
of a melancholy character. The best, perhaps, is
'The Unfortunate Family,' in the Luxembourg.
We may also name :

Early Christians celebrating the Eucharist in the Cata-
combs (Bordeaux Museum),



Heaven and Hell (Montpellier Museum).

Portrait of Himself (do.).
He committed suicide by inhaling carbonic acid gas,
in Paris, in 1874.

TASSAERT, Philip Joseph, a Flemish painter,
born at Antwerp in 1732, was painter to Prince
Charles of Lorraine. He migrated to England
early in his career, and worked as journeyman for
Hudson. In 1769 he became a member, and in 1775
president, of the Incorporated Society of Artists,
where his works were chiefly exhibited. He prac-
tised as a picture restorer and dealer, and also
scraped some plates. He died in London in 1803.
Amongst his plates are :

Jonah thrown into the Sea ; after Rubens.

The "Woman taken in Adultery ; after the same.

The Virgin and Child, with St. Elizabeth and St. John ;

after the same.
The Martyrdom of St. Lawrence ; afte^' the same.
The Parting of Venus and Adonis ; after the same.
The Eubens Family ; after the same. 1768.
Kubens' three Children ; after the sajne.
3. Harrison ; after T. King. 1768.
The Four Ages ; after a drawing hy himself. 1768.

TASSEL, Pierre, a French painter of the 16th
century, was born at Langres in 1521. The details
of his career are unknown. At the Troyes Museum
there is an ' jBneas carrying Anchises' by him.

TASSEL, Richard, born at Langres in 1588, was
the pupil of his father, Pierre Tassel. When he
was eighteen he went to Italy, and entered the
school of Guido Reni at Bologna, moving after-
wards to Rome. On his return to France he ob-
tained a civil appointment, but still practised as a
painter and sculptor. His works are to be found
at Langres, Lyons, and Dijon. He died, according
to the date on his epitaph, in 1660, though there
is a 'St. Martina' by him, dated 1663. His son,
Jean Tassel, born at Langres in 1608, was also a
painter, and his father's pupil. He died in 1667.

TASSI, Agostino, whose family name was Buon-
amioi, was born at Perugia in 1565, and studied
at Rome under Paul Bril, although he called him-
self a disciple of the Carracci. He painted land-
scapes in the style of Bril, and was rising into
fame, when, for some unexplained offence, he was
sent to the galleys at Leghorn. During his con-
finement he occupied himself in drawing the mari-
time objects with which he was surrounded, and
after his liberation they became the favourite
subjects of his pictures. He painted sea-ports,
calm seas with shipping and fishing-boats, and
occasionally storms. He also excelled in archi-
tectural and perspective views. Agostino Tassi
was ihe master of Claude Lorraine. He died at
Rome in 1644. He has left a few slight but spirited '
etchings, of storms at sea and shipwrecks.

TATE, William, an English portrait painter,
born about the middle of the 18th century. He
studied under Wright of Derby, and practised suc-
cessively in Liverpool, London, Manchester, and
Bath. He was a member of the Incorporated
Society, with whom he exhibited, as well as with
the Royal Academy, from 1771 to 1804. He died
at Bath in 1806.

TATHAM, Charles Heathcote, architect, was
also known as a draughtsman and etcher. He was
born in 1770, studied in Italy, and was elected
a member of the Academies of Rome and Bologna.
In 1799 he published ' Etchings from the best
Examples of Ancient Ornamental Architecture,
drawn from the Originals at Rome ' ; in 1806 two
volumes, 'Etchings representing Fragments of

653



Tatorao



A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF



Tavernier



Grecian and Roman Architectural Ornaments,' and
'Designs for Ornamental Plate'; and in 1811,
'The Gallery at Castle Howard,' and ' The Gallery
at Brocklesby.' He died in April, 1842.

TATORAO, v., engraved a set of one hundred
and fifty wood-cuts for an edition of Ovid's
'Metamorphoses,' published in 1537; and a print
of the ' Annunciation,' for a Prayer-book of 1530.

TAUBBRT, GuSTAV, painter, was born at Berh'n
in 1755. His father, an obscure painter, was his
first teacher, and he improved himself by copying
the pictures in the Dresden Gallery. He after-
wards went to Warsaw, where from 1785 to 1794
he painted portraits in pastel and historical pic-
tures. In 1800 he went to Berlin, and became
superintendent of the porcelain factory, and soon
after court painter. He became a member of the
Berlin Academy, and died in that city in 1839.

TAULER, (or Tauliee,) Jean, painter and
engraver, was born at Brussels, and established
himself at Liege about 1600. He there married
a sister of the painter, Simon Damery, and in-
structed her in painting. Pictures by him are to
be found in several churches and convents of Li^ge.
He died in 1640.

TAUNAY, Adeien, son of Auguste Taunay,
the sculptor, and nephew of Nicolas Antoine, held
the post of second draughtsman on the French
corvette' Uranie.' A number of his natural history
designs were engraved about 1824.

TAUNAY, F:fiLix, painter, born in Paris about
1796, was the son and pupil of Nicolas Antoine.
He accompanied his father on his Brazilian ex-
pedition, and on the return of the latter to France
remained in Brazil, and accepted the post of
Director of the Academy of Rio de Janeiro, which
Nicolas Taunay had founded. He painted chiefly
Brazilian scenery. He died in 1881.

TAUNAY, Nicolas Antoine, painter, was born
in Paris in 1755. He was the pupil successively
of Bronet and of Casanova. He was received by
the Paris Academy in 1784, but never became a
full Academician. Thi-oughthe influence of D'Ar-
genvilliers he was admitted to the privileges of
the Roman pension without competition, and
passed three years in study in Rome. He was a
foundation member of the Institute in 1795. In
1815 Taunay went to Brazil with several other
French artists, and founded an academy at Rio
Janeiro. In 1824 he returned to France, and
painted in Paris till his death. He painted several
of the battles and victories of Napoleon, and a
great number of pictures in various other genres.
He died in Paris in 1830. Works:

Montpellier. Museum. A Village FSte.

, , „ A Game of Bowls.

Paris. Louvre. Exterior of a Field Hospital in

Italy : and several others.
Versailles. Museum. Battle of Bbersberg.

„ „ Bonaparte receiving Prisoners on

the Battle-field.
„ „ The French Army descending the

Great St. Bernard : arid several
others.

TAUPIN, Maheicb Hippolyte, painter, born in
France in 1795. He was a pupil of Budelot, and
though the author of a few original works, is best
known as an excellent restorer and transferrer of
pictures.

TAUREL, Andr]5 BenoIt, engraver, born in
Paris in 1794, was a. pupil of Bervic, and entered
the Ecole des Beaux Arts in 1809. He gained the
' Prix de Rome ' in 1818. His portrait of the Czar

654



Nicholas I., after Kriiger, was exhibited at the Salon
in 1844.

TAUREL, Jean Jacques, painter, born at Tou-
lon in 1757. He was a pupil of Doyen, and ex-
hibited at the Salon from 1793 onwards. Many of
his works celebrated the exploits of the Republican
armies. Among such were : ' The Heroic End of
the Vengeur,^ ' Burning of the Port of Toulon, and
its abandonment by the English ' (painted for the
Nation). His ' Entry of the French Army into
Naples, January 21st, 1799,' is at Versailles.
Many of his pictures have been lithographed. He
died in Paris in 1832.

TAVARONE, Lazzaro, painter, was born at
Genoa in 1556. He was a favourite disciple of
Luca Cambiaso, whom ho accompanied to Spain
in 1683. He assisted him in his great work in the
Bscurial, and, after the death of Cambiaso, was
employed to finish the paintings left imperfect by
that master. He remained for some years in the
service of the King of Spain, and returned rich to
Genoa in 1594. His principal works there are his
frescoes in the tribune of the cathedral, represent-
ing subjects from the life of S. Lorenzo, and the
fagade of the Dogana, or Custom-house, on which
he painted a St. (Jeorge and the Dragon. He also
painted scenes from the life of Columbus, and the
victory of the Genoese at Antwerp in the Saluzzo
Palace at Albaro. He died in 1641.

TAVELLA, Carlo Antonio, called II Solfa-
ROLA, was born at Milan in 1668. He was a
scholar of Peter Molyn, called II Tempesta, whose
vigorous manner he followed with a spirit which
earned him the name of II Solfarola. He afterwards
adopted a style distinguished by more amenity,
and became the chief landscape painter of Genoa.
He died at Genoa in 1738. He had two daughters,
Angiola and Teresa, who painted landscapes, and
lived about the middle of the 18th century.

TAVENER, William, an English amateur
painter, born in 1703, whose profession was that of
a proctor in Doctors' Commons. He painted land-
scapes, and was further known as the author of
two plays, ' The Maid the Mistress,' 1732, and the
' Artful Husband,' 1735. He died October 20, 1772.

TAVERNER, Jeremiah, an English portrait
painter, practising in the first half of the 18th
century. His portrait of Defoe was engraved by M.
Vandergncht, and his own portrait by John Smith.

TAVERNIER, Franqois, a French historical
painter, was born in Paris in 1659. Ho became a
member of the Academy in 1704, and a professor
in 1724. He sent three pictures to the Salon of
1704, and died in Paris, September 10th, 1725.

TAVERNIER, — ■ — , painter, was born at Vannes,
in France, but passed the greater part of his life in
Belgium, where he painted landscapes, views of
towns, &c. He died at Brussels in 1869.

TAVERNIER, Melchiob, a French engraver,
who practised in Paris about the year 1630. He
was a print-seller as well as an engraver, and was
appointed engraver and copper-plate printer to the
king in 1618. His prints are chieflj portraits ;
but he also engraved some ornamental subjects
from his own designs. Among his plates we may
name eight of Gardes Fran^aises, and fifty^seven
small plates of ' Chevaliers du Saint Esprit ' ; also :

A Bust of the Duke of Alencon, crowned with laurel.

An Equestrian Statue of Henry IV. of France ; in-
scribed, Melchior Tavernier a Paris, gravevr et iiiipri'
meur du Hot, ^c. 1627.

He died in Paris in 1641, at an advanced age.



Taylor



PAINTERS AND ENGRAVERS.



Tegliaccio



TAYLOR, Alexander, an English miniature
painter, who was an occasional exhibitor at the
Royal Academy from 1776 to 1796.

TAYLOR, Charles, an English engraver, born
in London in 1748. He studied under Bartolozzi,
and produced many plates after Angelica Kauff-
mann. His works appeared at the Incorporated
Society between 1776 and 1782.

TAYLOR, Edward Clodgh, amateur, of Kirk-
ham Abbey, Yorkshire, has left a number of clever
etchings. He was a graduate of Trinity College,
Cambridge, taking his M.A. in 1814. He died in
1851, aged sixty-five.

TAYLOR, Isaac, an English engraver, born at
Worcester in 1730. In the early part of his career
he worked successively as a brass-founder, as a
silversmith, and as a surveyor. Then devoting
himself to engraving, he found much employment
in book illustration, for which he frequently fur-
nished the designs. His best work was done
for an edition of ' Sir Charles Grandison.' Many
of his plates are to be found in the ' Gentleman's
Magazine.' From 1774 to its dissolution, he acted
as secretary of the Incorporated Society of Artists,
where many of his works appeared. He died at
Edmonton, October 17th, 1807.

TAYLOR, Isaac, the son of the last-named, and
an English engraver, was born in London about
1760. He studied under Bartolozzi, and worked
much for Alderman Boydell, for whose Bible he
made designs. Before he was forty he retired into
Suffolk, and passed the remainder of his life as a
dissenting minister. He was the father of Jane
and Ann Taylor, the writers of ' Original Poems.'
He died at Ongar, December 11th, 1829. Amongst
his best plates are:

Henry the Eighth's First Sight of Anne Boleyn ; after

Stothard.
Falstaff and his Tormentors ; after Smirke.
Assassination of Bizzio ; after Opie. 1791.

TAYLOR, Isidore JnsTiN S]&v:fiRiN, Baeon,
painter, engraver, and art-writer, was born at
Brussels, of French parents, in 1789. He studied
at the Ecole Polytcchnique, but afterwards became
the pupil of Suvee, and attracted notice by various
articles on art matters. In 1811 he visited Bel-
gium, Holland, Germany, and Italy, but.the events
of the day recalled him to France, and he served
for some time in the army, notably in the Spanish
campaign after the Bourbon restoration. On the
conclusion of peace he retired from military life,
and resumed his art work. It was at his instance
that negotiations were opened with the Pacha of
Egypt for removal of the Luxor obelisk, and its
erection in the Place de la Concorde as a monu-
ment to the French victories in Egypt. Taylor
was despatched to Egypt on this errand in 1830.
He exhibited occasionally at the Salon, and some
of his books of travel were illustrated with his own
plates, as ' Voyages Pittoresques en Espagne, en
Portugal, et sur la cote d'Afrique ' (1826-1832).
He founded the Association des Artistes in 1844,
was several times premiated, became a member of
the ' Institut ' in 1847, and a senator in 1869. He
died in Paris, September 6th, 1879.

TAYLOR, James, an English engraver, born at
Worcester in 1745. He was the younger brother
of the elder Isaac Taylor, with whom he worked.
Anker Smith was his pupil. He exhibited at the
Incorporated Society between 1770 and 1776. He
died in London in 1797.



TAYLOR, John, an English portrait painter, who
practised at Oxford in the 17th century. He was
the nephew of Taylor, the water-poet. His por-



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