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Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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traits of his uncle (painted in 1656) and of himself
are in the Bodleian.

TAYLOR, John, an English marine and land-
scape painter, was born about the middle of the
18th century, at Bath. He practised in London as
a painter, and also etched a few plates. He died
at his native place in 1806.

TAYLOR, John, known as 'Old Taylor,' born
in London in 1739, was the son of an officer in the
Customs, and a scholar of Francis Hayman. His
early practice was that of taking likenesses in
pencil, but afterwards, by the advice of his friends,
Paul Sandby and J. A. Gresse, he adopted the
business of teaching. By this he accumulated a
sufficient sum to retire with comfort. He used
to be called the father of the English school, as
he was an original member of the Society of In-
corporated Artists, and survived all the rest. He
died in London on the 21st of November, 1838.

TAYLOR, Simon, an eminent painter of botanical
subjects, was employed by Lord Bute about 1760 ;
and afterwards by Dr. Fothergill. The collection
of plants he painted for the latter was sold to the
Empress of Russia for £2000 ; those be painted for
Lord Bute were sold by auction in 1794, and are
now to be found in various collections. It is be-
lieved that Taylor died in 1798.

TAYLOR, 'Thomas, an English engraver and
print-seller, who practised in London from 1680 to

TAYLOR, Thomas, an English engraver, who
flourished towards the end of the 18th century.
He engraved several plates for the collections
published by Boydell, among them the following ;

Henry VIII. ; after Opie. {For the Shakespeare Gallery.)
Democritus and Protagoras ; after Salv. Rosa.
A Flemish Collation ; after Van Harp.
Two emblematical Vignettes from the designs of J.

~ TAYLOR, William Dean, an English line en-
graver, born in 1794, who obtained a considerable
reputation. He died in 1857. His best plates

Acis and Galatea ; after B. Cook.

The Duke of Wellington ; after Sir T. Lawrence.

TAYLOR, William B. Sarsfibld, a landscape
and battle painter, born at Dublin in 1781. His
early years were spent in the Army Commissariat,
and he served in the Peninsula. Devoting himself
to art, he exhibited at the Royal Academy and the
British Institution between 1820 and 1847. During
his latter years he was curator of the St. Martin's
Lane Academy. As a painter he did not achieve
much reputation ; but he became known as an art
writer. He died in 1860.

TEDESCO, Adamo. See Elsheimer.

TEERLINK, Abraham, a Dutch landscape and
animal painter, was baptized at Dordrecht in 1776.
His studies were directed by Versteeg and Arie
Lamme. He spent some time in 1808 in England,
and also in France, where he received advice from
David. The latter part of his life was passed at
Rome, where he died in 1867. There are by him :

Amsterdam. R. Museum. Italian Landscape. 1823.
,, „ Cascade at Tivoli. 1824.

Munich. Finakothek. View of Aricia.

TEGLIACCIO, Niccol6 di Ser Sozzo, a Sienese
miniaturist, who flourislied about the middle of the





14th century, and died in 1363. His only known
worlc is an 'Assumption,' forming tlie frontispiece
to tlie ' Codex Caleffo,' in the Aroliivio Delle
EiformaKioni, at Siena.

TEICHEL, WiLHELM, engraver, born at Berlin
in 1816, executed the following plates :

A Roman Woman with a Child in her Lap ; after E.

Italian Country Girl ; after Soqueplan.

A Hartz Mountain Girl ; after E. Met/erheini.

Frederick the Great ; after Kaulhach.

He died in 1873.

TEISSIER, Jan Gboeg, born at the Hague in
1750, painted portraits and landscapes in a very
respectable manner, but was better known as a
copyist and restorer of ' old masters.' He had suffi-
cient merit to win him a place on the direction
of the Hague Academy of Design, and on that of
the Museum. He died at the Hague in 1821.

TEISSIER, Jean, a French engraver, who
practised in Paris about 1770. He was a scholar
of Philip le Bas ; among his plates we may name :

Les Mangeurs de Huitres ; after JBeiiard,

Le Marchand de Poissoas de Dieppe ; after the same.

TEJADA, Moreno, a Spanish engraver, who
made some plates for the quarto edition of the 'Con-
quest of Mexico,' published at Madrid in 1783.

TBLBTN, William, one of the most successful
of English scene-painters, was born in 1813. One
of his best works was his drop-scene for the ' Over-
land Route,' at Drury Lane theatre. He was a
member of the Institute of Painters in Water-Colours,
though not a contributor to their exhibition, and
exhibited on rare occasions at the Royal Academy
and British Artists' Gallery. Towards the close
of his life he became a confirmed invalid, having
suffered much from shock at the death of a son
killed by an avalanche in the Alps. He died in

TELLIER, Jean lb. See Letellier.

TELMAN VON WESEL, a German engraver, of
whose personal history very little is known. He
was a goldsmith engraver, working at Wesel in
the first years of the 16th century. The British
Museum has a collection of circular playing cards
by him, and the three following plates may also be
named :

The Virgin and Child on the crescent moon, with a
Knight adoring ; Signed : Telbman ■ op ■ den ■ dich •


letters T. "W.
St. Christopher.
St. Crispin and St. Crispinian.

TEMINI, Giovanni. The name of this engraver
is afQxed to a portrait of Carlo Gonzales, Duke of
Mantua, which is dated 1622.

TEMMEL, (ToMMEL,) Anton, painter, was
a native of Silesia, and flourished in the first part
of the 19th century. He studied first at the
Munich Academy and afterwards at Rome, where
he remained for some time making copies of the
old masters, such as the ' Madonna di Poligno,'
and ' Transfiguration,' after Raphael ; ' Aurora,' after
Guido Reni ; 'Diana,' after Domenichino. His
last work was a copy of Raphael's ' Dispute of the
Sacrament,' for the King of Prussia. He died at
Rome in 1841.

TEMMINCK, H. C., a Dutch female painter, by
whom there is a picture in the Rijks Museum at
Amsterdam. She was painting about 1841, but
nothing is known of her life except that she was
the pupil of L. H. de Fontenay.


TEMPEL. See Van den Tempel.

TEMPEST, Pierce, an English mezzotint en-
graver, was born about the middle of the 17th cen-
tury. He was pupil and assistant to Hollar. With
engraving he combined the trade of print-gelling.
He is best known by his ' Cries and Habits of
London,' (60 plates,) after Old Laroon, published
in 1688. He also published a translation of C.
Ripa's ' Iconologia,' in 1709. He died in London
in 1717. Amongst his plates are :

Charles I. ; after Van Dyck.

Charles II.

Nell Gwyn.

James II. ; after Lely.

Mary of Modena, Qaeen of James II. ; after the same.

Sir T. Killigrew.

Roger L'Bstrange.

Ernest, Count Stare mbergh.

William, Prince of Orange.

William III.

Portrait of himself, with the motto Cavete voUs Principes.

Andromeda ; after An. Carracei.

Susannah and the Elders ; after Cornelissen (?).

TEMPEST A, Antonio, born at Florence in 1565,
was first a disciple of Santi di Tito, but after-
wards studied under Stradanus. His favourite
subjects were battles, cavalcades, huntings, and
processions, which he composed well, and painted
with spirit. During a long residence at Rome he
was much employed by Gregory XIII. in the gallery
and loggie of the Vatican ; and by the Marohese
Giustiniani in the decorations of his palace. He
also drew many designs for tapestries. In the
church of S. Stefano Rotondo there is a fine 'Murder
of the Innocents ' by Tempesta. He also left some
1800 etchings. With the exception of occasional
extravagance in design, they are very able perform-
ances. He usually marked his plates with one of

these monograms, 'J^ , /hi • _Pj . ^$/ \.

Among his numerous prints are the following:

A set of plates from the Old Testament, generally

called Tempesta's Bible.
Twenty-four plates from the Life of St. Anthony.
A set of one hundred and fifty prints from Ovid's

' Metamorphoses.'
The Lahours of Hercules ; thirteen plates.
The Ages of Man ; four plates.
The Entry of Alexander into Babylon.
Diana and Actseon.

The Crucifixion ; inscribed Ant. Tempestas. 1612.
Many plates of Battles, Hunts, and Cavalcades.

He died at Florence in 1630.

TEMPESTA, (Tkmpestino,) Domenico. See

TEMPESTA, PiETEO. See Molyn, Pietbr.

TEMPESTI, Giovanni Battista, born at Vol-
terra in 1729, studied in Pisa and Rome. On
his return from Rome to Pisa he painted for the
church of S. Domenico scenes from the life of
S. Ghiara Gambacorti, and for the cathedral the
' Celebration of Mass by Pope Eugenius III.' He
painted the music-hall in the Pitti Palace at
Florence for Leopold I,, also several frescoes in
palaces and villas in Pisa. His largest fresco is the
' Last Supper,' in the cathedral of Pisa ; his best,
perhaps, the ' Death of S. Ranieri,' in the Oratory
of S. Vito, where his oil painting, the 'Martyrdom
of S. Ursula ' is also to be seen. He died at Pisa
in 1804.

TEMPLE, W. W., wood engraver, was one of
Bewick's apprentices. For his master's 'British
Birds ' he engraved the plates of the rough-legged




falcon, pigmy sand-piper, red sand-piper, and the
eared grebe. He never practised independently,
for at the close of his apprenticeship he gave up
art, and went into business as a linen-draper.

TEMPLETOWN, Viscountess, {n^e Lady Mart
Montague,) was born about 1770. She designed
some groups for china, which were executed by
Messrs. Wedgwood. There is at South Kensington
an Indian ink drawing by her. She died in 1824.

TEMPORELLO, II. See Caselli.

TEN GATE, Hendbik Gerrit, a Dutch painter,
was born at Amsterdam in 1803. He painted town

views, winter scenes, &c., with moderate ability.
He died in 1866.

TEN COMPE, Jan, born at Amsterdam in 1713,
was a scholar of Dirk Dalens the younger. He
painted landscapes, river scenes, views of cities and
villages, among which were several different views
of the Hague. His best pictures approach those
of Berck-Heijde and Van der Heijde. He died in

TENTERS : the pedigree of the Teniers family
is thus given by Wauters :

Julian Teniera, or Talaner, of Ath,
settled in Antwerp 1558 ; died 1685.

Julian (II.).

David (I ),

Julian (ni), Theodore '(L),
master iu 1636. master in 1636.

David (II.),

Juliai (IV.), TheoJove (II.)
1618—1679. 1019-1697.


David (III.).
1638—1686. mar. J

Erasmus Quellinus.

David (IV.),


TENIERS, Abraham, the younger brother of
David Teniers the Younger, was born at Antwerp
in the year 1629, and instructed in art both by his
father and brother. He painted Flemish festivals
in the style of David Teniers the Younger, and
though his pictures are inferior both in the colour
and handling, they are sometimes mistaken for the
productions of his brother. There is by him a
' Portrait of a Prelate,' in the Hermitage at Peters-
burg, and an 'Armoury' in the Gallery at Madrid.
He died in 1670.

TENIERS, David, the Elder, was born at Antwerp
in 1582. His father was one Julian Teniers, a
mercer, who died in 1685, leaving also an elder
son Julian, who was David's first master. The
latter afterwards entered the school of Eubens.
He for some time applied himself to historical
painting, and visited Italy. His genius leading
him to landscape painting, he placed himself under
the tuition of Adam Elsheimer, at Rome, and
studied under that master for six years. On his
return to Flanders he painted rural sports, merry-
makings, temptations of St. Anthony, fortune-tell-
ers, &c. He treated those subjects with con-
siderable humour and ingenuity, but his fame has
been eclipsed by that of his son. Works :



Temptation of St. Anthony.






A Tillage Fair, and six less im
portant examples.


Nat. Gal.

A Eocky Landscape.


A Village Scene.


Playing at Bowls.



A Eocky Landscape.



Village Scene, with Peasant.


. Hermitage.

A Painter in his studio.



Two Landscapes.



Juno, Jupiter, and lo.
Vertumnus and Pomona.



Pan, Nymph, and Satyr.


Four Landscapes.

The following etchings are ascribed to the elder
Teniers :

A Pilgrim, with his staff and chaplet.
A Peasant putting a plaster on his hand.
Bust of a Peasant with a fur cap.

He died at Antwerp in 1649.

TENIERS, David, the Younger, was born at
Antwerp in 1610, and baptized in the church of St.
Jacques on the 15th of December. His father was

David Teniers the Elder, his mother Dympne Corne-
lissen de Wilde, the daughter of a captain working
on the Scheldt. There is no record of the year in
wliich his apprenticeship to art began, or of the
master who first taught him. This, however, was
no doubt his father, of whose style the son's is, in
fact, a sublimation. It has often been siiid that
after leaving the paternal studio, be workL'd first
under Bi'ouwer and afterwards under Rubens.
But of this no proof is forthcoming. Teniers and
Rubens were, it is known, intimate friends, but the
friendship does not seem to have begun until after
the former had been received as u, master by the
Corporation of St. Luke. It may have had its
origin in the choice of a wife made by Teniers.
On the 22nd July, 1637, he married Anne, the
daughter of Jan Brueghel, and a pupil of Rubens.
She had been baptized in 1620, so cannot have
been more than seventeen years of age. By her
Teniers had five children, two sons and three
daughters. Anne died in 1666, and six months
laterTeniers married Isabel, the daughter of Andreas
de Fren, secretary to the Council of Brabant.
By her he had three children, two sons and a

It is said, upon doubtful authority, that at first
Teniers was unsuccessful as a painter, and had
much difficulty in selling his pictures. If this were
the case at all, it can only have been for a very
short time, as by the date of his first marriage ho
must have been in comfortable circumstances. In
1644-5 he was dean of the Guild of St. Luke, and
was appointed painter to the governor. Archduke
Leopold William, who loaded him with gifts and
commissions. Teniers set himself to make copies
of the pictures, more than two hundred in number,
in ihe Archduke's collection, and afterwards pub-
lished plates from them. The Archduke's successor,
Don Juan of Austria, the natural son of Philip IV.,
confirmed Teniers in his post, and even, it is said,
practised art under his tuition. However this may
be, it is certain that his father, Philip IV., con-
ceived a great admiration for the Flemish master,
and acquired those examples of his art which make
the Madrid Gallery so rich in the work of Teniers.
According to Cornelius de Bie, he also found favour
with Queen Christina of Sweden, who sent him a,
gold chain and her portrait, and was sent to
England to buy Italian pictures for the Count of





In 1650 Teniers migrated from Antwerp to
Brussels, becoming owner also of the famous coun-
try-house near Berok, of wliich we catch so many
glimpses in his pictures.

In 1663 Teniers took an active part in founding
the Antwerp Academy of the Fine Arts. In the
same year he solicited admission to the ranks
of the noblesse, declaring his family to be " honor-
able, originaire de Haynaut, earlier d'Ath," and
describing the shield they had 'de tout temps
port6,' thus: "Argent, a un ours au naturel, au
chef d'azur, a trois glands d'or ranges ; le heaume
ouvert et treill6, bourrelet et hachements d'argent
et d'azur ; cimier, un ours naissant au blason de
r^cu, tenant en sa patte droite'un gland d'or."
The result of his appeal seems to have been a
recommendation that it should be granted, on con-
dition that he no longer publiclj' exercised his
profession for gain. This condition, perhaps, was
fatal, for no more is heard of liis nobility. Teniers
died at Brussels on the 5th April, 1694, and was
interred at Perck, in the neighbourhood of his
chateau of Dry Toren. His second wife, Isabel,
had preceded him to the grave.

The pictures of Teniers are innumerable. He
painted nearly every kind of subject, but his finest
art is confined to scenes from peasant life, which
lend themselves most thoroughly to iiis faculty for
rapid creation, for incisive, dexterous handling, and
for the cooler harmonies of colour. Smith's cata-
logue enumerates nearly seven hundred pictures
by his hand, and every important museum pos-
sesses a selection. In the following list only the
more important and more accessible are included :
Amsterdam. R. Museum. Ttie Guard-room.
„ „ Tlie Hour of Kest.

„ „ The Village Idii.

„ „ The Temptation of S. Anthony.

„ „ Kermesse.

„ „ The Farm.

„ „ The Players.

Museum. Panorama of Yalenciennes.
„ Flemish peasants drinking.

„ Morning.

„ Afternoon.

„ Old "Woman cutting Tobacco.

GaXlei'y. An Alchemist in his Laboratory.
„ The Backgammon Players.

„ Teniers and his Family.

„ Temptation of S. Anthony.

„ The Sacrament of the Miracle

of S. Gudula.
„ A Party at Table.

„ Kermesse.

„ The Kich Man in Hell.

Museum. The Five Senses.
„ The Village Doctor.

„ Flemish Landscape.

„ Kermesse.

„ Interior of the Archduke Leo-

pold 'William's Gallery.
„ Temptation of S. Anthony.

Portrait of a Man in black.
A Village Fair (signed and

dated 1641).
Peasants in an Alehouse.
A Young Man sitting near an

overturned cask.
Guard-room, with Deliverance

of S. Peter. _
Peasants drinking and playing

Great Kermesse.
Peasants at Dinner.

And sixteen others.
Hustle Cap.
Peasants merrymaking.
The Prodigal Son as Swineherd.
Brickmaking in a landscape







JVat. Gallery.






Nat. Gall.



Hampton Court. Palace.

London. Nat. Gall.

Bndyeioater Gall.

Buckingham Pal.

Luton House.







Figure of a Pilgrim.

Figure of a Female Pilgrim.

A White Horse with a Chaff-

A Castle and its Proprietor.

The Guard-room.

Peasants Playing Skittles.

S. Peter weeping (pasticcio).

Man and Old Woman at an Inn.

"Woody landscape.

Flemish landscape.


A Hunting Party.

The Miseries of "War.


A Surgical Case.

S. Jerome.

Peasants before a Fire.

Landscape with figures.
A nd three others^ pasticcios.

The Alchemist.

Kitchen Interior.

Interior of a Farm.
And several copies and pasiiccios.

A Music Party.

Boors regaling.

The Misers.

Players at Tric-trac.

An Old Woman peeling a Pear.

Teniers' Chateau at Perck.

The Four Seasons (/oMC^Vto'es).

River Scene.

The Surprise.

Dives, or the Rich Man in Hell.

The Village F4te (Fete aux

The Toper.

Alchemist in his Laboratory.
Village "Wedding.

Peasants playing Cards,
Boors playing Cards.
Same subject.

A View in Flanders — Winter.
Dutch Peasants Merry-making.
Boors playing Cards.
Kitchen Interior.
Landscape with a Chateau and

Le Tambour JBaitant.
The Alchemist.

And seven others.
Robbers plundering a Farm-
Card Players.
Landscape with Peasants

The Ninepins' Players.
A Village Festival.
Le Soi Boit.
The Alchemist.
A Surgical Operation.
The Temptation of S. Anthony.
Picture Gallery of theArchduke

Leopold William.
The Story of Armida, in twelve

And thirty-three others.
Scene in a Tavern.
The same subject.
The Alchemist (a portrait of

Four Views of the Archduke

Leopold William's Gallery.
Great Fair before the church of
Santa Maria dell' Imprunata,
A Peasant smoking.
And eighteen others.
S. Peter's denial.
The Prodigal Son with Courte-
The Seven Works of Mercy.
Temptation of S. Anthony.
Village Festival.




Paris. Louvre. An Inn by a River.

„ „ Feasants dancing before an Inn.

„ „ Alehouse Interior.

„ „ The same subject.

„ „ Heron-hawking.

„ „ The Smoker.

„ „ The Knife-grinder.

„ „ The Piper.

„ „ Portrait of an Old Man.

„ „ The Soap-bubbles.

Atid twenty-one in the La Case Collection,
Petersburg. Hermitage. Corporation of Crossbowmen of
S. Sebastian,
„ „ A Guard-room,

„ „ A Village Festival.

„ „ Wedding Peast.

„ „ The ' Angel ' Inn.

„ „ Kermesse.

„ „ Card Players.

And thirty-three others.
Vienna. Gailery. The Archduke Leopold William

bringing down the Bird.
„ „ The Archduke Leopold Wil-

liam's Picture Gallery.
5, „ The Old Man with the kitchen

„ „ Village Wedding.

„ „ Bobbers plundering a Village.

„ „ Peasants shooting with Bows

and Arrows.
„ „ The Sausage-maker.

And twelve others.

TENIERS, David III., painter, born at Antwerp
in 1638, was the eldest of the eleven children of
David Teniers the Younger. Helena Fourment, the
wife of Rubens, was his godmother. He was taken
to Brussels by his father when very young, and
afterwards sent to Spain to complete his education.
Tlie respectability of his talents is sufiSoiently shown
by his having been his father's collaborator in
many works, and also by the fact that the pictures
of the two are often confounded. M. Wauters, in
his ' Flemish School of Painting,' points out that it
was David III., and not liis father, who signed his
pictures and cartoons David Teniers junior. A
' S. Dominic,' which still exists in the church at
Perck, is a case in point. David III. died at
Brussels in 1685. His son, David IV., was also a
painter. He was born in 1672, settled in Portugal,
and died at Lisbon in 1771.

TENIERS, Jdlian, painter, another son of
Julian, the mercer, has been often confounded
with his father. He was born in 1672, and was
therefore older than his brother, David Teniers the
Elder, who was bound his apprentice in 1595. He
stood godfather to David the Younger in 1610. Of
his own works nothing definite is known. He died
in 1615.

TENNANT, John, an English painter, born in
London in 1796. He painted at first subject
pictures, such as 'Meg Merrilies,' 'The Old Smug-
gler,' 'The Old Forester,' but afterwards turned
his attention to landscape. In 1842 he became a
member of the Society of British Artists. He
exhibited occasionally at the Academy between
1820 and 1847. He died in 1872.

TEOSCOPOLI. See Theotocopuli.

TERASSON, H., engraver, practised in London
early in the 18th century. He engraved some
entomological plates, and, in 1713, a ' View of the
Banqueting-House, Whitehall,' from his own design.

TER-BORCH, Gerard, commonly called Tek-
BUBG, was bom at Zwolle in 1617, and studied art
under his father, an obscure painter, who had visited
Italy ; he was afterwards sent to Haarlem, and
also visited Germany and Italy. He was very


successful in his eaily years in the painting of
portraits on a small scale. In 1646 — 1648 he
was at Milnster, where the plenipotentiaries of
Spain and the delegates of the Dutch provinces
were met to ratify the treaty of peace with Philip
IV. His picture of that event, with the portraits
of the assemWed delegates, is considered his master-
piece, and is now in the National Gallery. He
was fond of painting series of pictures, with some
slight dramatic connection. Ter-borch visited the
court of Spain, and was received with honour
by Philip IV., who knighted him. He also visited
the courts of France and England, but left no
traces of his visit. On his return to Holland he
probably resided for a time at Haarlem, but
finally settled at Deventer, where he married his
cousin, and became a member of the town council,
and afterwards Burgomaster. His portrait in this
capacity, iu the Hague Museum, painted by himself
about the year 1660, represents him wearing a
miijestic wig, the curls of which shade a long and
somewhat melancholy face ; the nose well shaped
and long ; the mouth firm and shaded with a greyish
moustache. Terboroh often introduces his own
figure into his pictures. His life appears to have

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 146 of 201)