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Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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in 1822-4. He died at Lincoln in 1847.

THOMPSON, Jambs, born at Mitford, in Northum-
berland, about 1790, was the son of a clergyman.
He was apprenticed to an engraver in London, and
at the close of his apprenticeship worked with his
master for two years, at the end of which he set up
for himself, and became well known by the follow-
ing plates :

The three nieces of the Duke of 'WeUiugton ; after

The Queen on Horseback ; after Sir F. Grant.
Prince Albert ; after Sir W. Boss.
The Bishop of London ; after G. Bichmond.

He also engraved several plates for ' Lodge's
Portraits,' and the 'Townley Marbles.' He died
in London, September 27, 1850.

THOMPSON, James Robert, an English
draughtsman, lived in the early part of the 19th
century. He worked chiefly on architectural sub-
jects, and made many drawings for Britton's public-
ations. His name occasionally appears in the cata-
logues of the Royal Academy between 1808 and
1843. Among his contributions were five scenes of
Elephant-hunting in Ceylon, a ' Design for a Temple
of Peace,' and designs for the new London Bridge.
There is a water-colour drawing by him in the
South Kensington Museum, of the West Gate and
Bridge, Gloucester.

THOMPSON, John, an English portrait painter,
who practised in London from 1590 to 1610. He
enjoyed the dignity of City Painter, and was
a member of the Painters' Company, in whose hall
hang several portraits by him, including his own.

THOMPSON, John, an eminent wood-engraver,
was born at Manchester, May 25, 1785 ; he was a
pupil of the elder Branston, but was more influenced
by his intimate subsequent connection with John
Thurston, more than 900 of whose designs he en-

graved for the Chiswick Press. He was also at
one time employed by the Bank of England, and
engraved Mulready's design for the old penny
postage envelope, and the figure of Britannia
which is still used for the bank-notes. From 1852
to 1859 he was director of the female school of en-
graving at South Kensington. In 1855 he won
a medaille d'honneur at the Paris Exhibition.
He was an assiduous student of the theory of his
art, and of the works of such masters as Durer,
Callot, Rembrandt, Bartolozzi, and Goltzius. He
retained his full powers to the end of his life, and
his last engraving, the ' Death of Dundee,' after Sir
Noel Paton, is a vigorous and yet delicate example
of his powers. He died at Kensington, February
20, 1866. Among other works, he made engravings
for the following :

' The London Theatre.' 1814—1818.

Fairfax's Tasso.

Butler's ' Hudibras.' 1818.

' The Blind Beggar's Daughter of Bethnal Green.' 1832.

Gray's ' Elegy.' 1832.

Shakespeare. 1836.

' The Arabian Nights.' 1841.

' The Vicar of Wakefield ; ' after Mulready. 1843.

He made many of the engravings for Yarrell's
works on Natural History, and for many works
published in France.

THOMPSON, K. See Tompson.

THOMPSON, Thomas Clement, an Irish portrait
painter, was born about 1780. He at first practised
in Dublin, but in 1818 he migrated 'to London,
where he exhibited at the Royal Academy, at the
British Institution, and at the Society of British
Artists, from 1816 to 1857. Working strenuously
for the establishment of an Academy for Ireland,
he became one of the original members of the
Hibernian Academy in 1823. There is a portrait
by him in the Kensington Museum, and one of
Archbishop Troy in the Irish National Gallery.
Thompson ceased to exhibit in 1858.

THOMPSON, William, (called ' Blarney Thomp-
son,') a native of Dublin, who practised portrait
painting in London, where his name appears in
catalogues from 1761 to 1777. He exhibited with
the Society of Artists, chiefly half-length portraits.
He was good at a likeness, but his art was poor.
He was twice married, each time to a woman of for-
tune, and forsook his profession. He fell, however,
into debt, was imprisoned in the King's Bench, and
attracted some notice by his noisy protests against
his imprisonment. He made one of the notorious
circle at Mrs. Cornely's, in Soho Square, and was
also for a time secretary to the Incorporated So-
ciety of Artists. He published ' An Enquiry into
the Elementary Principles of Beauty in the works
of Nature and Art.' He died suddenly in London
in 1800.

THOMPSON, William John, portrait painter,
was born at Savannah, in 1771. On the outbreak
of the War of Independence his parents moved with
him to England, where he painted portraits for a
living at a very early age. He practised at first in
London, where in 1808 he became a member of the
Associated Artists in Water-Colours. Settling in
Edinburgh in 1812, he gained a considerable reput-
ation, and was elected a member of the Royal
Scottish Academy in 1829. He died in Edinburgh,
March 24, 1845.

THOMSON, Henry, an English historical and
poetical painter, and the son of a purser in the
navy, was born in London, July 31, 1773. He
lived for a time with his father in Paris, and on the





outbreak of the Freuch Revolution, returned to
London, becoming a pupil of Opie, and, in 1790, a
student in the Academy schools. He completed
his art education by travels in Italy and Germany.
He contributed a ' Perdita,' and some subjects from
' The Tempest,' to Boydell's Shakespeare Gallery.
He first exhibited at the Academy in 1800, and the
following year was elected an A. R. A. He became
an Academician in 1804, and in 1825 was appointed
keeper of the Royal Academy. In 1828, owing to
failing health, he retired to Portsea, where he
amused himself with boating, and with making
sketches of marine objects, which he presented to
his friends. He died on the 6th of April, 1843.
His ' Prospero and Miranda ' is in the Diploma
Gallery at Burlington House.

THOMSON, John, ' Thomson of Duddingst^n,'
a Scotch landscape painter, was born at Dailly,
Ayrshire, in 1778. His father was the Presbyterian
minister of Dailly, and he succeeded him in that
office in 1800. But Thomson had a great liking for
art, and his early eSorts in landscape were much
aided by Alexander Nasmyth. . In 1805 he re-
moved to the parochial cure of Duddingston, near
Edinburgh, and soon became intimate with the
most distinguished members of contemporary
society in the Scotch capital. He first exhibited
in 1808 with the Associated Artists, and between
that year and 1840, contributed a total of 109
landscapes to the Scotch exhibitions. He con-
sidered himself an amateur, and as his clerical
profession rendered him unwilling to become a full
member of any artistic association, he was elected
an honorary member of the Scottish Academy. In
his choice of subjects and in their treatment he
was influenced mainly by Claude and the Poussins.
He died at Duddingston, October 20th, 1840.
Among his works are :

Edinburgh. Nat, Gallery. Bruce's Castle of Turnberry.

„ „ Landscape Composition.

„ „ Eavensheugh Castle.

„ „ Scene on the Clyde.

„ „ The Trossachs.

„ „ Aberlady Bay. 1822.

1, „ Trees on the bank of a stream.

London. „ Loch an Bilan. 1835.

„ S. Ken. Museum. Duddingston Loch (water-

THOMSON, Paton, an English engraver, born
about the middle of the 18th century. He worked
in London, and was much engaged on portraits
of actors in character. His death occurred after
1821. Amongst his plates are :

Portrait of B. Jerningham. 1794.

' John Anderson my Jo ' ; after Z>. Allan. 1799.

Charles Kemble as Eomeo. 1819.

Charles Kemble as Vincentio. 1821.

Edmund Keau as Coriolauus. 1820.

_ THONERT, Mbdardus, engraver, born at Leip-
sio in 1754, was a pupil of Bause and Geyser.
He engraved historical plates and vignettes, some
after his own drawings, and others after those of
Grafi, .G. F. Schmidt, Oeser, &o. He died in 1812.

THONING, Christian Feiedrich, painter and
lithographer, was born at Eckernforde in 1802.
He studied at the Academy of Copenhagen, at
Munich, and finally in Rome, where he settled.
He painted principally marine views, with figures,
introducing varied efEeots of sunlight. He litho-
graphed two landscapes after Cuyp and Back-
huisen, and several views of Swiss scenery after his
own drawings. He died at Naples in 1873.


THORIGNY, FiLix, draughtsman, born at Caen
in 1824, was much employed on illustrations for
the following periodicals : le Monde Illustre; le
Magasin Pittoresque; le Music des families;
The Illusfrated London News ; le Calvados Pit-
toresque. He died suddenly in Paris in 1870.

THORNER, Benno, painter, born at Dresden in
1802, and studied under Vogel von Vogelstein.
He afterwards went to Rome, where he settled.
He painted chiefly romantic genre pictures, many
of which were engraved. Among them we may

Nymphs in the Bath.
The Eetum of the Knight.

The Falconer.

The Lute Player.

The Sick Nun.
He died at Rome in 1858.

THORNHILL, Sir James, painter, the son of a
gentleman of old family in Derbyshire, was born
at Melcombe Regis, in 1676. His father having
been reduced to poverty, the son was obliged to
look out for a profession for support. He had
conceived an early inclination for painting, and
came to London, where his uncle, Sydenham, a
well-known physician, placed him under the tuition
of Thomas Highmore. He had acquired consider-
able fame as a painter, when he started on an
expedition through Holland, Flanders, and France.
On his return to England, he was appointed by Queen
Anne to paint the cupola of St. Paul's Cathedral,
which he decorated with eight scenes from the
history of the apostle. These have been engraved
in as many plates, by Du Bosc, Beauvais, Baron,
G. Van der Gucht, and Simoneau. He was after-
wards employed in painting an apartment at
Hampton Court with some emblematical subjects,
relating to the histories of Queen Anne and her
consort. Prince George of Denmark. He was also
employed on the decorative paintings at Greenwich
Hospital, in the great hall at Blenheim Palace, on
the saloon and hall at Moor Park, on the hall and
staircase at Easton Neston, and on the chapel at
Wimpole. He also painted altar-pieces for All
Souls' and Queen's Colleges, at Oxford. These
considerable works were very ill paid, and he
found it difficiilt to obtain the stipulated prices.
His demands were contested for his paintings at
Greenwich ; and though La Fosse, the French
painter, received two thousand pounds for his
work at Montague House, and five hundred
pounds more for his support, Thomhill could
obtain only forty shillings a square yard for the
cupola of St. Paul's, and the same for Greenwich.
Sir James copied Raphael's cartoons, then at
Hampton Court, being employed three years on
the work. At the sale of his pictures after his
death, these copies were purchased by the then
Duke of Bedford, and were placed in a gallery
in Bedford House, Bloomsbury. When Bedford
House was taken down, the Duke presented them
to the Royal Academy.

Sir James Thomhill was honoured with the
particular patronage of George I., by wliom he
was knighted, and was elected to represent his
native town in parliament. He died at Weymouth
in 1734, leaving a son, John (q.v.), and a daughter,
who was married to William Hogarth. Thomhill
has left a few slight etchings ; among them an
'Adam and Eve.'

THORNHILL, John, the only son of Sir James
Thomhill, painted landscapes and marine pieces.
He succeeded his father as Sergeant-Painter to
George II., but resigned the ofEce in 1757.




THORNTHWAITE, J. an English engraver, born
about 1740, in London, where he practised from
1771 to 1794. Specimens of his work will be found
in ' Bell's Shakespeare,' and in the ' Booksellers'
British Theatre,' and a portrait by him of Dr.
William Hunter, founder of the Hunterian Museum,
Glasgow, is extant.

THOURET, Nikolas Eriedrich, a German archi-
tect, born at Ludwigsburg in 1767, also practised
painting, which he had studied in Rome. His
pictorial works were chiefly drawings in water-
colour or ink, of historical and mythological
subjects. He died at Stuttgart in 1845. His son
Paul, born 1814, was a successful scene-painter
and decorator. He died in 1874.

THOUENBYSER, Johann Jakob, (Thourneis-
SEN,) engraver, was born at Basle in 1636, and
received his first instruction in engraving at Stras-
burg, from Pieter Aubry. He afterwards visited
Erance, where he engraved several plates in a style
resembling that of F. de Poilly. Some of his prints
are executed with a single line, in the manner
of Claude Mellan. He worked at Lyons and at
Bourg-en-Bresse, and afterwards at the court of
Turin. We have several portraits by Thourneyser,
chieflj' Swiss, as well as that of Louis XIV. when
young, supported by Minerva and Apollo. He
also engraved a variety of frontispieces and other
plates for books, and executed part of a set of
prints published by Catherine Patin, in 1691, from
select pictures. He usually marked his plates
with a cipher composed of an H. for Hans or

John, and a T., thus, "PJ. He died at Basle in

1718. His chief plates were the following:

Joseph I. ; after Isaac Fischer, jun,

Joseph I. ; after Schoonjans.

Fred. Augustus of Poland ; after the same.

S. Francis Xavier ; after the same.

Ignatius Loyola ; after the same.

Tobit and the Angel ; after Titian.

Holy Family ; after Spraii^her.

The Elector Frederick of Brandenburg promising pro-
tection to French Huguenot Ref agees ; after Brand-

Laocoon ; after the antique group.

His son, of the same name, occasionally assisted
his father in his plates ; he was still living in 1736.

THOURON, Jacques, miniature painter and
painter on enamel, was born at Geneva in 1737.
He settled in Paris at an early age, and exhibited
enamels at the Salon in 1781 and 1782. In the
Louvre there are by him a miniature portrait of
Franklin, a replica of the same in enamel, and a
'Bacchante,' after Madame Lebrun, in enamel.
He died in Paris about 1790.

THtJFEL, (or Teupel,) Johann, was a native of
Saxony, and flourished at Wittenberg between 1640
and 1670. He is the supposed author of certain
portraits of Saxon princes and nobles, and of some
cuts for Martin Luther's Bible, printed at Witten-
berg by Hans Luf t in 1672. These latter are signed
with the initials J. T., or with a monogram ; a key
often accompanies the initials, hence he has been
called the " Master of the Picklock." In conjunc-
tion with Thiifel another engraver seems to have
worked who signs with a Clover Leaf, and is
thence called Kleemann.

THUILLIEB, PiEERE, a French landscape
painter, born at Amiens in 1799. In his early
years he studied law, but preferring art he worked
successively under Watelet and Gudin. He travelled

much in the South of France, Italy, and Algiers
where he found subjects for his pictures. His
works appeared at the Salon from 1831 to 1867.
He died in Paris, November 19th, 1858. The
Piench provincial museums are rich in his land-

THULDEN, (TuLDEN,) Thbodoor van, was
born at Hertogenbosoh, in 1607. He went early
to Antwerp, where he studied at first under Abra-
ham Blyenberch, and afterwards under Rubens.
His master employed him as an assistant, and he
is said to have had a considerable share in ' for-
warding' the pictures for Marie de' Medici's Palace
of the Luxembourg. He visited Paris in 1633,
where he was engaged to paint a series of twenty-
four pictures from the Life of St. John of Matha,
for the choir of the Mathurins, as well as three
altar-pieces for the high altar, and two for chapels.
One of the latter, a Saint Barbara, is perhaps bis
masterpiece. On his return to Flanders, he settled
in Antwerp, and married the daughter of Hendrik
van Balen. He painted several pictures for the
churches and public buildings of Antwerp, Mechlin,
Ghent, Bruges, and other Flemish cities, and made
the cartoons for the windows in the chapel of the
Virgin, in S. Gudule, Brussels. In 1648 he was at
the Hague, where he painted seven historical and
allegorical pictures, commemorating the election of
the Stadtholder Frederick Henry, and the victory
of Nieuport, for the ' House in the Wood.' He did
not confine himself to historical subjects, but also
painted rural pastimes and village festivals, in
which he excelled. He painted figures in the
churches of Peter Neefs and Steenwyok, and in the
landscapes of Wildens and Mompers, and even
Snyders was indebted to hitu for assistance in his
hunting-pieces. He died about 1676. Works :

Antwerp. Museum. The Arch of Philip I.

„ „ Portrait of Benedict van

Berlin. „ Triumph of Galatea.

Brussels. „ Christ at the Column.

„ „ A Flemish "Wedding.

Copenhagen. „ Christ appearing to the Virgin.

^''''*' '^I'l^ilMartyrdomofSt.Adrian.

Paris. Louvre. Christ appearing to the Virgin.

Tournai. Museum. Portraits.

Vienna. Gallery. The Visitation.

„ „ The Virgin receiving the

homage of the Netherlands.
„ „ The Return of Peace.

„ „ Beconciliation of Jacob and

Assumption of the Virgin (formerly in the Jesuits'
Church, Bruges).

We have a considerable number of etchings

by Theodoor Van Thulden, both from his own

designs and after other masters. Among them are

the following :

A set of twenty-four plates of the Life of St. John of

Matha ; after the pictures painted by himself. 1633.
The History of Ulysses, in fifty-eight plates ; from the
pictures painted byPj-imfrficCToatFontainebleau. 1640.
Eight plates from the Triumphal Arches designed by Ru-
bens for the entry of the Cardinal Infant Ferdinand
into Antwerp.
The Prodigal Son ; in eight plates ; frmn Ms own designs.

THURSTON, John, born at Scarborough in
1774, was principally employed in designing book
illustrations, which may be found in most of the
editions of the poets and novelists published





early in the present century. Among the works
illustrated by him were :

' Religious Emblems.' 1808.

' Shakespeare.' 1814.

Falconer's ' Shipwreck.' 1817.

Somerville's ' Rural Sports.' 1818.

In 1806 he was made an Associate of the Water-
Colour Society. He died in London in 1822.

THYS, a Dominican monk, who is represented
in the Antwerp Museum by a ' Descent from
the Cross,' but of whose life no details are known.
His picture belongs to the period of Flemish

THYS, Augustine. Two painters of this name
are inscribed in the ' Liggeren ' as members of the
Corporation of Antwerp in the 17th century. It
has been stated that the younger of these two was
a son of Peeter Thys, that he was instructed by his
father, and imitated Nicholas Berchem with much
success, painting landscapes with iigures and cattle.
But the names of Peeter Thys's ten children are all
preserved in parochial records at Antwerp, and
there is no Augustine among them. It would seem
therefore that a mistake has arisen from similarity
in the not uncommon surname.

THYS, Gysbrecht, a native of Antwerp, who
flourished about the year 1625, was a scholar of
Adrian Hanneman. He was one of the ablest
portrait painters of his time, and his works in that
branch of art have been sometimes mistaken for the
pictures of Van Dyck. He also excelled in paint-
ing landiscapes, with figures and animals. In his
smaller landscapes with figures he imitated the
manner of Poelemburg. Some of his pictures are
dated 1660. He died in 1684.

THYS, Jean FKANgois, a Flemish subject painter,

born at Brussels in 1783. He was the son of Pierre

Joseph Thys, under whom he studied. His

picture of Zeghers receiving the presents of the

Prince of Orange, is now in the Brussels Museum.

He died in 1865.

1 THYS, Peetee, the elder, (or Tyssens,) born at

1 Antwerp in 1616, was a pupil of Artus Deur-

! waerder, and a distinguished painter of the second

; rank. He practised portraiture and historical

.' painting ; in the former he founded his style upon

that of Van Dyck ; in his historical pictures, the in-

fluence of Casper de Crayer is perceptible. His

talent attracted the notice of Leopold I., who

appointed him court painter. Particulars as to his

life are very scanty. He was made free of the

Guild of St. Luke in 1644-45, and became dean in

1660. The date of his death is uncertain, but it

must have taken place before the middle of 1683,

for in June of that year the Guild paid over a sum

of sixty-eight florins to his heirs. Works :

Antwerp. Museum. St. Francis receiving the Indul-
gence of the Portiuncula.

„ „ Dsedalus and Icarus.

„ „ The Virgin and St. William.

„ „ The Saviour appearing to St. John

of the Cross.

„ „ Two Portraits.

„ S. Jacques. Adoration of the Host. (Sh

Brussels. Museum. The Martyrdom of St. Benedict.
Copenhagen. Gallerij. The Marriage of St. Catharine.
Ghent. Museum. The Temptation of St. Anthony.

„ „ Conversion of St. Hubert.

„ „ St. Sebastian.

Stockholm. „ "Ulysses recognizing Achilles.

Vienna. Gallery. Venus bewailing Adonis.

His son, Peeter, born in 1652, was also a painter.

THYS, Pierre Joseph, born at Lierre in 1749,
was educated in the Academy at Antwerp. He
also studied under Koeck, the flower-painter, and
in his house became acquainted with Spaendonck,
with whom he went to Paris. He afterwards
established himself at Brussels, and was employed
to decorate the orangery of the palace of Laeken
with flower-pieces. These were carried off by the
French in 1792. During the latter part of his life
he was employed in what is called " restoring," in
which he was very adroit, and he continued this
profitable occupation till the time of his death, in

TIARINI, Alessandbo, born at Bologna in 1677,
was first a scholar of Prospero Fontana, and after-
wards of Bartolommeo Cesi. Having to fly from
Bologna on account of a quarrel, he retired to
Florence, where he studied for some time under
Domenico Oresti, called Passignano. Before long,
however, the fame of Lodovico Carracci induced
him to venture back to Bologna, where' he soon
raised himself to a good position. The subjects
he selected were congenial with his grave and
sedate character. ' La Madonna Addolarata,' the
' Sorrows of the Magdalene,' and the ' Repentance
of St, Peter,' were often treated. His principal
works in the public edifices at Bologna are a fine
picture of the ' Virgin, Mary Magdalene, and St.
John, weeping over the instruments of the Passion,'
in the church of S. Benedetto ; ' St. Catherine
kneeling before a Crucifix,' in S. Maria Maddalena ;
a ' Pieta,' in S. Antonio ; and ' S. Dominic restor-
ing a dead Child,' in the church dedicated to that
saint, The last-mentioned picture excited the sur-
prise and admiration of Lodovico Carracci, Tiarini
died at Bologna in 1668. Other works :
Bologna. 8. Petronio. Martyrdom of St. Barbara.

„ S. Salvaiore. The Nativity.

„ S. Vitale. The FUght into Egypt.

^ Finacoteca. Marriage of St. Catharine.

„ „ .Tohn the Baptist before Herod.

„ „ St. Bruno in the Desert.

Dresden. Gallery. Angelica and Medoro.

Florence. tWi^i. His own Portrait.

„ S. Marca. Legend of St. Antonio.

„ Pal. Pitti. Death of Abel.

Milan. Brera. Beheading of St. John.

Modena. Gallery. Crucifixion.

Munich. Pinacothek. Rinaldo in the Enchanted Wood.
Paris. Louvre. The Repentance of St. Joseph.

^'^''- ..Sr™, }^i^°-dSt- Francisof Assisi.

„ „ A number of Frescoes.

Vienna. Gallery. Christ bearing His Cross.

TIBALDI, Maria Feucb, painter, born at Rome
in 1707, became the wife of the painter Subleyraa
in 1739. She painted portraits and historical sub-
jects in oil and pastel, and numerous miniatures, of
which the two best known were, ' Bacchus and
Ariadne,' and ' Angelica and Medoro.' She made
a copy of her husband's wark, ' The Last Supper,'
for Pope Benedict XIV. Her sisters, Terbsa and
Isabella, were also artists in the same genre.

TIBALDI, Domenico Pellegrino, engraver and
architect, born at Bologna in 1540, was the younger
bi-other of Pellegrino Tibaldi, and learnt the rudi-
ments of dlesign in his native city. He is said to
have also practised painting, but this statement
rests on very slight grounds. He is said to have
taught engraving to Agostino Carracci, and Mal-
vasia believes them to have worked in conjunction.
The nine plates catalogued by Bartsch are so fine
in quality that we may conclude that many of the
anonymous prints of his time are by Tibaldi. As




an architect and engraver he won a considerable
reputation. This is the list given by Bartsoh :

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 149 of 201)