Michael Bryan.

Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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The Kepose in Egypt ; after his own design.

The Holy Trioity ; after Sammachini. 1570.

The Virgin with a Eose ; after Pamiiyiano.

St. Francis of Assist; copied from two prints by C.
Cort ; the landscape from one with the date 1567,
and the figure from another with the date 1568, both
after pictures by Girolamo Miinano,

The Penitent Magdalen ; after Titian.

The Triumph of Peace ; after his own design.

Portrait of Pope Gregory XIII. ; after Fassarotti. 1572.

View of the Grand Pouutain in the Palazzo Soaffieri at
Bologna. 1570.

View of a magnificent Palace, ornamented with columns
and statues, from a design by O. Alghisi. It is in two
plates, with the date 1566. Bartsch is of opinion that
there should be a third plate to complete the com-

Zani says Tibaldi was born in 1532 and died in
1583 ; but his epitaph says 1540 and 1582.

TIBALDI, P^LLEGRiNO, called Pellegrino da
Bologna, and Pellegrino Pellegrini, was born at
Bologna in 1527. He was a disciple of Bagua-
cavallo, and distinguished himself as an architect
no less than as a painter. In 1647, after copying
the works of Vasari at St. Michelein Bosco, he went
to Rome, where he studied the works of Michel-
angelo. Cardinal Poggi employed him in ornament-
ing his Vigna, near the Porta del Popolo, with
frescoes. The same patron further employed him
in the completion of his palace at Bologna, now
the Palazzo dell' Instituto, which was finished from
his plan, and which is regarded as one of his prin-
cipal works as an architect. The interior of the
palace he decorated with subjects from the Odys-
sey. He constructed a chapel for his patron,
in the church of S. Giacomo Maggiore, and painted
in it a ' St. John preaching in the Wilderness,' and
the 'Division of the Elect from the Damned.'
The Cardinal Poggi next employed him in the
erection of a chapel in La Madonna di Loretto,
where he painted the ' Nativity,' the ' Presentation
in the Temple,' the 'Transfiguration,' and the
' Decollation of St. John.' He was also employed
by Cardinal Carlo Borromeo, at Pavia, on the plans
for the Palazzo della Sapienza.

In 1586 Tibaldi was invited to Spain by Philip II.,
and employed in the Escurial, where he painted the
greater part of the lower cloister, having first erased-
the work of Federigo Zuccaro. But Tibaldi's best
work in Spain is the ceiling of the Madrid Library,
on which he painted a composition suggested, it is
said, by Raphael's ' School of Athens.' After a
residence of nine years in Spain, he returned rich to
Italy, and settled at Milan, where in 1570 he was
appointed architect to the Duomo. He died at
Milan about 1592. His oil pictures are extremely
rare out of Spain and Italy. In the Bologna
Gallery there is >■ ' Marriage of St. Catharine ' by
him ; in the Vienna Gallery a ' St. Cecilia ' ; in the
Dresden Gallery a ' S. Jerome with an Angel ' ; and
in the Ufiizi his own portrait.

TIBERIO, an Italian painter of the 16th century,
was a native of Assisi and a pupil of Perugino, whose
manner he endeavoured to imitate. Extant works
by him are : a ' Madonna ' in the church of S. Mar-
tino, near Trevi ; a ' Madonna and five scenes from
the life of St. Francis ' (1512), in the church of San
Francesco at Montefalco ; a ' St. Sebastian,' in the
church of S. Fortunate at Montefalco ; a ' Ma-
donna,' at S. Doraenico at Assisi, and Scenes from
the life of St. Francis in Santa Maria degli Angeli
in the same city (1518).

TIDEMAN, (or Tiedeman,) Philip, born at
Hamburg in 1657, of a respectable and opulent
family, was a pupil of Nicholas Raes, a painter of
history of some reputation, under whom he studied
eight years. He had made considerable progress
under that master, when the fame of Gerard Lairesse
induced him to visit Amsterdam. On his arrival
he was admitted into the school of Lairesse, who
soon began to employ him as his assistant. On
leaving that master he was employed in painting
historical and allegorical pictures in public build-
ings and private houses. Among his best pro-
ductions of this kind was a saloon for the Verscliuur
family, at Hoorn, in which the History of .Sneas
was treated with some originality. Tideman died
at Amsterdam in 1706.

TIDEMAND, Adolf, a Norwegian subject and
landscape painter, was born at Mandal on the ]4tli
August, 1814. He was a distinguished student of
the Copenhagen Academy, but completed his studies
at Dusseldorf, under Schadow and Hildebrandt.
Returning to Norway in 1842, he soon took a high
place in the Norwegian school, and was appointed
court-painter. One of his chief works was a series
of twelve pastoral pictures for the Royal Palace of
Oscarhall, near Cliristiania. His reputation was not
confined to his native country : he was elected a
member of the Academies of Berlin, Copenhagen,
Stockholm, and Amsterdam. In England, the
works which he exhibited at the Exhibition of 1862
attracted much attention, and contributed greatly
to raise the reputation of the Scandinavian school.
He died at Christiania on the 26th August, 1876.
Tidemand's colour is cold: his forte is the fidelity
with which he reproduces the manners of the
peasantry of his native country. The following
are some of his best works :

Grandmother's Bridal Ornaments.
The Haugians.
Sunday Afternoon.

\ The Baptism of our Lord.


Carlsruhe. Gallery.
Christiania. Nat. Mus.

„ Trefoldighe-

dens Church.

Diisseldorf. Gallery.

Hamburg. Museum.

Leipsic. Museum.

Stockholm. Nat. Mus.

Meeting of Haugians.
The Wolf Hunters.
Departure of Norwegian Emi-
The Story-Teller. 1857.
Ketum from a Bear Hunt.

TIDEY, Henky F., water-colour painter, was
born at Worthing, where his father was a school-
master. He first exhibited at the Royal Academy
in 1839. He was elected an associate of the
Institute of the Society of Painters in Water-
Colours in 1868, and a full member in 1859, and
exhibited much of his best work with them. He
died in 1872. He was very successful in painting
the portraits of children, but also exhibited
historical subjects and genre pictures somewhat of
the Watteau class. Among these we may name :

The Feast of Eoses {S.M. the Queen). 1859.

Dar Thule. 1861.

Christ Blessing little Children. 1863.

Saxon Captives at Eome. 1863.

Sardanapalus. 1870.

Flowers of the Forest. 1871.

TIEFFENTHAL, Hans, a painter of the Swabian
school, was born probably berween 1380 and 1390
at Schlettstadt, in Alsace. He is conjectured to
have painted for the church of the Carthusians at
Dijon, and, in 1418, he decorated the ' Kreuzkapelle
der Elenden ' near Basle, with paintings of birds,
animals, the heavenly bodies, and Scriptural scenes.
In 1433 he settled at Strasburg as a goldsmith, and





entered the Senate. The date of his death is

TIELBMANS, Martin PKANgois, a Flemish
historical and portrait painter, born at Lierre in
1784. He studied in the Antwerp Academy, and
afterwards under David. He eventually became
Director of the School of Design at Lierre, where
he died in 1864. His best known picture is :

Christ and the Disciples at Emmaus.

TIELKER, JoHANN Fbiedrioh, born at Bruns-
vyick in 1762, was a miniature painter and engraver,
and practised at Darmstadt. He received a- sum-
mons to the Court of Berlin, where he painted and
engraved portraits of Iflfland and Fraulein Dobblin.
He subsequently tried his hand at aquatint engrav-
ing and landscape painting. He also made some
essays in the painting of panoramas, the most
successful of which were those of St. Petersburg
and Moscow, which he exhibited in Russia ; the
former he even took to China in the suite of the
Russian Ambassador. He died at Brunswick in

TIEPOLO, Giovanni Battista, was born at
Venice in 1696. He was a scholar of Gregorio
Lazzarini, and was also influenced by Gio. Battista
Piazzetta. He afterwards studied the works of
Paolo Veronese, and, though inferior in dignity
and in richness of colour to that great painter, he
approached him in transparency and in breadth of
chiaroscuro. Possessed of a lively invention, and an
uncommon facility of execution, he was admirably
qualified to decorate, and his large ceilings, and
other things of the same class, are his best per-
formances. His masterpiece in this genre is the
series of frescoes in the Palazzo Labia, at Venice,
dealing with the loves of Anthony and Cleopatra.
Other frescoes by him are in the Villa Stra,
between Venice and Padua; the Villa Valmarana,
near Vicenza ; the Tribunale and the Congre-
gazione di Caritk, at Milan ; the Capella CoUeone,
at Bergamo, and the Residential Palace at Wiirz-
burg. In 1769 Tiepolo was invited by Charles III.
to Spain, where he painted several frescoes in the
new palaces at Madrid, among them the ceiling, 'The
Glory of Spain,' in the Throne-room of the Royal
Palace, which were sufficiently admired to excite
jealousy in Mengs, the court painter, who was then
in the height of his celebrity. Tiepolo sometimes
inserted figures in the pictures of Caualetto.
Though chiefly known as a painter on walls, his
easel-pictures have great merit, especially in colour
and arrangement. He painted many altar-pieces
for the Venetian churches. Taken altogether he
may be considered the ablest of all those painters
whose genius has been purely scenic. He died at
Madrid, March 27th, 1770. The following are his
chief easel pictures :

Berlin. Museum, Martyrdom of S. Agatha; aad

three others.
Bordeaux. Museum. Eliezer and Eebekah.
London. ^at. Gal. ABishop in the act of Benediction.

„ „ S. Augustine with a group of

minor figures.
Madrid. Museum, The Conception.

„ „ Venus and Cupid.

Padua. S, Antonio. Martyrdom of St. Agatha.

„ Museum. St. Patricia tending a Sick Person.

Paris. Louvre. The Last Supper.

^' . ' ^ Cleopatra's Banquet.

Rouen. Museum. Card Party.

Turin. Pinacoteca. Triumph of Aurelian.

Venice. Ch. d. Fava. St. Anne and the Virgin.

Venice. SS. Apostoli. St. Lucia.

„ Academy. St. Joseph and the Child Jesus.

„ S. Alvise. Christ on His way to Calvary.

„ Gesuati. Virgin in Glory.

%armitf. } ^^"*°S (oil on canvas).
Vienna. Gallery. S. Catharine of Siena.

We have about fifty-six etchings by this master,
executed with taste, neatness, and spirit ; of which
the following are the most deserving of notice :

The Adoration of the Magi.

A set of twenty-four Fancy Subjects.

Ten Fancy Subjects of a smaller size.

TIEPOLO, Giovanni Domenico, the son of
Giovanni Battista Tiepolo, was born at Venice about
the year 1726. He was instructed by his father, and
painted some historical subjects in the churches at
Brescia. He accompanied Gio. Battista Tiepolo to
Spain, and assisted him in the palace at Madrid.
The younger Tiepolo has left several etchings, in
some of which he has imitated the style of Bene-
detto Castiglione. We may name the following:

The Flight of the Holy Family to Egypt. A set of

twenty-seven plates.
The Passion of Chri.st ; in fourteen plates.
A set of twenty-six Heads, in the style of Benedetto.
The Virgin appearing to St. Theresa ; after Gio. Bat.

St. Ambrose preaching to the People ; after the same.
A set of eight pieces of Satyrs, Turks, and Arabs.

G. D. Tiepolo died in Spain in 1804. His
younger brother, Lorenzo, painted and etched in
the style of his father, Gio. Battista.

TIERCE, Jean Bafi-iste, landscape painter,
was born at Rouen in 1741. He was a pupil of
Pierre, was received by the Academy in 1786, but
never became an Academician. In 1779 he settled
in Italy, where he died. In the Orleans Museum
there is a scene from Ariosto, in Indian ink, by him.

TIERENDORPF, Jbremib van, a Flemish
historical painter, who was at work about the year
1626. There is a 'Christ delivering the Keys to
the Apostle ' by him in the church of St. Peter at
Ypris, and a ' Nativity ' in the church of St. James.

TIERSONNIER, Louis Simon, a French painter
of history and mythology, born in 1718. He was
a member of the Academy of St. Luke, and assist-
ant professor. He died in Paris in 1773.

TIESENHAUSEN, Paul, Freiherk von, marine
painter, was born at Idfer, in Esthonia, in 1837.
He served in the Russian army during the Crimean
war, and afterwards devoted himself to painting,
which he studied at the Munich Academy, and
under the landscape painter Millner. A sea-piece, by
the young artist attracted the notice of Lier, who
took him into his studio, and developed his talents
in the direction thereby pointed out. He painted
a number of poetically conceived sea-pieces, taking
his subjects from the northern coasts. The Stutt-
gart Gallery has a ' Harbour at Nightfall ' by him.
He died at Munich in 1876.

TILBORCH, Egidius, (or Gilles van,) the
elder, was born at Antwerp about the year 1570.
He was a contemporary of David Teniers the elder,
and painted similar subjects, representing Flemish
wakes and festivals, which were esteemed at the
time in which he lived. He died about 1632. At
Lille there is a Village Fete by him, dated 159-, the
last figure being undecipherable. Some writers
have doubted the existence of the elder Tilborch,
and ascribed the pictures on which his name ap-
pears to his son. The date at Lille seems enough
to disprove this theory.




Copenhagen. Gallery.
Dresden. " Gallery.
Petersburg. Hermitage.

The Hague. Museum.
Vienna. Lieehtenst. Gal.

TILBORCH, EGiDins, (or Gilles van,) the
younger, son of Egidius van Tilboroh the elder, was
born at Brussels in 1625. On his father's death he
became a scholar of Teniers, at the time when
Frangois Duchatel studied under that master. He
was made free of the Guild of St. Luke, at Brussels,
in 1654. His pictures represent peasants regaling,
and village feasts, which are ingeniously composed
and vigorously coloured, though infinitely inferior
to those of Teniers in the lightness and dexterity of
his pencil, and in the clearness and purity of his
coluur. His death is supposed to have occurred in
1678. Works:

A Cavalcade.

The Cobbler.

A Dutch "Wedding.


Courtyard of an Inn.

Workman Smoking.

An Interior.

A Portrait Group.

Peasants quarrelling.

Other pictures at Bordeaux, Nantes, Rouen, and

TILENS, Hans, a Flemish painter, was born at
Antwerp in 1589 (?). He painted in the manner of
Paul Bril, and is said to have enjoyed the friendship
of Van Dyck, who painted his portrait. In 1612
he became master in the Guild of S. Luke. The
only two known works by him in public gallericB
are, ' A Mountainous Landscape,' at Vienna, and a
' Landscape with Mythological Figures,' at Berlin.
He died at Antwerp in 1630.

TILIUS, Jan van, a native of Hertogenbosch,
who practised in the second half of the 17th century.
He painted conversations in the manner of Gaspar
Netscher. There are no particulars of him recorded
beyond his reception into the ' Schilds-conf rerie ' at
the Hague in 168,3. In the Dresden Gallery there
is a picture of a woman sewing, by him. It is
inscribed J. Tilius Pin., 1681. ' A Young Man
playing Bagpipes,' in the Vienna Gallery, is dated

TILL, Johann Kael von, a German engraver,
bom at Nuremberg in 1624. He was chiefly en-
gaged in engraving portraits and other plates for
books. An indifEerent etching of a bust of Fer-
dinand Talientsohger crowned by Minerva, is in-
scribed Joh. Carl van Till, 1644. He died in 1676.

TILLARD, Jean Baptistb, (Tilliabd,) a French
engraver. We have by him several etchings of the
national dresses of the Savoyards and Russians ;
after St. Aubin, Le Prince, and others. He was
born in Paris in 1740, aiid was a scholar of Fessard,
but engraved in much better taste than his master.
His works, which are very numerous, are chiefly
plates for books. He died in Paris in 1813. Among
his illustrative prints may be named :

Some of the views in Choiseul-GouflBer's ' Voyage de

la Gr^ce.'
Vignettes for an edition of Tasso ; after Cochin.
The plates for the quarto edition of Telemachus ; after

The greater part of the prints for the Abb6 Chappe's

' Voyage en SibSrie.'
A series of Savoyards, with the title ' Mes Commission-

naires, mes Gens,' &c.
A Portrait of Pope Clement XIV. ; after S. Porta.
Hagar in the Desert ; after J. Vemet.
Bussian Shepherds ; after Le Prince.

TILLEMANS, Pietee, (Tilkans.) bom at Ant-
werp in 1684, was the son of a diamond-cutter,
and was instructed in landscape painting by an

indifferent artist whose name has not been pre-
served. He visited England in 1708, and first
attracted notice by his excellent copies after Bor-
gognone, Teniers, and others. He painted land-
scapes with small figures, seaports, country-seats,
hunts, and races, and drew horses very well. He
was favoured with the patronage of the Duke of
Devonshire, for whom he painted a view of Chats-
worth, one of his best pictures, and was much em-
ployed by the fourth Lord Byron, whom he taught
to draw. Another important picture by him was
that of the Duke of Kingston and a shooting-party,
dated 1725. In 1719 he was employed on Bridge's
' History of Northamptonshire,' for which he made
nearly five hundred drawings. He died at Norton,
in Suffolk, December 5, 1734.

TILLEMANS, Simon Peter, called Sohenk, born
at Bremen about the year 1602, passed the early
■part of his life in Italy, where he was esteemed as
a painter of landscapes. He also painted some
excellent portraits, and was invited to the court of
Vienna by the Emperor Ferdinand, whom he
painted, with several distinguished members of his
court. Tillemans died in 1670. His daughter
practised as a flower-painter.

TILSON, Henry, born in Yorkshire in 1659, was
educated under Sir Peter Lely. After the death of
that master in 1680, he went in company with
Dahl to Italy, where he resided seven years. He
painted portraits, both in oil and pastel, and was
likely to make a figure in his profession, when his
mind became deranged, and he shot himself in 1695,
at the age of thirty-six. He painted his own portrait
two or three times.

TIMAGORAS, a painter of Chalcis, known only
as having defeated Pancenus of Athens in a contest
at the Pythian games.

TIMANTHES, the distinguished and successful
competitor of Parrhasius, was, according to Quin-
tilian, a native of Cythnus, in Attica; according to
others, of Sicyon. He triumphed over Parrhasius
with his ' Ajax disputing with Ulysses for the arms
of Achilles.' Bom at a period when considerable
progress had been made in rendering expression,
he carried it still farther. Of this he gave proof in
his celebrated ' Sacrifice of Iphigenia.' Having
represented in the various actors different degrees
of sadness, he exhausted his powers in the face
of Menelaus, Iphigenia's uncle, and unable to give
a still deeper expression to Agamemnon, her father,
he covered his features with a veil. Pliny mentions
with high praise a picture by Timanthes of a
' Sleeping Cyclops.'

TIMBAL, Louis Charles, painter, born in Paris
in 1821, was a pupil of Drolling, and entered the
Ecole des Beaux Arts in 1842. He painted chiefly
rehgious subjects, imitating the manner of the old
Italian masters. He exhibited frequently at the
Salon, from 1847 onwards. He is known not only
by his easel pictures, but by mural paintings in the
chapel of the Sorbonne, in S. Sulpice, and in the
church of Saint Etienne-du-Mont. He died in
Paris, November 24, 1880. His ' Agony in the
Garden,' and ' The Poet and the Muse,' are at pre-
sent in the Luxembourg.

TIMOMACHUS, a painter of Byzantium, living
in the time of Julius Csesar, who purchased two of
his pictures, an ' Ajax ' and a ' Medea,' and dedicated
them in the Temple of Venus Genetrix.


TINELLI, Cavaliere Tibebio, painter, was bom
at Venice in 1586. He studied under Giovanni





Contarini and Leandro Bassano, and painted por-
traits in liistorioal disguises, a proceeding whicli
won him much employment. His small pictures
of historical and mythological subjects were also
popular. Some of his pictures found their way into
the collection of Louis XIII., who conferred on him
the order of knighthood. He occasionally painted
large pictures and altar-pieces, in which_ he was
less successful than in those of a cabinet size. He
resided the greater part of his life at Florence.
According to Ridolfi, domestic afflictions drove him
into a state of despondency, and he is said to have
put an end to his own life in 1638.

TINGHIUS, A. M., was an engraver who iiour-
ished about the year 1670. Strutt says he engraved
the great ' Temptation of St. Anthony ' from the
drawing by Callot. Zani notices a Florentine en-
graver of the name Antonio MeitingJiius, as having
flourished in 1627.

TINNEY, John, an English engraver, born in
the early part of the 18th century. He worked in
London, where he traded as a printBeller, and also
for a time in Paris. Anthony Walker, John Browne,
and W oollett were among his pupils. He published
a treatise on anatomy for artists. He died in 1761.
Amongst his plates are :
Eight Views of Kensington and Hampton Court ; after

Anthony Highmore.
The Times of the Day.
Portrait of ' Maitre Chardin.'

„ Catherine Clire ; after Ellys.

„ George II. ; after Joseph Highmore.

„ Sir T. Parker.

„ John Wesley.

„ Flora ; after Bosalba Carriera.

TINTI, Camillo, born at Rome about the year
1738, was employed by Gavin Hamilton to engrave
some of the plates for his 'Schola Italica' ; among
these were the following :

The Marriage of St. Catherine ; after Farmigiano.
Meleager and Atalanta ; after PoUdoro da Carataggio.
Christ on the Mount of Olives ; after Lanfraiico.

TINTI, Giovanni Battista, an Italian painter of
the 16th century, studied first under Samacchini at
Bologna, and subsequently established himself at
Parma, where he took Tibaldi, Correggio, and Far-
migiano for his models. He painted many works
for his adopted city, amongst others, a large 'As-
sumption,' of many figures, for the cathedral. He
flourished about 1590.

TINTI, Lorenzo, an Italian painter and en-
graver, born at Bologna in 1626, (1634,) was a
scholar of Gio. Andrea Sirani, and painted some
altar-pieces for the churches at Bologna in the
style of his master, of which the best are, his
' Scourging of Christ,' in the church of La Madonna
del Piombo ; and the ' Virgin and Child, with several
Saints,' in S. Tecla. Tinti etched several plates
after painters of the Bolognese school. Bartsch
('Peintre Graveur,' tom. xix.) describes nine plates
by him, two of which, a Holy Family and an Alle-
gory, are after Elisabetta Sirani ; the rest are por-
traits and frontispieces to books. One has the date
1671. Gori mentions two others, a 'Virgin and
Child,' after Guido, and a portrait of Dr. J. C.
Claudinus, after Domenico Ambrogi. Tinti died
in 1672.

TIRPENNE, Jean Louis, painter, lithographer,
and writer, was born at Hamburg of French parents
in 1801. He was a pupil of Bouton, Daguerre,
and Remond. He exhibited many landscapes at
the Salon from 1831 onwards, but devoted himself


later to the illustration of works on sculpture and
architecture. He was the author, jointly with
Chalet, Deveria, Maurin, Bedoute, and Victor Adam,
of ' La M6thode Tirpenne,' and also wrote several

TISCHBEIN, Johann Anton, painter, born at
Hayna in 1720, was originally a clerk. He studied
in Paris and Rome, settling afterwards in Ham-
burg, where he opened a Drawing School. lie
painted landscapes, historical pictures, and por-
traits ; and died in 1784.

TISCHBEIN, Johann Feiedrich August, por-
trait painter, was born at Maestricht in 1750. His
early instruction in art was due to his uncle,
J. H. Tischbein, but he was enabled to complete
his training in France and Italy through the
generosity of the Prince of Waldeck. On his re-
turn to Germany, his patron appointed him court
painter and councillor. He subsequently prac-
tised at the Hague, at Dessau, and at Leipsic,
where in 1800 he was appointed Director of the
Academy. He died at Heidelberg in 1812. There
are by him :

Amsterdam. Rijks Museum. A series of Portraits of
Princes of the House of

Berlin. National Gallery. Lady playing the Lute.

Brunswick. Gallery, Pr. Charles of Brunswick.

Frankfort. Stadel Instil. Two Portraits.

Leipsic. Musemn. Portrait of Schiller.

TISCHBEIN, Johann Heinbich, the elder, his-
torical painter, born at Hayna in l722, was the son

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 150 of 201)