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Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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of the tapestries which Francesco had designed.
He died in 1572.

UCCELLI. See Dong, Paolo di.

UCEDA, DE. Several painters of this family
flourished in Seville in the 16th and 17th centuries.

Juan the elder, about 1594 ; Juan the younger,
about 1660; Pedro died in 1714, and Juan Uoeda
Castro VEBDo, about 1623.

UCHTEEVELT. See Ochteevblt.

UDEN, Jakob van, was believed to have been the
brother and scholar of Lucas van Uden, and to
have painted landscapes in his style ; but his
existence is doubtful.

UDEN, Lucas van, the son of Artus van Uden,
a landscape painter of little repute, was born at Ant-
werp, October 18, 1596, and was first taught by his
father. He had not the advantage of any efficient
master, but was indefatigable in his studies from
nature, and passed his leisure hours in the fields
and forests, drawing everything which appeared to
him picturesque or remarkable, and giving par-
ticular attention to the peculiar appearance of the
sky at sunrise and sunset. He was influenced by
Paul Bril, and by a study of the landscapes of
Eubens. In 1626 or 1627 he entered the Guild,
and in 1647 travelled abroad. Van Uden was a
painter of no originality, and it is mainly to his con-
nection with abler men than himself that he owes
such fame as he has. Eubens assisted him with
his advice, and frequently employed him to paint
landscape backgrounds to his pictures ; himself
occasionally painting figures in the landscapes of
Van Uden. The death of this artist occurred in
1672 or 1673. Some of his latter works have figures
by David Teniers, Eegemorter, and others. Van
Dyck's portrait of Van Uden was engraved by
Lucas Vosterman the Elder. Pictures by him are
to be seen in the galleries of Antwerp, Berlin,
Brunswick, Dresden, Frankfort, Madrid, Munich,
Paris, Petersburg, and Schleissheim. The Marquis
of Bute has a very important landscape by Van
Uden, in which the figures are by Teniers. It is
signed L. V- V., and may be taken as an example
of the master at his best. We have sixty-two etch-
ings of landscapes by this artist, of which fifty-eight
are from his own designs. Among them the fol-
lowing :

Ten Landscapes and Views in Flanders, of various sizes ;
from his oion desiyns.

Four Landscapes ; after Rubens. The &st impressions
are before the name of Kubens was inserted.

UDINE, Giovanni da. See Nanni.

UDINE, Giov. di Mart. da. See Martini.

UDINE, GiROLAMO DA, a painter of the Venetian
school, and a disciple of Pellegrino da San Daniele.
He is known only by a small picture of ' The Coro-
nation of the Virgin,' painted for San Francesco at

UDINE, Mart, di Bait. da. See Martino
di Battista.

UFFENBAOH, Johann Friedbich von, a de-
signer, etcher, and art connoisseur, was born at
Frankfort k M. in 1687. He pubUshed, in 1726,
a work entitled ' Die Nachfolge Christi,' with numer-
ous vignettes of his own etching. He died in 1769,
leaving part of his collection of works of art to the
University of Gottingen.

UFFENBACH, Philipp, painter and etcher, was
bora at Frankfort a M. in 1570. He was instructed





by Hans Grimmer, and was himself the teacher of
Adam Elsheiraer. He painted in the ' Romer ' and
other buildings in Frankfort, and has left an 'As-
cension of Christ,' and ' Adoration of the Kings,'
with thirteen etchings of Scripture subjects and
battles. He was also a clever mechanical artist
and land-surveyor. He died in 1630.

UGGIONE. See Ogionno.

UGOLINO DA SIENA, painter, flourished at
Siena in the first half of the 14th century. He
belonged to a family of painters, the genealogy
of which is given by Milanesi ('Vasari,' vol. i.
p. 457). Vasari supposes him to have been a pupil
of Cimabue ; others assert him to have studied under
Guido of Siena, and the evidence on this point is
obscure. His design was that of the Greek
painters, and he was at least an imitator of Cim-
abue. He painted a large number of works for
churches, and in all parts of Italy, and died in
1339, at a very advanced age. Two panels of an
altar-piece painted by him for S. Croce, in Florence,
are now in the National Gallery. They represent
'The Betrayal of Christ,' and the 'Procession to
Calvary,' and are of much interest to the historian
of art.

UGOLINO Di NEBI was painting in Siena in
1317, and may be identical with Ugolino da Siena.
(See Milanesi, ' Vasari,' vol. i. pp. 453 et seq. notes.)

UGOLINO DI PIETRO was painting in Siena
in 1324. Nothing further is known concerning
him. He may be identical with Ugolino da Siena
(q. v.).

UGOLINO DI Peete ILARIO, a painter of Siena,
who executed frescoes in the chapel of S. Corporale
in the cathedral at Orvieto, which bear the inscrip-
tion, Ugolinus pictor di Urbe Veteris, and the
date ISdJf. In 1378 he was employed with other
artists on the decoration of the walls of the tribune
and choir behind the high altar of the same church.

UGRUMOFF, Gkegob Iwanowitsoh, painter,
was born in Russia about 1764. He was a pupil of
Lossenko, and became professor and rector of the
Petersburg Academy. The Hermitage contains
two of his best pictures, ' The Conquest of Kasan,'
and ' The Ascension of the Romanoff Family to the
Throne.' He died in 1825.

UHLICK, , was an obscure German en-
graver, who resided at Leipsio. His name is
affixed to a, portrait of Johann Melchior Jacob,
dated 1719. According to Zani, he was at work as
late as 1740.

UIJTENBOGAART, Izaak, was born at Amster-
dam in 1767, and was a pupil of J. Andriessen.
He painted landscapes with cattle, also fruit-pieces
and dead game. He also worked in black chalk
and Indian ink, and was for a time director of a
tapestry factory at Hoorn. In 1810 he was
crowned by the Society Felix Meritis. He died at
Amsterdam in 1831. His son Abkaham was a
painter and architect.

UIJTENBROUCK, Moyses van, (called Little
Moses,) was born at the Hague about 1590. He
painted numerous small landscapes, which he
usually embellished with subjects taken from church
history, or from fables. In 1620 he was made free
of the Guild of St. Luke at the Hague, and was
dean in 1627. His name has been spelt in a great
variety of ways (Utenbroeok, Uytenbroeck, Vijt
den Broeck, Veit van den Broeck, Van Brouck,
Wtenbrouck). He died at the Hague in 1648.
Pictures by him may be seen at Augsburg,
Brunswick ('The Festival of Bacchus,' 1627),

Copenhagen, Florence, and Vienna. Bartsch and
Weigel give a list of sixty-seven plates by Uijten-
brouck. Two other painters of the same name,
Jan and MatthAus Uutenbrouck, flourished at
the Hague about the middle of the 17th century.

UIL, J. DEN. See Den Uyl.

UITEWAAL, Joachim, (Uytenwael,Wttbwael,
&c.,) was born at Utrecht in 1566. He was the son
of a glass painter, who taught him the rudiments
of design, and he followed his father's profession
until he was eighteen years of age, when he became
a scholar of Joost de Beer, under whom he studied
three years, after which he travelled to Italy, and
passed some time at Padua. In that city he became
known to the Bishop of St. Malo, in whose employ-
ment he passed four years in Padua and two years
in France. He then returned to Utrecht, and there
passed the rest of his life. He died after 1626.
He painted history in the style of Bartholomaus
Sprangher ; and cabinet pictures of more decided
merit. He also furnished designs for glass painters,
and carried on a trade in hemp. Among his best
pictures are :

Berlin. Gallery. Lot and his Daughters.

Brunswick. Museum. Feast of the Gods. 1600. (A

subject he often treated.)
Copenhagen. Gallery. The Preaching of John.
Dresden. „ Apollo and Minerva. 1590.

Madrid. „ Adoration of the Shepherds.

Munich. „ The Marriage of Feleus with

The Hague. Museum. Mars and Venus surprised by

Vulcan. 1600.
Vienna. Gallery. Adoration of the Shepherds.

„ „ Diana and Actseon.

UITENWAEL, (or Utenwael,) Paulus van,
an obscure engraver, who may have been connected
with Joachim Uitewaal. He engraved portraits,
mythological scenes, and plans of towns.

ULEFELD, Eleonore Christine, Countess of,
was bom at Priedriksborg in 1621. She was the
daughter of King Christian IV. of Denmark, and
wife of the minister Ulefeld. She was a pupil of
Karel van Mander, and was clever in miniature
painting as well as in modelling in clay and em-
broidering. She died at Mariboe, in Laland, in 1698.
Her daughter, Helena Christiana, was also an

ULENBURGH, (or Ulenburg,) Gerhard, a
Dutch painter of the 17th century, was a native of
Amsterdam. His father Hendrik, an art-dealer,
was cousin to Saskia, Rembrandt's first wife, and
placed his son in the great painter's atelier.
After Hendrik's death, Gerhard carried on his
father's business, and gathered together a fine
collection of pictures. In 1675 he was impover-
ished by losses in trade, and his collection was
sold. He is said to have then tried his fortune in
England, where he was employed by Sir Peter
Lely to paint-in draperies and backgrounds. He
is supposed to have died in tliis country about 1690.

ULERICK. See Vlerick.

ULIN, Pierre d', a French painter, bom in 1669.
He gained the first prize of the Academy in 1696,
with a picture of ' Pharaoh giving his ring to
Joseph,' and afterwards became painter in ordinary
to the king. He died in 1748.

ULIVELLI, CosiMO, was born at Florence about
1625. He was a disciple and imitator of Baldassare
Franceschini. His works are to be seen at Florence,
in the Carmine, in the Uffizi, in S. Spirito, and S.
Nunziata. He died in 1704.




ULLMANN, Walter, an English painter, was
born in 1861. In 1882 his ' Jour d'Automne,' a
landscape with figures, attracted attention at the
Salon. He died in the June of the same year.

ULMANN, Benjamin, painter, born at Blotzheim
(Haut Rhin) in 1829, was a pupil of Drolling and
of Picot, and entered the ficole des Beaux Arts in
1849. He gained the " prix de Rome " in 1859,
and profited much by his studies in Italy. He ex-
hibited a number of works at the Salon from 1855
onwards, chiefly portraits and historical subjects,
and was commissioned to paint some pictures for
the Palais Royal and for the Palais de Justice.
His 'Sylla and Marius' is in the Luxembourg, and
other works by him are in the Museums of Mans,
Marseilles, Melun, and Colmar. He died in 1884.

ULMER, JoHANN KoNEAD, an engraver, was born
at Beroldsheim, near Ansbaoh, in 1783. He studied
first underNaumann, then atthe Augsburg Academy,
and next under J. G. Muller at Stuttgart. In 1806
he went to Paris, where he worked twelve years for
the Musee Napoleon. In 1818 he returned to Ger-
many, and became professor of engraving in the
Stadel Institute, Frankfort. He committed suicide
in 1820. Among his best plates are :

The Madonna della Sedia ; after Raphael.

Madonna di San Sisto; after the same {completed iy

St. Cecilia; after Mignard.

The Burgomaster ; after Van der Heist.

Triumph of Religion ; after Zesueur.

The Duke of Buckingham ; after Van Dyclc,

Carlo Dolci ; after that painter,

ULRICH, called ' S. Ulrich,' a miniature painter
who flourished from about 923 to about 973. He
transcribed and illuminated an ' Evangelistarium,'
now in the Munich Court Library, and another, now
in the British Museum.

ULRICH, Hans Jakob, painter, born at Zurich
in 1798, was brought up by his parents to be a
merchant, but gave up business and devoted himself
to painting. He travelled in France, Italy, England,
and the Netherlands for improvement, and became
a successful painter of landscapes, sea-pieces, birds,
and animals. He was at one time Professor at the
Zurich Polytechnic. He was an exhibitor at the
Salon between 1824 and 1840. Many of his land-
scapes were English in origin, and he was one of
the first of his country to profit by the finer styles
of the north in that branch of art. Examples of his
work exist in the museums of Orleans and Nantes.
C. Huber etched a, series of sixty plates from his

ULRICH, Heineich, a German painter and en-
graver, was bom at Nuremberg about 1572, and
worked in that city and Vienna. Two plates by
him, ' Christ on the Cross,' and ' The Body of Christ
in the lap of His Father Joseph,' have merit. In
all he has left 150 plates, portraits, historical sub-
jects, and genre. He died about 1631.

ULRICH, JoH. See Wechtlin.

UMBACH, Jonas, painter, designer, and en-
graver, was bom at Augsburg about 1624. He was
cabinet painter to the Bishop of Augsburg, and
produced many landscapes with cattle, also kitchen
pieces, feathered game, and a few historical subjects
in chiaro-scuro. He also etched 230 plates of
biblical, historical, and mythological scenes and
landscapes. Among these there are :

Christ on the Mount of Olives.

Trains of Children and Nereids.

Two Duck-shooters lying in Wait.

Landscapes with Ruins.

Bacchanals and Infant Sports.

He died in 1680, or 1700. There was a younger
Jonas Umbach, but there are no particulars re-
specting him, except that he drew portraits.

UNDELOT, Jacques, a miniaturist of the 15th
century, who illuminated a missal for Charles the
Bold (while Comte de Charolais) in the year 1465.
It is now in the Copenhagen Library.

UNDERWOOD, Richard Thomas, an English
water-colour painter. He studied at Dr. Monro's,
and practised in London, following art more as a
pastime than as a profession. Some of his draw-
ings appeared at Cooke's Exhibition in Soho Square.
He died at Auteuil, near Paris, in 1836.

UNDERWOOD, Thomas, born in 1809, was
originally an engraver, but finally devoted himself
to writing on artistic and antiquarian subjects. He
published a work on ' The Buildings of Birming-
ham, past and present.' He was also much em-
ployed as an adviser by collectors of works of art.
He died in London in 1882.

UNGER, JoHANN Friedrich, wood-engraver,
was a son and pupil of Johann Georg Unger. He
was born at Berlin about 1740 or 1750. He was
a member of the Berlin Academy, and Professor of
wood-engraving. A set of improved German
printed characters was designed by him. His
principal wood-cuts were after drawings by J. W.
Meil. He died in 1804.

UNGER, JoHANN Georo, a wood-engraver, was
born at Goos, near Pima, in 1715. He was originally
a printer, but in 1757 devoted himself entirely to
the art of wood-engraving. He worked for the
Berlin Tobacco Administration, and also produced
some good landscapes for his time. He invented
several improvements in the technic of wood-en-
graving, and had much influence on the revival of
the art. He died in 1788.

UNGER, Johanna, was bom in Hanover in
1836-8, and studied from 1855 onwards under Karl
Sohn and Otto Rethel at Diisseldorf, then under
Leutze, and last at Munich under Piloty. She died
at Pisa, February 11, 1871. She was clever at
illustrative arabesques, and besides some portraits
and aquarelles, left the following oil paintings :

The Sleeping Beauty. 1863. I Joan of Arc.

The Marys at the Sepulchre. 1864. | Deborah.
Jephthah's Daughter.
Cinderella's Sisters.

UNGER, Joseph, the younger, the son of an
architect, was a painter and lithographer, and was
born at Munich in 1811. He studied in the Aca-
demy there, and after devoting himself for a short
time to painting, transferred his attention wholly
to lithography. He died in 1843. Among his
best lithographs are :

The Nativity ; after Schraudelph.

The Death of the Virgin ; after the same.

UNKER. See D'Unkee, Henning-Lutzow.

UNTERBERGER, Christoph, was bom at Cava-
lese, in Tyrol, in 1732. He was taught drawing
by an uncle, and afterwards went to Vienna,
Venice, Verona, where he studied under Cignaroli,
and, in 1758, to Rome. Here he made the ac-
quaintance of Rafael Mengs, and copied the works
of Pietro da Cortona, in whose style he produced
two altar-pieces for the cathedral of Brixen. On
the recommendation of Mengs he was commis-
sioned to decorate the Vatican Library with grot-
teschi and other painted ornament, and to work in
the Villa Borghese. He died at Rome in or about
1798. His works were mostly historical, but he also





executed genre subjects, landscapes, and fruit and
flower-pieces. He copied the Loggia of Raphael
for the Emperor of Russia. Some genre paintings
by him are in the Liechtenstein Gallery at Vienna.
UNTERBERGER, Iqnaz, painter and engraver,
a 3'ounger brother of Christoph Unterberger, was
born at Cavalese about 1743-8, and was also a
pupil of his uncle, Franz. He likewise went to
Rome and came under the influence of Mengs, but
his model among the old masters was Correggio.
He painted grotesque subjects and bambocciaii.
After settling in Vienna in 1776, he attracted atten-
tion by his arabesques and imitations of cameos.
He became a member of the Vienna Academy, and
died in the Austrian capital in 1797. Works :
Koniggratz. Cathedral. Descent of the Holy Ghost.
Prague. Gallery. Bathsheba.

Vienna. Italian Ch. Madonna.

Unterberger scraped some mezzotints ; among
them the best were :

Hebe giving drink to the Eagle of Jove ; after M. A.

Venus surrounded by Loves.

UNTERBERGER, Michel Angelo_, was born at
Cavalese in 1695, and studied first in that place
under Giuseppe Alberti, and afterwards at Venice
under Piazzetta. His most important work was
done in the convent at Passau and in Vienna. In
1751 he became joint director of the Vienna Aca-
demy. He died in 1758. Among his best works
are :

The Dismissal of Hagar.

The Archangel Michael.

The Death of the Virgin (Brixen).

SS. Joseph and Theresa ( Wiltau).

Hebe giving drink to the Eagle.

UNWIN, R., enamel painter, was much employed
at the beginning of the 19th century in enamelling
watches and jewellery. He also painted portraits
and landscapes in miniature, and exhibited at the
Royal Academy from 1785 to 1812.

UNZELMANN, Friedhioh Lddwig, wood-en-
graver, was born at Berlin in 1797. He studied
under Gubitz at the Berlin Academy, of w^hich he
became a member in 1843, and in 1845 a professor.
His cuts consisted chiefly of architecture, landscapes,
portraits, and genre subjects. He engraved Men-
zel's illustrations to the works of Frederick the
Great. He died at Vienna in 1854.

URBANO DA VENEZIA, an obscure artist who
is said by Venetian writers of the 18th century to
have assisted Francesco Tacooni in painting the
organ shutters of St. Mark's, Venice.

URBANO, PiETEO, a native of Pistoia, was a
Bcholar of Michelangelo, and is mentioned by
Vasari as one of those who lived in Buonarroti's

URBINA, UiEGO DE, was born at Madrid about
the middle of the 16th century, and was employed
in 1570, in conjunction with A. Sanchez Coello, on
the paintings for the triumphal arches for the
entry of Anna of Austria, fourth bride of Philip II.
of Spain, to whom Diego was appointed painter.
In 1572 he painted for the royal monastery of
Santa Cruz, six pictures from the histories of the
Virgin and our Lord, and a ' Finding of the Cross
by the Empress Helena.' With Gregorio Martinez,
in 1524, he painted and gilded a retable for the high
altar of Burgos cathedral. The work was finished
in 1594.

URBINA, Juan de, is said to have painted at
the Escorial in the reign of Philip II. His name


lives in the verse of Lope de Vega, who calls him
' Generoso Urbina,' and laments his death as his
royal patron's loss.
URBINO, Beamante da. See Lazzari.
URBINO, Carlo, a painter of Crema, in the 16th
century, who painted some pictures in the town-
hall of that place, and in some of the churches
of Milan. The Brera has a ' Baptism of Christ' by

URBINO, Giovanni and Feancbsco da, two
Italian painters, who, in 1575, were engaged to
decorate the Escorial. Francesco was the abler of
the two, and obtained considerable reputation in

URBINO, LtrcA da, is mentioned by Strutt as
the engraver of a set of prints for a drawing-book,
from designs by Michelangelo, the Carracci, and
other masters.
URBINO, Raphael Sanzio da. See Sanzio.
URBINO, Tbrenzio da. See Terenzi.
URBINO, TiMOTEO DA. See Della Vitb.
URLAUB, Geoeq Karl, was bom at Ansbach
in 1749, and died at Marburg in 1809. He painted
battle scenes, mythological and genre subjects,
and portraits in oil and pastel. There was also a
Gboeg Christian Uklaub, who was an historical
painter of Thungersheim in the 18th century, and
worked at Bamberg, Wtirzburg, &c.
UROOM. See Veoom.
URSINO. See Giolfino, Niccol6.
URZANQUI, — , was an artist of Saragossa,
who enjoyed a considerable reputation in his native
city about the middle of the 17th century.

USTERI, JoHANN Maetin, draughtsman, was
born at Zurich in 1763. His father was a connois-
seur of art, and he was instructed partly at home,
and later on by the sculptor Sonnensohein. In
1783 he travelled in Germany, the Netherlands, and
France. His drawings, which embrace every variety
of subject, are drawn with the pen and then washed
with Indian ink, or coloured like miniatures. Some
of them are moral subjects in series, in the manner
of Hogarth. He died at Rapperswyl in 1827.
UTENBROEOK. See Uijtenbeouck.
UTENWAEL. See Uitewaal.


engraver and medallist, waB born at Twer in 1779.
He was a pupil of Klauber, and then studied in
London, and under Bervic in Paris. He afterwards
became director of the school of engraving at St.
Peitersburg. He died in 1 863. Among his plates

iEneas saving Anchises ; after Domenichino.

Portrait of the Empress Catherine II. ; after Borowi-

Prince Kurakin ; after RegnauZt.
Field-Marshal Suwarrow ; after Schmidt.
Dr. Leighton.
S. Basil ; after Schebujeff.

UTRECHT, Adkiaen van, bom at Antwerp in
1599, was an eminent painter of domestic fowls,
dead game, and objects of still-life. In 1614 he
entered the atelier of Harmen de Neyt, and became
in 1625 free of the Guild. He frequently introduced
fruit and flowers into the pictures of other artists.
He travelled in France, Germany, and Italy, and
went to Spain, where he was much employed by
Philip IV. It was there that he painted the fruit
in the large picture by Rubens of ' Pythagoras and
his Disciples,' which is now in Buckingham Palace.
This part of the work is attributed to Snyders. He
died at Antwerp, October 5, 1652. Two pictures




by him are in the Madrid Gallery, in one of wliich
the figures are inserted by Jordaens. Other good
works by him are at Amsterdam, Antwerp, Bruns-
wick, Brussels, Cassel, Cologne, Copenhagen, Dres-
den, Ghent, and St. Petersburg.

UTRECHT, Alex. van. See Keirrinckx.

UTRECHT, Christoph van, a native of Utrecht,
which he left when quite young, to become a pupil
of Antonio Moro. He was at the court of Portugal
about the middle of the 16th century, and held
high rank at the courts of Charles V. and Philip
II. of Spain. He died in 1557. There is some un-
certainty concerning the works of this artist, but
according to Nagler, some paintings at Evord,
which are somewhat in the style of Van Eyck,
may be attributed to him.

UTRECHT, Jakob van, (Jacobus Trajedensis,)
portrait painter of the early part of the 16th cen-
tury, was a native of Utrecht, and is probably
identical with one " Master Jacob v. Utrecht," who
is registered as a member of the Antwerp Guild in
1506. In the Berlin Gallery there is a portrait of
a man by him, dated 1523.

UTRERA T CADENAS, Josi, was born at Cadiz
in 1829. He studied at the Academy there,"and
showed much promise, both as a portrait and history
painter, when his career was cut short by death,
in 1848. His ' Guzman the Faithful' is now in the
Royal Palace at Madrid.

UWINS, Thomas, painter, was born in Penton-
ville, London, February 24, 1782. In 1797 he was
apprenticed to an engraver, but having a great
desire to be a painter, he left his master at the age
of sixteen, and became a student at the Royal
Academy. He soon began to make a modest living
by designs for book-illustration, chiefly for frontis-
pieces and vignettes. He was elected an Associate
of the Water-Colour Society in 1809, and full
member in 1810, and in 1813 became Secretary to
the Society, a post which he only held for a short

time, for, his health failing, he went in 1814 to the
south of France. In 1818, in consequence of a
money difficulty brought upon him by a friend for
whom he had been surety, he resigned his member-
ship of the Water-Colour Society, and worked un-
ceasingly till he had freed himself from his embar-
rassments, drawing portraits in chalk and making

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 157 of 201)