Michael Bryan.

Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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many designs for booksellers. In 1824 he was able
to make a long-desired journey to Italy, where he
remained till 1831, studying and collecting material
for future work. Returning to England, ho set
about a new departure in his art, determining
thenceforth to abandon water-colour for oil, and at
the age of fifty he began his practice in the new
medium, with marked success. His exhibited
works from this time onward were chiefly Italian
subject pictures, and had great popularity in their
day. He became an Associate of the Royal Academy
in 1833, and a full member in 1838. He was
appointed librarian of the Royal Academy in 1844 ;
Surveyor of the Queen's Pictures in 1845 ; and
Keeper of the National Gallery in 1847. His health
again gave way, and in 1855 he resigned his ap-
pointments and retired to Staines, where he died,
August 25, 1857. Among his works we may name :

The Little Housewife (water-colour). 1810.
Children returning from School (do.). 1811.
Higgler's Boy going to Market (do.). 1812.
Girl decorating her Head with Hops (do.). 1813.
Hay Harvest (do.). (South Kensington Museum.)
Coronation of George IV. (do.). (Do.)
A series of six drawings for illustration (do.). (So.)
Italian teaching her Child the Tarantella (do.). (Do.)
The Saint Manufactory.
Le Ohapeau de Brigand. (Sheffield Gallery.)
Vintage in the Claret Vineyards. (Dundee Gallery.)
Sir Guyon, Verdant, and Acrasia (from Spenser).
(Nottingham Gallery.)

UYL. See Den Uijl.
UYTENBROECK. See Uijtenbroeck.
UYTENWAEL. See Uitewaal.






VAART. See Van dee Vaaet.

VACA, DE. See Cabeza.

VACAS. See Belmontb.

VACCARO, Andrea, painter, was born at Naples
in 1598. He- was a scholar of Girolamo Imparato,
and a rival of Massimo Stanzioni. He for some
time attached himself to an imitation of the
style of Caravaggio, and some of his early pro-
ductions were mistaken for the works of that
painter. He afterwards adopted principles more
like those of Guido. After the death of Stanzioni,
Vaccaro was considered the ablest artist of the
Neapolitan school, and reigned without a rival un-
til the coming of Luca Giordano from Rome, and
even him he defeated in a competitive design for a
' Madonna ' for Santa Maria del Pianto. He at last
took to fresco painting, in which he was less suc-
cessful. He was peculiarly happy in single figures
of saints. Many of these are in the Naples Gallery.
He died at Naples in 1670. He used a monogram
similar to that of Andrea del Sarto, which at one time
caused a few of his easel pictures to be attributed
to that artist. Among his best works are :

Dresden. Gallery. Christ appearing to Mary after

the Resurrection.
Madrid. „ The Kesurrection.

„ „ Isaac and Rebekah.

., „ Death of St. Januarius.

And seven others.
Munich. „ The Scourging of Christ.

„ „ The Child Jesus Sleeping.

Petersburg. Hermitage. The Repentant Magdalene.
Vienna. Gsell Coll. Susannah in the Bath.

VACCARO, DoMENico Antonio, who practised
painting to some very small extent, was chiefly an
architect and sculptor. He was born at Naples in
1680, and painted some ceilings in the church of
Monte Vergine.

VACCARO, Fkance.sco, (or Vicaro,) an Italian
painter and engraver, was born at Bologna aboul
1636. He was a scholar of Francesco Albani, and
is chiefly known, as a painter, by his perspective
and architectural views. He published a treatise on
perspective, embellished with plates designed and
engraved by himself. His prints consist of twelve
perspective views of ruins, fountains, and other
edifices in Italy, inscribed Fr. Vaccaro fee. He
died in 1676.

VACCELLINI. See Vasoellini.

VACHER, Charles, was born in Westminster
in 1818. He went to Italy in 1839, studied in
Rome, and afterwards travelled in Sicily. In 1846
he was elected a member of the New Water-Colour
Society, now in the Royal Institute of Painters in
Water-Colours, to the exhibitions of which he was a
regular contributor. His subjects were mostly from
Italy, Algeria, and Egypt. He died in London,
July 21, 1883. A ' Naples, with Vesuvius,' by him,
is in the South Kensington Museum.

(or Vaoher de Touraine,) was born at Toulon in
1814. He was a pupil of Isabey, and at first painted
landscapes from the coast of Brittany, but in 1854
visited the East, and thenceforth chose Oriental
subjects. He became assistant conservator of the


Luxembourg, and in 1853 received the Legion of
Honour. He died at Toulon in 1873. Among his
best paintings are :

Coast View in Brittany.

Thebes and Luxor at Sunset.

The Pyramids of Ghizeh.

View of the Bosphorus.

Moorish Churchyard in Algeria.

Turkish Cafe.

Salvator Rosa among the Robbers.

The Magi following the Star of Bethlehem.

African Hunt.

Elephants attacked by Lions.

Flamingoes and Ibis.

Pishing Birds.

VADDER. See Db Vaddbe.

VAFFLARD, Pierre Antoinb Augustin, a
French historical and portrait painter, was bom in
Paris in 1777. He was a pupil of Regnault. His
works consist chiefly of poetical subjects, some of
the earliest being 'The Death of Jocasta,' 'The
Blinding of CEdipus,' and ' The Death of (Edipus.'
He also painted events from the careers of Henry
IV., Napoleon, Prince Poniatowski. His 'Death of
Molifere ' has been engraved by Migneret. He was
employed to restore the decorative paintings at
Versailles and in the Tuileries. Several of his pic-
tures are in French provincial galleries. He died
in 1835.

VAGA, P. DEL. See Buonaccoesi.

VAGNUCCI, Feanoesco, a painter of Assisi, who
practised about 1500. He painted in the style of
the qiiattrocentisti, and remains of his work are to
be found in his native town.

VAILLANT, Ande^, third brother and pupil
of Wallerant Vaillant, was born at Lille in 1629,
and died at Berlin in 1693. He engraved the
following portraits :

Aloisius Bevilaqua ; after Bernard Vaillant,
Johann Ernst Sohroeder ; after Jakob Vaillant.
Gabriel de la Gardie.

VAILLANT, Beenard, was born at Lille in
1625, The success of his brother Wallerant as a
portrait painter, induced him to adopt the same
pursuit, and to become his brother's pupil. He
chiefly excelled in painting portraits in crayons, and
having accompanied Wallerant to Frankfort and
Paris, he was much employed. On his return to
the Low Countries, he established himself at Rot-
terdam, where he chiefly resided for the remainder
of his life. He died at Leyden in 1674. He
engraved several portraits in mezzotint, among
which are the following :

Johann Lingelbach, Painter ; after Schwarz.

Paul Dufour ; after Wallerant Vaillant.

Charles de Rochefort ; £. Vaillant ad, vivum faciehat.

Admiral Sweers.
Busts of St. Peter and St. Paul ; from Ms own designs.

VAILLANT, Jacques, fourth of the brothers and
scholar of Wallerant, was born at Lille in 1628.
Whilst young, he visited Italy, and passed two
years at Rome. On his return to Flanders he was
invited to the court of the Elector of Brandenburg,




who, in 1672, employed him in painting some his-
torical subjects. He was then sent by the Elector
to Vienna, to paint the portrait of the Emperor, who
presented him on the occasion with a gold medal
and chain. He died at Berlin in 1691.

VAILLANT, Jean, second of the five artist
brothers, was born at Lille in 1624, and died at
Frankfort. He painted and etched portraits and
landscapes, but ultimately abandoned art for trade.

VAILLANT, Walleeant, painter and etcher, the
eldest of five brother artists, was born at Lille in
1623. After learning the rudiments of design in his
native city, he went to Antwerp, where he became
the disciple of Erasmus Quellin. On leaving the
school of that master he adopted portrait painting,
as the most lucrative branch of art, and settling
at Middelburg, was received into the Guild of St.
Luke there in 1647. Being advised to visit Frank-
fort, at the time (1658) of the coronation of the
Emperor Leopold, he painted a successful portrait
of Leopold, and his reputation was at once estab-
lished. The Mareohal de Grammont took him in
his train to Paris, where he painted the Queen, the
Queen mother, and the Duke of Orleans, and was
BO fully employed that in four years he returned to
Flanders with a competent fortune. He settled at
Amsterdam, where he died in 1677. Some of his
best portraits are in the Museum, and in the French
Orphanage in that city, and in the palace at Berlin.
Some striking portraits by him in chalk are pre-
served at Berlin and Dresden. He is said to have
visited England in the suite of Prince Rupert, and
to have learnt from that prince the then newly-
discovered process of scraping in mezzotint. In
conjunction with the prince, and also independently,
he engraved a great variety of plates in that manner,
some from his own designs, some after other masters.
Among them are the following :

Prince Rupert, two ; one in armour, and one with his
arms crossed and leaning his head on his left hand.
{After his own design.)

His own Portrait. (Do.)

The Portrait of his Wife. (-Do.)

Desiderius Erasmus.

Johann Frobenius, the celebrated Printer of Basle.

Sir Anthony van Dyck.

Barent Graat, Painter.

A young Artist, probably his brother Andr6.

St. Barbara ; after Saphael.

Judith ; after Guido Reni,

The Holy Family ; after Titian.

The Temptation of St. Anthony ; after Cam. Procaocini.

The Bust of a Warrior ; after Tintoretto.

Venus lamenting the Death of Adonis ; after Eras.

The Prodigal Son ; after Marc Geerarts.

Judith and Jael ; after Girard de Lairesse.

Vaillant executed a few excellent portraits with
the point, among them the following :

Archbishop Johann Philipp, Elector of Mainz.

The Duo de Grammont.

The Emperor Leopold I.

Charles Louis, Elector Palatine, and his Wife. (Two

VAILLI^RB, , a French painter, of whose

career there is no record. In the Besanjon Museum
there are drawings by him of Montbarrey, Minister
of War under Louis XVI., and of the Princesse de
Montbarrey, afterwards Princesse de la TrSmoille.

VAINES, Maubiqb de, painter, was born at
Bar-le-Duo, March 2, 1815, and was a pupil of
Auguste Conder and of Pigot. He worked much
as a decorative painter, and was the author of the
allegorical paintings in the Chapel of the Grand
Seminaire, Blois, and of others in the choir of the

Church at Chailles. His 'Slave Market' is in the
Marseilles Museum, and his 'Death of Eustache
Le Sueur ' in the Orleans Museum. He exhibited
occasionally at the Salon between 1839 and 1861.
He died in 1872.

VAJANI, Anna Maria, resided at Rome about
the year 1660, where she engraved some plates for
the ' Giustiniani Gallery.' She also painted flowers.
VAJANO, Alessandro, or Orazio, called 'II
Fiorentino,' was a native of Florence, and flourished
about the year 1628. He resided chiefly at Milan,
and acquired considerable reputation by pictures
for the churches of San Carlo and Sant' Antonio
Abate. There are also several of his works at
Genoa. Bartsch has described a print by him of
a ' Dead Christ with the Instruments of the Pas-
sion,' and also one of a ' Magdalene ' engraved after
him by Sebastiano Vajani, an artist of whom
nothing else is known.
VAL, Dn. See Da Val.

VAL, Sebastiano de, (or D'Vl,) whose correct
name has been given, perhaps, by Zani, as Sebas-
tiano DE Valentini ijTiNBNSB, was an engraver,
and flourished about the middle of the 16th cen-
tury. All that is certainly known is that he en-
graved two plates ; but Bartsch says that he was
a painter of merit, and probably a Venetian. His
two prints are :
A Eepose in Egypt, in which the Virgin, with the Infant
in her arms, rests at the base of a rock on the right,
and Joseph is seated on the left. On a tablet is
inscribed Sebastiano D'. VL.
Prometheus chained, and tormented by the Vulture.
On a stone to the right is inscribed Sebastiano JT Val.
Ut. 5558. (Bartsch says 15558, but the 1 may possibly
be a correction of the 5. Zani conjectures that 5558
represented the date from the Creation, which would
be equivalent to A.D. 1554.)
VALADE, Jean, painter, was born at Poitiers in
1709. He was received by the Academy in 1750,
and became an academician in 1754. He was a
frequent exhibitor of portraits in oil and pastel at
the Salon between 1751 and 1781. He died in
Paris, December 12, 1787.

VALBEUN, Alexis Leon Lodis, painter, was
born in Paris in 1803. He was a pupil of Gosse
and of Gros. He entered the ficole des Beaux Arts
in 1817. Exhibited at the Salon between 1831 and
1843. His portrait of Philip V. of Spain is in the
Versailles collection. He died in 1862.
VALBUENA. See Medina y Valboena.
VALCK, Gerard, (or Valk,) a Dutch engraver,
was born at Amsterdam about the year 1626. He
was first a servant to Abraham Blooteling, but
having married his master's sister, was instructed
in engraving, and taken into partnership. He
worked jointly with Blooteling upon several mezzo-
tints. It is therefore not unusual to find the same
plates ascribed to both. They worked much for
Browne, the printseller, who, as was his custom,
omitted their names from the plates. In Blootel-
ing's company Valok visited England, where he was
employed for some time by David Loggan. Re-
turning to Amsterdam, he assisted Peter Schenck
in the publication of his large Dutch Atlas, in two
folio volumes, in 1683. He is believed to have
died at Amsterdam in 1720. We have several por-
traits and other subjects engraved by him, both in
mezzotint and with the graver. Among others are
the following :

Hortensia, Duchess of Mancini ; after Lely ; one of his
best plates.





Nell Gwya ■ after the same.
Kobert, Lord Brooke,
John, Duke of Lauderdale.
Burgomaster Koningh ; after Miereveldt,


"William, Prince of Orange ; after Lely.

Mary, Princess of Orange ; after the same.

Louisa, Duchess of Portsmouth ; after the same.

Mary Davis, Actress ; after the same.

A Girl holding a Lamp ; after G. Dou.

David and Bathsheba ; after B. Graat.

A Trumpeter presenting a letter to a Lady; after

The Sleeping Maid.

A Death's Head crowned vpith Laurel.

Cupid asleep ; after Guido Beni.

A Woman ' qui cherohe ses puces.'

VALCK, Pbteii, painter, was born at Leeuwarden,
Friesland, in 1584, and formed his manner by
studying the works of Abraham Bloemaert. He
afterwards went to Italy, and passed some years
in Rome. On his return to Holland, he practised
as an historical painter, and excelled also in por-
traits and landscapes. A portrait of himself, done
in his twenty-first year, is praised by Houbraken.
He engraved a few plates, in which he imitated the
style of Philipp Galle.

VALCKENBURG. See Valkbnbokoh.

VALCKERT, Wbrnee, or Warnaed, van, (Van
DEN Valker, &c.,) a Dutch painter and etcher, was
born, probably at Amsterdam, about 1580. Ac-
cording to Houbraken he was a scholar of Hendrik
Goltzius, at Haarlem. He painted historical pic-
tures and portraits. He was still alive in 1635,
when he was at Delft, painting on fayence. There
are pictures by him in some of the churches at
Utrecht, and the following are in the Amsterdam
Museum :

The Archer company of Captain Albert Coenraet Burgh.

Four Syndics and an EmployS of the Mercer's Guild.

Four Male Regents of the Leper's Hospital. 1624.

Three Female Eegents of the same.

Five pictures from the Foundling Hospital.

Portrait of Swartenhont, Lieut.-Admiral of Holland.

(?) Portrait of Pieter Dirksz. Hasselaer.

He also etched a few plates from his own designs,
among them the following :

His own Portrait.

The Holy Family.

Jacob with Joseph's Coat.

The Last Supper.

St. Luke.

The Good Samaritan.

Venus sleeping, surprised by two Satyrs.

An old Man and Woman seated at a table, with the

figure of Death giving his band to the old Man;

dated 1612.
Fool and Girl.
Cupid and Satyrs.

VALDBLMIRA de LEON, Juan, was born at
Tafalla, in Navarre about 1630. He was instructed
in the rudiments of design by his father at Valla-
dolid, and after his death entered the school of
Francisco Rizi, at Madrid. He assisted that master
in several of his woi'ks, particularly in the Portu-
guese church at Toledo, in the Retire, and other
places. But his chief excellence was in flower-
pieces. He died in his thirtieth year.

VALDES, Lucas de, a painter and engraver,
was the son of Juan de Valdes-Leal, and of his
wife Isabella Carasquilla. He was born at Seville
in 1661, and at the age of eleven he engraved four


plates, which are to be found in ' Fiestas de Seville
a la oanonizacion de San Fernando,' and form em-
blematic allusions to the virtues of that Saint. He
became mathematical master of the Marine College
at Cadiz, but continued the exercise of the pencil
and graver till his death there in 1724. His sacred
subjects are chiefly in the cathedral and churches
of Seville, and there is one in the Museum of that
city. He also painted pictures of Saints and por-
traits, several of which he engraved ; among them
the portrait of Father Francisca Tamariz, and that
of the philanthropist Manara. His son, Juan de
Valdbs, distinguished himself as an engraver, par-
ticularly of religious subjects for books of devotion.

VALDES, Makia and Laura de, daughters of
the Spanish painter, Juan de Valdes-Leal, were
painters of some skill, especially of miniature
portraits. The former died a nun in the Cistercian
Convent at Seville, in 1730.

VALDES, Sebast. See Llanos t Valdbs.

VALDES-LEAL, Don Juan de, was born at
Seville in 1630, and distinguished himself as a
painter, sculptor, and architect. He worked for a
time under Antonio del Castillo. Of his pictures,
the most worthy of notice are a ' History of the
Prophet Elias,' in the church of the Carmelites ;
the ' Martyrdom of St. Andrew,' in the church of S.
Francesco, at Cordova ; and the ' Triumph of the
Cross,' in la Caridad, at Seville. He was one of
the founders of the Seville Academy. He lived in
habits of intimacy with Murillo, who was an admirer
of his works, and died at Seville in 1691. He has
left two plates. His wife, Isabella Carasquilla,
was also a painter. She died at Seville as late as

born at Mazarron, in Murcia, in 1832. He was
first a pupil of Juan Albacete, and then studied
successively in the Schools of Art at Madrid, in
Paris, and in Rome. After his return he became
anatomical teacher to the Academy of San Fernando.
About 1870 his mind was for a time deranged. He
died in 1872. He painted portraits, genre sub-
jects, and historical pictures ; among the latter are:

The Entombment.

The First Communion.

Philip II. on the occasion of an Auto da Fe.

VALDOR, Jan, the elder, an engraver, was bom
at Liege about 1580. He was a pupil of Wierix,
and engraved portraits, historical subjects, and title-
pages for books. An ' Assumption of the Virgin '
and a ' Conversion of St. Paul ' are among his plates.

VALDOR, Jan, the younger, (or Waldor,) was
a native of Liege ; his birth has been assigned both
to 1590 and 1602. He is supposed to have been
the son of Jan Valdor the elder ; if so, the latter
date is probably the right one for his birth. He
closely followed the style of Wenzel Hollar. He
was sent when young as plenipotentiary to the
French court, where he attracted the notice of
Mazarin. He from this time chiefly resided in
Paris, where he executed a considerable number of
plates, representing saints and devotional subjects.
He also engraved, after Michel Pontianus, some of
the plates for ' Les Triomphes de Louis le Juste,'
published in Paris in 1649. These are his best
performances. We have besides, by him, a ' Repose
of tlie Holy Family,' after Herm. Swanevelt ; and
a head of St. Ignatius Loyola, very highly finished.
After the death of his wife he returned to Lifege,.
and became an ecclesiastic. His death occurrei
after 1649.




VALEE. See Vall^e.

VALEGGIO (Valeqio, or Valegius). See

VALENCIA, Jacopo da, sometimes called Valen-
TINA, learnt his art in Murano, and was probably a
disciple of the Vivarini. His earliest picture is a
Madonna and Child, dated 1485, belonging to the
Pagani Family, at Belluno. The Correr Museum,
in Venice, has a similar subject, dated 1488 ; the
Berlin G-allery contains two Madonnas ; in the
church of San Giovanni, Serravalle, is an Enthroned
Virgin and Child, dated 1502 ; the cathedral of
Ceneda possesses two Madonnas, one dated 1508 ;
and in the Academy of Venice there is a Virgin
and Child, dated 1509. The dates of neither his
birth nor death are known.

VALENCIA, Matias de. See Chafeion.

VALENCIENNES, Pierre Henri, (or Devalen-
CiENNES,) landscape painter, was born at Toulouse
in 1750, and after studying for a time in his native
city, was sent by his parents to Paris, where he
became a pupil of Doyen. He subsequently visited
Italy, and studied the works of Claude and Poussin
at Borne. On his return to Prance he formed a
school, from which issued many well-known masters
of classical landscape. He exhibited at the Salon
from 1787 to 1814. He became a member of the
old Academy of Painting in 1787. He died in Paris
in 1819. His principal pictures are, 'Cicero dis-
covering the tomb of Archimedes ; ' two subjects
from Qldipus ; ' Philoctetes in the island of
Lemnos ; ' a ' View of the ancient city of Troezene ; '
the ' Vale of Temp^ ; ' and the ' Dance of Theseus.'
Besides these he painted a great number of land-
scapes. Several of his pictures have been engraved.
He published a treatise entitled ' filaments de Per-
spective pratique k I'usage des Artistes.'

VALBNS, (or Falens,) Charles van, painter,
born at Antwerp in 1683, was a pupil of Constantinus
Francken about 1696. In 1703 he went to France,
and, practising in Paris, became a member of the
Academy in 1726. He married Marie, the daughter
of the sculptor, Sebastien Slodts, in 1716, and be-
came painter in ordinary to the French king. He
painted battle-pieces, hunting-scenes, &c., in close
imitation of the manner of Philips Wouverman, and
his works show little trace of any original talent.
In the Dresden Gallery there is a ' Starting for a
Heron Hunt' by him, and two pictures in the
same genre in the Stockholm Gallery. He died in
Paris, May 26, 1733.

_ VALENTIN, a painter, who, though French by
birth, should be classed among the Naturalisti of
the Italian school. He was born at Coulommiers
(Seine et Marne) in 1600. But little is known
concerning him: even his name has been a subject
of doubt. He has frequently been assigned the
Christian name of Pierre, and sometimes that of
Moi'se. The latter has been shown to be a cor-
ruption of the title " Mosu " prefixed to his name
by the Italians. He has been called Jean Basset,
but his real name would appear to have been
Jean de Boullongne, and his pseudonym of Valen-
tin to have been taken from the Christian name
of his father. He fotmd his way to Rome when
very young. Here he is said, doubtfully, to have
studied under his countryman Vouet, then in the
height of his Italian reputation. Some writers,
influenced by the reflection of Caravaggio seen in
his works, have called him a pupil of that master.
That this is a mistake is evident from the fact
that Caravaggio died in 1609. He shows the

weaknesses and strong points of that painter.
His drawing is vigorous, and his treatment of
light and shade powerful, though frequently over-
strained. In his choice of subjects, like the other
Naturalisti, he seems to have found nature only
in her ugliest and most ignoble forms. Valentin
was known to Sandrart and to Nicolas Poussin.
Like both of these painters, he was patronized by
Cardinal Barberini, for whom he painted the ' Exe-
cution of St. John Baptist.' Through the influence
of the same patron, he obtained the commission
for his principal work, the ' Martyrdom of SS.
Processus and Martinianus,' for St. Peter's. Another
important commission was the picture of ' Peter
denying Christ,' now in the Corsini Palace at
Rome. But it is not in works of this character
that he is in his element. He was a man of
irregular life, and the scenes most congenial to
him are those peopled by wandering musicians,
swashbucklers, gamesters, gipsies, and pickpockets.
His career was cut short by a fever caused by
imprudently bathing when heated after an orgy.
He died at Rome August 7, 1634. One etching
was formerly attributed to Valentin. It is now

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 158 of 201)