Michael Bryan.

Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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ascribed to another hand. The following is a
list of his pictures in some of the chief European
galleries ;

Antwerp. Academy. Card-players.

Berlin. Museum. Our Lord washing the Disciples'


„ „ Bad Company.

Copenhagen „ Carnival Scene.

Dresden. Gallery. The Blind Musician.

Florence. UJizi. The Mote in the Eye.

„ „ The Guitar Player.

Madrid. Museum. Martyrdom of St. Lawrence.

Montpellier, „ Two Young Men Drawing.

Munich. Finakothek. Presentation in the Temple.

„ „ Queen Artemisia.

Paris. Louvre. The Judgment of Daniel.

„ „ The Judgment of Solomou.

„ „ The Tribute Money.

„ „ The Concert.

„ „ The Fortune-Teller.

„ „ An Inn.

Petersburg. Hermitage. Christ Expelling the Traders
from the Temple.
„ „ The Denial of St. Peter.

„ „ Soldiers Dicing.

„ „ A Concert.

Bome. Vatican. Martyrdom of SS. Processus

and Martinianus.

„ Fal. Sciarra. Death of John the Baptist.

„ Pal. Borghese. Joseph interpreting Dreams.

Rouen. Museum. Call of St. Matthew.

Stockholm. JVat. Gallery. St. John Baptist.
Turin. Gallery. Christ scourged.

Versailles. Palace. The Evangelists (four pictures).

Vienna. Gallery. Moses with the Tables of the

Law. O.J.D.

VALENTIN, A— Henri, painter and illustrator,
was born at AUarmont in 1820, and died in 1855.
He painted genre subjects and aquarelles, but was
better known by his designs for the ' Magasin
Pittoresque ' and other papers.

VALENTIN, Gottfried, a painter of Leipsic in
the 17th century, produced numerous animal and
hunting pieces, and allegories. One of the latter,
a ' Vanity,' is in the city library at Leipsic, and
represents a skeleton playing upon the harpsichord.

VALENTINA, Jacopo. See Valencia.

VALENTINI, Ernst, a German painter, was
born at Westerburg in 1759. He was at first a
bookseller in Frankfort, but practised drawing and
silhouetting in his leisure hours, till in 1780 a
portrait of his gained him sufficient notoriety to





cause him to proceed to Italy for improveinent.
He attended the academies of Turin and Milan.
At Parma he painted the Duke and his family,
and at Florence (1787) the Grand Duke (after-
wards the Emperor) Leopold. From 1789 till 1794
he was in Rome. In the latter year he returned to
Germany, where he lived partly at Oettingen and
partly at Detmold as court painter. In his later
career he painted landscapes and miniature portraits.
He died in 1820.

VALERIANI, Padre Giuseppe, according to
Baglione, was a native of Aquila, and flourished
at Rome in the pontificate of Clement VIII. (1592
— 1606). It is not said under whom he studied, but
he imitated the style of Sebastiano del Piombo._ In
this manner he painted for the church of San Spirito
in Sassia, two pictures, representing the ' Trans-
figuration,' and the ' Descent of the Holy Ghost.'
He afterwards became a Jesuit, and painted several
scenes from the Life of the Virgin for the Church
of his order.

VALE RIO, Theodore, a French painter,
draughtsman, engraver, and lithographer, born at
Herserange in 1819. He was a pupil and friend
of Charlet. His works first appeared at the Salon
in 1838, when he exhibited a 'Corps de Garde
Flamand.' He travelled in Germany, Switzerland,
Italy, Hungary, the Herzegovina, and Montenegro.
His drawings of the people and scenery of South-
Bastern Europe made his reputation. On the out-
break of the Russo-Turkish war of 1853, he ac-
companied the Turkish army, and exhibited a series
of water-colour sketches then made by him at the
Paris Exhibition of 1855. Of a retiring dispo-
sition, his latter years were spent in a secluded
corner of Brittany. He died at Vichy in September,

VALERO, Cbist6bal, was born at Alboraya,
Valencia, early in the 18th century. He was at
first a student of philosophy, but later devoted him-
self to art under Evaristo Munoz, and afterwards
travelled to Rome, where he worked with Sebas-
tian Genoa. On his return he became a priest, and
also (1754) director of the Academy of Santa Bar-
bara ; in 1762 he was made an honorary member of
that of San Fernando, and in 1768 director of that
of San Carlos. He died at Valencia in 1789. Some
of his pictures are in the churches of Valencia ; in
the Archiepiscopal Palace in the same city there
are portraits of various prelates, while the Madrid
Museum possesses two scenes from '.Don Quixote '
by him.

VALERY, Cakolinb de. A picture signed with
this name hangs in the Glasgow Gallery. It is in
the style of Greuze, and represents a girl examining
a miniature, but nothing is known of its author.

VALESCART, (or Walescaet,) Jan, a painter
of Li^e, who flourished in the 17th century. He
studied first at Antwerp, and afterwards went to
Italy to complete his education in Guide's atelier.
He died at Liege in 1676.

VALESIO, Feancesco, (Valeqqio, Valegius,
&c.) who was born at Bologna in 1560, is men-
tioned by Florent le Comte as both painter and
engraver ; he has left several plates from his own
compositions, as well as frontispieces and other
book-ornaments. His most important work, how-
ever, is a set of Hermits, engraved for the ' Illus-
trium Anachoretorum Elogia,' written by Jacobus
Cavacius, a Benedictine monk, and published at
Venice in 1612. He also engraved some portraits
and views of towns, after Pietro Facini and other


masters. He carried on a business as an art dealer
in partnership with one Doino.

VALESIO, GiACOMO, (Valegio, &c.) an Italian
engraver, was a native of Verona, and flourished
towards the close of the 16th century. His plates
are executed with the graver, in a style resembling
that of Cornelis de Cort, but very inferior to it.
Among other prints by him, we have one of ' St.
Michael vanquishing the Evil Spirits,' after Paolo
Veronese, and bearing the signature Jacom. Vale-
gio fecit, 1687. Niccol6 Valegio, another en-,
graver, flourished about the same time ; he was
also of Verona, and both were publishers.

VALESIO, Giovanni Ldigi, was born at Bologna
about 1579. He was the son of a Spanish soldier,
and was at first a dancing and drill master, but
took to decorating doctors' patents, and in 1610
entered the school of Lodovico Carracci. Here he
studied miniature as well as fresco painting, and
also executed some pen-and-ink drawings. In
1621 he proceeded to Rome, where he prepared
designs for the embroideries of the Countess
Lodovisi, and then became secretary to the Cardinal
of that name, who presently succeeded to the
Popedom as Gregory XV., and employed Valesio
to paint in his palace. Valesio died at Rome not
sooner than 1623. Among his works at Bologna
are, a ' Scourging of Christ,' in the church of San
Pietro ; an ' Annunciation,' at the Mendicanti ;
and ' St. Roch curing the Plague-stricken,' in the
church dedicated to that Saint. At Rome his best
work is ' Religion,' in the Minerva Monastery. He
etched several plates from his own designs, and after
other masters, as well as a variety of plates for
books. In these he approached the style of Agos-
tino Carracci. Among others, we have the following
prints by him :

The Virgin, with the Infant Christ seated on her lap ;

after his ovm design.
Vpnus threatening Cupid ; do.
Venus chastising Cupid ; do.
Funeral of Gregory XV. (1623.)

VALET. See Vallbt.

VALETTE-FALGOUS, Jean, called Penot,
painter, was born at Montauban in 1710. There
are some pictures of still-life by him in the museum
of his native town. He died after 1776.

VALETTE, Louis Antoinb, was born in Paris
in 1787. He was a pupil of Gu^rin and Ch&y.
The only picture he exhibited was a 'Cephalus and
Prooris,' at the Luxembourg in 1830. In that same
year he was killed by a soldier during the street-
fighting of the " Days of July."

VALETTE, Paul Bernard, wood-engraver, was
bom at Toulouse in 1862. He was a pupU of
M. Pannemaker and of the ^cole Nationale de
Dessin. He exhibited, at the Salon, wood-engrav-
ing after well-known painters, such as Baudry,
Carolus Duran, Merci6, Madrazo, and Gautherin ;
also after Michelangelo and Albrecht Durer. He
died in Paris June 9, 1880.

VALIN, , painter. All that is known of him

is that a picture signed with his name exists in the
Strasburg Museum.

VALK, Gerard. See Valck.

VALK, H. (J. ?) — , a Dutch painter of whom
scarcely anything is known. He worked in the
second half of the 17th century, and two pictures
by him are in the Amsterdam Museum ; a portrait
of Hans Willem, Baron van Aylva, and another
of his wife.

VALK, PiETER DE. See Valck.




VALKENBORCH, Feederik van, the son of
Lucas van Valkenborch, is said to have been born
at Mechlin in 1570, and was instructed by his
father. He travelled to Venice when still young,
studied the works of Titian, Tintoretto, and P.
Veronese, and afterwards settled with his father in
Nuremberg. Though he occasionally painted his-
torical subjects, he was more successful with per-
spective views, markets, fairs, and festivals, in
which he usually introduced a great number of
figures. His works are little known out of Ger-
many. He passed the latter part of his life at
Nuremberg. In 1612 he painted a triumphal arch
for the entry of the Emperor into the city. He died
in 1623. He is the author of a ' Village PIte ' (1694)
and a ' Fair ' (1595), in the Vienna Gallery ; and
of landscapes in those of Frankfort and Brunswick.

VALKENBORCH, Lucas van, was born at
Mechlin about 1530, and lived in that town and
Antwerp. He was registered in the Guild of St.
Luke in 1560, and became a master in 1564. He
painted landscape and genre subjects with peasants
and soldiers in water-colours, as well as portraits
in miniature. During the troubles in the Nether-
lands he took the popular side, and, in 1566, was
compelled to fly from Mechlin. After a stay at
Antwerp, where he joined his brother Marten, and is
believed to have studied under Pieter Brueghel, the
brothers, accompanied by Jan Vredeman de Vries,
proceeded to Aix-la-Chapelle and Lifege, where they
produced a number of landscapes. Lucas seems to
have returned to the Netherlands for a short time,
but the Spanish, triumphs sent him back to Ger-
many. In 1570 he obtained the patronage of the
Archduke Matthias, whom he accompanied to
Linz. There, until the outbreak of the Turkish
war, he painted miniature portraits, and landscapes
with genre subjects introduced. In 1594 he was
at Frankfort a. M., where Georg Hoefnagel em-
ployed him on designs, and in 1597 he was back at
Nuremberg, where Sandrart says he met him in
1622. At that date he would be about ninety-two.
In addition to landscapes at Brunswick and Prank-
fort, there remain the following by him :
Vienna. Gallery. The Four Seasons. 1580-7.

„ „ Stag Hunt. 1590.

„ „ Portrait.

„ Amhraser Coll. Landscape. 1585.

„ „ Banquet of Persons of Bank.

VALKENBORCH, Maeten van, brother of
Lucas van Valkenborch, was born at Mechlin in
1642 (some say 1533), was enrolled in the Mechlin
Guild in 1559, went to Antwerp in 1565, and in
1566 accompanied his brother to Liege and Aix.
At a later period he settled at Frankfort. He died
after 1602. He painted landscapes, portraits, aiid
genre subjects. There is a 'Kermesse' by him in
the Vienna Gallery; a 'Tower of Babel,' at Dres-
den ; several landscapes in the Amhraser Collection
at Vienna, and other pictures at Frankfort (private
collections) and Gotha.

VALKENBORCH, Maeten van, the younger,
probably a son of Marten van Valkenborch the
elder, was a painter of Frankfort, and died there
in 1636. A companion picture to Prederik van
Valkenborch's 'Village FSte,' by Marten the
younger, is preserved in the Vienna Gallery.

VALKENBORCH, Theodook, Diek, or Gillis
VAN, was bom at Amsterdam in 1675, and was first
a scholar of Cuylenborch, but he afterwards studied
under Michiel van Musscher. Ultimately he became
the pupil of Jan Weenix, and painted similar sub-
jects to his. In 1695 he travelled in Germany,

with the intention of visiting Italy, but he was
commissioned to paint some pictures at the court
of the Duke of Baden, and afterwards visited Vienna
with a recommendation to Prince Liechtenstein.
He was so much employed in that capita], that he
renounced his project of visiting Rome, and amassed
a fortune. After a time he returned to Holland,
where he was employed to paint for the palaces at
Loo. Subsequently, however, he met with domestic
afflictions, and emigrated to Surinam, where lie died
in 1725. Works :


Gallery. Defeat of Sennacherib.
Stlidel Inst. Study of Dead Game.

VALKBRT (Valkee, &c.). See Van den

VALLAYBR-COSTER, Anne, a painter of
flowers, animals, and still-life, was born in Paris
in 1744, and died in 1818. She was admitted into
the Academy in 1770 as a painter and sculptor.

VALLBE, Alexandre, designer and engraver,
was born at Bar-le-Duc about 1558, and is known
by some 134 unimportant plates, executed with the
point and graver. They include some religious
subjects after Sustrls, Sprangher, and others ; also
plates after antique medals, architectural subjects,
portraits, &c.

VALLBE, Etienne, or Stefano, de la. See
De la Vall:^b.

VALL:6b, Simon, (or ValjSe,) was born in Paris
about the year 1700. He was a pupil of Pierre
Drevet, and has engraved several plates, which are
etched and finished with the graver. The follow-
ing are among the best :

Jean de Troy, Painter to the King ; after Fras. de Troy.
Jean Fran9ois Savary, Curate of S. Menehoult ; after

the same.
The Transfiguration ; after Maphael.
St. John in the Wilderness ; after the same.
The Flight into Egypt ; after Carlo Maratti.
The Kesurreotion of Lazarus ; after Girolamo Muziano.
The Finding of Moses ; after Francesco Homanelli.
Christ bearing His Cross ; after Andrea Sacchi.
The Death of the Virgin ; after Caravaggio.
The Sacrifice of Abraham ; after Ant. Coypel.
Christ blessing Little Children ; after P. J. Cazes.
The Descent of the Holy Ghost ; after the same.

VALLENBDRGH. See Valkenboech.

VALLES, Josef and Juan, two brothers, were
engravers at Saragossa in the reign of Philip IV.
Josef engraved the title-page to Leonardo de
Argensola's 'Annals of Arragon'; Juan, from a
design by Juan Martinez, engraved the frontispiece
to a work on the birthplace of San Lorenzo, by Juan
de Ustarroz.

VALLET, GuiLLAUMB, (or Valet,) a French
engraver, was born in Paris in 1633. His father,
also an engi'aver, died when Vallet was but three
years old, and his mother placed him under Daret
at an early age. He made rapid progress, and at
the age of twenty travelled to Rome, with his
friend, Etienne Picart, and studied under Maratti.
After a stay of eight years in Rome, where he en-
graved chiefly after the Italian and French masters,
he returned to settle in Paris, where he died July
1, 1704. He exhibited at the Salon in 1673 and
1699. Among others, we have the following prints
by him :

Portrait of the Poet Virgilio of Barrea; after P. F.

Mola ; his best plate.
Charles Emanuel, Dute of Savoy.
Louis, Duke of Mantua.
Alessandro Algardi, Sculptor.
Andrea Sacchi, Painter ; after Carlo Maratti.




Van de Pass

The Bust of Comeille, crowned by Melpomene and
Thalia; after Paillet.

Olympia Maldachini, Koma, 1657.

The Nativity ; after Raphael.

The Holy Family ; after the same,

Melchizedeck bringing presents to Abraham ; after the

The Last Supper ; after the same.

The Holy Family ; after Guido Reni.

The Holy Family ; after Alhani. From the picture in
the Louvre, called ' La Laveuse.*

A Eepoee in Egypt ; after Carlo Maratti.

The Virgin, with the Infant Christ and St. John ; after
Ann. Carracci.

The Annunciation ; after Caurtois.

The Eesurrection ; after N. Loir.

St. John the Baptist before Herod ; after Le Brun.

The Adoration of the Magi ; after Foussin.

The Assumption of the Virgin ; after J. Miel.

The Holy Family ; after Jacques Stella.

The Crucifixion ; after the same.
Vallet'e son, Jerome, who became a member of the
Academy in 1702, engraved sixteen plates from the
baa-reliefs of ' The Pillars of Theodosius in Con-
stantinople,' after drawings by Gentile Bellini.

VALLET, PiEEKE, designer and engraver, was
bom at Orleans about the year 1575. He bore the
title of ' Brodeur ordinaire du Eoi ' to Henry IV. of
Prance, and was living in 1656. He is noted by
Dumesnil as the engraver of the one hundred and
twenty-four prints in ' Les Aventures amoureuses
de Th^agdne et CharicMe,' published in 1613 ; of a
Plan of the City of Paris, after Prangois Quesnel ;
of ' Earth and Fire,' after Toussaint Dubrenil ; and
of the one hundred plates of flowers in ' Le Jardin
du Roy tres Chrestien Henry IV., Roy de Prance
et de Navare. Dedi^ a la Eeyne,' published in
1608. This edition has the portrait of the artist
with his name and the date. He continued to work
for Louis XIII. Nothing further is recorded of Pierre
Vallet, except that he was connected in some other
work with two artists, P. Patoure, and Qabkiello
GiovANB, or Gabriel lb Jedne, who flourished in
Paris in 1609.

VALLIN, Jacques Antoine, a French painter of
whose life no details are forthcoming. He was a
frequent exhibitor at the Salon between 1791 and
1827, and his pictures are to be met with in private
collections in France. His subjects were taken
from classic literature.

VALLORY, Theodore, Chevalier, a French
amateur engraver, flourished about the year 1760.
He etched, for his amusement, several small land-
scapes and other subjects, after Boucher. There
was also a Cavaliere Antonio Valloky, an Italian,
who practised thirty years earlier.

VALLOT, Philippe Joseph, engraver, bom at
Vienna in 1796, of French parents, was a pupil of
Ortemann. He engraved a few plates after Gros
and Vernet, among them 'Napoleon visiting the
Field of Bylau,' 'The Battle of the Pyramids,' and
' The Trumpeter's Horse.' He executed vignettes
after various artists for the works of Voltaire,
Rousseau, Rabelais, Legouv^, for ' The History of
Napoleon,' ' Don Quixote,' and for the Bible. He
died in Paris in 1870.

VALLOU DE VILLENEUVE, Julien, painter,
engraver, and lithographer, was born at Boissy-
Saint-L^ger in 1795. He was a pupil of Garneray
and of Millet, and exhibited many works in oil and
water-colours, and several lithographs, at the Salon,
from 1824 onwards. He died in Paris, May 4, 1866.

VALOIS, Jean PEANgois, a Dutch painter, was
born at Paramaribo in 1778. He was the pupil of his
father, an obscure painter. He lived at the Hague


for many years, and gave lessons in drawing. He
died at the Hague, December 7, 1853. Works:
Amsterdam. R. Museum. View of a Town.
Eotterdam. Museum. A Farmyard.

VALPUESTA, Pedbo de, 'El licenciado,' a
Spanish painter, was bom at Osma, in Old Castile,
in 1614. He was a disciple of Eugenic Caxes, at
Madrid, and, according to Palomino, the most suc-
cessful follower of his style. He became a priest,
and died in the capital in 1668. His principal
works are in the churches and convents at Madrid.
The most remarkable are : a series of pictures from
the Life of the Virgin, in the church of San Miguel ;
the ' Holy Family, with St. Joachim and St. Anne,'
in the chapel of the Hospital del Buensuceso ; six
pictures representing the ' Life of St. Clara,' and
scenes from the Life of St. Francis, in the respec-
tive convents of those saints.

VALTON, Henri, painter, born at Troyes about
1810. He was a pupil of Couture, and exhibited
portraits and historical pictures at the Salon from
1834 to 1857. His portrait of Dominique Morlot,
painter, is in the Troyes Museum.

VAN. For names beginning with this prefix
separably, if not followed by de, den, or der, see
under the names themselves.

VANASSEN, BENEDicxns Antonio, a designer
and engraver, who worked in England towards the
end of the 18th and the beginning of the 19th
centuries. His works occasionally appeared at
the Academy between 1788 and 1804. His death
is supposed to have taken place in London about
1817. Amongst his plates are :

Portrait of Belzoni. 1804.

Portrait of Mortimer, E.A. 1810.

Emblematic Devices in forty-eight plates. 1810.

A Sacrifice to Pomona and Ceres.

VANDAEL. See Dabl, van.

VANDELAR, Jean, a French illuminator of the
14th century, who worked in Paris. In 1372 he
was employed by the king, Charles V.

VAN DE LAAR, Jan Hendkik, a Dutch painter,
born at Rotterdam in 1807. He was a pupil of G.
Wappers at Amsterdam, and worked alternately at
Rotterdam, the Hague, and Antwerp. He became
a member of the Academy of Amsterdam in 1852,
and was Professor of the Rotterdam Academy. He
died at Rotterdam, May 15, 1874. There is a pic-
ture by him in the Museum of that city. His brother
Beenhard born at Eotterdam in 1804, was chiefly
known as a painter of church interiors.

VAN DE PASS, Crispin, the elder, (Van de
Passe, De Passe, De Pas, or Pass^us,) an eminent
draughtsman and engraver, was born at Armuyden
in the province of Zealand, about the year 1560.
He was instructed in engraving by Cuerenhert,
and worked successively at Cologne, Utrecht, and
Amsterdam. His talents recommended him to the
notice of Prince Maurice, who sent bun to Paris,
where he taught drawing in the academy of M.
Pluvinel, riding-master to Louis XIIL, on which
occasion either he or his son Crispin the younger
(see below) published in 1629 the celebrated set of
sixty prints, entitled ' Instruction du Eoi en I'exer-
cise de monter a, cheval, par Messire Antoine de
Pluvinel.' In these are introduced the portraits of
Louis XIII., the Due de Bellegarde, and many
other great personages of the court. Prom Paris
he came to England, at what date is not certain ;
but as none of his EngUsh prints are dated later
than 1635, it is probable that he quitted this country
about that year. He published a drawing-book in

Van de Pass


Van de Pass

1643 at Amsterdam, in Italian, French, and Dutch,
entitled ' Delia Luce del dipingere e disegnare,' in
the preface to which he mentions his intimacy with
the most celebrated masters of the time. Freminet,
Rubens, A. Bloemart, P. Moreelze, and P. Van der
Berg, were among his friends. Another work of
his in four languages was 'The Functions of the
Human Body,' illustrated with engravings. The
date of this publication makes him an octogenarian,
and after that he disappears. The plates of Crispin
van de Pass are neatly executed with the graver.
Many were designed from life, and the greater part
of his subject plates are engraved from his own
compositions. He succeeded best in figures of a
small size, for he undertook too many engagements
to devote sufficient time to the larger ones. He
usually marked his plates with a cipher com-
posed of an S. a V. and a P. joined together.
He was a man of letters, and a 'patron.' This
appears from the fact that Holland's ' Heroologia
Anglica ' is expressly stated to be published, ' Im-
pensis Crispini Passe.' This work, published in
1620, contained thirty -five portraits of English
statesmen, and thirty of divines and martyrs of the
Protestant faith. These were probably engraved
under commission from Van de Pass. The follow-
ing is a list of his better prints :

Queen Elizabeth, with the Crown, Sceptre, and Globe ;

after Isaac Oliver.
A Head of the same Queen.
James I. with the Sceptre in his hand.
James I. with a Hat and Ku£f.
Anne of Denmark, his consort.
Henry, Prince of Wales.
Charles, his brother, afterwards Charles I.
Frederick, Count Palatine of the Bhine.
Princess Elizabeth, his wife.
Sir Philip Sidney.
The Earl of Essex, on horseback.
Thomas Percy, the conspirator.
Henry IV., King of France.
Marie de' Mediois, his Queen.
Philip II., King of Spain.
Christian IV. of Denmark.
Heinrioh Friedrich, Prince of Nassau.
Albert, Archduke of Austria, and Maurice, Prince of

Nassau, on horseback.
Louisa Juliana, Countess of Nassau.
William Perkins ; for the ' Heroologia.'
Admiral Andrea Doria.
Adolphus, Baron Schwartzenberg.
Alexander Famese II.
' Speculum illustrium feminarum.' A set of fourteen

Portraits of Women, with a frontispiece.
Adam and Eve ; after a design In/ himself.
Susannah and the Elders ; ditto.
Three small circular plates, Faith, Hope, and Charity ;

Cleopatra ; ditto.

Hercules strangling Antaeus ; ditto.
The Inside of a Tavern, with Men and Women quarrel-
ling ; C. van Pass inv. 1589.
The Seven Liberal Arts ; ditto.
The Nine Muses ; ditto.

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 159 of 201)