Michael Bryan.

Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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Thirteen Scenes from the Life of Christ ; ditto.
Nineteen from Christ's Passion ; ditto.
A set of two hundred emblems for George Wither.
The History of Tobit, in six plates ; after M. de Vos.
The Twelve Months, in twelve circular plates ; after the

The Four Evangelists, in four plates; after Gortzius

The Angels appearing to the Shepherds ; after A. Bloe-

The Crucifixion ; afur Jod. de Winghe.
The Judgment of Paris ; after C. Van den Broeck.
The Siege of Troy ; after the same.
A set of four Landscapes, with figures ; after J. Brueghel.

VAN DE PASS, CRISPI^f, the younger, the eldest
son of the elder artist of the name, was born at
Utrecht in 1585, and was instructed by his father.
There is some confusion between the j'ounger and
the elder Crispin, and it is now suspected that the
sixty plates in Pluvinel's 'Horsemanship,' cited
under the elder artist, were really executed by the
son. Crispin the younger flourished up till at least
1645, and Zani says as late as 1659 : he quotes an
inscription, Avec privilege du Roy 1659. G- de
Pas. inven. et fecit — Crisp. Passeus Junior Sculp-
cit. We have also the following engravings by
the younger Crispin :

Frederick, Elector Palatine ; inscribed, Crispin Passeus,

jun.^g. et sculps.
Johannes Angelius Werdenhagen ; C. de Passe Jilius, fee.

Pope Paul V. ; Crispinus Passaeus senior inv. et exc,

junior scnlp. aetatis 17.
Three out of a set of four scenes from the Parable of

the Rich Man and Lazarus ; the fourth was engraved

by Crispin, senior.

VAN DE PASS, Magdalbna, who was born at
Utrecht about 1583, was the daughter of the elder
Crispin van de Pass, and learned the art of engrav-
ing from her father. She worked for a time in
England, and also in Germany and Denmark. The
date of her death is not known. She executed some
small plates in imitation of the style of Count Goudt,
and also engraved a few portraits. She sometimes

used the cipher j^ . Among others, we have the

following prints by her.

Her own Portrait (bust).

Catherine, Duchess of Buckingham, with u. feather in

her hand.
The Wise and the Foolish Virgins ; after Elsheimer.
The Four Seasons ; after Crispin Van de Pass, senior.
Cephalus and Procris.
Salmacis and Hermaphroditus. 1623.
Latona changing the Lycian Peasants into Frogs.
Alpheus and Arethusa. 1623.
A pair of Landscapes ; after Poelandt Savery.
A pair, one a Storm with a Shipwreck, and the other a

Landscape with a Windmill ; after A. Willeres.

VAN DE PASS, Simon, the elder, born at
Utrecht in 1591, was the youngest son and pupil
of Crispin Van de Pass the elder. He resided about
ten years in England, where he engraved several
fine portraits, the earliest of which is dated 1613.
On leaving this country he entered the service of
the King of Denmark. He died at Copenhagen
in or soon after 1644. He was employed by
Nicholas Hilliard to engrave counters of the Eng-
lish Royal Family. Of his numerous prints, his
portraits are the best, although he engraved several
sacred subjects, frontispieces, and other plates for
books. He sometimes marked his plates with the


The following are his most esteemed

prints :
Queen Elizabeth ; whole length.
James I. crowned, sitting in a chair.
The same, with a hat.
Charles I. when Prince Charles.
Anne, Queen of James I., on horseback, with a View of

Windsor. 1617.
Prince Henry with a Lance.
Philip III., King of Spain.
Maria of Austria, his daughter, the intended bride of

Charles I.
Another portrait of the same lady.
General Edward Cecil, son of the Earl of Exeter.
George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham. Two portraits,

one dated 1617, the other 1620.


Van de Pass


Van de Velde

Launcelot Andrews, Bishop of Ely. 1618.

"William Burton, Physician. 1620.

Robert Carr, Earl of Somerset.

Frances Howard, Countess of Somerset.

Francis Manners, Earl of Rutland.

James Hay, Lord Saley, afterwards Earl of Carlisle.

Thomas, Earl of Arundel ; after Mierevelt.

Sir "Walter Ealeigh.

John King, Bishop of London.

Sir Thomas Smith, Ambassador to Russia.

"William, Earl of Pembroke ; after Van Somer.

Richard, Earl of Dorset.

Archbishop Abbot, with a View of Lambeth.

Robert Sidney, "Viscount Lisle.

Charles, Earl of Nottingham.

Mary Sidney, Countess of Pembroke.

Henry "Wriothesly, Earl of Southampton.

Edward Somerset, Earl of Worcester.

Count Gondomar, Spanish Ambassador to the English

Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange, inscribed Libervmi

Large Head of Christian IV. of Denmark.

Sir Thomas Overbury.

Captain John Smith.

Four whole length Portraits of Dukes of Burgundy —

John the Intrepid. Philip the Bold, Philip the Good,

and Charles the Rash ; etchings.
The Holy Family.
Christ with the Disciples at Emmaus.

VAN DE PASS, Simon, the younger, was a son
of Crispin van de Pass the younger. He resided
at Copenhagen, probably "with his uncle Simon.
All that is known about him is that he engraved a
portrait of Frederick III. of Denmark ; an ' Ecoe
Home ' (1639), and a ' "Woman with three Children '

VAN DE PASS, WiLLEM, was the second son
of Crispin van de Pass the elder. He was born
at Utrecht about the year 1590, and was also in-
structed by his father. It is probable that he
came with the latter to England, and there re-
sided the greater part of his life. The date of
his death is not known, but if he engraved Crom-
well's portrait, as Nagler states, it is probable that
he lived till about 1660. His most esteemed works
are bis portraits,many of which are very scarce. He
also engraved some devotional and other subjects.
He sometimes marked his plates with the cipher

■vB" . The following are his principal works :

James I. and his Family, inscribed Triumphus Jacohi

Regis Augustaque ipsius prolis.
James I. with Henry, Prince of "Wales. After the death

of that prince the face was erased, and that of Charles

his brother substituted in its place.
Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester ; oval, with the cipher.
George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham, on horseback,

■with shipping in the background.
Robert Devereux, Earl of Essex, on horseback.
Frances, Duchess of Richmond and Lenox ; a very care-
ful plate, inscribed Anno 1625. insculptum Guliel.

JPasseo Londinum.
Christian IV. of Denmark and Frederick of Holstein,

in a group.
George Chapman, the poet.
Sir John Haywood, W. Pass f.
Sir Henry Rich ; very fine.
Darcy "Wentworth. 1624.
The King and Queen of Bohemia, with four of their

children, inscribed Will Pass fecit, ad vivuvi Jiyura-

tor. 1621.
The Palatine Family, in which the youngest child is

playing with a rabbit ; without the engraver's name.
VAN DE PERE, Anton, a Fleming, flourished
at Madrid about the middle of the 17th century.
He painted pictures of two bishops for the Car-
thusians of Paular, and for the Carmelites and
Hieronymites of the capital a number of sacred

subjects, one of which bore his signature and the
date 1659.

VAN DE VELDE, Adeiaen, paintgr, the son of
"Willem Van de Velde the elder, was born at
Amsterdam in 1635 or 1636. He was at first
instructed by his father, showing a precocious
talent for painting, but as his bent seemed rather
towards landscape and figures than marine subjects,
he was sent to Haarlem, where he entered the
atelier of J. Wynants, and afterwards studied the
figure under Philips Wouwerman. He painted
genre and battle-pieces with success, but especially
excelled in landscapes with animals, and was much
employed by contemporary painters to insert figures
in their pictures. Among those whom he thus
assisted were Hobbema, Van der Heyden, Hakkert,
Wynants, Verboom, and Mouoheron. His works
are numerous, taking into account their high finish
and the shortness of the painter's life. They
amount to about 187, but many have darkened
through his use of inferior pigments. He died at
Amsterdam, January, 21st, 1672. The following
pictures by him may be named :


Rijks 1




Dulwich. „

Edinburgh. JTat. Gal.



Jfat. Gal.

The Ferry.

The Hut.


The Artist and his Family in the

The Hunt.

Landscape with Cattle.
Landscape with Figures and

"Woody Landscape with Figures

and Cattle (signed and dated

Pasturing Cows [signed and

dated 1658).
River Landscape.
Coast of Scheveningen.
Two Landscapes.

And four otho'S.
Cows and Sheep in a "Wood.
Landscape with Figures, Cattle,

and Herdsmen.

Dutch Beach.
The Farm Cottage.
The Ford.
Frost Scene.
Forest Scene.
Landscape and Cattle.
A Bay Horse with a Cow, a

Goat, and Sheep.
Landscape with a Hunting

A "Woody Landscape with

Landscape with Cattle under

The Coast at Scheveningen.
Herdsmen with Cattle.
An Idyllic Landscape with


And three others.
The Prince of Orange and his

suite driving at Scheveningen.
The Shepherd's Family.
Frozen Canal with people

Three Landscapes with Cattle.
The Herd.
Two Landscapes with Cattle.

Adriaen Van de Velde was an etcher. Bartsch
enumerates twenty-one plates by him, chiefly land-
scapes with cattle. Five are dated 1653, when
Adriaen was only fourteen years old, ten are dated
1657, 1659, and six 1670. To these Immerzeel

Buckingham Pal.





Petersburg. Hermitage.

Van de Velde


Van de Velde

adds three landscapes with figures, and one plate
of a cow lying in a field.

VAN DE VELDE, Esaias, a Dutch painter of
' conversations,' cavalry skirmishes, and especially
winter landscapes with skaters, was born at
Amsterdam, in what precise year is unknown, but
probably not much before 1590. In what degree
he was related to William Van de Velde the elder
is another debatable point. Kramm suggests
that they were father and son. Nothing, however,
has come to light in confirmation of this hypothesis.
The known facts of his life are very scanty. We
find him established at Haarlem in 1610, and in the
following year he there married Catelijne Maertens,
a native of Ghent. In 1612 he was admitted into
the Guild of St. Luke at Haarlem, and in 1618 he
was employed by the Prince of Orange at the
Hague, where in 1628 his name was inscribed in
the registers of the Painters' Guild. Two years
later he was working in Leyden, but his burial is
recorded to have taken place at the Hague,
November 18th, 1630. Like Adriaen, he was often
employed by landscape painters to insert figures in
their pictures. With Avercamp, Dirk Hals, and
Adriaen van der Venne, Esaias Van de Velde may
be looked upon as the founder of Dutch genre
painting. He was also an etcher. Works :

Amsterdam. Rijks \ Belling the Cat. (A Satire on

Museum, i the relii/ious differences of
„ „ Spanish Troops evacuating Bois-

le-Duc. 1629.
„ „ Winter Pastimes.

„ „ Dutch Landscape.

A Dutch Fortress hy a Canal.

Cavah^ Skirmish.

Two Skirmishes.

Skirmish with Bandits. 1624.

A Company at Dinner. 1614.

Landscape with Animals.

Winter Landscape.

Skating Fartj in a Moat.


A Skirmish of Cavalry.

VAN DE VELDE, Jan. Much uncertainty pre-
vails as to the identity of various painters of this
name. One Jan van de Velde was painting still-
life at Haarlem about the middle of the 17th century.
There is an example of his work in the Brussels
Museum, signed with his name in full and the date

1655. Another, of very fine quality, is in the
National Gallery. It is also fully signed, and dated

1656. Another (?) Jan van db Velde, a painter
of landscapes and cattle, and an engraver, was
Vinder of the Guild of St. Luke at Haarlem in 1635.
It has been suggested that he was the brother of
Esaias, to one of whose children he stood sponsor
in 1619. He engraved chiefly after M. Molyn and
Adam Elzheimer. Nagler mentions a Jan van
DE Velde the younger, as a painter and draughts-

VAN DE VELDE, Nicolas, an obscure Flemish
painter, who worked at Ypres in the 17th century.
The ,^glise St. Bertin at Poperinghe has a 'Last
Supper ' by him, and •Descamps speaks of a ' St.
Martin ' in the church of that saint at Ypres, but
this picture has now disappeared.

VAN DE VELDE, Pieter (Champaigne). See
De Kbmpeneee, Pieter.

VAN DE VELDE, Willem, the elder, was born
at Leyden in 1610, and in early life was a sailor.
Before he was twenty years of age he had acquired
RB 2



















a reputation as a painter of marine subjects in
black and white, in imitation of drawings in Indian
ink. His talents recommended him to the States
of Holland, and a small vessel was put at his dis-
posal to witness the sea-fights. King Charles II.
invited him to England, where he arrived in 1676.
He received a pension from Charles, which James
II. continued until his death in 1693. He was
buried in St. James's Church, Piccadilly, with
the following inscription on his tombstone :
" Mr. William van de Velde, senior, late painter of
sea-fights to their Majesties King Charles II. and
King James II., died in 1693." Many of the
large sea-fights signed W. van de Velde are painted
by the son, from designs by the father ; the more
coarsely executed are probably entirely by the
former. Such are the twelve naval engagements,
in the palace at Hampton Court. These are dated
1676 and 1682.

VAN DE VELDE, Willem, the younger, the
son and pupil of Willem van de Velde, and the
best known of the Dutch marine painters, was
born at Amsterdam in 1633, and studied also under
Simon de Viieger. After gaining a certain reputa-
tion in Holland he went with his father to London ;
and in 1674 Charles II. granted him a salary of
£100 for painting sea-fights for which his father
made the drawings. The pension, like that of
equal amount granted to his father, was continued
by James II. Van de Velde died in London,
April 6th, 1707, and was buried by his father in St.
James's Church, Piccadilly. Three hundred and
twenty-nine pictures by him are described in
' Smith's Catalogue raisonn^.' The great majority
of them are in English private collections. His
drawings are astonishingly numerous. It is said
that between 1778 and 1780 there were about eight
thousand sold at public auction. It is also re-
corded that his execution was so rapid that he
frequently filled a quire of paper with sketches in
an evening. Many of his lai-ger pictures represent
actions between the English and Dutch fleets. On
these he often wrote over the ships their names,
and those of their commanders, and under his
own vessel in front, "V. Velde's Gallijodt," or
"Mijn Gallijodt," showing that he had been a
spectator of the battle. His sketches are executed
in black-lead ; his more finished drawings with
pencil and pen, shaded with Indian ink. Among
his works are the following :

Amsterdam. Museum. The Four Days' Battle between
the Dutch and English.
„ „ Bringing in the prizes from the

Four Days' Battle.
„ „ The Cannon Shut {very fine).

„ „ The Y, before Amsterdam.

„ „ A Calm.

„ „ A Harbour.

„ „ Near the Coast [veryjlne).

„ „ A Storm {and four others).

„ The Beach.
„ Two Pictures.

Gallery. Sea-piece. 1653.
„ Coast Scene.

„ Vessels at Sea.

„ A Calm.

„ A Brisk Gale.

Edinburgh. JVat. Gallery. A Naval Engagement.
„ Fishing-boats in a Calm.

Gallery. Sea-piece with Fishing-boats,
„ The Evening Gun.
„ Sea-piece with Men-of-war

„ The approaching Squall.





Van de Velde


Van den Bossche

Hague. Museum. A Calm.

I;ille. „ A Calm Sea.

London. Brtdgewater\A. Dutch Packet in stormy
House. / weather (very fine and import-
„ „ A View on the Texel.

„ „ A Calm.

„ „ Entrance to the Bril.

„ „ The RLsing of the Gale.

„ „ Surrender of the 'Eoyal Prince.'

„ Nat. Gallery. A Calm at Sea.

„ „ A Fresh Gale at Sea.

„ „ Shipping in a Calm. 1657.

„ „ Coast Scene — a Calm. 1661.

„ „ Shipping off the Coast.

„ „ Coast of Scheveningen ifhe

f^ures are hy Adrlaen Van
de Velde).
„ „ A Calm at Sea.

„ „ A Light Breeze.

„ „ A Gale.

„ „ Searpiece.

„ „ River Scene.

„ „ Dutch Ships of War salntmg.

„ „ A Storm at Sea. "W. Yandee

Velde Londio. 1673.
,, Hertford House. The Morning Gun (a very large
Munich. Gallery. Two Pictures.

Paris. Louvre. A Marine piece.

His son, Cornelius Van de Velde, practised in
London at the beginning of the 18th century as a
copyist, and reproduced several of his father's

VAN DEN AVEELEN, (or Avelen,) Jan, a
Dutch engraver, viras born about the middle of
the 17th century, and resided at Leyden about the
year 1696. He also lived much in Sweden. He
died at Stockholm in 1727. He was chiefly em-
ployed by the booksellers, and, among other plates,
engraved the frontispiece for the nineteenth volume
of the Thesaurus Antiq. Rom.> published by Peter
van der Aa in 1698. He also engraved views of
Dutch country houses.

VAN DEN BERG, Jakobhs Evebabdus, a Dutch
historical painter, born at Rotterdam in 1802, was
first instructed by his father, Gysbeetcs Johannes,
a miniature painter, (born 1769, died 1817,) and
later by Herreyns, at Antwerp. He travelled in
France and Italy, and was very successful in his
genre. Among his best known pictures are : 'The
Fair Maid of Perth,' Jan van Schaffelaar, Claudius
Civilus. He died at the Hague, July 20, 1861.

VAN DEN BERG, Mathias, a Flemish painter,
was born at Ypres in 1615. His father, according
to Descamps, had the management of Rubens'
estates in the neighbourhood of that place, and
the boy was brought up in the great master's
academy. He is only known by the excellent
copies he left of some of the pictures of Rubens.
Balkema says he died at Alkmaar in 1687; Brulliot,
following Descamps, that he died at Ypres in 1647 ;
and Zani places his death in 1685.

VAN DEN BERGEN, Thiebry or Dirck, (or
Berghen,) a painter of landscapes and cattle, was
born at Haarlem about 1645. He was probably
brought up under Adriaen Van de Velde, whose
manner he imitated, and whose ablest disciple
he became. He settled in London in 1673, where
he painted for some time, but he died in his native
country about 1689. He sometimes signed his
name Berghen, as in a landscape in the Louvre,
where there is also one signed D. V. Bergen, with
the date 1688. The Berlin Museum, the galleries
of Vienna and Dresden, the Amsterdam Gallery,


and other collections in Holland and Germany,
contain good specimens of his art. Not a few of
his pictures are ascribed to Berchem and Adriaen
Van de Velde.

VANDBNBERGHE, Charles Auquste, painter,
the son of Augustinus Van den Berghe, was bom
at Beauvais, April 13, 1798. He entered the i^cole
des Beaux Arts, Paris, in 1817, and was the pupil
of Girodet, Gros, and Gudrin. He exhibited at
the Salon from 1822 to 1853, winning a medal and
the Legion of Honour. His subjects were various,
but portraits predominated. The Ministry of the
Interior, Paris, has a ' Holy Family' by him. He
died in Paris, December 17, 1853.

VAN DEN BERGHE, AaausTiNus, an excellent
historical and portrait painter, was born at Bruges
in 1757, and studied under Gaeremyn and after-
wards under Suv6e in Paris. Returning to Bruges
in 1772, he obtained the first prize at the Academy
at Ghent for his picture of ' CEdipus.' In 1796
he returned to France, and settling at Beauvais,
was appointed professor at the Ecole Centrale.
He afterwards opened a private academy at Beau-
vais, where he died about 1830. Others of his
paintings are :

The Vision of St. Anthony. (In the church of Notre

Daine at Bmges.)
St. Sebastian ; after Suvee. (In the Bruges Hospital.)

VAN DEN BERGHE, PibteR, was u. native of
Amsterdam, where, as well as at Hamburg and
Paris, he worked towards the end of the 17th cen-
tury. He engraved in mezzotint after himself and
others. Of his plates we may mention :

The Elephant and the Rhinoceros. 1686.

The Portrait of the Princess Friederike Amalie of

St. Theresa ; after G. D. Lar.

VAN DEN BOGAERDE, Donatus, a Flemish
painter of the 17tli century, born in 1644. He
became a monk at the Abbaye des Dunes at Bruges,
and painted several large landscapes in the cloister
of his monastery. In the Bruges Academy there
is a wooded landscape by him.

VAN DEN BOS, Gaspar, a Dutch painter of
sea-pieces, was born at Hoorn in 1634. His storms
and calms, with shipping, are not without merit.
He died young in 1666.

VAN DEN BOSCH, Jakob, born at Amsterdam
in 1636, painted battle-pieces, and died in 1676.

VAN DEN BOSCH, Lodewyk, a flower painter
mentioned by Van Mander, who was active early
in the 16th century.

VAN DEN BOSSCHE, Balthasab, (or Van den
Bosch,) was born at Antwerp in 1681. His only
instruction was from an obscure artist, one Gerard
Thomas, whom he soon surpassed. He is said to
have spent three years in France, working in Paris,
Douai, and Nantes. He became a master in the
Guild of St. Luke in 1696. He excelled in painting
the interiors of saloons, galleries, painters' and
sculptors' studios. His pictures were extremely
popular, and fetched large prices. He also painted
small portraits with success ; the Duke of Marl-
borough, when he was at Antwerp, had his picture
painted by him. He represented the duke on
horseback ; and in order that the work might be
more complete, engaged Peter van Bloemen to
paint the horse. The Wallraf Museum at Cologne
has two ' Studios ' by him, and an excellent portrait-
group of about forty persons is in the Antwerp
Museum. He died in 1715.

Van den Bossche


Van den Eeckhout

VAN DEN BOSSCHE, Domenicus, painter, was
born at Graniinont in 1808. He painted portraits
and history, and became a professor at the Ghent
Academy. He died at Ghent in 1860.

VAN DEN BRANDEN, Jan, painter, was born
at the Hague towards the middle of the 17th cen-
tury. He visited England in 1690, and died there
a few years later. He painted portraits and

VAN DEN BROECK, Barbaea, the daughter of
Crispin van den Broeck, was bom at Antwerp in
1560, and was taught drawing by her father.
From the style of her engraving it is thought she
was instructed in that art in the school of CoUaert,
who engraved some plates from her father's designs.
She worked entirely with the burin, and in some
of her plates, particularly in that of the ' Last
Judgment,' she imitated with success the style of
Martin Rota. We have the following engravings
by her:

The Holy Family, with Angels ; marked with the
cipher of her Father, and signed B.jilia sc.

Samson and Delilah ; Gfispin. inv. ; B. fecit.

The Last Judgment ; Barbara j^lia Orispini sc. ; S,
Hand. exc.

Mandonia prostrating herself before Scipio; Barbara

Venus and Adonis; B.fU.fec.

VAN DEN BROECK, Crispin, (or Ceispiaen,) a
Flemish painter, engraver, and architect, was born
at Mechlin about the year 1530. He was a disciple
of Frans Floris, and painted history with some
skill. In 1555 he was received into the Antwerp
Guild of St. Luke, and became a citizen in 1559.
An "Adoration of the Magi' by him is in the
Vienna Gallery. To him also is now given the
'Last Judgment,' signed Crispian /., and dated in
1571, in the Museum at Antwerp. He also dis-
tinguished himself as an architect. He died in
1601. Van den Broeck engraved both on wood
and on copper, and marked his plates with a
cipher composed of the letters G V and B, thus


The following may be named :


The Creation; a series of seven plates, with Iiatin

Another set of nine Scriptural scenes, beginning with
an 'Adam and Eve,' and ending with a 'Tower of

Nineteen scenes from the Life of the Virgin.

The Crucifixion ; with a border in which the Instru-
ments of the Passion are introduced.


The Annunciation {circular).

The Visitation ((?o.).

The Adoration qf the Shepherds {do,).

The Adoration of the Magi {do,}.

The Circumcision (do.).

VAN DEN BROECK, Elias, a Flemish painter,
was born at Antwerp about 1657. He was prob-
ably a scholar of Ab. Mignon, but De Heem and
Ernst Stuven have also been suggested as his

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