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Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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masters. He painted flowers and fruit with toler-
able success. The Vienna Gallery has three works
by him, and there are four in the Sohwerin Gallery.
He died at Amsterdam in 1708.

VAN DEN BROECK, Vbit. See Uijtenbrouck.

VAN DEN DUCK, Daniel, (or Van den Dyck,)
was born, according to BruUiot, in France, but

Boschini and others say he was a native of
Flanders. He was an historical painter, and also an
etcher. He went to Venice, and in 1658 became
inspector of the gallery of the Duke of Mantua. It
is said that he was a successful painter of historical
compositions and portraits, in which he was assisted
by his wife Ldcbbtia, a daughter of Nicolas Renier
Mabuse, whom he married at Venice. Van den
Dijck is said to have died in 1729. Robert-Dumes-
nil has described five etchings by him, all of which
have his name. Three of them, marked below with
a star, have sometimes been attributed to Anthony
Van Dyck.

* Susannah and the Elders ; Dani'. Vanden Dyck in. et


* The Virgin and Child ; SV. Dyck in etfecf
St. Catharine ; D. V. Dyck I.

The Deification of iEneas.

* A Bacchanalian sceue ; Silequs drunk at table, sup-
ported by a, Bacchante; Dani'. Van den Dyck

VAN DEN EECKHOUT, Antonie, a Flemish
painter of flowers and fruit, was born at Bruges
about 1651. He accompanied his relation, L. de
Deyster, to Italy, and remained there several years.
He afterwards went to Lisbon, where he met
with encouragement, and married a lady of for-
tune. After this he only painted, perhaps, for his
amusement. He is said to have been assassinated
in 1695, when driving in his coach.

VAN DEN EECKHOUT, Geebeand, (or Van
den Eckhodt,) was born at Amsterdam in 1621,
and was in the school of Rembrandt from about
1635 to 1640. He was a favourite pupil, and lived
in close intimacy with Rembrandt even after he
had left his house. He excelled in small Biblical
subjects, painted in close imitation of his master.
Good examples are the ' Tobit,' in the Brunswick
Gallery, and a ' Raising of Jairus's Daughter,' in
the Berlin Museum, if indeed the latter be his.
Herr Bode prefers to give it to Bernard Fabritius.
Late in life Eeckhout took to painting large pictures,
which are greatly inferior to his small works. He
died at Amsterdam in 1674. Other works :

Amsterdam. H. Mm.
Brunswick. Gallery.

The TVoman taken in Adultery.
Huntsman Besting.
Sophonisba taking the Poison.
Portrait of an old Man.

And five others.
The Circumcision.
Simeon in the Temple.
Portrait of Dapper, the Dutch

Historian. 1669.
Soldiers gambling.
(?) Christ blessing the Children.

(Formerly in the Suermondt

Collection, and looked upon as

a masterpiece by liembrandt

Merry Life in the Guard-house

(in Terborch's style).
Christ among the Doctors.
Hannah delivering Samuel to the

High Priest.
The Witch of Endor raising

„ „ Six Persons over a Game of

Schleissheim. „ Abigail before David.

There are a few etchings by Gerbrand Van den
Eeckhout, among them :

A Bust of a young Man, in an Oriental Dress ; marked

G. V. D. 1646.
The Portrait of Cornelius van Tromp.


Cassel. „

Dresden. „

Frankfort. Stddellnst.

London. Stafford So.
„ S/'at. Gallery.

Luton House.

Munich. Pinakothek.
Paris. Ifluwe.

Pommersfeld. Gallery. The

Van dea Hecke


Van den Wijngaerde

VAN DEN HECKE, Johan, born at Quare-
monde, near Gudenarde, about 1625, was a painter
of landscapes, sea-pieces, still-life, and portraits.
He lived for many years in Rome, where he
practised with success. He returned eventually
to his own country, settled at Antwerp, and died
there about 1669. In the Madrid Gallery there
are three marine pictures by him.

VAN DEN HECKEN, Abeaham, a painter of
the Dutch school, bom at Antwerp. In 1635 he
was at Amsterdam, and there m'arried the sister
of the painter Gerard Lundens. From 1636 to
1656 he worked alternately at the Hague and at
Amsterdam. He painted interiors, peasant as-
semblies, and portraits. The Amsterdam Museum
has a signed example of his work.

VAN DEN HEUVELE, Antonie, (called Don
Antonio,) u scholar of Gaspar de Crayer, was
born at Ghent in 1600. He was for some years
in Italy. On his return to Ghent he painted many
historical pictures and portraits, which are in the
churches and private collections of Ghent, and
other Belgian cities.

VAN DEN HOECKE, Jan, (or Van Hoeck,)
painter, born at Antwerp in 1611, was the son of
Kaspak van den Hoeck, an obscure painter. Jan
was probably a pupil of Rubens, though there is
no direct evidence on this point. He was, at any
rate, one of the most successful imitators of the
master. His chief merit lies in the warm harmony
of his colour. He visited Italy and Germany, and
in both countries was well received, and patronized
by the most influential persons of the day. The
Archduke Leopold made him his painter inordinary.
In 1647 he returned to the Netherlands, in the
suite of the archduke, and died at Antwerp in 1651.
In the Vienna Gallery there are two portraits of
the Archduke Leopold William by him, and one
of Philip IV. of Spain ; in the Rotterdam Museum a
'Roman Charity,' and other pictures at Antwerp,
Bruges, Louvain, and Stockholm.

VAN DEN HOVE, Fbedeeik Hendrie, a Dutch
engraver, was bora at Haarlem about 1630. The
circumstances of his life are little known, but he
resided chiefly in London, where he was employed
by the booksellers. His prints are dated from
1648 to 1692, and consist chiefly of portraits.
He also engraved some plates for the ' Historia
Plantarum' of Robert Morison, and several of the
plates for Quarles' ' Emblems.' He died after
1715. We have, among others, the following
portraits by him :

James II.

AYilliam III. on Horseback. 1692. | Mary II.

"William and Mary Enthroned.

Thomas Sutton, founder of the Ohaiter-house.

Thomas Butler, Earl of Ossory.

Sir Edmundbury Godfrey ; prefixed to his Life.

Sir Matthew Hale ; prefixed to his * Origin of Mankind.'

Samuel Speed, Poet. | Sir Thomas Browne, M.D.

Hansard Knollis, V.D.M. | John Hopkins, Poet.

Sir Henry Morgan, Governor of Jamaica.

Joseph Moxon, Mathematician.

John Taylor, Mathematician.

AViUiam "Winstanley, Biographer.

VAN DEN KERCKHOVE, Joseph, was born at
Bruges in 1670, and studied at Antwerp under Jan
Erasmus Quellin. Under that master his progress
was rapid, and on leaving school he set out intend-
ing to travel through France to Italy, but meeting
with encouragement in Paris, he lived there some
years, and abandoned his project of visiting Italy.
On his return to Bruges he united with Duvenede


in founding an academy, of which he became first
director. He was also employed in a series of
fifteen pictures from the Life of our Saviour, for
the church of the Dominicans at Bruges. The
collegiate church of St. Saviour has four ' Works
of Mercy ' by him, and a fine Resurrection ; a ' St.
Catharine of Siena ' is in the Bruges Academy. At
Ostend he painted a ' Feast of the Gods,' on the
ceiling of the town-house. He also painted por-
traits. He died at Bruges in 1724.

VAN DEN KERKHOVB, Fhedbbik, the son of
Jan van den Kerkhove, a living Belgian painter,
showed an extraordinary bent towards art from
very early years. He was bom in 1862, painted a
number of landscapes which were exhibited in
various European capitals, and died in 1873. His
works were rude in design, but full of poetry.

VAN DEN QUEBOORN, Ckispin, (or Van
QuEBOEEN,) a Dutch engraver, was born at the
Hague about 1600. He mainly confined himself
to engraving portraits, which he did with consider-
able skill. He also executed a part of the plates
for Thibault's ' Academic de I'Ep^e,' published at
Antwerp in 1628 ; and a print after Hendrik van
Balen's 'Nativity.' The date of his death is im-
known. We have, among others, the following
portraits by him :

Queen Elizabeth. 1825.

Charles I. 1626.

William I., Prince of Orange ; after Vtsscher.

Mary, daughter of Charles I., consort of the Prince of

Friedrich "Wilhelm, Elector of Brandenburg, and his

Consort Luise of Orange ; after Sonthorst.
Count Heinrich Math, von Thurn-Valsassina ; /ram his

own design.
Friedrich V., Elector Palatine.
Elizabeth, daughter of James I., hiis confiort.
Juliana, Princess of Hesse.
Frederick Henry, Prince of Nassau. 1630.

VAN DEN RIETHOORN, Jan, (or Rithookn,)
a Dutch painter of little note, was born at Haarlem
early in the 17th century. He was a pupil of
Cornells Visscher, and painted portraits and genre.
He joined the Guild at Haarlem in 1646, and died
in the same city in 1669.

VAN DEN TEMPEL, Abraham, was born at
Leeuwarden in 1622 or 1623, and after a period of
study with his father, Lambert, became the scholar
of Joris van Schooten at Leyden. He remained
at Leyden until 1660, after which he settled at
Amsterdam. He painted small pictures of historical
subjects, allegories, conversations, and portraits.
His works are very highly finished, and he has the
credit of having been master to Frans Mieris the
elder, Karel de Moor, Ary de Vols, and Michiel van
Musscher. In portraiture he followed the style
of Van der Heist, and acquired especial repute.
He died at Amsterdam May 13, 1672. Three
allegories by him are in the Cloth Hall at Leyden,
and some excellent portraits in the Berlin and
Rotterdam Museums. The following may also be
named :

Amsterdam. R. Mus. Portrait of MachteldBas, widow
of Abraham Visscher.
„ „ Portrait of Abraham Visscher.

„ ,, Portrait of a Woman.

Leyden. Orphanage. Portraits of the Regents.

lived in the middle of the 16th century, is known as
the draughtsman of a series of thirty-two views of
Spanish cities, which were made for Plantin, the
celebrated printer of Antwerp. These, with a

Van den Wijngaerde


Van der Banck

number of topographical drawings of London and
its neighbourhood, Rome, and various cities of the
Netheriands, are now in the South Kensington
Museum. A collection of views of English cities
by him is in the Bodleian Library. Some of his
drawings bear his signature and the date 1558,
whence it has been conjectured that he was a
Fleming attached to the suite of Philip II., and
that he accompanied that prince on his travels.

VAN DEN WIJNGAERDE, Erans, a Flemish
draughtsman, etcher, and print publisher, was bom
at Antwerp about the year 1612. He died about
1660. We have by him several etchings after
Rubens and others, which possess great merit,
though the drawing is frequently incorrect. Among
them are the following :

Samson kiUing the Lion ; after Euiens.

Christ appearing to Mary Magdalene ; after the same.

The Nuptials of Peleus and Thetis ; after the same.

A Bacchanal, in which Bacchus is represented with a

Cup, into which a Bacchante is pressing the juice of

the Grape ; after the same.
Brawling Soldiers ; after the same.
A dead Christ, supported by the Marys ; after Van Dyck.
Achilles discovered amidst the Daughters of Lycomedes ;

after the same.
Two Women with a Light ; after Callat.
The Keturn from Egypt ; after J. Thomas.
Flemish Peasants regaling at the Door of an Alehouse ;

after Tenders.
The Temptation of St. Anthony ; after the same.
Portrait of Lucas Vosterman ; after Lyvius.
St. Jerome ; after Vanni.

VAN DER AA, Hildebrand, a Dutch engraver,
wlio flourished from about 1692 to 1728, was
brother to Pieter Van der Aa, the celebrated pub-
lisher of Leyden, by whom he was employed to
engrave frontispieces, portraits, and other plates
for books. They are executed with the graver in
a heavy style, and the drawing is incorrect. In
the collection entitled ' Principum et illustrium
Virorum Imagines,' there is a portrait by Van
der Aa, inscribed Otho, Archiep. et Vice-Comes
Mediolan. H. v. Aa del. et sculpsit. He engraved
the title for the 'Index Batavicus,' by Adriaan
Pars, printed at Leyden in 1701.

VAN DER AA, Thierry, (or Dibrice,) a Dutch
painter, bom at the Hague in 1731, was a disciple
of Johann Heinrich Keller ; and after quitting this
master he worked in concert with Gerrit Mets, as a
painter of coach panels. His skill was shown
chiefly in flowers, fruit, and birds. He practised
for a time in Paris, and died in 1809.

VAN DER ASSELT, Jan, from 1364 to 1380
held the post of painter to Luis de Male, Count
of Flanders, for whom he executed a series of
portraits of the Princes of the House of Flanders,
on the walls of a chapel in Notre Dame, at
Courtrai. Of these portraits the faces have dis-
appeared, and those parts which remain do not
testify much to the author's ability as an artist.
He was employed a few years later by Philip the

VAN DER AST, Balthasar, (or BARTHOLOMios,)
flourished at Utrecht in the early part of the 17th
century, and was received into the guild of St.
Luke in 1619 as Baltus Van der Asch. He painted
small pictures of flowers and fruit, in the manner
of Brueghel, introducing insects, shells, drops of
water, and other such accessories. Unfortunately
his pictures are defective in arrangement and har-
mony, though each object by itself is well done.
In 1629 he presented to the Hospital of St. Job,
at Utrecht, a picture of fruit. Works :

Berlin. . Museum. Three pictures of still-life.

Dresden, Gallery. Shells, apricots, and a branch

of currants,

VAN DER BANCK, Johan, portrait painter, and
son of Pieter Van der Banofc, was born in England
about 1694. He lived a considerable time in
London, where he painted numerous portraits,
some of distinguished persons. He showed much
facility, but often painted with insufiScient care.
He painted the ' Sir Isaac Newton,' in the rooms
of the Royal Society, and has left at Hampton
Court a group of figures. He had some power of
comedy, and, in 1735, designed the illustrations to
Lord Carteret's translation of ' Don Quixote.' He
was the leader of the party which seceded from
Sir James Thornhill's Academy, and himself estab-
lished a rival school, which, however, was not long
lived. He died in London in 1739.

VAN DER BANCK, Pieter, an engraver, of
Dutch extraction, was born in Paris in 1649. He
was a scholar of Franyois de Poilly, under whom
he became an excellent artist. About the year
1674 he came to England with Henri Gascar, the
painter, and engraved the portraits of many eminent
persons of his time. His chief merit lies in the
neatness and finish of his execution. He engraved
a set of heads for Kennet's History of England,
from the designs of Lutterel. The time required
for the execution of his plates, which were unusually
large for their class, was out of all proportion to
the prices he received. He was reduced to poverty,
and became dependent on his brother-in-law, one
Forester, in whose house at Bradfield, Hertford-
shire, he died in 1697. His widow sold his plates
to Brown, the printseller, who made considerable
sums by them. The following are his more
interesting prints :

Archbishop Tillotson; after Mrs. Beale; the face was

taken out and re-engraved by S. White.
Thomas Lamplugh, Archbishop of York.
Archbishop Tenison ; after the same. 1695.
John Smith, writing-master ; after Faithorne.
Charles II. ; after Gasear. 1675 and 1677. Two plates.
James II., large plate ; after Kneller.
Mary, his Queen ; after the same.
"William III. ; after the same.
Queen Mary II. ; after the same.
"William, Lord Eussell ; after tlie same.
Sir "William Temple ; after Lely. 1679.
Lady Litchfield ; after Verelat.
The same ; after Wissing.
William III. ; after the same.
Queen Mary II. ; after the same.
The Princess Anne. | Prince George of Denmark.
Thomas, Earl of Ossory.
Alexander, Earl of Moray. 1686.
George, Viscount Tarbat. 1692.
James, Duke of Monmouth.
Eichard, Lord Maitland. 1683.
Sir George Mackenzie. | Archibald, Earl of Argyle.
Frederick, Duke of Schomberg.
Kobert, Earl of Yarmouth.

John, Earl of Strathnaver, or Earl of Sutherland.
William, Duke of Queensberry.
George, Lord Dartmouth. | Sir Thomas Allen.
James, Earl of Perth. 1683.
George Walker, who defended Londonderry
Thomas -Dalziel. | John Locke.
Edmund Waller. Mt. 23 and ^t. 70. Two plates.
John Cotton Bruce.
The "Vu:rin and Child, with St. Elizabeth and St. John ;

after S. Bourdon.
Christ praying on the Mountain ; after the same.
The Naval Triumph of Charles II. from a ceiling at

Windsor Castle, by Verrio, in two sheets.
Mercury in the Air, bearing the portrait of Charles II.,

from the ceiling at Windsor Castle ; after the same.


Van der Baren


Van der Bruggeu

VAN DER BAREN, Jan Anton, a painter of
flowers, landscapes, &c., who flourished in the
middle of the 17th century. He seems to have
founded his style upon that of Zeghers. He was
employed at Brussels by the Archduke Leopold
William, whom he accompanied to Vienna in 1656.
He succeeded Teniers in the curatorship of that
prince's collections. In the Vienna Gallery there
are two pictures by him: both female portraits
surrounded by flowers.

VAN DER BAREN, Jossb, painter, flourished
at Louvain in 1604. He is supposed to have been
a pupil of Michael Coxie. In the church of St.
Pierre, Louvain, there is a triptych by him, a
'Decapitation of St. Dorothea'; and in St. Ger-
trude' s two panels from broken-up altar-pieces. He
also made the drawings for the views of Louvain
and H^verl^, engraved in the ' Lovanium ' (1604).

VAN DER BENT, Johannes, a Dutch painter, was
born at Amsterdam in 1650. He was first instructed
by Philips Wouwerman, on whose death he be-
came a scholar of Adriaen van de Velde. His style
of painting, however, bears a closer resemblance
to that of Nicolaas Berchem than to that of either
of his masters ; and his works are often mistaken
for Berchem's. Besides landscapes, one of which
is in the Rotterdam Museum, he painted battles
and animal pieces. His pictures are frequently

met with in English collections.


He died in 1690.

VAN DER BERG, Nicolaas, a Flemish en-
graver, is supposed to have been a native of Ant-
werp. He etched some plates after Rubens, which
he marked N. V. D. Berg ; among them are :

Portrait of Justus Lipsius.

Portrait of a devout person, with a crucifix ; half length.

VAN DER BERGB, P., an obscure Dutch en-
graver, produced a set of plates for a folio volume
of prints, entitled ' Theatrum Hispanise,' or views
of the towns, palaces, &c. of Spain, published at
Amsterdam. He also engraved some portraits,
including one of a Jewish Rabbi, with a Hebrew
inscription, to which is appended P. V. D. Berge
ad vivum del. et fee. ; also the ' Triumph of
Galatea,' after A. Coypel.

VAN DER BILT, Jacques, (or, as he usually
called himself, Biltius,) a native of the Netherlands,
was living at the Hague in 1651 ; he went to
Amsterdam in 1661, and to Antwerp in 1671, where
he was made a member of the Guild in the follow-
ing year. He was still living in 1678. A 'Cock-
fight ' by him is in the Antwerp Museum, and a
' Dead Game ' in the Copenhagen Gallery. He ex-
celled in painting game, fowling-pieces, pouches,
nets, and other impedimenta of the sportsman.
These objects he was fond of representing on a
white ground, as if they were attached to the wall ;
they are often painted with such fidelity as almost
to produce illusion.

VAN DER BORCHT, Hendrik, the elder, painter
and engraver was born at Brussels in 1583. The
troubles in the Low Countries obliged his family
to move into Germany when he was very young,
and they settled at Frankfort, where he was placed
under one of the Valkenborchs. The Earl of
Arundel, passing through Frankfort, had dealings
with Van der Borcht, and became the patron of
his son. Van der Borcht the elder painted flowers
and fruit. Towards the latter part of his life he

616 -

resided at Antwerp, where he died in 1660. We
have the following etchings by this artist :

The Virgin and Infant Jesus ; after Parmigiano. 1637.
The dead Christ, supported by Joseph of Arimathea,

from a drawing by Parmigiano after Eaphad. 1645,
Abraham at Table with the Angels ; after L. Garracci.
The Infant Jesus embracing St. John, from Guido's

print ; after AgoU. Garracci.
Apollo and Cupid ; after Peritic del Vaga ; oval.
Twenty-two plates of the Entry of Frederick, Elector

Palatine, with Elizabeth, Princess Boyal of England,

his Consort, into Frankenthal ; dated 1613.

VAN DER BORCHT, Hbndeik, the younger,
was born at Frankfort about 1610. He was edu-
cated as a painter, but was employed as draughts-
man and engraver by the Earl of Arundel, by whom
he was sent to Italy. After Lord Arundel's death,
he entered the service of Charles II., then Prince
of Wales, but afterwards retired to Antwerp, where
he died at a very advanced age. Hollar engraved
the portraits of both the elder and the younger
Hendrik Van der Borcht, the former from a painting
by the latter.

VAN DEB BORCHT, Pibtee, the elder, ii
Flemish landscape painter and engraver, was born
at Brussels about the year 1640. His work as a
painter was of no great merit, but he applied
himself with industry at least to engraving, and
has left a great number of somewhat rough plates.
Among them are :

A set of Landscapes, with subjects from the Old and

New Testament.
Rural Enjoyments ; Cornelis van Tienen exc.
The Feast of the Company of Archers ; same inscj'iption
A Country Wedding; fecit Petrus van der Borcht.

A Landscape, with Hagar and Ishmael ; dated 1586.
A set of 178 Plates for the ' Metamorphoses ' of Ovid,

published at Antwerp ; Theodore Galle exc,

VAN DER BORCHT, Pieter, the younger,
received the freedom of Antwerp in 1597. Together
with one Paul van deb Borcht, he is supposed to
have been of the same family as Pieter the elder.
Pieter the younger and Paul worked chiefly at

VAN DER BRDGGEN, Jan, a Flemish engraver,
was born at Brussels in 1649. After engraving
some plates in Holland and Vienna, he settled in
Paris, and followed the business of a printseller.
He scraped several plates in mezzotint ; they are
chiefly portraits and drolleries, after Teniers, Brou-
wer, and Ostade. He marked his plates with his

name, or with the cipher VS. The following are

the best :

Portrait of himself ; after Laryilliere.

Soldiers in a Tavern, drinking and playing Cards ; after

The Children of Teniers playing with Soap-bubbles;

affcT the same.
The Peasant War ; after the same.
An old Peasant, and a Girl playing on the Flute ; after

the same.
A Man drinking and aWoman smoking ; afterthe same.
Portrait of A. van Dyck ; se ipse pinx.
Portrait of Louis XIV. 1681.
Portrait of Johann August TJijtenbogaart ; after Bern-

The Gold Weigher ; after the same.
An old Woman weighmg Gold; J. V. Srug.f.
Man holding a Goblet.
Man leaning on a Table, and a Woman.
Man sitting on the Trunk of a Tree, lighting his Pipe.
Cupid and Psyche.
A SkuU ; Memento mori.

Van der £rugh.en


Van der Does

VAN DER BRUGHEN, Hans or Louis, a French
painter of miniatures, was bom in Paris in 1615 ;
died in the same city, April 6th, 1658. He was a
member of the Academy of Painting in 1648, but
details of his life are wanting.

VAN DER BURCH, Ablbeet, was a portrait
painter, born at Delft in 1672. He was a scholar
of Verkolje, and of Adriaan van der Werflf.

VANDERBURGH, Jacques Andrj!; Edouard,
painter, son of one Dominique Vanderburch of
Cambray, was born at Montpellier, H^rault, Decem-
ber 1st, 1756. He studied in. Paris and Italj'. In
1791 he began to exhibit landscapes at the Salon.
In 1801 he won the Prix d'Encouragement with a
landscape with animals and shepherds. Some
religious pictures by him are in the Church of St.
Maurice, at Lille ; and there are other examples of
his art in the Musees of that town, of Lisieux, and
of Montpellier. Vanderburch died at the Sorbonne,
Paris, in August, 1803.

VANDERBURCH, Jacques Hippolytb, land-
scape painter and draughtsman, was born in Paris
in 1796. He was a pupil of his father, J. Andr^
Vanderburch, and also studied under David, Gudrin,
and Mulard. His works first appeared at the Salon
in 1824. He became draughtsman to the Museum
of Natural History in Paris, and also practised in
lithography. Much of his attention was devoted
to the theory of art, and he wrote ' M^thode
Nouvelle de Peinture k I'Aquarelle ' (1836), and
' Essais sur le Paj'sage a I'Huile ' (1839). He died
in Paris, October 20, 1864. There is a ' View on the
Lake of Geneva' by him in the Marseilles Museum.

VAN DER BURG, Adriaan, (or Vanderburg,)
was born at Dordrecht in or about 1693, and was a

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