Michael Bryan.

Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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scholar of Arnold Houbraken, whom he accom-
panied to Amsterdam. He became a good painter
of portraits and conversation pieces. He produced
some cabinet pictures in the style of his master,
and also attempted to imitate Mieris and Metsu,
He died in 1733, His best picture is a portrait
group of seventeen directors of the Dordrecht Mint,

VAN DER BURG, Thierry, (or Dirck,) was born
at Utrecht in 1723, He painted landscapes with
cattle, views of villages, and country mansions.
He died in 1773.

VAN DER BURGH, Hendrik, a Dutch painter,
born at the Hague in 1769. He died there Sep-
tember 15th, 1858. In the Amsterdam Museum
there is a ' Milking Cows ' by him.

VAN DER BURGH, Hendrik Adam, an obscure
Dutch painter, born at the Hague in 1798. ' Milk-
ing Time ' by him is in the Amsterdam Museum.

VAN DER BURGH, R , an obscure Dutch

painter of still-life, who was working towards the
close of the 17th century. The Amsterdam Museum
has a study of fish by him.

VAN DER BURGT, N., an obscure fruit and
flower painter, who lived about the middle of the
18th century. It is said that he copied some of
Luca Giordano's pictures.

VAN DER CABEL. See Van der Kabel.

VAN DER CAM, F., an obscure Dutch engraver,
who flourished about the year 1760. He scraped
a few plates of Scriptural subjects.
• VAN DER CAPELLE, Jan, (or Van de Kap-
pelle,) painter and etcher, was born at Amsterdam
about 1630. He received the freedom of that city
in 1663, and the dates on his pictures range from
1650 to 1680. He painted river scenes and sea-
pieces with great delicacy, also landscapes with
winter eJEects. In spite of the excellence of his

work, none of the Dutch writers notice either him
or his pictures. Amongst his best works may be
mentioned, 'Fishing Boats,' in the Rotterdam
Museum ; a ' River Scene with Shipping,' dated
1650, in the Museum at Amsterdam ; a 'View on
the Scheldt near Bats,' in the Arenberg Gallery ;
a ' Beach with Shipping,' in the Vienna Gallery ;
a 'Sea-piece,' in the Berlin Museum; a 'River
Scene ' at Bridgewater House, and five pictures in
the National Gallery, London. Of late years Van
der Capelle has become fashionable, and his pictures
now fetch considerable prices. Two etchings by
him are known ; one, in the Galerie d'Estampes,
Paris, is marked J. v. Gapel, pinx.

VAN DER CROOST, Anthonib Jansz, (or Croos,)
a Dutchman of the 17th century, who won a certain
reputation in his time as a painter of town views.
In 1647 he was received into the Guild of St. Luke
at the Hague, and practised in that city, where he
died at an advanced age about the year 1662. He
was one of the foundation members of the Pictura
Society at the Hague, and imitated Jan v. Goyen,
whose pupil he may have been. In the Amsterdam
Museum there is a view of the Castle of Egmont,
near Alkmaar, by him.

VAN DER CROOST, Jakob, (or Croos,) painter,
was the son of Anthony van der Croost. He painted
landscapes and marine pieces. Pictures by him,
dated 1643 and 1667, are extant. The details of
his life are unknown. The Stadthuis at the Hague
has a picture by him.

VAN DER DOES, Aart, engraver, was born at
the Hague in 1610. He has left several portraits
and a few other subjects, executed with the burin
in the style of Paul Pontius, of whom probably he
was a pupil. He engraved several of the plates
for ' Portraits des Hommes illustres du 17'"^ Siecle,'
published at Amsterdam, some of which are dated
1649. The following plates may be named :

Ferdinand, Cardinal-Infant of Spain, Governor of the
Low Countries, on Horseback ; in the background is
the Battle of Nordlingen ; after A. van Diepenteeck.

Gerard Coch, Senator of Bremen ; after A. van Halle.

George "Wagner, Quaestor of Eslingen, Plenipotentiary
at the peace of Osnaburg ; after the same.

The Marquis of Castello Eodrigo ; after Eubens,

The Magdalene ; after Van Dyck.

A Miracle wrought by St. Francis; after A. van Die-

The Virgin and Child ; after Erasmus Quellin.
The Holy Family ; after the same.

VAN DER DOES, Jakob, the elder, was born at
Amsterdam in 1623. After being instructed for some
time by Nicolaas Moyaert, he visited Paris, when
he was twenty-one years of age, and afterwards
proceeded to It.ily. He made drawings of views
in the vicinity of Rome, and the work of Peter van
Lacr being then in great favour in Italy, he
adopted the style of that master, and painted
similar subjects. After passing some years at
Rome, he returned to Holland. He died at the
Hague in 1673. Van der Does is said to have
been a morose, melancholy individual. His pic-
tures have darkened very much. We have by him
several small etchings of landscapes with cattle.
They are free and masterly. His best pictures are
the following :

Cassel. Gallery. Landscape with Animals.

Copenhagen. „ Sheep at pasture on a Hill,

„ „ Sheep and Goats in an Italian

„ „ Sheep under Oak-trees.


Vau der Does


Van der Faes

Vienna. Gallery. Landscape with Figures and

„ ,, Italian Landscape.

VAN DER DOES, Jakob, the younger, second
son of the elder painter of the name, waa born at
Amsterdam in 1654. After receiving instruction
from his father and Karel du Jardin in landscape,
and being also for a time under Caspar Netscher,
he applied himself to historical painting under
Gerard de Lairesse, in which he made great pro-
gress, and had produced some pictures which pro-
mised much, when he was overtaken by death
while still very young.

VAN DER DOES, Simon, the son of Jakob van
der Does the elder, was born at Amsterdam in
1653, and was instructed in art by Adriaan van de
Velde. His pictures, like those of the elder Van
der Does, usually represent Italian landscapes, with
figures and cattle, painted in a clearer and more
agreeable tone than those of his father ; he also
painted small portraits and domestic subjects,
in the style of Caspar Netscher. He is said by
Houbraken to have visited England, where he did
not remain longer than a year ; he worked also
at Brussels and Antwerp, and finally settled at the
Hague. He died in 1717. Simon van der Does
etched a few plates of landscapes with cattle. Pic-
tures by him are in the galleries of Amsterdam,
Copenhagen, the Hague, and Frankfort, and in the
Vienna Academy.

VAN DER DONCKT, Joseph, a Flemish painter,
born at'Alost in 1757, He learnt the rudiments or
art from J. de Rycke, and afterwards studied under
Suv^e and Gaeremyn at the Bruges Academy. In
his youth he was intended for a Jesuit, but on the
suppression of the order, was sent to Marseilles
into a house of business, and soon abandoned
commerce for painting. He visited Paris and
Italy, and did not finally settle in his native city
till 1791. He distinguished himself as a painter
of portraits, especially in pastel. He died in 1821.
The Bruges Academy has several portraits by

VAN DER DORT, Abraham, modeller, earns a
place in this dictionary by having acquired at least
some proficiency in painting, for a portrait of the
King of Denmark, by him, was in the collection of
Charles I. He was born in Holland, was employed
by the Emperor Rudolph, and afterwards came to
England, where he was in the service successively
of Prince Henry and of Charles I. He was keeper
of the king's pictures, and was appointed designer
to the mint in 1628. Walpole mentions a docu-
ment in which he is recommended as a husband,
by the king himself, to one Louisa Cole. He re-
ceived other favours from Charles, and compiled
the still extant catalogues of the Royal Collections
of pictures, medals, and other works of art. It is
said that he misla'id a miniature by Gibson, which
had been given into his safe keeping by the king,
and that, when it could not be found, he hanged
himself in despair, the miniature being afterwards
discovered and restored by his executors.

VAN DER ELJDBN, Jan, (or Jeremiar,) portrait
painter, was born at Brussels, but came to reside in
London, where he was employed by Lely to paint
draperies. After the death of that artist he was
patronized by several of the nobility. He after-
wards settled in Northamptonshire, where, accord-
ing to Walpole, he died about 1697. The date of
his death has also been given as 1687, and his
name as Van dek Heyden.


VAN DER BIJK, Abraham, (or Van der Eye,)
was a contemporary of Willem Mieris, and painted
somewhat in the manner of that master.

VAN DER ELST, Pietbe. See Verelst.

VAN DER EYDEN, John. See Van dee Eijden.

VAN DER FAES, Pietbe, better known as Su-
Peter Lely, was born in 1618, at Soest in West-
phalia, where his father (a captain of infantry,
who had changed his name from Van der Faes to
Lely) was in garrison. He studied under Pieter
Franz de Grebber at Haarlem for about two years.
On the death of Van Dyck in 1640 he determined
to visit England, where he arrived the following
year. He first painted landscapes with historical
figures ; but finding that portrait painting was
more encouraged here than any other branch of
art, he devoted himself to it, imitating the style
of Van Dyck. At the marriage of the Prince of
Orange with the Princess Mary in 1643, he was
presented to Charles I., and painted his portrait
and those of William and the Princess. He re-
mained in England during the Commonwealth, and
painted the portrait of Cromwell. At the Restor-
ation, Charles II. appointed him his principal
painter, and made him a baronet, 1679-80. From
1662 to his death he lived in the Piazza, Covent
Garden. He was seized with apoplexy while paint-
ing the portrait of the Duchess of Somerset. He
died in 1680, and was buried by torchlight jn the
church of St. Paul's, Covent Garden, where his bust
by Grinling Gibbons was destroyed by fire in 1795.
Lely's collections of works of art and his other
effects were sold after his death, and produced the
very large sum for the time of £26,000. His will,
in which he bequeathes fifty pounds towards the
building of St. Paul's, was printed for the Camden
Society in 1863. The number of his portraits in
private hands is very great. The following are
among the more remarkable :

Dublin. Nat. Gallery. James, First Duke of Ormonde.

„ „ Portrait of a Girl.

Greenwich Hos- Great } The Flagmen : Twelve portraits
pital. Sail. J painted for the Duke of York

(James II.). They are :
1. James Duke of York. 2. Earl of Sandwich (Edward
Montague). 3. Sir Thomas Allen. 4. Sir George Ascue.
5. Sir William Berkeley. 6. Sir Thomas Harman (the
finest of the series). 7. Sir Joseph Jordan. 8. Sir John
Lawson. 9. Sir Christopher Mennys. 10. Sir William
Penu (the father of the great Quaker). H. Sir Jeremy
Smith. 12. Sir Thomas Tiddiman.
Hampton Court. Beauties of the Comix of Charles
II. {origiTiaZly eleven — tivo are
missing) :
„ Barbara, Duchess of Cleveland,

as Minerva.
„ Frances Stewart, Duchess of

„ Mrs. Middleton.

„ Elizabeth, Countess of North-

„ Countess of Falmouth {mis-

called Countess of Ossory).
„ Elizabeth Brooke, Lady Den-

„ Frances Brooke, afterwards

Lady Whitraore.
„ Henrietta Boyle, Countess of

„ Miss Hamilton, afterwards

Comtesse de Grammont.

„ Lady Bellasys.

„ Jane Kelleway as Diana (rniscalled

Princess Mart/).
„ Anne Hyde, Duchess of York.

>, (?) Marie d'Bste (rniscalled Mil


Van der Goes


Van. der Gucht

Hampton Coiirb. Anne, Countess of Sunderland.

,, Princess Isabella, daughter of

James II.

„ A Magdalen.

„ Portrait of Lely.

London. Ifat. Fort. Gall. Duke of Albemarle.

„ „ Duke of Buckingham (fine).

„ „ Duchess of Cleveland.

„ ,, Mary Davis {very fine).

„ „ Sir Harbottle Grimston.

II „ Nell Gwynn (very fine).

,1 „ Lord Jermyn.

n » Duke of Ormonde.

„ ), Earl of Ossory.

„ „ Prince Rupert.

), „ Countess of Shrewsbury.

I) » Thomas Stanley.

„ „ Sir "William Temple.

I, „ Anne Hyde, Duchess of York.

„ „ Charles II.

,» ,5 Comtesse de Grammont (very


„ „ Duke of Monmouth.

„ „ Earl of Sandwich.

,, „ Mrs. Jane Middleton (very


„ „ Earl of Southampton.

„ Nat. Gall. Portrait of a Girl.

Oxford. Bodleian Lib. Samuel Butler.

Windsor Castle. Charles II.

„ Duke of Gloucester.

„ Prince Eupert.

VAN DER GOES, Hugo, was bom at Ghent (?)
about the year 1405. He is described by Van
Mander as a painter of Bruges and pupil of the
Van Eycks, statements which are probable enough,
but of which we have no positive evidence. ]3is
earliest works were the distempered canvases with
which the churches and palaces of Bruges and
other lowland towns were decorated instead of
frescoes, which would not stand the climate. He
also made cartoons for glaziers. Vasari calls Van
der Goes " Hugo of Antwerp ; " and Van Vaerne-
wijk, (the historian of the Rebellion.) " Hughe van
der (Jhoest in Zeelandt, so called because he lived
long in that country, though he was born at Ley-
den." He was a master at Ghent in 1465, and
became a sworn arbitrator to the Guild of Painters
in 1468, a rank no member could hold until he
had enjoyed the freedom for at least a year, and
had paid the fees. It is suggested that he had
previously joined that at Bruges, and in the same
year was called to take part in the preparations for
the wedding of Margaret of York at Bruges and
at Ghent. There is some reason to believe that,
about the time of the Ghent insurrection in 1440,
Van der Goes was invited to Paris, and there
painted the ' Crucifixion,' which still hangs above
the judges' seat in the Oour d' Appel. About 1450-3
he appears to have settled at Ghent, where, in
1472-75, he presided as elder in the Guild. In
1476 he entered the Convent of Rooden Cloestere,
near Brussels. Here he was allowed various in-
dulgences, among them that of dining in the re.-
feotory with the distinguished strangers who came
to see him. On these occasions he would drink
much wine, which had a great efiect upon his
excitable temperament. Five or six years after he
' professed ' he went to Cologne with some brother
monks, and on his return had an attack of madness
which the Prior attempted to mitigate with music.
In 1478 he went to Louvain, to value an unfinished
picture by Dierick Bouts, receiving a stoup of wine
for his trouble. He died in . 1482, his insanity
having in the meantime disappeared. Of all the
oil pictures that he produced, the only one his-

torically authenticated is that mentioned by Vasari,
which he painted to the order of Tommaso Por-
tinari, agent in Bruges for the Medici, for the
Hospital of S. Maria Nuova at Florence, where it
is still preserved. Of this triptych, the middle
picture represents the ' Adoration of the Shep-
herds ; ' the figures being almost life-size. On
one wing are the portraits of Tommaso Portinari
and his two little sons, presented by their patron
saints Matthew and Anthony ; on the other his
wife and daughter, presented by SS. Margaret
and Magdalen. Many works of Van der Goes
perished by the hands of the Iconoclasts. Several
important pictures by other masters have until
lately been erroneously attributed to him. Two
in the National Gallery, a ' Portrait of an Eccle-
siastic,' and ' The Madonna and Child Enthroned,'
bear his name in the catalogue ; the latter is by
Dierick Bouts. Nearly all large museums have
pictures ascribed to Van der Goes, mostly quite at
random. Among pictures by him, known to have
once existed, which are now missing, we may name :
two panels with scenes from the legend of St.
Catharine ; and four episodes from the seven sacra-
ments, which Albrecht Dtirer saw in the Nassau
Palace, at Brussels, and ascribed to Meister Hugo.
Among other pictures ascribed to him with more
or less justice, aje a ' Madonna and Child, with
SS. Catharine and Barbara,' which found its present
place in Santa Maria del Gesu at Polizzi, in Sicily,
through a ship on which it was freighted being
wrecked in the neighbourhood ; and a ' Madonna,'
in the Bologna Gallery. Messrs. Crowe and Caval-
caselle do not believe in Hugo's authorship of the
latter W.A.

VAN DER GOUWEN, Willem, a Dutch en-
graver, was a native of Amsterdam and flourished
early in the 18th century. We have by him an
indifferent set of Bible prints, published in that
city in 1720, after the designs of Picart and others.
He also engraved some ornamental frontispieces,
&c., for the booksellers. 'The Whale cast upon
the Dutch Coast in 1598 ' should also be specially
noticed among his plates.

VAN DER GRACHT, Jakob, a Flemish painter
and engraver, was born at Lierre (?) in 1693.
Raphael Coxie was his master. He spent some
years in Italy, under the protection of the Spanish
Viceroy at Naples. He is chiefly known, however,
by his 'Anatomy for Artists,' published at the
Hague in 1634. An excellent portrait by him is
in the Weimar Collection. He died at the Hague
in 1647.

VAN DER GUCHT, Benjamin, portrait painter
and picture-dealer, was the only son of John van
der Gucht, the engraver. Benjamin was a student
at the school in St. Martin's Lane, and afterwards
at the Royal Academy. He painted many portraits
of actors, among them those of David Garrick,
as steward of the Stratford Jubilee, and of Wood-
ward the Comedian, now in the Lock Hospital.
He also painted scenes from popular plays, but in
1786 he relinquished painting for picture-dealing,
picture-cleaning, and repairing. Ho was drowned
in the Thames, near Chiswick, September 21st,

VAN DER GUCHT, Gerard, an elder son of
Michiel van der Gucht, was born in 1696 (or 1695).
He was the pupil of Ijouis Cheron, and was
principally employed by the booksellers, for whom
he engraved a great number of portraits in small,
chiefly after Kneller. Later in life he became a


Van der Gucht


Van der Heist

dealer, founding a " Gallery " in Lower Brook
Street. He was employed by Sir Hans Sloane.
He died, the father of thirty children, in 1776. We
have by him, among others, the following portraits :
John Tillotson, Archbishop of Canterbury; after KnelUr.
John Milton, Poet ; three plates.
John Dryden, Poet ; after Kneller.
John Hughes, Poet ; after the same.
John Philips, Poet ; after the same.
CoUey Gibber, Poet and Actor ; after Van Loo.
Charles Jervas, Painter.
The Eour Seasons ; after Col/pel.
VAN DER GUCHT, John, a younger son of
Miohiel van der Gucht, was born in London in
1697, and was taught engraving by his father.
He also studied under Louis Charon. He died in
1776. He engraved six academical figures, from
the drawings of Charon, which were much ad-
mired ; and was employed by Wilham Cheselden,
the surgeon, to engrave the plates for his ' Oste-
ology,' for which he is highly commended in the
preface to that work. He also had a share in the
plates after Sir James Thornhill's pictures in the
Cupola of St. Paul's. There is a print by him of
'Tancred and Erminia,' after N. Poussin. He is
stated to have excelled as a caricaturist. We
have also by him the following portraits :
John Ker, of Kersland ; affixed to his Memoirs ; after

■William King, LL.D. ; prefixed to his works.
John Dennis, critic.

VAN DER GUCHT, Miohiel, a Tlemish en-
graver, was born at Antwerp in 1660, and was
first a pupil of one of the Boutats, but came early
to England, and studied under David Loggan.
Here he met with considerable encouragement,
and remained till death. He was chiefly employed
by the booksellers, and engraved many of the por-
traits for Clarendon's ' History.' He also engraved
anatomical figures, and a large print of the ' Royal
Navy,' after Baston. He was the master of Vertue.
Walpole calls him Vandergutch. He died in
Bloomsbury, October 16th, 1725, and was buried
in St. Giles's churchyard. The following portraits
by him may be named :
Queen Elizabeth ; after Sir Antonio Mor.
Sir Josiah Child ; after Riley.
J. Savage ; prefixed to his History of Germany ; after

JFoster ; his best work,
James Stanley, Earl of Derby ; afteir Winstanley.
Francis Atterbury, Bishop of Rochester ; after K-neller.
"William Oongreve, Poet ; after the -same.
Joseph Addison, Poet ; after the same.
Thomas Betterton, Actor ; after the same.

VAN DER HAERT, Henri, painter and sculptor,
■was born at Louvain in 1794. He studied in the
Academy of Ghent, and afterwards under Jacquin
and David. He was successful in portraiture, and
in 1841 he became a director of the Ghent Academy,
which he completely reorganized. He died at
Ghent in 1846. The Museum of that city possesses
a ' Dismissal of Hagar ' by him.

VAN DER HAGEN, Jan or Joms, (or Ver-
HAGKN,) painter, was born at the Hague, where he
was living as early as 1640. The year of his birth is
unknown, but various improbable dates have been
given. His identity also has been matter of doubt,
some writers holding that Jan and Joris Van der
Hagen were two distinct persons. Messrs. Bredius
and Stuers ascribe all the Van der Hagens at
Amsterdam and the Hague respectively to ' Joris ',
making no mention of ' Jan '. Joris was one of the
forty-seven artists who founded the Pictura Society
at the Hague in 1656. He was the friend of


Berchem and Adriaan van de Velde, and studied
the works of Ruysdael. He painted landscapes,
and views chiefly taken from the environs of Cleves
and Nimeguen. The pictures of Verhagen are well
painted ; but having made use of a pernicious
pigment, much in vogue at his time, called Haar-
lem blue, the freshness of his greens and blues
has disappeared. He died in 1669. Several land-
scapes by him are at Amsterdam, Berlin, Copen-
hagen, the Hague, and Rotterdam. One of the
best of his landscapes is in the Louvre; it repre-
sents a ' Village in a Plain,' with a Sportsman,
his Servant, and his Dogs, 1660.

VAN DER HAGEN, Johann, a Dutch marine
painter, bom at the Hague early in the 18th cen-
tury. He migrated to London, and finally settled
in Ireland. In his latter years his improvidence
brought him to want, and he died in Dublin
about 1770.

VANDERHAMEN y LEON, Juan db, the son
of a Flemish archer of the guard, was born at
Madrid in 1596. His father amused his leisure
with flower painting, in which he instructed his
son. The latter married a Castilian wife, Eugenia
de la Herrera, and adopted painting as a profes-
sion. On the death of Gonzales in 1627 he was
an unsuccessful candidate for the vacant post of
painter to the king. In conjunction with Eugenie
Caxes, Vanderhamen painted several scenes from
the infancy of Christ for the Convent of the Holy
Trinity at Madrid, as well as six scenes from the
Life of Christ for the Carthusians of Paular. In
these subjects his style was dry and harsh ; but
his portraits were agreeable. His chief merit was
displayed in kitchen-pieces, of which an excellent
example is in the Gallery at Madrid. He died
in 1632.

VAN DER HECKE, Marten Heemskerk, was
the son and pupil of Nicolas van der Hecke. He
painted landscapes with ruins, but never rose above

VAN DER HECKE, Nicolaas (or Claesz)
Dircksz, was born at the Hague about the year
1580, and was a scholar of Jan Naghel, and a rela-
tive of Marten Heemskerk. He painted history and
landscapes, but excelled chiefly in the latter. Of
his historical works, the most important are three
large pictures in the town-hall at Alkmaar : the
' Decapitation of a Magistrate, for an act of oppres-
sion towards a Peasant ; ' the ' Punishment of Cam-
byses ; ' and the ' Judgment of Solomon.' He was
one of the founders of the S. Luke's Guild at Alk-
maar, in the year 1631. He died in 1638. The
Dresden Gallery has two Alehouse interiors by him,
and the Amsterdam Museum views of the Castle
and Abbey of Egmont.

VAN DER HEIJDEN, Jan. See Van deb
EiJDEN and Van der Heyden.

VAN DER HELST, Bartholomfus, portrait
painter, was born at Haarlem in 1611 or 1612.
The registers of Haarlem have been searched in
vain for the exact date of his birth. It is sup-
posed that Nic, Elias was his instructor, and that
he was further influenced by Frans Hals. He
settled at Amsterdam while still very young, and
lived there for the greater part of his life. In 1636
he married Constantia Reinst, a young girl of good
family, who was famous for her beauty and wit.
He was a foundation member of the Painters'
Guild (1654). He occasionally painted civic
scenes and shooting pieces, but his better known
and more numerous works are portraits and

Van der Heist


Van der Hulst

portrait groups, often of civic officers or archer

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 162 of 201)